231 relations: Aerial bomb, Air supremacy, Aircraft pilot, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Arlington County, Virginia, Arlington National Cemetery, Artillery, Associated Press, Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces, Banzai charge, Battle of Eniwetok, Battle of Kwajalein, Battle of Leyte, Battle of Okinawa, Battle of Peleliu, Battle of Saipan, Battle of the Philippine Sea, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, British Army, Bronze Star Medal, Bunker, Canadian Army, Caroline Islands, Central Field (Iwo Jima), Chester W. Nimitz, Chichijima, Chuuk Lagoon, Clifton B. Cates, Clint Eastwood, Close air support, Code talker, Corps, Counterattack, Darrell S. Cole, David A. Stafford, Defence in depth, Defensive fighting position, Destroyer, Destroyer escort, Dog tag, Edward A. Craig, Escort carrier, Fast Carrier Task Force, Federal government of the United States, Felix de Weldon, Fighter aircraft, Flag of the United States, Flags of Our Fathers, Flags of Our Fathers (film), ..., Flame tank, Flamethrower, Fortification, Fragmentation (weaponry), Franklin A. Hart, Franklin Sousley, Funeral, Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, Glamour Gal, Graves B. Erskine, Grenade, Guadalcanal Campaign, Guerrilla warfare, Harlon Block, Harold G. Schrier, Harold Schultz, Harry B. Liversedge, Harry L. Martin, Harry Schmidt (USMC), Harry W. Hill, Heavy cruiser, Henry Oliver Hansen, Hershel W. Williams, Hideyoshi Obata, History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Holland Smith, Honshu, Hospital corpsman, IMDb, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy, Infantry, Internet Archive, Ira Hayes, Iwo Jima, James Bradley (author), James Forrestal, Japan, Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, Japanese holdout, Joe Rosenthal, John Basilone, John Bradley (United States Navy), John R. Lanigan, John Toland (author), John Wayne, Kamikaze, Keller E. Rockey, Kyodo News, Land mine, Landing Vehicle Tracked, Leo D. Hermle, Letters from Iwo Jima, List of naval and land-based operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II, Louis R. Lowery, M2 flamethrower, M4 Sherman, Machine gun, Marc Mitscher, Mariana Islands, Marine Corps War Memorial, Massachusetts, Medal of Honor, Merton J. Batchelder, Michael Strank, Military air base, Military aircraft, Mount Suribachi, Naval artillery, Naval fleet, Naval gunfire support, Naval History and Heritage Command, Navy Department Library, Newsweek, North American P-51 Mustang, Okinawa Prefecture, Operation Downfall, Operation Hailstone, Operation Scavenger, Pacific War, Palau, Philippines, Pillbox (military), Pulitzer Prize for Photography, Radar, Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, Ray A. Robinson, Raymond A. Spruance, Rene Gagnon, Richmond K. Turner, Rinosuke Ichimaru, Robert E. Hogaboom, Robert Sherrod, Rocket, Rota (island), Royal Australian Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Navy, Royal New Zealand Navy, Rufus G. Herring, Saipan, Sands of Iwo Jima, Satchel charge, SCR-610, Seabee, Senda Sadasue, Seppuku, Seventh Air Force, Solomon Islands, South Field (Iwo Jima), Steven Spielberg, Strategic bombing, Submarine, Tadamichi Kuribayashi, Taiwan, Takeichi Nishi, Tank, The Japan Times, The Journal of Military History, The Outsider (1961 film), The Pacific (miniseries), The Rising Sun, The World at War, Thirty-First Army (Japan), Thomas A. Wornham, To the Shores of Iwo Jima, Tom Hanks, Tony Curtis, Tony Stein, Type 98 320 mm mortar, Underwater Demolition Team, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, United States Coast Guard, United States Fifth Fleet, United States Marine Corps, United States Marine Corps History Division, United States Marine Corps rank insignia, United States Naval Academy, United States Navy, Universal Newsreel, University of North Texas, USS Bismarck Sea, USS Lunga Point, USS Saratoga (CV-3), V Amphibious Corps, Virginia, Vision Forum, Volcano Islands, Walkie-talkie, Walter W. Wensinger, Warship, William A. Worton, William H. P. Blandy, William R. Collins, William V. Pratt, William W. Rogers, World War II, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, 109th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 12th Marine Regiment (United States), 13th Marine Regiment (United States), 147th Infantry Regiment (United States), 14th Marine Regiment (United States), 15th Wing, 21st Marine Regiment (United States), 23rd Marine Regiment (United States), 24th Marine Regiment (United States), 25th Marine Regiment (United States), 26th Marine Regiment (United States), 27th Marine Regiment (United States), 28th Marine Regiment (United States), 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines, 2nd Independent Mixed Brigade (Imperial Japanese Army), 3rd Marine Division (United States), 3rd Marine Regiment (United States), 4th Marine Division (United States), 5th Marine Division (United States), 9th Marine Regiment (United States), 9th Reconnaissance Wing. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
An aerial bomb is a type of explosive or incendiary weapon intended to travel through the air on a predictable trajectory, usually designed to be dropped from an aircraft.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia.
Arlington National Cemetery is a United States military cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., in whose the dead of the nation's conflicts have been buried, beginning with the Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The United States Armed Forces awards and decorations are primarily the medals, service ribbons, and specific badges which recognize military service and personal accomplishments while a member of the U.S. Armed Forces.
A banzai charge is the term used by the Allied forces to refer to Japanese human wave attacks mounted by infantry units.
The Battle of Eniwetok was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought between 17 February 1944 and 23 February 1944, on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
The Battle of Kwajalein was fought as part of the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Leyte (Filipino: Labanan sa Leyte, Waray: Gubat ha Leyte, 17 October - 26 December 1944) in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the amphibious invasion of the island of Leyte in the Philippines by American forces and Filipino guerrillas under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, who fought against the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines led by General Tomoyuki Yamashita.
The (Uchinaa ikusa), codenamed Operation Iceberg, was a major battle of the Pacific War fought on the island of Okinawa by United States Marine and Army forces against the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Battle of Peleliu, codenamed Operation Stalemate II by the United States military, was fought between the U.S. and Japan during the Mariana and Palau Campaign of World War II, from September to November 1944, on the island of Peleliu.
The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.
The Battle of the Philippine Sea (June 19–20, 1944) was a major naval battle of World War II that eliminated the Imperial Japanese Navy's ability to conduct large-scale carrier actions.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Bronze Star Medal, unofficially the Bronze Star, is a United States decoration awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces for either heroic achievement, heroic service, meritorious achievement, or meritorious service in a combat zone.
A bunker is a defensive military fortification designed to protect people or valued materials from falling bombs or other attacks.
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.
Central Field or Iwo Jima Air Base is a World War II airfield on Iwo Jima in the Bonin Islands, located in the Central Pacific.
Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (February 24, 1885February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy.
, formerly known as Peel Island and in the 19th century known to the English as part of the Bonin Islands, is the largest island in the Ogasawara archipelago.
Chuuk Lagoon, also previously known as Truk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific.
Clifton B. Cates (born Clifton Bledsoe Cates; August 31, 1893 – June 4, 1970) served as the 19th Commandant of the Marine Corps from 1948 to 1951.
Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
Code talkers are people in the 20th century who used obscure languages as a means of secret communication during wartime.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games".
Sergeant Darrell Samuel Cole (July 20, 1920 – February 19, 1945) was a United States Marine who posthumously received the United States' highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his "conspicuous gallantry" at the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II.
David Anderson Stafford (October 16, 1893 - July 21, 1959) was a decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier General.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
A defensive fighting position (DFP) is a type of earthwork constructed in a military context, generally large enough to accommodate anything from one man to a small number of soldiers.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Destroyer escort (DE) was the United States Navy mid-20th-century classification for a warship designed with endurance to escort mid-ocean convoys of merchant marine ships.
"Dog tag" is an informal but common term for the type of identification tag worn by military personnel.
Edward Arthur Craig (November 22, 1896 — December 11, 1994) was a commissioned officer in the United States Marine Corps, and a decorated combat veteran of World War II and the Korean War who eventually attained the rank of lieutenant general.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
The Fast Carrier Task Force was the main striking force of the United States Navy in the Pacific War from January 1944 through the end of the war in August 1945.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Felix Weihs de Weldon (April 12, 1907 – June 3, 2003) was an Austrian-born American sculptor.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.
Flags of Our Fathers (2000) is a New York Times bestselling book by James Bradley with Ron Powers about the six United States Marines who would eventually be made famous by Joe Rosenthal's lauded photograph of the flag raising at Iwo Jima, one of the costliest and most horrifying battles of World War II's Pacific Theater.
Flags of Our Fathers is a 2006 American war film directed, co-produced, and scored by Clint Eastwood and written by William Broyles, Jr., and Paul Haggis.
A flame tank is a type of tank equipped with a flamethrower, most commonly used to supplement combined arms attacks against fortifications, confined spaces, or other obstacles.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Fragmentation is the process by which the casing of an artillery or mortar shell, rocket, missile, bomb, grenade, etc.
Franklin Augustus Hart (September 16, 1894 – June 22, 1967) was a four-star general in the United States Marine Corps who served more than thirty-seven years.
Franklin Runyon Sousley (September 19, 1925 – March 21, 1945) was a United States Marine who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
A funeral is a ceremony connected with the burial, cremation, or interment of a corpse, or the burial (or equivalent) with the attendant observances.
The Gilbert and Marshall Islands Campaign were a series of battles fought from November 1943 through February 1944, in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the United States and the Empire of Japan.
Glamour Gal is a 1945 propaganda film documentary film about the eponymous large artillery gun and the ten Marines who work her, "a team of eleven".
General Graves Blanchard Erskine (June 28, 1897May 21, 1973) was a United States Marine Corps officer who led the 3rd Marine Division during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943 on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.
Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
Harlon Henry Block (November 6, 1924 – March 1, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps corporal who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
Harold George Schrier (October 17, 1916 – June 3, 1971) was a United States Marine Corps lieutenant colonel who served in World War II and the Korean War and received the Navy Cross, the nation's second highest military award for valor.
Harold Henry Schultz (January 28, 1925 - May 16, 1995) was a United States Marine corporal who helped raise the second U.S. flag (a replacement flag) on top of Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945, during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
Brigadier General Harry Bluett Liversedge (September 21, 1894 – November 25, 1951), whose regiment figured in the historic raising the flag on Iwo Jima, was a United States Marine who died in 1951 after almost 25 years of service.
First Lieutenant Harry Linn Martin (January 4, 1911 - March 26, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps officer who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for his actions on Iwo Jima on March 26, 1945.
Harry Schmidt (September 25, 1886 – February 10, 1968) was a United States Marine Corps general.
Harry Wilbur Hill (7 April 1890 – July 19, 1971) was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II.
The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) of whose design parameters were dictated by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
Henry Oliver "Hank" Hansen (December 14, 1919 – March 1, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps sergeant who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
Hershel Woodrow "Woody" Williams (born October 2, 1923) is a retired United States Marine Corps warrant officer and United States Department of Veterans Affairs veterans service representative who received the United States military's highest decoration for valor—the Medal of Honor—for heroism above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
The History of United States Naval Operations in World War II is a 15-volume account of the United States Navy in World War II, written by Samuel Eliot Morison and published by Little, Brown and Company between 1947 and 1962.
Holland McTyeire "Howlin' Mad" Smith, KCB (April 20, 1882 – January 12, 1967) was a general in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.
Honshu is the largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits.
A hospital corpsman (HM) (or corpsman for short) is an enlisted medical specialist of the United States Navy, who may also serve in a U.S. Marine Corps unit.
IMDb, also known as Internet Movie Database, is an online database of information related to world films, television programs, home videos and video games, and internet streams, including cast, production crew and personnel biographies, plot summaries, trivia, and fan reviews and ratings.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Internet Archive is a San Francisco–based nonprofit digital library with the stated mission of "universal access to all knowledge." It provides free public access to collections of digitized materials, including websites, software applications/games, music, movies/videos, moving images, and nearly three million public-domain books.
Ira Hamilton Hayes (January 12, 1923 – January 24, 1955) was a Pima Native American and a United States Marine who was one of the six flag raisers immortalized in the iconic photograph of the flag raising on Iwo Jima during World War II.
, known in English as Iwo Jima, is one of the Japanese Volcano Islands and lies south of the Ogasawara Islands.
James Bradley (born 1954) is an American author, specializing in historical nonfiction chronicling the Pacific theatre of World War II.
James Vincent Forrestal (February 15, 1892 – May 22, 1949) was the last Cabinet-level United States Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
During World War II, a series of Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands took place between November 1944 and January 1945.
or stragglers were Japanese soldiers in the Pacific Theatre who, after the August 1945 surrender of Japan ending World War II, either adamantly doubted the veracity of the formal surrender due to dogmatic militaristic principles, or simply were not aware of it because communications had been cut off by Allied advances.
Joseph John Rosenthal (October 9, 1911 – August 20, 2006) was an American photographer who received the Pulitzer Prize for his iconic World War II photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, taken during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
John Basilone (November 4, 1916 – February 19, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps gunnery sergeant who was killed in action during World War II.
John Henry "Jack" "Doc" Bradley (July 10, 1923 – January 11, 1994) was a United States Navy Hospital corpsman who was awarded the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism in combat on February 21, 1945 while assigned to a U.S. Marine Corps rifle company during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
John Ralph Lanigan (April 16, 1902 - May 24, 1974) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier General.
John Willard Toland (June 29, 1912 – January 4, 2004) was an American writer and historian.
Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed "The Duke", was an American actor and filmmaker.
, officially, were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who initiated suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than possible with conventional air attacks.
Keller Emrick Rockey (September 22, 1888 – June 6, 1970) was a highly decorated Lieutenant General in the United States Marine Corps, who commanded the Fifth Marine Division in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II and the Third Amphibious Corps during the occupation of North China following the war.
is a nonprofit cooperative news agency based in Minato, Tokyo.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy.
Leo David "Dutch" Hermle (June 30, 1890 – January 21, 1976) was a highly decorated officer in the United States Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general.
is a 2006 Japanese-American war film directed and co-produced by Clint Eastwood, starring Ken Watanabe and Kazunari Ninomiya.
List of codenames of naval and land based operations in the Pacific Theater during World War II including Japan, Oceania, and the Pacific Rim.
Louis R. "Lou" Lowery (July 24, 1916 – April 15, 1987) was a United States Marine Corps captain.
The M2 flamethrower was an American man-portable backpack flamethrower that was used in World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Marc Andrew "Pete" Mitscher (January 26, 1887 – February 3, 1947) was a pioneer in naval aviation who became an admiral in the United States Navy, and served as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the Pacific during the latter half of World War II.
The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas) are a crescent-shaped archipelago comprising the summits of fifteen mostly dormant volcanic mountains in the western North Pacific Ocean, between the 12th and 21st parallels north and along the 145th meridian east.
The United States Marine Corps War Memorial (Iwo Jima Memorial) is a national memorial located in Arlington County, Virginia, in the United States.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
The Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest and most prestigious personal military decoration that may be awarded to recognize U.S. military service members who distinguished themselves by acts of valor.
Merton Jennings Batchelder (March 5, 1896 – November 26, 1975) was an officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of brigadier general, who served as commanding officer of 25th Marine Regiment and later as chief of staff of 4th Marine Division during World War II.
Michael Strank (November 10, 1919 – March 1, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps sergeant who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II.
A military air base (sometimes referred to as a military airfield, military airport, air force station, air force base or short air base) is an aerodrome (military base) used by a military force for the operation of military aircraft.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
Mount Suribachi (JPN.: 摺鉢山, Suribachiyama) is a 169 m high mountain at the southwest end of the island Iwo Jima (now officially Iō-tō) in the northwest Pacific Ocean, under the administration of Ogasawara Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.
Naval artillery is artillery mounted on a warship, originally used only for naval warfare, later also for naval gunfire support against targets on land, and for anti-aircraft use.
A fleet or naval fleet is a large formation of warships, which is controlled by one leader and the largest formation in any navy.
Naval gunfire support (NGFS) (also known as shore bombardment) is the use of naval artillery to provide fire support for amphibious assault and other troops operating within their range.
The Naval History and Heritage Command, formerly the Naval Historical Center, is an Echelon II command responsible for the preservation, analysis, and dissemination of U.S. naval history and heritage located at the historic Washington Navy Yard.
The Navy Department Library is the official library of the United States Department of the Navy.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
The North American Aviation P-51 Mustang is an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II and the Korean War, among other conflicts.
is the southernmost prefecture of Japan.
Operation Downfall was the proposed Allied plan for the invasion of Japan near the end of World War II.
Operation Hailstone (known in Japan as トラック島空襲 Torakku-tō Kūshū, lit. "the airstrike on Truk Island"), 17–18 February 1944, was a massive United States Navy air and surface attack on Truk Lagoon conducted as part of the Allies' offensive drive against the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) through the Pacific Ocean theater during World War II.
During World War II, Operation Scavenger was the aerial bombardment of Iwo Jima and the Bonin Islands on 4–5 August 1944, as part of the preparation for the invasion and other fighting around the Marianas Islands.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Palau (historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.
The Pulitzer Prize for Photography was one of the American Pulitzer Prizes annually awarded for journalism.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima is an iconic photograph taken by Joe Rosenthal on February 23, 1945, which depicts six United States Marines raising a U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi, during the Battle of Iwo Jima, in World War II.
General Ray Albert Robinson (June 1, 1896 – March 26, 1976) was a United States Marine Corps general who served in the Corps more than 40 years.
Raymond Ames Spruance (July 3, 1886 – December 13, 1969) was a United States Navy admiral in World War II.
René Arthur Gagnon (March 7, 1925 – October 12, 1979) was a United States Marine Corps corporal who participated in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II.
Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner (May 27, 1885 – February 12, 1961), commonly known as Admiral Kelly Turner, served in the United States Navy during World War II, and is best known for commanding the Amphibious Force during the campaign across the Pacific.
Toshinosuke Ichimaru, also known as Rinosuke Ichimaru (市丸利之助 Ichimaru rinosuke, Karatsu, September 20, 1891 - Iwo Jima, March 26, 1945), was a Japanese admiral and aviator of the Second World War.
Robert Edward Hogaboom (November 13, 1902 – November 11, 1993) was a United States Marine Corps four-star general who served as Chief of Staff, Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps.
Robert Lee Sherrod (February 8, 1909 – February 13, 1994) was an American journalist, editor and author.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
Rota (Chamorro: Luta) also known as the "Friendly Island", is the southernmost island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and the second southernmost of the Marianas Archipelago.
The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force.
The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN; French: Marine royale canadienne) is the naval force of Canada.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal New Zealand Navy (RNZN; Maori: Te Taua Moana o Aotearoa, "Warriors of the Sea of New Zealand") is the maritime arm of the New Zealand Defence Force. The fleet currently consists of ten ships and eight naval helicopters.
Rufus Geddie Herring (June 11, 1921 – January 31, 1996) was a United States Naval Reserve officer and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II.
Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.
Sands of Iwo Jima is a 1949 war film starring John Wayne that follows a group of United States Marines from training to the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II.
Weapons used in the Winter War. The original Finnish satchel charge is on the left. A satchel charge is a demolition device, primarily intended for combat, whose primary components are a charge of dynamite or a more potent explosive such as C-4 plastic explosive, a carrying device functionally similar to a satchel or messenger bag, and a triggering mechanism; the term covers both improvised and formally designed devices.
The SCR-610 was a Signal Corps Radio used by the U.S. Army during and after World War II, for short range ground communications, it was standardized 29 Sept.
United States Naval Construction Battalions, better known as the Seabees, form the Naval Construction Force (NCF) of the United States Navy.
was a lieutenant general of the Imperial Japanese Army.
Seppuku (切腹, "cutting belly"), sometimes referred to as harakiri (腹切り, "abdomen/belly cutting", a native Japanese kun reading), is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment.
United States Air Forces Korea and USAFK redirect here. The Seventh Air Force (Air Forces Korea) (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force of the United States Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).
Solomon Islands is a sovereign country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of.
South Field was a World War II airfield on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands, located in the Central Pacific.
Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is an American filmmaker.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
General was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, part-time writer, haiku poet, diplomat, and commanding officer of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Colonel Baron was an Imperial Japanese Army officer, equestrian show jumper, and Olympic Gold Medalist at the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
The Japan Times is Japan's largest and oldest English-language daily newspaper.
The Journal of Military History is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering the military history of all times and places.
The Outsider is a 1961 biopic film about Ira Hayes, a Native American who fought in World War II in the United States Marine Corps and was one of the Marines who raised the flag on Iwo Jima.
The Pacific is a 2010 American television series produced by HBO, Playtone, and DreamWorks that premiered in the United States on March 14, 2010.
The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945, written by John Toland, was published by Random House in 1970 and won the 1971 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction.
The World at War (1973–74) is a 26-episode British television documentary series chronicling the events of the Second World War.
The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Thomas Andrews Wornham (December 12, 1903 – December 17, 1984) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of lieutenant general.
To the Shores of Iwo Jima is a 1945 Kodachrome color short war film produced by the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps.
Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz; June 3, 1925September 29, 2010) was an American film actor whose career spanned six decades but who was mostly popular in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Tony Stein (September 30, 1921 – March 1, 1945) was a United States Marine who posthumously received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions in World War II.
The, known by the nickname "Ghost rockets", was an artillery weapon used by the Japanese military during World War II, especially during the Battle of Iwo Jima.
The Underwater Demolition Teams (UDT) were an elite special-purpose force established by the United States Navy during World War II.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services.
The Fifth Fleet is a numbered fleet of the United States Navy.
The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting amphibious operations with the United States Navy.
The United States Marine Corps History Division is a branch of Headquarters Marine Corps tasked with researching, writing, and maintaining the History of the United States Marine Corps.
Marine ranks in ascending order, with tables indicating abbreviations in the style used by the United States Marine Corps, pay grades, and rank insignia.
The United States Naval Academy (also known as USNA, Annapolis, or simply Navy) is a four-year coeducational federal service academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Universal Newsreel (sometimes known as Universal-International Newsreel or just U-I Newsreel) was a series of 7- to 10-minute newsreels that were released twice a week between 1929 and 1967 by Universal Studios.
The University of North Texas (UNT) is a public research institution in Denton with programs in natural, formal, and social sciences, engineering, liberal arts, fine arts, performing arts, humanities, public policy, graduate professional education, and post-doc research.
USS Bismarck Sea (CVE-95) was a ''Casablanca'' class escort carrier of the United States Navy.
USS Lunga Point (CVE-94), originally Alazon Bay, was a ''Casablanca'' class escort carrier.
USS Saratoga (CV-3) was a built for the United States Navy during the 1920s.
The V Amphibious Corps (VAC) was a formation of the United States Marine Corps which was composed of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions in World War II.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Vision Forum was an evangelical Christian organization based in San Antonio, Texas.
The or are a group of three Japanese islands south of the Bonin Islands that belong to the municipality of Ogasawara, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan.
A walkie-talkie (more formally known as a handheld transceiver, or HT) is a hand-held, portable, two-way radio transceiver.
Walter William Wensinger (September 4, 1894July 10, 1972) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Lieutenant General.
A warship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare.
William Arthur Worton (January 4, 1897 – July 25, 1973) was a Marine Corps major general, who served in the Pacific Theater during the World War II.
William Henry Purnell Blandy (June 28, 1890 – January 12, 1954), known to friends as "Spike", was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II.
William Robert Collins (February 5, 1913 - October 16, 1991) was a highly decorated officer of United States Marine Corps with the rank of Major General.
William Veazie Pratt (28 February 1869 – 25 November 1957) was an admiral in the United States Navy.
William Walter Rogers (December 25, 1893 – October 15, 1976) was a highly decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Major General, who served as staff officer in the Asiatic-Pacific Theater during World War II.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
is a city in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
The 12th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Camp Smedley Butler, Okinawa, Japan.
The 13th Marine Regiment (13th Marines) is an inactivated United States Marine Corps infantry and later artillery regiment.
The 147th Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Ohio Army National Guard.
The 14th Marine Regiment (14th Marines) is a reserve artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps consisting of three artillery battalions and a headquarters battery.
The 15th Wing is a wing of the United States Air Force at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii.
The 21st Marine Regiment (21st Marines) was an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 23rd Marine Regiment (23rd Marines) is a reserve infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 24th Marine Regiment (24th Marines) was one of three infantry regiments in the 4th Marine Division of the United States Marine Corps.
The 25th Marine Regiment (25th Marines) is one of two infantry regiments in the 4th Marine Division of the United States Marine Corps.
The 26th Marine Regiment (26th Marines) is an inactivated infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 27th Marine Regiment (27th Marines) is an inactivated infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 28th Marine Regiment (28th Marines) is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 2nd Battalion, 28th Marine Regiment (2nd Battalion, 28th Marines) is an infantry battalion of the United States Marine Corps.
The 2nd Independent Mixed Brigade or 2nd Mixed Brigade of the Imperial Japanese Army was formed on 10 February 1938, from five battalions already attached to the Mongolia Garrison Army, of the 109th Division (first formation).
The 3rd Marine Division is an infantry division of the United States Marine Corps based at Camp Courtney, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler and Okinawa, Japan.
The 3rd Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Hawaii.
The 4th Marine Division is a reserve division in the United States Marine Corps.
The 5th Marine Division was a United States Marine Corps ground combat division which was activated on 11 November 1943 (officially activated on 21 January 1944) at Camp Pendleton, California during World War II.
The 9th Marine Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps.
The 9th Reconnaissance Wing (9 RW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Twenty-Fifth Air Force.