163 relations: Acre, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Adelbert Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow, Ancaster stone, André Le Nôtre, Anthony Salvin, Aristocracy, Ashlar, Ashridge, Attic, Aubusson, Creuse, Baluster, Baron, Baron Brownlow, Baron Sherard, Baronet, Baroque, Basement, BBC, Belton, Lincolnshire, Belvedere (structure), Berkshire, Bloomsbury, Bloomsbury Square, Boathouse at Belton House, Brownlow Cust, 1st Baron Brownlow, Brympton d'Evercy, Buckinghamshire, Cavalier, Charles II of England, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chatsworth House, Checkerboard, Christopher Wren, Clarendon House, Coleshill, Oxfordshire, Commonwealth of England, Conversation piece, Coombe Abbey, Cupola, Denham, Buckinghamshire, Derbyshire, Drawing room, Dry rot, Duke of Windsor, Earl, Earl of Bridgewater, Earl of Guilford, East Coast Main Line, Edward VIII, ..., Edward VIII abdication crisis, Elizabethan era, Embroidery, Enfilade (architecture), England, English country house, Folly, Fox hunting, Francis Johnson (architect), Gentry, Gothic architecture, Gothic Revival architecture, Grand Tour, Grantham, Grantham railway station, Great hall, Great North Road (Great Britain), Grinling Gibbons, Hardwick Hall, Henry Williamson, Hertfordshire, Hip, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, Imperial staircase, Income tax, Inheritance tax, Innovation, James Wyatt, Jeffry Wyatville, John Brownlow, 1st Viscount Tyrconnel, John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow, John Summerson, John Vanbrugh, John Webb (architect), Joiner, Ketton, Lawyer, Lias Group, Lincoln, England, Lincolnshire, Lincolnshire limestone, Listed building, Lord-in-Waiting, Machine Gun Corps, Manor house, Marquess of Exeter, Masonry, Melchior d'Hondecoeter, Monogram, Montacute House, Moondial (TV serial), Mortlake Tapestry Works, Mullion, National Heritage Memorial Fund, National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, Nicholas Hawksmoor, Nissen hut, Oak, Overthrow (structure), Palace of Whitehall, Palladian architecture, Parish, Park, Parterre, Pediment, Peer group, Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, Peregrine Cust, 6th Baron Brownlow, Plaster, Plasterer, Pride and Prejudice (1995 TV series), Pub, Queen Anne style architecture, Quoin, RAF Belton Park, RAF Cranwell, RAF Folkingham, RAF North Witham, RAF Regiment, Restoration (England), Restoration style, Reversion (law), Richard Westmacott, River Witham, Rococo, Roger North (biographer), Roger Pratt (architect), Rupert Gunnis, Sash window, Sir John Brownlow, 3rd Baronet, Sir John Cust, 3rd Baronet, Sir William Brownlow, 4th Baronet, Smallpox, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), State room, Tilia, Townhouse, Transom (architectural), Tudor period, Vernacular architecture, Victorian era, Viscount Tyrconnel, Wallis Simpson, William III of England, William IV of the United Kingdom, William Stanton (mason), William Talman (architect), William the Conqueror, William Winde, World War I, World War II, Wrought iron, 11th (Northern) Division. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
The acre is a unit of land area used in the imperial and US customary systems.
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia;; 13 August 1792 – 2 December 1849) was the queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover as spouse of William IV of the United Kingdom.
Adelbert Wellington Brownlow-Cust, 3rd Earl Brownlow (19 August 1844 – 17 March 1921), was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.
Ancaster stone is Middle Jurassic oolitic limestone, quarried around Ancaster, Lincolnshire, England.
André Le Nôtre (12 March 1613 – 15 September 1700), originally rendered as André Le Nostre, was a French landscape architect and the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France.
Anthony Salvin (17 October 1799 – 17 December 1881) was an English architect.
Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.
Ashlar is finely dressed (cut, worked) stone, either an individual stone that has been worked until squared or the structure built of it.
Ashridge is a country estate and stately home in Hertfordshire, England in the United Kingdom; part of the land stretches into Buckinghamshire and it is close to the Bedfordshire border.
An attic (sometimes referred to as a loft) is a space found directly below the pitched roof of a house or other building; an attic may also be called a sky parlor or a garret.
Aubusson (Occitan auvergnat: Le Buçon, formerly Aubuçon) is a commune in the Creuse department region in central France.
A baluster—also called spindle or stair stick—is a moulded shaft, square or of lathe-turned form, cut from a rectangular or square plank, one of various forms of spindle in woodwork, made of stone or wood and sometimes of metal, standing on a unifying footing, and supporting the coping of a parapet or the handrail of a staircase.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
Baron Brownlow, of Belton in the County of Lincoln, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.
Lord Sherard, Baron of Leitrim, was a title in the Peerage of Ireland.
A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
A basement or cellar is one or more floors of a building that are either completely or partially below the ground floor.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Belton is a village in the civil parish of Belton and Manthorpe, in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England.
A belvedere or belvidere (from Italian for "fair view") is an architectural structure sited to take advantage of a fine or scenic view.
Berkshire (abbreviated Berks, in the 17th century sometimes spelled Barkeshire as it is pronounced) is a county in south east England, west of London and is one of the home counties.
Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, between Euston Road and Holborn.
Bloomsbury Square is a garden square in Holborn, Camden, London.
The Boathouse on Boathouse Pond, Belton House, Belton, Lincolnshire is a boathouse designed by Anthony Salvin in 1838-9.
Brownlow Cust, 1st Baron Brownlow (3 December 1744 – 25 December 1807), known as Sir Brownlow Cust, 4th Baronet, from 1770 to 1776, was a British Tory Member of Parliament.
Brympton d'Evercy (also known as Brympton House) is a manor house near Yeovil in the county of Somerset, England.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Chatsworth House is a stately home in Derbyshire, England, in the Derbyshire Dales north-east of Bakewell and west of Chesterfield.
A checkerboard (American English) or chequerboard (British English; see spelling differences) is a board of chequered pattern on which English draughts (checkers) is played.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
Clarendon House was a town mansion which stood on Piccadilly in London, England, from the 1660s to the 1680s.
Coleshill is a small village and civil parish in the Vale of White Horse district of Oxfordshire, England (formerly in Berkshire).
The Commonwealth was the period from 1649 to 1660 when England and Wales, later along with Ireland and Scotland, was ruled as a republic following the end of the Second English Civil War and the trial and execution of Charles I. The republic's existence was declared through "An Act declaring England to be a Commonwealth", adopted by the Rump Parliament on 19 May 1649.
A conversation piece is an informal group portrait, especially those painted in Britain in the 18th century, beginning in the 1720s.
Coombe Abbey is a hotel which has been developed from a historic grade I listed building and former country house.
In architecture, a cupola is a relatively small, most often dome-like, tall structure on top of a building.
Denham is a village and civil parish in the South Bucks district of Buckinghamshire, England.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
A drawing room is a room in a house where visitors may be entertained.
Dry rot is wood decay caused by certain species of fungi that digest parts of the wood which give the wood strength and stiffness.
The Duke of Windsor was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
An earl is a member of the nobility.
Earl of Bridgewater is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England, once for the Daubeny family (1538) and once for the Egerton family (1617).
Earl of Guilford is a title that has been created three times in history.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a major railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, York, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle; it is presently electrified along the whole route.
Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor.
In 1936, a constitutional crisis in the British Empire arose when King-Emperor Edward VIII proposed to marry Wallis Simpson, an American socialite who was divorced from her first husband and was pursuing the divorce of her second.
The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the Tudor period of the history of England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603).
Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn.
In architecture, an enfilade is a suite of rooms formally aligned with each other.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
In architecture, a folly is a building constructed primarily for decoration, but suggesting through its appearance some other purpose, or of such extravagant appearance that it transcends the range of garden ornaments usually associated with the class of buildings to which it belongs.
Fox hunting is an activity involving the tracking, chase and, if caught, the killing of a fox, traditionally a red fox, by trained foxhounds or other scent hounds, and a group of unarmed followers led by a "master of foxhounds" ("master of hounds"), who follow the hounds on foot or on horseback.
See Francis Johnston (architect) for Irish architect of similar name. Francis Frederick Johnson CBE, (18 April 1911 – 29 September 1995), was an English architect, born in Bridlington in the East Riding of Yorkshire.
The gentry (genterie; Old French gentil: "high-born") are the "well-born, genteel, and well-bred people" of the social class below the nobility of a society.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
The term "Grand Tour" refers to the 17th- and 18th-century custom of a traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class young European men of sufficient means and rank (typically accompanied by a chaperon, such as a family member) when they had come of age (about 21 years old).
Grantham is a town in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England.
Grantham railway station is on the East Coast Main Line in the United Kingdom, serving the town of Grantham, Lincolnshire.
A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages, and continued to be built in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries, although by then the family used the great chamber for eating and relaxing.
The Great North Road was the main highway between London and Scotland.
Grinling Gibbons (4 April 1648 – 3 August 1721) was a Dutch-British sculptor and wood carver known for his work in England, including Windsor Castle and Hampton Court Palace, St.
Hardwick Hall, in Derbyshire, is an architecturally significant Elizabethan country house in England, a leading example of the Elizabethan prodigy house.
Henry William Williamson (1 December 1895 – 13 August 1977) was an English army officer, naturalist, farmer and ruralist writer known for his natural history and social history novels.
Hertfordshire (often abbreviated Herts) is a county in southern England, bordered by Bedfordshire to the north, Cambridgeshire to the north-east, Essex to the east, Buckinghamshire to the west and Greater London to the south.
In vertebrate anatomy, hip (or "coxa"Latin coxa was used by Celsus in the sense "hip", but by Pliny the Elder in the sense "hip bone" (Diab, p 77) in medical terminology) refers to either an anatomical region or a joint.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
An imperial staircase (sometimes erroneously known as a "double staircase") is the name given to a staircase with divided flights.
An income tax is a tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income).
A tax paid by a person who inherits money or property or a levy on the estate (money and property) of a person who has died.
Innovation can be defined simply as a "new idea, device or method".
James Wyatt (3 August 1746 – 4 September 1813) was an English architect, a rival of Robert Adam in the neoclassical style and neo-Gothic style.
Sir Jeffry Wyatville (3 August 1766 – 18 February 1840) was an English architect and garden designer.
John Brownlow, 1st Viscount Tyrconnel KB (16 November 1690 – 27 February 1754), known as Sir John Brownlow, 5th Baronet, from 1701 to 1718, was a British Member of Parliament.
John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow, GCH (19 August 1779 – 15 September 1853) was a British Peer and Tory politician.
Sir John Newenham Summerson (25 November 1904 – 10 November 1992) was one of the leading British architectural historians of the 20th century.
Sir John Vanbrugh (24 January 1664 (baptised) – 26 March 1726) was an English architect and dramatist, perhaps best known as the designer of Blenheim Palace and Castle Howard.
John Webb (1611 – 24 October 1672) was an English architect and scholar.
A joiner is an artisan who builds things by joining pieces of wood, particularly lighter and more ornamental work than that done by a carpenter, including furniture and the "fittings" of a house, ship, etc.
Ketton is a village and civil parish in Rutland in the East Midlands of England.
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, counsel, counselor, counsellor, counselor at law, or solicitor, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
The Lias Group or Lias is a lithostratigraphic unit (a sequence of rock strata) found in a large area of western Europe, including the British Isles, the North Sea, the Low Countries and the north of Germany.
Lincoln is a cathedral city and the county town of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
The Lincolnshire limestone (now known as the Lincolnshire Limestone Formation) is part of the Inferior Oolite Group of the (Bajocian) Middle Jurassic strata of eastern England.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Lords-in-Waiting (female Baroness-in-Waiting) are peers who hold office in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor.
Marquess of Exeter is a title that has been created twice, once in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Masonry is the building of structures from individual units, which are often laid in and bound together by mortar; the term masonry can also refer to the units themselves.
Melchior d'Hondecoeter (1636 – 3 April 1695), Dutch animalier painter, was born in Utrecht and died in Amsterdam.
A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol.
Montacute House is a late Elizabethan mansion with garden in Montacute, South Somerset.
Moondial is a British television six-part serial made for children by the BBC and transmitted in 1988, with a repeat in 1990.
Mortlake Tapestry Works were established alongside the River Thames at Mortlake, then outside, but near west London in 1619 by Sir Francis Crane.
A mullion is a vertical element that forms a division between units of a window, door, or screen, or is used decoratively.
The National Heritage Memorial Fund (NHMF) was set up in 1980 to save the most outstanding parts of the British national heritage, in memory of those who have given their lives for the UK.
The National Trust, formally the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the largest membership organisation in the United Kingdom.
Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 – 25 March 1736) was an English architect.
A Nissen hut is a prefabricated steel structure for military use, made from a half-cylindrical skin of corrugated steel.
An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus (Latin "oak tree") of the beech family, Fagaceae.
In wrought ironwork, the overthrow, particularly popular in the Baroque era commencing in the 17th century, refers to the crowning section of ornamental wrought ironwork which forms a decorative crest above a wrought-iron gate; the overthrow provides some stabilizing structure tying together supporting piers on either side of the swinging sections.
The Palace of Whitehall (or Palace of White Hall) at Westminster, Middlesex, was the main residence of the English monarchs from 1530 until 1698, when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's Banqueting House of 1622, were destroyed by fire.
Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from and inspired by the designs of the Venetian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580).
A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.
A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats.
A parterre is a formal garden constructed on a level substrate, consisting of plant beds, typically in symmetrical patterns, which are separated and connected by paths.
A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in classical, neoclassical and baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the entablature, typically supported by columns.
In sociology, a peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, background, or social status.
Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven (29 April 16861 January 1742), styled The Honourable Peregrine Bertie between 1686 and 1704, Lord Willoughby de Eresby between 1704 and 1715 and Marquess of Lindsey between 1715 and 1723, was a British nobleman and statesman.
Peregrine Francis Adelbert Cust, 6th Baron Brownlow (27 April 1899 – 28 July 1978), often known as Perry Brownlow, was a British peer and courtier.
Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.
A plasterer is a tradesman who works with plaster, such as forming a layer of plaster on an interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.
Pride and Prejudice is a six-episode 1995 British television drama, adapted by Andrew Davies from Jane Austen's 1813 novel of the same name.
A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.
The Queen Anne style in Britain refers to either the English Baroque architectural style approximately of the reign of Queen Anne (reigned 1702–1714), or a revived form that was popular in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early decades of the 20th century (when it is also known as Queen Anne revival).
Quoins are masonry blocks at the corner of a wall.
RAF Belton Park was established in 1942 as the Royal Air Force Regiment Depot, for training RAF Regiment personnel in airfield defence.
Royal Air Force Cranwell or more simply RAF Cranwell is a Royal Air Force station in Lincolnshire, England, close to the village of Cranwell, near Sleaford.
Royal Air Force Station Folkingham or RAF Folkingham is a former Royal Air Force station located south west of Folkingham, Lincolnshire and about due south of county town Lincoln and north of London, England.
RAF North Witham is a former World War II airfield in Lincolnshire, England.
The Royal Air Force Regiment (RAF Regiment) is part of the Royal Air Force and functions as a specialist corps founded by Royal Warrant in 1942.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period.
Restoration style, also known as Carolean style (from the Latin Carolus (Charles), refers to the decorative arts popular in England from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 to the late 1680s after Charles II (reigned 1660–1685). The return of the king and his court from exile on the Continent led to the replacement of the Puritan severity of the Cromwellian style with a taste for magnificence and opulence and to the introduction of Dutch and French artistic influences. These are evident in furniture in the use of floral marquetry, walnut instead of oak, twisted turned supports and legs, exotic veneers, cane seats and backs on chairs, sumptuous tapestry and velvet upholstery and ornate carved and gilded scrolling bases for cabinets. Restoration silver is characterized by embossed motifs for tulips and naturalistic fruit and leaves. New types of furniture introduced in this period include cabinets on stands, chests of drawers, armchairs and wing chairs and day beds. The growing power of English East India Company resulted in increased imports of exotic commodities from China and Japan, including tea, porcelain and lacquer, and chintzes from India. This led to a craze for chinoiserie, reflected on the development of imitation lacquer (Japanning), blue and white decoration on ceramics, flat-chased scenes of Chinese-style figures and landscapes on silver and new forms of silver as teapots, as well as colourful Indian-style crewelwork bed-hangings and curtains. Other developments in the Restoration period were the emergence of the English glass industry, following the invention of lead glass by George Ravenscroft around 1676, and the manufacture of slipware by Thomas Toft. After the accession of William III and Mary II in 1689, Restoration style was superseded by William and Mary style.
A reversion in property law is a future interest that is retained by the grantor after the conveyance of an estate of a lesser quantum that he has (such as the owner of a fee simple granting a life estate or a leasehold estate).
Sir Richard Westmacott (15 July 1775 – 1 September 1856) was a British sculptor.
The River Witham is a river almost entirely in the county of Lincolnshire in the east of England.
Rococo, less commonly roccoco, or "Late Baroque", was an exuberantly decorative 18th-century European style which was the final expression of the baroque movement.
Roger North, KC (3 September 16531 March 1734) was an English lawyer, biographer, and amateur musician.
Sir Roger Pratt (1620 – 20 February 1684) was an English gentleman-architect of the 17th century.
Rupert Forbes Gunnis (11 March 1899 – 31 July 1965) was an English collector and historian of British sculpture.
A sash window or hung sash window is made of one or more movable panels, or "sashes", that form a frame to hold panes of glass, which are often separated from other panes (or "lights") by glazing bars, also known as muntins in the US (moulded strips of wood).
Sir John Brownlow, 3rd Baronet (26 June 1659 – 16 July 1697) was an English Member of Parliament.
Sir John Cust, 3rd Baronet PC (29 August 1718 – 24 January 1770) was a British politician.
Sir William Brownlow, 4th Baronet (5 November 1665 – 6 March 1701) was an English Member of Parliament.
Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by one of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor.
The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament.
A state room in a large European mansion is usually one of a suite of very grand rooms which were designed to impress.
Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
In architecture, a transom is a transverse horizontal structural beam or bar, or a crosspiece separating a door from a window above it.
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
Vernacular architecture is an architectural style that is designed based on local needs, availability of construction materials and reflecting local traditions.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Viscount Tyrconnel was a title in the Peerage of Ireland.
Wallis Simpson (born Bessie Wallis Warfield; 19 June 1896 – 24 April 1986), later known as the Duchess of Windsor, was an American socialite whose intended marriage to the British king Edward VIII caused a constitutional crisis that led to Edward's abdication.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Stanton (1639–1705) was an English mason and sculptor.
William Talman (1650–1719) was an English architect and landscape designer.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Captain William Winde (c.1645–1722) was an English gentleman architect, whose Royalist military career, resulting in fortifications and topographical surveys but lack of preferment, and his later career, following the Glorious Revolution, as designer or simply "conductor" of the works of country houses, has been epitomised by Howard Colvin, who said that "Winde ranks with Hooke, May, Pratt and Talman as one of the principal English country house architects of the late seventeenth century" (Colvin 1995, p 1066).
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).
The 11th (Northern) Division, was an infantry division of the British Army during World War I, raised from men volunteering for Lord Kitchener's New Armies.