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Battle of Cape Gloucester

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The Battle of Cape Gloucester was fought in the Pacific theater of World War II between Japanese and Allied forces on the island of New Britain, Territory of New Guinea, between 26 December 1943 and 16 January 1944. [1]

147 relations: Admiralty Islands campaign, Air traffic control, AirSols, Aitape, Alamo Scouts, Alert area, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Arawe, Attack aircraft, Battle of Arawe, Battle of Buna–Gona, Battle of Finschhafen, Battle of Madang, Battle of Rabaul (1942), Battle of Talasea, Battle of the Coral Sea, Battle of Wide Bay–Open Bay, Beechcraft Model 18, Bomber, Bombing of Rabaul (November 1943), Buna, Papua New Guinea, Cape Gloucester, Cape Hoskins, Cape Sudest, Cape Ward Hunt, Coastwatchers, Combat air patrol, Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Crib pier, Cruiser, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Dampier Strait (Papua New Guinea), Daniel E. Barbey, Deep foundation, Destroyer, Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Douglas MacArthur, DUKW, Empire of Japan, Ennis Whitehead, Field artillery, Fifth Air Force, Fighter aircraft, Finschhafen, Frederic H. Smith Jr., Gasmata, Gazelle Peninsula, George Kenney, Goodenough Island, ..., Guadalcanal Campaign, Hardstand, High-speed transport, Humus, Huon Peninsula, Huon Peninsula campaign, Imperata cylindrica, Iwao Matsuda (general), Jayapura, Jinichi Kusaka, John T. Selden, Julian N. Frisbie, Kavieng, Kiriwina, Kokoda Track campaign, Landing at Jacquinot Bay, Landing at Lae, Landing at Saidor, Landing Craft Infantry, Landing Craft Mechanized, Landing craft tank, Landing on Long Island, Landing Ship, Tank, Landing Vehicle Tracked, LCVP (United States), Liberty ship, Lockheed P-38 Lightning, Milne Bay, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Monsoon, Nadzab, New Britain, New Guinea, No. 75 Squadron RAAF, No. 78 Squadron RAAF, No. 78 Wing RAAF, No. 80 Squadron RAAF, North American B-25 Mitchell, Odell M. Conoley, Operation Cartwheel, Operation Dexterity, Operations Reckless and Persecution, Oro Bay, Pacific Ocean Areas (command), Pacific War, Patrol boat, Port Moresby, Port Phillip, PT boat, Rabaul, Robert H. Pepper, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Navy, Russell Islands, Salamaua–Lae campaign, Samuel Eliot Morison, Seabee, Sixth United States Army, South West Pacific Area (command), Southeast Area Fleet, Squadron (aviation), Subgrade, Talasea, Task Force 76, Taxiway, Territory of New Guinea, Thirteenth Air Force, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, USS Conyngham (DD-371), Victor Crutchley, Vitiaz Strait, Volcanic ash, Walter Krueger, Wewak, William H. Harrison (USMC), William H. Rupertus, William J. Whaling, World War II, 112th Cavalry Regiment, 11th Marine Regiment (United States), 17th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 1st Marine Division (United States), 1st Marine Regiment (United States), 1st Tank Battalion, 2½-ton 6x6 truck, 35th Fighter Squadron, 40th Infantry Division (United States), 503rd Infantry Regiment (United States), 53rd Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army), 5th Marine Regiment (United States), 7th Marine Regiment (United States), 80th Fighter Squadron, 864th Engineer Battalion (United States), 8th Operations Group. Expand index (97 more) »

Admiralty Islands campaign

The Admiralty Islands campaign (Operation Brewer) was a series of battles in the New Guinea campaign of World War II in which the United States Army's 1st Cavalry Division occupied the Japanese-held Admiralty Islands.

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Air traffic control

Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.

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AirSols

AirSols was a joint command for Allied air units in the Solomon Islands campaign of World War II, from April 1943 to June 1944.

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Aitape

Aitape is a small town of about 18,001 people on the north coast of Papua New Guinea in the Sandaun Province.

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Alamo Scouts

The Alamo Scouts (U.S. 6th Army Special Reconnaissance Unit) was a reconnaissance unit of the Sixth United States Army in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.

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Alert area

An Alert Area is a place of alert for military aircraft at United States Air Force bases.

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Anti-aircraft warfare

Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).

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Arawe

Arawe (also known as Arawee, Merkus and Cape Merkus) is an area in Papua New Guinea located on the south coast of New Britain about from Cape Gloucester.

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Attack aircraft

An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.

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Battle of Arawe

The Battle of Arawe (also known as Operation Director) was fought between Allied and Japanese forces during the New Britain Campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Buna–Gona

The Battle of Buna–Gona was part of the New Guinea campaign in the Pacific Theatre during World War II.

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Battle of Finschhafen

The Battle of Finschhafen was part of the Huon Peninsula campaign during World War II and was fought between Australian and Japanese forces.

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Battle of Madang

The Battle of Madang, fought between early February and late April 1944, was the break-out and pursuit phase of the Markham and Ramu Valley – Finisterre Range and Huon Peninsula campaigns, which were part of the wider New Guinea campaign of World War II.

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Battle of Rabaul (1942)

The Battle of Rabaul, also known by the Japanese as Operation R, was fought on the island of New Britain in the Australian Territory of New Guinea, in January and February 1942.

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Battle of Talasea

The Battle of Talasea (6–9 March 1944) was a battle fought in the Pacific theater of World War II between Japanese and Allied forces.

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Battle of the Coral Sea

The Battle of the Coral Sea, fought from 4 to 8 May 1942, was a major naval battle between the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia, taking place in the Pacific Theatre of World War II.

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Battle of Wide Bay–Open Bay

The Battle of Wide Bay–Open Bay was a battle during the New Britain campaign of the Second World War.

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Beechcraft Model 18

The Beechcraft Model 18 (or "Twin Beech", as it is also known) is a 6- to 11-seat, twin-engined, low-wing, tailwheel light aircraft manufactured by the Beech Aircraft Corporation of Wichita, Kansas.

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Bomber

A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.

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Bombing of Rabaul (November 1943)

The Allies of World War II conducted an air attack upon a cruiser force at the major Japanese base of Rabaul in November 1943.

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Buna, Papua New Guinea

Buna is a village in Oro Province, Papua New Guinea.

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Cape Gloucester

Cape Gloucester (also known as Tuluvu) is a headland on the northern side of the far west of the island of New Britain, Papua New Guinea.

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Cape Hoskins

Cape Hoskins is located on the north coast of New Britain in the West New Britain Province.

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Cape Sudest

Cape Sudest is a cape in Papua New Guinea, next to Oro Bay.

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Cape Ward Hunt

Cape Ward Hunt is a cape on the north coast of Oro Province, Papua New Guinea.

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Coastwatchers

The Coastwatchers, also known as the Coast Watch Organisation, Combined Field Intelligence Service or Section C, Allied Intelligence Bureau, were Allied military intelligence operatives stationed on remote Pacific islands during World War II to observe enemy movements and rescue stranded Allied personnel.

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Combat air patrol

Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.

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Consolidated B-24 Liberator

The Consolidated B-24 Liberator is an American heavy bomber, designed by Consolidated Aircraft of San Diego, California.

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Crib pier

A crib pier is a type of pier built with the supporting columns made of 'cribs'.

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Cruiser

A cruiser is a type of warship.

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Curtiss P-40 Warhawk

The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk is an American single-engined, single-seat, all-metal fighter and ground-attack aircraft that first flew in 1938.

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Dampier Strait (Papua New Guinea)

Dampier Strait in Papua New Guinea separates Umboi Island and New Britain, linking the Bismarck Sea to the north with the Solomon Sea to the south, at.

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Daniel E. Barbey

Vice Admiral Daniel Edward Barbey (23 December 1889 – 11 March 1969) was an officer in the United States Navy who served in World War I and World War II.

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Deep foundation

A deep foundation is a type of foundation that transfers building loads to the earth farther down from the surface than a shallow foundation does to a subsurface layer or a range of depths.

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Destroyer

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Douglas C-47 Skytrain

The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.

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Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.

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DUKW

The DUKW (colloquially known as Duck) is a six-wheel-drive amphibious modification of the 2½ ton CCKW trucks used by the U.S. military during World War II and the Korean War.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Ennis Whitehead

Ennis Clement Whitehead (3 September 1895 – 12 October 1964) was an early United States Army aviator and a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.

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Field artillery

Field artillery is a category of mobile artillery used to support armies in the field.

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Fifth Air Force

The Fifth Air Force (5 AF) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).

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Fighter aircraft

A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.

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Finschhafen

Finschhafen is a town 80 kilometers east of Lae on the Huon Peninsula in Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea.

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Frederic H. Smith Jr.

Frederic Harrison Smith Jr. (June 30, 1908 – May 28, 1980) was a United States Air Force four-star general who served as Commander in Chief, U.S. Air Forces in Europe (CINCUSAFE) from 1959 to 1961; and Vice Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force (VCSAF) from 1961 to 1962.

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Gasmata

Gasmata is a village on the southern coast of New Britain, Papua New Guinea located at 6° 16' 60S 150° 19' 60E.

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Gazelle Peninsula

The Gazelle Peninsula is a large peninsula in north-eastern New Britain, Papua New Guinea, at.

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George Kenney

George Churchill Kenney (6 August 1889 – 9 August 1977) was a United States Army Air Forces general during World War II.

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Goodenough Island

Goodenough Island in the Solomon Sea (identified as Morata on the earliest maps) is the westernmost of the three large islands of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands in Milne Bay Province of Papua New Guinea.

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Guadalcanal Campaign

The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.

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Hardstand

A hardstand is a paved area for parking heavy vehicles.

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High-speed transport

High-speed transports were converted destroyers and destroyer escorts used in US Navy amphibious operations in World War II and afterward.

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Humus

In soil science, humus (derived in 1790–1800 from the Latin humus for earth, ground) denominates the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular cake structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals." Humus significantly affects the bulk density of soil and contributes to its retention of moisture and nutrients.

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Huon Peninsula

Huon Peninsula is a large rugged peninsula on the island of New Guinea in Morobe Province, eastern Papua New Guinea.

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Huon Peninsula campaign

The Huon Peninsula campaign was a series of battles fought in north-eastern Papua New Guinea in 1943–1944 during the Second World War.

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Imperata cylindrica

Imperata cylindrica (commonly known as cogongrass, kunai grass, blady grass, alang-alang, lalang grass, cotton wool grass, kura-kura) is a species of grass in the family Poaceae.

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Iwao Matsuda (general)

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, commanding Japanese ground forces in the Southwest Pacific during the closing months of World War Two.

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Jayapura

Jayapura (Kota Jayapura); is the provincial capital of Papua, Indonesia.

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Jinichi Kusaka

, was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

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John T. Selden

John Taylor Selden (March 25, 1893 - May 30, 1964) was a decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general.

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Julian N. Frisbie

Julian Neil Frisbie (November 30, 1894 – April 28, 1963) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of brigadier general, who is most noted for his service as commanding officer of the 7th Marine Regiment during the Battle of Cape Gloucester and later as warden of Southern Michigan Prison during 1952 riots.

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Kavieng

Kavieng is the capital of the Papua New Guinean province of New Ireland and the largest town on the island of the same name.

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Kiriwina

Kiriwina is the largest of the Trobriand Islands, with an area of 290.5 km².

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Kokoda Track campaign

The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign was part of the Pacific War of World War II.

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Landing at Jacquinot Bay

The Landing at Jacquinot Bay was an Allied amphibious operation undertaken on 4 November 1944 during the New Britain Campaign of World War II.

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Landing at Lae

The Landing at Lae was an amphibious landing to the east of Lae and then the subsequent advance on the town during the Salamaua–Lae campaign of World War II.

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Landing at Saidor

The Landing at Saidor (Operation Michaelmas) was an Allied amphibious landing at Saidor, Papua New Guinea on 2 January 1944 as part of Operation Dexterity during World War II.

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Landing Craft Infantry

The Landing Craft Infantry (LCI) were several classes of seagoing amphibious assault ships of the Second World War used to land large numbers of infantry directly onto beaches.

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Landing Craft Mechanized

The landing craft mechanized (LCM) also landing craft mechanical is a landing craft designed for carrying vehicles.

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Landing craft tank

The landing craft, tank (or tank landing craft) was an amphibious assault craft for landing tanks on beachheads.

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Landing on Long Island

The Landing on Long Island in the Territory of New Guinea was part of the Huon Peninsula campaign, a series of operations that made up Operation Cartwheel, General Douglas MacArthur's campaign to encircle the major Japanese base at Rabaul.

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Landing Ship, Tank

Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships built during World War II to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers.

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Landing Vehicle Tracked

The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy.

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LCVP (United States)

The landing craft, vehicle, personnel (LCVP) or Higgins boat was a landing craft used extensively in amphibious landings in World War II.

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Liberty ship

Liberty ships were a class of cargo ship built in the United States during World War II.

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Lockheed P-38 Lightning

The Lockheed P-38 Lightning is a World War II-era American piston-engined fighter aircraft.

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Milne Bay

Milne Bay is a large bay in Milne Bay Province, south-eastern Papua New Guinea.

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Mitsubishi A6M Zero

The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.

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Monsoon

Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea.

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Nadzab

Nadzab Village is in the Markham Valley, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea on the Highlands Highway.

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New Britain

New Britain (Niu Briten) is the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago (named after Otto von Bismarck) of Papua New Guinea.

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New Guinea

New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.

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No. 75 Squadron RAAF

No. 75 Squadron is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) fighter unit based at RAAF Base Tindal in the Northern Territory.

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No. 78 Squadron RAAF

No.

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No. 78 Wing RAAF

No.

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No. 80 Squadron RAAF

No.

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North American B-25 Mitchell

The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).

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Odell M. Conoley

Odell Maurice Conoley (November 9, 1913September 1, 1993) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier General, who is most noted for his service with 2nd Battalion, 7th Marines during World War II.

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Operation Cartwheel

Operation Cartwheel (1943–1944) was a major military operation for the Allies in the Pacific theatre of World War II.

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Operation Dexterity

Operation Dexterity was a military operation, part of Operation Cartwheel in the South West Pacific Area (SWPA) for the Allies in the Pacific theater of World War II.

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Operations Reckless and Persecution

Operations Reckless and Persecution were the Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape, respectively, which commenced the Western New Guinea campaign.

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Oro Bay

Oro Bay is a bay in Oro Province, Papua New Guinea, located southeast of Buna.

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Pacific Ocean Areas (command)

Pacific Ocean Areas was a major Allied military command in the Pacific Ocean theater of World War II.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

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Patrol boat

A patrol boat is a relatively small naval vessel generally designed for coastal defence duties.

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Port Moresby

(Tok Pisin: Pot Mosbi), also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea and the largest city in the South Pacific outside of Australia and New Zealand.

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Port Phillip

Port Phillip (also commonly referred to as Port Phillip Bay or (locally) just The Bay), is a large bay in southern Victoria, Australia; it is the location of Melbourne.

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PT boat

A PT boat (short for Patrol Torpedo boat) was a torpedo-armed fast attack craft used by the United States Navy in World War II.

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Rabaul

Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea.

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Robert H. Pepper

Robert Houston Pepper (April 22, 1895 - June 1, 1968) was an officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general, who is most noted for his work in the development of the Marine defense battalions during World War II and later as commanding general of the Fleet Marine Force, Pacific or 3rd Marine Division.

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Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

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Royal Australian Navy

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.

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Russell Islands

The Russell Islands are two small islands (Pavuvu and Mbanika), as well as several islets, of volcanic origin, in the Central Province of Solomon Islands.

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Salamaua–Lae campaign

The Salamaua–Lae campaign was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign of World War II.

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Samuel Eliot Morison

Samuel Eliot Morison (July 9, 1887 – May 15, 1976) was an American historian noted for his works of maritime history and American history that were both authoritative and popular.

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Seabee

United States Naval Construction Battalions, better known as the Seabees, form the Naval Construction Force (NCF) of the United States Navy.

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Sixth United States Army

Sixth Army is a field army of the United States Army.

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South West Pacific Area (command)

South West Pacific Area (SWPA) was the name given to the Allied supreme military command in the South West Pacific Theatre of World War II.

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Southeast Area Fleet

The was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy established during World War II.

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Squadron (aviation)

A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.

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Subgrade

In transport engineering, subgrade is the native material underneath a constructed road,http://www.highwaysmaintenance.com/drainage.htm The Idiots' Guide to Highways Maintenance highwaysmaintenence.com pavement or railway (US: railroad) track.

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Talasea

Talasea is a village on the Talasea Peninsula, West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea.

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Task Force 76

Expeditionary Strike Group SEVEN/Task Force 76 (Amphibious Force U.S. SEVENTH Fleet) is a United States Navy task force.

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Taxiway

A taxiway is a path for aircraft at an airport connecting runways with aprons, hangars, terminals and other facilities.

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Territory of New Guinea

The Territory of New Guinea was an Australian administered territory on the island of New Guinea from 1920 until 1975. In 1949, the Territory and the Territory of Papua were established in an administrative union by the name of the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. That administrative union was renamed as Papua New Guinea in 1971. Notwithstanding that it was part of an administrative union, the Territory of New Guinea at all times retained a distinct legal status and identity until the advent of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The initial Australian mandate was based on the previous German New Guinea, which had been captured and occupied by Australian forces during World War I. Most of the Territory of New Guinea was occupied by Japan during World War II, between 1942 and 1945. During this time, Rabaul, on the island of New Britain, became a major Japanese base (see New Guinea campaign). After World War II, the territories of Papua and New Guinea were combined in an administrative union under the Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act (1945–46).

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Thirteenth Air Force

The Thirteenth Air Force (Air Forces Pacific) (13 AF) was a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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USS Conyngham (DD-371)

The second USS Conyngham (DD-371) was a in the United States Navy before and during World War II.

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Victor Crutchley

Admiral Sir Victor Alexander Charles Crutchley (2 November 1893 – 24 January 1986) was a senior Royal Navy officer during the Second World War and a First World War recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Vitiaz Strait

Vitiaz Strait is a strait between New Britain and the Huon Peninsula, northern New Guinea.

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Volcanic ash

Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.

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Walter Krueger

Walter Krueger (26 January 1881 – 20 August 1967) was an American soldier and general officer in the first half of the 20th century.

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Wewak

Wewak is the capital of the East Sepik province of Papua New Guinea.

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William H. Harrison (USMC)

William Hartwell Harrison (October 7, 1896 - August 19, 1955) was a decorated officer of United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier General.

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William H. Rupertus

William Henry Rupertus (November 14, 1889 – March 25, 1945) was a major general in the United States Marine Corps and the author of the Rifleman's Creed.

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William J. Whaling

William John Whaling (February 26, 1894 – November 1989) was a highly decorated major general of the United States Marine Corps and an expert in jungle warfare during the Pacific War.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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112th Cavalry Regiment

The 112th Cavalry Regiment was a Texas National Guard regiment that served in several Pacific campaigns during World War II.

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11th Marine Regiment (United States)

The 11th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

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17th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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1st Marine Division (United States)

The 1st Marine Division (1st MARDIV) is a Marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

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1st Marine Regiment (United States)

The 1st Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

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1st Tank Battalion

The 1st Tank Battalion is an armor battalion of the United States Marine Corps which is based out of the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California.

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2½-ton 6x6 truck

The -ton 6x6 truck was a class of medium trucks designed for the US Armed Forces.

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35th Fighter Squadron

The 35th Fighter Squadron is a United States Air Force unit, assigned to the 8th Operations Group, stationed at Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. The squadron operates the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft conducting air superiority missions. The 35th FS is one of two squadrons of Block 40 F-16C/Ds at Kunsan, flying the Fighting Falcon since 1981. The 35th is one of the oldest squadrons in the United States Air Force, its history dating to 12 June 1917, when the unit was activated as the 35th Aero Squadron.

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40th Infantry Division (United States)

The 40th Infantry Division ("Sunshine Division") is a modular division of the United States Army.

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503rd Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 503rd Infantry Regiment, formerly the 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) and the 503rd Airborne Infantry Regiment (AIR), is an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army.

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53rd Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army)

The 53rd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment in the Imperial Japanese Army.

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5th Marine Regiment (United States)

The 5th Marine Regiment (also referred to as "5th Marines") is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

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7th Marine Regiment (United States)

The 7th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California.

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80th Fighter Squadron

The 80th Fighter Squadron (traditionally nicknamed the "Headhunters", and since 1971 also the "Juvats") is a General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon fighter squadron of the United States Air Force, currently part of the 8th Operations Group of the 8th Fighter Wing, and stationed at Kunsan Air Base, Republic of Korea.

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864th Engineer Battalion (United States)

The 864th Engineer Battalion is a combat engineer battalion of the United States Army based at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington.

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8th Operations Group

The 8th Operations Group (8 OG) is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force 8th Fighter Wing.

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Redirects here:

Battle of cape gloucester, Operation Backhander, The Battle of Cape Gloucester.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Gloucester

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