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Index Bicycle

A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other. [1]

275 relations: Aerodynamics, Ailsa Craig Engines, Air pollution, Albert Augustus Pope, American Automobile Association, American Motorcyclist, Amphibious cycle, Amsterdam, Artistic cycling, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Auto racing, Ílhavo, Škoda Auto, Baby transport, Ball bearing, Bamboo, Barbie, Better World Club, Bicycle basket, Bicycle bell, Bicycle brake, Bicycle carrier, Bicycle chain, Bicycle commuting, Bicycle culture, Bicycle fairing, Bicycle Film Festival, Bicycle fork, Bicycle frame, Bicycle gearing, Bicycle handlebar, Bicycle helmet, Bicycle helmets in New Zealand, Bicycle industry, Bicycle infantry, Bicycle lighting, Bicycle lock, Bicycle mail, Bicycle mechanic, Bicycle messenger, Bicycle pedal, Bicycle pump, Bicycle rollers, Bicycle saddle, Bicycle safety, Bicycle seat, Bicycle touring, Bicycle trailer, Bicycle trainer, Bicycle wheel, ..., Bicycle-sharing system, Bicycling (magazine), Bike boom, Birger Ljungström, Bloomers (clothing), BMX bike, BMX racing, Bottle cage, Bottom bracket, Bowden cable, Bur, Cadence (cycling), Cambridge, Canada Science and Technology Museum, Car, Carbon dioxide, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Center of mass, Chain drive, Chain tool, Chief executive officer, Code point, Cogset, Composite material, Computer-aided design, Conspicuous consumption, Copenhagen, Countersteering, Courier, Coventry, Crank (mechanism), Crankset, Criterium, Cruiser bicycle, Cycle sport, Cycling, Cycling club, Cycling infrastructure, Cycling UK, Cyclocomputer, Cyclosportive, Dandy horse, Dennis Crowley, Department for Transport, Derailleur gears, Disc brake, Dynamo, Electric bicycle, European Committee for Standardization, Feminism, Fender (vehicle), Fixed-gear bicycle, Flying Pigeon, Folding bicycle, Ford Motor Company, Fork end, Foursquare, Fox Business Network, Frances Willard, Fredrik Ljungström, Freestyle BMX, Freewheel, Freight bicycle, Freiherr, Gear case, Gear train, General Motors, Giro d'Italia, Glasgow, Goat's head, Hand, Headset (bicycle part), Hex key, Honda Super Cub, Horse and buggy, Horse-drawn vehicle, Horsecar, HTML, Hub gear, Human-powered transport, Hybrid bicycle, Hydraulics, Intermodal passenger transport, International Organization for Standardization, Islamic bicycle, ISO 5775, Ivan Illich, James Starley, Jockstrap, John Boyd Dunlop, John Kemp Starley, Jurisdiction, Karl Drais, Kickstand, Kirkpatrick Macmillan, Kodak, La Rochelle, List of bicycle types, List of International Organization for Standardization standards, Local bike shop, Locking hubs, Lowrider bicycle, Luggage carrier, Lulu.com, Maintenance (technical), Mannheim, Marketplace (radio program), Mass production, Materials science, Military communications, MIT Press, Mode of transport, Montreal, Morris Motors, Motor vehicle, Motorcycle racing, Mountain bike, Mountain biking, Moving parts, Mudflap, Multi-tool, New Scientist, New Woman, New York City, New York University, New York World, Numeric character reference, Outline of bicycles, Outline of cycling, Oxford, Pannier, Paramedic, Patrol, Penny-farthing, Physical fitness, Pierre Lallement, Pierre Michaux, Planned obsolescence, Plymouth, Police bicycle, Poverty reduction, Proceedings of the Royal Society, Quadracycle, Racing bicycle, Racing slick, Raleigh Bicycle Company, Reconnaissance, Recumbent bicycle, Retronym, Retroreflector, Road bicycle, Road bicycle racing, Rodale, Inc., Roller chain, Rover Company, Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, Safety bicycle, Safety in numbers, Scientific American, Self-service, Shilling, Sidesaddle, Single-track vehicle, Spoke, Stem (bicycle part), Step-through frame, Stiffness, Stoppie, Susan B. Anthony, Svea Velocipede, Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology, Talc, Tall bike, Tandem, Tandem bicycle, The Daily News (UK), The Economist, Thomas McCall, Time trial, Tire, Tire iron, Titanium, Tour de France, Tour de Pologne, Touring bicycle, Toyota Corolla, Track bicycle, Track cycling, Traffic congestion, Training wheels, Trampe bicycle lift, Tricycle, Trondheim, Truss, Unicode, Unicycle, Union Cycliste Internationale, United Nations, University of Chicago Press, Urban planning, Utility bicycle, Utility cycling, Vehicle, Vehicle horn, Velocipede, Venture capital, Victorian dress reform, Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, Volta a Portugal, Vuelta a España, Washer (hardware), Weight distribution, Willie Hume, Wire wheel, Wired (magazine), WNYC, Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Woman's Temperance Publishing Association, Women's suffrage, World Bicycle Day, World Digital Library, World's fair, Wrench, Wright brothers, Wright Cycle Company. Expand index (225 more) »


Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.

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Ailsa Craig Engines

Ailsa Craig Engines was a manufacturer of marine and specialist made-to-order engines from 1891 to 1972.

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Air pollution

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.

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Albert Augustus Pope

Albert Augustus Pope (May 20, 1843 – August 10, 1909) was a Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in the Union Army.

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American Automobile Association

The American Automobile Association (AAA – pronounced "Triple A") is a federation of motor clubs throughout North America.

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American Motorcyclist

American Motorcyclist is an American magazine published monthly by the American Motorcyclist Association, covering issues of importance to its members, including legislation and regulations, touring, trail riding, motocross, enduros, road racing, cruisers and dirt track.

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Amphibious cycle

An amphibious cycle is a human-powered vehicle capable of operation on both land and water.

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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.

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Artistic cycling

Artistic cycling is a form of competitive indoor cycling in which athletes perform tricks (called exercises) for points on specialized, fixed-gear bikes in a format similar to ballet or gymnastics.

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Australian Broadcasting Corporation

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.

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Auto racing

Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.

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Ílhavo is a municipality located at the Centre of Portugal.

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Škoda Auto

Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement.

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Baby transport

Various methods of transporting children have been used in different cultures and times.

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Ball bearing

A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.

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The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.

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Barbie is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March 1959.

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Better World Club

The Better World Club provides services to motorists in the United States and supports organizations seeking to reduce the environmental damage done by automobiles.

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Bicycle basket

A bicycle basket is a bicycle-mounted basket for carrying cargo, usually light cargo.

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Bicycle bell

A bicycle bell is a percussive signaling instrument mounted on a bicycle for warning pedestrians and other cyclists.

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Bicycle brake

A bicycle brake reduces the speed of a bicycle or prevents it from moving.

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Bicycle carrier

A bicycle carrier, also commonly called a bike rack, is a device attached to an automobile or bus for transporting bicycles.

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Bicycle chain

A bicycle chain is a roller chain that transfers power from the pedals to the drive-wheel of a bicycle, thus propelling it.

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Bicycle commuting

Bicycle commuting is the use of a bicycle to travel from home to a place of work or study — in contrast to the use of a bicycle for sport, recreation or touring.

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Bicycle culture

Bicycle culture can refer to a mainstream culture that supports the use of bicycles or to a subculture.

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Bicycle fairing

A bicycle fairing is a full or partial covering for a bicycle to reduce aerodynamic drag or to protect the rider from the elements.

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Bicycle Film Festival

The Bicycle Film Festival (BFF) is an independent film festival that screens films related to urban cycling culture, in cities around the world.

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Bicycle fork

A bicycle fork is the part of a bicycle that holds the front wheel.

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Bicycle frame

A bicycle frame is the main component of a bicycle, onto which wheels and other components are fitted.

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Bicycle gearing

Bicycle gearing is the aspect of a bicycle drivetrain that determines the relation between the cadence, the rate at which the rider pedals, and the rate at which the drive wheel turns.

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Bicycle handlebar

A bicycle handlebar or bicycle handlebars is the steering control for bicycles; it is the equivalent of a steering wheel for vehicles and vessels.

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Bicycle helmet

A bicycle helmet is designed to attenuate impacts to the head of a cyclist in falls while minimizing side effects such as interference with peripheral vision.

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Bicycle helmets in New Zealand

Bicycle helmets have been mandatory in New Zealand since January 1994.

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Bicycle industry

The Bicycle Industry or Cycling Industry can broadly be defined as the industry concerned with bicycles and cycling.

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Bicycle infantry

Bicycle infantry are infantry soldiers who maneuver on (or, more often, between) battlefields using military bicycles.

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Bicycle lighting

Bicycle lighting is illumination attached to bicycles whose purpose above all is, along with reflectors, to improve the visibility of the bicycle and its rider to other road users under circumstances of poor ambient illumination.

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Bicycle lock

A bicycle lock is a security device used to deter bicycle theft, generally by fastening the bicycle to a fixed object, e.g., a bike rack.

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Bicycle mail

Bicycle Mail - The topic of Bicycle Mail can cover two separate and distinctive areas.

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Bicycle mechanic

A bicycle mechanic or bike mechanic is a mechanic who can perform a wide range of repairs on bicycles.

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Bicycle messenger

Bicycle messengers (also known as bike or cycle couriers) are people who work for courier companies (also known as messenger companies) carrying and delivering items by bicycle.

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Bicycle pedal

The bicycle pedal is the part of a bicycle that the rider pushes with their foot to propel the bicycle.

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Bicycle pump

A bicycle pump is a type of positive-displacement air pump specifically designed for inflating bicycle tires.

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Bicycle rollers

Bicycle rollers are a type of bicycle trainer that make it possible to ride a bicycle indoors without moving forward.

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Bicycle saddle

A bicycle saddle, often called a seat, is one of three contact points on an upright bicycle, the others being the pedals and the handlebars.

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Bicycle safety

Bicycle safety is the use of road traffic safety practices to reduce risk associated with cycling.

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Bicycle seat

A bicycle seat, unlike a bicycle saddle, is designed to support the rider's buttocks and back, usually in a semi-reclined position.

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Bicycle touring

Bicycle touring means self-contained cycling trips for pleasure, adventure, and autonomy rather than sport, commuting, or exercise.

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Bicycle trailer

A bicycle trailer is a motorless wheeled frame with a hitch system for transporting cargo by bicycle.

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Bicycle trainer

A bicycle trainer is a piece of equipment that makes it possible to ride a bicycle while it remains stationary.

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Bicycle wheel

A bicycle wheel is a wheel, most commonly a wire wheel, designed for a bicycle.

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Bicycle-sharing system

A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.

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Bicycling (magazine)

Bicycling is a cycling brand published by Hearst in Emmaus, Pennsylvania.

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Bike boom

The term "bike boom" or "bicycle craze" refers to any of several specific historic periods marked by increased bicycle enthusiasm, popularity, and sales.

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Birger Ljungström

Birger Ljungström (4 June 1872 – 17 November 1948) was a Swedish engineer, technical designer, industrialist, and inventor.

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Bloomers (clothing)

Bloomers, also called the bloomer, the Turkish dress, the American dress, or simply reform dress, are divided women's garments for the lower body.

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BMX bike

A BMX bike is an off-road sport bicycle used for racing and stunt riding.

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BMX racing

BMX racing is a type of off-road bicycle racing.

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Bottle cage

A bottle cage is device used to affix a water bottle to a bicycle.

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Bottom bracket

The bottom bracket on a bicycle connects the crankset (chainset) to the bicycle and allows the crankset to rotate freely.

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Bowden cable

A Bowden cable is a type of flexible cable used to transmit mechanical force or energy by the movement of an inner cable relative to a hollow outer cable housing.

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A bur (also spelled burr) is a seed or dry fruit or infructescence that has hooks or teeth.

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Cadence (cycling)

In cycling, cadence (or pedalling rate) is the number of revolutions of the crank per minute; this is the rate at which a cyclist is pedalling/turning the pedals.

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Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England, on the River Cam approximately north of London.

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Canada Science and Technology Museum

The Canada Science and Technology Museum (Musée des sciences et de la technologie du Canada) is located in Ottawa, Ontario, on St. Laurent Boulevard, to the south of the Queensway (Highway 417).

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A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.

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Center of mass

In physics, the center of mass of a distribution of mass in space is the unique point where the weighted relative position of the distributed mass sums to zero, or the point where if a force is applied it moves in the direction of the force without rotating.

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Chain drive

Chain drive is a way of transmitting mechanical power from one place to another.

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Chain tool

A typical chain tool. With a chain placed on the central sprocket, the screw is turned until a pin is pushed from the linkage A chain tool is a small mechanical device used to "break" a bicycle chain in such a way that it can be mended with the same tool.

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Chief executive officer

Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.

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Code point

In character encoding terminology, a code point or code position is any of the numerical values that make up the code space.

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On a bicycle, the cogset or cluster is the set of multiple sprockets that attaches to the hub on the rear wheel.

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Composite material

A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.

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Computer-aided design

Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.

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Conspicuous consumption

Conspicuous consumption is the spending of money on and the acquiring of luxury goods and services to publicly display economic power—of the income or of the accumulated wealth of the buyer.

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Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.

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Countersteering is used by single-track vehicle operators, such as cyclists and motorcyclists, to initiate a turn toward a given direction by momentarily steering counter to the desired direction ("steer left to turn right").

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A courier is a company that delivers messages, packages, and mail.

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Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

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Crank (mechanism)

A crank is an arm attached at a right angle to a rotating shaft by which reciprocating motion is imparted to or received from the shaft.

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The crankset (in the US) or chainset (in the UK), is the component of a bicycle drivetrain that converts the reciprocating motion of the rider's legs into rotational motion used to drive the chain or belt, which in turn drives the rear wheel.

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A criterium, or crit, is a bike race consisting of several laps around a closed circuit, the length of each lap or circuit ranging from about 800 m to 10,000 m.

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Cruiser bicycle

A cruiser bicycle, also known as a beach cruiser or (formerly) motobike, is a bicycle that usually combines balloon tires, an upright seating posture, a single-speed drivetrain, and straightforward steel construction with expressive styling.

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Cycle sport

Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles.

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Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.

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Cycling club

A cycling club is a society for cyclists.

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Cycling infrastructure

Cycling infrastructure refers to all infrastructure which may be used by cyclists.

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Cycling UK

Cycling UK is a brand name of the Cyclists' Touring Club (CTC), which is a charitable membership organisation supporting cyclists and promoting bicycle use.

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A cyclocomputer, cycle computer, cycling computer or cyclometer (obs.) is a device mounted on a bicycle that calculates and displays trip information, similar to the instruments in the dashboard of a car.

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A cyclosportive, or often simply sportive, is a short to long distance, organised, mass-participation cycling event, typically held annually.

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Dandy horse

The dandy horse is a human-powered vehicle that, being the first means of transport to make use of the two-wheeler principle, is regarded as the forerunner of the bicycle.

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Dennis Crowley

Dennis Crowley (born June 19, 1976) is an American Internet entrepreneur who co-founded the social networking sites Dodgeball and Foursquare.

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Department for Transport

The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.

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Derailleur gears

Derailleur gears are a variable-ratio transmission system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets of different sizes, and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another.

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Disc brake

A disc brake is a type of brake that uses calipers to squeeze pairs of pads against a disc or "rotor" to create friction.

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A dynamo is an electrical generator that creates direct current using a commutator.

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Electric bicycle

An electric bicycle, also known as an e-bike, powerbike or booster bike, is a bicycle with an integrated electric motor which can be used for propulsion.

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European Committee for Standardization

The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a public standards organization whose mission is to foster the economy of the European Union (EU) in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.

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Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

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Fender (vehicle)

Fender is the American English term for the part of an automobile, motorcycle or other vehicle body that frames a wheel well (the fender underside).

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Fixed-gear bicycle

A fixed-gear bicycle (or fixed-wheel bicycle, commonly known in some places as a fixie) is a bicycle that has a drivetrain with no freewheel mechanism.

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Flying Pigeon

Flying Pigeon (Pinyin: fēigē) is a Chinese bicycle company based in Tianjin, a direct-controlled municipality, in Northeastern China.

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Folding bicycle

A folding bicycle is a bicycle designed to fold into a compact form, facilitating transport and storage.

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Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.

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Fork end

A fork end, fork-end, or forkend is a slot in a bicycle frame or bicycle fork where the axle of a bicycle wheel is attached.

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Foursquare is a local search-and-discovery service mobile app which provides search results for its users.

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Fox Business Network

Fox Business Network (FBN), also known as Fox Business, is an American cable and satellite business news television channel that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox.

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Frances Willard

Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard (September 28, 1839 – February 17, 1898) was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist.

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Fredrik Ljungström

Fredrik Ljungström (16 June 1875 in Stockholm – 18 February 1964 in Stockholm) was a Swedish engineer, technical designer, and industrialist.

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Freestyle BMX

Freestyle BMX is bicycle motocross stunt riding on BMX bikes.

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Freewheel mechanism In mechanical or automotive engineering, a freewheel or overrunning clutch is a device in a transmission that disengages the driveshaft from the driven shaft when the driven shaft rotates faster than the driveshaft.

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Freight bicycle

Freight bicycles, carrier cycles, freight tricycles, cargo bikes, box bikes, or cycletrucks are human powered vehicles designed and constructed specifically for transporting loads.

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Freiherr (male, abbreviated as Frhr.), Freifrau (his wife, abbreviated as Frfr., literally "free lord" or "free lady") and Freiin (his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility in the German-speaking areas of the Holy Roman Empire, and in its various successor states, including Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, etc.

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Gear case

A gear case, also known as a chain case or chainguard, is an enclosure for the bicycle chain and sprocket assemblages commonly employed by utility bicycles.

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Gear train

A gear train is a mechanical system formed by mounting gears on a frame so the teeth of the gears engage.

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General Motors

General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.

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Giro d'Italia

The Giro d'Italia (Tour of Italy; also known as the Giro) is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries.

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Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.

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Goat's head

Goat's head is a common name for several plants and may refer to.

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A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.

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Headset (bicycle part)

The headset is the set of components on a bicycle that provides a rotatable interface between the bicycle fork and the head tube of the bicycle frame.

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Hex key

A hex key, Allen key or Allen wrench is a tool used to drive bolts and screws with hexagonal sockets in their heads.

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Honda Super Cub

The Honda Super Cub is a Honda underbone motorcycle with a four stroke single cylinder engine ranging in displacement from.

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Horse and buggy

A horse and buggy (in American English) or horse and carriage (in British English and American English) refers to a light, simple, two-person carriage of the late 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, drawn usually by one or sometimes by two horses.

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Horse-drawn vehicle

A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses.

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A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.

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Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.

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Hub gear

A hub gear, internal-gear hub, or just gear hub is a gear ratio changing system commonly used on bicycles that is implemented with planetary or epicyclic gears.

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Human-powered transport

Human-powered transport is the transport of person(s) and/or goods using human muscle power.

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Hybrid bicycle

Hybrid bicycles blend characteristics from more specialized road bikes, touring bikes and mountain bikes.

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Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.

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Intermodal passenger transport

Intermodal passenger transport, also called mixed-mode commuting, involves using two or more modes of transportation in a journey.

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International Organization for Standardization

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.

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Islamic bicycle

The proper Islamic bicycle for the Muslim women is a topic of heated discussion in both Sunni and Shia Islam.

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ISO 5775

ISO 5775 is an international standard for labeling the size of bicycle tires and rims.

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Ivan Illich

Ivan Illich (4 September 1926 – 2 December 2002) was a Croatian-Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest, and critic of the institutions of modern Western culture, who addressed contemporary practices in education, medicine, work, energy use, transportation, and economic development.

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James Starley

James Starley (21 April 1830 – 17 June 1881) was an English inventor and father of the bicycle industry.

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A jockstrap (also known as a jock, strap, supporter, or athletic supporter) is an undergarment for supporting the male genitalia during cycling, contact sports or other vigorous physical activity.

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John Boyd Dunlop

John Boyd Dunlop (5 February 1840 – 23 October 1921) was a Scottish inventor and veterinary surgeon who spent most of his career in Ireland.

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John Kemp Starley

John Kemp Starley (1854Biography at Vestry House Museum, Walthamstow–1901) was an English inventor and industrialist who is widely considered the inventor of the modern bicycle, and also originator of the name Rover.

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Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

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Karl Drais

Karl Freiherr von Drais (full name: Karl Friedrich Christian Ludwig Freiherr Drais von Sauerbronn) (29 April 1785 in Karlsruhe – 10 December 1851 in Karlsruhe) was a German forest official and significant inventor in the Biedermeier period.

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A kickstand is a device on a bicycle or motorcycle that allows the bike to be kept upright without leaning against another object or the aid of a person.

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Kirkpatrick Macmillan

Kirkpatrick Macmillan (2 September 1812 in Keir, Dumfries and Galloway – 26 January 1878 in Keir) was a Scottish blacksmith.

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The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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La Rochelle

La Rochelle is a city in western France and a seaport on the Bay of Biscay, a part of the Atlantic Ocean.

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List of bicycle types

This list gives an overview of different types of bicycles, categorized by function (racing, recreation, etc.); number of riders (one, two, or more); by construction or frame type (upright, folding, etc.); by gearing (single speed, derailleur gears, etc.); by sport (mountain biking, BMX, triathlon, etc.); by means of propulsion (human-powered, motor-assisted, etc.); and by rider position (upright, recumbent, etc.) The list also includes miscellaneous types such as pedicabs, rickshaws, and clown bikes.

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List of International Organization for Standardization standards

This is a list of publishedThis list generally excludes draft versions.

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Local bike shop

A local bike shop or local bicycle shop is a small business specializing in bicycle sale, maintenance and parts.

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Locking hubs

Locking hubs, also known as free wheeling hubs are fitted to some (mainly older) four-wheel drive vehicles, allowing the front wheels to rotate freely when disconnected (unlocked) from the front axle.

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Lowrider bicycle

A lowrider bicycle is a highly customized bicycle with styling inspired by lowrider cars.

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Luggage carrier

A luggage carrier, also commonly called a rack, is a device attached to a bicycle to which cargo or panniers can be attached.

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Lulu Press, Inc., doing business as Lulu.com, is an online print-on-demand, self-publishing, and distribution platform.

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Maintenance (technical)

The technical meaning of maintenance involves operational and functional checks, servicing, repairing or replacing of necessary devices, equipment, machinery, building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, governmental, and residential installations.

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Mannheim (Palatine German: Monnem or Mannem) is a city in the southwestern part of Germany, the third-largest in the German state of Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe with a 2015 population of approximately 305,000 inhabitants.

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Marketplace (radio program)

Marketplace is a radio program that focuses on business, the economy, and events that influence them.

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Mass production

Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.

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Materials science

The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering is the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids.

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Military communications

Military communications or military signals involve all aspects of communications, or conveyance of information, by armed forces.

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MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

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Mode of transport

Mode of transport is a term used to distinguish substantially different ways to perform.

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Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.

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Morris Motors

Morris Motors Limited was a British privately owned motor vehicle manufacturing company formed in 1919 to take over the assets of William Morris's WRM Motors Limited and continue production of the same vehicles.

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Motor vehicle

A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.

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Motorcycle racing

Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and motorbike racing) is the motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles.

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Mountain bike

A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated Mtn Bike or MTB) is a bicycle designed for off-road cycling.

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Mountain biking

Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.

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Moving parts

The moving parts of a machine are those parts of it that move.

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A mudflap or mud guard is used in combination with the vehicle fender to protect the vehicle, passengers, other vehicles, and pedestrians from mud and other flying debris thrown into the air by the rotating tire.

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A multi-tool (or multitool) is any one of a range of portable, versatile hand tools that combines several individual functions in a single unit.

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New Scientist

New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.

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New Woman

The New Woman was a feminist ideal that emerged in the late nineteenth century and had a profound influence on feminism well into the twentieth century.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York University

New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.

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New York World

The New York World was a newspaper published in New York City from 1860 until 1931.

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Numeric character reference

A numeric character reference (NCR) is a common markup construct used in SGML and SGML-derived markup languages such as HTML and XML.

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Outline of bicycles

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to bicycles: Bicycle – pedal-driven, human-powered, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.

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Outline of cycling

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to cycling: Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, or for sport.

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Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.

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A pannier is a basket, bag, box, or similar container, carried in pairs either slung over the back of a beast of burden, or attached to the sides of a bicycle or motorcycle.

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A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to medical emergencies outside of a hospital.

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A patrol is commonly a group of personnel, such as law enforcement officers or military personnel, that are assigned to monitor a specific geographic area.

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The penny-farthing, also known as a high wheel, high wheeler and ordinary, was the first machine to be called a "bicycle".

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Physical fitness

Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being and, more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports, occupations and daily activities.

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Pierre Lallement

Pierre Lallement (October 25, 1843 – August 29, 1891) is considered by someNew York Times:, accessed July 18, 2010 to be the inventor of the pedal bicycle.

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Pierre Michaux

Pierre Michaux (June 25, 1813 – 1883) was a blacksmith who furnished parts for the carriage trade in Paris during the 1850s and 1860s.

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Planned obsolescence

Planned obsolescence, or built-in obsolescence, in industrial design and economics is a policy of planning or designing a product with an artificially limited useful life, so it will become obsolete (that is, unfashionable or no longer functional) after a certain period of time.

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Plymouth is a city situated on the south coast of Devon, England, approximately south-west of Exeter and west-south-west of London.

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Police bicycle

A police bicycle is a land vehicle used by police departments, most commonly in the form of a mountain bicycle.

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Poverty reduction

Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.

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Proceedings of the Royal Society

Proceedings of the Royal Society is the parent title of two scientific journals published by the Royal Society.

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A quadracycle is a four-wheeled human-powered land vehicle.

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Racing bicycle

A racing bicycle, also known as a road bike, and once popularly known as a ten speed, is a bicycle designed for competitive road cycling, a sport governed by according to the rules of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).

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Racing slick

A racing slick (also known as a "slick tyre") is a type of tyre that has a smooth tread used mostly in auto racing.

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Raleigh Bicycle Company

The Raleigh Bicycle Company is a bicycle manufacturer based in Nottingham, England.

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In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.

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Recumbent bicycle

A recumbent bicycle is a bicycle that places the rider in a laid-back reclining position.

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A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.

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A retroreflector (sometimes called a retroflector or cataphote) is a device or surface that reflects light back to its source with a minimum of scattering.

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Road bicycle

The term road bicycle is used to describe bicycles built for traveling at speed on paved roads.

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Road bicycle racing

Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads.

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Rodale, Inc.

Rodale, Inc. was an American publisher of health and wellness magazines, books, and digital properties.

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Roller chain

Roller chain or bush roller chain is the type of chain drive most commonly used for transmission of mechanical power on many kinds of domestic, industrial and agricultural machinery, including conveyors, wire- and tube-drawing machines, printing presses, cars, motorcycles, and bicycles.

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Rover Company

The Rover Company Limited was a British car manufacturing company that operated from its base in Solihull in Warwickshire.

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Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management

The mission of the Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management is to create and disseminate new ideas in transportation policy and planning that will foster greater economic development and opportunity in a more sustainable and just society.

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Safety bicycle

A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.

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Safety in numbers

Safety in numbers is the hypothesis that, by being part of a large physical group or mass, an individual is less likely to be the victim of a mishap, accident, attack, or other bad event.

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Scientific American

Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.

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Self-service is the practice of serving oneself, usually when purchasing items.

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The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth countries.

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Sidesaddle riding is a form of equestrianism that uses a type of saddle which allows a rider (usually female) to sit aside rather than astride an equine.

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Single-track vehicle

A single-track vehicle is a vehicle that leaves a single ground track as it moves forward.

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A spoke is one of some number of rods radiating from the center of a wheel (the hub where the axle connects), connecting the hub with the round traction surface.

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Stem (bicycle part)

The stem is the component on a bicycle that connects the handlebars to the steerer tube of the bicycle fork.

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Step-through frame

A step-through frame (a.k.a. open frame or low-step frame) is a type of bicycle frame, often used for utility bicycles, with a low or absent top tube or cross-bar.

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Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.

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The stoppie is a motorcycle and bicycle trick in which the back wheel is lifted and the bike is ridden on the front wheel by carefully applying brake pressure.

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Susan B. Anthony

Susan B. Anthony (February 15, 1820 – March 13, 1906) was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.

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Svea Velocipede

The Svea Velocipede was an early bicycle type invented in the 19th century by the Swedish brothers Fredrik Ljungström and Birger Ljungström.

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Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology

The Swedish National Museum of Science and Technology (Tekniska museet) is a Swedish museum in Stockholm.

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Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.

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Tall bike

A tall bike is an unusually tall bicycle often constructed by hobbyists from spare parts.

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Tandem, or in tandem, is an arrangement in which a team of machines, animals or people are lined up one behind another, all facing in the same direction.

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Tandem bicycle

The tandem bicycle or twin is a form of bicycle (occasionally a tricycle) designed to be ridden by more than one person.

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The Daily News (UK)

The Daily News was a national daily newspaper in the United Kingdom.

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The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.

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Thomas McCall

Thomas McCall (1834–1904) was a Scottish cartwright.

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Time trial

In many racing sports an athlete (or occasionally a team of athletes) will compete in a time trial against the clock to secure the fastest time.

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A tire (American English) or tyre (British English; see spelling differences) is a ring-shaped component that surrounds a wheel's rim to transfer a vehicle's load from the axle through the wheel to the ground and to provide traction on the surface traveled over.

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Tire iron

A tire iron (also tire lever or tire spoon) is a specialized metal tool used in working with tires.

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Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.

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Tour de France

The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.

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Tour de Pologne

The Tour de Pologne (French for "Tour of Poland"), official abbreviation TdP, is a road bicycle racing stage race.

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Touring bicycle

A touring bicycle is a bicycle designed or modified to handle bicycle touring.

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Toyota Corolla

The Toyota Corolla is a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by Toyota.

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Track bicycle

A track bicycle or track bike is a bicycle optimized for racing at a velodrome or outdoor track.

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Track cycling

Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles.

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Traffic congestion

Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.

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Training wheels

Training wheels (or stabilisers in British English) are an additional wheel or wheels mounted parallel to the rear wheel of a bicycle that assist learners until they have developed a usable sense of balance on the bicycle.

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Trampe bicycle lift

The Trampe bicycle lift (Sykkelheisen Trampe) was invented and installed in 1993 by Jarle Wanwik.

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A tricycle, often abbreviated to trike, is a human-powered (or gravity-powered) three-wheeled vehicle.

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Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.

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In engineering, a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object".

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Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.

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A unicycle is a vehicle that touches the ground with only one wheel.

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Union Cycliste Internationale

The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI;, International Cycling Union) is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Urban planning

Urban planning is a technical and political process concerned with the development and design of land use in an urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks.

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Utility bicycle

A utility bicycle is a bicycle designed for practical transportation, as opposed to those primarily for recreation and competition, such as touring bicycles, racing bicycles, and mountain bicycles.

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Utility cycling

Utility cycling encompasses any cycling done simply as a means of transport rather than as a sport or leisure activity.

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A vehicle (from vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo.

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Vehicle horn

A horn is a sound-making device that can be equipped to motor vehicles, buses, bicycles, trains, trams (a.k.a. streetcars in North America), and other types of vehicles.

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A velocipede is a human-powered land vehicle with one or more wheels.

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Venture capital

Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).

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Victorian dress reform

Victorian dress reform was an objective of the Victorian dress reform movement (also known as the rational dress movement) of the middle and late Victorian era, comprising various reformers who proposed, designed, and wore clothing considered more practical and comfortable than the fashions of the time.

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Vienna Convention on Road Traffic

The Convention on Road Traffic, commonly known as the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic, is an international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by establishing standard traffic rules among the contracting parties.

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Volta a Portugal

The Volta a Portugal em bicicleta is a long distance road bicycle race for professionals held in Portugal.

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Vuelta a España

The Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain) is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.

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Washer (hardware)

A washer is a thin plate (typically disk-shaped) with a hole (typically in the middle) that is normally used to distribute the load of a threaded fastener, such as a Bolt or nut.

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Weight distribution

Weight distribution is the apportioning of weight within a vehicle, especially cars, airplanes, and trains.

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Willie Hume

William "Willie" Hume (3 April 1862 – 1941The Bicycle, 12 Nov 1941, p6) was an Irish cyclist.

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Wire wheel

Wire wheels, wire-spoked wheels, tension-spoked wheels, or "suspension" wheels are wheels whose rims connect to their hubs by wire spokes.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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WNYC is the trademark, and a set of call letters shared by a pair of non-profit, noncommercial, public radio stations located in New York City and owned by New York Public Radio, a nonprofit organization that did business as WNYC RADIO until March 2013.

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Woman's Christian Temperance Union

The Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is an active temperance organization that was among the first organizations of women devoted to social reform with a program that "linked the religious and the secular through concerted and far-reaching reform strategies based on applied Christianity." It was influential in the temperance movement, and supported the 18th Amendment.

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Woman's Temperance Publishing Association

The Woman's Temperance Publishing Association (WTPA) was a non-commercial publisher of temperance literature.

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Women's suffrage

Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.

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World Bicycle Day

The World Bicycle Day is on 3 June.

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World Digital Library

The World Digital Library (WDL) is an international digital library operated by UNESCO and the United States Library of Congress.

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World's fair

A world's fair, world fair, world expo, universal exposition, or international exposition (sometimes expo or Expo for short) is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations.

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A wrench is a tool used to provide grip and mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn objects—usually rotary fasteners, such as nuts and bolts—or keep them from turning.

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Wright brothers

The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.

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Wright Cycle Company

The bicycle business of the Wright brothers, the Wright Cycle Company (originally the Wright Cycle Exchange) successively occupied six different locations in Dayton, Ohio.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bicycle

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