288 relations: Adolf Hitler, Air interdiction, Air supremacy, Albert Speer, Alfred Jodl, Allied invasion of Sicily, Anastas Mikoyan, Anti-personnel mine, Anti-tank mine, Anti-tank obstacles, Anti-tank rifle, Antony Beevor, Armoured fighting vehicle, Armoured personnel carrier, Armoured spearhead, Army group, Army Group A, Army Group Centre, Army Group Don, Artillery, Assault gun, Attack aircraft, Automatic firearm, Axis powers, Battle of Moscow, Battle of Prokhorovka, Battle of Smolensk (1943), Battle of Stalingrad, Belgorod, Belgorod-Kharkov Offensive Operation, BK 3,7, Bletchley Park, Blitzkrieg, Borgward IV, Bridgehead, Bryansk, Bryansk Front, Caucasus, Central Front, Churchill tank, Close air support, Combat engineer, Corps, Cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher, Defence in depth, Defence of the Reich, Division (military), Dnieper, Don Front, Don River (Russia), ..., Donbass, Donets, Eastern Front (World War II), Elefant, Erhard Raus, Erich Jaschke, Erich von Manstein, Erich-Heinrich Clößner, Eugen Ott (general), Field army, Flame tank, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Forced labour under German rule during World War II, Franz Mattenklott, Friedrich Gollwitzer, Friendly fire, Günther von Kluge, Georgy Zhukov, German Army (Wehrmacht), German Army Detachment Kempf, German heavy tank battalion, Germany and the Second World War, Goliath tracked mine, Grigori F. Krivosheev, Gun pod, Hans Zorn, Heinz Guderian, Henschel Hs 129, Hermann Breith, Hermann Hoth, Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski, II SS Panzer Corps, Ilyushin Il-2, Italian Campaign (World War II), Ivan Bagramyan, Ivan Chernyakhovsky, Ivan Konev, J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Joachim Lemelsen, Johannes Frießner, John Cairncross, Jonathan House, Josef Harpe, Joseph Stalin, Junkers Ju 87, Karl-Heinz Frieser, Katyusha rocket launcher, Kętrzyn, Kharkiv, Killed in action, Kirill Moskalenko, Kliment Voroshilov tank, Konstantin Rokossovsky, Korocha, Kursk, Kursk Oblast, Kurt Zeitzler, Land mine, Lavochkin La-5, Lend-Lease, Light tank, Long Range Aviation, Lost Victories, Lothar Rendulic, Lucy spy ring, Luftflotte 4, Luftflotte 6, Luftwaffe, M3 Lee, Maneuver warfare, Markian Popov, Materiel, Matilda II, Mikhail Katukov, Mikhail Malinin, Ministry of Defense Industry (Soviet Union), Missing in action, Mius River, MK 103 cannon, Molotov cocktail, Moscow, Munich, Nazi Germany, Nikandr Chibisov, Nikolai Vatutin, Nikolay Pukhov, North African Campaign, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Oberkommando des Heeres, Oboyan, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Citadel, Operation Kutuzov, Operation Roland, Operation Uranus, Otto Deßloch, Otto von Knobelsdorff, Pakfront, Panther tank, Panzer, Panzer division, Panzer III, Panzer IV, Panzer-Grenadier-Division Großdeutschland, Panzerkeil, Paul Hausser, Pavel Batov, Pavel Rotmistrov, Petlyakov Pe-2, Pincer movement, Prokhorovka, Belgorod Oblast, Psel River, Rasputitsa, Red Army, Robert M. Citino, Robert Ritter von Greim, Rostov-on-Don, Ruble, Rudolf Freiherr von Roman, Russian military deception, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Salient (military), Sea of Azov, Self-propelled gun, Sergei Rudenko (general), Smolensk, Soldier, Southwestern Front (Soviet Union), Soviet Air Forces, Soviet partisans, Soviet Union, Stavka, Stepan Krasovsky, Steppe Front, Strategic depth, Strategy, SU-122, SU-152, SU-76, Switzerland, T-34, T-60 tank, T-70, Taman Peninsula, Tank destroyer, The National WWII Museum, Third Battle of Kharkov, Tiger I, Truck, U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, United States Army War College, Urban warfare, Valentine tank, Vasily Sokolovsky, Voronezh Front, Walter Hörnlein, Walter Model, Walter Weiß, Walther Nehring, Walther von Hünersdorff, War diary, Wehrmacht, Werner Kempf, Western Front (Soviet Union), Wing (military aviation unit), World War II, Wounded in action, XXXXI Panzer Corps, XXXXVIII Panzer Corps, Yakovlev Yak-9, Zaporizhia, 102nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 106th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 10th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 10th Tank Corps, 110th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 11th Guards Army (Soviet Union), 11th Guards Berlin-Carpathian Mechanized Brigade, 11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 12th Guards Tank Division, 13th Army (Soviet Union), 15th Rifle Division, 17th Air Army, 17th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 18th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 19th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 1st Air Division (Germany), 1st Guards Tank Army (Russia), 1st Panzer Army, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, 208th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 20th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 216th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 292nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 299th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Air Army, 2nd Army (Wehrmacht), 2nd Guards Tank Corps, 2nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Panzer Army, 2nd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, 2nd Tank Corps, 307th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 320th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 32nd Guards Tank Division, 38th Army (Soviet Union), 3rd Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf, 40th Army (Soviet Union), 45th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 4th Panzer Army, 4th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion, 5th Air Army, 5th Guards Army, 5th Guards Motor Rifle Division, 5th Guards Tank Army, 5th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking, 653rd Heavy Panzerjäger Battalion, 67th Guards Rifle Division, 6th Guards Army, 6th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 6th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 72nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 72nd Mechanized Brigade (Ukraine), 78th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 7th Guards Army (Soviet Union), 7th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 7th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 81st Rifle Division, 8th Air Corps (Germany), 8th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 90th Guards Rifle Division, 9th Army (Wehrmacht), 9th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Tank Division (Soviet Union). 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Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Air interdiction (AI), also known as deep air support (DAS), is the use of preventive aircraft attacks against enemy targets, that are not an immediate threat, in order to delay, disrupt, or hinder later enemy engagement of friendly forces.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer (March 19, 1905 – September 1, 1981) was a German architect who was, for most of World War II, Reich Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany.
Alfred Josef Ferdinand Jodl (10 May 1890 – 16 October 1946) was a German general during World War II, who served as the Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht).
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan (25 November 1895 – 21 October 1978) was a Soviet Armenian revolutionary, Old Bolshevik and statesman during the mandates of Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev and Brezhnev.
Anti-personnel mines are a form of mine designed for use against humans, as opposed to anti-tank mines, which are designed for use against vehicles.
An anti-tank mine (abbreviated to "AT mine") is a type of land mine designed to damage or destroy vehicles including tanks and armored fighting vehicles.
Anti-tank obstacles include, but are not limited to.
An anti-tank rifle is a rifle designed to penetrate the armor of vehicles, particularly tanks.
Sir Antony James Beevor, (born 14 December 1946) is an English military historian.
An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.
An armoured personnel carrier (APC) is a type of armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) designed to transport infantry to the battlefield.
An armoured spearhead (American English: armored spearhead) is a formation of armoured fighting vehicles, mostly tanks, that form the front of an offensive thrust during a battle.
An army group is a military organization consisting of several field armies, which is self-sufficient for indefinite periods.
Army Group A (Heeresgruppe A) was the name of several German Army Groups during World War II.
Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte) was the name of two distinct German strategic army groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.
Army Group Don was a short-lived German army group during World War II.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
An assault gun is a form of self-propelled artillery which utilizes an infantry support gun mounted on a motorized chassis, normally an armored fighting vehicle.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
An automatic firearm continuously fires rounds as long as the trigger is pressed or held and there is ammunition in the magazine/chamber.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Battle of Moscow (translit) was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on a sector of the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Battle of Prokhorovka was fought on 12 July 1943 near Prokhorovka, southeast of Kursk in the Soviet Union, during the Second World War.
The second Battle of Smolensk (7 August–2 October 1943) was a Soviet strategic offensive operation conducted by the Red Army as part of the Summer-Autumn Campaign of 1943.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
Belgorod (p) is a city and the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the Seversky Donets River north of the border with Ukraine.
The Belgorod-Kharkov Strategic Offensive Operation, or simply Belgorod-Kharkov Offensive Operation, was a Soviet strategic summer offensive that aimed to recapture Belgorod and Kharkov (now Kharkiv), and destroy the German forces of the 4th Panzer Army and Army Detachment Kempf.
The Bordkanone 3,7 (BK 3,7) (on-board cannon 3.7) was a anti-tank/bomber autocannon based on the earlier Flak 18 made by Rheinmetall.
Bletchley Park was the central site for British (and subsequently, Allied) codebreakers during World War II.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
The Borgward IV, officially designated Schwerer Ladungsträger Borgward B IV (heavy explosive carrier Borgward B IV), was a German remote-controlled demolition vehicle used in World War II.
A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.
Bryansk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Bryansk Oblast, Russia, located southwest of Moscow.
The Bryansk Front (Брянский фронт) was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is a region located at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and occupied by Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia.
The Central Front was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
A combat engineer (also called field engineer, pioneer or sapper in many armies) is a soldier who performs a variety of construction and demolition tasks under combat conditions.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher was the process that enabled the British to read high-level German army messages during World War II.
Defence in depth (also known as deep or elastic defence) is a military strategy that seeks to delay rather than prevent the advance of an attacker, buying time and causing additional casualties by yielding space.
The Defence of the Reich (Reichsverteidigung) is the name given to the strategic defensive aerial campaign fought by the Luftwaffe over German-occupied Europe and Nazi Germany during World War II.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.
The Don Front was a front (military formation) of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War.
The Don (p) is one of the major rivers of Russia and the 5th longest river in Europe.
The Donbass (Донба́сс) or Donbas (Донба́с) is a historical, cultural, and economic region in eastern Ukraine and southwestern Russia.
The Siverskyi Donets (Siverśkyj Doneć) or Seversky Donets (Severskij Donec), usually simply called the Donets, is a river on the south of the East European Plain.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The Elefant (German for "elephant") was a heavy tank destroyer used by German Wehrmacht Panzerjäger during World War II.
Erhard Raus (8 January 1889 – 3 April 1956) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Erich Jaschke (11 May 1890 – 18 October 1961) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded the 20th Infantry Division.
Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973) was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War.
Erich-Heinrich Clößnerr (17 September 1888 – 28 March 1976) was a German general during World War II who held commands at the divisional and corps levels.
Eugen Ott (20 May 1890 – 11 August 1966) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded several corps.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
A flame tank is a type of tank equipped with a flamethrower, most commonly used to supplement combined arms attacks against fortifications, confined spaces, or other obstacles.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
The use of forced labour and slavery in Nazi Germany and throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II took place on an unprecedented scale.
Franz Mattenklott (19 November 1884 – 28 June 1954) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Friedrich Gollwitzer (27 April 1889 – 25 March 1977) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany who commanded the LIII Army Corps.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
Günther von Kluge (30 October 1882 – 19 August 1944) was a German field marshal during World War II.
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (– 18 June 1974) was a Soviet Red Army General who became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, Minister of Defence and a member of the Politburo.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
German Army Detachment Kempf was an army-sized formation of the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front during World War II.
A German heavy tank battalion ("schwere Panzerabteilung", short: "s PzAbt"), was an elite battalion-sized World War II tank unit of the Wehrmacht (Heer), equipped with Tiger I, and later Tiger II, heavy tanks. Originally intended to fight on the offensive during breakthrough operations, the German late-war realities required it to be used in a defensive posture by providing heavy fire support and counter-attacking enemy armored breakthroughs, often organised into ad hoc Kampfgruppen. The German heavy tank battalions destroyed the total number of 9,850 enemy tanks for the loss of only 1,715 of their own, a kill/loss ratio of 5.74. The 1,715 German losses also include non-combat tank write-offs.
Germany and the Second World War (Das Deutsche Reich und der Zweite Weltkrieg) is a 12,000-page, 13-volume work published by the Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt (DVA), that has taken academics from the military history centre of the German armed forces 30 years to finish.
The Goliath tracked mine - complete German name: Leichter Ladungsträger Goliath (Goliath Light Charge Carrier) was a name given to two German Unmanned ground vehicles, disposable demolition vehicles, used during World War II.
Grigoriy Fedotovich Krivosheyev (Григорий Федотович Кривошеев, born in 1929) is a Russian military historian and a retired Colonel General of the Russian military.
A gun pod is a detachable pod or pack containing machine guns or automatic cannon and ancillaries, mounted externally on a vehicle such as a military aircraft which may or may not also have its own guns.
Hans Zorn (27 October 1891 – 2 August 1943) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II.
Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888 – 14 May 1954) was a German general during the Nazi era.
The Henschel Hs 129 was a World War II ground-attack aircraft fielded by the German Luftwaffe.
Hermann Albert Breith (7 May 1892 – 3 September 1964) was a German general during World War II.
Hermann Hoth (12 April 1885 – 25 January 1971) was a German army commander and war criminal during World War II.
Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski (2 January 1899 – 19 September 1966) was a Gold Medal winning Olympic equestrian and German general during World War II.
The II SS Panzer Corps was a German Waffen-SS armoured corps which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II.
The Ilyushin Il-2 (Cyrillic: Илью́шин Ил-2) Shturmovik (Cyrillic: Штурмови́к, Shturmovík) was a ground-attack aircraft produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers during the Second World War.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Ivan Khristoforovich Bagramyan (Հովհաննես Քրիստափորի Բաղրամյան; Ива́н Христофо́рович Баграмя́н), also known as Hovhannes Khachaturi Baghramyan (Հովհաննես Խաչատուրի (alternatively, Քրիստափորի, Kristapori) Բաղրամյան; Оване́с Хачату́рович Баграмя́н) (– 21 September 1982), was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union of Armenian origin.
Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky, also Cherniakhovsky, (Ива́н Дани́лович Черняхо́вский; Oksanyna, Uman, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (today Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine)), (– Mehlsack, today Pieniężno, Poland, 18 February 1945) was the youngest ever Soviet general of the army, twice Hero of the Soviet Union and commander of the 3rd Belorussian Front.
Ivan Stepanovich Konev (Ива́н Степа́нович Ко́нев; – 21 May 1973) was a Soviet military commander who led Red Army forces on the Eastern Front during World War II, retook much of Eastern Europe from occupation by the Axis Powers, and helped in the capture of Germany's capital, Berlin.
J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing is a Canadian publishing house that specialises in literature on the German armed forces of the World War II era.
Joachim Lemelsen (28 September 1888 – 30 March 1954) was a German general during World War II who rose to army-level command.
Johannes Friessner (22 March 1892 – 26 June 1971) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
John Cairncross (25 July 1913 – 8 October 1995) was a British civil servant who became an intelligence officer and spy during the Second World War.
Jonathan M. House (June 22, 1950) is an American military historian and author.
Josef Harpe (21 September 1887 – 14 March 1968) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 9th Army.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
Karl-Heinz Frieser (born 1949 in Pressath, Bavaria) is a German military historian and a retired colonel of the German Army.
The Katyusha multiple rocket launcher (a) is a type of rocket artillery first built and fielded by the Soviet Union in World War II.
Kętrzyn (Rastenburg; former Polish name: Rastembork), is a town in northeastern Poland with 28,351 inhabitants (2004).
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.
Kirill Semyonovich Moskalenko May 11, 1902 – June 17, 1985) was a Marshal of the Soviet Union. A member of the Soviet Army who fought in both the Russian Civil War and World War II, he later served as Commander in Chief of Strategic Missile Forces and Inspector General for the Ministry of Defense.
The Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tanks were a series of Soviet heavy tanks named after the Soviet defence commissar and politician Kliment Voroshilov and used by the Red Army during World War II.
Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverevich) Rokossovsky (December 21, 1896 – August 3, 1968) was a Soviet officer of Polish origin who became Marshal of the Soviet Union, Marshal of Poland and served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 until his removal in 1956 during the Polish October.
Korocha (Короча) is a town and the administrative center of Korochansky District in Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Korocha River (Seversky Donets' tributary), northeast of Belgorod, the administrative center of the oblast.
Kursk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Kursk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kur, Tuskar, and Seym Rivers.
Kursk Oblast (p) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast).
Kurt Zeitzler (June 9, 1895 – September 25, 1963) was a Chief of the Army General Staff in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
The Lavochkin La-5 (Лавочкин Ла-5) was a Soviet fighter aircraft of World War II.
The Lend-Lease policy, formally titled An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States, was an American program to defeat Germany, Japan and Italy by distributing food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.
Long Range Aviation (r, abbr. to AДД, or ADD) is the branch of the Soviet Air Forces and Russian Air Force tasked with long-range bombardment of strategic targets with nuclear weapons.
Verlorene Siege (English: Lost Victories; full title of English edition: Lost Victories: The War Memoirs of Hitler's Most Brilliant General) is the personal narrative of Erich von Manstein, a German field marshal during World War II.
Lothar Rendulic (23 October 1887 – 17 January 1971)Rudolf Neck, Adam Wandruszka, Isabella Ackerl (ed.) (1980): Protokolle des Ministerrates der Ersten Republik, 1918–1938, Abteilung VIII, 20.
In World War II espionage, the Lucy spy ring was an anti-Nazi operation that was headquartered in Switzerland.
Luftflotte 4 (Air Fleet 4) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
Luftflotte 6 (Air Fleet 6) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The M3 Lee, officially Medium Tank, M3, was an American medium tank used during World War II.
Maneuver warfare, or manoeuvre warfare, is a military strategy that advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption.
Markian Mikhaylovich Popov (19021969) was a Soviet military commander, Army General (26 August 1943), and Hero of the Soviet Union (1965).
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
The Infantry Tank Mark II, best known as the Matilda, was a British infantry tank of the Second World War.
Marshal of Armoured Troops Mikhail Efimovich Katukov (17 September 1900 – 8 June 1976) (Михаи́л Ефи́мович Катуко́в) served as a commander of armored troops in the Red Army during and following World War II.
Mikhail Sergeevich Malinin (Russian: Михаил Сергеевич Малинин; in Polutino, Kostroma, Russian Empire – 24 January 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet general.
The Ministry of Defense Industry (Minoboronprom; Министерство оборонной промышленности СССР) was a government ministry in the Soviet Union.
Missing in action (MIA) is a casualty classification assigned to combatants, military chaplains, combat medics, and prisoners of war who are reported missing during wartime or ceasefire.
Mius is a river in Eastern Europe that flows through Ukraine and Russia.
The Rheinmetall-Borsig MK 103 ("MK" - Maschinenkanone) was a German 30 mm caliber autocannon that was mounted in German combat aircraft during World War II. Intended to be a dual purpose weapon for anti-tank and air-to-air fighting, it was developed from the MK 101. Compared to the MK 101 it was faster-firing, and was originally intended to develop a higher muzzle velocity than the MK 101. Unlike the MK 101, the MK 103 used a belt feed, allowing it to potentially carry a larger ammunition load. The MK 103 used electrically primed rather than percussion primed ammunition. The operating mechanism differed from the recoil-operated MK 101 in that it used a combination of gas and recoil operation. After firing, gas pressure served to unlock the breech, while barrel recoil was used to cycle the action (eject spent cartridge and load a fresh one). Because of a combination of lower grade steels and lighter components, the mechanism of the MK 103 was not as strong as the MK 101. To counteract this weakness, HE ammunition with a reduced load of propellant was used, resulting in a loss of about 100 m/s in muzzle velocity compared to the MK 101, however, the rate of fire was increased. The MK 103 entered service in 1943 as the main armament of the Hs 129 B-1 ground-attack/tank-destroyer aircraft, mounted on the underside of the fuselage in a conformal gun pod. The original specification for the MK 103 called for it to fit inside an aircraft's engine mounting (possibly as a Motorkanone, firing through a hollow propeller hub), however, it proved to be too large and heavy to fit into small fighters like the Bf 109. If mounted elsewhere, such as in the wing, the asymmetric force of the cannon's recoil tended to yaw the aircraft's nose to one side. The only known usage of the MK 103 in a Motorkanone installation was in the Do 335. A modified version with a reduced-profile barrel - the MK 103M - was developed and possibly tested for possible use as a Motorkanone cannon on single-engine fighter planes such as the Bf-109K, but probably never saw active service. As a consequence, the MK 103 was largely restricted to the role of an air-to-ground weapon for use against armoured vehicles. Projectile weights for the MK 103 were) for the HE/M ammunition and) for APCR ammunition. Armour penetration for APCR / 60° / or / 90° /. A limited-production series of the Fw 190A fighter and Fw 190F ground attack fighter (which utilized a particularly strong wing/fuselage design) incorporated two MK 103 cannons, one mounted under each wing in a conformal, gondola-style pod. Later in the war the MK 103 was also used as a ground-based anti-aircraft (AA) weapon, using single or dual mounts. It was also used as a flak autocannon in the Flakpanzer IV "Kugelblitz". Developed alongside the MK 103 was the lighter MK 108 cannon, which had a shorter barrel and used a modified blow-back operating system. It fired the same projectile, using a smaller cartridge case with less propellant, at a relatively low muzzle velocity. The shorter barrel made it more adaptable, so it saw much greater use.
A Molotov cocktail, also known as a petrol bomb, bottle bomb, poor man's grenade, Molotovin koktaili (Finnish), polttopullo (Finnish), fire bomb (not to be confused with an actual fire bomb) or just Molotov, commonly shortened as Molly, is a generic name used for a variety of bottle-based improvised incendiary weapons.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Colonel General Nikandr Evlampievich Chibisov (Никандр Евлампиевич Чибисов) (November 5 (O.S. October 24), 1892 in stanitsa Romanovskaya (Rostov Oblast) – September 20, 1959 in Minsk) was a Soviet military commander and Hero of the Soviet Union (1943).
Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin (Никола́й Фёдорович Вату́тин; 16 December 1901 – 15 April 1944) was a Soviet military commander during World War II.
Nikolay Pavlovich Pukhov (–March 28, 1958) was a Soviet Army colonel general and a Hero of the Soviet Union who commanded troops during World War II.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was the High Command of the German Army during the Era of Nazi Germany.
Oboyan (Обоя́нь) is a town and the administrative center of Oboyansky District in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Psyol River at its confluence with the Oboyanka River, south of Kursk, the administrative center of the oblast.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Citadel (Unternehmen Zitadelle) was a German offensive operation against Soviet forces in the Kursk salient during the Second World War on the Eastern Front that initiated the Battle of Kursk.
Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation.
Operation Roland was a local German offensive inside the Soviet Union during the Second World War on the Eastern Front, and was conducted as a local operation within the overarching German summer offensive, Operation Citadel, on the southern side of the Kursk salient.
Operation Uranus (romanised: Operatsiya "Uran") was the codename of the Soviet 19–23 November 1942 strategic operation in World War II which led to the encirclement of the German Sixth Army, the Third and Fourth Romanian armies, and portions of the German Fourth Panzer Army.
Otto Dessloch (11 June 1889 – 13 May 1977) was a German Luftwaffe general during World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.
Otto von Knobelsdorff (31 March 1886 – 21 October 1966) was a German general during World War II who led the 19th Panzer Division and then held a series of higher commands.
The Pakfront was a defensive military tactic developed by the German forces on the Eastern Front during the Second World War.
The Panther is a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to the war's end in 1945.
The word Panzer is a German word that means "armour" or specifically, "tank".
A panzer division is one of the armored (tank) divisions in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Panzerkampfwagen III, commonly known as the Panzer III, was a medium tank developed in the 1930s by Germany, and was used extensively in World War II.
The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.
The Panzer Grenadier Division Großdeutschland (also commonly referred to simply as Großdeutschland or Großdeutschland Division) was an elite combat unit of the German Army (Heer) that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.
The Panzerkeil ("Armoured Wedge" or "Tank Wedge") was an offensive armoured tactic developed by German forces on the Eastern Front during World War II.
Paul Hausser (7 October 1880 – 21 December 1972) was a high-ranking commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II who played a key role in the post-war efforts by former members of the Waffen-SS to achieve historical and legal rehabilitation.
Pavel Ivanovich Batov (Павел Иванович Батов; – April 19, 1985) was a senior Red Army general during the Second World War and afterwards, twice Hero of the Soviet Union.
Chief marshal of the armored troops Pavel Alexeyevich Rotmistrov (Павел Алексеевич Ротмистров) (6 July 1901 in Skovorovo – 6 April 1982) was a commander of armoured troops in the Red Army during and following World War II.
The Petlyakov Pe-2 (Петляков Пе-2) was a Soviet light bomber used during World War II.
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.
Prokhorovka (p) is an urban locality (a settlement) and the administrative center of Prokhorovsky District of Belgorod Oblast, Russia, located along the Psyol River southeast of the city of Kursk.
The Psel (translit. Psyol;, translit. Psel, Ps'ol, Pslo) is a river, a left tributary of the Dnipro River, which flows through Russia and Ukraine.
Rasputitsa (p) is a Russian language term for two periods of the year (or "seasons") when travel on unpaved roads becomes difficult, owing to muddy conditions from rain or thawing snow.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Robert M. Citino (born June 19, 1958) is an American military historian and the Samuel Zemurray Stone Senior Historian at the National WWII Museum.
Robert Ritter von Greim (born Robert Greim; 22 June 1892 – 24 May 1945) was a German Field Marshal and pilot.
Rostov-on-Don (p) is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia.
The ruble or rouble (p) is or was a currency unit of a number of countries in Eastern Europe closely associated with the economy of Russia.
Rudolf Freiherr von Roman (19 November 1893 – 18 February 1970) was a German general (General of the Artillery) who commanded several corps during World War II.
Russian military deception, sometimes known as maskirovka (lit), is a military doctrine developed from the start of the twentieth century.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; Ru-Российская Советская Федеративная Социалистическая Республика.ogg), also unofficially known as the Russian Federation, Soviet Russia,Declaration of Rights of the laboring and exploited people, article I or Russia (rɐˈsʲijə; from the Ρωσία Rōsía — Rus'), was an independent state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest, most populous, and most economically developed union republic of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1991 and then a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; Azaq deñizi, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe.
A self-propelled gun (SPG) is a form of self-propelled artillery, and in modern use is usually used to refer to artillery pieces such as howitzers.
Serhi Gnatovich Rudenko (Ukrainian: Сергій Гнатович Руденко, Russified: Сергей Игнатьевич Руденко;, Korop, Russian Empire - 10 July 1990, Moscow, Soviet Union) was a Soviet Marshal of the aviation.
Smolensk (a) is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River, west-southwest of Moscow.
A soldier is one who fights as part of an army.
The Southwestern Front was a name given to a Front (or Army group sized military formation) by the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War, by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic during the Russian Civil War, and by the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Soviet Air Forces (r (VVS), literally "Military Air Forces") was the official designation of one of the air forces of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet partisans were members of resistance movements that fought a guerrilla war against the Axis forces in the Soviet Union, the previously Soviet-occupied territories of interwar Poland in 1941–45 and eastern Finland.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Stavka (Ставка) was the high command of the armed forces in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.
Sczyapan Yakimavich Krasuisky (Belorussian: Сцяпан Якімавіч Красоўскі, Russified: Stepan Akimovich Krasovskiy; - April 21, 1983) was a Soviet Air Force Marshal of the aviation.
The Steppe Front (Степной фронт), later the 2nd Ukrainian Front (2-й Украинский фронт), was a ''front'' of the Red Army during the Second World War.
Strategic depth is a term in military literature that broadly refers to the distances between the front lines or battle sectors and the combatants' industrial core areas, capital cities, heartlands, and other key centers of population or military production.
Strategy (from Greek στρατηγία stratēgia, "art of troop leader; office of general, command, generalship") is a high-level plan to achieve one or more goals under conditions of uncertainty.
The SU-122 (from Samokhodnaya Ustanovka 122 mm) was a Soviet self-propelled howitzer or assault gun used during World War II.
The SU-152 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka-152) is a Soviet self-propelled heavy howitzer used during World War II.
The SU-76 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka 76) was a Soviet self-propelled gun used during and after World War II.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.
The T-60 scout tank was a light tank produced by the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1942.
The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support.
The Taman Peninsula (Тама́нский полуо́стров, Tamanskiy poluostrov) is a peninsula in the present-day Krasnodar Krai of Russia, which borders the Sea of Azov to the North, the Strait of Kerch to the West and the Black Sea to the South.
A tank destroyer or tank hunter is a type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct-fire artillery gun or missile launcher, with limited operational capacities and designed specifically to engage enemy tanks.
The National WWII Museum, formerly known as The National D-Day Museum, is a military history museum located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana, on Andrew Higgins Drive between Camp Street and Magazine Street.
The Third Battle of Kharkov was a series of battles on the Eastern Front of World War II, undertaken by the German Army Group South against the Red Army, around the city of Kharkov (or Kharkiv)Kharkov is the Russian language name of the city (Kharkiv the Ukrainian one); both Russian and Ukrainian were official languages in the Soviet Union (Source: & by Routledge) between 19 February and 15 March 1943.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo.
The United States Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC), in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, is the U.S. Army's primary historical research facility.
The United States Army War College (USAWC) is a U.S. Army educational institution in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500-acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks.
Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.
Vasily Danilovich Sokolovsky (Васи́лий Дани́лович Соколо́вский; July 21, 1897 – May 10, 1968) was a Soviet military commander.
The Voronezh Front (Воронежский Фронт) was a front (a military formation equivalent to army group) of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War.
Walter Hörnlein (2 January 1893 – 14 September 1961) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II, who commanded the Großdeutschland Division.
Walter Model (24 January 1891 – 21 April 1945) was a German field marshal during World War II.
General Walter-Otto Weiß, also spelt Weiss (5 September 1890 – 21 December 1967), was a German general during World War II.
Walther Nehring (15 August 1892 – 20 April 1983) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II who commanded the Afrika Korps.
Walther von Hünersdorff (28 November 1898 – 17 July 1943) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 6th Panzer Division.
A war diary is a regularly updated official record kept by military units of their activities during wartime.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Werner Kempf (9 March 1886 – 6 January 1964) was a German general during the Nazi era.
The Western Front was a front of the Red Army, one of the Red Army Fronts during World War II.
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wounded in action (WIA) describes combatants who have been wounded while fighting in a combat zone during wartime, but have not been killed.
XXXXI Panzer Corps (also written: Panzer Korps 41 or XLI Panzer Corps) was a tank corps in the German Army (Army) during World War II.
XXXXVIII Panzer Corps (also: XXXXVIII Army Corp or XXXXVIII. Armeekorps), was a corps-level formation of the German Army which saw extensive action on both the eastern and western fronts during World War II.
The Yakovlev Yak-9 was a single-engine fighter aircraft used by the Soviet Union in World War II and after.
− Zaporizhia (Запорі́жжя) or Zaporozhye (Запоро́жье), formerly Alexandrovsk (Алекса́ндровск), (Олександрівськ), is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River.
The 102nd Infantry Division was a German military infantry division during World War II.
The 106th Infantry Division (German: 106. Infanterie-Division) was a German division in World War II.
The German 10th Infantry Division was created in October 1934 under the cover name Wehrgauleitung Regensburg (later Kommandant von Regensburg) to hide its violation of the Treaty of Versailles.
The 10th Tank Corps was a Soviet tank corps of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 110th Infantry division was formed in April 1940 in Lüneburg, Germany under the 11.
The 11th Guards Army was a Soviet field army active from 1943 to 1997, which traces its origins to the formation of the Soviet 16th Army in June–July 1940.
The 11th Guards Mechanized Brigade is a unit of the Armed Forces of Belarus based in Slonim.
The 11th Panzer Division (11th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The 12th Guards Uman Orders of Lenin Red Banner and Suvorov Tank Division was a tank division of the Soviet Ground Forces.
The 13th Army (Russian: 13-я армия 13-ya armiya) was a name given to several field armies of the Soviet Union's Red Army, first created during the Russian Civil War.
The 15th Rifle Division (15-я стрелковая дивизия) was a military formation of the Red Army formed by renaming the Red Army's Inza Revolutionary Division on 30 April 1919.
The 17th Air Army (17-я воздушная армия) was an Air army of the Red Air Force and Soviet Air Forces from 1942.
The 17th Panzer Division (17.) was a formation of the Wehrmacht in World War II.
The 18th Panzer Division (18.) was a German World War II armoured division that fought on the Eastern Front from 1941 until its disbandment in 1943.
The 19th Panzer Division (19th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.
1st Air Division (1. Flieger-Division) was one of the primary divisions of the German Luftwaffe in World War II.
The 1st Guards Tank Army is a tank army of the Russian Ground Forces.
The 1st Panzer Army (1.) was a German tank army which was a large armoured formation of the Wehrmacht during World War II.
The 1st SS Panzer Division "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler", short LSSAH, (1.) began as Adolf Hitler's personal bodyguard, responsible for guarding the Führer's person, offices, and residences.
The German 208th Infantry Division, or 208.Infanterie-Division in German, was a large military unit that served during World War II.
The 20th Panzer Division (20th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.
The 216th Infantry Division (216.) was a German Army division that was created during the Second World War; it was active from 1939–1943.
The 292nd Infantry Division was an infantry formation of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 299th Infantry Division (299.) was a German Army infantry division in World War II.
The 2nd Air Army (2 VA) was a formation of the Aviation of the Red Army (Soviet Air Force) as part of the Soviet Armed Forces during the Second World War.
The 2nd Army (German: 2. Armee Oberkommando) was a World War II field army.
The 2nd Tatsinskaya Guards Tank Corps was a Red Army tank corps that saw service during World War II on the Eastern Front.
The 2nd Infantry Division of Nazi Germany's Army was created from components of the Reichswehr's old 2nd Division in 1934, at first under the cover name Wehrgauleitung Stettin and later Artillerieführer II; it did not take its real name until October 1935.
The 2nd Panzer Army (2.) was a German armoured formation during World War II, formed from the 2nd Panzer Group on October 5, 1941.
The 2nd Panzer Division (2nd Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.
The 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" (2. SS-Panzerdivision "Das Reich".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 2nd Tank Corps was a Red Army armoured formation that saw service during World War II on the Eastern Front.
The 307th Rifle Division was raised in 1941 as a standard Red Army rifle division, and served for the duration of the Great Patriotic War in that role.
The 320th Infantry Division was created on 2 December 1940 in Lübeck from parts of the 58th Infantry Division and 254th Infantry Division.
The 32nd Guards Tank Division was a tank formation of the Soviet Army/Soviet Ground Forces.
The 38th Red Banner Army was a field army of the Soviet Union that existed between 1941 and 1991.
The 3rd Panzer Division (3rd Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II.
The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (3. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 40th Army of the Soviet Union's Soviet Army was an army-level command that participated in World War II from 1941 to 1945 and was reformed specifically for the Soviet War in Afghanistan from 1979 to circa 1990.
With the annexation in 1938 of Austria by Nazi Germany, what was once the 4th Austrian Division was incorporated into the Wehrmacht (German Army) and re-designated the 45th Infantry Division.
The 4th Panzer Army (German: 4. Panzerarmee) was, before being designated a full army, the Panzer Group 4 (Panzergruppe 4), a German panzer army during World War II.
The 4th Panzer Division (4th Tank Division) was an armored division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1938.
The 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere Panzerabteilung 503; abbreviated: "s.Pz.Abt. 503") was a Nazi German heavy Panzer Abteilung (independent battalion-sized unit) equipped with Tiger I and Panzer III tanks.
The 5th Air Army was an air army of the Soviet Air Forces and later the Ukrainian Air Force.
The 5th Guards Army was a Soviet Guards formation which fought in many critical actions during World War II under the command of General Aleksey Semenovich Zhadov.
The 5th Guards Zimovnikovskaya order Kutuzov II degree Motor Rifle Division, (Military Unit Number (V/Ch) 51852 from 1979) named on the 60th anniversary of the USSR, was a military formation of the Soviet Ground Forces.
The 5th Guards Tank Army (Russian: 5-я гварде́йская та́нковая а́рмия) was a Soviet Guards armored formation which fought in many notable actions during World War II.
The 5th Panzer Division (5th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1938.
The 5th SS Panzer Division "Wiking" (5. SS-Panzerdivision "Wiking".) was a Panzer division among the thirty eight Waffen-SS divisions of Nazi Germany.
The 653rd Heavy Panzerjäger Battalion (Schwere Panzerjäger-Abteilung 653.) was a tank destroyer unit of the Wehrmacht active during World War II.
The 67th Guards Rifle Division was created on January 21, 1943 from the 304th Rifle Division, in the 65th Army of Don Front, in recognition of that division's leading role in reducing the German 6th Army during Operation Ring, the destruction of the encircled German and Romanian forces at Stalingrad.
The 6th Guards Army was a Soviet Guards formation which fought against Nazi Germany during World War II under the command of General Ivan Mikhailovich Chistiakov.
The 6th Infantry Division (6. Infanterie-Division) was a unit of the German Army during World War II.
The 6th Panzer Division (6th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Heer, during World War II, established in 1939.
The 72nd Infantry Division (72.) was created on 19 September 1939 in Trier from Grenz-Division Trier, which was a border security unit.
The 72nd Mechanized Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.
The 78th Infantry Division (German: 78. Infanterie-Division), later the 78th Sturm (Assault) Division, was a German infantry formation which fought during World War II.
The Red Army's 7th Guards Army was re-designated from the Soviet 64th Army on April 16, 1943.
The 7th Infantry Division (7. Infanterie-Division) was a formation of the German Wehrmacht during World War II.
The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II.
The 81st Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
8th Air Corps (VIII. Fliegerkorps) was formed 19 July 1939 in Oppeln as Fliegerführer z.b.V. ("for special purposes").
The 8th Panzer Division was a formation of the Wehrmacht ''Heer''.
The 90th Guards Rifle Vitebsk Division was an infantry division of the Red Army during World War II.
The 9th Army (9.) was a World War II field army.
The 9th Panzer Division was a panzer division of the Wehrmacht Army during World War II.
The 9th Tank Division was the designation of two separate formations of the Soviet Army.
Battle Of Kursk, Battle for Kursk, Battle of kursk, Battle of the Kursk Bulge, Kursk Offensive, Kursk Strategic Defensive Operation, Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation, Operation Zitadel, Operation Zitadelle, The Battle Of Kursk, The Battle of Kursk, The Kursk Bulge, Unternehmen Zitadelle, World War II/Kursk.