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Battle of Passchendaele

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The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire. [1]

131 relations: A. J. P. Taylor, Allies of World War I, American Expeditionary Forces, Artillery, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Caporetto, Battle of Messines (1917), Battle of Mont Sorrel, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the Yser, Battle of Verdun, Belgium, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Summer Time, Bruges, C. R. M. F. Cruttwell, Canadian Corps, Celtic cross, Christchurch, Combined arms, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, County of Artois, Cyril Falls, David Lloyd George, Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Duckboards, Dunedin, Eastern Front (World War I), Eingreif division, Enfilade and defilade, Erich Ludendorff, Erich von Falkenhayn, Ernest Gold (meteorologist), Ferdinand Foch, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fifth Army (United Kingdom), Fifth Battle of Ypres, First Battle of Ypres, Flanders, Flanders U-boat flotillas, François Anthoine, Frank Hurley, Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin, Fritz von Lossberg, General (United Kingdom), German Empire, German General Staff, Giffard Le Quesne Martel, ..., Guards Reserve Corps, Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, Hermann von Kuhl, Hindenburg Line, Hubert Gough, II ANZAC Corps, II Corps (United Kingdom), Italian Front (World War I), IX Corps (United Kingdom), James Edward Edmonds, John Charteris, John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, John Terraine, Joseph Joffre, Koekelare, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, Linda Fabiani, London Clay, Loos-en-Gohelle, Louis Ruquoy, Menin Gate, Mining (military), Nivelle Offensive, Oberste Heeresleitung, Office of Public Sector Information, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Operation Albion, Operation Hush, Otto von Below, Passchendaele (film), Passchendaele Memorial, Passendale, Paul Maistre, Picardy, Ploegsteert Wood, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Race to the Sea, Reginald Bacon, Reginald Pinney, Ricochet, Roeselare, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Salients, re-entrants and pockets, Scottish Parliament, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of Ypres, Talbot Hobbs, Tank, Torhout, Treaty of London (1839), Tyne Cot, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), West Flanders, Western Front (World War I), Westrozebeke, William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, Winter operations 1914–15, World War I, XIV Corps (United Kingdom), XIX Corps (United Kingdom), XVIII Corps (United Kingdom), Yale University Press, Ypres, Ypres Salient, Zonnebeke, 10th Ersatz Division (German Empire), 15th Brigade (Australia), 16th Division (German Empire), 19th Reserve Division (German Empire), 1st Canadian Division, 20th Division (German Empire), 2nd Canadian Division, 33rd Division (United Kingdom), 45th Reserve Division (German Empire), 4th Army (German Empire), 4th Guards Infantry Division (German Empire), 4th Royal Bavarian Division, 50th Reserve Division (German Empire), 5th Division (Australia), 6th Royal Bavarian Division. Expand index (81 more) »

Alan John Percivale "A.

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The Allies of World War I, also known as the Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers during the First World War.

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The American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) consisted of the United States Armed Forces sent to Europe under the command of General John J. Pershing in 1917 to help fight World War I. During the United States campaigns in World War I the AEF fought in France alongside French and British allied forces in the last year of the war, against German forces.

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Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.

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The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive during the First World War.

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The Battle of Cambrai (designated Battle of Cambrai, 1917 by the Battlefield Nomenclature Committee; also sometimes referred to as the First Battle of Cambrai) was a British offensive and German counter-offensive battle in the First World War.

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The Battle of Caporetto (also known as the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo, the Battle of Kobarid or the Battle of Karfreit as it was known by the Central Powers), took place from 24 October to 19 November 1917, near the town of Kobarid (now in north-western Slovenia, then part of the Austrian Littoral), on the Austro-Italian front of World War I. The battle was named after the Italian name of the town (also known as Karfreit in German).

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The Battle of Messines was an offensive conducted by the British Second Army, under the command of General Sir Herbert Plumer, on the Western Front near the village of Messines in Belgian West Flanders during the First World War.

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The Battle of Mont Sorrel (Battle of Mount Sorrel, Battle of Hill 62) was a local operation in World War I by three divisions of the British Second Army and three divisions of the German Fourth Army in the Ypres Salient, near Ypres, Belgium, from 2 to 14 June 1916.

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The Battle of the Lys also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Third Battle of Flanders, Operation Georgette, Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres, was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.

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The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.

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The Battle of the Yser (Bataille de l'Yser, Slag om de IJzer) was a battle which took place in October 1914 between the towns on Nieuwpoort and Diksmuide along a long stretch of the Yser river and Yperlee canal in Belgium.

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The Battle of Verdun (Bataille de Verdun,, Schlacht um Verdun) was fought from 21 February – 18 December 1916 during the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies, on hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France.

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Belgium (België; Belgique; Belgien), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe.

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The British Expeditionary Force or BEF was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

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Bruges (in English; Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.

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Charles Robert Mowbray Fraser Cruttwell (23 May 1887 – 14 March 1941) was a British historian and academic who served as dean and later principal of Hertford College, Oxford.

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The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.

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Celtic cross (cros Cheilteach, crois Cheilteach, crosh Cheltiagh, croes Geltaidd, krows keltek, kroaz geltek) is a symbol that combines a cross with a ring surrounding the intersection; the cross' stem being longer than the other three intersection.

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Christchurch (Ōtautahi) is the largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the country's third-most populous urban area.

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Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).

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The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.

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The County of Artois was an historic province of the Kingdom of France, held by the Dukes of Burgundy from 1384 until 1477/82, and a state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1493 until 1659.

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Cyril Bentham Falls CBE (March 2, 1888 – April 23, 1971) was a military historian noted for his work on the First World War.

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David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal politician and statesman.

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Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928) was a British senior officer during the First World War.

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A duckboard is a platform made of wooden slats built over muddy ground to form a dry passageway.

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Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago Region.

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During World War I, the Eastern Front (Восточный фронт, sometimes called the "Second Fatherland War" or "Second Patriotic War" (Вторая Отечественная война) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and Germany on the other.

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Eingreif division was a type of German Army formation of World War I established in 1917, which was responsible for engaging in immediate counter-attacks against enemy troops who broke through a defensive position being held by a "front-holding" division (Stellungsdivision).

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Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.

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Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (sometimes incorrectly referred to as von Ludendorff) (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, victor of Liège and of the Battle of Tannenberg.

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General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was a German soldier and Chief of the General Staff during the first two years of the First World War.

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Ernest Gold CB DSO OBE FRS (24 July 1881 – 30 January 1976) was a British meteorologist.

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Marshal Ferdinand Foch, (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French soldier, military theorist and the Allied Généralissime during the First World War.

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Field marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.

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The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.

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The Fifth Battle of Ypres, also called the Advance of Flanders and the Battle of the Peaks of Flanders (Bataille des Crêtes de Flandres) is an informal name used to identify a series of battles in northern France and southern Belgium from late September through October 1918.

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The First Battle of Ypres was a First World War battle fought around Ypres, in western Belgium during October and November 1914.

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Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen, Flandre) today normally refers to the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium.

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The Flanders U-boat flotillas were Imperial German Navy formations set up to prosecute the U-boat campaign against Allied shipping in the British Home Waters during the First World War.

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François Paul Anthoine (28 February 1860 – 25 December 1944) was a French army general during World War I, most notable during Robert Nivelle's ill-fated campaign in 1917 and later the Third Battle of the Aisne.

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James Francis "Frank" Hurley, OBE (15 October 1885 – 16 January 1962) was an Australian photographer and adventurer.

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Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin (27 November 1851 – 30 September 1936) was a German general during the First World War.

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Friedrich Karl "Fritz" von Lossberg (30 April 1868 – 4 May 1942) was a German colonel, and later general, of World War I. He was a strategic planner, especially of defence, who was Chief of Staff for the Second, Third and Fourth Armies.

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General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by professional officers of the British Army.

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The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich), variously referred to as the German Reich or Realm, or Imperial Germany, was the historical German nation state that existed from the unification of Germany in 1871 to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II in November 1918, when Germany became a federal republic.

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The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.

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Lieutenant-General Sir Giffard Le Quesne Martel, KCB, KBE, DSO, MC, M I Mech E (10 October 1889 – 3 September 1958) was a British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.

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The Guards Reserve Corps (Garde-Reserve-Korps / Garde RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

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General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, (20 February 1864 – 28 March 1925), known as Sir Henry Rawlinson, 2nd Baronet between 1895 and 1919, was a British First World War general best known for his roles in the Battle of the Somme of 1916 and the Battle of Amiens in 1918.

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Field Marshal Herbert Charles Onslow Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer, (13 March 1857 – 16 July 1932) was a senior British Army officer of the First World War.

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Hermann Josef von Kuhl (2 November 1856 – 4 November 1958) was a Prussian military officer, member of the German General Staff, and a Generalleutnant during World War I. One of the most competent commanders in the Imperial German Army, he retired in 1919 to write a number of critically acclaimed essays on the war.

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The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.

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General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough, GCB, GCMG, KCVO (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963), was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.

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The II ANZAC Corps (Second Anzac Corps) was an Australian and New Zealand First World War army corps formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganization of the Australian Imperial Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli in November 1915, under the command of William Birdwood.

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II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.

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The British IX Corps was an army corps formation that existed during World War I and World War II.

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Brigadier General Sir James Edward Edmonds CB, CMG (25 December 1861 – 2 August 1956) was a British First World War officer of the Royal Engineers who in the role of British official historian was responsible for the post-war compilation of the 28-volume History of the Great War.

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Brigadier General John Charteris CMG, DSO (1877–1946) was a British general during the First World War.

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Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a British Army officer.

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John Alfred Terraine (January 15, 1921 in London - December 28, 2003 in London) was a TV screenwriter, and leading British military historian, although not permanently associated with any academic institution.

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Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre, G.C.B., O.M. (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general, who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.

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Koekelare is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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Lens is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.

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Linda Fabiani (born 14 December 1956, Glasgow) is a Scottish politician, with Italian origins.

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The London Clay Formation is a marine geological formation of Ypresian (Lower Eocene Epoch, c. 56-49 Ma) age which crops out in the southeast of England.

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Loos-en-Gohelle is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

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Lieutenant-General Louis Ruquoy (or Louis Rucquoy) (1861 – 1937) was the Chief of Staff of the Belgian Army during the second part ot the First World War.

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The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing is a war memorial in Ypres, Belgium, dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the Ypres Salient of World War I and whose graves are unknown.

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Military mining, undermining or tunnel warfare is a siege method based on mining techniques which has been used since antiquity against a walled city, fortress, castle or other strongly held and fortified military position.

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The Nivelle Offensive in 1917, was a Franco-British offensive on the Western Front in the First World War.

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The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command) or OHL was Germany's highest echelon of command of the German Army (Heer) in World War I. In the later phase of the war, the so-called "Third OHL" assumed dictatorial powers and was de facto in control of German government policies.

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The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (usually abbreviated as HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.

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Operation Albion was the German land and naval operation in September–October 1917 to invade and occupy the West Estonian Archipelago, then part of the Autonomous Governorate of Estonia, Russian Republic.

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Operation Hush was a British plan to make amphibious landings on the Belgian coast in 1917 during World War I, supported by an attack from Nieuport and the Yser bridgehead, which were a legacy of the Battle of the Yser (1914).

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Otto Ernst Vincent Leo von Below (18 January 1857 in Danzig (now Gdańsk) – 15 March 1944 also in Danzig) was a Prussian general officer in the Imperial German Army during the First World War.

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Passchendaele is a 2008 Canadian war film, written, co-produced, directed by, and starring Paul Gross.

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The Passchendaele Memorial is a Canadian war memorial that commemorates the actions of the Canadian Corps in the Second Battle of Passchendaele of World War I. The memorial is located on the former site of Crest Farm, an objective captured by the 4th Canadian Division during the assault of 30 October 1917.

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Passendale or Passchendaele (obsolete spelling, retained in English) is a rural Belgian village in the Zonnebeke municipality of West Flanders province.

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Paul André Marie Maistre, (20 June 1858 – 25 July 1922) was a highly decorated French general who fought in World War I. Maistre commanded the French Sixth Army at the Battle of La Malmaison.

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Picardy (Picardie) is one of the 27 regions of France.

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Ploegsteert Wood was a sector of the Western Front in Flanders in World War I, part of the Ypres Salient.

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The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom.

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The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers (7 August–13 September) and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.

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Admiral Sir Reginald Hugh Spencer Bacon (6 September 1863 – 9 June 1947) was an officer in the Royal Navy noted for his technical abilities.

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Major-General Sir Reginald John Pinney, KCB (2 August 1863 – 18 February 1943) was a British Army officer who served as a divisional commander during the First World War.

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A ricochet is a rebound, bounce or skip off a surface, particularly in the case of a projectile.

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Roeselare (Roulers) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.

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Rupprecht or Rupert, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Kronprinz Rupprecht von Bayern) (18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last Bavarian Crown Prince.

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A salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.

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The Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland.

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The British Second Army was a field army of the British Army active during both World War I and World War II.

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During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.

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Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs KCB, KCMG, VD (24 August 1864 – 21 April 1938) was an Australian architect and First World War general.

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A tank is a large type of armoured fighting vehicle with tracks, designed for front-line combat.

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Torhout is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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The Treaty of London of 1839, also called the First Treaty of London, the Convention of 1839, the London Treaty of Separation, the Quintuple Treaty of 1839, or the Treaty of the XXIV articles, was a treaty signed on 19 April 1839 between the Concert of Europe, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom of Belgium.

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Tyne Cot Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery and Memorial to the Missing is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) burial ground for the dead of the First World War in the Ypres Salient on the Western Front.

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VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

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West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen; West Flemish: West Vloandern; French: (Province de) Flandre-Occidentale; German: Westflandern) is the most western province of the Flemish Region, also named Flanders, in Belgium.

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Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France.

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Westrozebeke is a village in the Belgian province of West-Flanders.

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Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood (13 September 1865 – 17 May 1951) was a British Army officer.

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Winter operations 1914–15 is a name given to military operations during the First World War from 1915, on the part of the Western Front held by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), in French and Belgian Flanders.

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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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XIV Corps was a British infantry corps during World War I. During World War II the identity was recreated for deceptive purposes.

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The British XIX Corps was a British infantry corps during World War I.

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The British XVIII Corps was a British infantry corps during World War I. It was reactivated, briefly, in Cyprus during World War II as part of a military deception.

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Yale University Press is a university press associated with Yale University.

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Ypres ('Ieper') is a Belgian municipality located in the Flemish province of West Flanders.

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The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I. In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.

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Zonnebeke is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.

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The 10th Ersatz Division (10. Ersatz-Division) was a unit of the German Army, in World War I. The division was formed on the mobilization of the German Army in August 1914.

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The 15th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Australian Army.

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The 16th Division (16. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.

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The 19th Reserve Division (19. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed on mobilization of the German Army in August 1914 as part of X Reserve Corps.

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The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Army, based at CFB Kingston.

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The 20th Division (20. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.

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The 2nd Canadian Division (2 Can Div) is responsible for Canadian Army operations in the Canadian province of Quebec.

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The 33rd Division was a New Army infantry division of the British Army formed in 1914 during World War I as the 40th Division in the K5 Army group then renumbered in April 1915 as part of the new K4 Army Group.

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The 45th Reserve Division (45. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in August 1914 and organized over the next two months.

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The 4th Army (4.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VI Army Inspection.

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The 4th Guards Infantry Division (4. Garde-Infanterie-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed on May 18, 1915.

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The 4th Royal Bavarian Division was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army which served alongside the Prussian Army as part of the Imperial German Army.

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The 50th Reserve Division (50. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed in September 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in October.

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The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.

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The 6th Royal Bavarian Division was a unit of the Royal Bavarian Army which served alongside the Prussian Army as part of the Imperial German Army.

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Redirects here:

3rd Battle of Ypres, Battle of Passchendale, Battle of Passendale, Battle of Third Ypres, Battle of passchendaele, Final Battle of Ypres, Passchendaele Ridge, Passendale campaign, Second Battle of Flanders, The Battle of Passchendaele, Third Battle of Ypres, Third Flanders Battle, Third Ypres, Third battle of Ypres, Third battle of ypres, Ypres 1917, Ypres, 1917.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Passchendaele

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