262 relations: Aarti, Abyssal fan, Adam's Bridge, Adoniram Judson, Amboina box turtle, Amethyst, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands, Andaman Sea, Andhra Pradesh, Aquaculture, Archaeology of shipwrecks, Asian brown cloud, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Assam, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Baitarani River, Bakkhali, Bangladesh, Barracuda, Bavikonda, Bay, Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, Bengal, Bengal Fan, Bengal tiger, Bengali language, Beryl, Bheemili Beach, Bhutan, Bodianus neilli, Bottlenose dolphin, Brahmani River, Brahmaputra River, Breueh Island, Bryde's whale, Burma Plate, Burmese Coast mangroves, Cape Negrais, Causeway, Cellular Jail, Chandaneswar, Chandipur, Odisha, Chandrabhaga beach, Chandragupta Maurya, Chaungtha, Pathein, Chennai, Chittagong, Chola dynasty, Clathrate hydrate, ..., Climate change, Climate of India, Coast, Coastal development hazards, Coastal management, Colombo, Conus bengalensis, Cooum River, Coral reef, Countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal, Cox's Bazar, Cyclone, Cyclone Aila, Cyclone Giri, Cyclone Hudhud, Cyclone Komen, Cyclone Maarutha, Cyclone Mala, Cyclone Mora, Cyclone Nargis, Cyclone Nilam, Cyclone Phailin, Cyclone Roanu, Cyclone Sidr, Cyclone Thane, Cyclone Vardah, Cyclone Viyaru, Dhamra, Dhamra Port, Diamond Harbour, Digha, Dondra, East India Company, Ecoregion, Endangered species, Endangered Species Act of 1973, Environmental issues with coral reefs, Estuary, Fish, Fish meal, Fish stock, Fisheries management, Fishery, Fishing, Fishing trawler, Fishing vessel, Food security, Frederic Tudor, French East India Company, Gahirmatha Beach, Galle Face Green, Ganges, Ganges Delta, Garnet, Gems of Sri Lanka, Godavari River, Gopalpur, Odisha, Govardhana matha, Great Andaman, Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve, Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Haldia Port, Hindu, Hooghly River, Humpback dolphin, Ichthyoplankton, India, Indian Navy, Indian Ocean, Indo-Australian Plate, INS Rajput, International Hydrographic Organization, Irrawaddy dolphin, Irrawaddy River, Jagannath, Jagannath Temple, Puri, Jamuna River (Bangladesh), Japanese cruiser Yura, Kakatiya dynasty, Kakinada Port, Kalinga (historical region), Kaveri, Kerilia jerdonii, Kolkata, Konark, Konark Sun Temple, Krishna River, Kuakata, Kushan Empire, Land reclamation, Leatherback sea turtle, Levee, List of major rivers of India, List of rivers by length, List of volcanoes in Myanmar, Lithosphere, Little Andaman, Mahanadi, Malaysia, Mandarmani, Manginapudi Beach, Mangrove, Marina Beach, Marine and Petroleum Geology, Marine biology, Marine ecosystem, Marine pollution, Marine protected area, Maritime archaeology, Maritime boundary, Marlin, Meghna River, Mercury (element), Military exercise, Miocene, Myanmar, Myeik, Myanmar, National Bureau of Asian Research, Natural gas, Naval battles of the American Revolutionary War, Ngwesaung, Nicobar Islands, Nonpoint source pollution, Northern Circars, Odisha, Olive ridley sea turtle, Overfishing, Padma River, Pakistan Navy, Pancha Tirtha, Puri, Pantropical spotted dolphin, Paradip Port, Pavurallakonda, Persistent organic pollutant, Plate tectonics, PNS Ghazi, Pondicherry, Port Blair, Port of Chittagong, Port of Kolkata, Port of Mongla, Port of Payra, Pre-1975 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons, Puri, Raja Raja Chola I, Ramanathaswamy Temple, Ritchie's Archipelago, Ross Island, South Andaman district, Ruby, Rushikonda Beach, Saltwater crocodile, Sanskrit, Sapphire, Saptagram, Seagrass, Sediment, Sedimentation, Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project, Seven Pagodas of Mahabalipuram, Sewage, Shankaracharya, Shankarpur, Shore Temple, Sittwe, Skipjack tuna, Sonadia Island, South Asia, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Southeast Asia, Spinner dolphin, Sri Lanka, St. Martin's Island, Star of India (ship), States and union territories of India, Storm surge, Submarine, Submarine earthquake, Sumatra, Sunda Arc, Sunda Trench, Sundarbans, Sundarbans National Park, Swami Vivekananda, Tajpur, West Bengal, Tarball (oil), Teknaf Upazila, Thailand, Thandwe, Thoothukudi, Thotlakonda, Tibet, Topaz, Total organic carbon, Tropical cyclone, Tuna, Typhoon Gay (1989), Visakhapatnam, Vivekanandar Illam, Volcanic arc, Vulnerable species, Water quality, West Bengal, World Heritage site, Wrasse, Yangon, Yellowfin tuna, 1876 Bengal cyclone, 1970 Bhola cyclone, 1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone, 1991 Bangladesh cyclone, 1999 Odisha cyclone, 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Expand index (212 more) » « Shrink index
Aarti also spelled arti, arati, arathi, aarthi (In Devanagari: आरती) is a Hindu religious ritual of worship, a part of puja, in which light from wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter) or camphor is offered to one or more deities.
Abyssal fans, also known as deep-sea fans, underwater deltas, and submarine fans, are underwater geological structures associated with large-scale sediment deposition and formed by turbidity currents.
Adam's Bridge (Sinhala: adamgay palama), also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu (Sanskrit), is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.
Adoniram Judson, Jr. (August 9, 1788 – April 12, 1850) was an American Congregationalist and later Baptist missionary, who served in Burma for almost forty years.
The Amboina box turtle (Cuora amboinensis), or southeast Asian box turtle is a species of Asian box turtle.
Amethyst is a violet variety of quartz often used in jewelry.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, one of the seven union territories of India, are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea.
The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east.
The Andaman Sea is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and touching Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
The archaeology of shipwrecks is the field of Archaeology specialized most commonly in the study and exploration of shipwrecks.
The Indian Ocean brown cloud or Asian brown cloud is a layer of air pollution that recurrently covers parts of South Asia, namely the northern Indian Ocean, India, and Pakistan.
The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
The Baitarani River or River Baitarani is one of six major rivers of Odisha, India.
Bakkhali is seaside hamlet in Namkhana (community development block) in Kakdwip subdivision of South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, India.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size, fearsome appearance and ferocious behaviour.
Bavikonda Buddhist Complex lies about 16 km from Visakhapatnam, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, on a hill about 130 metres above mean sea level.
A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean, a lake, or another bay.
The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation of seven nations of South Asia and South East Asia, housing 1.5 billion people and having a combined gross domestic product of $2.5 trillion (2014).
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
The Bengal Fan, also known as the Ganges Fan, is the largest submarine fan on Earth.
The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies in Asia, and was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals by 2011.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.
Beryl is a mineral composed of beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate with the chemical formula Be3Al2(SiO3)6.
Bheemili Beach is located at the origin of the Gosthani River, at a distance of 24 km from Visakhapatnam in Visakhapatnam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.
Bodianus neilli, the Bay of Bengal hogfish, is a species of fish in the Labridae family.
Bottlenose dolphins, the genus Tursiops, are the most common members of the family Delphinidae, the family of oceanic dolphin.
The Brahmani is a major seasonal river in the Odisha state of Eastern India.
The Brahmaputra (is one of the major rivers of Asia, a trans-boundary river which flows through China, India and Bangladesh. As such, it is known by various names in the region: Assamese: ব্ৰহ্মপুত্ৰ নদ ('নদ' nôd, masculine form of 'নদী' nôdi "river") Brôhmôputrô; ब्रह्मपुत्र, IAST:; Yarlung Tsangpo;. It is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra (when referring to the whole river including the stretch within Tibet). The Manas River, which runs through Bhutan, joins it at Jogighopa, in India. It is the ninth largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest. With its origin in the Manasarovar Lake, located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet as the Yarlung Tsangpo River, it flows across southern Tibet to break through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and into Arunachal Pradesh (India). It flows southwest through the Assam Valley as Brahmaputra and south through Bangladesh as the Jamuna (not to be mistaken with Yamuna of India). In the vast Ganges Delta, it merges with the Padma, the popular name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh, and finally the Meghna and from here it is known as Meghna before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. About long, the Brahmaputra is an important river for irrigation and transportation. The average depth of the river is and maximum depth is. The river is prone to catastrophic flooding in the spring when Himalayas snow melts. The average discharge of the river is about, and floods can reach over. It is a classic example of a braided river and is highly susceptible to channel migration and avulsion. It is also one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal bore. It is navigable for most of its length. The river drains the Himalaya east of the Indo-Nepal border, south-central portion of the Tibetan plateau above the Ganga basin, south-eastern portion of Tibet, the Patkai-Bum hills, the northern slopes of the Meghalaya hills, the Assam plains, and the northern portion of Bangladesh. The basin, especially south of Tibet, is characterized by high levels of rainfall. Kangchenjunga (8,586 m) is the only peak above 8,000 m, hence is the highest point within the Brahmaputra basin. The Brahmaputra's upper course was long unknown, and its identity with the Yarlung Tsangpo was only established by exploration in 1884–86. This river is often called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra river. The lower reaches are sacred to Hindus. While most rivers on the Indian subcontinent have female names, this river has a rare male name, as it means "son of Brahma" in Sanskrit (putra means "son").
Breueh Island (also Pulo Breueh, Pulau Breueh, Poelau Bras, Poeloe Bras) is an island in Pulo Aceh district, Aceh Besar Regency, Aceh, Indonesia off the northwest tip of the island of Sumatra.
Bryde's whale or the Bryde's whale complex putatively comprises two species of rorqual and maybe three.
The Burma Plate is a minor tectonic plate or microplate located in Southeast Asia, sometimes considered a part of the larger Eurasian Plate.
The Burmese or Myanmar Coast mangroves are an ecoregion in Burma, Malaysia, and Thailand where there were once thick forests of mangroves but today most has been cleared, resulting in loss of habitat for wildlife.
Cape Negrais, also known as Pagoda Point or Mawtin Point (Mawtin Zoon), is a cape in Burma (Myanmar), west of the Irrawaddy Delta.
In modern usage, a causeway is a road or railway on top of an embankment usually across a broad body of water or wetland.
The Cellular Jail, also known as Kālā Pānī (Hindi for black waters), was a colonial prison in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.
Chandaneshwar is famous for a Shiva temple in Chandaneswar, Baleswar, Odisha.
Chandipur (ଚାନ୍ଦିପୁର), also known as Chandipur-on-sea (ଚାନ୍ଦିପୁର ବନ୍ଦର), is a small sea resort in Baleswar District, Odisha, India.
Chandrabhaga Beach is situated three km east of the Sun temple of Konark, in the Puri district in the state of Odisha, India.
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–297 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India.
Chaungtha (ချောင်းသာ) is a village and beach resort located in Ayeyarwady Region, Myanmar.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chittagong, officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
Clathrate hydrates, or gas clathrates, gas hydrates, clathrates, hydrates, etc., are crystalline water-based solids physically resembling ice, in which small non-polar molecules (typically gases) or polar molecules with large hydrophobic moieties are trapped inside "cages" of hydrogen bonded, frozen water molecules.
Climate change is a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time (i.e., decades to millions of years).
The Climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
A coastal development hazard is something that affects the natural environment by man-made products.
Coastal management is defence against flooding and erosion, and techniques that stop erosion to claim lands.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Conus bengalensis, common name the Bengal cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.
The Cooum River is one of the shortest classified rivers draining into the Bay of Bengal.
Coral reefs are diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals.
The countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal include littoral and landlocked countries that depend on the Bay of Bengal for maritime usage.
Cox's Bazar (কক্সবাজার) is a city, fishing port, tourism centre and district headquarters in southeastern Bangladesh.
In meteorology, a cyclone is a large scale air mass that rotates around a strong center of low atmospheric pressure.
Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidr in November 2007.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Giri (IMD designation: BOB 04, JTWC designation 04B, also known as Cyclone Giri) was a powerful tropical cyclone which caused catastrophic damage in parts of Myanmar in late October 2010.
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Hudhud was a strong tropical cyclone that caused extensive damage and loss of life in eastern India and Nepal during October 2014.
Cyclonic Storm Komen was an unusual tropical cyclone that originated near the southern coast of Bangladesh and later struck the same country while drifting over the northern Bay of Bengal.
Cyclone Maarutha was the first tropical cyclone of the 2017 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
Cyclone Mala was the strongest tropical cyclone of the 2006 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora (Thai, meaning agate) was a strong tropical cyclone that caused widespread impacts by devastation and severe flooding across Sri Lanka, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Northeast India in May 2017.
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Nargis (نرگس) caused the worst natural disaster in the recorded history of Myanmar during early May 2008.
Cyclonic Storm Nilam was the deadliest tropical cyclone to directly affect South India since Cyclone Jal in 2010.
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Phailin (Thai: ไพลิน meaning "sapphire") was the most intense tropical cyclone to make landfall in India since the 1999 Odisha cyclone.
Cyclonic Storm Roanu was a relatively weak tropical cyclone that caused severe flooding in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh during May 2016.
Cyclone Sidr (JTWC designation: 06B, also known as Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Sidr) was a tropical cyclone that resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in Bangladesh.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Thane was the strongest tropical cyclone of 2011 within the North Indian Ocean.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Vardah was the fourth cyclonic storm, as well as the most intense tropical cyclone of the 2016 North Indian Ocean cyclone season.
Cyclonic Storm Viyaru, operationally known as Cyclonic Storm Mahasen, was a relatively weak tropical cyclone that caused loss of life across six countries in Southern and Southeastern Asia.
Dhamra (or Dhamara) is a small community on the banks of the Dhamra River in the Bhadrak district of Odisha state, India.
The Dhamra Port is a newly developed Port in Bhadrak district, Odisha, India, on the shore of the Bay of Bengal about seven kilometers from the old port of Dhamra.
Diamond Harbour is a city and a municipality of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal.
Digha is a seaside resort town in the state of West Bengal, India.
Dondra (Sinhala:දෙවුන්දර තුඩුව/Devi Nuwara - God's Town/City of Gods, Tamil: Tevan/Ten Thurai, Corruption: Devundara/Dondra - Lord's Port/South Port) is a settlement on the extreme southernmost tip of Sri Lanka, in the Indian Ocean near Matara, Southern Province, Sri Lanka.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone.
An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as very likely to become extinct.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA; 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.) is one of the few dozens of US environmental laws passed in the 1970s, and serves as the enacting legislation to carry out the provisions outlined in The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Human impact on coral reefs is significant.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Fish meal, or fishmeal, is a commercial product mostly made from fish that are not generally used for human consumption; a small portion is made from the bones and offal left over from processing fish used for human consumption, while the larger percentage is manufactured from wild-caught, small marine fish; either unmanaged by-catch or sometimes sustainable fish stocks.
Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.
Fisheries management is the activity of protecting fishery resources so sustainable exploitation is possible, drawing on fisheries science, and including the precautionary principle.
Generally, a fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish which is determined by some authority to be a fishery.
Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
A fishing trawler is a commercial fishing vessel designed to operate fishing trawls.
A fishing vessel is a boat or ship used to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or river.
Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.
Frederic Tudor (September 4, 1783 – February 6, 1864) was an American businessman and merchant.
The French East India Company (Compagnie française pour le commerce des Indes orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English (later British) and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies. Planned by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, it was chartered by King Louis XIV for the purpose of trading in the Eastern Hemisphere. It resulted from the fusion of three earlier companies, the 1660 Compagnie de Chine, the Compagnie d'Orient and Compagnie de Madagascar. The first Director General for the Company was François de la Faye, who was adjoined by two Directors belonging to the two most successful trading organizations at that time: François Caron, who had spent 30 years working for the Dutch East India Company, including more than 20 years in Japan, and Marcara Avanchintz, a trader from Isfahan, Persia.
Gahirmatha Beach is a beach in the Indian state of Odisha.
The Galle Face is a ocean-side urban park, which stretches for along the coast, in the heart of Colombo, the financial and business capital of Sri Lanka.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (also known as the Brahmaputra Delta, the Sunderbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the South Asia, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.
Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.
Sri Lanka’s gem industry has a very long and colorful history.
The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga.
Gopalpur is a town and a Notified Area Council on the Bay of Bengal coast in Ganjam district in the southern part of Odisha, India.
The Govardhana matha is a monastery located in the city of Puri in Odisha state (India).
Great Andaman is the main archipelago of the Andaman Islands of India.
The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve encompasses a large part (some 85%) of the island of Great Nicobar, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The group of monuments at Mahabalipuram is a collection of 7th- and 8th-century CE religious monuments in the coastal resort town of Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, India and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Haldia port or Haldia Dock Complex has been built at the meeting place of the Haldi River and Hooghly river.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
The Hooghly River (Hugli; Anglicized alternatively spelled Hoogli or Hugli) or the Bhāgirathi-Hooghly, traditionally called 'Ganga', is an approximately distributary of the Ganges River in West Bengal, India.
Humpback dolphins are members of the genus Sousa.
Ichthyoplankton (from Greek: ἰχθύς, ikhthus, "fish"; and πλαγκτός, planktos, "drifter") are the eggs and larvae of fish.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Navy (IN; IAST: Bhāratīya Nau Senā) is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth's surface).
The Indo-Australian Plate is a major tectonic plate that includes the continent of Australia and surrounding ocean, and extends northwest to include the Indian subcontinent and adjacent waters.
The following ships of the Indian Navy have been named Rajput.
The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) is the inter-governmental organisation representing hydrography.
The Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) is a euryhaline species of oceanic dolphin found in discontinuous subpopulations near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia.
The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River (also spelt Ayeyarwaddy) is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar.
Jagannath ('''ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ'''., IAST: Jagannātha, or Jagannatha) literally means "Lord of the Universe" and is a deity worshipped in regional traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and Bangladesh.
The Shree Jagannath Temple (Odia: ଶ୍ରୀ ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ ମନ୍ଦିର) of Puri is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Jagannath, a form of lord Vishnu, located on the eastern coast of India, at Puri in the state of Odisha.
The Jamuna River (যমুনা Jomuna) is one of the three main rivers of Bangladesh.
was the fourth of the six ships completed in the of light cruisers for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), and like other vessels of her class, she was intended for use as the flagship of a destroyer flotilla.
The Kakatiya dynasty was a South Indian dynasty whose capital was Orugallu, now known as Warangal.
Kakinada Port is located at Kakinada off the east coast of India.
Kalinga is a historical region of India.
Kaveri (anglicized as Cauvery), also referred as Ponni, is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Kerilia jerdonii, commonly known as Jerdon's sea snake, is a species of venomous sea snake in the subfamily Hydrophiinae.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Konark is a medium town in the Puri district in the state of Odisha, India.
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE sun temple at Konark about northeast from Puri on the coastline of Odisha, India.
The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra.
Kuakata (কুয়াকাটা) is a town known for its panoramic sea beach.
The Kushan Empire (Βασιλεία Κοσσανῶν; Κυϸανο, Kushano; कुषाण साम्राज्य Kuṣāṇa Samrajya; BHS:; Chinese: 貴霜帝國; Kušan-xšaθr) was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
The rivers of India play an important role in the lives of the Indians.
This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth.
This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Myanmar (also known as Burma).
A lithosphere (λίθος for "rocky", and σφαίρα for "sphere") is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet, or natural satellite, that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties.
Little Andaman Island (Onge: Gaubolambe) is the fourth largest of the Andaman Islands of India with an area of 707 km², lying at the southern end of the archipelago.
The Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mandarmani is a seaside resort village in the state of West Bengal, India, lies in East Midnapore district and at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal.
Manginapudi Beach is located on the coast of Bay of Bengal, at a distance of from Machilipatnam of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Marina Beach is a natural urban beach in the city of Chennai (Madras), India, along the Bay of Bengal.
Marine and Petroleum Geology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering marine and petroleum geology.
Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea.
Marine ecosystems are among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems.
Marine pollution occurs when harmful, or potentially harmful, effects result from the entry into the ocean of chemicals, particles, industrial, agricultural, and residential waste, noise, or the spread of invasive organisms.
Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or large lakes.
Maritime archaeology (also known as marine archaeology) is a discipline within archaeology as a whole that specifically studies human interaction with the sea, lakes and rivers through the study of associated physical remains, be they vessels, shore side facilities, port-related structures, cargoes, human remains and submerged landscapes.
A maritime boundary is a conceptual division of the Earth's water surface areas using physiographic or geopolitical criteria.
A marlin is a fish from the family Istiophoridae, which includes about 10 species.
The Meghna River (মেঘনা নদী) is one of the most important rivers in Bangladesh, one of the three that forms the Ganges Delta, the largest delta on earth, which fans out to the Bay of Bengal.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.
Myeik (or; ဗိက်,; มะริด), formerly Mergui, is a city in Tanintharyi Region in Myanmar (Burma), located in the extreme south of the country on the coast of an island on the Andaman Sea.
The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR) is an American nonprofit, research institution based in Seattle, Washington, with a branch office in Washington, D.C. The organization’s mission is to inform and strengthen Asia-Pacific policy.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
The War of the American Independence saw a series of military manoeuvres and battles involving naval forces of the British Royal Navy and the Continental Navy from 1775, and of the French Navy from 1778 onwards.
Ngwesaung (ငွေဆောင်) is a beach resort located 48 km west of Pathein, Ayeyarwady Region, Myanmar.
The Nicobar Islands are an archipelagic island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean.
Nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is a term used to describe pollution resulting from many diffuse sources, in direct contrast to point source pollution which results from a single source.
The Northern Circars (also spelt Sarkars) was a division of British India's Madras Presidency.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
The olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle, are smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world, species of sea turtle found in warm and tropical waters, primarily in the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
The Padma (পদ্মা ''Pôdda'') is a major river in Bangladesh.
The Pakistan Navy (rtl; Pɑkistan Bahri'a) (reporting name: PN) is the naval warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defence of important civilian harbours and military bases.
Hindus consider it essential to bathe in the Pancha Tirtha or the five sacred bathing spots of Puri, India, to complete a pilgrimage to Puri.
The pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata) is a species of dolphin found in all the world's temperate and tropical oceans.
Paradip Port(ପାରାଦୀପ ବନ୍ଦର) is a natural, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha.
Pavurallakonda or Pavurallabodu is the local name of a hill, popularly known as Narasimhaswamy Konda, near Bheemunipatnam about 25 km towards north of Visakhapatnam, in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
PNS Ghazi (previously USS Diablo (SS-479); reporting name: Ghazi),, was a diesel-electric and the first fast-attack submarine of the Pakistan Navy, leased from the United States in 1963.
Pondicherry (or; French: Pondichéry) is the capital city and the largest city of the Indian union territory of Puducherry.
Port Blair is the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a union territory of India situated in the Bay of Bengal.
The Port of Chittagong (চট্টগ্রাম বন্দর) is the busiest seaport on the coastline of the Bay of Bengal, and the second busiest in the overall region of countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal. According to Lloyd's, it ranked as the 71st busiest port in the world in 2017 Located in the Bangladeshi port city of Chittagong and on the banks of the Karnaphuli River, the port of Chittagong handles 90% of Bangladesh's export-import trade, and has been used by India, Nepal and Bhutan for transshipment. Congestion is a major challenge in Chittagong port. The port had a congestion rate of 84.3 hours between January and July in 2017.
The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India, located around from the sea.
The Port of Mongla is the second busiest seaport of Bangladesh.
The Port of Payra is a small seaport in southern Bangladesh.
The years before 1975 featured the pre-1975 North Indian Ocean cyclone seasons.
Puri is a city and a Municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India.
Raja Raja Cholan I (or Rajaraja Cholan I) born as Arul Mozhi Varman known as Raja Raja Cholan was a Chola Emperor from present day South India who ruled over the Chola kingdom of Ancient Tamilnadu (parts of southern India), parts of northern India, two third's of Sri Lankan territory (Eezham), Maldives and parts of East Asia, between 985 and 1014 CE.
Ramanathaswamy Temple (இராமநாதஸ்வாமி கோயில் Irāmanātasvāmi Kōyil):ta:இராமேஸ்வரம் இராமநாதசுவாமி கோயில் is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva located on Rameswaram island in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Ritchie's Archipelago is a cluster of smaller islands which lie east of Great Andaman, the main island group of the Andaman Islands.
Ross Island is an island of the Andaman Islands.
A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide).
Rushikonda Beach is located in Visakhapatnam on the coast of Bay of Bengal in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
The saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), also known as the estuarine crocodile, Indo-Pacific crocodile, marine crocodile, sea crocodile or informally as saltie, is the largest of all living reptiles, as well as the largest riparian predator in the world.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Sapphire is a precious gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide.
Saptagram (colloquially called Satgaon) was a major port, the chief city and sometimes capital of southern Bengal, in ancient and medieval times, the location presently being in the Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Seagrasses are flowering plants (angiosperms) belonging to four families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae and Cymodoceaceae), all in the order Alismatales (in the class of monocotyledons), which grow in marine, fully saline environments.
Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind, water, or ice, and/or by the force of gravity acting on the particles.
Sedimentation is the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained and come to rest against a barrier.
Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project is a proposed project to create a shipping route in the shallow straits between India and Sri Lanka.
"Seven Pagodas" has served as a nickname for the south Indian city of Mahabalipuram, also called Mamallapuram, since the first European explorers reached it.
Sewage (or domestic wastewater or municipal wastewater) is a type of wastewater that is produced from a community of people.
The four main Shankaracharya Mathas/Peethas are listed in the following table.
Shankarpu'r is a beach town located 14 km east of Digha in West Bengal, India.
The Shore Temple (built in 700–728 AD) is so named because it overlooks the shore of the Bay of Bengal.
Sittwe (formerly Akyab) is the capital of Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma).
The skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) is a medium-sized perciform fish in the tuna family, Scombridae.
Sonadia Island is a small island of about, offshore of the Cox's Bazar coast in Chittagong Division, Bangladesh.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of nations in South Asia.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The spinner dolphin (Stenella longirostris) is a small dolphin found in off-shore tropical waters around the world.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Star of India was built in 1863 at Ramsey in the Isle of Man as Euterpe, a full-rigged iron windjammer ship.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
A storm surge, storm flood or storm tide is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, as well as the timing of tides.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
A submarine, undersea, or underwater earthquake is an earthquake that occurs underwater at the bottom of a body of water, especially an ocean.
Sumatra is an Indonesian island in Southeast Asia that is part of the Sunda Islands.
The Sunda Arc is a volcanic arc that produced the islands of Sumatra and Java, the Sunda Strait and the Lesser Sunda Islands.
The Sunda Trench, earlier known as and sometimes still indicated as the Java Trench, is an oceanic trench located in the Indian Ocean near Sumatra, formed where the Australian-Capricorn plates subduct under a part of the Eurasian Plate.
The Sundarbans is a vast forest in the coastal region of the Bay of Bengal and considered one of the natural wonders of the world.
The Sundarbans National Park is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, and a Biosphere Reserve in West Bengal, India.
Swami Vivekananda (12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.
Tajpur is located in Purba Medinipur, in the state of West Bengal, India on the shore of Bay of Bengal (near Digha).
A tarball is a blob of petroleum which has been weathered after floating in the ocean.
Teknaf (টেকনাফ Ṭeknaf) is an Upazila of Cox's Bazar District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thandwe ("Thandway" in Arakanese)(formerly Sandoway) is a town and major seaport in Rakhine State, the westernmost part of Myanmar.
Thoothukudi, also known by its British name Tuticorin, is a port city and a municipal corporation and an industrial city in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Thotlakonda Buddhist Complex is situated on a hill near Bheemunipatnam about from Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.
Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F, OH)2.
Total organic carbon (TOC) is the amount of carbon found in an organic compound and is often used as a non-specific indicator of water quality or cleanliness of pharmaceutical manufacturing equipment.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
Typhoon Gay, also known as the Kavali Cyclone of 1989, was a small but powerful tropical cyclone that caused more than 800 fatalities in and around the Gulf of Thailand in November 1989.
Visakhapatnam (also known as Vizag and Waltair is the largest city and the financial capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district and the Eastern Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Its geographical location is amidst the Eastern Ghats and the coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is the most populous city in the state with a population of 2,035,922 as of 2011, making it the 14th largest city in the country. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in India with a population of 5,340,000. With an output of $43.5 billion, Visakhapatnam is the ninth-largest contributor to India's overall gross domestic product as of 2016. Visakhapatnam's history stretches back to the 6th century BCE, when it was considered a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, and later ruled by the Vengi, the Pallava and Eastern Ganga dynasties. Archaeological records suggest that the present city was built around the 11th and 12th centuries with control over the city fluctuating between the Chola Dynasty and the Gajapati Kingdom, until its conquest by the Vijayanagara Empire in the 15th century. Conquered by the Mughals in the 16th century, European powers eventually set up trading interests in the city, and by the end of the 18th century it had come under French rule. Control passed to the British in 1804 and it remained under British colonial rule until India's independence in 1947. The city is home to the oldest shipyard and the only natural harbour on the east coast of India. Visakhapatnam Port is the fifth-busiest cargo port in India, and the city is home to the headquarters of the Indian Navy's Eastern Command. Visakhapatnam is a major tourist destination and is particularly known for its beaches. It is referred to by many nicknames such asThe City of Destiny and The Jewel of the East Coast. It has been selected as one of the Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under the Smart Cities Mission. As per the Swachhta Sarvekshan rankings of 2017, it is the third cleanest city in India.
Vivekanandar Illam (விவேகானந்தர் இல்லம்) or Vivekananda House (விவேகானந்தர் வீடு), earlier known as Ice House or Castle Kernan at Chennai, India is an important place for the Ramakrishna Movement in South India.
A volcanic arc is a chain of volcanoes formed above a subducting plate, positioned in an arc shape as seen from above.
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The wrasses are a family, Labridae, of marine fish, many of which are brightly colored.
Yangon (ရန်ကုန်မြို့, MLCTS rankun mrui,; formerly known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.
The yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is a species of tuna found in pelagic waters of tropical and subtropical oceans worldwide.
The Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 (October 29 – November 1, 1876) was one of the deadliest cyclones in history.
The 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) and India's West Bengal on November 12, 1970.
The 1977 Andhra Pradesh cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that hit Andhra Pradesh in November 1977, killing at least 14,204 people.
The 1991 Bangladesh cyclone (IMD designation: BOB 01, JTWC designation: 02B) was among the deadliest tropical cyclones on record.
The 1999 Odisha cyclone (IMD designation BOB 03, JTWC designation 05B) was the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and among the most destructive in the region.
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December with the epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia.