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Bern or Berne (Bern, Bärn, Berne, Berna, Berna) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city". [1]

245 relations: A1 motorway (Switzerland), Aare, Adolf Wölfli, Aimé Félix Tschiffely, Albert Einstein, Albrecht von Haller, Alemannic German, Algirdas Paleckis, Alps, Alternative Left, Annus Mirabilis papers, Apprenticeship, Archaeology, Atheism, Austria, Bantiger, Baseball, Bärengraben, Bümpliz-Oberbottigen, Bellinzona, Belp, Bern, Bern Airport, Bern Historical Museum, Bern Minster, Bern railway station, Bern S-Bahn, Bern Theatre, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Bern zinc tablet, Bern-Mittelland (administrative district), Bernese Alps, Bernese German, Bernese Highlands, Bernese Jura, Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen, Bremgarten bei Bern, BSC Young Boys, Bubonic plague, Buddhism, Canton of Aargau, Canton of Bern, Canton of Jura, Canton of Solothurn, Canton of Vaud, Capital city, Carnival in Bern, Catholic Church, Celts, Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, ..., Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland, Christoffelturm, Christoph von Graffenried, 1st Baron of Bernberg, Chronos, Church of the Holy Ghost, Bern, Circuit Bremgarten, City-state, Coat of arms of Bern, Commentarii de Bello Gallico, Congress of Vienna, Conservative Democratic Party of Switzerland, Daniel Mojon, De facto, Einsteinhaus, Emil Theodor Kocher, EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg, Evangelical People's Party of Switzerland, Executive (government), Fabian Cancellara, Fachhochschule, FDP.The Liberals, Federal Administrative Court (Switzerland), Federal Assembly (Switzerland), Federal city, Federal Council (Switzerland), Federal Criminal Court of Switzerland, Federal Palace of Switzerland, Federal Patent Court (Switzerland), Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, Ferdinand Hodler, Folk etymology, Frauenkappelen, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Free imperial city, French First Republic, French Revolutionary Wars, Fribourg, Full-time equivalent, Funicular, Gallo-Roman culture, Geneva Airport, Germania Superior, Golden Charter of Bern, Golden Team, Gothic architecture, Gottfried Mind, Grand Prix motor racing, Green Liberal Party of Switzerland, Green Party of Switzerland, Gurten (mountain), Gurtenfestival, Hans Gieng, Hans Urwyler, Helvetii, Hinduism, Holy Roman Emperor, House of Religions, House of Zähringen, Ice age, Immigration, International Socialist Commission, International Workingmen's Association, Ittigen, Jews, Junkerngasse, Käfigturm, Köniz, Köppen climate classification, Kindergarten, Kindlifresserbrunnen, Kirchlindach, Kramgasse, La Tène culture, Lausanne, Léon Savary, Legislature, List of Aare bridges in Bern, List of cities in Switzerland, List of fountains in Bern, List of universities in Switzerland, Louise Elisabeth de Meuron, Lukas Hartmann, Mani Matter, Mark Streit, Marzili Funicular, Mattequartier, Mayor, Mühleberg, MeteoSwiss, Metropolitan area, Michael Kauter, Middle Ages, Middle High German, Mikhail Bakunin, Min Li Marti, Motorways of Switzerland, Municipalities of the canton of Bern, Muri bei Bern, Muslim, Names of European cities in different languages: B, National Council (Switzerland), National League (ice hockey), Natural History Museum of Bern, Neuenegg, New Bern, North Carolina, North Carolina, Nydeggbrücke, Oceanic climate, Ogre, Old City (Bern), Old Swiss Confederacy, Oppidum, Orthodoxy, Ostermundigen, Patent examiner, Paul Emmert, Peninsula, Peter Bieri (author), PostBus Switzerland, PostFinance Arena, Primary sector of the economy, Proportional representation, Queersicht, Regula Rytz, Restoration and Regeneration in Switzerland, Roman Josi, Romansh language, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Salzburg, Sandstone, SC Bern, Schanze, Second International, Secondary sector of the economy, Shnit international shortfilmfestival, Social Democratic Party of Switzerland, Socialism, Softball, St. Gallen, Stade de Suisse, Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe Bern, Street performance, Sven Bärtschi, Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht, Swiss Alps, Swiss coordinate system, Swiss Federal Archives, Swiss federal election, 2015, Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property, Swiss Federal Railways, Swiss franc, Swiss German, Swiss Grand Prix, Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance, Swiss National Library, Swiss Party of Labour, Swiss People's Party, Swiss Plateau, Swiss Reformed Church, Swiss Standard German, Swissmint, Switzerland, Switzerland as a federal state, Tertiary sector of the economy, Theory of relativity, Thirty Years' War, Tierpark Dählhölzli, Timber framing, Trams in Bern, Trolleybuses in Bern, UEFA Euro 2008, UNESCO, Universal Postal Union, University of Bern, Upper Burgundy, Urban area, Ursula Wyss, Vancouver, Verona, Vicus, Vladimir Lenin, Voter turnout, Wohlen bei Bern, World Heritage site, World War I, WOZ Die Wochenzeitung, Zagreb Funicular, Zähringerbrunnen, Zibelemärit, Zollikofen, Zurich Airport, Zytglogge, 1954 FIFA World Cup Final, 2003 European heat wave, 2009 IIHF World Championship. Expand index (195 more) »

A1 motorway (Switzerland)

The A1 is a motorway in Switzerland.

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Aare

The Aare or Aar is a tributary of the High Rhine and the longest river that both rises and ends entirely within Switzerland.

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Adolf Wölfli

Adolf Wölfli (February 29, 1864 – November 6, 1930) (occasionally spelled Adolf Woelfli or Adolf Wolfli) was a Swiss artist who was one of the first artists to be associated with the Art Brut or outsider art label.

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Aimé Félix Tschiffely

Aimé Félix Tschiffely (May 7, 1895 – January 5, 1954) was a Swiss-born, Argentine professor, writer, and adventurer.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).

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Albrecht von Haller

Albrecht von Haller (also known as Albertus de Haller) (16 October 170812 December 1777) was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet.

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Alemannic German

Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.

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Algirdas Paleckis

Algirdas Paleckis is a Lithuanian diplomat, politician and columnist.

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Alps

The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.

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Alternative Left

The Alternative Left (Alternative Linke; La Gauche; La Sinistra), or The Left in translation from French and Italian, is a political party of the left in Switzerland.

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Annus Mirabilis papers

The Annus mirabilis papers (from Latin annus mīrābilis, "extraordinary year") are the papers of Albert Einstein published in the Annalen der Physik scientific journal in 1905.

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Apprenticeship

An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).

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Archaeology

Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

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Atheism

Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.

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Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

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Bantiger

The Bantiger is a mountain north of the Emmental Alps, overlooking the region of Bern.

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Baseball

Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.

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Bärengraben

The Bärengraben, or Bear Pit, is a tourist attraction in the Swiss capital city of Bern.

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Bümpliz-Oberbottigen

Bümpliz-Oberbottigen is a Stadtteil (district) of the city of Bern, Switzerland.

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Bellinzona

Bellinzona (Bellinzone, Bellenz, Blizuna) is the capital of the canton Ticino in Switzerland.

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Belp

Belp is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Bern

Bern or Berne (Bern, Bärn, Berne, Berna, Berna) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city".

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Bern Airport

Bern Airport, formerly Regionalflugplatz Bern-Belp in German, is an airport serving Bern, the capital of Switzerland.

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Bern Historical Museum

The Bern Historical Museum (Bernisches Historisches Museum, Musée d’Histoire de Berne) is the second largest historical museum in Switzerland.

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Bern Minster

The Bern Minster (Berner Münster) is a Swiss Reformed cathedral, (or minster) in the old city of Bern, Switzerland.

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Bern railway station

Bern railway station (Bahnhof Bern) serves the municipality of Bern, the capital city of Switzerland.

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Bern S-Bahn

The Bern S-Bahn (S-Bahn Bern; RER Berne) is an S-Bahn commuter rail network focused on Bern, the capital city of Switzerland.

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Bern Theatre

Bern Theatre, known in the city as Stadttheater Bern, is an opera house and theatre in Bern, Switzerland.

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Bern University of Applied Sciences

The Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH, German: Berner Fachhochschule, French: Haute école spécialisée bernoise) is a public vocational university with a strong national and international profile.

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Bern zinc tablet

The Bern zinc tablet or Gobannus tablet is a metal sheet found in 1984 in Bern, Switzerland.

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Bern-Mittelland (administrative district)

Bern-Mittelland District in the Canton of Bern was created on 1 January 2010.

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Bernese Alps

The Bernese Alps (Berner Alpen, Alpes bernoises, Alpi bernesi) are a mountain range of the Alps, located in western Switzerland.

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Bernese German

Bernese German (Standard German: Berndeutsch, Bärndütsch) is the dialect of High Alemannic German spoken in the Swiss plateau (Mittelland) part of the canton of Bern and in some neighbouring regions.

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Bernese Highlands

The Berner Oberland (German; Highlands, also referred to in the English-speaking tourism sector as the Bernese Oberland), is the higher part of the canton of Bern, Switzerland, in the southern end of the canton, and one of the canton's five administrative regions (in which context it is referred to as Oberland without further specification).

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Bernese Jura

Bernese Jura (Jura bernois) is the name for the French-speaking area of the Swiss canton of Bern, and from 2010 one of ten administrative divisions of the canton.

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Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen

Berthold V (1160 – 18 February 1218 in Freiburg im Breisgau), also known as Bertold V or Berchtold V, was Duke of Zähringen until his death, succeeding his father Berthold IV in 1186.

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Bremgarten bei Bern

Bremgarten bei Bern is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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BSC Young Boys

Young Boys of Bern is a Swiss sports club based in the capital city Bern.

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Bubonic plague

Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Canton of Aargau

The canton of Aargau (German: Kanton; sometimes anglicized Argovia; see also other names) is one of the more northerly cantons of Switzerland.

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Canton of Bern

The canton of Bern (Bern, canton de Berne) is the second largest of the 26 Swiss cantons by both surface area and population.

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Canton of Jura

The Republic and Canton of the Jura (République et canton du Jura), also known as the canton of Jura or canton Jura, is the newest (founded in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland.

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Canton of Solothurn

The canton of Solothurn, also canton of Soleure (German) is a canton of Switzerland.

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Canton of Vaud

The canton of Vaud is the third largest of the Swiss cantons by population and fourth by size.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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Carnival in Bern

The carnival in Bern, Switzerland (Berner Fasnacht) is an annual pre-Lenten festival in the Swabian-Alemannic tradition.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Celts

The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.

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Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland

The Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland is the Swiss member church of the Union of Utrecht of Old Catholic Churches.

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Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland

The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz, CVP; Parti Démocrate-Chrétien, PDC; Partito Popolare Democratico, PPD; Partida cristiandemocratica Svizra, PCD) is a Christian democratic political party in Switzerland.

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Christoffelturm

The Christoffelturm was a tower built between the years 1344 and 1346.

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Christoph von Graffenried, 1st Baron of Bernberg

Christoph von Graffenried, 1st Baron of Bernberg, also known as Christoph de Graffenried, (15 November 1661 – 1743) was a British peer from Switzerland who founded New Bern, Carolina, in 1710.

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Chronos

Chronos (Χρόνος, "time",, also transliterated as Khronos or Latinised as Chronus) is the personification of Time in pre-Socratic philosophy and later literature.

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Church of the Holy Ghost, Bern

The Church of the Holy Ghost (Heiliggeistkirche) is a Swiss Reformed Church in Bern, Switzerland.

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Circuit Bremgarten

The Circuit Bremgarten was a 7.28 km (4.524-mi) motorsport race track in Bern, Switzerland which formerly hosted the Swiss Grand Prix from 1933 to 1954 (Formula One, 1947 to 1954) and the Swiss motorcycle Grand Prix.

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City-state

A city-state is a sovereign state, also described as a type of small independent country, that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories.

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Coat of arms of Bern

The coat of arms of Bern, along with the associated flag and heraldic colours, are used both by the Swiss city of Bern and by the canton of the same name.

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Commentarii de Bello Gallico

Commentāriī dē Bellō Gallicō (italic), also Bellum Gallicum (italic), is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative.

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

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Conservative Democratic Party of Switzerland

The Conservative Democratic Party of Switzerland (Bürgerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz, BDP; Parti bourgeois démocratique suisse, PBD; Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero, PBD; Partida burgais democratica Svizra PBD, PBD; all translations mean literally Citizens' Democratic Party of Switzerland) is a conservative political party in Switzerland.

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Daniel Mojon

Daniel Mojon (born July 29, 1963, in Bern, Switzerland) is a Swiss ophthalmologist and ophthalmic surgeon who is considered to be the inventor of minimally-invasive strabismus surgery (MISS), a method of surgically correcting squinting that uses only very small incisions and is supposed to lead to quicker rehabilitation and wound healing particularly in children who comprise the largest group of patients undergoing eye muscle surgery.

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De facto

In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.

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Einsteinhaus

The Einsteinhaus (Einstein House) is a museum and a former residence.

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Emil Theodor Kocher

Emil Theodor Kocher (25 August 1841 – 27 July 1917) was a Swiss physician and medical researcher who received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid.

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EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg

EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg IATA airport 3-letter codes for the French area, the Swiss area, and the metropolitan area is an international airport northwest of the city of Basel, Switzerland, southeast of Mulhouse in France, and south-southwest of Freiburg im Breisgau in Germany.

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Evangelical People's Party of Switzerland

The Evangelical People's Party of Switzerland (Evangelische Volkspartei der Schweiz, Parti évangelique suisse, Partito Evangelico Svizzero, Partida evangelica da la Svizra) is a Protestant Christian-democratic political party in Switzerland, active mainly in the Cantons of Bern, Basel-Land, Basel-Stadt, Aargau and Zürich.

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Executive (government)

The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.

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Fabian Cancellara

Fabian Cancellara (born 18 March 1981), nicknamed "Spartacus", is a Swiss former professional road bicycle racer who last rode for UCI ProTeam.

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Fachhochschule

A Fachhochschule (plural Fachhochschulen), abbreviated FH, or University of Applied Sciences (UAS) is a German tertiary education institution, specializing in topical areas (e.g. engineering, technology or business).

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FDP.The Liberals

FDP.The Liberals (FDP.Die Liberalen, PLR.Les Libéraux-Radicaux, PLR.I Liberali, PLD.Ils Liberals) is a liberal political party in Switzerland.

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Federal Administrative Court (Switzerland)

The Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland (Bundesverwaltungsgericht, Tribunal administratif fédéral, Tribunale amministrativo federale; Tribunal administrative federal) is a Swiss federal court.

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Federal Assembly (Switzerland)

The Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala) is Switzerland's federal legislature.

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Federal city

The term federal city (Bundesstadt in German) is a title for certain cities in Germany, Switzerland, the Russian Federation, India, and the United States.

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Federal Council (Switzerland)

The Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of the Swiss Confederation and serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Switzerland.

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Federal Criminal Court of Switzerland

The Federal Criminal Court, (Bundesstrafgericht; Tribunal pénal féderal; Tribunale penale federale; Tribunal penal federal) is a Swiss federal court.

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Federal Palace of Switzerland

The Federal Palace (Bundeshaus, Palais fédéral, Palazzo federale, Chasa federala, Curia Confœderationis Helveticæ) refers to the building in Bern housing the Swiss Federal Assembly (legislature) and the Federal Council (executive).

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Federal Patent Court (Switzerland)

The Swiss Federal Patent Court (German: Bundespatentgericht, French: Tribunal fédéral des brevets) is a Swiss federal court competent for particular legal matters, such as patent cases.

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Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland

The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (Bundesgericht, Tribunal fédéral, Tribunale federale, Tribunal federal) is the supreme court of the Swiss Confederation.

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Ferdinand Hodler

Ferdinand Hodler (March 14, 1853 – May 19, 1918) was one of the best-known Swiss painters of the nineteenth century.

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Folk etymology

Folk etymology or reanalysis – sometimes called pseudo-etymology, popular etymology, or analogical reformation – is a change in a word or phrase resulting from the replacement of an unfamiliar form by a more familiar one.

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Frauenkappelen

Frauenkappelen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.

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Free imperial city

In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.

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French First Republic

In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.

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French Revolutionary Wars

The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and resulting from the French Revolution.

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Fribourg

Fribourg (Fribôrg or Friboua) or Freiburg (German, or Freiburg im Üechtland, Swiss German pronunciation:; Friborgo or Friburgo; Friburg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district La Sarine.

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Full-time equivalent

Full-time equivalent (FTE) or whole time equivalent (WTE) is a unit that indicates the workload of an employed person (or student) in a way that makes workloads or class loads comparable across various contexts.

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Funicular

A funicular is one of the modes of transport, along with a cable railway and an inclined elevator, which uses a cable traction for movement on a steep slope.

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Gallo-Roman culture

The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire.

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Geneva Airport

Geneva Airport, formerly and still unofficially known as Cointrin Airport, is the international airport of Geneva, the second most populous city in Switzerland.

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Germania Superior

Germania Superior ("Upper Germania") was an imperial province of the Roman Empire.

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Golden Charter of Bern

The Golden Charter of Bern (also: Golden Bull, in German: Goldene Handfeste or Berner Handfeste) is a medieval charter purporting to have been issued by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.

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Golden Team

The Golden Team (Aranycsapat; also known as the Mighty Magyars, the Marvellous Magyars, the Magnificent Magyars, or the Magical Magyars) refers to the Hungary national football team of the 1950s.

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Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.

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Gottfried Mind

Gottfried Mind (25 September 1768 – 17 November 1814) was a Swiss autistic savant who specialized in drawing.

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Grand Prix motor racing

Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894.

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Green Liberal Party of Switzerland

The Green Liberal Party of Switzerland (Grünliberale Partei der Schweiz, glp; Parti vert'libéral, pvl), abbreviated to glp, is a centrist Green liberal political party in Switzerland.

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Green Party of Switzerland

The Green Party of Switzerland (Grüne Partei der Schweiz; Les vertsParti écologiste suisse; I VerdiPartito ecologista svizzero; La VerdaPartida ecologica svizra; "The GreensSwiss ecological party") is the fifth-largest party in the National Council of Switzerland, and the largest party that is not represented on the Federal Council.

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Gurten (mountain)

The Gurten is a mountain situated just to the south of Bern, the capital city of Switzerland.

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Gurtenfestival

The Gurtenfestival is a music festival in Switzerland.

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Hans Gieng

Hans Gieng (first mentioned 1525 – died 1562) was a Swiss Renaissance sculptor best known for his public fountain figures in the Old Town of Bern as well as Fribourg.

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Hans Urwyler

Hans Urwyler (20 February 1925 - 18 November 1994) was the sixth Chief Apostle (international church president) of the New Apostolic Church.

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Helvetii

The Helvetii (anglicized Helvetians) were a Gallic tribe or tribal confederation occupying most of the Swiss plateau at the time of their contact with the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Holy Roman Emperor

The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).

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House of Religions

The House of Religions (German: Haus der Religionen; French: Maison des religions) is a Swiss inter-religious institution in the city of Bern in Switzerland that houses worship rooms for eight faiths in one single building.

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House of Zähringen

Zähringen is an old German noble family in Swabia, which founded a large number of cities in the area that is today Switzerland and the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

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Ice age

An ice age is a period of long-term reduction in the temperature of Earth's surface and atmosphere, resulting in the presence or expansion of continental and polar ice sheets and alpine glaciers.

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Immigration

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

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International Socialist Commission

The International Socialist Commission, also known as the International Socialist Committee or the Berne International was a coordinating committee of socialists parties that adhered to the idea of the Zimmerwald Conference of 1915.

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International Workingmen's Association

The International Workingmen's Association (IWA, 1864–1876), often called the First International, was an international organization which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle.

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Ittigen

Ittigen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Junkerngasse

The Junkerngasse ("Nobility Lane") is a street in the Old City of Bern, the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland.

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Käfigturm

The Käfigturm is a medieval tower in Bern, Switzerland.

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Köniz

Köniz is a statistical town, however considers itself still as a village, and a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district right on the southern border to Bern in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kindergarten

Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.

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Kindlifresserbrunnen

The Kindlifresserbrunnen (Swiss German for Child Eater Fountain) is a fountain at the Kornhausplatz (Granary Place) in Bern, Switzerland.

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Kirchlindach

Kirchlindach is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Kramgasse

The Kramgasse ("Grocers Alley") is one of the principal streets in the Old City of Bern, the medieval city centre of Bern, Switzerland.

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La Tène culture

The La Tène culture was a European Iron Age culture named after the archaeological site of La Tène on the north side of Lake Neuchâtel in Switzerland, where thousands of objects had been deposited in the lake, as was discovered after the water level dropped in 1857.

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Lausanne

Lausanne (Lausanne Losanna, Losanna) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and the capital and biggest city of the canton of Vaud.

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Léon Savary

Léon Savary (Fleurier, 1895 - Boudry, 1968) was a Swiss French-speaking writer and journalist from Payerne, Vaud.

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Legislature

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.

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List of Aare bridges in Bern

This is a list of the 18 bridges spanning the river Aare on the territory of the city of Bern, Switzerland.

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List of cities in Switzerland

Below is a list of towns and cities in Switzerland.

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List of fountains in Bern

This is a list of fountains in Bern.

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List of universities in Switzerland

This list of universities in Switzerland lists all 12 Swiss universities (10 cantonal universities and 2 federal institutes of technology) and a number of public Swiss Universities of Applied Sciences and other education institutions, as higher education institutions.

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Louise Elisabeth de Meuron

Louise Elisabeth de Meuron, better known as Madame de Meuron (22 August, 1882 – 22 May, 1980), was an aristocrat and well-known eccentric personality in the city of Bern, Switzerland.

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Lukas Hartmann

Lukas Hartmann (29 August 1944 born as Hans-Rudolf Lehmann) is a Swiss novelist and children's writer, who is well known in German-speaking countries.

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Mani Matter

Mani Matter (4 August 1936 – 24 November 1972, officially Hans-Peter Matter) was a popular Swiss singer-songwriter.

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Mark Streit

Mark Thomas Streit (born 11 December 1977) is a former Swiss professional ice hockey defenceman.

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Marzili Funicular

The Marzilibahn, officially the Drahtseilbahn Marzili–Stadt Bern (Funicular Marzili–City of Bern) is a very short funicular in Bern, the capital of Switzerland.

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Mattequartier

The Mattequartier is a historic section in the Old City of Bern in Bern, Switzerland.

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Mayor

In many countries, a mayor (from the Latin maior, meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

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Mühleberg

Mühleberg is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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MeteoSwiss

MeteoSwiss (MeteoSchweiz, MétéoSuisse, MeteoSvizzera), officially the Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, is an office of the federal administration of Switzerland.

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Metropolitan area

A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.

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Michael Kauter

Michael Kauter (born February 18, 1979 in Bern) is a Swiss épée fencer.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Middle High German

Middle High German (abbreviated MHG, Mittelhochdeutsch, abbr. Mhd.) is the term for the form of German spoken in the High Middle Ages.

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Mikhail Bakunin

Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin (– 1 July 1876) was a Russian revolutionary anarchist and founder of collectivist anarchism.

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Min Li Marti

Min Li Marti (born 1 June 1974) is a Swiss sociologist, historian, publisher and politician of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP).

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Motorways of Switzerland

Switzerland has a two-class highway system: motorways with separated roads for oncoming traffic and a standard maximal speed limit of, and expressways often with oncoming traffic and a standard maximal speed limit of.

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Municipalities of the canton of Bern

There are 347 municipalities in the canton of Berne, Switzerland.

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Muri bei Bern

Muri bei Bern is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Names of European cities in different languages: B

No description.

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National Council (Switzerland)

The National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale, Cussegl naziunal) is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, the upper house being the Council of States.

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National League (ice hockey)

The National League (NL) is a professional ice hockey league in Switzerland.

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Natural History Museum of Bern

The Natural History Museum of Bern (Naturhistorisches Museum der Burgergemeinde Bern) is a museum in Bern, Switzerland.

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Neuenegg

Neuenegg is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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New Bern, North Carolina

New Bern is a city in Craven County, North Carolina, United States.

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North Carolina

North Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Nydeggbrücke

The Nydeggbrücke is a bridge in Bern, Switzerland which connects the eastern part of the old city to the new part.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Ogre

An ogre (feminine: "ogress") is a legendary monster usually depicted as a large, hideous, man-like being that eats ordinary human beings, especially infants and children.

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Old City (Bern)

The Old City (Altstadt) is the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland.

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Old Swiss Confederacy

The Old Swiss Confederacy (Modern German: Alte Eidgenossenschaft; historically Eidgenossenschaft, after the Reformation also République des Suisses, Res publica Helvetiorum "Republic of the Swiss") was a loose confederation of independent small states (cantons, German or) within the Holy Roman Empire.

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Oppidum

An oppidum (plural oppida) is a large fortified Iron Age settlement.

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Orthodoxy

Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.

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Ostermundigen

Ostermundigen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Patent examiner

A patent examiner (or, historically, a patent clerk) is an employee, usually a civil servant with a scientific or engineering background, working at a patent office.

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Paul Emmert

Paul Emmert (1826-1867), who is also known as Paul Emert, was an artist born near Berne, Switzerland in 1826.

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Peninsula

A peninsula (paeninsula from paene "almost” and insula "island") is a piece of land surrounded by water on the majority of its border, while being connected to a mainland from which it extends.

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Peter Bieri (author)

Peter Bieri (born 23 June 1944), better known by his pseudonym, Pascal Mercier, is a Swiss writer and philosopher.

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PostBus Switzerland

PostBus Switzerland (known as PostAuto Schweiz in Swiss Standard German, CarPostal Suisse in Swiss French, AutoPostale Svizzera in Swiss Italian and Auto da Posta Svizra in Romansh) is a subsidiary company of the Swiss Post, which provides regional and rural bus services throughout Switzerland, and also in France and Liechtenstein.

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PostFinance Arena

PostFinance Arena (originally known as Eisstadion Allmend and Bern Arena) is an arena in Bern, Switzerland.

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Primary sector of the economy

An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.

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Proportional representation

Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems by which divisions into an electorate are reflected proportionately into the elected body.

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Queersicht

Queersicht is a gay and lesbian film festival held in Bern, Switzerland.

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Regula Rytz

Regula Rytz (born 2 March 1962 in Thun, Canton of Bern) is a Swiss historian and politician of the Green Party of Switzerland.

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Restoration and Regeneration in Switzerland

The periods of Restoration and Regeneration in Swiss history last from 1814 to 1847.

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Roman Josi

Roman Josi (born 1 June 1990) is a Swiss professional ice hockey defenceman who currently serves as captain of the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Romansh language

Romansh (also spelled Romansch, Rumantsch, or Romanche; Romansh:, rumàntsch, or) is a Romance language spoken predominantly in the southeastern Swiss canton of Grisons (Graubünden), where it has official status alongside German and Italian.

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Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (Dutch: Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut or KNMI) is the Dutch national weather forecasting service, which has its headquarters in De Bilt, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Salzburg

Salzburg, literally "salt fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of Salzburg state.

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Sandstone

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.

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SC Bern

Schlittschuh Club Bern (Ice-skating Club Bern in English) is an ice hockey team based in Bern, Switzerland.

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Schanze

A schanze is, according to the specialist terminology of German fortification construction, an independent fieldwork, that is frequently used in the construction of temporary (not permanent) field fortifications.

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Second International

The Second International (1889–1916), the original Socialist International, was an organization of socialist and labour parties formed in Paris on July 14, 1889.

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Secondary sector of the economy

The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.

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Shnit international shortfilmfestival

The shnit international shortfilmfestival is an annual international film festival based in Berne, Switzerland.

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Social Democratic Party of Switzerland

The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (also rendered as Swiss Socialist Party; Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz, SP; Parti socialiste suisse, PS; Partito Socialista Svizzero; Partida Socialdemocrata de la Svizra) is a political party in Switzerland.

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Socialism

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership and democratic control of the means of production as well as the political theories and movements associated with them.

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Softball

Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball (11 in. to 12 in. sized ball) on a smaller field.

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St. Gallen

St. Gallen or traditionally St Gall, in German sometimes Sankt Gallen (St Gall; Saint-Gall; San Gallo; Son Gagl) is a Swiss town and the capital of the canton of St. Gallen.

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Stade de Suisse

The Stade de Suisse Wankdorf is a football stadium in Bern, Switzerland.

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Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe Bern

The Städtische Verkehrsbetriebe Bern (SVB) is a public transport operator in and around the Swiss capital city of Bern.

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Street performance

Street performance or busking is the act of performing in public places for gratuities.

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Sven Bärtschi

Sven Bärtschi (sometimes spelled: Baertschi) (born 5 October 1992) is a Swiss professional ice hockey player who plays for the Vancouver Canucks of the National Hockey League (NHL).

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Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht

The Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht, Fasnacht (in Switzerland) or Fasnat/Faschnat (in Vorarlberg), is the pre-Lenten carnival in Alemannic folklore in Switzerland, southern Germany, Alsace and Vorarlberg.

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Swiss Alps

The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps (Schweizer Alpen, Alpes suisses, Alpi svizzere, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions.

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Swiss coordinate system

The Swiss coordinate system (or Swiss grid) is a geographic coordinate system used in Switzerland for maps and surveying by the Swiss Federal Office of Topography (Swisstopo).

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Swiss Federal Archives

The Swiss Federal Archives (German: Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv, French: Archives fédérales suisses) are the national archives of Switzerland.

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Swiss federal election, 2015

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 18 October 2015 for the National Council and the first round of elections to the Council of States, with runoff elections to the Council of States being held in various cantons until 22 November.

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Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property

The Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (French: Institut fédéral de la propriété intellectuelle, IPI; German: Eidgenössisches Institut für Geistiges Eigentum, IGE; Italian: Istituto federale della proprietà intellettuale), based in Bern, is an agency of the federal administration of Switzerland responsible for patents, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs and copyright.

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Swiss Federal Railways

Swiss Federal Railways (Schweizerische Bundesbahnen, SBB, Chemins de fer fédéraux suisses, CFF, Ferrovie federali svizzere, FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland.

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Swiss franc

The franc (sign: Fr. or SFr.; Franken, French and Romansh: franc, franco; code: CHF) is the currency and legal tender of Switzerland and Liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the Italian exclave Campione d'Italia.

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Swiss German

Swiss German (Standard German: Schweizerdeutsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch Mundart,Because of the many different dialects, and because there is no defined orthography for any of them, many different spellings can be found. and others) is any of the Alemannic dialects spoken in the German-speaking part of Switzerland and in some Alpine communities in Northern Italy bordering Switzerland.

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Swiss Grand Prix

The Swiss Grand Prix (Grand Prix de Suisse, Großer Preis der Schweiz, Gran Premio di Svizzera) was the premier auto race of Switzerland.

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Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance

The Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance (Schweizerisches Inventar der Kulturgüter von nationaler und regionaler Bedeutung; Inventaire suisse des biens culturels d'importance nationale et régionale; Inventario dei beni culturali svizzeri d'importanza nazionale e regionale) is a register of some 8,300 items of cultural property in Switzerland.

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Swiss National Library

The Swiss National Library is part of the Federal Office of Culture.

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Swiss Party of Labour

The Swiss Party of Labour (Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz; Parti Suisse du Travail - Parti Ouvrier et Populaire; Partito Comunista; Partida svizra da la lavur) is a communist party in Switzerland.

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Swiss People's Party

The Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei, SVP; Partida populara Svizra, PPS), also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre (Union démocratique du centre, UDC; Unione Democratica di Centro, UDC), is a national-conservative and right-wing populist political party in Switzerland.

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Swiss Plateau

The Swiss Plateau or Central Plateau (Schweizer Mittelland; plateau suisse; altopiano svizzero) is one of the three major landscapes in Switzerland alongside the Jura Mountains and the Swiss Alps.

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Swiss Reformed Church

The Swiss Reformed Church (Evangelisch-reformierte Kirchen der Schweiz, "Evangelical Reformed Churches of Switzerland") refers to the Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland started in Zürich by Huldrych Zwingli (1484–1531) and spread within a few years to Basel (Johannes Oecolampadius), Bern (Berchtold Haller and Niklaus Manuel), St. Gallen (Joachim Vadian), to cities in southern Germany and via Alsace (Martin Bucer) to France.

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Swiss Standard German

Swiss Standard German (Schweizer Standarddeutsch), or Swiss High German (Schweizer Hochdeutsch or Schweizerhochdeutsch), referred to by the Swiss as Schriftdeutsch, or Hochdeutsch, is the written form of one of four official languages in Switzerland, besides French, Italian and Romansh.

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Swissmint

Swissmint is the official mint of the Swiss Confederation.

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Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Switzerland as a federal state

The rise of Switzerland as a federal state began on 12 September 1848, with the creation of a federal constitution in response to a 27-day civil war in Switzerland, the ''Sonderbundskrieg''.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.

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Theory of relativity

The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity.

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Thirty Years' War

The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.

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Tierpark Dählhölzli

The Tierpark Dählhölzli, or Dählhölzli Zoo, is a public zoo in Bern, Switzerland.

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Timber framing

Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs.

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Trams in Bern

The Bern tramway network (Berner Strassenbahn-Netz) is a network of tramways forming part of the public transport system in Bern, the capital city of Switzerland.

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Trolleybuses in Bern

The Bern trolleybus system (Trolleybussystem Bern) is part of the public transport network of Bern, the capital city of Switzerland.

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UEFA Euro 2008

The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Universal Postal Union

The Universal Postal Union (UPU, Union postale universelle), established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.

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University of Bern

The University of Bern (Universität Bern, Université de Berne, Universitas Bernensis) is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834.

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Upper Burgundy

The Kingdom of Upper Burgundy was a Frankish dominion established in 888 by the Welf king Rudolph I of Burgundy on the territory of former Middle Francia.

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Urban area

An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

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Ursula Wyss

Ursula Wyss (born 8 February 1973 in Davos) is a Swiss politician and economist.

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Vancouver

Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

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Verona

Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.

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Vicus

In Ancient Rome, the vicus (plural vici) was a neighborhood or settlement.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Voter turnout

Voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election.

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Wohlen bei Bern

Wohlen bei Bern is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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WOZ Die Wochenzeitung

WoZ Die Wochenzeitung, (commonly abbreviated as WoZ or Wochenzeitung), is a Swiss German-language weekly newspaper, published in Zürich (Switzerland).

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Zagreb Funicular

The Zagreb Funicular (Zagrebačka uspinjača) is the funicular in Zagreb, Croatia, operated by ZET, situated in Tomić Street, connecting the Ilica Street (Donji Grad) with Strossmayerovo šetalište (Strossmayer promenade) to the north (Gornji Grad).

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Zähringerbrunnen

The Zähringerbrunnen (Zähringen Fountain) is a fountain on Kramgasse in the Old City of Bern, Switzerland.

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Zibelemärit

The Zibelemärit (Bernese German dialect; Onion market) is an annual market with aspects of a fair in the old town of Bern, Switzerland.

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Zollikofen

Zollikofen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

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Zurich Airport

Zurich Airport (Flughafen Zürich), also known as Kloten Airport, is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines.

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Zytglogge

The Zytglogge (Bernese German) is a landmark medieval tower in Bern, Switzerland.

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1954 FIFA World Cup Final

The 1954 FIFA World Cup Final was the final match of the 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth World Cup in FIFA history.

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2003 European heat wave

The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.

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2009 IIHF World Championship

The 2009 IIHF World Championship took place in Switzerland from 24 April to 10 May.

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Redirects here:

Bern (city), Bern, CH, Bern, Switzerland, Berne, Berne (Bern), Berne (Berne), Berne BE, Berne, Switzerland, Capital of Switzerland, City of Berne, Tojo Theater, UN/LOCODE:CHBRN.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bern

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