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Aarhus Airport (Aarhus Lufthavn) is a civilian airport located in Tirstrup, Denmark, which is northeast of Aarhus.
Abu Dhabi International Airport (مطار أبو ظبي الدولي) is an international airport in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates.
Adana Airport or Adana Şakirpaşa Airport (Adana Havalimanı) is an international airport located in Adana, Turkey.
İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport is an international airport serving İzmir and most of the surrounding province in Turkey.
Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas), commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain.
Advance Booking Charter flights were first introduced in the early 1970s to meet the largely unsatisfied demand for affordable long-haul flights to popular destinations, especially on both sides of the North Atlantic ocean.
Aegean Airlines S.A. (Αεροπορία Αιγαίου Ανώνυμη Εταιρεία, Aeroporía Aigaíou Anónimi Etairía) is the largest Greek airline by total number of passengers carried, by number of destinations served and by fleet size.
Aer Lingus (an anglicisation of the Irish aerloingeas meaning "air fleet") is the flag carrier airline of Ireland and the second-largest airline in the country.
Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft.
Aero Lloyd Flugreisen GmbH & Co, operating as Aero Lloyd, was a German charter airline based in Oberursel, Germany.
In aviation, an Aeronautical Information Publication (or AIP) is defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization as a publication issued by or with the authority of a state and containing aeronautical information of a lasting character essential to air navigation.
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Aigle Azur, legally Société Aigle Azur Transports Aériens, is a French airline with its head office in Tremblay-en-France near Paris.
Air Berlin PLC & Co.
Air Canada Rouge, is a low-cost airline and subsidiary of Air Canada.
Air charter is the business of renting an entire aircraft (i.e., chartering) as opposed to individual aircraft seats (i.e., purchasing a ticket through a traditional airline).
Air Malta plc is the flag carrier airline of Malta, with its headquarters in Gudja and its hub at Malta International Airport.
The basic principles of air navigation are identical to general navigation, which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another.
Air Serbia (stylized as AirSERBIA; Ер Србија / Er Srbija) is the flag carrier of Serbia.
airBaltic, legally incorporated as AS Air Baltic Corporation, is a state-owned Latvian low-cost carrier and the country's flag carrier, with its head office on the grounds of Riga International Airport in Mārupe municipality near Riga.
The Airbus A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
A conventional fixed-wing aircraft flight control system consists of flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkages, and the necessary operating mechanisms to control an aircraft's direction in flight.
Aircraft hijacking (also air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States and in the US state of Mississippi, and as skyjacking in some nations) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.
Aircraft leases are leases used by airlines and other aircraft operators.
Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations at a given airport.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
The airport apron or apron, also erroneously known as tarmac, is the area of an airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded.
An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.
An airship or dirigible balloon is a type of aerostat or lighter-than-air aircraft that can navigate through the air under its own power.
Alexanderplatz is a large public square and transport hub in the central Mitte district of Berlin, near the Fernsehturm.
Alghero - Riviera del Corallo Airport (Aeroporto di Alghero - Riviera del Corallo; L'Aeroport de l'Alguer-Fertília) is an international airport situated north-northwest of the city of Alghero, in northern Sardinia, Italy.
Alicante–Elche Airport (Aeropuerto de Alicante-Elche,, originally named El Altet, is —as of 2017— the fifth-busiest airport in Spain based on passenger numbers, and the main airport serving the Valencian Community and the Region of Murcia. The airport is located in the municipality of Elche, about east of this city and about southwest of Alicante. Its influence area spans other cities in the Valencia province—the city of Valencia is located about north of the airport—and in the Region of Murcia. The airport is located about north of Murcia. The airport is a base for Air Nostrum, Evelop Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair and Vueling. Passenger traffic has increased significantly in the last decade, beating its own yearly record since 2013 to date; in particular, in 2015, it handled 10,574,484 passengers. Then, in 2016 it set its new record with almost 12,350,000 passengers,; in 2017 it set its new consecutive record at 13.7 million passengers. Altogether it is one of the 50 busiest in Europe. Up to 80% of all passenger flights are international. The largest numbers of passengers arrive from the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Belgium and Sweden. Popular domestic destinations are Madrid, Palma de Mallorca and Barcelona.
Alitalia – Società Aerea Italiana (Alitalia – Italian Air Company), operating as Alitalia, is the flag carrier of Italy.
The Allied Control Council or Allied Control Authority, known in the German language as the Alliierter Kontrollrat and also referred to as the Four Powers (Vier Mächte), was a military occupation governing body of the Allied Occupation Zones in Germany and Austria after the end of World War II in Europe.
Upon the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the victorious Allies asserted their joint authority and sovereignty over 'Germany as a whole', defined as all territories of the former German Reich which lay west of the Oder–Neisse line, having declared the extinction of Nazi Germany at the death of Adolf Hitler (see 1945 Berlin Declaration).
An allotment garden (British English), often called simply an allotment, or a community garden (North America) is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardening or growing food plants.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Alt-Tegel is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, known informally as Schiphol (Luchthaven Schiphol), is the main international airport of the Netherlands.
Antalya Airport is an international airport located northeast of the city center of Antalya, Turkey.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Arcandor AG was a holding company located in Essen, Germany, that oversaw a number of companies operating in the businesses of mail order and internet shopping, department stores and tourism services.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
ASL Airlines Belgium, formerly TNT Airways, is a Belgian cargo airline operating chartered flights mainly to European destinations.
Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams.
Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Αθηνών «Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος», Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos"), commonly initialized as "AIA", began operation on 28 March 2001 and is the primary international airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica.
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and manufactured in France and Italy by ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional), a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The number "42" in its name is derived from the aircraft's standard seating configuration in a passenger-carrying configuration, which typically varies between 40 and 52 passengers.
Austrian Airlines AG, sometimes shortened to Austrian, is the former flag carrier of Austria and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
Azerbaijan Airlines (Azərbaycan Hava Yolları), also known as AZAL, is the flag carrier and largest airline of the country of Azerbaijan.
The British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven, also known as the BAC-111 or BAC 1-11, is a British short-range jet airliner used during the 1960s and 1970s.
Baghdad International Airport, previously Saddam International Airport (مطار بغداد الدولي), is Iraq's largest international airport, located in a suburb about west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate.
Barcelona–El Prat Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as El Prat Airport, is an international airport located southwest.
Bari Karol Wojtyła Airport (Aeroporto di Bari-Karol Wojtyła) is an airport serving the city of Bari in Italy.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
A battalion is a military unit.
Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport serving Beijing.
Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport (Аеродром Никола Тесла Београд / Aerodrom Nikola Tesla Beograd), is an international airport serving Belgrade, Serbia.
Ben Gurion International Airport (נמל התעופה הבינלאומי בן גוריון; مطار بن غوريون الدولي), commonly referred to as Ben Gurion Airport or Natbag (נתב״ג), is the main international airport of Israel and the busiest airport in the country, located to the southeast of Tel Aviv.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
Beusselstraße is a Berlin S-Bahn station in the Moabit district in the Mitte borough of Berlin.
The Berlin Blockade (24 June 1948–12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War.
Berlin Brandenburg Airport (Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg „Willy Brandt") is an international airport under construction near the capital of Germany, Berlin.
Berlin European UK is a defunct regional UK airline based at Tegel Airport in what used to be West Berlin in the days prior to Germany's re-unification.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof (English: Berlin Central Station) is the main railway station in Berlin, Germany.
Berlin Jungfernheide is a railway station located at Charlottenburg-Nord, in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin, served by the S-Bahn lines and, the U-Bahn line and Regional-Express trains of the Deutsche Bahn.
The Berlin S-Bahn is a rapid transit railway system in and around Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
Berlin Schönefeld Airport is the secondary international airport of Berlin, the capital of Germany.
Berlin Tempelhof Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Tempelhof) was one of the airports in Berlin, Germany.
The Berlin U-Bahn (short for Untergrundbahn, "underground railway") is a rapid transit railway in Berlin, the capital city of Germany, and a major part of the city's public transport system.
Berlin Zoologischer Garten Station (Bahnhof Berlin Zoologischer Garten, colloquially Bahnhof Zoo) is a railway station in Berlin, Germany.
Berlin-Charlottenburg is a railway station in the Charlottenburg district of Berlin.
Berlin Tegel is a railway station in Tegel, a locality of the Reinickendorf borough of Berlin.
The Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (German for Berlin Transport Company) is the main public transport company of Berlin, the capital city of Germany.
The Berliner Zeitung (Berlin Newspaper) is a German daily newspaper based in Berlin, Germany.
Bern Airport, formerly Regionalflugplatz Bern-Belp in German, is an airport serving Bern, the capital of Switzerland.
Biarritz Pays Basque Airport, also known as Biarritz Airport or Biarritz-Parme Airport, is an airport serving Biarritz, France.
Bilbao Airport is a public airport located north of Bilbao, in the municipality of Loiu, in Biscay.
Birmingham Airport, formerly Birmingham International Airport and before that, Elmdon Airport, is an international airport located east southeast of Birmingham city centre, slightly north of Bickenhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull, England.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 727 is a midsized, narrow-body three-engined jet aircraft built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the early 1960s to 1984.
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range twinjet narrow-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 747-400 is an American wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
Berlin, the capital of Nazi Germany, was subject to 363 air raids during the Second World War.
Berlin is both a city and one of Germany’s federal states (See: City state).
Boryspil International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Бориспіль") is an international airport in Boryspil, east of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
BRA Braathens Regional Airlines is a Norwegian-owned Swedish virtual airline founded in 2016 and one of the largest domestic airlines in Sweden.
The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, built on the orders of Prussian king Frederick William II after the (temporarily) successful restoration of order during the early Batavian Revolution.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Brindisi Airport (Aeroporto di Brindisi), also known as Brindisi Papola Casale Airport and Salento Airport, is an airport in Brindisi, in southern Italy, located from the city center.
The Bristol Type 175 Britannia was a British medium-to-long-range airliner built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1952 to fly across the British Empire.
Britannia Airways was a charter airline based in the United Kingdom.
The British Aerospace ATP (Advanced Turbo-Prop) is an airliner produced by British Aerospace, introduced in the 1980s as an evolution of the Hawker Siddeley HS 748.
British Airtours (branded as British aırtours) was a British charter airline with flight operations out of London Gatwick and Manchester Airport.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
British Caledonian (BCal) was a private, British independent airline, operating out of Gatwick Airport in south-east England during the 1970s and 1980s.
British European Airways (BEA), formally British European Airways Corporation, was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
British United Airways (BUA) was a private, independentindependent from government-owned corporations British airline formed as a result of the merger of Airwork Services and Hunting-Clan Air Transport in July 1960, making it the largest wholly private airline based in the United Kingdom at the time.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Brussels Airlines (stylized as brussels airlines) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Belgium, based and headquartered at Brussels Airport.
Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport (Budapest Liszt Ferenc Nemzetközi Repülőtér), formerly known as Budapest Ferihegy International Airport and still commonly called just Ferihegy, is the international airport serving the Hungarian capital city of Budapest, and by far the largest of the country's four commercial airports.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Bulgaria Air (България Ер) is the flag carrier airline of Bulgaria, with its headquarters at Sofia Airport in Sofia.
The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (Chеrnomoriе) covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline.
is an autobahn in Germany.
Cagliari Elmas Airport is an international airport located in the territory of Elmas, near Cagliari, on the Italian island of Sardinia.
Caledonian Airways was a wholly private, independentindependent from government-owned corporations Scottish charter airline formed in April 1961.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
Capitol Air was a charter airline in the United States which was operational from 1946 to its bankruptcy filing on November 23, 1984.
Cardiff Airport (Maes Awyr Caerdydd) is the busiest airport in Wales and has been under the ownership of the Welsh Government since March 2013, operating at an arm's length as a commercial business.
Catania–Fontanarossa Airport (aeroporto internazionale Vincenzo Bellini di Catania-Fontanarossa, English: Catania International Airport) also named as Vincenzo Bellini Airport, is an international airport southwest of Catania, the second largest city on the Italian island of Sicily.
Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France and the second largest in Europe.
The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization, institution, or body of persons and it also may identify a principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to an important individual, such as a president or a senior military officer.
Chinggis Khaan International Airport (Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Çingis hán olon ulsîn niseh búdal) is the international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated southwest of the capital.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn „Konrad Adenauer“, also known as Flughafen Köln-Wahn) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, capital of the former West Germany.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Aérospatiale/BAC Concorde is a British-French turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that was operated from 1976 until 2003.
Condor Flugdienst GmbH, branded as Condor, is a German leisure airline based in Frankfurt.
The Convair 990 Coronado is an American narrow-body four-engined jet airliner produced by the Convair division of General Dynamics, a stretched version of their earlier Convair 880 produced in response to a request from American Airlines.
Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania).
Corendon Airlines is a Turkish leisure airline headquartered in Antalya and based at Antalya Airport.
Corfu International Airport, "Ioannis Kapodistrias" (Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Κέρκυρας, "Ιωάννης Καποδίστριας") or Ioannis Kapodistrias (Capodistrias) International Airport is a government-owned airport on the Greek island of Corfu at Kerkyra, serving both scheduled and charter flights from European cities.
Cornwall Airport Newquay is the main commercial airport for Cornwall.
Court Line Aviation was a prominent British holiday charter airline during the early 1970s based at Luton Airport in Bedfordshire.
Croatia Airlines Ltd. is the state-owned flag carrier of Croatia.
Dalaman Airport is an international airport and one of three serving south-west Turkey, the others being Milas-Bodrum Airport and Antalya Airport.
Dallgow-Döberitz is a municipality in the Havelland district, in Brandenburg, Germany.
Düsseldorf (Low Franconian, Ripuarian: Düsseldörp), often Dusseldorf in English sources, is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the seventh most populous city in Germany. Düsseldorf is an international business and financial centre, renowned for its fashion and trade fairs.
Düsseldorf Airport (Flughafen Düsseldorf,; until March 2013 Düsseldorf International Airport) is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state North Rhine-Westphalia.
DBA (DBA Luftfahrtgesellschaft mbH, formerly branded as Deutsche BA) was a low-cost airline headquartered on the grounds of Munich Airport in a building within the municipality of Hallbergmoos, Germany.
The de Havilland DH 106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airliner.
Delta Air Lines, Inc., commonly referred to as Delta, is a major United States airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
A descent during air travel is any portion where an aircraft decreases altitude, and is the opposite of an ascent or climb.
Deutsche Bahn AG (abbreviated as DB, DB AG or DBAG) is a German railway company.
Diversion airports are airports capable of handling a particular ETOPS rated aircraft during an emergency landing and whose flying distance at the point of emergency shall not exceed the ETOPS diversion period for that aircraft.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Dortmund (Düörpm:; Tremonia) is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Douglas C-47 Skytrain or Dakota (RAF designation) is a military transport aircraft developed from the civilian Douglas DC-3 airliner.
The Douglas C-54 Skymaster is a four-engined transport aircraft used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and the Korean War.
The Douglas DC-4 is a four-engine (piston) propeller-driven airliner developed by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
The Douglas DC-8 (also known as the McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is an American four-engine long-range narrow-body jet airliner built from 1958 to 1972 by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Dublin Airport (Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath) is an international airport serving Dublin, the capital city of Ireland.
Dubrovnik Airport, also referred to as Čilipi Airport, is the international airport of Dubrovnik, Croatia.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
EasyJet Airline Company Limited, styled as easyJet, is a British low-cost carrier airline headquartered at London Luton Airport.
Economy class, also called coach class, steerage, standard class or (slang) cattle class, is the lowest travel class of seating in air travel, rail travel, and sometimes ferry or maritime travel.
Edinburgh Airport (Edinburgh Airport, Port-adhair Dhùn Èideann) is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Ellinair is a Greek airline headquartered in Thessaloniki operating scheduled and charter flights.
The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body medium-range twin-engine jet airliners, carrying 66 to 124 passengers commercially, manufactured by Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
Erbil International Airport, is the main airport of the city of Erbil in Iraq.
Erkilet International Airport or Kayseri Erkilet Airport (Kayseri Erkilet Havalimanı) is a military airbase and public airport located north of Kayseri in the Kayseri Province of Turkey.
Ankara Esenboğa Airport (Ankara Esenboğa Havalimanı), is the international airport of Ankara, the capital city of Turkey.
Euroberlin France was a Franco-German joint venture airline founded in 1988.
The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, commonly known as Eurocontrol, is an international organisation working to achieve safe and seamless air traffic management across Europe.
The European Economic Area (EEA) is the area in which the Agreement on the EEA provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the European Single Market, including the freedom to choose residence in any country within this area.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eurowings GmbH is a German low-cost airline headquartered in Düsseldorf and a fully owned subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group.
Faro Airport (Portuguese: Aeroporto Internacional de Faro), also known as Algarve Airport, is located to the westAIP of Faro in Portugal.
Federico García Lorca Granada-Jaén Airport, also known as Granada Airport, is the airport serving the province and city of Granada, in Spain, although it has Jaén in its name.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Finnair (Oyj, Finnair Abp.) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa on the grounds of Helsinki Airport, its hub.
First class is a travel class on some passenger airliners intended to be more luxurious than business class, premium economy, and economy class.
A flag carrier is a transportation company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.
A flight engineer (FE), also sometimes called an air engineer, is the member of an aircraft's flight crew who monitors and operates its complex aircraft systems.
In aviation and aviation meteorology, a flight level (FL) is defined as a vertical altitude at standard pressure, nominally expressed in hundreds of feet.
A flight recorder is an electronic recording device placed in an aircraft for the purpose of facilitating the investigation of aviation accidents and incidents.
Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH, commonly abbreviated FBB, is a German airport operator.
Flughafensee is a lake in Tegel Airport, Berlin, Germany.
Flybe (pronounced) based in Exeter, England, is the largest independent regional airline in Europe.
Frankfurt Airport (Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, also known as Rhein-Main-Flughafen) is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
Friedrichshafen is an industrial city on the northern shoreline of Lake Constance (the Bodensee) in Southern Germany, near the borders of both Switzerland and Austria.
Fuerteventura Airport, also known as El Matorral Airport, is an airport serving the Spanish island of Fuerteventura.
Gatwick Airport (also known as London Gatwick) is a major international airport near Crawley in southeast England, south of Central London.
Göteborg Landvetter Airport is an international airport serving the Gothenburg (Swedish: Göteborg) region in Sweden.
Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport (Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im., formerly Port Lotniczy Gdańsk-Rębiechowo) is an international airport located northwest of Gdańsk, Poland, not far from the city centres of the Tricity metropolitan area: Gdańsk, Sopot and Gdynia.
Genoa Airport (Aeroporto di Genova) also named Cristoforo Colombo Airport, and commonly named Aeroporto di Genova-Sestri Ponente (Genoa-Sestri Ponente Airport, after the city district where it is located) is an international airport built on an artificial peninsula, west of Genoa, Italy.
Gerkan, Marg & Partners (gmp) is an international architectural company based in Hamburg, Germany.
The German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR, colloquially East Germany; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik/DDR) became part of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, colloquially West Germany; German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland/BRD) to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23.
"Germania" was the Roman term for the geographical region in north-central Europe inhabited mainly by Germanic peoples.
Germania Fluggesellschaft mbH, trading as Germania, is a privately owned German airline with its headquarters in Berlin.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Girona–Costa Brava Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Girona-Costa Brava, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gerona-Costa Brava) is an airport located southwest of the city of Girona, next to the small village of Vilobí d'Onyar, in the north-east of Catalonia, Spain.
Glasgow Prestwick Airport (IATA: PIK, ICAO: EGPK) is an international airport serving the west of Scotland, situated northeast of the town of Prestwick in South Ayrshire and from the city centre of Glasgow.
Graz Airport, known as Flughafen Graz in German, is a primary international airport serving southern Austria.
Gross-Basenach or Groß-Basenach is the designation for a series of five so-called M-class German military semi-rigid airships constructed by balloonist Nikolaus Basenach and Major Hans Georg Friedrich Groß (1860–1924) of the Royal Prussian Airship Battalion Nr 2Luisenstadt 2008 between 1907 and 1914.
Hainan Airlines Co., Ltd. (HNA) is an airline headquartered in Haikou, Hainan, People's Republic of China.
Hamad International Airport (مطار حمد الدولي) is the international airport of Doha, the capital city of Qatar.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hamburg Airport, known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany.
The Handley Page H.P.67 Hastings was a British troop-carrier and freight transport aircraft designed and built by the Handley Page Aircraft Company for the Royal Air Force.
The Handley Page HP.137 Jetstream is a small twin-turboprop airliner, with a pressurised fuselage.
A hangar is a closed building structure to hold aircraft, or spacecraft.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
The Hawker Siddeley HS 748 is a medium-sized turboprop airliner originally designed by the British firm Avro in the late 1950s as a replacement for the aging DC-3s then in widespread service as feederliners.
Hévíz–Balaton Airport, previously also known as Sármellék International Airport (Sármelléki nemzetközi repülőtér), is an international airport in Hungary located west of Lake Balaton, south-southwest of the village of Sármellék, Zala County and Keszthely.
Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.
Helsinki Airport (Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the city of Helsinki, its surrounding metropolitan area, and the Uusimaa region.
Heraklion International Airport, "Nikos Kazantzakis" is the primary airport on the island of Crete, Greece, and the country’s second busiest airport after Athens International Airport.
Baku Heydar Aliyev International Airport (Heydər Əliyev Beynəlxalq hava limanı) is one of the six international airports serving Azerbaijan.
The history of aviation extends for more than two thousand years, from the earliest forms of aviation such as kites and attempts at tower jumping to supersonic and hypersonic flight by powered, heavier-than-air jets.
Hurghada International Airport is the international airport of Hurghada in Egypt.
Iberia Express is a Spanish low-cost airline owned by Iberia, which operates short- and medium-haul routes from its parent airline's hub at Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport, providing feeder flights onto Iberia's long-haul network.
Ibiza Airport (Catalan: Aeroport d'Eivissa, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Ibiza) is the international airport serving the Balearic Islands of Ibiza and Formentera in Spain located southwest of Ibiza Town.
Icelandair is the flag carrier of Iceland, headquartered at Keflavík International Airport in Iceland.
In a health care facility, such as a hospital, nursing home, or assisted living, an incident report or accident report is a form that is filled out in order to record details of an unusual event that occurs at the facility, such as an injury to a patient.
Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol in western Austria and the fifth-largest city in Austria.
An instrument landing system (ILS) enables pilots to conduct an instrument approach to landing if they are unable to establish visual contact with the runway.
An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
Invicta International Airlines Ltd was a charter airline based at Manston Airport in the United Kingdom.
Iraqi Airways Company, operating as Iraqi Airways (الخطوط الجوية العراقية Al-Khuṭūṭ al-Jawwiyyah al-`Irāqiyyah), is the national carrier of Iraq, headquartered on the grounds of Baghdad International Airport in Baghdad.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Istanbul Atatürk Airport (İstanbul Atatürk Havalimanı) is the main international airport serving Istanbul, and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers, destinations served and aircraft movements.
Jakob-Kaiser-Platz is a metro station on the Berlin U-Bahn line U7, located in the Charlottenburg-Nord district.
International Airport of Jerez-La Parra (Aeropuerto Internacional de Jerez-La Parra), is an airport located northeast of Jerez de la Frontera in Southern Spain, about from Cadiz.
Jersey Airport is an international airport located in the parish of Saint Peter, west northwest of Saint Helier in Jersey, in the Channel Islands.
A jet aircraft (or simply jet) is an aircraft (nearly always a fixed-wing aircraft) propelled by jet engines (jet propulsion).
A jet bridge (also termed jetway, gangway, aerobridge/airbridge, air jetty, portal, skybridge or its official industry name passenger boarding bridge (PBB)) is an enclosed, movable connector which most commonly extends from an airport terminal gate to an airplane, and in some instances from a port to a boat or ship, allowing passengers to board and disembark without going outside or being exposed to the elements.
Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
General John Kenneth Cannon (March 2, 1892 – January 12, 1955) was a World War II Mediterranean combat commander and former chief of United States Air Forces in Europe for whom Cannon Air Force Base, Clovis, New Mexico, is named.
Joon S.A.S., simply known as Joon, is a French airline based at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.
Jungfernheide is a former forest and heathland located in Berlin in the present-day district of Charlottenburg-Nord, a locality of the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.
The Junkers Ju 52/3m (nicknamed Tante Ju ("Aunt Ju") and Iron Annie) is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952.
Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport (German: Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden) is the international airport of Karlsruhe, the second-largest city in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, and also serves the spa town of Baden-Baden.
Kassel (spelled Cassel until 1928) is a city located at the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany.
Katowice International Airport (Międzynarodowy Port Lotniczy Katowice) is an international airport, located in Pyrzowice, north of Katowice, Poland.
Keflavík International Airport (Keflavíkurflugvöllur), also known as Reykjavík–Keflavík Airport, is the largest airport in Iceland and the country's main hub for international transportation.
Kefalonia Airport "Anna Pollatou" is an airport on the island of Kefalonia, in Greece.
Kiel is the capital and most populous city in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein, with a population of 249,023 (2016).
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Kos International Airport, "Hippocrates", or Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Κω, Ιπποκράτης in Greek, is an airport serving the island of Kos, Greece.
The Kurfürstendamm (colloquially Ku'damm) is one of the most famous avenues in Berlin.
Kurt-Schumacher-Platz is a station on the line of the Berlin U-Bahn.
La Palma Airport is an airport located in Breña Baja and Villa de Mazo, south of the city of Santa Cruz de La Palma on La Palma in the Canary Islands.
Laker Airways was a wholly private, British independentindependent from government-owned corporations airline founded by Sir Freddie Laker in 1966.
Lamezia Terme International Airport (Aeroporto Internazionale di Lamezia Terme "Sant'Eufemia") is an airport in the Sant'Eufemia district of Lamezia Terme, Calabria, Italy.
A landing slot, takeoff slot, or airport slot is a right granted by an airport owner which allows the slot holder to schedule a landing or departure during a specific time period.
Lanzarote Airport (Aeropuerto de Lanzarote), also known as Arrecife Airport, is the airport serving the island of Lanzarote in the Canary Islands.
Lauda Motion GmbH, operating as Laudamotion and formerly named Amira Air, is an Austrian airline based in the Concorde Business Park in Schwechat, Austria, near Vienna.
A legal person (in legal contexts often simply person, less ambiguously legal entity) is any human or non-human entity, in other words, any human being, firm, or government agency that is recognized as having privileges and obligations, such as having the ability to enter into contracts, to sue, and to be sued.
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Fiumicino – Aeroporto Internazionale Leonardo da Vinci) or simply Rome Fiumicino Airport, also known as just Fiumicino Airport, is an international airport in Rome and the major airport in Italy.
Liège Airport, previously called Liege-Bierset, is an international airport located west of Liège in Wallonia (southern Belgium), mainly focusing on air freight.
Humberto Delgado Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport and Portela Airport, is an international airport located 7 km from the city centre of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.
This is a list of airports in Germany, sorted by location.
The Parsevals were 22 airships built between 1909 and 1919 by the Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (LFG) following the design of August von Parseval.
This is a list of the busiest airports in Germany.
Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport (Letališče Jožeta Pučnika Ljubljana), also known by its previous name Brnik Airport, is the international airport of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia.
Lloyd International Airways Ltd was a private, British independentindependent from government-owned corporations airline formed in 1961 to operate worldwide charter flights.
The Lockheed Constellation ("Connie") is a propeller-driven, four-engined airliner built by Lockheed Corporation between 1943 and 1958 at Burbank, California.
The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as the L-1011 (pronounced "L-ten-eleven") or TriStar, is a medium-to-long-range, wide-body trijet airliner by Lockheed Corporation.
The Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation is an American aircraft, a member of the Lockheed Constellation aircraft line.
London City Airport is an international airport in London, United Kingdom.
London Stansted Airport is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, northeast of Central London and from the Hertfordshire border.
Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT S.A. (flight), doing business as LOT Polish Airlines, is the flag carrier of Poland.
LTU, legally incorporated as LTU Lufttransport-Unternehmen GmbH, was a German leisure airline headquartered in Düsseldorf.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
London Luton Airport, previously called Luton International Airport, is an international airport located east of the town centre in the Borough of Luton in Bedfordshire, England, and is north of Central London.
Luxair, legally Luxair S.A., Société Luxembourgeoise de Navigation Aérienne, is the flag carrier airline of Luxembourg with its headquarters and homebase at Luxembourg Airport in Sandweiler.
Luxembourg Airport is the main airport in Luxembourg.
Madeira International Airport Cristiano Ronaldo, commonly known as Madeira Airport (Aeroporto da Madeira), or Funchal Airport (Aeroporto do Funchal), is an international airport in the civil parish of Santa Cruz in the Portuguese archipelago and autonomous region of Madeira.
Malta International Airport (Ajruport Internazzjonali ta' Malta) is the only airport in Malta and it serves the whole of the Maltese Islands.
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 530,300.
Mannheim City Airport (City-Airport Mannheim in German, formerly Mannheim-Neuostheim/Neuhermsheim) is a minor regional airport serving the German city of Mannheim.
Marche Airport (Aeroporto delle Marche), formerly Ancona Falconara Airport (Aeroporto di Ancona-Falconara), is an airport serving Ancona, and the Marche region of central Italy.
Marsa Alam International Airport is an international airport located 60 km north of Marsa Alam in Egypt and an important destination for leisure flights from Europe.
Málaga Airport, officially Málaga–Costa del Sol Airport (Aeropuerto de Málaga-Costa del Sol) since June 2011, is the fourth busiest airport in Spain after Madrid–Barajas, Barcelona and Palma de Mallorca.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Menorca Airport (Aeroport de Menorca, Aeropuerto de Menorca) is the airport serving the Balearic island of Menorca in the Mediterranean Sea, near the coast of Spain.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines (pronounced me-at, Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.
A "migrant worker" is a person who either migrates within their home country or outside it to pursue work such as seasonal work.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Milan–Malpensa Airport, formerly City of Busto Arsizio Airport, is the largest international airport in the Milan metropolitan area in northern Italy.
Mohammed V International Airport (Aéroport international Mohammed V; مطار محمد الخامس الدولي) is an international airport serving Casablanca, Morocco.
Montpellier–Méditerranée Airport or Aéroport de Montpellier–Méditerranée, also known as Fréjorgues Airport, is an airport in southern France.
Moscow Domodedovo Airport (p) is an international airport located on the territory of Domodedovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia, south-southeast from the centre of Moscow.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Munich Airport, Flughafen München, is a major international airport near Munich, the capital of Bavaria.
Mykonos Airport is an airport in Mykonos, Greece, located 4 kilometers from the town of Mykonos.
Naples International Airport (Aeroporto Internazionale di Napoli) is the international airport serving Naples, Italy.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation.
A navigator is the person on board a ship or aircraft responsible for its navigation.
Newark Liberty International Airport, originally Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is the primary airport serving the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Nice Côte d'Azur Airport (Aéroport Nice Côte d'Azur) is an international airport located southwest of Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes départment of France.
NLM CityHopper full name Nederlandse Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Dutch Aviation Company), was a Dutch commuter airline, founded in 1966.
Nordica is the state-owned Estonian flag carrier headquartered in Tallinn and based at Tallinn Airport.
Nuremberg (Nürnberg) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia, about north of Munich.
Nuremberg Airport, Albrecht Dürer Flughafen Nürnberg., is the international airport of the Franconian metropolitan area of Nuremberg and the second-busiest airport in Bavaria after Munich Airport.
Gaziantep Oğuzeli International Airport (Gaziantep Oğuzeli Uluslararası Havalimanı) is a public airport in Gaziantep, Turkey.
Olbia Costa Smeralda Airport (Aeroporto di Olbia-Costa Smeralda) is an airport in Olbia, Sardinia.
Onur Air (Onur Air Taşımacılık AŞ, often styled OnurAir or Onurair) is a low-cost airline with its headquarters in the Technical Hangar B at Istanbul Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy, Istanbul, Turkey.
Paris Orly Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Orly), commonly referred to as Orly, is an international airport located partially in Orly and partially in Villeneuve-le-Roi, south of Paris, France.
Oslo Airport (Oslo Lufthavn) is the main international airport serving Oslo, Norway, the capital and most populous city in the country.
Osloer Straße is a Berlin U-Bahn station in the Gesundbrunnen (former Wedding) district, located on the and.
Otto Lilienthal (23 May 1848 – 10 August 1896) was a German pioneer of aviation who became known as the flying man.
The original Overseas National Airways Inc (ONA) was an American airline, formed in June 1950 as a supplemental air carrier.
Ozark Air Lines operated in the United States from 1950 until 1986 when it was purchased by Trans World Airlines (TWA). A smaller regional airline which used the Ozark name (and whose operating certificate was purchased by Great Plains Airlines) operated in 2000–2001. From 1950 until 1986 Ozark's headquarters was at Lambert–St. Louis International Airport in St. Louis County, Missouri.
A package tour, package vacation, or package holiday comprises transport and accommodation advertised and sold together by a vendor known as a tour operator.
Palma de Mallorca Airport (Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca) is an international airport located east of Palma, Majorca, Spain, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla.
Pan Am Flight 708 (PA 708) was a cargo flight that crashed less than west-southwest of its destination airport, Berlin Tegel in Germany, in the early morning hours of November 15, 1966.
Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991.
Paphos International Airport (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Πάφου; Baf Uluslararası Havaalanı) is a joint civil-military public airport located southeast of the city of Paphos, Cyprus.
Paris–Le Bourget Airport (Aéroport de Paris-Le Bourget) is an airport located within portions of the communes of Le Bourget, Bonneuil-en-France, Dugny and Gonesse, north-northeast (NNE) of Paris, France.
Passenger load factor, or load factor, measures the capacity utilization of public transport services like airlines, passenger railways, and intercity bus services.
Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.
Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Pobeda Airlines LLC (Победа, Budget Carrier, LLC) is a Russian low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of Aeroflot.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Polish People's Republic (Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) covers the history of contemporary Poland between 1952 and 1990 under the Soviet-backed socialist government established after the Red Army's release of its territory from German occupation in World War II.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
A propliner is a large, propeller-driven airliner.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Pula Airport is the international airport serving Pula, Croatia, and is located 6 km from the city center.
Pulkovo Airport (p) is an international airport serving Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Qatar Airways Company Q.C.S.C. (القطرية, Al Qatariyah), operating as Qatar Airways, is the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar.
Queen Alia International Airport (مطار الملكة علياء الدولي; transliterated: Matar Al-Malikah Alia Ad-Dowali) is Jordan's main and largest airport and is located in Zizya south of the capital city, Amman.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
Ransome Airlines was a regional airline from the United States, headquartered at Northeast Philadelphia Airport near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.
Regional airlines are airlines that operate regional aircraft to provide passenger air service to communities without sufficient demand to attract mainline service.
A regional airliner or a feederliner is a small airliner that is designed to fly up to 100 passengers on short-haul flights, usually feeding larger carriers' airline hubs from small markets.
In Germany, Luxembourg and Austria, the Regional-Express (RE, or in Austria: REX) is a type of regional train.
is the twelfth borough of Berlin.
In aviation terminology, a rejected takeoff (RTO) or aborted takeoff is the situation in which it is decided to abort the takeoff of an airplane.
Rhein-Neckar Air GmbH, commonly known as RNA, is a German company that offers regional scheduled flights out of Mannheim City Airport.
Rhodes International Airport, "Diagoras" (Greek: Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Ρόδου, "Διαγόρας") or Diagoras International Airport is located on the West side of the island of Rhodes in Greece.
Riga International Airport (Starptautiskā lidosta "Rīga") is the international airport of Riga, the capital of Latvia, and the largest airport in the Baltic states with direct flights to 100 destinations in 30 countries.
The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the Ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by his own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, such as another country or church official, who in medieval times could offer sanctuary.
Rijeka Airport (Zračna luka Rijeka) is the international airport serving Rijeka, Croatia.
A rocket (from Italian rocchetto "bobbin") is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine.
Royal Air Maroc (الخطوط الملكية المغربية,, literally Royal Moroccan Lines or Royal Moroccan Airlines; ⴰⵎⵓⴷⴷⵓ ⵓⴳⴻⵏⵏⴰ ⴰⴳⴻⵍⴷⴰⵏ ⵓⵎⴻⵔⵔⵓⴾ, Amuddu Ugenna Ageldan Umerruk), more commonly known as RAM, is the Moroccan national carrier, as well as the country largest airline.
Royal Jordanian Airlines (الملكيَّة الأردنيَّة; transliterated: Al-Malakiyyah al-'Urduniyyah) is the flag carrier airline of Jordan with its head office in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents from its main base at Queen Alia International Airport.
Rudolf Nebel (21 March 1894 – 18 September 1978) was a spaceflight advocate active in Germany's amateur rocket group, the Verein für Raumschiffahrt (VfR – "Spaceflight Society") in the 1930s and in rebuilding German rocketry following World War II.
In aviation, run-up, or runup, is the series of last-minute checks performed by pilots on an aircraft prior to take-off.
Ryanair is an Irish low-cost airline founded in 1984, headquartered in Swords, Dublin, Ireland, with its primary operational bases at Dublin and London Stansted airports.
S7 Airlines, legally PJSC Siberia Airlines (ПАО «Авиакомпания "Сибирь"» "PАО Aviakompania Sibir"), is an airline headquartered in Ob, Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, with offices in Moscow.
Saarbrücken (Sarrebruck, Rhine Franconian: Saarbrigge) is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany.
Saarbrücken Airport, or Flughafen Saarbrücken or Ensheim Airport in German, is a minor international airport in Saarbrücken, the capital of the German state of Saarland.
Sabiha Gökçen International Airport is one of the two international airports serving Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, the other being Atatürk Airport.
Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.
Salzburg Airport, branded as Salzburg Airport W. A. Mozart, is the second largest international airport in Austria.
Samos International Airport (also known as Aristarchos) is an airport on Samos Island, Greece.
Samsun Çarşamba Airport (Samsun Çarşamba Havalimanı) is a public airport in Samsun, Turkey.
Saturn Airways (ICAO designator: KS, and Callsign: Saturn) was a US "supplemental carrier", i.e. a charter airline.
Scandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, which together form mainland Scandinavia.
Scoot Tigerair Pte Ltd. (operating as Scoot) is a Singaporean low-cost airline owned by Singapore Airlines through its subsidiary Budget Aviation Holdings.
Sheremetyevo International Airport (p) is an international airport located in Molzhaninovsky District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow, Russia, northwest of central Moscow.
A shooting range or firing range or archery range or pistol range or rifle range or shooting gallery or shooting ground is a specialized facility designed for archery or firearms practice.
Singapore Changi Airport, or simply Changi Airport, is the major civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia.
SkyWork Airlines AG is a Swiss airline, with its head office in Belp near Bern and its base at Bern Airport.
The SNCASE SE.161 Languedoc was a French four-engined airliner produced by SNCASE (Sud-Est).
Sofia (Со́фия, tr.) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria.
Sofia Airport (Летище София, Letishte Sofiya) is the main international airport of Bulgaria located east from the centre of the capital city Sofia.
Split Airport (Zračna luka Split), also known as Resnik Airport (Zračna luka Resnik), is the international airport serving the city of Split, Croatia.
A state-owned enterprise (SOE) is a business enterprise where the state has significant control through full, majority, or significant minority ownership.
Stockholm Arlanda Airport, is an international airport located in the Sigtuna Municipality of Sweden, near the town of Märsta, north of Stockholm and nearly south-east of Uppsala.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state Baden-Württemberg.
A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company"daughter company.
The Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle was a French short/medium-range jet airliner.
Sundair is a German leisure charter airline retrieved 4 February 2018 headquartered in Stralsund and based at Berlin Tegel Airport and Kassel Airport.
Güneş Ekspress Havacılık A.Ş., doing business as SunExpress, is a Turkish airline based in Antalya.
SunExpress Deutschland GmbH is a German leisure airline headquartered in Frankfurt.
A supersonic aircraft is an aircraft able to fly faster than the speed of sound (Mach number 1).
Swiss International Air Lines AG (short Swiss, stylized as SWISS) is the national airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia.
Swissair AG/S.A. (German: Schweizerische Luftverkehr-AG; French: S.A. Suisse pour la Navigation Aérienne) was the national airline of Switzerland between its founding in 1931 and bankruptcy in 2002.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tallinn Airport (Tallinna lennujaam) or Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport (Lennart Meri Tallinna lennujaam) is the largest airport in Estonia and serves as a hub for the national airline Nordica, as well as the secondary hub for AirBaltic and LOT Polish Airlines.
TAP Air Portugal is the flag carrier airline of Portugal, headquartered at Lisbon Airport which also serves as its hub.
Transport Aérien Transrégional was a French regional airline with its head office on the grounds of Tours Val de Loire Airport in Tours.
The Technical University of Berlin (official name Technische Universität Berlin, known as TU Berlin) is a research university located in Berlin, Germany.
is a locality (Ortsteil) in the Berlin borough of Reinickendorf on the shore of Lake Tegel.
Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands.
Tenerife South Airport (Aeropuerto de Tenerife Sur), previously known as Tenerife South–Reina Sofia Airport, is the larger of the two international airports located on the island of Tenerife (the other being Tenerife North Airport) and the second busiest in the Canary Islands (after Gran Canaria Airport).
Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia" (Greek: Κρατικός Αερολιμένας Θεσσαλονίκης "Μακεδονία", Kratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía"), formerly known as Mikra Airport, is located south of the White Tower of Thessaloniki in Greece at Thermi.
Thrust reversal, also called reverse thrust, is the temporary diversion of an aircraft engine's thrust so that it is directed forward, rather than backward.
Toronto Pearson International Airport (often referred to as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport, or simply Pearson) is the primary international airport serving Toronto, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region known as the Golden Horseshoe in the province of Ontario, Canada.
A tour operator typically combines tour and travel components to create a package holiday.
Trabzon Airport is an airport near the city of Trabzon in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey.
The Berlin tramway (Straßenbahn Berlin) is the main tram system in Berlin, Germany.
Trans International Airlines (TIA) was an airline that offered charter service from and within the United States.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.
A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa.
As a densely populated country in a central location in Europe and with a developed economy, Germany has a dense and modern transport infrastructure.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
TUI fly Deutschland, formerly TUIfly, is a German leisure airline owned by the travel and tourism company TUI Group.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turkish Airlines (Turkish: Türk Hava Yolları) is the national flag carrier airline of Turkey.
Ukraine International Airlines PJSC, often shortended to UIA (Авіакомпанія Міжнародні Авіалінії України, Aviakompaniya Mizhnarodni Avialiniyi Ukrayiny), is the flag carrier and the largest airline of Ukraine, with its head office in Kiev with its main hub at Boryspil International Airport outside Kiev.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA) is a United States Air Force major command (MAJCOM) and a component command of both United States European Command (USEUCOM) and United States Africa Command (USAFRICOM). As part of its mission, USAFE-AFAFRICA commands U.S. Air Force units pledged to NATO, maintaining combat-ready wings based from Great Britain to Turkey. USAFE-AFAFRICA plans, conducts, controls, coordinates and supports air and space operations in Europe, parts of Asia and all of Africa with the exception of Egypt to achieve U.S. national and NATO objectives based on taskings by the two combatant commanders. USAFE-AFAFRICA is headquartered at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. It is the oldest continuously active USAF major command, originally activated on 1 February 1942 at Langley Field, Virginia, as the Eighth Air Force of the United States Army Air Forces. Two years later, it was designated as United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) and on 7 August 1945 it was designated as United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE). On 20 April 2012 United States Air Forces in Europe formally became the U.S. Air Forces in Europe – Air Forces Africa when the 17th Air Force inactivated. The command has more than 35,000 active duty personnel, Air Reserve Component personnel, and civilian employees assigned.
Unter den Linden ("under the linden trees") is a boulevard in the central Mitte district of Berlin, the capital of Germany.
Utair (ОАО «Авиакомпания «ЮТэйр») is a Russian airline with its head office at Khanty-Mansiysk Airport while its hubs are at Surgut International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport.
Varna Airport (Bulgarian: Летище Варна, Letishte Varna) is the airport of Varna, the historical maritime capital of Bulgaria.
Václav Havel Airport Prague (Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně),, is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic.
Växjö Småland Airport is an airport in southeastern Sweden, in the south of the province of Småland.
Venice Marco Polo Airport is the international airport of Venice, Italy.
The Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB) is a transport association run by public transport providers in the German states of Berlin and Brandenburg.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Vienna International Airport (Flughafen Wien-Schwechat) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, southeast of central Vienna and 57 km west of Bratislava.
Vilnius Airport (Vilniaus oro uostas) is the international airport of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
Visual flight or "Visual Attitude Flying" is a method of controlling an aircraft where the aircraft attitude is determined by observing outside visual references.
Vnukovo International Airport (p), is a dual-runway international airport located southwest of the centre of Moscow, Russia.
Vueling Airlines, S.A. (styled as Vueling) is a Spanish low-cost airline based at El Prat de Llobregat in Greater Barcelona with hubs in Barcelona–El Prat Airport and Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport in Rome, Italy.
Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport (Lotnisko Chopina w Warszawie), more commonly referred to as Chopin Airport or Warsaw-Chopin Airport, is an international airport located in the Włochy district of Warsaw, Poland.
Wernher Magnus Maximilian Freiherr von Braun (March 23, 1912 – June 16, 1977) was a German (and, later, American) aerospace engineer and space architect.
West Berlin (Berlin (West) or colloquially West-Berlin) was a political enclave which comprised the western part of Berlin during the years of the Cold War.
During the Cold War era (1945–1991), the West Berlin air corridors, also known as the Berlin corridors and control zone, were three regulated airways for civil and military air traffic of the Western Allies between West Berlin and West Germany passing over East Germany's territory.
West Germany is the common English name for the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; Bundesrepublik Deutschland, BRD) in the period between its creation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990.
The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
William Henry Tunner (July 14, 1906 - April 6, 1983) was a general officer in the United States Air Force and its predecessor, the United States Army Air Forces.
The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft that is closest to the fuselage.
World Airways, Inc. was an American airline headquartered in Peachtree City, Georgia in Greater Atlanta.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zadar Airport is the international airport serving Zadar, Croatia.
Franjo Tuđman Airport, also known as Zagreb Airport, is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zurich Airport (Flughafen Zürich), also known as Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines.
Zvartnots International Airport (Զվարթնոց միջազգային օդանավակայան, is located near Zvartnots, west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. It acts as the main international airport of Armenia and is Yerevan's main international transport hub. It is the busiest airport in the country.
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