254 relations: 's-Hertogenbosch, Aardenburg, Adolf Hitler, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Albert Canal, Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Allies of World War II, Amphibious vehicle, Amphibious warfare, Antony Beevor, Antwerp, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Army Group B, Arnhem, Artillery battery, Atlantic Wall, Attrition warfare, Battle of Arnhem, Battle of Moerbrugge, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of Verrières Ridge, Battleship, Belgium, Bergen op Zoom, Berlin, Bernard Montgomery, Bertram Ramsay, Biervliet, Bletchley Park, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Braakman, Breda, Breskens, Breskens Pocket, Brian Horrocks, Bridgehead, Brussels, Cadzand, Calais, Canadian-Scottish regiment, Canal through Zuid-Beveland, Cargo ship, Charles B. MacDonald, Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer), Charles Perry Stacey, Cherbourg Harbour, Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Clifford Chadderton, Commando, Conscription Crisis of 1944, ..., Convoy, Daniel Spry, Demining, Denis Whitaker, Desertion, Domburg, Dongen, Driewegen, Terneuzen, Dunkirk, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Eastern Front (World War II), Edmund Hakewill-Smith, Eede, Eighth Air Force, Führer, First Canadian Army, Flamethrower, Fortification, Gerd von Rundstedt, Gerhard Weinberg, Ghent, Ghent–Terneuzen Canal, Glasgow Highlanders, Governor General's Foot Guards, Groyne, Gustav-Adolf von Zangen, Guy Simonds, Harry Crerar, Highland Light Infantry of Canada, HMS Erebus (I02), HMS Kingsmill (K484), HMS Roberts (F40), HMS Warspite (03), Hobart's Funnies, Hoofdplaat, Hoogerheide, I Corps (United Kingdom), II Canadian Corps, IJzendijke, Inundation of Walcheren, Jan Smuts, John Crocker, King's Own Scottish Borderers, Knokke, Kriegsmarine, Kurt Student, Landing Craft Assault, Landing Vehicle Tracked, Le Havre, Le Régiment de Maisonneuve, Leopold Canal (Belgium), Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, Levee, Low Countries, Luftwaffe, Lys (river), M10 tank destroyer, M4 Sherman, Machine gun, Maldegem, Maurice Duplessis, Meuse, Middelburg, Military campaign, Military operation, Military supply chain management, Minesweeper, Moerbrugge, Moerkerke, Monitor (warship), Naval mine, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Neil Ritchie, Netherlands, Nieuwdorp, No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando, No. 4 Commando, No. 47 (Royal Marine) Commando, No. 48 (Royal Marine) Commando, Normandy, Normandy landings, North Brabant, North German Plain, North Sea, Nova Scotia, Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, Offensive (military), Ontario, Oostburg, Operation Astonia, Operation Bagration, Operation Fortitude, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Undergo, Operation Wellhit, Pamphlet, Pas-de-Calais, Percy Hobart, Polder, Port of Antwerp, Provisional Government of the French Republic, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, RAF Bomber Command, Régiment de la Chaudière, Regina Rifles, Regina, Saskatchewan, River engineering, Roosendaal, Royal Engineers, Royal Marines, Royal Navy, Royal Scots, Royal Winnipeg Rifles, Salient (military), Scheldt, Scottish regiment, Second Army (United Kingdom), Self-propelled gun, Siege of Dunkirk (1944–45), Siegfried Line, Sint Philipsland (island), Sloedam, South Alberta Regiment, SS Fort Cataraqui, Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, Summary execution, Supreme Allied Commander, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Tank, Terneuzen, Terrapin (amphibious vehicle), Terry Copp, The Algonquin Regiment, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own), The Calgary Highlanders, The Essex Scottish Regiment, The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment, The Lincoln and Welland Regiment, The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, The Nova Scotia Highlanders (North), The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment), The Royal Montreal Regiment, The Royal Regiment of Canada, The South Saskatchewan Regiment, Ultra, United States Army Air Forces, United States Army Center of Military History, Universal Carrier, V-2 rocket, Veere, Victoria, British Columbia, Vlissingen, Volksgrenadier, Walcheren, Walter Model, Wehrmacht, Western Front (World War II), Western Scheldt, Westkapelle, Netherlands, Wilhelm Daser, William Lyon Mackenzie King, Winnipeg, Winston Churchill, Witte Brigade, Woensdrecht (village), World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), Zeebrugge, Zeeland, Zijpe, Zuid-Beveland, Zuidzande, 104th Infantry Division (United States), 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 155th (South Scottish) Brigade, 157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade, 15th Army (Wehrmacht), 15th Field Artillery Regiment (Canada), 1st Armoured Division (Poland), 1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht), 2 cm Flak 30/38/Flakvierling, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division during World War II, 3rd Canadian Division, 41 Commando, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Division, 4th Special Service Brigade, 51st (Highland) Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 6th Parachute Division (Germany), 70th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 85th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade. 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's-Hertogenbosch (literally "The Duke's Forest" in English, and historically in French: Bois-le-Duc), colloquially known as Den Bosch (literally "The Forest" in English), is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968.
Aardenburg is a small city (population as of 2008: 2,438) close to the Dutch border with Belgium.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.
The Albert Canal is a canal located in northeastern Belgium, which was named for King Albert I of Belgium.
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
An amphibious vehicle (or simply amphibian), is a vehicle that is a means of transport, viable on land as well as on (or under) water.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Sir Antony James Beevor, (born 14 December 1946) is an English military historian.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Army Group B (German: Heeresgruppe B) was the title of three German Army Groups that saw action during World War II.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
In military organizations, an artillery battery is a unit of artillery, mortars, rocket artillery, multiple rocket launchers, surface to surface missiles, ballistic missiles, cruise missiles etc, so grouped to facilitate better battlefield communication and command and control, as well as to provide dispersion for its constituent gunnery crews and their systems.
The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom during World War II.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of Moerbrugge was a three-day battle during the Liberation of Belgium.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of Verrières Ridge was a series of engagements fought as part of the Battle of Normandy, in northwestern France, during the Second World War.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bergen op Zoom (called Berrege in the local dialect) is a municipality and a city located in the south of the Netherlands.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Admiral Sir Bertram Home Ramsay, KCB, KBE, MVO (20 January 1883 – 2 January 1945) was a Royal Navy officer.
Biervliet is a town in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Bletchley Park was the central site for British (and subsequently, Allied) codebreakers during World War II.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
The Braakman was a large tidal inlet in the middle of the Dutch region of Zeelandic Flanders, on the south bank of the Westerschelde west of Terneuzen.
Breda is a city and municipality in the southern part of the Netherlands, located in the province of North Brabant.
Breskens is a harbour town on the Westerschelde in the municipality of Sluis in the province of Zeeland, in the south-western Netherlands.
The Breskens Pocket was a pocket of fortified German resistance against the Canadian First Army in the Battle of the Scheldt during the Second World War.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Cadzand is a town in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
There are currently 16 Scottish infantry regiments in the Canadian Army, and one of artillery.
The Canal through Zuid-Beveland (Dutch: Kanaal door Zuid-Beveland) in the southwest Netherlands is the westernmost of two canals crossing the Zuid-Beveland peninsula.
A cargo ship or freighter ship is any sort of ship or vessel that carries cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another.
Charles B. MacDonald (November 23, 1922 – December 4, 1990) was a former Deputy Chief Historian for the United States Army.
General Charles Foulkes, (3 January 1903 – 12 September 1969) was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.
Colonel Charles Perry Stacey, OC, OBE, CD, FRSC (30 July 1906 – 17 November 1989) was a Canadian historian and university professor.
Cherbourg Harbour (French: rade de Cherbourg; literally, the roadstead of Cherbourg), is a harbour situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula, on the English Channel coastline in northwestern France.
Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.
Hugh Clifford "Cliff" Chadderton, (9 May 1919 – 30 November 2013) was a Canadian World War II veteran and Chief Executive Officer of The War Amps.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis following the introduction of forced military service for men in Canada during World War II.
A convoy is a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection.
Major General Daniel Charles Spry CBE DSO CD (February 4, 1913 – April 2, 1989) was a senior Canadian Army officer who commanded the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during Operation Veritable in World War II.
Demining or mine clearance is the process of removing land mines from an area, while minesweeping describes the act of detecting mines.
Brigadier William Denis Whitaker, (February 27, 1915 – May 30, 2001) was a Canadian athlete, soldier, businessman, and author.
In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission (a pass, liberty or leave) and is done with the intention of not returning.
Domburg is a seaside resort on the North Sea, on the northwest coast of Walcheren in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Dongen is a municipality and a village in the southern Netherlands.
Driewegen is a town in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American army general and statesman who served as the 34th President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Major-General Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith KCVO CB CBE DSO MC (17 March 1896 – 15 April 1986) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
Eede is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
The Eighth Air Force (Air Forces Strategic) (8 AF) is a numbered air force (NAF) of the United States Air Force's Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).
Führer (These are also cognates of the Latin peritus ("experienced"), Sanskrit piparti "brings over" and the Greek poros "passage, way".-->, spelled Fuehrer when the umlaut is not available) is a German word meaning "leader" or "guide".
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
A flamethrower is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Gerhard Ludwig Weinberg (born 1 January 1928) is a German-born American diplomatic and military historian noted for his studies in the history of World War II.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
The Ghent–Terneuzen Canal (Dutch: Kanaal van Gent naar Terneuzen), also known as the "Sea Canal" (Zeekanaal) is a canal linking Ghent in Belgium to the port of Terneuzen on the Westerschelde (Scheldt) estuary in the Netherlands, thereby providing the former with better access to the sea.
The Glasgow Highlanders was a former infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, later renamed the Territorial Army.
The Governor General's Foot Guards (GGFG) is one of three Royal Household regiments in the Primary Reserve of the Canadian Army (along with The Governor General's Horse Guards and the Canadian Grenadier Guards) and the most senior militia infantry regiment in Canada.
A groyne is a rigid hydraulic structure built from an ocean shore (in coastal engineering) or from a bank (in rivers) that interrupts water flow and limits the movement of sediment.
Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (7 November 1892 – 1 May 1964) was a German general in the Wehrmacht during World War II and a commander of the 15th Army in the Netherlands in 1944 during World War II.
Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.
General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
The Highland Light Infantry of Canada was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
HMS Erebus was a First World War monitor launched on 19 June 1916 and served in both world wars.
HMS Kingsmill (K484) was a British Captain-class frigate of the Royal Navy in commission during World War II.
HMS Roberts was a Royal Navy of the Second World War.
HMS Warspite was a built for the Royal Navy during the early 1910s.
Hobart's Funnies were a number of unusually modified tanks operated during the Second World War by the 79th Armoured Division of the British Army or by specialists from the Royal Engineers.
Hoofdplaat is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Hoogerheide is a village in the municipality of Woensdrecht, North Brabant, Netherlands.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
IJzendijke is a city in the municipality of Sluis, about 10 km east of Oostburg, in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
The Inundation of Walcheren was the intentional, but uncontrolledControlled military inundations have been a feature of Dutch military defense for centuries.
Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts (24 May 1870 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
The King's Own Scottish Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Scottish Division.
Knokke is a town in the municipality of Knokke-Heist, which is located in the province of West Flanders in Flanders, Belgium.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Kurt Student (12 May 1890 – 1 July 1978) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Landing Craft Assault (LCA) was a landing craft used extensively in World War II.
The Landing Vehicle, Tracked (LVT) is an amphibious warfare vehicle and amphibious landing craft, introduced by the United States Navy.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Le Régiment de Maisonneuve is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
The Leopold Canal (or Leopoldvaart) is a canal in northern Belgium.
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Lys (French) or Leie (Dutch/German) is a river in France and Belgium, and a left-bank tributary of the Scheldt.
The M10 tank destroyer was an American tank destroyer of World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Maldegem (West Flemish: Moaldegem) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of East Flanders.
Maurice Le Noblet Duplessis (20 April 1890 – 7 September 1959) served as the 16th Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec from 1936 to 1939 and 1944 to 1959.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
Middelburg is a city and municipality in the south-western Netherlands serving as the capital of the province of Zeeland.
The term military campaign applies to large scale, long duration, significant military strategy plans incorporating a series of inter-related military operations or battles forming a distinct part of a larger conflict often called a war.
A military operation is the coordinated military actions of a state, or a non-state actor, in response to a developing situation.
Military supply chain management is a cross-functional approach to procuring, producing and delivering products and services for military applications.
A minesweeper is a small naval warship designed to engage in minesweeping.
Moerbrugge is a village in the Belgian province of West Flanders, in the municipality of Oostkamp.
Moerkerke is a town in the Belgian province West Flanders and a part (deelgemeente) of the city of Damme.
A monitor was a relatively small warship which was neither fast nor strongly armoured but carried disproportionately large guns.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Nieuwdorp is a town in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
Normandy (Normandie,, Norman: Normaundie, from Old French Normanz, plural of Normant, originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) is one of the 18 regions of France, roughly referring to the historical Duchy of Normandy.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.
The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW, "High Command of the Armed Forces") was the High Command of the Wehrmacht (armed forces) of Nazi Germany during World War II.
An offensive is a military operation that seeks through aggressive projection of armed force to occupy territory, gain an objective or achieve some larger strategic, operational, or tactical goal.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Oostburg (Zeelandic Flemish: Wòstburg) is a town in the south-western Netherlands.
Operation Astonia was the codename for an Allied attack on the German-held Channel port of Le Havre in France, during the Second World War.
Operation Bagration (Операция Багратио́н, Operatsiya Bagration) was the codename for the Soviet 1944 Belorussian Strategic Offensive Operation, (Белорусская наступательная операция «Багратион», Belorusskaya nastupatelnaya Operatsiya Bagration) a military campaign fought between 22 June and 19 August 1944 in Soviet Byelorussia in the Eastern Front of World War II.
For the Australian immigration checking operation, see Australian Border Force#Operation Fortitude Operation Fortitude was the code name for a World War II military deception employed by the Allied nations as part of an overall deception strategy (code named Bodyguard) during the build-up to the 1944 Normandy landings.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Undergo was an attack by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division on the German garrison and fortifications of the French port of Calais during September 1944.
Operation Wellhit was the Second World War operation by the 3rd Canadian Division (Canadian 1st Army) to take the fortified port of Boulogne in northern France.
A pamphlet is an unbound booklet (that is, without a hard cover or binding).
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Major General Sir Percy Cleghorn Stanley Hobart (14 June 1885 – 19 February 1957), also known as "Hobo", was a British military engineer noted for his command of the 79th Armoured Division during World War II.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
The Port of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, is a port in the heart of Europe accessible to capesize ships.
The Provisional Government of the French Republic (gouvernement provisoire de la République française or GPRF) was an interim government of Free France between 1944 and 1946 following the liberation of continental France after Operations ''Overlord'' and ''Dragoon'', and lasted until the establishment of the French Fourth Republic.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
The Régiment de la Chaudière is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Regina Rifles are a Junior B box lacrosse team based out of Regina, Saskatchewan, playing in the top league in Saskatchewan, the Prairie Gold Lacrosse League.
Regina is the capital city of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
River engineering is the process of planned human intervention in the course, characteristics, or flow of a river with the intention of producing some defined benefit.
Roosendaal is both a city and a municipality in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.
The Royal Winnipeg Rifles (R Wpg Rif) are a Primary Reserve one-battalion infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
A Scottish regiment is any regiment (or similar military unit) that at some time in its history has or had a name that referred to Scotland or some part, thereof, and adopted items of Scottish dress.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
A self-propelled gun (SPG) is a form of self-propelled artillery, and in modern use is usually used to refer to artillery pieces such as howitzers.
The Siege of Dunkirk, also known as the Second Battle of Dunkirk, during the Second World War, occurred from September 1944, when units of the Second Canadian Division surrounded the fortified city and port of Dunkirk until the end of the war.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
Sint Philipsland is a former island in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
The Sloedam was a dam, connecting the Dutch islands Zuid-Beveland and Walcheren near the town of Arnemuiden.
The South Alberta Regiment (SAR) was a Canadian regiment which served in the Second World War.
SS Fort Cataraqui was a North Sands-type Fort ship.
Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.
Supreme Allied Commander is the title held by the most senior commander within certain multinational military alliances.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) was the headquarters of the Commander of Allied forces in north west Europe, from late 1943 until the end of World War II.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Terneuzen is a city and municipality in the southwestern Netherlands, in the province of Zeeland, in the middle of Zeelandic Flanders.
The Terrapin (officially 4-ton amphibian) was a British-manufactured amphibious armoured transport vehicle of the Second World War.
Terry Copp (b. 1938) is a Canadian military historian and Professor Emeritus at Wilfrid Laurier University and is Director of the Laurier Centre for Military and Strategic Disarmament Studies.
The Algonquin Regiment (Northern Pioneers) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army comprising two companies.
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada is a reserve infantry regiment in 34 Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
The British Columbia Regiment (Duke of Connaught's Own) is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance (recce) regiment of the Canadian Army; the regiment is subordinate to 39 Canadian Brigade Group of the 3rd Canadian Division.
The Calgary Highlanders is a Canadian Army Primary Reserve infantry regiment, headquartered at Mewata Armouries in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The Essex Scottish was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army until 1954.
The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
The Lincoln and Welland Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in St. Catharines and Welland, Ontario.
The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, and is part of the 5th Canadian Division's 37 Canadian Brigade Group.
The Nova Scotia Highlanders (also known as North Novies, North Novas) is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) (RHLI) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, based at John W. Foote VC Armoury in Hamilton, Ontario.
The Royal Montreal Regiment is a Primary Reserve Infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Westmount, Montreal, Quebec.
The Royal Regiment of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Toronto, Ontario, part of 4th Canadian Division's 32 Canadian Brigade Group.
The South Saskatchewan Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces formed in 1936 by the amalgamation of The Weyburn Regiment and The Saskatchewan Border Regiment.
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Army Center of Military History (CMH) is a directorate within the Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army.
The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.
The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Weapon 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world's first long-range guided ballistic missile.
Veere (Zeelandic: Ter Veere) is a municipality with a population of 22,000 and a town with a population of 1,500 in the southwestern Netherlands, in the region of Walcheren in the province of Zeeland.
Victoria, the capital city of the Canadian province of British Columbia, is on the southern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada's Pacific coast.
Vlissingen (Zeelandic: Vlissienge; historical name in Flushing) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren.
Volksgrenadier was the name given to a type of German Army division formed in the Autumn of 1944 after the double loss of Army Group Center to the Soviets in Operation Bagration and the Fifth Panzer Army to the Allies in Normandy.
Walcheren is a region and former island in the Dutch province of Zeeland at the mouth of the Scheldt estuary.
Walter Model (24 January 1891 – 21 April 1945) was a German field marshal during World War II.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province of Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is the estuary of the Scheldt river.
Westkapelle is a small city in the municipality of Veere on the island Walcheren, in the province Zeeland of the Netherlands.
Wilhelm Daser (31 August 1884 in Germersheim – 14 July 1968 in Ingolstadt) was a German military officer who commanded the 70th infantry division of the Wehrmacht during the Battle of the Scheldt and surrendered unconditionally on 6 November 1944 in Middelburg.
William Lyon Mackenzie King (December 17, 1874 – July 22, 1950), also commonly known as Mackenzie King, was the dominant Canadian political leader from the 1920s through the 1940s.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The White Brigade (Witte Brigade, Brigade blanche) was a Belgian resistance group, founded in the summer of 1940 in Antwerp by Marcel Louette, who was nicknamed "Fidelio".
Woensdrecht is a village in the municipality of Woensdrecht, North Brabant, Netherlands.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
Zeebrugge (from: Brugge aan zee meaning "Bruges on Sea", Zeebruges) is a village on the coast of Belgium and a subdivision of Bruges, for which it is the modern port.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
Zijpe is a former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Zuid-Beveland (South Beveland) is part of the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands north of the Westerschelde and south of the Oosterschelde.
Zuidzande is a village in the Dutch province of Zeeland.
The 104th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade was a formation of the Canadian Army in both World War I and World War II.
The 155th (South Scottish) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.
The 157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
15th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA, is a Primary Reserve Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA) regiment based in Vancouver, British Columbia, at the Bessborough Armoury.
The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The German 1st Parachute Army (1. Fallschirm-Armee) was formed in September, 1944, comprising 30,000 men.
The Flak 30 (Flugabwehrkanone 30) and improved Flak 38 were 20 mm anti-aircraft guns used by various German forces throughout World War II.
The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.
The 2nd Canadian Division, an infantry division of the Canadian Army, was mobilized for war service on 1September 1939 at the outset of World War II.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
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The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 4th Special Service Brigade was a brigade-sized formation of the British Commandos formed during the Second World War in March 1944 from battalion-sized units of the Royal Marines.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 70th Infantry Division (70.) was a unit of the German Army during World War II.
The 79th Armoured Division was a specialist armoured division of the British Army created during World War II.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 7th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.
The 85th Infantry Division (German: 85. Infantrie-division) was a Wehrmacht division used in the Second World War.
The 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division.
The 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division.