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Battle of the Somme

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The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire. [1]

154 relations: Albert, Somme, Allies of World War I, Attacks on High Wood, Attrition warfare, Auld Lang Syne, Australian War Memorial, Émile Fayolle, Bapaume, Battle of Albert (1916), Battle of Delville Wood, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of Guillemont, Battle of Morval, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Ancre, Battle of the Ancre Heights, Battle of Thiepval Ridge, Battle of Verdun, Bazentin, BBC One, Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre, British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Summer Time, Brusilov Offensive, Canadian Corps, Capture of Regina Trench, Central Powers, Chantilly Conferences, Christopher Duffy, Combles, Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Curriculum, David Cameron, David Frum, Division (military), Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Empathy, Erich von Falkenhayn, Evaluation, Ferdinand Foch, First Army (United Kingdom), First Australian Imperial Force, First Battle of the Marne, First day on the Somme, Flanking maneuver, Foucaucourt-en-Santerre, Fourth Army (United Kingdom), French Third Republic, ..., Fritz von Below, General Certificate of Secondary Education, Generalleutnant, George V, German Army (German Empire), German Empire, German General Staff, Ginchy, Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais, Guards Reserve Corps, Gueudecourt, Guillemont, Hannescamps, Hawthorn Ridge Redoubt, Heaton Park, Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hindenburg Line, Hubert Gough, I Corps (United Kingdom), Infrastructure, Italian Front (World War I), John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, John Terraine, Joseph Alfred Micheler, Joseph Joffre, King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, Kitchener's Army, Last Post, Lesbœufs, Library and Archives Canada, Lieutenant general, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of battles by casualties, List of Canadian battles during the First World War, List of Marshals of France, List of military engagements of World War I, List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the Somme, Long ton, Longueval, Machine Gun Corps, Maricourt, Somme, Maurepas, Somme, Max von Gallwitz, Meuse, Militia, Moment of silence, Morval, New Zealand Division, Nivelle Offensive, No man's land, North Sea, Northern Ireland, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Alberich, Orange Order, Order of battle for the Battle of the Somme, Pals battalion, Parapet, Pas-de-Calais, Péronne, Somme, Peter Barton (historian), Picardy, Pozières, Prime minister, Railhead, Rearguard, Recruitment to the British Army during the First World War, Remembrance Sunday, Reserve Army (United Kingdom), Roger Chickering, Romania during World War I, Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria, Salient (military), Secondary education, Sixth Army (France), Somme (department), Somme (river), Southern Rhodesia, Staff (military), Standing army, Tank, Territorial Force, The Atlantic, The Daily Telegraph, The Royal British Legion, Thiepval, Thiepval Memorial, Traverse (trench warfare), Tunnel warfare, U-boat, Unionism in Ireland, United Kingdom, Western Front (World War I), Winston Churchill, World War I, Year Nine, Ypres, 16th (Irish) Division, 1st Army (German Empire), 1st Infantry Brigade (South Africa), 2nd Army (German Empire), 36th (Ulster) Division, 5th Division (Australia). Expand index (104 more) »

Albert, Somme

Albert is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Allies of World War I

The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.

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Attacks on High Wood

The Attacks on High Wood near Bazentin le Petit in the Somme département of northern France took place between the British Fourth Army and the German 1st Army during the Battle of the Somme.

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Attrition warfare

Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.

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Auld Lang Syne

"Auld Lang Syne" (note "s" rather than "z") is a Scots poem written by Robert Burns in 1788 and set to the tune of a traditional folk song (Roud # 6294).

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Australian War Memorial

The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Émile Fayolle

Marie Émile Fayolle (14 May 1852 – 27 August 1928) was a Marshal of France.

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Bapaume

Bapaume is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.

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Battle of Albert (1916)

The Battle of Albert (1–13 July 1916), comprised the first two weeks of Anglo-French offensive operations in the Battle of the Somme.

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Battle of Delville Wood

The Battle of Delville Wood was a series of engagements in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in the First World War, between the armies of the German Empire and the British Empire.

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Battle of Flers–Courcelette

The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.

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Battle of Guillemont

The Battle of Guillemont (3–6 September 1916) was an attack by the Fourth Army on the village of Guillemont.

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Battle of Morval

The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September).

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Battle of Passchendaele

The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.

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Battle of the Ancre

The Battle of the Ancre was fought by the Fifth Army (Lieutenant-General Hubert Gough), against the German 1st Army (General Fritz von Below).

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Battle of the Ancre Heights

The Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October – 11 November 1916), is the name given to the continuation of British attacks after the Battle of Thiepval Ridge from during the Battle of the Somme.

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Battle of Thiepval Ridge

The Battle of Thiepval Ridge was the first large offensive mounted by the Reserve Army (Lieutenant General Hubert Gough), during the Battle of the Somme on the Western Front during the First World War.

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Battle of Verdun

The Battle of Verdun (Bataille de Verdun,, Schlacht um Verdun), fought from 21 February to 18 December 1916, was the largest and longest battle of the First World War on the Western Front between the German and French armies.

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Bazentin

Bazentin is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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BBC One

BBC One is the flagship television channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the United Kingdom, Isle of Man and Channel Islands.

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Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre

Beaucourt-sur-l'Ancre is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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British Summer Time

During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

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Brusilov Offensive

The Brusilov Offensive (Брусиловский прорыв Brusilovskiĭ proryv, literally: "Brusilov's breakthrough"), also known as the "June Advance", of June to September 1916 was the Russian Empire’s greatest feat of arms during World War I, and among the most lethal offensives in world history.

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Canadian Corps

The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.

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Capture of Regina Trench

Regina Trench (Staufen Riegel) was a German trench dug along the north-facing slope of a ridge running from north-west of the village of Le Sars, south-westwards to Stuff Redoubt (Staufenfeste), close to the German fortifications at Thiepval on the Somme battlefield.

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Central Powers

The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).

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Chantilly Conferences

The Chantilly Conferences were a series of three conferences held between 1915 and 1916 by the Allied Powers of World War I. The conferences were named after Chantilly, France, where the meetings took place.

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Christopher Duffy

Christopher Duffy (born 1936) is a British military historian.

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Combles

Combles is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars.

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Curriculum

In education, a curriculum (plural: curricula or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.

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David Cameron

David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.

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David Frum

David Jeffrey Frum (born June 30, 1960) is a Canadian-American political commentator.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Empathy

Empathy is the capacity to understand or feel what another person is experiencing from within their frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's position.

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Erich von Falkenhayn

General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.

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Evaluation

Evaluation is a systematic determination of a subject's merit, worth and significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.

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Ferdinand Foch

Marshal Ferdinand Jean Marie Foch (2 October 1851 – 20 March 1929) was a French general and military theorist who served as the Supreme Allied Commander during the First World War.

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First Army (United Kingdom)

The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

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First Australian Imperial Force

The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.

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First Battle of the Marne

The Battle of the Marne (Première bataille de la Marne, also known as the Miracle of the Marne, Le Miracle de la Marne) was a World War I battle fought from It resulted in an Allied victory against the German armies in the west.

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First day on the Somme

The first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, was the opening day of the Battle of Albert the name given by the British to the first two weeks of the Battle of the Somme.

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Flanking maneuver

In military tactics, a flanking maneuver, or flanking manoeuvre is a movement of an armed force around a flank to achieve an advantageous position over an enemy.

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Foucaucourt-en-Santerre

Foucaucourt-en-Santerre is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Fourth Army (United Kingdom)

The Fourth Army was a field army that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

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Fritz von Below

Fritz Theodor Carl von Below (23 September 1853 – 23 November 1918) was a Prussian general in the German Army during the First World War.

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General Certificate of Secondary Education

The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) is an academic qualification, generally taken in a number of subjects by pupils in secondary education in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

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Generalleutnant

Generalleutnant, short GenLt, (lieutenant general) is the second highest general officer rank in the German Army (Heer) and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).

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George V

George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

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German Army (German Empire)

The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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German General Staff

The German General Staff, originally the Prussian General Staff and officially Great General Staff (Großer Generalstab), was a full-time body at the head of the Prussian Army and later, the German Army, responsible for the continuous study of all aspects of war, and for drawing up and reviewing plans for mobilization or campaign.

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Ginchy

Ginchy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais

Gommecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Guards Reserve Corps

The Guards Reserve Corps (Garde-Reserve-Korps / Garde RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

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Gueudecourt

Gueudecourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Guillemont

Guillemont is a commune approximately east of Albert in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Hannescamps

Hannescamps is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Hawthorn Ridge Redoubt

Hawthorn Ridge Redoubt was a German front-line fortification, west of the village of Beaumont Hamel on the Somme.

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Heaton Park

Heaton Park is a municipal park in Manchester, England, covering an area of over.

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Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson

General Henry Seymour Rawlinson, 1st Baron Rawlinson, (20 February 1864 – 28 March 1925), known as Sir Henry Rawlinson, 2nd Baronet between 1895 and 1919, was a British First World War general best known for his roles in the Battle of the Somme of 1916 and the Battle of Amiens in 1918.

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Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener

Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.

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Hindenburg Line

The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.

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Hubert Gough

General Sir Hubert de la Poer Gough (12 August 1870 – 18 March 1963) was a senior officer in the British Army in the First World War.

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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.

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Infrastructure

Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.

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Italian Front (World War I)

The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.

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John French, 1st Earl of Ypres

Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres, (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as Sir John French from 1901 to 1916, and as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a senior British Army officer.

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John Terraine

John Alfred Terraine (15 January 1921 – 28 December 2003) was an English military historian, and a TV screenwriter.

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Joseph Alfred Micheler

Joseph Alfred Micheler (23 September 1861 Phalsbourg – 17 March 1931 Nice) was a French general in the First World War.

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Joseph Joffre

Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.

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King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery

The King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery is a ceremonial unit of the British Army, quartered at Woolwich.

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Kitchener's Army

The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.

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Last Post

The "Last Post" is either a B♭ bugle call within British infantry regiments, or an E♭ cavalry trumpet call in British cavalry and Royal Regiment of Artillery (Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Artillery), and is used at Commonwealth military funerals, and ceremonies commemorating those who have been killed in war.

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Lesbœufs

Lesbœufs is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Library and Archives Canada

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) (in Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) is a federal institution tasked with acquiring, preserving and making Canada's documentary heritage accessible.

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Lieutenant general

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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List of battles by casualties

The following is a list of the casualties count in battles in world history.

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List of Canadian battles during the First World War

This is a list of battles during the First World War in which the Canadian Expeditionary Force participated.

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List of Marshals of France

Marshal of France (Maréchal de France, plural Maréchaux de France) is a French military distinction, rather than a military rank, that is awarded to generals for exceptional achievements.

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List of military engagements of World War I

List of military engagements of World War I encompasses land, naval, and air engagements as well as campaigns, operations, defensive lines and sieges.

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List of World War I memorials and cemeteries in the Somme

This article lists the memorials and cemeteries around the area of the river Somme.

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Long ton

Long ton, also known as the imperial ton or displacement ton,Dictionary.com - "a unit for measuring the displacement of a vessel, equal to a long ton of 2240 pounds (1016 kg) or 35 cu.

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Longueval

Longueval is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Machine Gun Corps

The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.

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Maricourt, Somme

Maricourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Maurepas, Somme

Maurepas is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Max von Gallwitz

Max Karl Wilhelm von Gallwitz (2 May 1852 – 18 April 1937) was a German general from Breslau (Wrocław), Silesia, who served with distinction during World War I on both the Eastern and Western Fronts.

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Meuse

The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.

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Militia

A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).

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Moment of silence

A moment of silence is a period of silent contemplation, prayer, reflection, or meditation.

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Morval

Morval is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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New Zealand Division

The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.

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Nivelle Offensive

The Nivelle Offensive of 1917, was a Franco-British offensive on the Western Front in the First World War.

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No man's land

No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.

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North Sea

The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.

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Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Operation Alberich

Operation Alberich (Unternehmen Alberich) was the code name of a German military operation in France during the First World War.

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Orange Order

The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.

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Order of battle for the Battle of the Somme

This is the order of battle for the Battle of the Somme.

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Pals battalion

The pals battalions of World War I were specially constituted battalions of the British Army comprising men who had enlisted together in local recruiting drives, with the promise that they would be able to serve alongside their friends, neighbours and colleagues ("pals"), rather than being arbitrarily allocated to battalions.

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Parapet

A parapet is a barrier which is an extension of the wall at the edge of a roof, terrace, balcony, walkway or other structure.

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Pas-de-Calais

Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).

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Péronne, Somme

Péronne is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Peter Barton (historian)

Peter Arthur Barton (born 28 March 1955) is a British military historian, author and filmmaker specialising in trench warfare during World War I. He has published extensively on military mining and aspects of battlefield archaeology on the Western Front, and led archaeological excavations that have been featured in several Time Team episodes.

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Picardy

Picardy (Picardie) is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France.

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Pozières

Pozières is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Prime minister

A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.

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Railhead

No description.

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Rearguard

A rearguard is that part of a military force that protects it from attack from the rear, either during an advance or withdrawal.

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Recruitment to the British Army during the First World War

At the beginning of 1914 the British Army had a reported strength of 710,000 men including reserves, of which around 80,000 were regular troops ready for war.

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Remembrance Sunday

Remembrance Sunday is held in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth of Nations as a day "to commemorate the contribution of British and Commonwealth military and civilian servicemen and women in the two World Wars and later conflicts".

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Reserve Army (United Kingdom)

The Reserve Army was a field army of the British Army and part of the British Expeditionary Force during the First World War.

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Roger Chickering

Roger Chickering is an American historian of the German Empire and World War I. He was a professor at Georgetown University, retiring in 2010.

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Romania during World War I

The Kingdom of Romania was neutral for the first two years of World War I, entering on the side of the Allied powers from 27 August 1916 until Central Power occupation led to the Treaty of Bucharest in May 1918, before reentering the war on 10 November 1918. It had the only oil fields in Europe, and Germany eagerly bought its petroleum, as well as food exports. King Carol favored Germany but after his death in 1914, King Ferdinand and the nation's political elite favored the Entente. For Romania, the highest priority was taking Transylvania from Hungary, with its 3,000,000 Romanians. The Allies wanted Romania to join its side in order to cut the rail communications between Germany and Turkey, and to cut off Germany's oil supplies. Britain made loans, France sent a military training mission, and Russia promised modern munitions. The Allies promised at least 200,000 soldiers to defend Romania against Bulgaria to the south, and help it invade Austria. The Romanian campaign was part of the Balkan theatre of World War I, with Romania and Russia allied with Britain and France against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria, and Turkey. Fighting took place from August 1916 to December 1917 across most of present-day Romania, including Transylvania, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the time, as well as in southern Dobruja, which is currently part of Bulgaria. Despite initial successes, the Romanian forces (aided by Russia) suffered massive setbacks, and by the end of 1916 only Moldavia remained. After several defensive victories in 1917, with Russia's withdrawal from the war following the October Revolution, Romania, almost completely surrounded by the Central Powers, was also forced to drop out of the war; it signed the Treaty of Bucharest with the Central Powers in May 1918. On 10 November 1918, just one day before the German armistice and after all the other Central Powers had already capitulated, Romania re-entered the war after the successful Allied advances on the Macedonian Front.

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Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria

Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria (Rupprecht Maria Luitpold Ferdinand; 18 May 1869 – 2 August 1955) was the last heir apparent to the Bavarian throne.

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Salient (military)

A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.

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Secondary education

Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education scale.

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Sixth Army (France)

The Sixth Army (6eme Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.

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Somme (department)

Somme is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river.

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Somme (river)

The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.

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Southern Rhodesia

The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa from 1923 to 1980, the predecessor state of modern Zimbabwe.

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Staff (military)

A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.

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Standing army

A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.

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Tank

A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.

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Territorial Force

The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.

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The Atlantic

The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Royal British Legion

The Royal British Legion (RBL), sometimes called The British Legion or The Legion, is a British charity providing financial, social and emotional support to members and veterans of the British Armed Forces, their families and dependants.

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Thiepval

Thiepval is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Thiepval Memorial

The Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme is a war memorial to 72,337 missing British and South African servicemen who died in the Battles of the Somme of the First World War between 1915 and 1918, with no known grave.

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Traverse (trench warfare)

A traverse in trench warfare is an adaptation to reduce casualties to defenders occupying a trench.

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Tunnel warfare

Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.

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U-boat

U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".

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Unionism in Ireland

Unionism in Ireland is a political ideology that favours the continuation of some form of political union between the islands of Ireland and Great Britain.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Western Front (World War I)

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Year Nine

Year Nine is an educational year group in schools in many countries including the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.

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Ypres

Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.

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16th (Irish) Division

The 16th (Irish) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised for service during World War I. The division was a voluntary 'Service' formation of Lord Kitchener's New Armies, created in Ireland from the 'National Volunteers', initially in September 1914, after the outbreak of the Great War.

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1st Army (German Empire)

The 1st Army (1.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VIII Army Inspection.

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1st Infantry Brigade (South Africa)

The South African 1st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the army of the Union of South Africa during World Wars I and II.

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2nd Army (German Empire)

The 2nd Army (2.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.

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36th (Ulster) Division

The 36th (Ulster) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of Lord Kitchener's New Army, formed in September 1914.

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5th Division (Australia)

The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.

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Redirects here:

Battle Of The Somme, Battle of Beaumont-Hamel, Battle of Somme, Battle of the Some, Battle of the Somme (1916), Battle of the somme, First Battle of the Somme, Somme 1916, Somme Campaign, Somme Offensive, Somme Offensive Campaign, Somme offensive, Somme, 1916, The Battle of the Some, The Battle of the Somme, The Somme, The battle of somme.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Somme

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