257 relations: A Woman in Berlin, Adolf Hitler, Alexanderplatz, Alfred Jodl, Allies of World War II, Anti-tank warfare, Armoured fighting vehicle, Army Detachment Steiner, Army group, Army Group Centre, Army Group Vistula, Artillery, Ballantine Books, Battle of Bautzen (1945), Battle of Halbe, Battle of the Seelow Heights, BBC, Berlin, Berlin Declaration (1945), Berlin Nordbahnhof, Berlin Police, Berlin S-Bahn, Berlin Tempelhof Airport, Berlin Victory Column, Berlin Zoological Garden, Berlin: The Downfall 1945, Bernard Montgomery, Bombing of Berlin in World War II, Brandenburg Gate, Breakout (military), Brigadeführer, Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild, Bundesautobahn 12, Chancellor of Germany, Charlotten Bridge, Chief of staff, Children in the military, Cottbus, Czechoslovakia, Danube, De Havilland Mosquito, Death of Adolf Hitler, Der Spiegel, Dietrich von Saucken, Dmitry Lelyushenko, Doubleday (publisher), Downfall (2004 film), Dwight D. Eisenhower, East Germany, East Prussia, ..., Eastern Front (World War II), Echo of Moscow, Elbe, Elbe Day, End of World War II in Europe, Ernst Kaether, European theatre of World War II, Eva Braun, Führerbunker, Fedor Zinchenko, Felix Steiner, Ferdinand Schörner, First Polish Army (1944–1945), First United States Army, Flag Day, Flensburg Government, Forst (Lausitz), Frankfurt (Oder), Franklin D. Roosevelt, Free City of Danzig, Friendly fire, Front (military formation), Gdańsk, Georgy Zhukov, German Army (Wehrmacht), German General Staff, German Instrument of Surrender, German nuclear weapon project, German World War II strongholds, Gestapo, Gotthard Heinrici, Grigori F. Krivosheev, Gustav Krukenberg, Hand-to-hand combat, Hans Krebs (Wehrmacht general), Hasso von Manteuffel, Havel, Hazard (golf), Heinrich Himmler, Hellmuth Reymann, Helmuth Weidling, Hermann von Salza, Hill & Wang, History of Germany (1945–90), Hitler Youth, Hodder & Stoughton, Ian Allan Publishing, Investment (military), Ivan Konev, J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Jüterbog, Joseph Goebbels, Joseph Stalin, Karl Dönitz, Katyusha rocket launcher, Königsberg, Konev, Konstantin Rokossovsky, Kurt Student, Kurt von Tippelskirch, Last will and testament of Adolf Hitler, Lübeck, Lieutenant general, Looting, Ludwigslust, Lusatian Neisse, LVI Panzer Corps, Macmillan Publishers (United States), Magdeburg, Marshal of the Soviet Union, Marta Hillers, Medal "For the Capture of Berlin", Mehringplatz, Mikhail Katukov, Mikhail Minin, Military engineering, Miracle of the House of Brandenburg, Moltke Bridge, Mortar (weapon), Nagykanizsa, Narew, Nazi Germany, Niederkirchnerstraße, Nikolai Berzarin, Ninth United States Army, Oberkommando des Heeres, Oder, Offensive (military), Operation Clausewitz, Operation Solstice, Operation Spring Awakening, Osprey Publishing, Panzer Division Clausewitz, Panzer Division Müncheberg, Panzerbär, Pavel Rybalko, Penal military unit, Penguin Books, Pillbox (military), Pincer movement, Pitched battle, Polish People's Army, Pomerania, Potsdam, Poznań, Prague Offensive, President of Germany (1919–1945), Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland, Race to Berlin, Rape during the occupation of Germany, Red Army, Reich Chancellery, Reichsführer-SS, Reichstag building, Reichstag fire, Reinforced concrete, Reservoir, Romania, Routledge, Royal Air Force, RT (TV network), Rudolf Holste, Schönhausen, Schwedt, Schwerin, Schwielowsee, Second Army (Poland), Seelow Heights, Semyon Bogdanov, Siege of Breslau, Siege of Budapest, Silesia, Simon & Schuster, Skirmisher, Sonnenallee (Berlin), Soup kitchen, Soviet occupation zone, Soviet Union, Soviet war crimes, Spandau, Sphere of influence, Spree, Stepan Neustroev, Stralsund, Stunde Null, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Swamp, Szczecin, Tactical bombing, Teltow, The Guardian, The Last Battle (Ryan), Torgau, Trench warfare, Trud (Russian newspaper), United States Army Air Forces, Upper Silesia, V Army Corps (Wehrmacht), Vasily Chuikov, Vasily Gordov, Vasily Kuznetsov (general), Victory Banner, Victory Day (9 May), Vienna, Vienna Offensive, Vistula, Vistula–Oder Offensive, Volkssturm, Waffen-SS, Walther Wenck, Wartime sexual violence, Wehrmacht, Werneuchen, Wilhelm Mohnke, Wismar, World War I, World War II, XX Army Corps (Wehrmacht), XXXXI Panzer Corps, YouTube, Zoo Tower, 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland, 12.8 cm FlaK 40, 12th Army (Wehrmacht), 18th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 1st Belorussian Front, 1st Guards Tank Army (Russia), 1st Ukrainian Front, 20th Guards Army, 20th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 21st Army (Wehrmacht), 21st Army Group, 2nd Army (Wehrmacht), 2nd Belorussian Front, 2nd Guards Tank Army, 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French), 3rd Guards Army (Soviet Union), 3rd Guards Tank Army, 3rd Panzer Army, 3rd Shock Army, 52nd Army (Soviet Union), 5th Guards Army, 5th Shock Army, 69th Infantry Division (United States), 8th Guards Army (Russia), 9th Army (Wehrmacht), 9th Parachute Division (Germany). 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A Woman in Berlin (Eine Frau in Berlin) (1959/2003) is an anonymous memoir by a German woman, revealed in 2003 to be journalist Marta Hillers.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Alexanderplatz is a large public square and transport hub in the central Mitte district of Berlin, near the Fernsehturm.
Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.
An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.
Army Detachment Steiner (Armeeabteilung Steiner) was a temporary military unit, something more than a corps but less than an army, created on paper by German dictator Adolf Hitler on 21 April 1945 during the Battle of Berlin, and placed under the command of SS-Obergruppenführer Felix Steiner.
An army group is a military organization consisting of several field armies, which is self-sufficient for indefinite periods.
Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte) was the name of two distinct German strategic army groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.
Army Group Vistula was an Army Group of the Wehrmacht, formed on 24 January 1945.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Ballantine Books is a major book publisher located in the United States, founded in 1952 by Ian Ballantine with his wife, Betty Ballantine.
The Battle of Bautzen (or Battle of Budziszyn, April 1945) was one of the last battles of the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Battle of Halbe (Kessel von Halbe, Хальбский котёл, Halbe pocket) from April 24 – May 1, 1945 was a battle in which the German Ninth Army, under the command of General Theodor Busse, was destroyed as a fighting force by the Red Army during the Battle for Berlin.
The Battle of the Seelow Heights (Schlacht um die Seelower Höhen) was part of the Seelow-Berlin Offensive Operation (16 April-2 May 1945).
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
By the Berlin Declaration (Berliner Erklärung/Deklaration) of 5 June 1945,Officially, the "Declaration regarding the defeat of Germany and the assumption of supreme authority with respect to Germany by the Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of the French Republic".
Berlin Nordbahnhof (formerly Stettiner Bahnhof) is a railway station in the Mitte district of Berlin, Germany.
The Berlin Police (Der Polizeipräsident in Berlin -The Police Chief of Berlin-, or commonly Berliner Polizei) is the German Landespolizei force for the city-state of Berlin.
The Berlin S-Bahn is a rapid transit railway system in and around Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
Berlin Tempelhof Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Tempelhof) was one of the airports in Berlin, Germany.
The Victory Column (Siegessäule, from Sieg ‘victory’ + Säule ‘column’) is a monument in Berlin, Germany.
The Berlin Zoological Garden (Zoologischer Garten Berlin) is the oldest and best-known zoo in Germany.
Berlin: The Downfall 1945 (also known as The Fall of Berlin 1945 in the US) is a narrative history by Antony Beevor of the Battle of Berlin during World War II.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Berlin, the capital of Nazi Germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the Second World War.
The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, built on the orders of Prussian king Frederick William II after the (temporarily) successful restoration of order during the early Batavian Revolution.
A breakout is a military operation to end a situation of investment, through offensive operations that achieve a breakthrough.
Brigadeführer ("brigade leader") was a paramilitary rank of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that was used between the years of 1932 to 1945.
Bruno Ritter von Hauenschild (9 June 1896 – 10 March 1953), born Bruno Hauenschild, was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II Hauenschild served in World War I; at the beginning of World War II, he rejoined the army as an officer.
, also known as Autobahn der Freiheit is an autobahn in northeastern Germany, connecting Berlin to the Polish border.
The title Chancellor has designated different offices in the history of Germany.
Charlotten Bridge (German Charlottenbrücke) in Spandau links the old town of Spandau on the west bank of the Havel with the east bank.
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.
Children in the military are children (defined by the Convention on the Rights of the Child as persons under the age of 18) who are associated with military organisations, such as state armed forces and non-state armed groups.
Cottbus is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
The de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito is a British twin-engine shoulder-winged multi-role combat aircraft.
Adolf Hitler was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Friedrich Wilhelm Eduard Kasimir Dietrich von Saucken (16 May 1892 – 27 September 1980) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Dmitry Danilovich Lelyushenko (Дми́трий Дани́лович Лелюше́нко; (– July 20, 1987) was a Soviet military commander, Army General (1959). Twice the Hero of the Soviet Union (April 7, 1940 and April 5, 1945), Hero of Czechoslovakia (May 30, 1970). Member of the CPSU from 1924. Born in Rostov Oblast, ethnically Ukrainian. In 1941, during the first months of the Great Patriotic War, Dmitry Danilovich Lelyushenko became a strong influence during the defence of Moscow against the German invasion. His subsequent battlefield commands were largely successful and his final actions in 1945 involved directing forces during the Red Army’s attacks on both Berlin and Prague.
Doubleday is an American publishing company founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 that by 1947 was the largest in the United States.
Downfall (Der Untergang) is a 2004 German historical war drama film directed by Oliver Hirschbiegel from a screenplay by producer Bernd Eichinger.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
East Prussia (Ostpreußen,; Prusy Wschodnie; Rytų Prūsija; Borussia orientalis; Восточная Пруссия) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 (with the Kingdom itself being part of the German Empire from 1871); following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Echo of Moscow (Э́хо Москвы́, Ekho Moskvy) is a Russian radio station based in Moscow, broadcasting in many Russian cities, some of the former-Soviet republics (through partnerships with local radio stations), and via the Internet.
The Elbe (Elbe; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe.
Elbe Day, April 25, 1945, is the day Soviet and American troops met at the Elbe River, near Torgau in Germany, marking an important step toward the end of World War II in Europe.
The final battles of the European Theatre of World War II as well as the German surrender to the Allies took place in late April and early May 1945.
Ernst Kaether (25 September 1903 – 11 August 1999) was a general in the Wehrmacht during World War II.
The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).
Eva Anna Paula Hitler (née Braun; 6 February 1912 – 30 April 1945) was the longtime companion of Adolf Hitler and, for less than 40 hours, his wife.
The Führerbunker was an air raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery in Berlin, Germany.
Fedor Matveevich Zinchenko (Russian: Фёдор Матвеевич Зинченко; 19 September 1902 in Stavskovo, Tomsk Governorate, Russian Empire - 15 October 1991 in Cherkasy, Ukrainian SSR) was a Soviet officer who commanded the 150th Rifle Division's 756th Regiment during the Storming of the Reichstag.
Felix Martin Julius Steiner (23 May 1896 – 12 May 1966) was a German SS commander during the Nazi era.
Ferdinand Schörner (12 June 1892 – 2 July 1973) was a general and later Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Polish First Army (Pierwsza Armia Wojska Polskiego, 1 AWP for short, also known as Berling's Army) was a Polish Army unit formed in the Soviet Union in 1944, from the previously existing Polish I Corps as part of the People's Army of Poland (LWP), a formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East.
The First Army is the oldest and longest established field army of the United States Army, having seen service in both World War I and World War II, under some of the most famous and distinguished officers of the U.S. Army.
A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.
The Flensburg Government (Flensburger Regierung), also known as the Flensburg Cabinet (Flensburger Kabinett), the Dönitz Government (Regierung Dönitz), or the Schwerin von Krosigk Cabinet (Kabinett Schwerin von Krosigk), was the short-lived government of Nazi Germany during a period of three weeks around the end of World War II in Europe.
Forst (Lausitz) (Baršć) is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.
Frankfurt (Oder) (also Frankfurt an der Oder, abbreviated Frankfurt a. d. Oder, Frankfurt a. d. O., Frankf., 'Frankfurt on the Oder') is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, located on the Oder River, on the German-Polish border directly opposite the town of Słubice, which was part of Frankfurt until 1945.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
The Free City of Danzig (Freie Stadt Danzig; Wolne Miasto Gdańsk) was a semi-autonomous city-state that existed between 1920 and 1939, consisting of the Baltic Sea port of Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) and nearly 200 towns and villages in the surrounding areas.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
A front (фронт, front) is a type of military formation that originated in the Russian Empire, and has been used by the Polish Army, the Red Army, the Soviet Army, and Turkey.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.
The German Instrument of Surrender ended World War II in Europe.
The German nuclear weapon project (Uranprojekt; informally known as the Uranverein; Uranium Society or Uranium Club) was a scientific effort led by Germany to develop and produce nuclear weapons during World War II.
German strongholds during World War II (Festung "fortresses") were the selected towns and cities so designated by Adolf Hitler to resist the Allied offensives where the defenders were ordered to defend them at all costs.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
Gotthard Heinrici (25 December 1886 – 10 December 1971) was a German general during World War II.
Grigoriy Fedotovich Krivosheyev (Григорий Федотович Кривошеев, born in 1929) is a Russian military historian and a retired Colonel General of the Russian military.
Gustav Krukenberg (8 March 1888 – 23 October 1980) was Brigadeführer of the ''Charlemagne'' Division of the Waffen-SS and further commander of its remains and the SS Division ''Nordland'' during the Battle of Berlin in April 1945.
Hand-to-hand combat (sometimes abbreviated as HTH or H2H) is a lethal or non-lethal physical confrontation between two or more persons at very short range (grappling distance, or within the physical reach of a handheld weapon) that does not involve the use of ranged weapons.
Hans Krebs (4 March 1898 – 2 May 1945) was a German Army general of infantry who served during World War II.
Hasso von Manteuffel (14 January 1897 – 24 September 1978) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 5th Panzer Army.
The Havel is a river in north-eastern Germany, flowing through the German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Berlin and Saxony-Anhalt.
A hazard is an area of a golf course in the sport of golf which provides a difficult obstacle, which may be of two types: (1) water hazards such as lakes and rivers; and (2) man-made hazards such as bunkers.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 – 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Germany.
Hellmuth Reymann (24 November 1892 – 8 December 1988) was an officer in the German Army (Heer) during World War II.
Helmuth Weidling (2 November 1891 – 17 November 1955) was a German general during World War II.
Hermann von Salza (or Hermann of Salza; c. 1165 – March 20, 1239) was the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1210 to 1239.
Hill & Wang is an American book publishing company focused on American history, world history, and politics.
As a consequence of the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, Germany was cut between the two global blocs in the East and West, a period known as the division of Germany.
The Hitler Youth (German:, often abbreviated as HJ in German) was the youth organisation of the Nazi Party in Germany.
Hodder & Stoughton is a British publishing house, now an imprint of Hachette.
Ian Allan Publishing is a UK publisher, established in 1942, which specialised in transport books.
Investment is the military process of surrounding an enemy fort (or town) with armed forces to prevent entry or escape.
Ivan Stepanovich Konev (Ива́н Степа́нович Ко́нев; – 21 May 1973) was a Soviet military commander who led Red Army forces on the Eastern Front during World War II, retook much of Eastern Europe from occupation by the Axis Powers, and helped in the capture of Germany's capital, Berlin.
J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing is a Canadian publishing house that specialises in literature on the German armed forces of the World War II era.
Jüterbog is a historic village in north-eastern Germany, in the Teltow-Fläming district of Brandenburg.
Paul Joseph Goebbels (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German Nazi politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz;; 16 September 1891 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher (a) is a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.
Königsberg is the name for a former German city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia.
Konev (Конев, from конь meaning horse) is a Russian masculine surname, its feminine counterpart is Koneva.
Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverevich) Rokossovsky (December 21, 1896 – August 3, 1968) was a Soviet officer of Polish origin who became Marshal of the Soviet Union, Marshal of Poland and served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 until his removal in 1956 during the Polish October.
Kurt Student (12 May 1890 – 1 July 1978) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Kurt von Tippelskirch (9 October 1891 – 10 May 1957) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded several armies and Army Group Vistula.
The last will and testament of Adolf Hitler was prompted by Hitler receiving a telegram from Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring asking for confirmation of Göring's succession, combined with news of Heinrich Himmler's attempted negotiations of surrender with the western Allies, and reports that Red Army troops were within a block or two of the Reich Chancellery.
Lübeck is a city in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Looting, also referred to as sacking, ransacking, plundering, despoiling, despoliation, and pillaging, is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophe, such as war, natural disaster (where law and civil enforcement are temporarily ineffective), or rioting.
Ludwigslust is a central castle town of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, 40 km south of Schwerin.
The Lusatian Neisse (Lužická Nisa; Lausitzer Neiße; Nysa Łużycka; Upper Sorbian: Łužiska Nysa; Lower Sorbian: Łužyska Nysa), or Western Neisse, is a long river in Central Europe.
LVI Panzer Corps was a panzer corps in the German Army during World War II.
Macmillan Publishers USA was the former name of a now mostly defunct American publishing company.
Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Marshal of the Soviet Union (Маршал Советского Союза) was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union, below Generalissimus of the Soviet Union.
Marta Hillers (Krefeld may, 26 1911 –Basel June 16, 2001) was a German journalist, and the author of the memoir, Eine Frau in Berlin (A Woman in Berlin), published anonymously in 1959 and 2003 in German.
The Medal "For the Capture of Berlin" (Медаль «За взятие Берлина») was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defense of the Soviet Union.
Mehringplatz is a round plaza (or circus) at the southern tip of the Friedrichstadt neighbourhood in Kreuzberg, Berlin.
Marshal of Armoured Troops Mikhail Efimovich Katukov (17 September 1900 – 8 June 1976) (Михаи́л Ефи́мович Катуко́в) served as a commander of armored troops in the Red Army during and following World War II.
Mikhail Petrovich Minin (Михаил Петрович Минин) (July 29, 1922 – January 10, 2008) was a Russian Soviet soldier who was the first to enter the Reichstag building on April 30, 1945 during the Battle of Berlin, and the first soldier to mount the flag on the Reichstag building at 10:40 pm.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
The Miracle of the House of Brandenburg is the name given by Frederick II of Prussia to the failure of Russia and Austria to follow up their victory over him at the Battle of Kunersdorf on 12 August 1759 during the Seven Years' War.
Moltke Bridge is a bridge over the Spree River in Berlin, Germany.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Nagykanizsa (Kan(j)iža, Velika Kan(j)iža; Großkirchen, Groß-Kanizsa, Canissa, Velika Kaniža, Kanije) is a medium-sized city in Zala County in southwestern Hungary.
The Narew River (Нараў Naraŭ; Lithuanian: Narvė, Narevas, Naruva, Naura; Нарва Narva), in western Belarus and north-eastern Poland, is a right tributary of the Vistula river.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Niederkirchnerstraße is a street in Berlin, Germany.
Nikolai Erastovich Berzarin (Russian Николай Эрастович Берзарин) (April 1, 1904 – June 16, 1945) was a Soviet officer in the Red Army during the Stalinist era and the Second World War.
The Ninth Army is a field army of the United States Army, garrisoned at Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy.
The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was the High Command of the German Army during the Era of Nazi Germany.
The Oder (Czech, Lower Sorbian and Odra, Oder, Upper Sorbian: Wódra) is a river in Central Europe.
An offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
Operation Clausewitz was the code word initiation of the defence of Berlin plan by Nazi Germany during the final stage of the European conflict of World War II, the Battle of Berlin.
Operation Solstice (Unternehmen Sonnenwende), also known as Unternehmen Husarenritt or the "Stargard tank battle", was one of the last German armoured offensive operations on the Eastern Front in World War II.
Operation Spring Awakening (Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen) (6 – 16 March 1945) was the last major German offensive of World War II.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
Panzer-Division Clausewitz was a German panzer division during World War II, named for Carl von Clausewitz.
Panzer-Division Müncheberg was a German panzer division which saw action on the Eastern Front around Berlin during World War II.
Der Panzerbär – Kampfblatt für die Verteidiger Groß-Berlins was a German daily tabloid newspaper printed in the final days of the European theater of World War II in Berlin.
Marshal of the Armoured Troops Pavel Semyonovich Rybalko (23 October 1892 – 28 August 1948) (Павел Семенович Рыбалко, Павло Семенович Рибалко) was a commander of armoured troops in the Red Army during and following World War II.
Penal military units, including penal battalions, penal companies, etc., are military formations consisting of convicts mobilized for military service.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.
A pitched battle or set piece battle is a battle in which both sides choose the fighting location and time.
The Polish People's Army (Ludowe Wojsko Polskie, LWP) constituted the second formation of the Polish Armed Forces in the East (1943–1945) and later the armed forces (1945–1989) of the Polish communist government of Poland (from 1952, the Polish People's Republic) along with the ruling Polish United Workers' Party.
Pomerania (Pomorze; German, Low German and North Germanic languages: Pommern; Kashubian: Pòmòrskô) is a historical region on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, split between Germany and Poland.
Potsdam is the capital and largest city of the German federal state of Brandenburg.
Poznań (Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland region.
The Prague Offensive (Пражская стратегическая наступательная операция Prague Strategic Offensive) was the last major Soviet operation of World War II in Europe.
The Reichspräsident was the German head of state under the Weimar constitution, which was officially in force from 1919 to 1945.
The Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rząd Tymczasowy Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej or RTRP) was created by the State National Council (Krajowa Rada Narodowa) on the night of 31 December 1944.
The Race to Berlin was a competition between two Soviet marshals, Georgy Zhukov and Ivan Konev, to be the first to enter Berlin during the final months of World War II.
As Allied troops entered and occupied German territory during the later stages of World War II, mass rapes took place both in connection with combat operations and during the subsequent occupation.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Reich Chancellery (Reichskanzlei) was the traditional name of the office of the Chancellor of Germany (then called Reichskanzler) in the period of the German Reich from 1878 to 1945.
Reichsführer-SS ("Reich Leader-SS") was a special title and rank that existed between the years of 1925 and 1945 for the commander of the Schutzstaffel (SS).
The Reichstag (Reichstagsgebäude; officially: Deutscher Bundestag - Plenarbereich Reichstagsgebäude) is a historic edifice in Berlin, Germany, constructed to house the Imperial Diet (German: Reichstag) of the German Empire.
The Reichstag fire (Reichstagsbrand) was an arson attack on the Reichstag building (home of the German parliament) in Berlin on 27 February 1933, just one month after Adolf Hitler had been sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.
A reservoir (from French réservoir – a "tank") is a storage space for fluids.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
RT (formerly Russia Today) is a Russian international television network funded by the Russian government.
Rudolf Holste (9 April 1897 – 4 December 1970) was a German general during World War II.
Schönhausen is a municipality in the district of Stendal in Saxony-Anhalt in Germany.
Schwedt (or Schwedt/Oder) is a town in northeastern Brandenburg, Germany.
Schwerin (or; Mecklenburgian: Swerin; Polish: Swarzyn or Zwierzyn; Latin: Suerina) is the capital and second-largest city of the northeastern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Schwielowsee is a lake in the state of Brandenburg, Germany.
The Polish Second Army (Druga Armia Wojska Polskiego, 2. AWP for short) was a Polish Army unit formed in the Soviet Union in 1944 as part of the People's Army of Poland.
The Seelow Heights are situated around the town of Seelow, about 90 kilometres (56 miles) east of Berlin, and overlook the Oderbruch, the western flood plain of the River Oder, which is a further 20 kilometres (12½ miles) to the east.
Semyon llyich Bogdanov (Семён Ильич Богданов) (1894–1960) was a Soviet Marshal of the armored troops, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, recipient of many other awards.
The Siege of Breslau, also known as the Battle of Breslau, was a three-month-long siege of the city of Breslau in Lower Silesia, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), lasting to the end of World War II in Europe.
The Siege of Budapest or Battle of Budapest was the 50-day-long encirclement by Soviet forces of the Hungarian capital of Budapest, near the end of World War II.
Silesia (Śląsk; Slezsko;; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk; Šlazyńska; Šleska; Silesia) is a region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.
Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.
Skirmishers are light infantry or cavalry soldiers in the role of skirmishing—stationed to act as a vanguard, flank guard, or rearguard, screening a tactical position or a larger body of friendly troops from enemy advances.
The Sonnenallee is a street in Berlin, Germany, connecting the districts of Neukölln and Treptow-Köpenick.
A soup kitchen, meal center, or food kitchen is a place where food is offered to the hungry usually for free or sometimes at a below market price.
The Soviet Occupation Zone (Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona Germanii, "Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany") was the area of central Germany occupied by the Soviet Union from 1945 on, at the end of World War II.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
War crimes perpetrated by the Soviet Union and its armed forces from 1919 to 1991 include acts committed by the Red Army (later called the Soviet Army) as well as the NKVD, including the NKVD's Internal Troops.
Spandau is the westernmost of the twelve boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and extending along the western bank of Havel.
In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity, accommodating to the interests of powers outside the borders of the state that controls it.
The Spree (Sprjewja, Spréva) is a river that flows through the Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin states of Germany, and in the Ústí nad Labem region of the Czech Republic.
Stepan Andreevich Neustroev (Russian: Степан Андреевич Неустроев; 12 August 1922, Talitsa, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Soviet Union – 26 February 1998, Sevastopol, Crimea) was a Soviet officer, commander of the 1st Battalion in the 756th Regiment of the 150th Rifle Division.
Stralsund, (Swedish: Strålsund) is a Hanseatic town in the Pomeranian part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Stunde Null ("Hour Zero") is a term used by Germany referring to May 8, 1945 at midnight (in English the term is mostly used to refer to the end of World War Two).
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
A swamp is a wetland that is forested.
Szczecin (German and Swedish Stettin), known also by other alternative names) is the capital and largest city of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland. Located near the Baltic Sea and the German border, it is a major seaport and Poland's seventh-largest city. As of June 2011, the population was 407,811. Szczecin is located on the Oder, south of the Szczecin Lagoon and the Bay of Pomerania. The city is situated along the southwestern shore of Dąbie Lake, on both sides of the Oder and on several large islands between the western and eastern branches of the river. Szczecin is adjacent to the town of Police and is the urban centre of the Szczecin agglomeration, an extended metropolitan area that includes communities in the German states of Brandenburg and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The city's recorded history began in the 8th century as a Slavic Pomeranian stronghold, built at the site of the Ducal castle. In the 12th century, when Szczecin had become one of Pomerania's main urban centres, it lost its independence to Piast Poland, the Duchy of Saxony, the Holy Roman Empire and Denmark. At the same time, the House of Griffins established themselves as local rulers and the population was Christianized. After the Treaty of Stettin in 1630, the town came under the control of the Swedish Empire and became in 1648 the Capital of Swedish Pomerania until 1720, when it was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia and then the German Empire. Following World War II Stettin became part of Poland, resulting in expulsion of the German population. Szczecin is the administrative and industrial centre of West Pomeranian Voivodeship and is the site of the University of Szczecin, Pomeranian Medical University, Maritime University, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin Art Academy, and the see of the Szczecin-Kamień Catholic Archdiocese. From 1999 onwards, Szczecin has served as the site of the headquarters of NATO's Multinational Corps Northeast. Szczecin was a candidate for the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Tactical bombing is aerial bombing aimed at targets of immediate military value, such as combatants, military installations, or military equipment.
Teltow is a town in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Last Battle is a 1966 book by Cornelius Ryan about the events leading up to the Battle of Berlin in World War II.
Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
Trud (Труд, Labor) is a Russian newspaper.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
Upper Silesia (Górny Śląsk; Silesian Polish: Gůrny Ślůnsk; Horní Slezsko; Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschläsing; Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.
V Army Corps (V. Armeekorps) was a corps in the German Army during World War II.
Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (12 February 1900 – 18 March 1982) was a Soviet military officer.
Vasily Nikolaevich Gordov (12 December 1896 – 24 August 1950) was a Soviet military officer who commanded the Stalingrad Front between July and August 1942 until his replacement by Andrey Yeryomenko.
Vasily Ivanovich Kuznetsov (Russian: Василий Иванович Кузнецов; - 20 June 1964) was a Soviet general and a Hero of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Banner of Victory (translit) is the banner raised by the Red Army soldiers on the Reichstag building in Berlin, on May 1, 1945, the day after Adolf Hitler committed suicide.
Victory DayДень Победы, Den' Pobedy День Перемоги, Den' Peremohy Дзень Перамогі, Dzień Pieramohi Gʻalaba kuni, Ғалаба куни Жеңіс Күні, Jeñis Küni გამარჯვების დღე, gamarjvebis dghe Qələbə Günü Ziua Victoriei, Зиуа Викторией Uzvaras diena Жеңиш майрамы, Jengish Mayramy Рӯзи Ғалаба, Rūzi Ghalaba Հաղթանակի օրը, Haght’anaki ory Ýeňişlar Harçlaarsiň, Йеңишлар Харчлаарсиң Võidupüha ("Victory Holiday") Ciñü köne Dan pobjede/pobede, Дан победе/побједе יום הניצחון, Yóm HaNicaħón عيد النصر, ʿīd al-Naṣir is a holiday that commemorates the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
The Vienna Offensive was launched by the Soviet 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts in order to capture Vienna, Austria during World War II.
The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).
The Vistula–Oder Offensive was a successful Red Army operation on the Eastern Front in the European Theatre of World War II in January 1945.
The Volkssturm ("people's storm") was a national militia established by Nazi Germany during the last months of World War II.
The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.
Walther Wenck (18 September 1900 – 1 May 1982) was the youngest General of the branch (General der Truppengattung) in the German Army and a staff officer during World War II.
Wartime sexual violence is rape or other forms of sexual violence committed by combatants during armed conflict or war or military occupation often as spoils of war; but sometimes, particularly in ethnic conflict, the phenomenon has broader sociological motives.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Werneuchen is a town in Brandenburg, Germany, in the district of Barnim northeast of Berlin within the metropolitan area.
Wilhelm Mohnke (15 March 1911 – 6 August 2001) was one of the original members of the SS-Staff Guard (Stabswache) "Berlin" formed in March 1933.
Wismar is a port and Hanseatic city in Northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XXXXI Panzer Corps (also written: Panzer Korps 41 or XLI Panzer Corps) was a tank corps in the German Army (Army) during World War II.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
The Zoo flak tower, (German: Flakturm Tiergarten, Tiergarten Flak Tower or commonly referred to as the "Zoo Tower"), was a fortified flak tower that existed in Berlin from 1941 to 1947.
The 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division Nordland (11.) was a Waffen-SS division recruited from foreign volunteers and conscripts.
The 12.8 cm FlaK 40 was a German World War II anti-aircraft gun.
The 12th Army (German: 12. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The German 18th Infantry Division was formed on 1 October 1934 as Infanterieführer III in Liegnitz and renamed 18.
The 1st Belorussian Front (Першы Беларускі фронт, alternative spellings are 1st Byelorussian Front and 1st Belarusian Front) was a major formation of the Soviet Army during World War II, being equivalent to a Western army group.
The 1st Guards Tank Army is a tank army of the Russian Ground Forces.
The 1st Ukrainian Front (Russian: Пéрвый Укрáинский фронт; Пе́рший Украї́нський фронт Péršyj Ukraḯns’kyj front) was a front—a force the size of a Western Army group—of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War.
The 20th Guards Army (originally designated as the 4th Tank Army, 4th Guards Tank Army in 1945, 4th Guards Mechanised Army in 1946, and the 20th Guards Army in 1960 within the Soviet Red Army) is a field army.
The German 20th Infantry Division was an infantry division of Nazi Germany.
The 21st Army was a German field army in World War II.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 2nd Army (German: 2. Armee Oberkommando) was a World War II field army.
The 2nd Belorussian Front (2-і Беларускі фронт, alternative spellings are 2nd Byelorussian Front and 2nd Belarusian Front) (2BF) was a military formation of Army group size of the Soviet Army during the Second World War.
The 2nd Guards Tank Army was a large military formation of the Red Army and later the Soviet Army.
The 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French) (33. and Charlemagne Regiment are collective names used for units of French volunteers in the Wehrmacht and later Waffen-SS during World War II. From estimates of 7,340 to 11,000 at its peak in 1944, the strength of the division fell to just sixty men in May 1945. They were one of the last Axis units to see action during World War II, when they participated in the defence of central Berlin and in the area of the Führerbunker. They were among the last to surrender during the final days of the Battle in Berlin.
The 3rd Guards Army was a field army of the Soviet Red Army that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.
The 3rd Guards Tank Army (3-я гвардейская танковая армия) was a tank army established by the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
The 3rd Panzer Army (3.) was a German armoured formation during World War II, formed from the 3rd Panzer Group on 1 January 1942.
The 3rd Shock Army (Третья ударная армия) was a field army of the Red Army formed during the Second World War.
The 52nd Army was a field army of the Red Army of the Soviet Union in World War II, formed twice.
The 5th Guards Army was a Soviet Guards formation which fought in many critical actions during World War II under the command of General Aleksey Semenovich Zhadov.
The 5th Shock Army was a Red Army field army of World War II.
The 69th Infantry Division, nicknamed the "fighting 69th," was a Division of the United States Army formed during World War II.
The 8th Guards Lenin Combined Arms Army is an army of the Russian Ground Forces, headquartered in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, within Russia′s Southern Military District, that was reinstated in 2017 as a successor to the 8th Guards Army of the Soviet Union's Red Army (later Soviet Army), which was formed during World War II and was disbanded in 1998 after being downsized into a corps.
The 9th Army (9.) was a World War II field army.
The 9th Parachute Division (9.Fallschirmjäger-Division) was one of the final parachute divisions to be raised by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Battle for Berlin, Battle of Berlin (1945), Battle of berlin, Berlin Offensive, Berlin Offensive Operation, Berlin Strategic Offensive, Berlin Strategic Offensive Operation, Berlin battle, Berlin strategic offensive operation, Cottbus-Potsdam Offensive, Cottbus–Potsdam Offensive, Fall of berlin, Schlacht um Berlin, Spremberg-Torgau Offensive, Spremberg–Torgau Offensive, Surrender of Berlin, The Battle of Berlin, The fall of berlin.