301 relations: Agra summit, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, All India N.R. 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The Agra summit was a historic two-day summit meeting between India and Pakistan which lasted from 14–16 July 2001.
Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) (translation: All Indian Student Council) is a right-wing all India student organisation affiliated to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
Aligarh (formerly Allygurh & Koil) is a city in the Northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh that is famous for lock industries and the administrative headquarters of the Aligarh district.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) (lit. All India Anna Dravidian Progress Federation) is an Indian political party in the state of Tamil Nadu and in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
All India N R Congress (AINRC) is a regional political party formed by the former Chief Minister of Puducherry, N Rangaswamy in the Indian union territory of Puducherry.
All Jharkhand Students Union or AJSU PARTY is a state political party of Jharkhand state, India.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Amit Anilchandra Shah (born 22 October 1964) is an Indian politician who is currently serving as President of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, popularly known as the Telangana Act is an Act of Indian Parliament that bifurcated the state of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh state, due to the Telangana movement.
Apna Dal (Sonelal) is an Indian political party active in the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh.
Article 370 of the Indian constitution is an article that gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Arun Jaitley (born 28 December 1952) is an Indian politician and legal advocate, who is the Finance Minister and Minister of Corporate Affairs under Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Arunachal Pradesh ("the land of dawn-lit mountains") is one of the 29 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country.
The Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Arunachal Pradesh state in north-eastern India.
The Asia Pacific Democrat Union (APDU) is an international association of member parties close to the International Democratic Union.
Asom Gana Parishad (translation: Assam Peoples Association, AGP) is a state political party in Assam, India.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
The Assam Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Assam.
Indira Gandhi, the 3rd Prime Minister of India, was assassinated at 9:20 a.m. on 31 October 1984, at her Safdarjung Road, New Delhi residence.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (pronunciation; born 25 December 1924) is an Indian politician who was the 10th Prime Minister of India, first term for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
The Babri Masjid (translation: Mosque of Babur) was a mosque in Ayodhya, India.
Bangaru Laxman (17 March 1939 – 1 March 2014) was an Indian politician.
The Bharatiya Jana Sangh (abbrv. BJS), commonly known as the Jan Sangh, was an Indian right wing political party that existed from 1951 to 1977 and was the political arm of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation.
The Bharatiya Janata Yuva Morcha (BJYM) (translation: Indian People Youth Front) is the youth wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
The Bharatiya Kisan Sangh (BKS) (translation: Indian Peasants' Union) is an Indian farmers' representative organization affiliated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and a member of the Sangh Parivar.
Bharatiya Lok Dal ("Indian Peoples' Party") was a political party in India.
The Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (translation: Indian Workers' Union) is one of the trade union organization in India.
Bihar is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.
The Biju Janata Dal (BJD) is a state political party of the Indian state of Odisha led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief minister Biju Patnaik, after whom the party was named.
Biplab Kumar Deb (born 25 November 1971) is an Indian politician from Tripura and the current Chief Minister of Tripura.
BJP Kisan Morcha is the farmers wing of Bharatiya Janata Party.
BJP Mahila Morcha (IPA:Bījēpī Mahilā Mōrcā) is the Women's Wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
BJP Minority Morcha is the minority wing of the Bharatiya Janata Party, one of two major political parties in India.
The Bodoland People's Front (BPF) is a state political party in Assam, India.
Due to the multiple benefits from cattle, there are varying beliefs about cattle in societies and religions.
Chhattisgarh (translation: Thirty-Six Forts) is one of the 29 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country.
The Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha or the Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Chhattisgarh state in central India.
Christophe Jaffrelot is a French political scientist specialising in South Asia, particularly India and Pakistan.
Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.
In a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system, confidence and supply are required for a minority government to retain power in the lower house.
Conrad Kongkal Sangma (born 27 January 1978) is an Indian politician who is the 12th and current Chief Minister of the State of Meghalaya.
Conservatism in India refers to the political philosophy of conservatism as it has developed in India.
Daily News and Analysis (DNA) is an Indian broadsheet newspaper launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format. It targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation.
Dalit, meaning "broken/scattered" in Sanskrit and Hindi, is a term mostly used for the castes in India that have been subjected to untouchability.
Deccan Chronicle is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay (25 September 1916 – 11 February 1968) was an RSS thinker and co-founder of the political party Bharatiya Jana Sangh, the forerunner of Bharatiya Janata Party.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
The Delhi–Lahore Bus, officially known as Sada-e-Sarhad (सदा ए सरहद, Translation: Call of the Frontier, صدائے سرحد), is a passenger bus service connecting the Indian capital of Delhi with the city of Lahore, Pakistan via the border transit post at Wagah.
On 6 December 1992, a large crowd of Hindu Kar Sevaks (activists) demolished the 16th-century Babri Mosque in the city of Ayodhya, in Uttar Pradesh.
The Deputy Prime Minister of India is a member of the Union Cabinet in the Government of India.
Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis (born 22 July 1970) is an Indian politician and 18th, incumbent Chief Minister of Maharashtra holding the office from 31 October 2014.
Dipankar Gupta (born 11 October 1949) is an Indian sociologist and public intellectual.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Economic liberalization (or economic liberalisation) is the lessening of government regulations and restrictions in an economy in exchange for greater participation by private entities; the doctrine is associated with classical liberalism.
Economic nationalism, or economic patriotism, refers to an ideology that favors state interventionism in the economy, with policies that emphasize domestic control of the economy, labor, and capital formation, even if this requires the imposition of tariffs and other restrictions on the movement of labor, goods and capital.
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Gandhian socialism is the branch of socialism based on the nationalist interpretation of the theories of the founding father of the Republic of India, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
Genderqueer, also known as non-binary, is a catch-all category for gender identities that are not exclusively masculine or feminineidentities which are outside the gender binary and cisnormativity.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Goa is a state in India within the coastal region known as the Konkan, in Western India.
Goa Forward Party (GFP) is a regional political party in the western coastal Indian state of Goa, led by Vijai Sardesai.
The Goa Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the state of Goa in Western India.
Godhra is a Municipality in Panchmahal district in Indian state of Gujarat.
The Godhra train burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 people died in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat.
Gopi Shankar Madurai (கோபி ஷங்கர் மதுரை, born 13 April 1991) is an Indian equal rights and Indigenous rights activist.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat.
Haryana, carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1November 1966 on linguistic basis, is one of the 29 states in India.
The Haryana Legislative Assembly or the Haryana Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral state legislature of Haryana state in northern India.
The Gujarat High Court is the High Court of the state of Gujarat.
The Hill State People's Democratic Party (HSPDP) is a political party of the Indian state of Meghalaya.
Himachal Pradesh (literally "snow-laden province") is a Indian state located in North India.
The Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly or the Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Hindi Belt or Hindi Desh, sometimes referred to as the Hindi-Urdu Region, is a linguistic region in north-central India where Hindi (including its dialects) and Urdu are widely spoken.
Jyotisha (or Jyotishyam from Sanskrit, from "light, heavenly body") is the traditional Hindu system of astrology, also known as Hindu astrology, Nepalese Shastra, Indian astrology, and more recently Vedic astrology.
Hindu nationalism has been collectively referred to as the expressions of social and political thought, based on the native spiritual and cultural traditions of the Indian subcontinent.
Hindutva ("Hinduness"), a term popularised by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in 1923, is the predominant form of Hindu nationalism in India.
A human rights commission, also known as a human relations commission, is a body set up to investigate, promote or protect human rights.
An illegal immigrant in India is a person residing in the country without an official permission as prescribed by relevant Indian law.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
India after Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy is a book by Indian historian Ramachandra Guha, published by HarperCollins in August 2007.
India Shining (Hindi: भारत उदय) was a marketing slogan referring to the overall feeling of economic optimism in India in 2004.
India Today is an Indian English-language fortnightly news magazine and news television channel.
The Indian general election of 1951–52 elected the first Lok Sabha since India became independent in August 1947.
In a major turn of events, the ruling Congress lost control of India for the first time in independent India in the Indian general election, 1977.
General elections were held in India in 1984 soon after the assassination of previous Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, though the vote in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to ongoing fighting.
General elections were held in India in 1989 to elect the members of the 9th Lok Sabha.
General elections were held in India in 1991 to elect the members of the 10th Lok Sabha.
General elections were held in India in 1996 to elect the members of the 11th Lok Sabha contested by the Congress Party and Bharatiya Janata Party.
General elections were held in India in 1998, after the government elected in 1996 collapsed and the 12th Lok Sabha was convened.
General Elections were held in India from 5 September to 3 October 1999, a few months after the Kargil War.
Legislative elections were held in India in four phases between 20 April and 10 May 2004.
India held general elections to the 15th Lok Sabha in five phases between 16 April 2009 and 13 May 2009.
The Indian general election of 2014 was held to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha, electing members of parliament for all 543 parliamentary constituencies of India.
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
The Indian National Congress (Organisation) or Congress (O) was a political party in India formed when the Congress party split following the expulsion of Indira Gandhi.
The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.
The Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) is a tribal-based party in Tripura and is a member of the North-East Regional Political Front, a group of political parties of the northeast that supports the National Democratic Alliance (India).
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (née Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician, stateswoman and a central figure of the Indian National Congress.
Integral humanism is a philosophical and scientific thought developed by Deendayal Upadhyaya and adopted by the Jana Sangh in 1965 as its official philosophy.
The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international alliance of centre-right political parties.
Jai Ram Thakur (born 6 January 1965) is an Indian politician, who is the 13th and the current Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh.
Jammu and Kashmir (ænd) is a state in northern India, often denoted by its acronym, J&K.
The Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (JKPDP) is a state political party in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Jamshedpur is the most populous urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) is a centre-left Indian political party with political presence mainly in Bihar and Jharkhand.
The Janata Party (JP or JNP) (translation: People's Party) was an amalgam of Indian political parties opposed to the State of Emergency that was imposed between 1975 and 1977 by the Government of India under the Prime Ministership of Indira Gandhi and her party, the Indian National Congress (R).
The Janata Party (Secular) (जनता पार्टी (धर्मनिरपेक्ष)) was an Indian political party founded by Raj Narain in July, 1979.
Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.
Jayaram Jayalalithaa (born Komalavalli, 24 February 1948 –5 December 2016) was an Indian film actress and politician who served six terms as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
The Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha or the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Jharkhand state in eastern India.
A joint session or joint convention is, most broadly, when two normally separate decision-making groups meet together, often in a special session or other extraordinary meeting, for a specific purpose.
Kalyan Singh (born 5 January 1932) is the Governor of Rajasthan since 4 September 2014.
A Kar Sevak is someone who offers services for free to a religious cause.
The Kargil War (करगिल युद्ध, kargil yuddh, کرگل جنگ kargil jang), also known as the Kargil conflict, was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan that took place between May and July 1999 in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LOC).
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly election of 2008 took place in 3 phases on 10, 16 and 22 May 2008 in all the 224 assembly constituencies in Karnataka, India.
The Fourteenth legislative assembly election was held on 5 May 2013 to elect members from 223 constituencies in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Lal Krishna Advani (born 8 November 1927) known as L. K. Advani is an Indian politician who served as the 7th Deputy Prime Minister of India from 2002 to 2004 under Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan.
Lalu Prasad Yadav (born 11 June 1948) is an Indian politician convicted of corruption from the state of Bihar.
The Leader of the Opposition is the politician who leads the official opposition in either House of the Parliament of India.
The Liberhan Commission (Liberhan Ayodhya Commission of Inquiry) was a long-running inquiry commissioned by the Government of India to investigate the destruction of the disputed structure Babri Masjid in Ayodhya in 1992.
The term Line of Control (LoC) refers to the military control line between the Indian and Pakistani controlled parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir—a line which does not constitute a legally recognized international boundary, but is the de facto border.
The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh is the chief executive of the North East Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
The Chief Minister of Assam, a northeast Indian state, is the head of the Government of Assam.
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar.
The Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh is the chief executive of the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh.
The Chief Minister of Goa is the chief executive of the south Indian coastal state of Goa.
The Chief Minister of Gujarat is the chief executive of the western Indian state of Gujarat.
The Chief Minister of Haryana is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Haryana.
The Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
The Chief Minister of Jharkhand, an east Indian state, is the head of the Government of Jharkhand.
The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (MP), a central Indian state, is the head of the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
The Chief Minister (CM) of Maharashtra is the head of the Government of the western Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Chief Minister of Manipur is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Manipur.
The Chief Minister of Meghalaya is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Meghalaya.
The Chief Minister of Nagaland is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Nagaland.
The Chief Minister of Rajasthan, a north Indian state, is the head of the Government of Rajasthan.
The Chief Minister of Sikkim, an east Indian state, is the head of the Government of Sikkim.
The Chief Minister of Tripura, a northeast Indian state, is the head of the Government of Tripura.
The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (UP), a North Indian state, is the head of the Government of Uttar Pradesh.
The Chief Minister of the State of Uttarakhand, is the head of the Government of Uttarakhand.
India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (abbr. BJP) is one of two major parties in the Indian political system, along with the Indian National Congress.
The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) is a state political party in the state Bihar, India.
The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Madhya Pradesh (MP;; meaning Central Province) is a state in central India.
The Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha or the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Madhya Pradesh state in central India.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
The Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha or the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (MGP) was Goa's first ruling party after the end of Portuguese colonial rule in 1961.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital.
The Manipur Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Manipur.
Manmohan Singh (born 26 September 1932) is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014.
Manmohan Singh Liberhan (born 11 November 1938) is a retired Chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court, India.
Manohar Lal Khattar (born 5 May 1954) is a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) politician, is the 10th Chief Minister of Haryana.
Manohar Gopalkrishna Prabhu Parrikar (born 13 December 1955) is an Indian politician and leader of Bharatiya Janata Party who has been Chief Minister of Goa since 14 March 2017.
Martha Craven Nussbaum (born May 6, 1947) is an American philosopher and the current Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago, where she is jointly appointed in the Law School and the Philosophy department.
Mauli Chandra Sharma (M. C. Sharma) was a senior Indian politician, originally of the Indian National Congress.
Maya Surendrakumar Kodnani is an Indian gynecologist and a former Minister of State for Women and Child Development in the Government of Gujarat.
Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India.
The Meghalaya Legislative Assembly is a unicameral legislature in the government of the state of Meghalaya in India.
A Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) to the legislature of the State government in the Indian system of government.
The Minister of External Affairs (or simply Foreign Minister) is the head of the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India.
The Minister of Finance (or simply, Finance Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India.
The Minister of Home Affairs (or simply, the Home Minister) is the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.
Mint is an Indian financial daily newspaper published by HT Media, a Delhi-based media group which is controlled by the KK Birla family and also publishes Hindustan Times.
Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its capital city.
Morarji Desai (29 February 1896 – 10 April 1995) was an Indian independence activist and served between 1977 and 1979 as the 4th Prime Minister of India and led the government formed by the Janata Party.
Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 21 November 1939) is an Indian politician from Uttar Pradesh and the founder of the Samajwadi Party.
Murli Manohar Joshi (born 5 January 1934) is an Indian politician, a leading member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of which he was the President between 1991 and 1993, and the current Member of Parliament for Kanpur.
Nongthombam Biren Singh (born 1 January 1961) is an Indian politician and former footballer and journalist.
The Naga People's Front (NPF) is a regional political party in Nagaland and Manipur, India.
Nagaland is a state in Northeast India.
Nagaland Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Nagaland.
Narendra Damodardas Modi (born 17 September 1950) is an Indian politician serving as the 14th and current Prime Minister of India since 2014.
National conservatism is a variant of conservatism that concentrates more on national interests and upholding cultural or ethnic identity than most other conservatives.
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an autonomous organisation of the Government of India that was established on 1 September 1961 as a literary, scientific and charitable Society under the Societies' Registration Act (Act XXI of 1860).
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right coalition of political parties in India.
The National People's Party is a state-level political party in India, though its influence is mostly concentrated in the state of Meghalaya.
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) is a regional political party in the Indian state of Nagaland.
Neiphiu Rio (born 11 November 1950) is a Naga politician.
Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
Nitish Kumar (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in eastern India, since 2017.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The North-East Democratic Alliance or NEDA is a political coalition that was formed on May 24, 2016 by Bharatiya Janata Party along with regional political parties like Naga People's Front, Sikkim Democratic Front, People's Party of Arunachal, Asom Gana Parishad and Bodoland People's Front in Northeast India.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
Operation West End was the first sting operation done by Tehelka in 2001, an Indian news magazine known for its investigative journalism.
Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are socially or educationally or economically disadvantaged.
Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body of the Republic of India.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Paul Richard Brass (born November 8, 1936) is professor emeritus of political science and international relations at the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, where he taught since 1965.
Pawan Kumar Chamling (born 22 September 1950) is a Sikkimese politician and the fifth and incumbent Chief minister of the Indian state of Sikkim.
Pema Khandu is an Arunachalese politician and the Chief Minister of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
The People's Democratic Front (PDF) is a regional political party in the Indian state of Meghalaya.
Pokhran-II was the series of five nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range in May 1998.
A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.
The Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002 (POTA) was an Act passed by the Parliament of India in 2002, with the objective of strengthening anti-terrorism operations.
The Prime Minister of India is the leader of the executive of the Government of India.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
In the Indian context, the term pseudo-secularism is used to pejoratively describe policies considered to involve minority appeasement.
Puducherry (literally New Town in Tamil), formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India.
Punjab is a state in northern India.
Raghubar Das (born 3 May 1955) is the Chief minister of Jharkhand state of India.
Rajasthan (literally, "Land of Kings") is India's largest state by area (or 10.4% of India's total area).
The Rajasthan Legislative Assembly or the Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Rajasthan.
Rajnath Ram Badan Singh (born 10 July 1951) is an Indian politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) who currently serves as the Home Minister.
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
Ram Janmabhoomi (literally, "Rama's birthplace") is the name given to the site that many Hindus believe to be the birthplace of Rama, the 7th avatar of the Hindu deity Vishnu.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Ramachandra Guha (born 29 April 1958) is an Indian historian and writer whose research interests include environmental, social, political, contemporary and cricket history.
Raman Singh (born 15 October 1952) is an Indian politician and the current Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh state since 7 December 2003.
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (translation: National People's Equality Party; abbreviated as RLSP) is a political party in the Indian State Bihar, founded on 3 March 2013.
Rashtriya Samaj Paksha ("National Social Party") is an Indian political party based in Maharashtra and founded in 2003.
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, abbreviated as RSS (Rāṣṭrīya Svayamsēvaka Saṅgha, IPA:, lit. "National Volunteer Organisation" or "National Patriotic Organisation"), is an Indian right-wing, Hindu nationalist, paramilitary volunteer organisation that is widely regarded as the parent organisation of the ruling party of India, the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Ratha Yatra, also referred to as Rathayatra, Rathjatra or Chariot festival is any public procession in a chariot.
Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Right-wing populism is a political ideology which combines right-wing politics and populist rhetoric and themes.
Saffron,also known as Saffron Orange,is a color that is a tone of golden orange resembling the color of the tip of the saffron crocus thread, from which the spice saffron is derived.
Saffronisation or Saffronization is an Indian political neologism (named after the saffron robes worn by Hindu sannyasisIn fact, saffron is the colour that represents the very ethos and psyche of this country. Saffronisation means to go back to the holy traditions of this country. Statement by former Indian Human Resource Development Minister, Dr Murli Manohar Joshi) used by critics and others to refer to the policies of right-wing Hindu nationalists (Hindutva) that seek to recall and glorify ancient Hindu cultural history (the term "Hindu" in their view encompassing "dharmic" religions including Hinduism and the Sikh, Jain and Buddhist traditions).
The Samta Party (SP) is a political party in India, initially formed in 1994 by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar.
The Sangh Parivar (Family of Organisations) refers to the family of Hindu nationalist organisations which have been started by members of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) or drew inspiration from its ideology.
Sarbananda Sonowal (born 31 October 1961) is an Indian politician who has been Chief Minister of Assam since 2016.
Chapter XVI, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code dating back to 1861, introduced during the British rule of India (modelled on the Buggery Act of 1533) criminalises sexual activities against the order of nature, including homosexual sexual activities.
Secularism in India means equal treatment of all religions by the state.
The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD), (translation: Supreme Akali Party) is a political party in India.
Shiv Sena (IAST: Śiva Sēnā) (translation; Army of Shivaji), is an Indian far-right regional political party.
Shivraj Singh Chouhan (born 5 March 1959) is the 18th and current Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, a central Indian state.
Sikkim is a state in Northeast India.
Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) is a regional political party in the North East Indian state of Sikkim.
The Sikkim Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of Sikkim state in north-eastern India.
Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.
Socialist Party has been the name of several political parties in India, all of which have their roots in the Congress Socialist Party during the freedom struggle.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
The Stanford University Press (SUP) is the publishing house of Stanford University.
The Suheldev Bharatiya Samaj Party is an Indian political party founded in 2002.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi and which had some success.
The Swatantra Party was an Indian liberal-conservative political party that existed from 1959 to 1974.
Syama Prasad Mookerjee (06 July 1901 – 23 June 1953) was an Indian politician, barrister and academician, who served as Minister for Industry and Supply in Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tehelka (Hindi: Sensation) is an Indian news magazine known for its investigative journalism and sting operations.
Telangana is a state in the south of India.
Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the Southern States of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
In India, "the Emergency" refers to a 21-month period from 1975 to 1977 when Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had a state of emergency declared across the country.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Third Front in Indian politics refers to various alliances formed by smaller parties at various points of time since 1989 to offer a third option to Indian voters, challenging the Indian National Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party.
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text.
Tripura 'ত্রিপুরা (Bengali)' is a state in Northeast India.
The Tripura Legislative Assembly or Tripura Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the northeastern Indian state of Tripura, with 60 Members of the Legislative Assembly.
Trivendra Singh Rawat (born December 1960) is an Indian politician and is the eighth and current Chief Minister of Uttarakhand.
Uniform civil code is the ongoing point of debate within Indian mandate to replace personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in India with a common set of rules governing every citizen.
The United Democratic Party is a political party recognised in Meghalaya state, India.
The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is a coalition of centre-left political parties in India formed after the 2004 general election.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The University of Pennsylvania Press (or Penn Press) is a university press affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (उत्तर प्रदेश विधान सभा) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature (or say Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of Vidhan Bhavan) of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
Uttarakhand, officially the State of Uttarakhand (Uttarākhaṇḍ Rājya), formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India.
The Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly, also known as the Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha, is a unicameral governing and law making body of Uttarakhand, one of the 29 States in India, and is situated at Dehradun, the interim state capital of Uttarakhand, with 71 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).
Vishwanath Pratap Singh (25 June 1931 – 27 November 2008), was an Indian politician and government official, the 7th Prime Minister of India from 1989 to 1990.
Vanathi Srinivasan is a Tamil politician and lawyer.
Vasundhara Raje Scindia (born 8 March 1953), commonly referred to as Vasundhara Raje, is an Indian politician who has held the post of 13th Chief Minister of Rajasthan since 2013; previously she served in the same post from 2003 to 2008, and was the first female to hold the post.
Vijay Ramniklal Rupani (born 2 August 1956) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (28 May 1883 – 26 February 1966) was an Indian pro-Hindutva activist, lawyer, politician, poet, writer and playwright.
The Vishva Hindu Parishad (IAST: Viśva Hindū Pariṣada, pronunciation:, translation: World Hindu Council), abbreviated VHP, is an Indian right-wing Hindu nationalist organisation based on the ideology of Hindutva.
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
Westernization (US) or Westernisation (UK), also Europeanization/Europeanisation or occidentalization/occidentalisation (from the Occident, meaning the Western world; see "occident" in the dictionary), is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture in areas such as industry, technology, law, politics, economics, lifestyle, diet, clothing, language, alphabet, religion, philosophy, and values.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
Yogi Adityanath (born Ajay Mohan Bisht, Hindustan Times, 6 April 2017. on 5 June 1972, Sixteenth Lok Sabha, retrieved 19 March 2017.) is an Indian monk and Hindu nationalist politician who is the current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, in office since 19 March 2017.
List of Members of the 10th Lok Sabha, (20 June 1991 – 10 May 1996) elected during Indian general election, 1991 held during May–June 1991.
General elections were held in India in April–May 1996 to elect the members of the 11th Lok Sabha.
This is the list of members of the 12th Lok Sabha, (10 March 1998 – 26 April 1999) after the Indian general election, 1998 held during February–March 1998.
The 13th Lok Sabha (10 October 1999 – 6 February 2004) is the thirteenth session of the Lok Sabha (House of the People, or lower house in the Parliament of India).
The 14th Lok Sabha (17 May 2004 – 18 May 2009) was convened after the Indian general election, 2004 held in four phases during 20 April – 10 May 2004, which led to the formation of First Manmohan Singh ministry (2004–2009).
Members of the 15th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2009 general election in India.
Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election.
The 2001 Indian Parliament attack was a terrorist attack at the Parliament of India in New Delhi on 13 December 2001.
The 8th Lok Sabha ran from 31 December 1984 to 27 November 1989.
List of Members of the 9th Lok Sabha (2 December 1989 – 13 March 1991) elections in 22-26 November 1989.
B.J.P., BJP, BJP IT Cell Morcha, Bhajapa, Bharathiya Janata Party, Bharatiy Janata Party, Bharatiya Jana Party, Bharatiya Janata, Bharatiya Janata Party alliance, Bharatiya Janata party, Bharatiya Janta Party, Bharatiya jinnah party, Bhartiya Janata Party, Bhartiya Janta Party, Bhartiya jinnah party, Bhartya Janta Party, Bhatriya Janata Party, Bjp, History of the Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian People's Party, Indian Public Party, List of Violence by BJP, Organisation of the Bharatiya Janata Party, भारतीय जनता पार्टी.