92 relations: Affricate consonant, Aichach-Friedberg, Alemannic German, Alveolar consonant, Approximant consonant, Austria, Austrian German, Austrians, Austropop, Back vowel, Bavaria, Bavarians, Bayreuth (district), Bible, Bilabial consonant, Burgenland, Canton of Grisons, Carinthia, Central Bavarian, Central vowel, Close vowel, Close-mid vowel, Czech Republic, Danube, Dialect continuum, Duchy of Bavaria, Edmund Stoiber, Elbe Germanic, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, German language, Glottal consonant, High German consonant shift, High German languages, Hungary, Imperative mood, Isar, ISO 639-3, Italy, Kingdom of Germany, Labiodental consonant, Lower Austria, Lower Bavaria, Ludwig Thoma, Mass media, Middle Franconia, Middle High German, Munich, Mutual intelligibility, Nasal consonant, ..., Nickname, Northern Bavarian, Northern Italy, Old High German, Open vowel, Open-mid vowel, Palatal consonant, Postalveolar consonant, Preterite, Realis mood, Reutte District, Roundedness, Salzburg (state), Samnaun, Saxony, Sopron, South Tyrol, Southern Bavarian, Sprachraum, Stop consonant, Styria, Subjunctive mood, Swabia (Bavaria), Switzerland, Tenseness, Trill consonant, Tyrol (state), Upper Austria, Upper Bavaria, Upper Franconia, Upper German, Upper Palatinate, Velar consonant, Vienna, Viennese German, Vocabulary, Vogtland, Vorarlberg, Vowel, Vowel length, West Germanic languages, Wunsiedel (district). Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
An affricate is a consonant that begins as a stop and releases as a fricative, generally with the same place of articulation (most often coronal).
Aichach-Friedberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austrian German (Österreichisches Deutsch), Austrian Standard German, Standard Austrian German (Österreichisches Standarddeutsch) or Austrian High German (Österreichisches Hochdeutsch), is the variety of Standard German written and spoken in Austria.
Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.
Austropop is pop music from Austria, which came into use in the late 1960s, but had its heyday in the 1970s and early and up until the mid 1980s.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Bavarians (Bavarian: Boarn, Standard German: Bayern) are nation and ethnographic group of Germans of the Bavaria region, a state within Germany.
Bayreuth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
Burgenland (Őrvidék; Gradišće; Gradiščanska; Hradsko; is the easternmost and least populous state of Austria. It consists of two statutory cities and seven rural districts, with in total 171 municipalities. It is long from north to south but much narrower from west to east (wide at Sieggraben). The region is part of the Centrope Project.
The canton of (the) Grisons, or canton of Graubünden is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland.
Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bavaria along the Danube river, on the northern side of the Eastern Alps.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
A close-mid vowel (also mid-close vowel, high-mid vowel, mid-high vowel or half-close vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
The Czech Republic (Česká republika), also known by its short-form name Czechia (Česko), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
The Danube or Donau (known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
The Duchy of Bavaria (German: Herzogtum Bayern) was, from the sixth through the eighth century, a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian kingdom.
Edmund Rüdiger Stoiber (born 28 September 1941) is a German politician, who was the 16th Minister President of the state of Bavaria between 1993 and 2007 and chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU) between 1998 and 2007.
Elbe Germanic, also called Irminonic, is a term introduced by the German linguist Friedrich Maurer (1898–1984) in his book, Nordgermanen und Alemanen, to describe the unattested proto-language, or dialectal grouping, ancestral to the later Alemannic, Lombardic, Thuringian and Bavarian dialects.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
In historical linguistics, the High German consonant shift or second Germanic consonant shift is a phonological development (sound change) that took place in the southern parts of the West Germanic dialect continuum in several phases.
The High German languages or High German dialects (hochdeutsche Mundarten) comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg, as well as in neighboring portions of France (Alsace and northern Lorraine), Italy (South Tyrol), the Czech Republic (Bohemia), and Poland (Upper Silesia).
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.
The Isar is a river in Tyrol, Austria and Bavaria, Germany.
ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
The Kingdom of Germany or German Kingdom (Regnum Teutonicum, "Teutonic Kingdom"; Deutsches Reich) developed out of the eastern half of the former Carolingian Empire.
In phonetics, labiodentals are consonants articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
Lower Austria (Niederösterreich; Dolní Rakousy; Dolné Rakúsko) is the northeasternmost state of the nine states in Austria.
Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.
Ludwig Thoma (21 January 1867 in Oberammergau – 26 August 1921 in Tegernsee) was a German author, publisher and editor, who gained popularity through his partially exaggerated description of everyday Bavarian life.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken) is one of the three administrative regions of Franconia in Bavaria, Germany.
Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.
Northern Bavarian is a dialect of the Bavarian language, together with Central Bavarian and Southern Bavarian.
Northern Italy (Italia settentrionale or just Nord) is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy.
Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.
The preterite (abbreviated or) is a grammatical tense or verb form serving to denote events that took place or were completed in the past.
A realis mood (abbreviated) is a grammatical mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact; in other words, to express what the speaker considers to be a known state of affairs, as in declarative sentences.
The Bezirk Reutte is an administrative district (Bezirk) in Tyrol, Austria.
In phonetics, vowel roundedness refers to the amount of rounding in the lips during the articulation of a vowel.
Salzburg (literally "Salt Fortress") is a state (Land) of Austria.
Samnaun (Samignun) is a high Alpine village and a valley at the eastern end of Switzerland and a municipality in the Engiadina Bassa/Val Müstair Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
The Free State of Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen; Swobodny stat Sakska) is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland (Lower Silesian and Lubusz Voivodeships) and the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary, Liberec, and Ústí nad Labem Regions).
Sopron (Ödenburg, Šopron) is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near the Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
Southern Bavarian, or Southern Austro-Bavarian, is a cluster of Upper German dialects of the Bavarian group.
In linguistics, a sprachraum ("language space") is a geographical region where a common first language (mother tongue), with dialect varieties, or group of languages is spoken.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Styria (Steiermark,, Štajerska, Stájerország, Štýrsko) is a state or Bundesland, located in the southeast of Austria.
The subjunctive is a grammatical mood (that is, a way of speaking that allows people to express their attitude toward what they are saying) found in many languages.
Swabia (Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
In phonology, tenseness or tensing is, most broadly, the pronunciation of a sound with greater muscular effort or constriction than is typical.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Tyrol (Tirol; Tirolo) is a federal state (Bundesland) in western Austria.
Upper Austria (Oberösterreich; Austro-Bavarian: Obaöstarreich; Horní Rakousy) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer of Austria.
Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany.
Upper Franconia (Oberfranken) is a Regierungsbezirk (administrative region) of the state of Bavaria, southern Germany.
Upper German (German) is a family of High German languages spoken primarily in the southern German-speaking area (Sprachraum).
The Upper Palatinate (Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of Bavaria.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Viennese German (Weanarisch, Weanerisch, Wienerisch) is the city dialect spoken in Vienna, the capital of Austria, and is counted among the Bavarian dialects.
A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language.
The Vogtland (Fojtsko) is a region reaching across the German free states of Bavaria, Saxony and Thuringia and into the Czech Republic (north-western Bohemia).
Vorarlberg is the westernmost federal state (Bundesland) of Austria.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
In linguistics, vowel length is the perceived duration of a vowel sound.
The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches of the Germanic family of languages (the others being the North Germanic and the extinct East Germanic languages).
Wunsiedel (Landkreis Wunsiedel i. Fichtelgebirge) is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany.
Austro-Bavarian, Austro-Bavarian German, Austro-Bavarian dialect, Austro-Bavarian dialects, Austro-Bavarian language, Austrro-Bavarian, Bairisch, Bavarian German, Bavarian dialect, Bavarian dialects, Bavarian/Austrian language, Boarisch, Boarisch language, Boarische, ISO 639:bar, Ostmittlboarisch, South Austro-Bavarian.