249 relations: Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan, Admiralty, Alexander John Scott, Alexandre Dumas, Alfred John West, Atlantic Ocean, Battle of Austerlitz, Battle of Camperdown, Battle of Cape Finisterre (1805), Battle of Cape Ortegal, Battle of Cape St Vincent (1797), Battle of Copenhagen (1801), Battle of Copenhagen (1807), Battle of the Nile, Battle of Ulm, Bay of Biscay, Bee Gees, Bernard Cornwell, Bibliography of 18th–19th century Royal Naval history, Blockade, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Brest, France, Brig, Britannia Monument, Broadside, C. S. Forester, Cape St. Vincent, Cape Trafalgar, Capture of the Rosily Squadron, Caribbean, Carronade, Cartagena, Spain, Cat and mouse, Cádiz, Channel Fleet, Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, Continental System, Cudworth, South Yorkshire, Culture24, Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, Cutter (boat), David Hamilton (architect), Dover, Dragon, Dublin, Edward VII, Egypt, Elizabeth II, Emergence, England expects that every man will do his duty, ..., English Channel, Enlightenment in Spain, Enrique MacDonell, Entente Cordiale, Europe, Falmouth, Cornwall, Fantasia on British Sea Songs, Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli, Ferrol, Galicia, First French Empire, First Lord of the Admiralty, First-rate, Firth of Forth, Flagship, Flotilla, François Étienne de Rosily-Mesros, Francis Drake, French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle, French frigate Hermione (1804), French Imperial Eagle, French Navy, French Revolution, French ship Achille (1803), French ship Aigle (1800), French ship Algésiras (1804), French ship Bucentaure (1803), French ship Formidable (1795), French ship Fougueux (1785), French ship Héros (1801), French ship Indomptable (1789), French ship Intrépide, French ship Intrépide (1800), French ship Mont-Blanc (1791), French ship Neptune (1803), French ship Pluton (1804), French ship Redoutable (1791), French ship Scipion (1798), French ship Tigre (1793), Frigate, Gibraltar, Glasgow Green, God Save the Queen, Grande Armée, Great Yarmouth, Greenwich Mean Time, Grenade, Gumbys, Henry Blackwood, Henry Wood, His Majesty's Dragon, HMS Belleisle (1795), HMS Canopus (1798), HMS Conqueror (1801), HMS Defiance (1783), HMS Donegal (1798), HMS Endurance (A171), HMS Endymion (1797), HMS Euryalus (1803), HMS Illustrious (R06), HMS Implacable (1805), HMS Invincible (R05), HMS Ocean (L12), HMS Pickle (1800), HMS Prince of Wales (1794), HMS Queen (1769), HMS Royal Sovereign (1786), HMS Spencer (1800), HMS Swiftsure (1787), HMS Temeraire (1798), HMS Victory, HMS Zealous (1785), Holy Roman Empire, Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume, Horatio Hornblower, Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Hornblower and the Crisis, International Fleet Review 2005, Irish Republican Army (1922–1969), J. M. W. Turner, James Clavell, Jean Jacques Étienne Lucas, Jean-Luc Picard, John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, John Pasco, John Richards Lapenotière, Jonathan Willcocks, Julien Cosmao, La Marseillaise, Le Moniteur Universel, League (unit), Leith, Line of battle, List of early warships of the English navy, List of Royal Navy ships, Los Caños de Meca, Louis-René Levassor de Latouche Tréville, Madrid, Main Street, Gibraltar, Mast (sailing), Mediterranean Sea, MercoPress, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Musket, Naomi Novik, Naples, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Naval artillery, Naval fleet, Naval strategy, Naval tactics, Naval warfare, Navy List, Nelson Chequer, Nelson Monument, Edinburgh, Nelson's Column, Nelson's Column, Montreal, Nelson's Pillar, New Trafalgar Dispatch, Oban, Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley, Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, Place Jacques-Cartier, Poop deck, Port and starboard, Portsmouth, Post chaise, Powder monkey, Pulteney Malcolm, Raking fire, Robert Calder, Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, Royal Albert Hall, Royal cypher, Royal Marines, Royal Marines Museum, Royal Navy, Sailing ship tactics, Sailors' Society, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Schooner, Second-rate, Sharpe's Trafalgar, Ship of the line, Shoal, Sir Richard Strachan, 6th Baronet, Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet, Solent, Southsea, Spain, Spanish aircraft carrier Príncipe de Asturias, Spanish Navy, Spanish ship Monarca (1794), Spanish ship Neptuno (1795), Spanish ship Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad, Spanish ship Rayo (1751), Spanish ship San Agustín (1768), Spanish ship San Francisco de Asis (1767), Spanish ship San Ildefonso, Spanish ship San Juan Nepomuceno, Spanish ship Santa Ana (1784), Squadron (naval), St Paul's Cathedral, Star Trek Generations, Star Trek: The Next Generation, Strait of Gibraltar, Studding sail, Swell (ocean), Tai-Pan (novel), Taynuilt, Telescope, Temeraire (series), The Best of Both Worlds (Star Trek: The Next Generation), The Journal of Modern History, The Knight of Sainte-Hermine, The Proms, The Trafalgar Way, TheGuardian.com, Third-rate, Thomas Louis, Time ball, Top (sailing ship), Top-down and bottom-up design, Toulon, Trafalgar (album), Trafalgar Campaign, Trafalgar Cemetery, Trafalgar Day, Trafalgar Square, Treaty of Amiens, USS Saipan (LHA-2), Vanguard, Vice admiral, War of the Third Coalition, William Beatty (surgeon), William Cornwallis, William Huskisson, Windward and leeward, World War II. 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Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan (1 July 17314 August 1804) was a British admiral who defeated the Dutch fleet off Camperdown (north of Haarlem) on 11 October 1797.
The Admiralty, originally known as the Office of the Admiralty and Marine Affairs, was the government department responsible for the command of the Royal Navy firstly in the Kingdom of England, secondly in the Kingdom of Great Britain, and from 1801 to 1964, the United Kingdom and former British Empire.
Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père ("father"), was a French writer.
Alfred John West (1857–1937) was a British award-winning marine photographer in the Gosport firm of G. West and Sons from 1881 (for an early reference see) and from 1897 at the age of 40, a pioneer cinematographer.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Battle of Austerlitz (2 December 1805/11 Frimaire An XIV FRC), also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, was one of the most important and decisive engagements of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Camperdown (known in Dutch as the Zeeslag bij Kamperduin) was a major naval action fought on 11 October 1797, between the British North Sea Fleet under Admiral Adam Duncan and a Batavian Navy fleet under Vice-Admiral Jan de Winter.
In the Battle of Cape Finisterre (22 July 1805) off Galicia, Spain, the British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder fought an indecisive naval battle against the combined Franco-Spanish fleet which was returning from the West Indies.
The Battle of Cape Ortegal was the final action of the Trafalgar Campaign, and was fought between a squadron of the Royal Navy and a remnant of the fleet that had been destroyed earlier at the Battle of Trafalgar.
The Battle of Cape St Vincent (14 February 1797) was one of the opening battles of the Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808), as part of the French Revolutionary Wars, where a British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeated a larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal.
The Battle of Copenhagen of 1801 (Danish: Slaget på Reden) was a naval battle in which a British fleet fought a large force of the Dano-Norwegian Navy anchored near Copenhagen on 2 April 1801.
The Second Battle of Copenhagen (or the Bombardment of Copenhagen) (16 August – 5 September 1807) was a British bombardment of the Danish capital, Copenhagen in order to capture or destroy the Dano-Norwegian fleet, during the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay; Bataille d'Aboukir) was a major naval battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the Navy of the French Republic at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast off the Nile Delta of Egypt from 1 to 3 August 1798.
The Battle of Ulm on 16–19 October 1805 was a series of skirmishes, at the end of the Ulm Campaign, which allowed Napoleon I to trap an entire Austrian army under the command of Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich with minimal losses and to force its surrender near Ulm in the Electorate of Bavaria.
The Bay of Biscay (Golfe de Gascogne, Golfo de Vizcaya, Pleg-mor Gwaskogn, Bizkaiko Golkoa) is a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean located south of the Celtic Sea.
The Bee Gees --> were a pop music group formed in 1958.
Bernard Cornwell, OBE (born 23 February 1944) is an English author of historical novels and a history of the Waterloo Campaign.
This Bibliography covers sources for Royal Navy history through the 18th and 19th centuries.
A blockade is an effort to cut off supplies, war material or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or totally.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
Brest is a city in the Finistère département in Brittany.
A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts.
The Nelson's Monument is a commemorative column or tower built in memorial to Admiral Horatio Nelson, situated on the Denes, Great Yarmouth in the county of Norfolk, England.
A broadside is the side of a ship, the battery of cannon on one side of a warship; or their coordinated fire in naval warfare.
Cecil Louis Troughton Smith (27 August 1899 – 2 April 1966), known by his pen name Cecil Scott "C. S." Forester, was an English novelist known for writing tales of naval warfare such as the 12-book Horatio Hornblower series, depicting a Royal Navy officer during the Napoleonic wars.
Cape Trafalgar (Cabo Trafalgar) is a headland in the Province of Cádiz in the south-west of Spain.
The Capture of the Rosily Squadron took place on 14 June 1808, in Cadiz, Spain, nearly three years after the Battle of Trafalgar, during the uprising against the French invaders.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
A carronade is a short, smoothbore, cast iron cannon which was used by the Royal Navy and first produced by the Carron Company, an ironworks in Falkirk, Scotland, UK.
Cartagena (Carthago Nova) is a Spanish city and a major naval station located in the Region of Murcia, by the Mediterranean coast, south-eastern Spain.
Cat and mouse, often expressed as cat-and-mouse game, is an English-language idiom dating to 1675 that means "a contrived action involving constant pursuit, near captures, and repeated escapes." The "cat" is unable to secure a definitive victory over the "mouse", who despite not being able to defeat the cat, is able to avoid capture.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
The Channel Fleet and originally known as the Channel Squadron was the Royal Navy formation of warships that defended the waters of the English Channel from 1859 to 1909 and 1914 to 1915.
Admiral Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham PC (14 October 1726 – 17 June 1813) was a Royal Navy officer and politician.
The Continental System or Continental Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.
Cudworth is an urban village approximately north-east of Barnsley transport interchange in South Yorkshire, England.
Culture24, originally the 24 Hour Museum, is a British charity which publishes two websites, Culture24 and Show Me, about visual culture and heritage in the United Kingdom, as well as supplying data and support services to other cultural websites including Engaging Places.
Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood (26 September 1748 – 7 March 1810) was an admiral of the Royal Navy, notable as a partner with Lord Nelson in several of the British victories of the Napoleonic Wars, and frequently as Nelson's successor in commands.
A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity.
David Hamilton (11 May 1768 – 5 December 1843) was a Scottish architect based in Glasgow.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
A dragon is a large, serpent-like legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world.
Dublin is the capital of and largest city in Ireland.
Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death in 1910.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
In philosophy, systems theory, science, and art, emergence occurs when "the whole is greater than the sum of the parts," meaning the whole has properties its parts do not have.
"England expects that every man will do his duty" was a signal sent by Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, from his flagship as the Battle of Trafalgar was about to commence on 21 October 1805.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The ideas of the Age of Enlightenment (in Spanish, Ilustración) came to Spain in the eighteenth century with the new Bourbon dynasty, following the death of the last Habsburg monarch, Charles II, in 1700.
Enrique MacDonell, also spelled MacDonnell, was an Irish-Spanish navy admiral noted for his participation in several sea battles including the Battle of Trafalgar.
The Entente Cordiale was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Falmouth (Aberfala) is a town, civil parish and port on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom.
Fantasia on British Sea Songs or Fantasy on British Sea Songs is a medley of British sea songs arranged by Sir Henry Wood in 1905 to mark the centenary of the Battle of Trafalgar.
Don Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli (August 12, 1756 - March 9, 1806) was a Spanish Admiral during the American Revolution and Napoleonic Wars.
Ferrol (In the neighbourhood of Strabo's Cape Nerium, modern day Cape Prior), is a city in the Province of A Coruña in Galicia, on the Atlantic coast in north-western Spain.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The First Lord of the Admiralty, or formally the Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty, was the political head of the Royal Navy who was the government's senior adviser on all naval affairs and responsible for the direction and control of Admiralty Department as well as general administration of the Naval Service of the United Kingdom, that encompassed the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines and other services.
In the rating system of the British Royal Navy used to categorise sailing warships, a first rate was the designation for the largest ships of the line, equivalent to the 'super-dreadnought' of more recent times.
The Firth of Forth (Linne Foirthe) is the estuary (firth) of several Scottish rivers including the River Forth.
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag.
A flotilla (from Spanish, meaning a small flota (fleet) of ships, and this from French flotte, and this from Russian "флот" (flot), meaning "fleet"), or naval flotilla, is a formation of small warships that may be part of a larger fleet.
François Étienne de Rosily-Mesros (13 January 1748, Brest – 12 November 1832, Paris) was a French naval commander of the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Sir Francis Drake (– 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, slave trader, naval officer and explorer of the Elizabethan era.
Charles de Gaulle is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale).
Hermione was a 40-gun of the French Navy.
The French Imperial Eagle (Aigle de drapeau, lit. "flag eagle") refers to the figure of an eagle on a staff carried into battle as a standard by the Grande Armée of Napoléon I during the Napoleonic Wars.
The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
Achille was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Rochefort in 1803 after plans by Jacques-Noël Sané.
Aigle was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Rochefort in 1800.
Algésiras was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Lorient in 1804, named after the Battle of Algeciras.
Bucentaure was an 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy, and the lead ship of her class.
Formidable was an 80-gun ''Tonnant'' class ship of the line of the French Navy, laid down in August 1794 and given the name Formidable, on 5 October, but renamed Figuieres on 4 December 1794, although the name was restored to Formidable on 31 May 1795 after she was launched at Toulon on 17 March 1795.
Fougueux was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Lorient from 1784 to 1785 by engineer Segondat.
Héros was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Rochefort from 1795 to 1801 by engineer Roland.
Indomptable ("Indomitable") was an ''Tonnant''-class 80-gun ship of the line in the French Navy, laid down in 1788 and in active service from 1791.
At least 10 ships of the French Navy have borne the name Intrépide ("Intrepid").
Intrépide was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the French navy.
Mont-Blanc was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the French Navy.
Neptune was a ''Bucentaure''-class 80-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.
Pluton was a 74-gun French ship of the line built at Toulon.
The Redoutable was a ''Téméraire'' class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.
Scipion was a 74-gun French ship of the line, built at Lorient to a design by Jacques Noel Sane.
Tigre was a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Glasgow Green is a park in the east end of Glasgow, Scotland on the north bank of the River Clyde.
"God Save the Queen" (alternatively "God Save the King", depending on the gender of the reigning monarch) is the national or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown dependencies.
The Grande Armée (French for Great Army) was the army commanded by Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars.
Great Yarmouth, often known to locals as Yarmouth, is a coastal town in Norfolk, England.
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
Gumbys are recurring characters in Monty Python's Flying Circus, characterized by a very distinctive appearance.
Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Blackwood, 1st Baronet, GCH, KCB (28 December 1770 – 17 December 1832), whose memorial is in Killyleagh Parish Church, was a British sailor.
Sir Henry Joseph Wood (3 March 186919 August 1944) was an English conductor best known for his association with London's annual series of promenade concerts, known as the Proms.
His Majesty's Dragon, published in the UK as Temeraire, is the first novel in the Temeraire alternate history/fantasy series by American author Naomi Novik.
Lion was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the French Navy, which later served in the Royal Navy.
HMS Canopus was an 84-gun third rate ship of the line of the British Royal Navy.
HMS Conqueror was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 23 November 1801 at Harwich.
HMS Defiance was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Randall and Co., at Rotherhithe on the River Thames, and launched on 10 December 1783.
HMS Donegal was launched in 1794 as Barra, a 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.
HMS Endurance was an icebreaker that served as the Royal Navy ice patrol ship between 1991 and 2008.
HMS Endymion was a 40-gun fifth rate that served in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, the War of 1812 and during the First Opium War.
HMS Euryalus was a Royal Navy 36-gun frigate, which saw service in the Battle of Trafalgar and the War of 1812.
HMS Illustrious was a light aircraft carrier of the Royal Navy and the second of three ships constructed in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
HMS Implacable was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy.
HMS Invincible was the Royal Navy's lead ship of the three light aircraft carriers in her class.
HMS Ocean is an amphibious assault ship, formerly the UK's helicopter carrier and the fleet flagship of the Royal Navy.
HMS Pickle was a topsail schooner of the Royal Navy.
HMS Prince of Wales was a 98-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 28 June 1794 at Portsmouth.
HMS Queen was a three-deck 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 18 September 1769 at Woolwich Dockyard.
HMS Royal Sovereign was a 100-gun first rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, which served as the flagship of Admiral Collingwood at the Battle of Trafalgar.
HMS Spencer was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 10 May 1800 at Bucklers Hard.
HMS Swiftsure was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the British Royal Navy.
HMS Temeraire was a 98-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy.
HMS Victory is a 104-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, ordered in 1758, laid down in 1759 and launched in 1765.
HMS Zealous was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Barnard of Deptford and launched on 25 June 1785.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Count Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume (13 April 1755 in La CiotatLevot, p.206 – 28 July 1818 in AubagneLevot, p.208) was a French Navy officer and Vice-admiral.
Horatio Hornblower is a fictional Napoleonic Wars-era Royal Navy officer who is the protagonist of a series of novels by C. S. Forester.
Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, (29 September 1758 – 21 October 1805) was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
Hornblower and the Crisis is a 1967 historical novel by C. S. Forester.
The International Fleet Review was the most recent Royal Navy review, continuing a tradition going back to the 15th century.
The original Irish Republican Army (IRA) fought a guerrilla war against British rule in Ireland in the Irish War of Independence between 1919 and 1921.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 177519 December 1851), known as J. M. W. Turner and contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist, known for his expressive colourisation, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings.
James Clavell (10 October 1921 – 6 September 1994), born Charles Edmund Dumaresq Clavell, was a British (and later naturalized American) novelist, screenwriter, director, and World War II veteran and prisoner of war.
Jean Jacques Étienne Lucas (28 April 1764 – 6 November 1819) was a French Navy officer, famous for his role in the Battle of Trafalgar.
Jean-Luc Picard is a fictional Starfleet officer in the Star Trek franchise, most often seen as the Captain of the starship USS ''Enterprise''-D. He appears in the television series Star Trek: The Next Generation (TNG), the feature films Star Trek Generations (1994), Star Trek: First Contact (1996), Star Trek: Insurrection (1998), and Star Trek: Nemesis (2002), and numerous associated media.
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (9 January 1735 – 14 March 1823) was an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom.
Rear-Admiral John Pasco (1774–1853) served in the Royal Navy between 1784 and 1853, eventually rising to the rank of Rear Admiral.
Captain John Richards Lapenotière (1770 – 19 January 1834) was a British Royal Navy officer who, as a lieutenant commanding the tiny topsail schooner HMS ''Pickle'', observed the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, participated in the rescue operations which followed it and then carried the dispatches of the victory and the death of Admiral Nelson to Britain.
Jonathan Willcocks (born 9 January 1953) is an English composer and conductor.
Julien Marie Cosmao-Kerjulien (Châteaulin, Finistère, 27 November 1761 – Brest, 17 February 1825) was a French Navy officer, admiral, and hero of the Battle of Trafalgar.
"La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France.
Le Moniteur Universel was a French newspaper founded in Paris on November 24, 1789 under the title Gazette Nationale ou Le Moniteur Universel by Charles-Joseph Panckoucke, and which ceased publication on December 31, 1868.
A league is a unit of length.
Leith (Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith.
In naval warfare, the line of battle is a tactic in which a naval fleet of ships forms a line end to end.
This is a list of early warships belonging to the English sovereign or the English Government, the precursor to the Royal Navy of England (from 1707 of Great Britain, and subsequently of the United Kingdom).
There are three lists of Royal Navy ships.
Los Caños de Meca is a small seaside village to the east of Cape Trafalgar on the Costa de la Luz of Spain.
Louis-René Madelaine Le Vassor, comte de La Touche-TrévilleLevot, p.295 (3 June 1745 – 19 August 1804Levot, p.296) was a French Vice-admiral.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Main Street (Calle Real) is the main arterial street in the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.
The mast of a sailing vessel is a tall spar, or arrangement of spars, erected more or less vertically on the centre-line of a ship or boat.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
MercoPress is an online news agency based in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.
A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.
Naomi Novik (born 30 April 1973) is an American writer.
Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Naval artillery is artillery mounted on a warship, originally used only for naval warfare, later also for naval gunfire support against targets on land, and for anti-aircraft use.
A fleet or naval fleet is a large formation of warships, which is controlled by one leader and the largest formation in any navy.
Naval strategy is the planning and conduct of war at sea, the naval equivalent of military strategy on land.
Naval tactics is the collective name for methods of engaging and defeating an enemy ship or fleet in battle at sea during naval warfare, the naval equivalent of military tactics on land.
Naval warfare is combat in and on the sea, the ocean, or any other battlespace involving major body of water such as a large lake or wide river.
A Navy List or Naval Register is an official list of naval officers, their ranks and seniority, the ships which they command or to which they are appointed, etc., that is published by the government or naval authorities of a country.
The Nelson Chequer was a colour scheme adopted by vessels of the Royal Navy, modelled on that used by Admiral Horatio Nelson in battle.
The Nelson Monument is a commemorative tower in honour of Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, located in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Nelson's Column is a monument in Trafalgar Square in central London built to commemorate Admiral Horatio Nelson, who died at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Nelson's Column (colonne Nelson) is a monument erected in 1809 in Place Jacques-Cartier, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, which is dedicated to the memory of Admiral Horatio Nelson, following his death at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Nelson's Pillar (also known as the Nelson Pillar or simply the Pillar) was a large granite column capped by a statue of Horatio Nelson, built in the centre of what was then Sackville Street (later renamed O'Connell Street) in Dublin, Ireland.
The New Trafalgar Dispatch was part of the bicentenary celebrations of Lord Nelson's famous and momentous victory at the Battle of Trafalgar, in 1805.
Oban (An t-Òban in Scottish Gaelic meaning The Little Bay) is a resort town within the Argyll and Bute council area of Scotland.
Vice-Admiral Count Pierre-Etienne-René-Marie Dumanoir Le Pelley (Granville, 2 August 1770 – Paris, 6–7 July 1829) was a French Navy officer, best known for commanding the vanguard of the French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve (31 December 1763 – 22 April 1806) was a French naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars.
Place Jacques-Cartier (English: Jacques Cartier square) is a square located in Old Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
In naval architecture, a poop deck is a deck that forms the roof of a cabin built in the rear, or "aft", part of the superstructure of a ship.
Port and starboard are nautical and aeronautical terms for left and right, respectively.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
A post-chaise is a fast carriage for traveling post built in the 18th and early 19th centuries.
A powder boy or powder monkey manned naval artillery guns as a member of a warship's crew, primarily during the Age of Sail.
Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm (20 February 1768 – 20 July 1838) was a British naval officer.
In sailing naval warfare, raking fire is fire directed parallel to the long axis of an enemy ship from ahead or astern.
Admiral Sir Robert Calder, 1st Baronet, (2 July 17451 September 1818) was a British naval officer who served in the Seven Years' War, the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
Rochefort is a commune in southwestern France, a port on the Charente estuary.
The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington, London, which has held the Proms concerts annually each summer since 1941.
In modern heraldry, a royal cypher is a monogram-like device of a country's reigning sovereign, typically consisting of the initials of the monarch's name and title, sometimes interwoven and often surmounted by a crown.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.
The Royal Marines Museum is a museum on the history of the Royal Marines from their beginnings in 1664 through to the present day.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Sailing ship tactics were the naval tactics employed by sailing ships in contrast to galley tactics employed by oared vessels.
Sailors’ Society is an inter-denominational Christian organisation providing pastoral care to seafarers.
Sanlúcar de Barrameda, or simply Sanlúcar, is a city in the northwest of Cádiz province, part of the autonomous community of Andalucía in southern Spain.
A schooner is a type of sailing vessel with fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts.
In the rating system of the British Royal Navy used to categorise sailing warships, a second-rate was a ship of the line which by the start of the 18th century mounted 90 to 98 guns on three gun decks; earlier 17th-century second rates had fewer guns and were originally two-deckers or had only partially armed third gun decks.
Sharpe's Trafalgar is the fourth historical novel in the Richard Sharpe series by Bernard Cornwell, first published in 2000. It is the first of the novels in the wars against Napoleon, putting the army ensign at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The novel is the first time that Sharpe encounters the Nock Gun, originally developed for the Navy and the later weapon of choice of Patrick Harper.
A ship of the line was a type of naval warship constructed from the 17th through to the mid-19th century to take part in the naval tactic known as the line of battle, in which two columns of opposing warships would manoeuvre to bring the greatest weight of broadside firepower to bear.
In oceanography, geomorphology, and earth sciences, a shoal is a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material, and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface.
Sir Richard John Strachan, 6th Baronet GCB (27 October 1760 – 3 February 1828) was a British officer of the Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, eventually rising to the rank of admiral.
Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Baronet, GCB (5 April 1769 – 20 September 1839) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Solent is the strait that separates the Isle of Wight from the mainland of England.
Southsea is a seaside resort and geographic area, located in Portsmouth at the southern end of Portsea Island, Hampshire, England.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Príncipe de Asturias, originally named Almirante Carrero Blanco, was an aircraft carrier and former flagship of the Spanish Navy.
The Spanish Navy (Armada Española) is the maritime branch of the Spanish Armed Forces and one of the oldest active naval forces in the world.
The Monarca was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Spanish Navy.
Neptuno was an 80-gun ''Montañes''-class ship of the line of the Spanish Navy.
Santísima Trinidad (officially named Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad by royal order on 12 March 1768, nicknamed La Real, sometimes confused with the galleon ''Santísima Trinidad y Nuestra Señora del Buen Fin'') was a Spanish first-rate ship of the line with 112 guns.
The Rayo was an 80-gun ship of the line of the Spanish Navy.
The San Agustín was a 74-gun ship of the line built at the royal shipyard in Guarnizo (Santander) and launched in 1768.
San Francisco de Asis was a Spanish 74-gun ship of the line launched in 1767 from the royal shipyard in Guarnizo (Cantabria).
San Ildefonso was a ship of the Spanish Navy launched in 1785.
San Juan Nepomuceno was a Spanish ship of the line launched in 1765 from the royal shipyard in Guarnizo (Cantabria).
Santa Ana was a 112-gun three-decker ship of the line of the Spanish Navy, built to plans by Romero Landa.
A squadron, or naval squadron, is a significant group of warships which is nonetheless considered too small to be designated a fleet.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Star Trek Generations is a 1994 American science fiction film directed by David Carson and based on the franchise of the same name created by Gene Roddenberry.
Star Trek: The Next Generation (abbreviated as TNG and ST:TNG) is an American science-fiction television series in the Star Trek franchise created by Gene Roddenberry that ran from 1987 to 1994.
The Strait of Gibraltar (مضيق جبل طارق, Estrecho de Gibraltar) is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Peninsular Spain in Europe from Morocco and Ceuta (Spain) in Africa.
A studding sail, studsail or stunsail (traditionally pronounced stuns'l) is an extra sail on a square rigged vessel or 1950s racing skiffs for use in light winds.
A swell, in the context of an ocean, sea or lake, is a series of mechanical waves that propagate along the interface between water and air and so they are often referred to as surface gravity waves.
Tai-Pan is a 1966 novel written by James Clavell about European and American traders who move into Hong Kong in 1842 following the end of the First Opium War.
Taynuilt (meaning 'the house by the stream') is a large village in Argyll and Bute, Scotland located at the western entrance to the narrow Pass of Brander.
A telescope is an optical instrument that aids in the observation of remote objects by collecting electromagnetic radiation (such as visible light).
Temeraire is a series of nine novels written by American author Naomi Novik.
"The Best of Both Worlds" is the 26th episode of the third season and the first episode of the fourth season of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: The Next Generation.
The Journal of Modern History is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering European intellectual, political, and cultural history, published by the University of Chicago Press in cooperation with the Modern European History Section of the American Historical Association.
The Knight of Sainte-Hermine (published in France in 2005 under the title Le Chevalier de Sainte-Hermine, and translated to English under the title The Last Cavalier) is an unfinished historical novel by Alexandre Dumas, believed to be Dumas' last major work.
The Proms is an eight-week summer season of daily orchestral classical music concerts and other events held annually, predominantly in the Royal Albert Hall in central London.
The Trafalgar Way is the name given to the historic route used to carry dispatches with the news of the Battle of Trafalgar overland from Falmouth to the Admiralty in London.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
In the rating system of the British Royal Navy, a third rate was a ship of the line which from the 1720s mounted between 64 and 80 guns, typically built with two gun decks (thus the related term two-decker).
Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Louis, 1st Baronet (bap. 11 May 1758 – 17 May 1807) was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw action during the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars.
Time ball or timeball or ball time is an obsolete time-signalling device.
The top on a traditional square rigged ship, is the platform at the upper end of each (lower) mast.
Top-down and bottom-up are both strategies of information processing and knowledge ordering, used in a variety of fields including software, humanistic and scientific theories (see systemics), and management and organization.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
Trafalgar is a 1971 album by the Bee Gees.
The Trafalgar Campaign was a long and complicated series of fleet manoeuvres carried out by the combined French and Spanish fleets; and the opposing moves of the Royal Navy during much of 1805.
The Trafalgar Cemetery is a cemetery in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
Trafalgar Day is the celebration of the victory won by the Royal Navy, commanded by Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, over the combined French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805.
Trafalgar Square is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.
The Treaty of Amiens (French: la paix d'Amiens) temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and Great Britain during the French Revolutionary Wars.
USS Saipan (LHA-2) was a, the second United States Navy ship named in honor of the World War II Battle of Saipan.
The vanguard (also called the advance guard) is the leading part of an advancing military formation.
Vice admiral is a senior naval flag officer rank, equivalent to lieutenant general and air marshal.
The War of the Third Coalition was a European conflict spanning the years 1803 to 1806.
Sir William Beatty (April 1773–25 March 1842) was an Irish surgeon who served in the Royal Navy.
Admiral Sir William Cornwallis, (10 February 1744 – 5 July 1819) was a Royal Navy officer.
William Huskisson PC (11 March 1770 – 15 September 1830) was a British statesman, financier, and Member of Parliament for several constituencies, including Liverpool.
Windward is the direction upwind from the point of reference, alternatively the direction from which the wind is coming.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.