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Battle of Jerusalem

Index Battle of Jerusalem

The Battle of Jerusalem occurred during the British Empire's "Jerusalem Operations" against the Ottoman Empire, when fighting for the city developed from 17 November, continuing after the surrender until 30 December 1917, to secure the final objective of the Southern Palestine Offensive during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. Before Jerusalem could be secured, two battles were recognised by the British as being fought in the Judean Hills to the north and east of the Hebron–Junction Station line. [1]

183 relations: Abu Ghosh, Abu Shusha, Al Jib, Al-Bireh, Al-Burj, Ramle, Al-Qastal, Jerusalem, Al-Ram, Al-Shaykh Muwannis, Al-Tina, Ali Fuat Cebesoy, ANZAC Mounted Division, Artillery battery, Ashkelon, Australian Mounted Division, Baghdad, Barfiliya, Battle of Beersheba (1917), Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Caporetto, Battle of El Burj, Battle of Hareira and Sheria, Battle of Jaffa (1917), Battle of Katia, Battle of Magdhaba, Battle of Mughar Ridge, Battle of Nebi Samwil, Battle of Rafa, Battle of Romani, Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe, Bayt Jibrin, Bayt Nabala, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment, Beersheba, Beit Duqqu, Beit Hanoun, Beit Jala, Beit Liqya, Beit Sira, Beit Ur al-Fauqa, Beit Ur al-Tahta, Beitunia, Berkshire Yeomanry, Bethlehem, Bolsheviks, British Empire, Cevat Çobanlı, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Commander-in-chief, David Lloyd George, Dayr Tarif, ..., Deir al-Balah, Desert Mounted Corps, Devonshire Regiment, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, Edward Bulfin, Edward Chaytor, Egyptian Camel Transport Corps, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Egyptian Labour Corps, Eighth Army (Ottoman Empire), Ein 'Arik, Erich von Falkenhayn, Essex Brigade, Essex Regiment, Fevzi Çakmak, Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, Gaza City, General (Germany), George Barrow (Indian Army officer), German Empire, Gibeah, Greatcoat, Gurkha, Harry Chauvel, Hebron, Highland Light Infantry, Huj, Gaza, Hussein al-Husayni, III Corps (Ottoman Empire), Imperial Camel Corps, Imperial Russian Army, Imperial War Cabinet, Imwas, Jaffa, Jaffa Gate, Jarisha, Jericho, Jerusalem, John Shea (Indian Army officer), Judaean Mountains, Julis, Gaza, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, Lakhish River, Latrun, Lieutenant general (Australia), Lightering, Line of communication, Lod, London Regiment (1908–1938), Mandatory Palestine, Mayor of Jerusalem, Mecca, Mediterranean Sea, Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, Military of the Ottoman Empire, Mills bomb, Mutasarrıf, Nabi Samwil, Nablus, Nablus Road, New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, No. 1 Squadron RAAF, No. 111 Squadron RAF, No. 113 Squadron RAF, Northamptonshire Regiment, October Revolution, Old City (Jerusalem), Ordnance QF 13-pounder, Ottoman Empire, Palestine (region), Petah Tikva, Philip Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, Picket (military), Presidencies and provinces of British India, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry, Rafat, Jerusalem, Ramallah, Ramla, Rishon LeZion, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Australian Army Service Corps, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, Royal Horse Artillery, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Russia, Sangar (fortification), Saris, Seventh Army (Ottoman Empire), Sha'ar HaGai, Shilta, Shock tactics, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Sir William Robertson, 1st Baronet, Solomon's Pools, Southern Palestine Offensive, Stielhandgranate, Summil, Third Battle of Gaza, Troop, Tulkarm, Vickers machine gun, Western Front (World War I), Wilhelma, Palestine, World War I, XX Corps (Ottoman Empire), XX Corps (United Kingdom), XXI Corps (United Kingdom), Yalo, Yarkon River, Yeomanry Mounted Division, Yildirim Army Group, 10th (Irish) Division, 12th Light Horse Regiment (Australia), 162nd (East Midland) Brigade, 179th (2/4th London) Brigade, 180th (2/5th London) Brigade, 1917 French Army mutinies, 229th Brigade (United Kingdom), 232nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 234th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Light Horse Brigade, 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), 4th Light Horse Brigade, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, 58th Vaughan's Rifles (Frontier Force), 60th (2/2nd London) Division, 74th (Yeomanry) Division, 75th Division (United Kingdom), 9th Light Horse Regiment (Australia). Expand index (133 more) »

Abu Ghosh

Abu Ghosh (أبو غوش; אבו גוש) is an Arab-Israeli local council in Israel, located west of Jerusalem on the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway.

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Abu Shusha

Abu Shusha (ابو شوشة) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine, located 8 km southeast of Ramle.

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Al Jib

Al Jib or al-Jib (الجيب) is a Palestinian village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located ten kilometers northwest of Jerusalem, in the seam zone of the West Bank.

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Al-Bireh

Al-Bireh, al-Birah, or el-Bira (البيرة; also known historically as Castrum Mahomeria, Magna Mahomeria, Mahomeria Major, Birra, or Beirothah) is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank, north of Jerusalem.

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Al-Burj, Ramle

Al-Burj (البرج) was a Palestinian Arab village 14 km east of Ramle close to the highway to Ramallah, which was depopulated in 1948.

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Al-Qastal, Jerusalem

Al-Qastal ("Kastel", القسطل) was a Palestinian village located eight kilometers west of Jerusalem named for a Crusader castle located on the hilltop.

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Al-Ram

Al-Ram, A-Ram, Er Ram or al-Ramm (الرّام) is a Palestinian town which lies northeast of Jerusalem, just outside the city's municipal border.

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Al-Shaykh Muwannis

Al-Shaykh Muwannis (الشيخ مونّس), also Sheikh Munis, was a small Palestinian Arab village in the Jaffa Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine, located approximately 8.5 kilometers from the center of Jaffa city in territory earmarked for Jewish statehood under the UN Partition Plan.

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Al-Tina

Al-Tina was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine.

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Ali Fuat Cebesoy

Ali Fuat Cebesoy (September 1882,Ayfer Özçelik, Ali Fuad Cepesoy, Akçağ Yayınları, 1993,, p. 1. Constantinople (Istanbul) – January 10, 1968, Istanbul) was a Turkish army officer and politician.

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ANZAC Mounted Division

The Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division was a mounted infantry division of the British Empire during the First World War.

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Artillery battery

In military organizations, an artillery battery is a unit of artillery, mortars, rocket artillery, multiple rocket launchers, surface to surface missiles, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles etc, so grouped to facilitate better battlefield communication and command and control, as well as to provide dispersion for its constituent gunnery crews and their systems.

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Ashkelon

Ashkelon (also spelled Ashqelon and Ascalon; help; عَسْقَلَان) is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, south of Tel Aviv, and north of the border with the Gaza Strip.

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Australian Mounted Division

The Australian Mounted Division originally formed as the Imperial Mounted Division in January 1917, was a mounted infantry, light horse and yeomanry division.

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Baghdad

Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.

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Barfiliya

Barfiliya (برفيلية) was a Palestinian village located east of Ramla that was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

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Battle of Beersheba (1917)

The Battle of Beersheba (Birüssebi Muharebesi, Schlacht von Birüssebi)The several battles fought for the Gaza to Beersheba line between 31 October and 7 November were all assigned the title Third Battle of Gaza, although they took place many miles apart, and were fought by different corps.

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Battle of Cambrai (1917)

The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.

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Battle of Caporetto

The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, the Battle of Kobarid or the Battle of Karfreit as it was known by the Central Powers) was a battle on the Austro-Italian front of World War I. The battle was fought between the Entente and the Central Powers and took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid (now in north-western Slovenia, then part of the Austrian Littoral).

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Battle of El Burj

The Battle of El Burj (1 December 1917) was an engagement fought during the Battle of Jerusalem in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

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Battle of Hareira and Sheria

The Battle of Hareira and Sheria was fought on 6–7 November 1917 when the Egyptian Expeditionary Force attacked and captured the Yildirim Army Group's defensive systems protecting Hareira and Sheria in the centre of the Gaza to Beersheba line, during the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in World War I. These defensive systems, which had successfully repelled frontal attacks during the Second Battle of Gaza, became vulnerable, after a six months' stalemate, to a flanking manoeuvre by the XX Corps on 6 November.

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Battle of Jaffa (1917)

The Battle of Jaffa was an engagement fought during the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in World War I, between the Egyptian Expeditionary Force of the British Empire on one side and the Yildirim Army Group of the Ottoman Empire and German Empires on the other.

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Battle of Katia

The Battle of Katia, also known as the Affair of Qatia by the British, was an engagement fought east of the Suez Canal and north of El Ferdan Station, in the vicinity of Katia and Oghratina, on 23 April 1916 during the Defence of the Suez Canal Campaign of World War I. An Ottoman force led by the German General Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein made a surprise attack on three and a half squadrons of the British 5th Mounted Brigade, which was widely scattered to the east of Romani.

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Battle of Magdhaba

The Battle of Magdhaba (officially known by the British as the Affair of Magdhaba) took place on 23 December 1916 during the Defence of Egypt section of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War.

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Battle of Mughar Ridge

The Battle of Mughar Ridge, officially known by the British as the Action of El Mughar, took place on 13 November 1917 during the Pursuit phase of the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War.

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Battle of Nebi Samwil

The Battle of Nebi Samwil, (17–24 November 1917), was fought during the decisive British Empire victory at the Battle of Jerusalem between the forces of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force and the Ottoman Empire's Yildirim Army Group during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, in the First World War.

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Battle of Rafa

The Battle of Rafa, also known as the Action of Rafah, fought on 9 January 1917, was the third and final battle to complete the recapture of the Sinai Peninsula by British forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.

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Battle of Romani

The Battle of Romani was the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War.

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Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe

The Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe, part of the Southern Palestine Offensive, began on 1 November 1917, the day after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. After the Stalemate in Southern Palestine a series of coordinated attacks were launched by British Empire units on the Ottoman Empire's German commanded Yildirim Army Group's front line, which stretched from Gaza inland to Beersheba.

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Bayt Jibrin

Bayt Jibrin (بيت جبرين, also transliterated Beit Jibrin; בית גוברין, Beit Gubrin), was a Palestinian Arab village located northwest of the city of Hebron.

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Bayt Nabala

Bayt Nabala or Beit Nabala was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict in Palestine that was destroyed during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.

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Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment

The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment was the final title of a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was originally formed in 1688.

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Beersheba

Beersheba, also spelled Beer-Sheva (בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע; بئر السبع), is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel.

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Beit Duqqu

Beit Duqqu (بيت دقّو) is a Palestinian village in the Jerusalem Governorate, located 12 kilometers northwest of Jerusalem in the northern West Bank.

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Beit Hanoun

Beit Hanoun or Beit Hanun (بيت حانون) is a city on the northeast edge of the Gaza Strip.

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Beit Jala

Beit Jala (بيت جالا) is a Palestinian Christian town in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank.

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Beit Liqya

Beit Liqya (بيت لقيا)is a Palestinian town located in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the northern West Bank.

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Beit Sira

Beit Sira (بيت سيرا) is a Palestinian village in the central West Bank, located 22 kilometers west of Ramallah and is a part of the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate.

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Beit Ur al-Fauqa

Beit Ur al-Fauqa (بيت عور الفوقا) is a Palestinian village located in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate in the northern West Bank, east of Ramallah and southeast of Beit Ur al-Tahta.

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Beit Ur al-Tahta

Beit Ur al-Tahta (بيت عور التحتى, lit. "Lower house of straw") is a Palestinian village located in the Seam Zone in the central West Bank, in the Ramallah and Al-Bireh Governorate.

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Beitunia

Beitunia (بيتونيا), also Bitunya, is a Palestinian City located west of Ramallah and north of Jerusalem.

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Berkshire Yeomanry

The Berkshire Yeomanry was a regiment of the British Army formed in 1794 to counter the threat of invasion during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Bethlehem

Bethlehem (بيت لحم, "House of Meat"; בֵּית לֶחֶם,, "House of Bread";; Bethleem; initially named after Canaanite fertility god Lehem) is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about south of Jerusalem.

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Bolsheviks

The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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Cevat Çobanlı

Cevat Çobanlı (14 September 1870 or 1871 – 13 March 1938) was a military commander of the Ottoman Army, War Minister (Harbiye Nazırı) of the Ottoman Empire and a general of the Turkish Army.

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Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.

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Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.

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Dayr Tarif

Dayr Tarif was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine.

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Deir al-Balah

Deir al-Balah or Dayr al-Balah (دير البلح translated Monastery of the Date Palm) is a Palestinian city in the central Gaza Strip and the administrative capital of the Deir el-Balah Governorate.

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Desert Mounted Corps

The Desert Mounted Corps was an army corps of the British Army during the First World War, of three mounted divisions renamed in August 1917 by General Edmund Allenby, from Desert Column.

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Devonshire Regiment

The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.

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Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.

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Edward Bulfin

General Sir Edward Stanislaus Bulfin KCB CVO (6 November 1862 – 20 August 1939) was a British general during World War I, where he established a reputation as an excellent commander at the brigade, divisional and corps levels.

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Edward Chaytor

Major General Sir Edward Walter Clervaux Chaytor, (21 June 1868 – 15 June 1939) was a farmer, and a military commander of New Zealand troops in the Boer War and the First World War.

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Egyptian Camel Transport Corps

The Egyptian Camel Transport Corps (known as the CTC, Camel Corps or Camel Transport) were a group of Egyptian camel drivers who supported the British Army in Egypt during the First World War's Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

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Egyptian Expeditionary Force

The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) was a British Empire military formation, formed on 10 March 1916 under the command of General Archibald Murray from the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and the Force in Egypt (1914–15), at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.

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Egyptian Labour Corps

The Egyptian Labour Corps (also known as the ELC or Labour Corps) was a group of Egyptian labourers who worked for the British Army in Egypt during the First World War's Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

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Eighth Army (Ottoman Empire)

The Eighth Army of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Sekizinci Ordu) was one of the field armies of the Ottoman Army.

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Ein 'Arik

Ein 'Arik (عين عريك) is a Palestinian town in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 7 kilometers west of Ramallah in the northern West Bank.

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Erich von Falkenhayn

General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.

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Essex Brigade

The Essex Brigade, later 161st Brigade and 161st Infantry Brigade, was a volunteer infantry formation of the British Army in existence from 1888 until 1941, and again from 1947.

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Essex Regiment

The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.

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Fevzi Çakmak

Mustafa Fevzi Çakmak (12 January, 1876 – 10 April 1950) was a Turkish field marshal (Mareşal) and politician.

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Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein

Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein (24 April 1870 – 16 October 1948) was a German general from Nuremberg.

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Gaza City

Gaza (The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998),, p. 761 "Gaza Strip /'gɑːzə/ a strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast including the town of Gaza...". غزة,; Ancient Ġāzā), also referred to as Gaza City, is a Palestinian city in the Gaza Strip, with a population of 515,556, making it the largest city in the State of Palestine.

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General (Germany)

General is the highest rank of the German Army and German Air Force.

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George Barrow (Indian Army officer)

General Sir George de Symons Barrow, (25 October 1864 – 28 December 1959) was a British Indian Army officer who became General Officer Commanding Yeomanry Mounted Division and the 4th Cavalry Division.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Gibeah

Gibeah (גבעה Giv'a) is a place name appearing in several books of the Bible.

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Greatcoat

A greatcoat, also known as a watchcoat, is a large overcoat that is typically made of wool designed for warmth and protection against the weather.

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Gurkha

The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.

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Harry Chauvel

General Sir Henry George Chauvel, (16 April 1865 – 4 March 1945), more usually known as Sir Harry Chauvel, was a senior officer of the Australian Imperial Force who fought at Gallipoli and during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of the First World War.

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Hebron

Hebron (الْخَلِيل; חֶבְרוֹן) is a Palestinian.

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Highland Light Infantry

The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881.

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Huj, Gaza

Huj (هوج) was a Palestinian Arab village located northeast of Gaza City.

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Hussein al-Husayni

Hussein Bey al-Husayni (حسين الحسيني; unknown–1918) was mayor of Jerusalem from 1909 to 1917, the last years of Ottoman rule over the city.

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III Corps (Ottoman Empire)

The III Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 3üncü Kolordu or Üçüncü Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army.

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Imperial Camel Corps

The Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (ICCB) was a camel-mounted infantry brigade that the British Empire raised in December 1916 during the First World War for service in the Middle East.

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Imperial Russian Army

The Imperial Russian Army (Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Imperial War Cabinet

The Imperial War Cabinet was the British Empire's wartime coordinating body.

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Imwas

Imwas (عِمواس) was a Palestinian Arab village located southeast of the city of Ramla and from Jerusalem in the Latrun salient of the West Bank.

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Jaffa

Jaffa, in Hebrew Yafo, or in Arabic Yaffa (יפו,; يَافَا, also called Japho or Joppa), the southern and oldest part of Tel Aviv-Yafo, is an ancient port city in Israel.

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Jaffa Gate

Jaffa Gate (שער יפו, Sha'ar Yafo; باب الخليل, Bab al-Khalil, "Hebron Gate"; also Arabic, Bab Mihrab Dawud, "Gate of David's Chamber"; Crusader name: "David's Gate") is a stone portal in the historic walls of the Old City of Jerusalem.

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Jarisha

Jarisha (جرِيشة, also transliterated Jerisha; ג'רישה) was a Palestinian Arab village located from the ancient site of Tell Jarisha (Tel Gerisa), on the south bank of Al-Awja (Yarkon River).

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Jericho

Jericho (יְרִיחוֹ; أريحا) is a city in the Palestinian Territories and is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank.

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Jerusalem

Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.

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John Shea (Indian Army officer)

General Sir John Stuart Mackenzie Shea, (1869–1966) was a British officer in the Indian Army.

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Judaean Mountains

The Judaean Mountains, or Judaean Hills (הרי יהודה Harei Yehuda, جبال الخليل Jibal Al Khalil), is a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located.

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Julis, Gaza

Julis (جولس) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Gaza Subdistrict, located northeast of Gaza on a slight elevation along the southern coastal plain.

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King's Shropshire Light Infantry

The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.

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Lakhish River

Lakhish River (נחל לכיש, Naḥal Lakhish) is a river in Israel that flows into the Mediterranean Sea at the city of Ashdod.

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Latrun

Latrun (לטרון, Latrun; اللطرون, al-Latrun) is located at a strategic hilltop in the Latrun salient in the Ayalon Valley.

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Lieutenant general (Australia)

Lieutenant general (abbreviated LTGEN and pronounced 'Lef-tenant General') is the second-highest active rank of the Australian Army and was created as a direct equivalent of the British military rank of lieutenant general.

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Lightering

Lightering (also called lighterage) is the process of transferring cargo between vessels of different sizes, usually between a barge and a bulker or oil tanker.

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Line of communication

A line of communication (or communications) is the route that connects an operating military unit with its supply base.

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Lod

Lod (לוֹד; اللُّدّ; Latin: Lydda, Diospolis, Ancient Greek: Λύδδα / Διόσπολις - city of Zeus) is a city southeast of Tel Aviv in the Central District of Israel.

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London Regiment (1908–1938)

The London Regiment was an infantry regiment in the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (later renamed the Territorial Army).

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Mandatory Palestine

Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.

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Mayor of Jerusalem

The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, Israel.

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Mecca

Mecca or Makkah (مكة is a city in the Hejazi region of the Arabian Peninsula, and the plain of Tihamah in Saudi Arabia, and is also the capital and administrative headquarters of the Makkah Region. The city is located inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of above sea level, and south of Medina. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the Ḥajj (حَـجّ, "Pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhūl-Ḥijjah (ذُو الْـحِـجَّـة). As the birthplace of Muhammad, and the site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (specifically, a cave from Mecca), Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer. Mecca was long ruled by Muhammad's descendants, the sharifs, acting either as independent rulers or as vassals to larger polities. It was conquered by Ibn Saud in 1925. In its modern period, Mecca has seen tremendous expansion in size and infrastructure, home to structures such as the Abraj Al Bait, also known as the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, the world's fourth tallest building and the building with the third largest amount of floor area. During this expansion, Mecca has lost some historical structures and archaeological sites, such as the Ajyad Fortress. Today, more than 15 million Muslims visit Mecca annually, including several million during the few days of the Hajj. As a result, Mecca has become one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the Muslim world,Fattah, Hassan M., The New York Times (20 January 2005). even though non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the city.

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Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.

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Middle Eastern theatre of World War I

The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I saw action between 29 October 1914 and 30 October 1918.

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Military of the Ottoman Empire

The history of the military of the Ottoman Empire can be divided in five main periods.

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Mills bomb

Mills bomb is the popular name for a series of prominent British hand grenades.

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Mutasarrıf

In the Ottoman Empire, a mutasarrıf was an administrative authority of any of certain sanjaks, who were appointed directly by the Sultan.

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Nabi Samwil

An-Nabi Samwil also al-Nabi Samuil (النبي صموئيل an-Nabi Samu'il, translit: "the prophet Samuel") is a Palestinian village of nearly 220 inhabitants in the West Bank, within the Jerusalem Governorate, located four kilometers north of Jerusalem.

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Nablus

Nablus (نابلس, שכם, Biblical Shechem ISO 259-3 Škem, Νεάπολις Νeapolis) is a city in the northern West Bank, approximately north of Jerusalem, (approximately by road), with a population of 126,132.

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Nablus Road

Nablus Road (Derekh Shekhem) is one of the traditional routes into Jerusalem's walled city.

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New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade

The New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade was a brigade of the New Zealand Army during the First World War.

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No. 1 Squadron RAAF

No.

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No. 111 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 113 Squadron RAF

No.

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Northamptonshire Regiment

The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960.

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October Revolution

The October Revolution (p), officially known in Soviet literature as the Great October Socialist Revolution (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция), and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising, the Bolshevik Revolution, or the Bolshevik Coup, was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolsheviks and Vladimir Lenin that was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917.

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Old City (Jerusalem)

The Old City (הָעִיר הָעַתִּיקָה, Ha'Ir Ha'Atiqah, البلدة القديمة, al-Balda al-Qadimah) is a walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem.

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Ordnance QF 13-pounder

The Ordnance QF 13-pounder (quick-firing) field gun was the standard equipment of the British and Canadian Royal Horse Artillery at the outbreak of World War I.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Palestine (region)

Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.

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Petah Tikva

Petah Tikva (פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה,, "Opening of Hope"), also known as Em HaMoshavot ("Mother of the Moshavot"), is a city in the Central District of Israel, east of Tel Aviv.

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Philip Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode

Field Marshal Philip Walhouse Chetwode, 1st Baron Chetwode, 7th Baronet of Oakley, (21 September 1869 – 6 July 1950) was a senior British Army officer.

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Picket (military)

A picket (archaically, picquet) is a soldier, or small unit of soldiers, placed on a line forward of a position to provide warning of an enemy advance.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.

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Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry

The Queen's Own Dorset Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army founded in 1794 as the Dorsetshire Regiment of Volunteer Yeomanry Cavalry in response to the growing threat of invasion during the Napoleonic wars.

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Rafat, Jerusalem

Rafat (رافات) is a Palestinian town, located approximately southwest of the city of Ramallah in the central West Bank in the northern Jerusalem Governorate.

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Ramallah

Ramallah (رام الله) is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank located north of Jerusalem at an average elevation of above sea level, adjacent to al-Bireh. It currently serves as the de facto administrative capital of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). Ramallah was historically an Arab Christian town. Today Muslims form the majority of the population of nearly 27,092 in 2007, with Christians making up a significant minority.

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Ramla

Ramla (רַמְלָה, Ramla; الرملة, ar-Ramlah) (also Ramlah, Ramle, Remle and sometimes Rama) is a city in central Israel.

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Rishon LeZion

Rishon LeZion (רִאשׁוֹן לְצִיּוֹן, lit. First to Zion) is the fourth largest city in Israel, located along the central Israeli coastal plain south of Tel Aviv.

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Royal Army Service Corps

The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.

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Royal Australian Army Service Corps

The Royal Australian Army Service Corps (RAASC) was a corps within the Australian Army.

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Royal Field Artillery

The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.

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Royal Gloucestershire Hussars

The Royal Gloucestershire Hussars was a volunteer yeomanry regiment which, in the 20th century, became part of the British Army Reserve.

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Royal Horse Artillery

The Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) was formed in 1793 as a distinct arm of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (commonly termed Royal Artillery) of the British Army.

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Royal Welch Fusiliers

The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.

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Russia

Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Sangar (fortification)

A sangar (or sanger) (سنگر) is a temporary fortified position with a breastwork originally constructed of stones, and now built of sandbags and similar materials.

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Saris

Saris (ساريس) was a Palestinian Arab village that was depopulated during the major offensive launched by the Haganah on 6 April 1948.

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Seventh Army (Ottoman Empire)

The Ottoman Seventh Army was a large military formation of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Sha'ar HaGai

Sha'ar HaGai (שער הגיא) in Hebrew, or Bab al-Wad in Arabic (באב אל-ואד, باب الواد or باب الوادي), lit.

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Shilta

Shilta was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict of Mandatory Palestine.

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Shock tactics

Shock tactics, shock tactic or shock attack is the name of an offensive maneuver which attempts to place the enemy under psychological pressure by a rapid and fully committed advance with the aim of causing their combatants to retreat.

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Sinai and Palestine Campaign

The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.

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Sir William Robertson, 1st Baronet

Field Marshal Sir William Robert Robertson, 1st Baronet, (29 January 1860 – 12 February 1933) was a British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) – the professional head of the British Army – from 1916 to 1918 during the First World War.

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Solomon's Pools

Solomon's Pools (برك سليمان, Burak Suleīmān, Solomon's Pools, or simply el-Burak, the pools; בריכות שלמה, Breichot Shlomo) are three ancient reservoirs located in the south-central West Bank, immediately to the south of the Palestinian village of al-Khader, about southwest of Bethlehem and near the road to Hebron.

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Southern Palestine Offensive

The Southern Palestine Offensive, employing manoeuvre warfare, began on 31 October 1917, with the Battle of Beersheba, during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign, of World War I. After the capture of Beersheba, by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF), the Gaza to Beersheba line became increasingly weakened and, seven days later, the EEF successfully forced the Ottoman Turkish Empire's Seventh and Eighth Armies to withdraw.

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Stielhandgranate

The Stielhandgranate (German for "stalk hand grenade") was a German hand grenade of unique design.

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Summil

Summil (صميل) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Gaza Subdistrict, located northeast of Gaza.

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Third Battle of Gaza

The Third Battle of Gaza was fought on the night of 1/2 November 1917 between British and Ottoman forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I, and came after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba had ended the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.

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Troop

A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.

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Tulkarm

Tulkarm or Tulkarem (طولكرم, Ṭūlkarm) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank, located in the Tulkarm Governorate.

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Vickers machine gun

The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.

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Western Front (World War I)

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.

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Wilhelma, Palestine

Wilhelma (וילהלמה, originally in Wilhelma-Hamîdije) was a German Templer colony in Ottoman Palestine located southwest of al-'Abbasiyyah near Jaffa.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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XX Corps (Ottoman Empire)

The XX Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 20 nci Kolordu or Yirminci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army.

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XX Corps (United Kingdom)

The XX Corps was an army corps of the British Army during World War I.

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XXI Corps (United Kingdom)

The XXI Corps was an Army Corps of the British Army during World War I. The Corps was formed in Egypt in June 1917 under the command of Lieutenant General Edward Bulfin.

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Yalo

Yalo (يالو, also transliterated Yalu) was a Palestinian Arab village located 13 kilometres southeast of Ramla.

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Yarkon River

The Yarkon River, also Yarqon River (נחל הירקון, Nahal HaYarkon; Nahr Abū Fuṭrus), also Nahr al-Auja), is a river in central Israel. The source of the Yarkon ("Greenish" in Hebrew) is at Tel Afek (Antipatris), north of Petah Tikva. It flows west through Gush Dan and Tel Aviv's Yarkon Park into the Mediterranean Sea. Its Arabic name, al-Auja, means "the meandering". The Yarkon is the largest coastal river in Israel, at 27.5 km in length.

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Yeomanry Mounted Division

The Yeomanry Mounted Division was a Territorial Force cavalry division formed at Khan Yunis in Palestine in June 1917 from three yeomanry mounted brigades.

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Yildirim Army Group

The Yildirim Army Group or Thunderbolt Army Group of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Yıldırım Ordular Grubu) or Army Group F (German: Heeresgruppe F) was one of the army groups of the Ottoman Army.

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10th (Irish) Division

The 10th (Irish) Division, was one of the first of Kitchener's New Army K1 Army Group divisions (formed from Kitchener's 'first hundred thousand' new volunteers), authorized on 21 August 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.

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12th Light Horse Regiment (Australia)

The 12th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted unit of the Australian Army.

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162nd (East Midland) Brigade

The East Midland Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.

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179th (2/4th London) Brigade

The 179th (2/4th London) Brigade was a formation of the British Army during the First World War.

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180th (2/5th London) Brigade

The 180th (2/5th London) Brigade was a formation of the British Army during the First World War.

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1917 French Army mutinies

The 1917 French Army mutinies took place amongst French Army troops on the Western Front in Northern France during World War I. They started just after the disastrous Second Battle of the Aisne, the main action in the Nivelle Offensive in April 1917.

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229th Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Dismounted Brigade was a formation of the British Army in the First World War.

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232nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 232rd Infantry Brigade was a formation of the British Army during both World War I and World War II.

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234th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 234th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, raised during World War I and later reformed during World War II.

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2nd Light Horse Brigade

The 2nd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action while serving in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)'s New Zealand and Australian Division during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli.

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3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)

The 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters) was a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army.

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4th Light Horse Brigade

The 4th Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force serving in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade was formed in March 1915 and shipped to Egypt without their horses and was broken up in Egypt in August 1915.

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52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division

The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.

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53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division

The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.

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54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division

The 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.

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58th Vaughan's Rifles (Frontier Force)

The 58th Vaughan's Rifles (Frontier Force) was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.

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60th (2/2nd London) Division

The 60th (2/2nd London) Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised during World War I. The division was the second of two second-line Territorial Force divisions formed from the surplus of London recruits in 1914.

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74th (Yeomanry) Division

The 74th (Yeomanry) Division was a Territorial Force infantry division formed in Palestine in early 1917 from three dismounted yeomanry brigades.

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75th Division (United Kingdom)

75th Division was an infantry division of the British Army in World War I. It was raised in the field by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) in 1917 and it included British, Indian and South African troops.

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9th Light Horse Regiment (Australia)

The 9th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted rifles regiment of the Australian Army during the First World War.

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Redirects here:

Battle of Jerusalem (1917).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Jerusalem

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