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Bell X-1

Index Bell X-1

The Bell X-1 was a rocket engine–powered aircraft, designated originally as the XS-1, and was a joint National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics–U.S. Army Air Forces–U.S. Air Force supersonic research project built by Bell Aircraft. [1]

101 relations: Aerodynamic heating, Air & Space/Smithsonian, Aircraft in fiction, Airplane, Albert Scott Crossfield, Armstrong Flight Research Center, Arthur W. Murray, Aviation Week & Space Technology, Bell Aircraft, Bell X-2, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Boeing B-50 Superfortress, Buffalo, New York, Captain (United States O-3), Chalmers Goodlin, Chuck Yeager, Collier Trophy, Compressibility, Dayton, Ohio, Delta wing, Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket, Douglas X-3 Stiletto, Drop test, Edwards Air Force Base, Ejection seat, Elevator (aeronautics), Experimental aircraft, Flight airspeed record, Florida, Frank H. Winter, Harry S. Truman, I Dream of Jeannie, Inertia coupling, Jack Woolams, Jean "Skip" Ziegler, John B. McKay, John Stack (engineer), Joseph A. Walker, Lawrence Dale Bell, Liquid oxygen, Liquid-propellant rocket, List of experimental aircraft, List of rocket aircraft, List of X-1 flights, List of X-1A flights, List of X-1B flights, List of X-1D flights, List of X-1E flights, List of X-planes, Los Angeles Times, ..., Mach number, Machine gun, McCoy Air Force Base, Milburn G. Apt, Miles Aircraft, Miles M.52, Ministry of Aviation, Modern Marvels, NASA, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, National Aeronautic Association, National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Nitrogen, North American F-100 Super Sabre, North American F-86 Sabre, North American X-15, Oxidizing agent, Palmdale, California, Reaction Motors, Reaction Motors XLR11, Richard P. Hallion, Rocket, Rocket engine, Rocket-powered aircraft, Rogers Dry Lake, SpaceShipOne, Speed of sound, Spirit of St. Louis, Stabilator, Stuart Symington, Supersonic speed, Swept wing, Tailplane, Test pilot, The New York Times, Tricresyl phosphate, Turbojet, Turbopump, United Kingdom, United States, United States Air Force, United States Army Air Forces, United States Secretary of the Air Force, Variable-incidence wing, Washington, D.C., White House, Wing root, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, XS-1 (spacecraft), .50 BMG. Expand index (51 more) »

Aerodynamic heating

Aerodynamic heating is the heating of a solid body produced by its high-speed passage through air (or by the passage of air past a test object in a wind tunnel), whereby its kinetic energy is converted to heat by skin friction on the surface of the object at a rate that depends on the viscosity and speed of the air.

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Air & Space/Smithsonian

Air & Space/Smithsonian magazine is a bimonthly magazine put out by the National Air and Space Museum.

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Aircraft in fiction

Aircraft in fiction covers the various real-world aircraft that have made significant appearances in fiction over the decades, including in books, films, toys, TV programs, video games, and other media.

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An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.

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Albert Scott Crossfield

Albert Scott Crossfield (October 2, 1921 – April 19, 2006) was an American naval officer and test pilot.

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Armstrong Flight Research Center

The NASA, Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) is an aeronautical research center operated by NASA.

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Arthur W. Murray

Arthur Warren "Kit" Murray (December 26, 1918 – July 25, 2011) was a United States test pilot.

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Aviation Week & Space Technology

Aviation Week & Space Technology, often abbreviated Aviation Week or AW&ST, is the flagship magazine of the Aviation Week Network.

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Bell Aircraft

The Bell Aircraft Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer of the United States, a builder of several types of fighter aircraft for World War II but most famous for the Bell X-1, the first supersonic aircraft, and for the development and production of many important civilian and military helicopters.

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Bell X-2

The Bell X-2 (nicknamed "Starbuster") was an X-plane research aircraft built to investigate flight characteristics in the Mach 2–3 range.

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Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.

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Boeing B-50 Superfortress

The Boeing B-50 Superfortress is an American strategic bomber.

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Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.

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Captain (United States O-3)

In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.

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Chalmers Goodlin

Chalmers Hubert Goodlin (January 2, 1923 – October 20, 2005) was the second test pilot of the Bell X-1 supersonic rocket plane, and the first to operate the craft in powered flight (the others having been glide tests).

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Chuck Yeager

Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (born, 1923) is a former United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot.

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Collier Trophy

The Collier Trophy is an annual aviation award administered by the U.S. National Aeronautic Association (NAA), presented to those who have made "the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space vehicles, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the preceding year." Robert J. Collier, publisher of Collier's Weekly magazine, was an air sports pioneer and president of the Aero Club of America.

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In thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, compressibility (also known as the coefficient of compressibility or isothermal compressibility) is a measure of the relative volume change of a fluid or solid as a response to a pressure (or mean stress) change.

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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton is the sixth-largest city in the state of Ohio and the county seat of Montgomery County.

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Delta wing

The delta wing is a wing shaped in the form of a triangle.

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Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket

The Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (or D-558-II) was a rocket and jet-powered supersonic research aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the United States Navy.

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Douglas X-3 Stiletto

The Douglas X-3 Stiletto was a 1950s United States experimental jet aircraft with a slender fuselage and a long tapered nose, manufactured by the Douglas Aircraft Company.

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Drop test

A drop test is a method of testing the in-flight characteristics of prototype or experimental aircraft and spacecraft by raising the test vehicle to a specific altitude and then releasing it.

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Edwards Air Force Base

Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about northeast of Lancaster and east of Rosamond.

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Ejection seat

In aircraft, an ejection seat or ejector seat is a system designed to rescue the pilot or other crew of an aircraft (usually military) in an emergency.

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Elevator (aeronautics)

Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.

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Experimental aircraft

An experimental aircraft is an aircraft that has not yet been fully proven in flight.

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Flight airspeed record

An air speed record is the highest airspeed attained by an aircraft of a particular class.

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Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.

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Frank H. Winter

Frank H. Winter (born 1942) is an American historian and writer.

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Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

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I Dream of Jeannie

I Dream of Jeannie is an American fantasy sitcom starring Barbara Eden as a 2,000-year-old genie and Larry Hagman as an astronaut who becomes her master, with whom she falls in love and eventually marries.

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Inertia coupling

In aeronautics, inertia coupling is a potentially catastrophic phenomenon of high-speed flight in which the inertia of the heavier fuselage overpowers the aerodynamic stabilizing forces of the wing and empennage.

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Jack Woolams

Jack Valentine Woolams (1917–1946) - born on Valentine's Day, attended the University of Chicago for two years before joining the United States Army Air Corps.

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Jean "Skip" Ziegler

Jean "Skip" Ziegler was a United States test pilot.

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John B. McKay

John Barron McKay (December 8, 1922 – April 27, 1975) was an American naval officer and aviator in World War II, test pilot, and one of the first pilots assigned to the X-15 flight research program at NASA's Flight Research Center, Edwards Air Force Base, California.

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John Stack (engineer)

John Stack (1906–1972) was an aerospace engineer.

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Joseph A. Walker

Joseph Albert "Joe" Walker (February 20, 1921 – June 8, 1966) flew the world's first two spaceplane flights in 1963, thereby becoming the United States' seventh man in space.

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Lawrence Dale Bell

Lawrence Dale "Larry" Bell (April 5, 1894 – October 20, 1956) was an American industrialist and founder of Bell Aircraft Corporation.

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Liquid oxygen

Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.

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Liquid-propellant rocket

A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.

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List of experimental aircraft

This is a list of experimental aircraft, or aircraft used or built to conduct experiments involving aerodynamics, structural materials, propulsion systems, configuration and equipment.

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List of rocket aircraft

This is a list of Rocket-powered aircraft.

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List of X-1 flights

The Bell X-1 was the first manned airplane to exceed the speed of sound in level flight and was the first of the X-planes.

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List of X-1A flights

No description.

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List of X-1B flights

No description.

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List of X-1D flights

No description.

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List of X-1E flights

This is a list of flights made in the Bell X-1 airplane.

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List of X-planes

The X-planes are a series of experimental United States aircraft and rockets, used to test and evaluate new technologies and aerodynamic concepts.

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Los Angeles Times

The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.

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Mach number

In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.

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Machine gun

A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.

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McCoy Air Force Base

McCoy AFB (1940–1947, 1951–1975) is a former U.S. Air Force installation located 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Orlando, Florida.

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Milburn G. Apt

Milburn G. "Mel" Apt (April 9, 1924 – September 27, 1956) was a US test pilot, and the first man to attain speeds faster than Mach 3.

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Miles Aircraft

Miles was the name used to market the aircraft of British engineer Frederick George Miles, who, with his wife Blossom and his brother George Herbert Miles, designed numerous light civil and military aircraft and a range of curious prototypes.

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Miles M.52

The Miles M.52 was a turbojet-powered supersonic research aircraft project designed in the United Kingdom in the mid-1940s.

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Ministry of Aviation

The Ministry of Aviation was a department of the United Kingdom government established in 1959.

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Modern Marvels

Modern Marvels is an American worldwide television series on the History Channel.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was a U.S. federal agency founded on March 3, 1915, to undertake, promote, and institutionalize aeronautical research.

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National Aeronautic Association

The National Aeronautic Association of the United States (NAA) is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization and a founding member of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI).

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National Air and Space Museum

The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the NASM, is a museum in Washington, D.C..

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National Museum of the United States Air Force

The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.

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Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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North American F-100 Super Sabre

The North American F-100 Super Sabre is an American supersonic jet fighter aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1954 to 1971 and with the Air National Guard (ANG) until 1979.

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North American F-86 Sabre

The North American F-86 Sabre, sometimes called the Sabrejet, is a transonic jet fighter aircraft.

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North American X-15

The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft.

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Oxidizing agent

In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.

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Palmdale, California

Palmdale is a city in the center of northern Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California.

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Reaction Motors

Reaction Motors, Inc. (RMI) was an early American maker of liquid-fueled rocket engines, located in New Jersey.

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Reaction Motors XLR11

The XLR11, company designation RMI 6000C4, was the first liquid-propellant rocket engine developed in the United States for use in aircraft.

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Richard P. Hallion


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A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.

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Rocket engine

A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.

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Rocket-powered aircraft

A rocket-powered aircraft or rocket plane is an aircraft that uses a rocket engine for propulsion, sometimes in addition to airbreathing jet engines.

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Rogers Dry Lake

Rogers Dry Lake is an endorheic desert salt pan in the Mojave Desert of Kern County, California.

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SpaceShipOne is an experimental air-launched rocket-powered aircraft with sub-orbital spaceflight capability at speeds of up to 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s), using a hybrid rocket motor.

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Speed of sound

The speed of sound is the distance travelled per unit time by a sound wave as it propagates through an elastic medium.

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Spirit of St. Louis

The Spirit of St.

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A stabilator, more frequently all-moving tail or all-flying tail, is a fully movable aircraft stabilizer.

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Stuart Symington

William Stuart Symington, Jr. (June 26, 1901 – December 14, 1988) was an American businessman and politician from Missouri.

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Supersonic speed

Supersonic travel is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound (Mach 1).

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Swept wing

A swept wing is a wing that angles either backward or occasionally forward from its root rather than in a straight sideways direction.

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A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.

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Test pilot

A test pilot is an aviator who flies new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, known as flight test techniques or FTTs, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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Tricresyl phosphate

Tricresyl phosphate, abbreviated TCP, is an organophosphate compound that is used as a plasticizer and diverse other applications.

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The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.

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A turbopump is a propellant pump with two main components: a rotodynamic pump and a driving gas turbine, usually both mounted on the same shaft, or sometimes geared together.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Army Air Forces

The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.

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United States Secretary of the Air Force

The Secretary of the Air Force (SecAF, or SAF/OS) is the head of the Department of the Air Force, a component organization within the Department of Defense of the United States.

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Variable-incidence wing

A variable-incidence wing has an adjustable angle of incidence relative to its fuselage.

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Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.

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White House

The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.

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Wing root

The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft that is closest to the fuselage.

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Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (WPAFB) is a United States Air Force base and census-designated place just east of Dayton, Ohio, in Greene and Montgomery counties.

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XS-1 (spacecraft)

The DARPA XS-1 is a planned experimental spaceplane/booster designed to deliver small satellites into orbit for the U.S. Military.

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.50 BMG

The.50 Browning Machine Gun (.50 BMG, 12.7×99mm NATO and designated as the 50 Browning by the C.I.P.) is a cartridge developed for the Browning.50 caliber machine gun in the late 1910s.

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Redirects here:

Bell 44, Bell 58, Bell X-1A, Bell X-1D, Bell X1, Bell XS-1, Glamorous Glennis, X-1A, X-1B, X-1C, X-1D, X-1E, Xs1.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_X-1

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