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Battle of Messines (1914)

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The Battle of Messines was fought in October 1914 between the armies of the German and British empires, as part of the Race to the Sea, between the river Douve and the Comines–Ypres canal. [1]

85 relations: Aire-sur-la-Lys, Aisne (river), Armentières, Bailleul, Nord, Battle of Armentières, Battle of La Bassée, Béthune, Beauvoir De Lisle, Belgium, British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Brussels, Calais, Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards), Comines, Nord, Cuirassier, Deûlémont, Diksmuide, Douai, Douve, Dranouter, Dunkirk, Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, Eighth Army (France), Erich von Falkenhayn, Estaires, Ferdinand Foch, First Battle of Ypres, Flanders, Flêtre, French language, Georg von der Marwitz, German Empire, Ghent, Great Retreat, Halluin, Hazebrouck, Heuvelland, History of the Great War, Hollebeke, Houplines, Household Cavalry Composite Regiment, Hubert Gough, James Edward Edmonds, Joseph Joffre, Kemmelberg, Kortrijk, Liège, Lille, Lys (river), ..., Max von Fabeck, Menen, Mesen, Mont des Cats, Passendale, Race to the Sea, Roubaix, Royal Flying Corps, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Saint-Omer, Second Army (France), Siege of Maubeuge, Tenth Army (France), Tourcoing, Trier, Urban warfare, Valenciennes, Warneton, Warneton, Belgium, West Flanders, Western Front (World War I), World War I, Ypres, Zonnebeke, 12th Royal Lancers, 1st Cavalry Division (United Kingdom), 26th Division (German Empire), 32nd Infantry Division (France), 3rd Cavalry Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Division (German Empire), 4th Army (German Empire), 6th Army (German Empire), 6th Cavalry Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Army (German Empire), 8th Infantry Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (35 more) »

Aire-sur-la-Lys

Aire-sur-la-Lys (Dutch: Ariën-aan-de-Leie) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Aisne (river)

The Aisne is a river in northeastern France.

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Armentières

Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

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Bailleul, Nord

Bailleul (Belle in Dutch) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Battle of Armentières

The Battle of Armentières (also Battle of Lille) was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.

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Battle of La Bassée

The Battle of La Bassée was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the contending armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.

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Béthune

Béthune (archaic and Bethwyn historically in English) is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.

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Beauvoir De Lisle

General Sir Henry de Beauvoir De Lisle, (27 July 1864 – 16 July 1955) was a British Army General who served in the Second Boer War and World War I.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.

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Calais

Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards)

The Carabiniers (6th Dragoon Guards) was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.

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Comines, Nord

Comines (Komen) is a commune of the Nord department in northern France.

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Cuirassier

Cuirassiers were cavalry equipped with armour and firearms, first appearing in late 15th-century Europe.

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Deûlémont

Deûlémont (from Deulemonde) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Diksmuide

Diksmuide (Dixmude, West Flemish: Diksmude) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.

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Douai

Douai (Dowaai; historically "Doway" in English) is a commune in the Nord département in northern France.

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Douve

The Douve or Ouve is a river, 79 kilometres in length, which rises in the commune of Tollevast, near Cherbourg in the department of Manche.

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Dranouter

Dranouter (Dutch, locally known as Nouter) is a village and a deelgemeente in the municipality of Heuvelland in West Flanders, Belgium.

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Dunkirk

Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.

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Eighth Army (France)

The Eighth Army (VIIIe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.

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Erich von Falkenhayn

General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.

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Estaires

Estaires is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Ferdinand Foch

Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.

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First Battle of Ypres

The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.

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Flanders

Flanders (Vlaanderen, Flandre, Flandern) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium, although there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history.

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Flêtre

Flêtre (from Vleteren) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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French language

French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.

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Georg von der Marwitz

Johannes Georg von der Marwitz (7 July 1856 – 27 October 1929) was a Prussian cavalry general, who commanded several German armies during the First World War on both the Eastern and Western fronts.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Ghent

Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.

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Great Retreat

The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).

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Halluin

Halluin (Halewijn) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Hazebrouck

Hazebrouck (Hazebroek) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Heuvelland

Heuvelland is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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History of the Great War

The History of the Great War Based on Official Documents by Direction of the Committee of Imperial Defence (abbreviated to History of the Great War or British Official History) is a series of concerning the war effort of the British state during the First World War.

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Hollebeke

Hollebeke is a Flemish village in the Belgian province of West Vlaanderen, now part of Ypres city.

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Houplines

Houplines is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Household Cavalry Composite Regiment

The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment was a temporary, wartime-only, cavalry regiment of the British Army consisting of personnel drawn from the 1st Life Guards, 2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards.

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Hubert Gough

General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963) was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.

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James Edward Edmonds

Brigadier General Sir James Edward Edmonds (25 December 1861 – 2 August 1956) was a British First World War officer of the Royal Engineers.

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Joseph Joffre

Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.

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Kemmelberg

Kemmelberg is a hill formation in Flanders, Belgium.

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Kortrijk

Kortrijk (in English also Courtrai or Courtray; official name in Dutch: Kortrijk,; West Flemish: Kortryk or Kortrik, Courtrai,; Cortoriacum) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.

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Liège

Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.

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Lille

Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.

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Lys (river)

The Lys (French) or Leie (Dutch/German) is a river in France and Belgium, and a left-bank tributary of the Scheldt.

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Max von Fabeck

Herrmann Gustav Karl Max von Fabeck (6 May 1854 – † 16 December 1916) was a Prussian military officer and a German General der Infantarie during World War I. He commanded the 13th Corps in the 5th Army and took part in the Race to the Sea on the Western Front and also commanded the new 11th Army on the Eastern Front.

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Menen

Menen (Menin, West Flemish dialect: Mêenn or Mêende) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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Mesen

Mesen (Messines in French, historically used in English) is a city located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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Mont des Cats

Mont des Cats is a small hill (alt. 164m) near the town of Godewaersvelde, in French Flanders.

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Passendale

Passendale or Passchendaele (obsolete spelling, retained in English) is a rural Belgian village in the Zonnebeke municipality of West Flanders province.

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Race to the Sea

The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.

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Roubaix

Roubaix is a city in Northern France, located in the Lille metropolitan area.

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Royal Flying Corps

The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.

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Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria

Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.

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Saint-Omer

Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.

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Second Army (France)

The Second Army (IIe Armée) was a field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.

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Siege of Maubeuge

The Siege of Maubeuge took place from at le camp retranché de Maubeuge (the Entrenched Camp of Maubeuge) the start of World War I on the Western Front.

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Tenth Army (France)

The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.

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Tourcoing

Tourcoing is a city in northern France.

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Trier

Trier (Tréier), formerly known in English as Treves (Trèves) and Triers (see also names in other languages), is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle.

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Urban warfare

Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.

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Valenciennes

Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae, Valincyinne) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Warneton

Warneton is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Warneton, Belgium

Warneton (in Dutch Waasten, in Picard Varnetån or Warneuton) is a section of the Belgian municipality of Comines-Warneton in Wallonia in the province of Hainaut.

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West Flanders

West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen; West Flemish: West Vloandern; French: (Province de) Flandre-Occidentale; German: Westflandern) is the most western province of the Flemish Region, in Belgium.

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Western Front (World War I)

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Ypres

Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.

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Zonnebeke

Zonnebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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12th Royal Lancers

The 12th (Prince of Wales's) Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army first formed in 1715.

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1st Cavalry Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Cavalry Division was a regular Division of the British Army during the First World War where it fought on the Western Front.

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26th Division (German Empire)

The 26th Division (26. Division), formally the 26th Division (1st Royal Württemberg) (26. Division (1. Königlich Württembergische)), was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.

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32nd Infantry Division (France)

The 32nd Infantry Division (32e Division d'Infanterie, 32e DI) was a French Army formation during World War I and World War II.

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3rd Cavalry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 3rd Cavalry Brigade was a cavalry brigade of the British Army.

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3rd Division (German Empire)

The 3rd Division (3. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.

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4th Army (German Empire)

The 4th Army (4.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VI Army Inspection.

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6th Army (German Empire)

The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.

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6th Cavalry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 6th Cavalry Brigade was a cavalry brigade of the British Army.

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7th Army (German Empire)

The 7th Army (7.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the II Army Inspection.

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8th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 8th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.

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Redirects here:

1st Battle of Messines, Messines 1914.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Messines_(1914)

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