58 relations: Army group, Émile Fayolle, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Thiepval Ridge, Cambridge University Press, Cheshire Regiment, Combles, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Erich Ludendorff, Erich von Falkenhayn, Fahrenheit, Ferdinand Foch, Fourth Army (United Kingdom), France, Fritz von Below, Fritz von Loßberg, Geoffrey Feilding, German General Staff, Germany, Guards Division (United Kingdom), Gueudecourt, Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, III Royal Bavarian Corps, Joseph Joffre, Landwehr, Lesbœufs, Major general, Max von Gallwitz, Morval, New Zealand Division, Paul von Hindenburg, Reserve Army (United Kingdom), Rudolph Lambart, 10th Earl of Cavan, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Sailly-Saillisel, Salient (military), Sixth Army (France), Stokes mortar, Strafing, Tenth Army (France), Thomas Alfred Jones, Western Front (World War I), World War I, XXVI Reserve Corps (German Empire), 1st Army (German Empire), 1st Guards Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Indian Cavalry Division, 2nd Army (German Empire), ..., 3rd Guards Brigade (United Kingdom), 50th Reserve Division (German Empire), 51st Reserve Division (German Empire), 52nd Reserve Division (German Empire), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 6th Army (German Empire), 6th Royal Bavarian Division, 7th Reserve Division (German Empire). Expand index (8 more) » « Shrink index
An army group is a military organization consisting of several field armies, which is self-sufficient for indefinite periods.
Marie Émile Fayolle (14 May 1852 – 27 August 1928) was a Marshal of France.
The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.
The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Thiepval Ridge was the first large offensive mounted by the Reserve Army (Lieutenant General Hubert Gough), during the Battle of the Somme on the Western Front during the First World War.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
The Cheshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Combles is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.
The Fourth Army was a field army that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Fritz Theodor Carl von Below (23 September 1853 – 23 November 1918) was a Prussian general in the German Army during the First World War.
Friedrich Karl "Fritz" von Loßberg (30 April 1868 – 4 May 1942) was a German colonel, and later general, of World War I. He was a strategic planner, especially of defence, who was Chief of Staff for the 2nd, 3rd and 4th armies.
Major General Sir Geoffrey Percy Thynne Feilding, (21 September 1866 – 21 October 1932) was a senior British Army officer who served as Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding London District from 1918 to 1920.
The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Guards Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was formed in the Great War in France in 1915 from battalions of the elite Guards regiments from the Regular Army.
Gueudecourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, (20 February 1864 – 28 March 1925), known as Sir Henry Rawlinson, 2nd Baronet between 1895 and 1919, was a British First World War general best known for his roles in the Battle of the Somme of 1916 and the Battle of Amiens in 1918.
The III Royal Bavarian Army Corps / III Bavarian AK (III.) was a corps level command of the Royal Bavarian Army, part of the German Army, before and during World War I. As the German and Bavarian Armies expanded in the latter part of the 19th century, the III Royal Bavarian Army Corps of the Bavarian Army was set up on 1 April 1900 in Nuremberg as the Generalkommando (headquarters) for Middle Franconia, the Upper Palatinate and parts of Upper Franconia, Lower Bavaria and Upper Bavaria.
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.
Landwehr, or Landeswehr, is a German language term used in referring to certain national armies, or militias found in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Europe.
Lesbœufs is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Max Karl Wilhelm von Gallwitz (2 May 1852 – 18 April 1937) was a German general from Breslau (Wrocław), Silesia, who served with distinction during World War I on both the Eastern and Western Fronts.
Morval is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
The Reserve Army was a field army of the British Army and part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.
Field Marshal Frederick Rudolph Lambart, 10th Earl of Cavan, (16 October 1865 – 28 August 1946), known as Viscount Kilcoursie from 1887 until 1900, was a British Army officer and Chief of the Imperial General Staff.
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.
Sailly-Saillisel is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Sixth Army (6eme Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Stokes mortar was a British trench mortar invented by Sir Wilfred Stokes KBE that was issued to the British, Empire and U.S. armies, as well as the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP), during the later half of the First World War.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
Thomas Alfred Jones, VC, DCM (25 December 1880 – 30 January 1956), also known as 'Todger' Jones, was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The XXVI Reserve Corps (XXVI.) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.
The 1st Army (1.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VIII Army Inspection.
The 1st Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army, formed in the First World War.
The 1st Indian Cavalry Division was a division of the British Indian Army formed at the outbreak of World War I. It served on the Western Front, being renamed as 4th Cavalry Division on 26 November 1916.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 2nd Army (2.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.
The 3rd Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army in World War I. It was formed in France in August 1915 with two battalions already on the Continent and another two from England.
The 50th Reserve Division (50. Reserve-Division) was a formation of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.
The 51st Reserve Division (51. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.
The 52nd Reserve Division (52. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.
The 6th Royal Bavarian Division was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army which served within the Imperial German Army.
The 7th Reserve Division (7. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914.