114 relations: Afrika Korps, Al Qubbah, Alberto Pariani, Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936, Annibale Bergonzoli, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Armistice of 22 June 1940, Armored car (military), Australia in the War of 1939–1945, Australian War Memorial, Babini Group, Battle of Greece, Bedouin, Benghazi, Blackshirts, Bofors 37 mm, C Battery Royal Horse Artillery, Cambridge University Press, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Commonwealth of Nations, Cruiser Mk I, Cruiser Mk II, Cruiser Mk III, Cyrenaica, Desert Air Force, Erg (landform), Erwin Rommel, Fifth Army (Italy), French North Africa, Frontal assault, General officer commanding, Giuseppe Tellera, Governor-general, Greco-Italian War, Gulf of Sirte, Henry Maitland Wilson, Hinterland, History of modern Egypt, Horace Robertson, Italian invasion of Egypt, Italian Libya, Italian Libyan Colonial Division, Italian XX Motorised Corps, Italo Balbo, Italo Gariboldi, Italo-Turkish War, Jebel Akhdar, Libya, Jock column, John Frederick Boyce Combe, Junkers Ju 87, ..., King's Royal Rifle Corps, Kingdom of Italy, Lancashire Hussars, Libya, Libyan Coastal Highway, Libyan Desert, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of Adolf Hitler's directives, Long Range Desert Group, Major-general (United Kingdom), Maletti Group, Malta, Mario Berti, Marj, Mechili, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Michael O'Moore Creagh, Middle East Command, Msus, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Battleaxe, Operation Brevity, Operation Compass, Operation Crusader, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Percy Hobart, Portee, Prisoner of war, Richard O'Connor, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Rodolfo Graziani, Royal Italian Army, Royal Navy, Siege of Tobruk, Sirocco, Sirte, Suez Canal, Tenth Army (Italy), The International History Review, Thermos bomb, Tripolitania, Universal Carrier, Wagon fort, Western Desert Force, World War II, XIII Corps (United Kingdom), 101st Motorised Division Trieste, 102nd Motorised Division Trento, 132nd Armoured Division Ariete, 19th Brigade (Australia), 1st King's Dragoon Guards, 1st Libyan Division Sibille, 1st Royal Tank Regiment, 2nd Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Royal Tank Regiment, 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 4th Regiment Royal Artillery, 60th Infantry Division Sabratha, 6th Division (Australia), 6th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Queen's Own Hussars, 7th Support Group (United Kingdom). Expand index (64 more) » « Shrink index
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
Al Qubbah or El Gubba (القبة) is a town in eastern Libya.
Alberto Pariani (27 November 1876, Milan – 1 March 1955) was an Italian general.
The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 (officially, The Treaty of Alliance Between His Majesty, in Respect of the United Kingdom, and His Majesty, the King of Egypt) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Egypt.
Annibale Bergonzoli (1 November 1884 – 31 July 1973), nicknamed "barba elettrica", "Electric Whiskers", was an Italian Lieutenant General who served during World War I, the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.
The Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed at 18:36.
A military armored (or armoured) car is a lightweight wheeled armored fighting vehicle, historically employed for reconnaissance, internal security, armed escort, and other subordinate battlefield tasks.
Australia in the War of 1939–1945 is a 22-volume official history series covering Australian involvement in the Second World War.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Special Armoured Brigade (Brigata Corazzata Speciale), also known as the Raggruppamento Babini (Babini Group) was an ad hoc armoured unit formed by the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito Italia) in Italian North Africa, at the start of the Western Desert Campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Greece (also known as Operation Marita, Unternehmen Marita) is the common name for the invasion of Allied Greece by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in April 1941 during World War II.
The Bedouin (badawī) are a grouping of nomadic Arab peoples who have historically inhabited the desert regions in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq and the Levant.
Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
The Milizia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionale (MVSN, "Voluntary Militia for National Security"), commonly called the Blackshirts (Camicie Nere, CCNN, singular: Camicia Nera) or squadristi (singular: squadrista), was originally the paramilitary wing of the National Fascist Party and, after 1923, an all-volunteer militia of the Kingdom of Italy.
The Bofors 37 mm gun was an anti-tank gun designed by Swedish manufacturer Bofors in the early 1930s.
C Battery Royal Horse Artillery are a Close Support Battery of 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery currently based in Albemarle Barracks, Northumberland, England.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk I (A9) was a British cruiser tank of the interwar period.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk II (A10), was a cruiser tank developed alongside the A9 cruiser tank, and was intended to be a heavier, infantry tank version of that type.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk III, also known by its General Staff specification number A13 Mark I, was a British cruiser tank of the Second World War.
Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
The Desert Air Force (DAF), also known chronologically as Air Headquarters Western Desert, Air Headquarters Libya, the Western Desert Air Force, and the First Tactical Air Force (1TAF), was an Allied tactical air force created from No. 204 Group under RAF Middle East Command in North Africa in 1941 to provide close air support to the British Eighth Army.
An erg (also sand sea or dune sea, or sand sheet if it lacks dunes) is a broad, flat area of desert covered with wind-swept sand with little or no vegetative cover.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The Italian Fifth Army was an Italian Army which was formed in World War I and World War II.
French North Africa was a collection of territories in North Africa controlled by France, centering on French Algeria.
The military tactic of frontal assault is a direct, hostile movement of forces toward the front of an enemy force (as compared to the flanks or rear of the enemy).
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
Giuseppe Tellera (March 14, 1882 in Bologna – February 7, 1941) was a general in the Italian Army during World War II.
Governor-general (plural governors-general) or governor general (plural governors general), in modern usage, is the title of an office-holder appointed to represent the monarch of a sovereign state in the governing of an independent realm.
The Greco-Italian War (Italo-Greek War, Italian Campaign in Greece; in Greece: War of '40 and Epic of '40) took place between the kingdoms of Italy and Greece from 28 October 1940 to 23 April 1941.
Gulf of Sirte (خليج سرت, Khalij Surt), or Gulf of Sidra (خليج السدرة, Khalij as-Sidra) after the port of Sidra, is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea on the northern coast of Libya.
Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson, 1st Baron Wilson, (5 September 1881 – 31 December 1964), also known as Jumbo Wilson, was a senior British Army officer of the 20th century.
Hinterland is a German word meaning "the land behind" (a city, a port, or similar).
According to most scholars the history of modern Egypt dates from the emergence of Muhammad Ali's rule in the early 19th century and his launching of Egypt's modernization project that involved building a new army and suggesting a new map for Egypt.
Lieutenant General Sir Horace Clement Hugh Robertson, (29 October 1894 – 28 April 1960) was a senior officer in the Australian Army who served in the First World War, the Second World War and the Korean War.
The Italian invasion of Egypt (Operazione E) was an Italian offensive against British, Commonwealth and Free French forces during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War.
Italian Libya (Libia Italiana; ليبيا الإيطالية) was a unified colony of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI) established in 1934 in what is now modern Libya.
The Libyan Division was a formation of colonial troops raised by the Italians in their colony in Libya.
The Italian XX Motorised Corps was an armoured formation of the Italian army.
Italo Balbo (Ferrara, 6 June 1896 – Tobruk, 28 June 1940) was an Italian Blackshirt (Camicie Nere, or CCNN) leader who served as Italy's Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), Governor-General of Libya, Commander-in-Chief of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI), and the "heir apparent" to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.
Italo Gariboldi (20 April 1879 – 3 February 1970) was a senior officer in the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) before and during World War II.
The Italo-Turkish or Turco-Italian War (Trablusgarp Savaşı, "Tripolitanian War"; also known in Italy as Guerra di Libia, "Libyan War") was fought between the Kingdom of Italy and the Ottoman Empire from September 29, 1911, to October 18, 1912.
The Jebel Akhdar (الجبل الأخضر, The Green Mountain) is a heavily forested, fertile upland area in northeastern Libya.
During the Second World War, Jock columns were small combined arms groups of armoured cars, artillery and motorised infantry, generally drawn from the British 7th Armoured Division.
Major General John Frederick Boyce Combe, (1 August 1895 – 12 July 1967) was a British Army officer before and during the Second World War.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The King's Royal Rifle Corps was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army that was originally raised in British North America as the Royal American Regiment (also known as the Royal Americans) in the Seven Years' War and for Loyalist service in the American Revolutionary War.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Lancashire Hussars was a British Army unit originally formed in 1798.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
The Libyan Coastal Highway (الطريق الساحلي الليبي), formerly the Litoranea Balbo, is a highway that is the only major road that runs along the entire east-west length of the Libyan Mediterranean coastline.
The Libyan Desert forms the northern and eastern part of the Sahara Desert.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Adolf Hitler's directives or Führer's directives (Führerbefehle) were instructions and strategic plans issued by Adolf Hitler himself.
The Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) was a reconnaissance and raiding unit of the British Army during the Second World War.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
The Raggruppamento Maletti was an ad hoc mechanised unit formed by the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito) in Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana or ASI), during the initial stages of the Western Desert Campaign of World War II.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mario Berti (1881–1964) was an Italian officer during World War I and a general in the Spanish Civil War and World War II.
Marj (المرج, The Meadows), also spelt El Merj, generally believed to be on the site of the ancient city of Barca or Barce, is a city in northeastern Libya and the administrative seat of the Marj District.
Mechili (المخيلي) is a small village in Cyrenaica, Libya and the site of a former Turkish fort.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Major General Sir Michael O'Moore Creagh KBE, MC (16 May 1892 – 1970) was a British Army who served in both the world wars.
Middle East Command, later Middle East Land Forces, was a British Army Command established prior to the Second World War in Egypt.
Msus or Zawiyat Msus (زاوية مسوس), also Masous is a village in eastern Libya.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Battleaxe was a British Army operation during the Second World War in June 1941, to clear eastern Cyrenaica of German and Italian forces and raise the Siege of Tobruk.
Operation Brevity was a limited offensive conducted in mid-May 1941, during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
Operation Compass was the first large Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) during the Second World War.
Operation Crusader was a military operation during the Second World War by the British Eighth Army against the Axis forces in North Africa between 18 November and 30 December 1941.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
Major General Sir Percy Cleghorn Stanley Hobart (14 June 1885 – 19 February 1957), also known as "Hobo", was a British military engineer noted for his command of the 79th Armoured Division during World War II.
A portee is a truck that carries a gun on its bed, such that the gun is not fixed permanently to the vehicle, can be quickly unloaded and can be fired from the truck.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
General Sir Richard Nugent O'Connor & Bar, MC (21 August 1889 – 17 June 1981) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First and Second World Wars, and commanded the Western Desert Force in the early years of the Second World War.
The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.
Marshal Rodolfo Graziani, 1st Marquis of Neghelli (11 August 1882 – 11 January 1955), was a prominent Italian military officer in the Kingdom of Italy's Regio Esercito (Royal Army), primarily noted for his campaigns in Africa before and during World War II.
The Royal Italian Army (Italian: Regio Esercito Italiano) was the army of the Kingdom of Italy from the unification of Italy in 1861 to the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War.
Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.
Sirte (سرت,; from Σύρτις), also spelled Sirt, Surt, Sert or Syrte, is a city in Libya.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
The Italian Tenth Army was an Italian Army which fought in World War I and in Italian North Africa during World War II.
The International History Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering the history of international relations and the history of international thought published by Routledge.
Thermos bomb was the informal name for the AR-4, an air dropped anti-personnel mine used by the Italian Air Force during World War II.
Tripolitania or Tripolitana (طرابلس, Berber: Ṭrables, from Vulgar Latin *Trapoletanius, from Latin Regio Tripolitana, from Greek Τριπολιτάνια) is a historic region and former province of Libya.
The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.
A wagon fort is a mobile fortification made of wagons arranged into a rectangle, a circle or other shape and possibly joined with each other, an improvised military camp.
The Western Desert Force (WDF) was a British Army formation active in Egypt during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
101st Motorised Division Trieste or 101° Divisione Trieste (Italian) was a Motorised Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 102nd Motorised Division Trento (in 102ª Divisione Fanteria Trento) was a motorised infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The Ariete Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 19th Brigade was a formation of the Australian Army that was raised as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force for service during World War II.
The 1st King's Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army.
The 1st Libyan Division Sibelle was an Infantry Division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 1st Royal Tank Regiment (1 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army.
The 2nd Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, active during the Second World War.
The 2nd Royal Tank Regiment (2 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army.
4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East (The Black Rats), previously known as 4th Mechanized Brigade (The Black Rats) is a brigade formation of the British Army, currently based in Catterick, North Yorkshire as part of 1st (United Kingdom) Division.
The 4th Regiment Royal Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Artillery in the British Army.
The Italian 60th "Sabratha" Infantry Division was an Italian auto-transportable infantry division during World War II.
The 6th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.
The 6th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was first established by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington for service in the Peninsular War as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army and was active for most of the period since, including the First World War and the Second World War.
The 7th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 7th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first formed in 1690.
The 7th Support Group was a brigade size formation within the British 7th Armoured Division, active during World War II.