Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

Battle of Guam (1944)

+ Save concept

The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the U.S. in the 1941 First Battle of Guam during the Pacific campaign of World War II. [1]

77 relations: Agana race riot, Agat, Guam, Allen H. Turnage, Allies of World War II, Andersen Air Force Base, Andrew Davis Bruce, Apra Harbor, Asan, Guam, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Ballantine Books, Barrigada, Battle of Guam (1941), Battle of Saipan, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Beachhead, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Capture of Guam, Counterattack, Empire of Japan, Frank P. Witek, George Ray Tweed, Guam, Hagåtña, Guam, Hideyoshi Obata, Holland Smith, III Marine Expeditionary Force, Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces, Island, Japanese holdout, Landing Vehicle Tracked, Leonard F. Mason, Liberation Day, Lieutenant general, Louis H. Wilson Jr., Luther Skaggs Jr., Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Medal of Honor, Navy Unit Commendation, Nimitz Hill, Northwest Field (Guam), Orote Peninsula, Pacific War, Pacific War Museum, Philippines, Point Udall (Guam), Prisoner of war, Reconnaissance, ..., Return to Guam, Richmond K. Turner, Roy Geiger, Ryukyu Islands, Saipan, Seabee, Seppuku, Shoichi Yokoi, Taiwan, Takeshi Takashina, Talofofo Falls, Thirty-First Army (Japan), Underwater Demolition Team, United States, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Coast Guard, United States Marine Corps, United States Navy, Universal Newsreel, War in the Pacific National Historical Park, World War I, World War II, 18th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army), 1st Provisional Marine Brigade, 1st Tank Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 3rd Marine Division (United States), 77th Sustainment Brigade. Expand index (27 more) »

Agana race riot

The Agana race riot (1944) took place at Agana, Guam over the two nights of 24–25 December 1944 during the War in the Pacific and occurred between white and black members of the United States Marines.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Agana race riot · See more »

Agat, Guam

Agat (Hagat) is a village in the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Agat, Guam · See more »

Allen H. Turnage

Allen Hal Turnage (January 3, 1891 – October 22, 1971) was a United States Marine Corps General who earned the Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal while leading the 3rd Marine Division on Bougainville and Guam in World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Allen H. Turnage · See more »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Allies of World War II · See more »

Andersen Air Force Base

Andersen Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located approximately northeast of Yigo near Agafo Gumas in the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Andersen Air Force Base · See more »

Andrew Davis Bruce

Lieutenant General Andrew Davis Bruce (September 14, 1894 – July 28, 1969) was an American academic and soldier who served as the third president of the University of Houston.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Andrew Davis Bruce · See more »

Apra Harbor

Apra Harbor is a deep-water port on the western side of the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Apra Harbor · See more »

Asan, Guam

Asan (Assan) is a village located on the western shore of the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Asan, Guam · See more »

Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Attack on Pearl Harbor · See more »

Ballantine Books

Ballantine Books is a major book publisher located in the United States, founded in 1952 by Ian Ballantine with his wife, Betty Ballantine.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Ballantine Books · See more »

Barrigada

Barrigada (Barigåda) is a village in the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Barrigada · See more »

Battle of Guam (1941)

The First Battle of Guam was an engagement during the Pacific War in World War II, and took place from 8 December to 10 December 1941 on Guam in the Mariana Islands between Japan and the United States.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Battle of Guam (1941) · See more »

Battle of Saipan

The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Battle of Saipan · See more »

Battle of the Philippine Sea

The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War II that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Battle of the Philippine Sea · See more »

Beachhead

A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Beachhead · See more »

Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Boeing B-29 Superfortress · See more »

Capture of Guam

The Capture of Guam was a bloodless event between the United States and the Kingdom of Spain during the Spanish–American War.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Capture of Guam · See more »

Counterattack

A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games".

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Counterattack · See more »

Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Empire of Japan · See more »

Frank P. Witek

Private First Class Frank Peter Witek (December 10, 1921 – August 3, 1944) was a United States Marine who was killed in action on August 3, 1944, in the Battle of Finegayan, Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Frank P. Witek · See more »

George Ray Tweed

George Ray Tweed (July 2, 1902 – January 16, 1989) was a decorated radioman in the United States Navy who served during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and George Ray Tweed · See more »

Guam

Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Guam · See more »

Hagåtña, Guam

Hagåtña (formerly in English: Agana and in Spanish: Agaña), is the capital city of the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Hagåtña, Guam · See more »

Hideyoshi Obata

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Hideyoshi Obata · See more »

Holland Smith

Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith, KCB (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967) was a general in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Holland Smith · See more »

III Marine Expeditionary Force

III Marine Expeditionary Force (III MEF) is a formation of the Marine Air-Ground Task Force of the United States Marine Corps.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and III Marine Expeditionary Force · See more »

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service

The was the air arm of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service · See more »

Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces

Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces of World War II were ground combat units consisting of navy personnel organized for offensive operations and for the defense of Japanese naval facilities both overseas and in the Japanese home islands.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces · See more »

Island

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Island · See more »

Japanese holdout

or stragglers were Japanese soldiers in the Pacific Theatre who, after the August 1945 surrender of Japan ending World War II, either adamantly doubted the veracity of the formal surrender due to dogmatic militaristic principles, or simply were not aware of it because communications had been cut off by Allied advances.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Japanese holdout · See more »

Landing Vehicle Tracked

The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Landing Vehicle Tracked · See more »

Leonard F. Mason

Leonard Foster Mason (February 22, 1920 – July 22, 1944) served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Leonard F. Mason · See more »

Liberation Day

Liberation Day is a day, often a public holiday, that marks the liberation of a place, similar to an independence day.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Liberation Day · See more »

Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Lieutenant general · See more »

Louis H. Wilson Jr.

General Louis Hugh Wilson Jr. (February 11, 1920 – June 21, 2005) was a World War II recipient of the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Guam, and 26th Commandant of the Marine Corps.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Louis H. Wilson Jr. · See more »

Luther Skaggs Jr.

Luther Skaggs Jr. (March 3, 1923 – April 6, 1976) was a United States Marine who received the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions on the beachhead on Guam during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Luther Skaggs Jr. · See more »

Mariana and Palau Islands campaign

The Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, also known as Operation Forager, was an offensive launched by United States forces against Imperial Japanese forces in the Mariana Islands and Palau in the Pacific Ocean between June and November, 1944 during the Pacific War.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Mariana and Palau Islands campaign · See more »

Mariana Islands

The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Mariana Islands · See more »

Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands (Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ), is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Marshall Islands · See more »

Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Medal of Honor · See more »

Navy Unit Commendation

The Navy Unit Commendation (NUC) is a United States Navy unit award that was established by order of the Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal on 18 December 1944.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Navy Unit Commendation · See more »

Nimitz Hill

Nimitz Hill is the home of the United States Navy Commander Naval Forces Marianas located in Asan on the southern half of the island of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Nimitz Hill · See more »

Northwest Field (Guam)

Northwest Field is a former World War II airfield on Guam in the Mariana Islands.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Northwest Field (Guam) · See more »

Orote Peninsula

The Orote Peninsula is a four kilometer-long peninsula jutting from the west coast of the United States territory of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Orote Peninsula · See more »

Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Pacific War · See more »

Pacific War Museum

The Pacific War Museum is on Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Pacific War Museum · See more »

Philippines

The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Philippines · See more »

Point Udall (Guam)

Point Udall is the westernmost point (by travel, not longitude), in the territorial United States, located on the Orote Peninsula of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Point Udall (Guam) · See more »

Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Prisoner of war · See more »

Reconnaissance

In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Reconnaissance · See more »

Return to Guam

Return to Guam is a 1944 short propaganda film produced by the US Navy about the taking and recapture of the island of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Return to Guam · See more »

Richmond K. Turner

Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner (May 27, 1885 – February 12, 1961), commonly known as Admiral Kelly Turner, served in the United States Navy during World War II, and is best known for commanding the Amphibious Force during the campaign across the Pacific.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Richmond K. Turner · See more »

Roy Geiger

General Roy Stanley Geiger (January 25, 1885 – January 23, 1947) was a United States Marine Corps four-star general who served in World War I and World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Roy Geiger · See more »

Ryukyu Islands

The, also known as the or the, are a chain of islands annexed by Japan that stretch southwest from Kyushu to Taiwan: the Ōsumi, Tokara, Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima Islands (further divided into the Miyako and Yaeyama Islands), with Yonaguni the southernmost.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Ryukyu Islands · See more »

Saipan

Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Saipan · See more »

Seabee

United States Naval Construction Battalions, better known as the Seabees, form the Naval Construction Force (NCF) of the United States Navy.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Seabee · See more »

Seppuku

Seppuku (切腹, "cutting belly"), sometimes referred to as harakiri (腹切り, "abdomen/belly cutting", a native Japanese kun reading), is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Seppuku · See more »

Shoichi Yokoi

was a Japanese sergeant in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during the Second World War.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Shoichi Yokoi · See more »

Taiwan

Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Taiwan · See more »

Takeshi Takashina

was an Imperial Japanese Army general who served in the Pacific War of World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Takeshi Takashina · See more »

Talofofo Falls

The Talofofo Falls are a scenic series of cascades on the Ugum River on the island of Guam.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Talofofo Falls · See more »

Thirty-First Army (Japan)

The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Thirty-First Army (Japan) · See more »

Underwater Demolition Team

The Underwater Demolition Teams (UDT) were an elite special-purpose force established by the United States Navy during World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Underwater Demolition Team · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and United States · See more »

United States Army Center of Military History

The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and United States Army Center of Military History · See more »

United States Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and United States Coast Guard · See more »

United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and United States Marine Corps · See more »

United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and United States Navy · See more »

Universal Newsreel

Universal Newsreel (sometimes known as Universal-International Newsreel or just U-I Newsreel) was a series of 7- to 10-minute newsreels that were released twice a week between 1929 and 1967 by Universal Studios.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and Universal Newsreel · See more »

War in the Pacific National Historical Park

The War in the Pacific National Historical Park is a protected area in the United States territory of Guam, in Apra Harbor, which was established in 1978 in honor of those who participated in the Pacific Theater of World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and War in the Pacific National Historical Park · See more »

World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and World War I · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and World War II · See more »

18th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry regiment in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and 18th Infantry Regiment (Imperial Japanese Army) · See more »

1st Provisional Marine Brigade

The 1st Provisional Marine Brigade was a Marine infantry brigade of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) that existed periodically from 1912 to 1950.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and 1st Provisional Marine Brigade · See more »

1st Tank Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The, was one of four armored divisions of the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and 1st Tank Division (Imperial Japanese Army) · See more »

3rd Marine Division (United States)

The 3rd Marine Division is an infantry division of the United States Marine Corps based at Camp Courtney, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler and Okinawa, Japan.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and 3rd Marine Division (United States) · See more »

77th Sustainment Brigade

The 77th Sustainment Brigade is a unit of the United States Army that inherited the lineage of the 77th Infantry Division ("Statue of Liberty"), which served in World War I and World War II.

New!!: Battle of Guam (1944) and 77th Sustainment Brigade · See more »

Redirects here:

Invasion of Guam, Liberation of Guam, Second Battle of Guam.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Guam_(1944)

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »