Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Bavarian language

+ Save concept

Bavarian (also known as Bavarian Austrian or Austro-Bavarian; Boarisch or Bairisch; Bairisch; bajor) is a West Germanic language belonging to the Upper German group, spoken in the southeast of the German language area, much of Bavaria, much of Austria and South Tyrol in Italy. [1]

92 relations: Affricate consonant, Aichach-Friedberg, Alemannic German, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Austria, Austrian German, Austrians, Austropop, Back vowel, Bavaria, Bavarians, Bayreuth (district), Bible, Bilabial consonant, Burgenland, Canton of Grisons, Carinthia, Central Bavarian, Central vowel, Close vowel, Close-mid vowel, Czech Republic, Danube, Dialect continuum, Duchy of Bavaria, Edmund Stoiber, Elbe Germanic, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, German language, Glottal consonant, High German consonant shift, High German languages, Hungary, Imperative mood, Isar, ISO 639-3, Italy, Kingdom of Germany, Labiodental consonant, Lower Austria, Lower Bavaria, Ludwig Thoma, Mass media, Middle Franconia, Middle High German, Munich, Mutual intelligibility, Nasal consonant, ..., Nickname, Northern Bavarian, Northern Italy, Old High German, Open vowel, Open-mid vowel, Palatal consonant, Postalveolar consonant, Preterite, Realis mood, Reutte District, Roundedness, Salzburg (state), Samnaun, Saxony, Sopron, South Tyrol, Southern Bavarian, Sprachraum, Stop consonant, Styria, Subjunctive mood, Swabia (Bavaria), Switzerland, Tenseness, Trill consonant, Tyrol (state), Upper Austria, Upper Bavaria, Upper Franconia, Upper German, Upper Palatinate, Velar consonant, Vienna, Viennese German, Vocabulary, Vogtland, Vorarlberg, Vowel, Vowel length, West Germanic languages, Wunsiedel (district). Expand index (42 more) »

Affricate consonant

An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).

New!!: Bavarian language and Affricate consonant · See more »


Aichach-Friedberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Aichach-Friedberg · See more »

Alemannic German

Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.

New!!: Bavarian language and Alemannic German · See more »

Alveolar consonant

Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.

New!!: Bavarian language and Alveolar consonant · See more »

Approximant consonant

Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.

New!!: Bavarian language and Approximant consonant · See more »


Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

New!!: Bavarian language and Austria · See more »

Austrian German

Austrian German (Österreichisches Deutsch), Austrian Standard German, Standard Austrian German (Österreichisches Standarddeutsch) or Austrian High German (Österreichisches Hochdeutsch), is the variety of Standard German written and spoken in Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Austrian German · See more »


Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.

New!!: Bavarian language and Austrians · See more »


Austropop is pop music from Austria, which came into use in the late 1960s, but had its heyday in the 1970s and early and up until the mid 1980s.

New!!: Bavarian language and Austropop · See more »

Back vowel

A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Back vowel · See more »


Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.

New!!: Bavarian language and Bavaria · See more »


Bavarians (Bavarian: Boarn, Standard German: Bayern) are nation and ethnographic group of Germans of the Bavaria region, a state within Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Bavarians · See more »

Bayreuth (district)

Bayreuth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Bayreuth (district) · See more »


The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.

New!!: Bavarian language and Bible · See more »

Bilabial consonant

In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.

New!!: Bavarian language and Bilabial consonant · See more »


Burgenland (Őrvidék; Gradišće; Gradiščanska; Hradsko; is the easternmost and least populous state of Austria. It consists of two statutory cities and seven rural districts, with in total 171 municipalities. It is long from north to south but much narrower from west to east (wide at Sieggraben). The region is part of the Centrope Project.

New!!: Bavarian language and Burgenland · See more »

Canton of Grisons

The canton of (the) Grisons, or canton of Graubünden is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland.

New!!: Bavarian language and Canton of Grisons · See more »


No description.

New!!: Bavarian language and Carinthia · See more »

Central Bavarian

Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bavaria along the Danube river, on the northern side of the Eastern Alps.

New!!: Bavarian language and Central Bavarian · See more »

Central vowel

A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Central vowel · See more »

Close vowel

A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Close vowel · See more »

Close-mid vowel

A close-mid vowel (also mid-close vowel, high-mid vowel, mid-high vowel or half-close vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Close-mid vowel · See more »

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.

New!!: Bavarian language and Czech Republic · See more »


The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.

New!!: Bavarian language and Danube · See more »

Dialect continuum

A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.

New!!: Bavarian language and Dialect continuum · See more »

Duchy of Bavaria

The Duchy of Bavaria (German: Herzogtum Bayern) was, from the sixth through the eighth century, a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian kingdom.

New!!: Bavarian language and Duchy of Bavaria · See more »

Edmund Stoiber

Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber (born 28 September 1941) is a German politician, who was the 16th Minister President of the state of Bavaria between 1993 and 2007 and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU) between 1998 and 2007.

New!!: Bavarian language and Edmund Stoiber · See more »

Elbe Germanic

Elbe Germanic, also called Irminonic, is a term introduced by the German linguist Friedrich Maurer (1898–1984) in his book, Nordgermanen und Alemanen, to describe the unattested proto-language, or dialectal grouping, ancestral to the later Alemannic, Lombardic, Thuringian and Bavarian dialects.

New!!: Bavarian language and Elbe Germanic · See more »

Fricative consonant

Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.

New!!: Bavarian language and Fricative consonant · See more »

Front vowel

A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.

New!!: Bavarian language and Front vowel · See more »

German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

New!!: Bavarian language and German language · See more »

Glottal consonant

Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.

New!!: Bavarian language and Glottal consonant · See more »

High German consonant shift

In historical linguistics, the High German consonant shift or second Germanic consonant shift is a phonological development (sound change) that took place in the southern parts of the West Germanic dialect continuum in several phases.

New!!: Bavarian language and High German consonant shift · See more »

High German languages

The High German languages or High German dialects (hochdeutsche Mundarten) comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg, as well as in neighboring portions of France (Alsace and northern Lorraine), Italy (South Tyrol), the Czech Republic (Bohemia), and Poland (Upper Silesia).

New!!: Bavarian language and High German languages · See more »


Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

New!!: Bavarian language and Hungary · See more »

Imperative mood

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

New!!: Bavarian language and Imperative mood · See more »


The Isar is a river in Tyrol, Austria and Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Isar · See more »

ISO 639-3

ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series.

New!!: Bavarian language and ISO 639-3 · See more »


Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Bavarian language and Italy · See more »

Kingdom of Germany

The Kingdom of Germany or German Kingdom (Regnum Teutonicum, "Teutonic Kingdom"; Deutsches Reich) developed out of the eastern half of the former Carolingian Empire.

New!!: Bavarian language and Kingdom of Germany · See more »

Labiodental consonant

In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.

New!!: Bavarian language and Labiodental consonant · See more »

Lower Austria

Lower Austria (Niederösterreich; Dolní Rakousy; Dolné Rakúsko) is the northeasternmost state of the nine states in Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Lower Austria · See more »

Lower Bavaria

Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.

New!!: Bavarian language and Lower Bavaria · See more »

Ludwig Thoma

Ludwig Thoma (21 January 1867 in Oberammergau – 26 August 1921 in Tegernsee) was a German author, publisher and editor, who gained popularity through his partially exaggerated description of everyday Bavarian life.

New!!: Bavarian language and Ludwig Thoma · See more »

Mass media

The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.

New!!: Bavarian language and Mass media · See more »

Middle Franconia

Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Middle Franconia · See more »

Middle High German

Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Middle High German · See more »


Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.

New!!: Bavarian language and Munich · See more »

Mutual intelligibility

In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.

New!!: Bavarian language and Mutual intelligibility · See more »

Nasal consonant

In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.

New!!: Bavarian language and Nasal consonant · See more »


A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.

New!!: Bavarian language and Nickname · See more »

Northern Bavarian

Northern Bavarian is a dialect of the Bavarian language, together with Central Bavarian and Southern Bavarian.

New!!: Bavarian language and Northern Bavarian · See more »

Northern Italy

Northern Italy (Italia settentrionale or just Nord) is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy.

New!!: Bavarian language and Northern Italy · See more »

Old High German

Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.

New!!: Bavarian language and Old High German · See more »

Open vowel

An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.

New!!: Bavarian language and Open vowel · See more »

Open-mid vowel

An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Open-mid vowel · See more »

Palatal consonant

Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

New!!: Bavarian language and Palatal consonant · See more »

Postalveolar consonant

Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.

New!!: Bavarian language and Postalveolar consonant · See more »


The preterite (abbreviated or) is a grammatical tense or verb form serving to denote events that took place or were completed in the past.

New!!: Bavarian language and Preterite · See more »

Realis mood

A realis mood (abbreviated) is a grammatical mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact; in other words, to express what the speaker considers to be a known state of affairs, as in declarative sentences.

New!!: Bavarian language and Realis mood · See more »

Reutte District

The Bezirk Reutte is an administrative district (Bezirk) in Tyrol, Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Reutte District · See more »


In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel.

New!!: Bavarian language and Roundedness · See more »

Salzburg (state)

Salzburg (literally "Salt Fortress") is a state (Land) of Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Salzburg (state) · See more »


Samnaun (Samignun) is a high Alpine village and a valley at the eastern end of Switzerland and a municipality in the Engiadina Bassa/Val Müstair Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

New!!: Bavarian language and Samnaun · See more »


The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).

New!!: Bavarian language and Saxony · See more »


Sopron (Ödenburg, Šopron) is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near the Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő.

New!!: Bavarian language and Sopron · See more »

South Tyrol

South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.

New!!: Bavarian language and South Tyrol · See more »

Southern Bavarian

Southern Bavarian, or Southern Austro-Bavarian, is a cluster of Upper German dialects of the Bavarian group.

New!!: Bavarian language and Southern Bavarian · See more »


In linguistics, a sprachraum ("language space") is a geographical region where a common first language (mother tongue), with dialect varieties, or group of languages is spoken.

New!!: Bavarian language and Sprachraum · See more »

Stop consonant

In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.

New!!: Bavarian language and Stop consonant · See more »


Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Styria · See more »

Subjunctive mood

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood (that is, a way of speaking that allows people to express their attitude toward what they are saying) found in many languages.

New!!: Bavarian language and Subjunctive mood · See more »

Swabia (Bavaria)

Swabia (Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Swabia (Bavaria) · See more »


Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

New!!: Bavarian language and Switzerland · See more »


In phonology, tenseness or tensing is, most broadly, the pronunciation of a sound with greater muscular effort or constriction than is typical.

New!!: Bavarian language and Tenseness · See more »

Trill consonant

In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.

New!!: Bavarian language and Trill consonant · See more »

Tyrol (state)

Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Tyrol (state) · See more »

Upper Austria

Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Upper Austria · See more »

Upper Bavaria

Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Upper Bavaria · See more »

Upper Franconia

Upper Franconia (Oberfranken) is a Regierungsbezirk (administrative region) of the state of Bavaria, southern Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Upper Franconia · See more »

Upper German

Upper German (German) is a family of High German languages spoken primarily in the southern German-speaking area (Sprachraum).

New!!: Bavarian language and Upper German · See more »

Upper Palatinate

The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Upper Palatinate · See more »

Velar consonant

Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).

New!!: Bavarian language and Velar consonant · See more »


Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Vienna · See more »

Viennese German

Viennese German (Weanarisch, Weanerisch, Wienerisch) is the city dialect spoken in Vienna, the capital of Austria, and is counted among the Bavarian dialects.

New!!: Bavarian language and Viennese German · See more »


A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.

New!!: Bavarian language and Vocabulary · See more »


The Vogtland (Fojtsko) is a region reaching across the German free states of Bavaria, Saxony and Thuringia and into the Czech Republic (north-western Bohemia).

New!!: Bavarian language and Vogtland · See more »


Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state (Bundesland) of Austria.

New!!: Bavarian language and Vorarlberg · See more »


A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.

New!!: Bavarian language and Vowel · See more »

Vowel length

In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.

New!!: Bavarian language and Vowel length · See more »

West Germanic languages

The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).

New!!: Bavarian language and West Germanic languages · See more »

Wunsiedel (district)

Wunsiedel (Landkreis Wunsiedel i. Fichtelgebirge) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.

New!!: Bavarian language and Wunsiedel (district) · See more »

Redirects here:

Austro-Bavarian, Austro-Bavarian German, Austro-Bavarian dialect, Austro-Bavarian dialects, Austro-Bavarian language, Austrro-Bavarian, Bairisch, Bavarian German, Bavarian dialect, Bavarian dialects, Bavarian/Austrian language, Boarisch, Boarisch language, Boarische, ISO 639:bar, Ostmittlboarisch, South Austro-Bavarian.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bavarian_language

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »