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Battle of Singapore

Index Battle of Singapore

The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East". [1]

158 relations: Adolf Hitler, Air supremacy, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Alexandra Hospital, Ambon Island, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, Amphibious warfare, Anti-Japanese sentiment, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Armor-piercing shell, Arthur Percival, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Australia in the War of 1939–1945, Australian War Memorial, Battle of Muar, Battle of Pasir Panjang, Bayonet, Beachhead, Bicycle infantry, Billy Key, BL 15 inch Mk I naval gun, Bombing of Singapore (1941), Brewster F2A Buffalo, British Far East Command, British Indian Army, British Malaya, British Military Hospital, Singapore, British Raj, Bukit Timah, Burma Campaign, Burma Railway, Cathay Building, Cecil Callaghan, Changi Prison, Charles Groves Wright Anderson, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), China, Close air support, Dalforce, David J. Murnane, Destroyer, Duncan Maxwell, Dutch East Indies, Economic sanctions, Empire of Japan, Fairmile Marine, Far East prisoners of war, Force Z, Fort Canning Hill, Frank Keith Simmons, ..., French Indochina, Gibraltar, Gordon Bennett (general), Harold Burfield Taylor, Hawker Hurricane, Hell ship, III Corps (India), Imperial Guard (Japan), Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Imperial Japanese Navy, Imperial Service Troops, Imphal, Indian independence movement, Indian National Army, Istana Bukit Serene, Japanese occupation of Singapore, Japanese order of battle during the Malayan Campaign, Joachim von Ribbentrop, John Coates (general), John Curtin, Johor, Johor Bahru, Johor–Singapore Causeway, Johore Battery, Jurong, Keppel Harbour, Kohima, Lewis Heath, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Light tank, Malay Peninsula, Malaya Command, Malayan Campaign, Merton Beckwith-Smith, Military history of the United Kingdom, Mitsubishi G3M, Mitsubishi G4M, Motor Launch, Nakajima Ki-43, No. 232 Squadron RAF, No. 488 Squadron RNZAF, North Borneo, Old Ford Motor Factory, Operation Tiderace, Operation Zipper, Pacific War, Palembang, Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan, Philippines Campaign (1941–42), Prisoner of war, Rabaul, Rash Behari Bose, Renya Mutaguchi, Rising Sun Flag, Robert Brooke-Popham, Royal Air Force, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Malay Regiment, Royal New Zealand Air Force, Sandakan Death Marches, Second Sino-Japanese War, Sembawang, Shōwa period, Singapore in the Straits Settlements, Singapore strategy, Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, Sluice, Sook Ching, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, Southeast Asia, Straits Settlements, Straits Settlements Volunteer Force, Sultan Ibrahim Building, Sultan of Johor, Sumatra, Surrender of Japan, Takuma Nishimura, Takuro Matsui, Thailand, Timor, Tomoyuki Yamashita, Twenty-Fifth Army (Japan), Union Jack, Vickers machine gun, Victoria Cross, White flag, Wiltshire Regiment, Winston Churchill, World War II, 11th Infantry Division (India), 12th Indian Infantry Brigade, 18th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 18th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 1st Malaya Infantry Brigade, 2/15th Field Regiment (Australia), 2/18th Battalion (Australia), 2/19th Battalion (Australia), 2/20th Battalion (Australia), 2/26th Battalion (Australia), 2/29th Battalion (Australia), 2/30th Battalion (Australia), 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion (Australia), 22nd Brigade (Australia), 27th Brigade (Australia), 44th Indian Infantry Brigade, 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 8th Division (Australia), 9th Infantry Division (India). Expand index (108 more) »

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Air supremacy

Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.

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Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke

Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Alexandra Hospital

Alexandra Hospital is a hospital in Queenstown, Singapore.

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Ambon Island

Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia.

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American-British-Dutch-Australian Command

The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, or ABDACOM, was a short-lived, supreme command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, in early 1942, during the Pacific War in World War II.

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Anti-Japanese sentiment

Anti-Japanese sentiment (also called Japanophobia, Nipponophobia and anti-Japanism) involves the hatred or fear of anything Japanese.

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Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell

Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Armor-piercing shell

An armor-piercing shell, AP for short, is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate armor.

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Arthur Percival

Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival, (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer.

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Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.

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Australia in the War of 1939–1945

Australia in the War of 1939–1945 is a 22-volume official history series covering Australian involvement in the Second World War.

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Australian War Memorial

The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Battle of Muar

The Battle of Muar was the last major battle of the Malayan Campaign during the Second World War.

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Battle of Pasir Panjang

The Battle of Pasir Panjang, which took place between 13 and 15 February 1942, was part of the final stage of the Empire of Japan's invasion of Singapore during World War II.

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Bayonet

A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.

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Beachhead

A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.

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Bicycle infantry

Bicycle infantry are infantry soldiers who maneuver on (or, more often, between) battlefields using military bicycles.

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Billy Key

Major General Berthold Wells "Billy" Key, (19 December 1895 – 26 September 1986) was a British Indian Army officer.

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BL 15 inch Mk I naval gun

The BL 15 inch Mark I succeeded the BL 13.5 inch /45 naval gun.

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Bombing of Singapore (1941)

The bombing of Singapore was an attack on 8 December 1941 by seventeen G3M ''Nell'' bombers of Mihoro Air Group (Mihoro Kaigun Kōkūtai), Imperial Japanese Navy, flying from Thu Dau Mot in southern Indochina.

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Brewster F2A Buffalo

The Brewster F2A Buffalo is an American fighter aircraft which saw service early in World War II.

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British Far East Command

The Far East Command was a British military command which had 2 distinct periods.

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British Indian Army

The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.

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British Malaya

The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.

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British Military Hospital, Singapore

The British Military Hospital, Singapore was established in 1938 as the primary military hospital four miles west of Singapore at 378 Alexandra Road, and was also known as the Alexandra hospital for the area of Alexandra Park where it was built.

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British Raj

The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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Bukit Timah

Bukit Timah (புக்கித் திமா), often abbreviated as Bt Timah, is a planning area and residential estate located in the westernmost part of the Central Region of Singapore.

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Burma Campaign

The Burma Campaign was a series of battles fought in the British colony of Burma, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the invading forces of Imperial Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.

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Burma Railway

The Burma Railway, also known as the Death Railway, the Siam–Burma Railway, the Thai–Burma Railway and similar names, was a railway between Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built by the Empire of Japan in 1943 to support its forces in the Burma campaign of World War II.

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Cathay Building

The Cathay Building was opened in 1939 by Dato Loke Wan Tho as the headquarters for the British Malaya Broadcasting Corporation.

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Cecil Callaghan

Major General Cecil Arthur Callaghan, (31 July 1890 – 1 January 1967) was an Australian Army officer who served during the First and the Second World Wars.

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Changi Prison

Changi Prison Complex (樟宜监狱; Penjara Changi; சாங்கி சிறைச்சாலை), often simply known as Changi Prison, is a prison located in Changi in the eastern part of Singapore.

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Charles Groves Wright Anderson

Charles Groves Wright Anderson, VC, MC (12 February 1897 – 11 November 1988) was a South African-born soldier, Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, a member of the Australian House of Representatives, and a farmer.

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Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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Close air support

In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.

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Dalforce

Dalforce, or the Singapore Overseas Chinese Anti-Japanese Volunteer Army (星华义勇军; Xinghua Yi Yong Jun) was an irregular forces/guerrilla unit within the British Straits Settlements Volunteer Force during World War II.

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David J. Murnane

David Joseph Murnane (1892–1953) was Singapore's longest serving municipal water engineer, serving from 1925 to 1947.

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Destroyer

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.

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Duncan Maxwell

Brigadier Duncan Stuart Maxwell, MC (8 January 1892 – 21 December 1969), also known as Duncan Struan Maxwell, was a medical practitioner and an Australian Army officer who served in the First and the Second World Wars.

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Dutch East Indies

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.

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Economic sanctions

Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Fairmile Marine

Fairmile Marine was a British boat building company founded in 1939 by the car manufacturer Noel Macklin.

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Far East prisoners of war

Far East prisoners of war is a term used in the United Kingdom to describe former British and Commonwealth prisoners of war held in the Far East during the Second World War.

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Force Z

Force Z was a British naval squadron during the Second World War, consisting of the battleship, the battlecruiser and accompanying destroyers.

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Fort Canning Hill

Fort Canning Hill, formerly Government Hill, Singapore Hill and Bukit Larangan (Forbidden Hill in Malay), is a small hill about high in the southeast portion of the island city-state of Singapore, within the Central Area that forms Singapore's central business district.

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Frank Keith Simmons

Major General Frank Keith Simmons, (21 February 1888 – 22 September 1952) was a senior British Army officer during the Second World War.

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French Indochina

French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.

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Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Gordon Bennett (general)

Lieutenant General Henry Gordon Bennett (15 April 1887 – 1 August 1962) was a senior Australian Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.

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Harold Burfield Taylor

Brigadier Harold Burfield Taylor, (10 August 1890 – 15 March 1966) was an analytical chemist and an Australian Army officer who served in the First and the Second World Wars.

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Hawker Hurricane

The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.

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Hell ship

A hell ship is a ship with extremely unpleasant living conditions or with a reputation for cruelty among the crew.

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III Corps (India)

The III Corps was a formation of the Indian Army during World War I formed in Mesopotamia.

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Imperial Guard (Japan)

The Japanese is an organization which is dedicated to protection of the Emperor of Japan and his family, palaces and other imperial properties.

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Imperial Japanese Army Air Service

The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).

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Imperial Japanese Navy

The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.

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Imperial Service Troops

The Imperial Service Troops were forces raised by the princely states of the British Indian Empire.

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Imphal

Imphal is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur.

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Indian independence movement

The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.

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Indian National Army

The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in Southeast Asia during World War II.

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Istana Bukit Serene

Istana Bukit Serene is the royal palace and official residence of the Sultan of Johor, located in Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

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Japanese occupation of Singapore

The Japanese occupation of Singapore in World War II took place from 1942 to 1945, following the fall of the British colony on 15 February 1942.

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Japanese order of battle during the Malayan Campaign

The Japanese Imperial Army landed the 25th Army under the command of General Tomoyuki Yamashita on the east coasts of Malaya and Thailand on the night of 7 December 1941.

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Joachim von Ribbentrop

Ulrich Friedrich Wilhelm Joachim von Ribbentrop (30 April 1893 – 16 October 1946), more commonly known as Joachim von Ribbentrop, was Foreign Minister of Nazi Germany from 1938 until 1945.

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John Coates (general)

Lieutenant General Henry John Coates (born 28 December 1932) is a former senior officer in the Australian Army who served as Chief of the General Staff from 1990 to 1992.

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John Curtin

John Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1941 to his death in 1945.

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Johor

Johor or Johore is a Malaysian state, located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia.

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Johor Bahru

Johor Bahru, formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia.

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Johor–Singapore Causeway

The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.

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Johore Battery

The Johore Battery was a former British coastal artillery battery located in Changi on the easternmost side of mainland Singapore.

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Jurong

Jurong (ஜூரோங்) is a geographical region located at the south-westernmost point of the West Region of Singapore.

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Keppel Harbour

Keppel Harbour (Pelabuhan Keppel), also called the Keppel Channel, is a stretch of water in Singapore between the mainland and the southern islands of Pulau Brani and Sentosa (formerly Pulau Blakang Mati).

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Kohima

Kohima is the hilly capital city of India's north eastern state of Nagaland.

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Lewis Heath

Lieutenant General Sir Lewis Macclesfield Heath, (23 November 1885 – 10 January 1954) was an officer in the British Indian Army during the early to mid-twentieth century.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Light tank

A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.

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Malay Peninsula

The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Malaya Command

The Malaya Command was a formation of the British Army formed in the 1920s for the coordination of the defences of British Malaya, which comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States.

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Malayan Campaign

The Malayan Campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942 during the Second World War.

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Merton Beckwith-Smith

Major General Merton Beckwith-Smith, (11 July 1890 – 11 November 1942) was a senior British Army officer during both the First and Second World Wars.

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Military history of the United Kingdom

The military history of the United Kingdom covers the period from the creation of the united Kingdom of Great Britain, with the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, to the present day.

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Mitsubishi G3M

The Mitsubishi G3M (九六式陸上攻撃機 Kyūroku-shiki rikujō kōgeki-ki: Type 96 land-based attack aircraft "Rikko"; Allied reporting name "Nell") was a Japanese bomber and transport aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS) during World War II.

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Mitsubishi G4M

The Mitsubishi G4M (long designation: Mitsubishi Navy Type 1 attack bomber: 一式陸上攻撃機, 一式陸攻 Isshiki rikujō kōgeki ki, Isshikirikkō) was the main twin-engine, land-based bomber used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service in World War II.

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Motor Launch

A motor launch (ML) is a small military vessel in Royal Navy service.

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Nakajima Ki-43

The Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (隼, "Peregrine Falcon", "Army Type 1 Fighter" (一式戦闘機)) was a single-engine land-based tactical fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.

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No. 232 Squadron RAF

No.

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No. 488 Squadron RNZAF

488 Squadron was the name given to two distinct Royal New Zealand Air Force squadrons during the Second World War.

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North Borneo

North Borneo (usually known as British North Borneo, also known as the State of North Borneo) was a British protectorate located in the northern part of the island of Borneo.

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Old Ford Motor Factory

The Old Ford Motor Factory, opened in October 1941 in Bukit Timah and located along Upper Bukit Timah Road, is a historic building in Singapore.

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Operation Tiderace

Operation Tiderace was the codename of the British plan to retake Singapore following the Japanese surrender in 1945.

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Operation Zipper

During World War II, Operation Zipper was a British plan to capture either Port Swettenham or Port Dickson, Malaya as staging areas for the recapture of Singapore in Operation Mailfist.

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Pacific War

The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.

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Palembang

Palembang (Indonesian pronunciation: palɛmˈbaŋ) is the capital city of South Sumatra province of Indonesia.

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Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan

Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan (29 July 1910 – 13 February 1942) was a captain in the British Indian Army who was convicted of treason, after spying for Japan during the Malayan campaign of World War II.

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Philippines Campaign (1941–42)

The Philippines Campaign (Filipino: Kampanya sa Pilipinas or Labanan sa Pilipinas) or the Battle of the Philippines, fought 8 December 1941 – 8 May 1942, was the invasion of the Philippines by Imperial Japan and the defense of the islands by United States and Filipino forces during the Second World War.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Rabaul

Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea.

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Rash Behari Bose

Rash Behari Bose (রাসবিহারী বসু Rashbihari Boshu; 25 May 188621 January 1945) was an Indian revolutionary leader against the British Raj and was one of the key organisers of the Ghadar Mutiny and later the Indian National Army.

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Renya Mutaguchi

was a Japanese military officer, lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

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Rising Sun Flag

The design was originally used by feudal warlords in Japan during the Edo period.

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Robert Brooke-Popham

Air Chief Marshal Sir Henry Robert Moore Brooke-Popham, (18 September 1878 – 20 October 1953) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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Royal Australian Air Force

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).

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Royal Malay Regiment

The Royal Malay Regiment (Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja; Jawi: ريجيمن عسكر ملايو دراج) is the premier unit of the Malaysian Army's two infantry regiments.

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Royal New Zealand Air Force

The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) (Maori: Te Tauaarangi o Aotearoa, "New Zealand Warriors of the Sky"; previously Te Hokowhitu o Kahurangi, "War Party of the Blue") is the air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force.

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Sandakan Death Marches

The Sandakan Death Marches were a series of forced marches in Borneo from Sandakan to Ranau which resulted in the deaths of 2,345 Allied prisoners of war held captive by the Empire of Japan during the Pacific campaign of World War II in the Sandakan POW Camp.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Sembawang

Sembawang is a planning area and residential town located the North Region of Singapore.

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Shōwa period

The, or Shōwa era, refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito, from December 25, 1926 until his death on January 7, 1989.

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Singapore in the Straits Settlements

Singapore in the Straits Settlements refers to a period in the history of Singapore from 1826 to 1942, during which Singapore was part of the Straits Settlements together with Penang and Malacca.

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Singapore strategy

The Singapore strategy was a naval defence policy of the British Empire that evolved in a series of war plans from 1919 to 1941.

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Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse

The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement in the Second World War, part of the war in the Pacific, that took place north of Singapore, off the east coast of Malaya, near Kuantan, Pahang, where the British Royal Navy battleship and battlecruiser were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 10 December 1941.

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Sluice

A sluice (from the Dutch "sluis") is a water channel controlled at its head by a gate.

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Sook Ching

The Sook Ching (meaning "purge through cleansing") was a systematic purge of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore by the Japanese military during the Japanese occupation of Singapore and Malaya, after the British colony surrendered on 15 February 1942 following the Battle of Singapore.

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South-East Asian theatre of World War II

The South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was the name given to the campaigns of the Pacific War in Burma, Ceylon, India, Thailand, Philippines, Indochina, Malaya and Singapore.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Straits Settlements

The Straits Settlements (Negeri-negeri Selat, نݢري٢ سلت) were a group of British territories located in Southeast Asia.

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Straits Settlements Volunteer Force

The Straits Settlements Volunteer Force (SSVF) was a military reserve force in the Straits Settlements, while they were under British rule.

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Sultan Ibrahim Building

The Sultan Ibrahim Building (Bangunan Sultan Ibrahim; Jawi: باڠونن سلطان إبراهيم) is a former state secretariat building of Johor.

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Sultan of Johor

The Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the sovereign ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor.

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Sumatra

Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.

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Surrender of Japan

The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close.

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Takuma Nishimura

was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

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Takuro Matsui

Takurō Matsui (松井 太久郎; Fukuoka Prefecture, 3 December 1887 – 10 June 1969) was a Lieutenant General in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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Timor

Timor is an island at the southern end of Maritime Southeast Asia, north of the Timor Sea.

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Tomoyuki Yamashita

was an Imperial Japanese Army general during World War II.

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Twenty-Fifth Army (Japan)

The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, noted for its role in the Malayan Campaign and the Battle of Singapore.

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Union Jack

The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.

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Vickers machine gun

The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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White flag

White flags have had different meanings throughout history and depending on the locale.

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Wiltshire Regiment

The Wiltshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881 under the Childers Reforms by the amalgamation of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment of Foot and the 99th Duke of Edinburgh's (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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11th Infantry Division (India)

The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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12th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 12th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade at the outbreak of the Indian Army during World War II.

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18th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.

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18th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 18th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army which fought briefly in the Malayan Campaign of the Second World War.

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1st Malaya Infantry Brigade

The 1st Malaya Infantry Brigade was a regular infantry brigade formed in 1939 with its headquarters in Singapore immediately after the outbreak of hostilities in Europe.

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2/15th Field Regiment (Australia)

The 2/15th Field Regiment was an Australian Army field artillery regiment that served during the Second World War.

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2/18th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/18th Battalion was an Australian Army infantry unit that served during World War II.

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2/19th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/19th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army, which was raised for service during the Second World War as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force.

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2/20th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.

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2/26th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/26th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.

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2/29th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/29th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army, which served during the Second World War.

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2/30th Battalion (Australia)

The 2/30th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army that served during World War II.

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2/4th Machine Gun Battalion (Australia)

The 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion was an Australian Army unit raised for service with the all volunteer Second Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) during the Second World War.

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22nd Brigade (Australia)

The 22nd Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.

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27th Brigade (Australia)

The 27th Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.

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44th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 44th Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II.

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5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.

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8th Division (Australia)

The 8th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army, formed during World War II as part of the all-volunteer Second Australian Imperial Force.

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9th Infantry Division (India)

The 9th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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Redirects here:

Alexandra Hospital massacre, Alexandria massacre, Battle of Singapure, Battle of singapore, Fall of Singapore, Japanese invasion of Singapore, Siege of Singapore, Singapore Island (battle honour), The fall of Singapore.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Singapore

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