113 relations: Aftenposten, Alfredfjellet, Alistair MacLean, Antarcticfjellet, Arctic char, Arctic convoys of World War II, Arctic fox, Atlantic Ocean, Barents Sea, Barnacle goose, Battle of the Barents Sea, Bear Island (novel), Bearded seal, Bellona Foundation, Bird migration, BirdLife International, Bjørnøen, Black guillemot, Black-legged kittiwake, Call sign, Cartography, Celsius, Charles Sutherland Elton, Cochlearia, Cold War, Common murre, Continental shelf, Convoy PQ 17, Drift ice, Edgeøya, Fahrenheit, Fast ice, Food chain, Food web, Genetics, German Empire, Glacier, Glaucous gull, Governor of Svalbard, Greenland Sea, Hambergfjellet, High frequency, Hydrographic survey, Important Bird Area, Ingøy, Jacob van Heemskerk, Kings Bay (company), Kriegsmarine, Little auk, Long-tailed duck, ..., Mammal, Midnight sun, Ministry of Justice and Public Security, Miseryfjellet, Moss, Muscovy Company, Natural gas field, Nature reserve, Nautical mile, No. 330 Squadron RNoAF, North Atlantic Current, North Cape (Norway), Northern fulmar, Norway, Norwegian Coast Guard, Norwegian Mapping and Cadastre Authority, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Norwegian Polar Institute, Norwegian Sea, Nuclear submarine, Ny-Ålesund, Ornithology, Pink-footed goose, Pinniped, Polar bear, Polar climate, Polar night, Polychlorinated biphenyl, Purple sandpiper, Ramsar Convention, Red phalarope, Ringed seal, Rock ptarmigan, Russian Empire, Sailor, Snøhvit, Snow bunting, Soviet submarine K-278 Komsomolets, Soviet Union, Spitsbergen, Stack (geology), Steven Bennet, Surfing, Surveying, Svalbard, Svalbard Treaty, Svalbardposten, Terra nullius, Theodor Lerner, Thick-billed murre, Triangle, Trygve Lie, University of Nebraska Omaha, Very high frequency, Viking Age, Walrus, Waterfall, Weather station, Whaling, White Sea, Willem Barentsz, World War II, 1941. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
Aftenposten (Norwegian for "The Evening Post") is Norway's largest printed newspaper by circulation.
Alfredfjellet is a mountain at the island of Bjørnøya of the Svalbard archipelago, Norway.
Alistair Stuart MacLean (Alasdair MacGill-Eain; 21 April 1922 – 2 February 1987) was a Scottish novelist who wrote popular thrillers and adventure stories.
Antarcticfjellet is a mountain range at the island of Bjørnøya of the Svalbard archipelago, Norway.
Arctic char or Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) is a cold-water fish in the family Salmonidae, native to alpine lakes and arctic and subarctic coastal waters.
The Arctic convoys of World War II were oceangoing convoys which sailed from the United Kingdom, Iceland, and North America to northern ports in the Soviet Union – primarily Arkhangelsk (Archangel) and Murmansk in Russia.
The Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), also known as the white fox, polar fox, or snow fox, is a small fox native to the Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and common throughout the Arctic tundra biome.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
The Barents Sea (Barentshavet; Баренцево море, Barentsevo More) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located off the northern coasts of Norway and Russia divided between Norwegian and Russian territorial waters.
The barnacle goose (Branta leucopsis) belongs to the genus Branta of black geese, which contains species with largely black plumage, distinguishing them from the grey Anser species.
The Battle of the Barents Sea was a naval engagement on 31 December 1942 between warships of the Nazi German Kriegsmarine and British ships escorting convoy JW 51B to Kola Inlet in the USSR.
Bear Island is a thriller novel by Scottish author Alistair MacLean.
The bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), also called the square flipper seal, is a medium-sized pinniped that is found in and near to the Arctic Ocean.
The Bellona Foundation is an international environmental NGO based in Oslo, Norway.
Bird migration is the regular seasonal movement, often north and south along a flyway, between breeding and wintering grounds.
BirdLife International (formerly the International Council for Bird Preservation) is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
Bjørnøen AS is a Norwegian government enterprise that owns all land and some heritage buildings on the uninhabited overseas territory of Bjørnøya.
The black guillemot or tystie (Cepphus grylle) is a medium-sized alcid.
The black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla) is a seabird species in the gull family Laridae.
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign (also known as a call name or call letters—and historically as a call signal—or abbreviated as a call) is a unique designation for a transmitter station.
Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
Charles Sutherland Elton (29 March 1900 – 1 May 1991) was an English zoologist and animal ecologist.
Scurvy-grass (Cochlearia species; also called spoonwort) is a genus of about 30 species of annual and perennial herbs in the cabbage family Brassicaceae.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The common murre or common guillemot (Uria aalge) is a large auk.
The continental shelf is an underwater landmass which extends from a continent, resulting in an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea.
PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied convoy in the Arctic Ocean during the Second World War.
Drift ice is any sea ice other than fast ice, the latter being attached ("fastened") to the shoreline or other fixed objects (shoals, grounded icebergs, etc.).Leppäranta, M. 2011.
Edgeøya, occasionally anglicised as Edge Island, is a Norwegian island located in southeast of the Svalbard archipelago; with an area of it is the third largest island in this archipelago.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
Fast ice (also called land-fast ice, landfast ice, and shore-fast ice) is sea ice that is "fastened" to the coastline, to the sea floor along shoals or to grounded icebergs.
A food chain is a linear network of links in a food web starting from producer organisms (such as grass or trees which use radiation from the Sun to make their food) and ending at apex predator species (like grizzly bears or killer whales), detritivores (like earthworms or woodlice), or decomposer species (such as fungi or bacteria).
A food web (or food cycle) is a natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
The glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus) is a large gull, the second largest gull in the world which breeds in Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere and winters south to shores of the Holarctic.
The Governor of Svalbard (Sysselmannen på Svalbard) represents the Norwegian government in exercising its sovereignty over the Svalbard archipelago (Spitsbergen).
The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south.
Hambergfjellet is a mountain at the island of Bjørnøya of the Svalbard archipelago, Norway.
High frequency (HF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) between 3 and 30 megahertz (MHz).
Hydrographic survey is the science of measurement and description of features which affect maritime navigation, marine construction, dredging, offshore oil exploration/offshore oil drilling and related activities.
An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.
Ingøy or Inga is a small fishing village on the island of Ingøya in Måsøy Municipality, Finnmark county, Norway.
Jacob van Heemskerk (3 March 1567 – 25 April 1607) was a Dutch explorer and later admiral commanding the Dutch fleet at the Battle of Gibraltar.
Kings Bay AS is a government enterprise owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade and Industry that operates the entire settlement of Ny-Ålesund on Svalbard.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
The little auk or dovekie (Alle alle) is a small auk, the only member of the genus Alle.
The long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis), once known as oldsquaw, is a medium-sized sea duck.
Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.
The midnight sun is a natural phenomenon that occurs in the summer months in places north of the Arctic Circle or south of the Antarctic Circle, when the sun remains visible at the local midnight.
The Royal Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Det kongelige justis- og beredskapsdepartement) is a Norwegian government ministry in charge of justice, police and domestic intelligence.
Miseryfjellet, at, is the tallest peak on Bear Island (Bjørnøya), a Norwegian island in the Barents Sea.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
The Muscovy Company (also called the Russian Company or the Muscovy Trading Company, Московская компания, Moskovskaya kompaniya) was an English trading company chartered in 1555.
Natural gas originates by the same geological thermal cracking process that converts kerogen to petroleum.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
A nautical mile is a unit of measurement defined as exactly.
The North Atlantic Current (NAC), also known as North Atlantic Drift and North Atlantic Sea Movement, is a powerful warm western boundary current that extends the Gulf Stream north-eastward.
North Cape (Nordkapp; Davvenjárga) is a cape on the northern coast of the island of Magerøya in Northern Norway.
The northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis), fulmar, or Arctic fulmar is a highly abundant sea bird found primarily in subarctic regions of the North Atlantic and North Pacific oceans.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The Norwegian Coast Guard (Kystvakten) is a maritime military force which is part of the Royal Norwegian Navy.
The Norwegian Mapping Authority (NMA) (Statens kartverk or Kartverket) is Norway's national mapping agency, dealing with land surveying, geodesy, hydrographic surveying, cadastre and cartography.
The Norwegian Meteorological Institute (Meteorologisk institutt), also known internationally as MET Norway or MET Oslo, is Norway's national meteorological institute.
The Norwegian Polar Institute (in Norwegian: Norsk Polarinstitutt) is Norway's central governmental institution for scientific research, mapping and environmental monitoring in the Arctic and the Antarctic.
The Norwegian Sea (Norskehavet) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean, northwest of Norway.
A nuclear submarine is a submarine powered by a nuclear reactor.
Ny-Ålesund ("New Ålesund") is a research town in Oscar II Land on the island of Spitsbergen in Svalbard, Norway.
Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds.
The pink-footed goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) is a goose which breeds in eastern Greenland, Iceland and Svalbard.
Pinnipeds, commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.
The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a hypercarnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses.
The polar climate regions are characterized by a lack of warm summers.
The polar night occurs in the northernmost and southernmost regions of the Earth when the night lasts for more than 24 hours.
A polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C12H10−xClx.
The purple sandpiper (Calidris maritima) is a small shorebird.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
The red phalarope (called grey phalarope in Europe), Phalaropus fulicarius, is a small wader.
The ringed seal (Pusa hispida or Phoca hispida), also known as the jar seal and as netsik or nattiq by the Inuit, is an earless seal (family: Phocidae) inhabiting the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions.
The rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) is a medium-sized gamebird in the grouse family.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who navigates waterborne vessels or assists as a crewmember in their operation and maintenance.
Snøhvit (Snow White) is the name of a natural gas field in the Norwegian Sea, situated northwest of Hammerfest, Norway.
The snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis) is a passerine bird in the family Calcariidae.
K-278 Komsomolets was the only Project 685 Plavnik (Плавник, meaning "fin", also known by its NATO reporting name of "Mike"-class) nuclear-powered attack submarine of the Soviet Navy.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spitsbergen (formerly known as West Spitsbergen; Norwegian: Vest Spitsbergen or Vestspitsbergen, also sometimes spelled Spitzbergen) is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in northern Norway.
A stack or sea stack is a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast, formed by wave erosion.
Steven (or Stephen) Bennet was an early 17th-century explorer, sealer, and whaler.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional positions of points and the distances and angles between them.
Svalbard (prior to 1925 known by its Dutch name Spitsbergen, still the name of its largest island) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
The Svalbard Treaty (originally the Spitsbergen Treaty) recognises the sovereignty of Norway over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, at the time called Spitsbergen.
Svalbardposten, founded in 1948, is a Norwegian weekly paper and online newspaper.
Terra nullius (plural terrae nullius) is a Latin expression meaning "nobody's land", and is a principle sometimes used in international law to describe territory that may be acquired by a state's occupation of it.
Theodor Lerner (10 April 1866 – 12 May 1931) was a German journalist and polar explorer who conducted several expeditions to Svalbard.
The thick-billed murre or Brünnich's guillemot (Uria lomvia) is a bird in the auk family (Alcidae).
A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.
Trygve Halvdan Lie (16 July 1896 – 30 December 1968) was a Norwegian politician, labour leader, government official and author.
The University of Nebraska Omaha, often referred to as Omaha or UNO, is a public research university located in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.
Very high frequency (VHF) is the ITU designation for the range of radio frequency electromagnetic waves (radio waves) from 30 to 300 megahertz (MHz), with corresponding wavelengths of ten to one meter.
The Viking Age (793–1066 AD) is a period in European history, especially Northern European and Scandinavian history, following the Germanic Iron Age.
The walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large flippered marine mammal with a discontinuous distribution about the North Pole in the Arctic Ocean and subarctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere.
A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.
A weather station is a facility, either on land or sea, with instruments and equipment for measuring atmospheric conditions to provide information for weather forecasts and to study the weather and climate.
Whaling is the hunting of whales for scientific research and their usable products like meat, oil and blubber.
The White Sea (Белое море, Béloye móre; Karelian and Vienanmeri, lit. Dvina Sea; Сэрако ямʼ, Serako yam) is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia.
Willem Barentsz (anglicized as William Barents or Barentz) (c. 1550 – 20 June 1597) was a Dutch navigator, cartographer, and Arctic explorer.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.