127 relations: Aerodynamics, Aerospace engineering, Alloy, Aluminium alloy, Bamboo bicycle, Beryllium, Bicycle, Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics, Bicycle and motorcycle geometry, Bicycle fork, Bicycle pump, Bicycle Torque Coupling, Bicycle wheel, Boron, Bottle cage, Bottom bracket, Bowden cable, Braze-on, Brazing, Cable guide, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cardboard bicycle, Casting (metalworking), Chromium, Cold-weather biking, Columbus (company), Crashworthiness, Cruiser bicycle, Deformation (mechanics), Density, Derailleur gears, Die casting, Downhill mountain biking, Dress, Eccentric (mechanism), Elastic modulus, Epoxy, Exploratorium, Fatigue (material), Fatigue limit, Fillet (mechanics), Folding bicycle, Fork end, Freight bicycle, Gas metal arc welding, Gas tungsten arc welding, Gearbox bicycle, Glossary of cycling, Graeme Obree, GT Bicycles, ..., Guy-wire, Headset (bicycle part), Humber Cycles, Hybrid bicycle, I-beam, Individual time trial, Kestrel USA, Lamination, League of American Bicyclists, List of bicycle parts, Lowrider bicycle, Lugged steel frame construction, Magnesium, Manganese, Metallurgy, Miter joint, Molding (process), Molybdenum, Monocoque, Motorcycle frame, Mountain bike, Notching, Paris–Roubaix, Pedersen bicycle, Penny-farthing, Pocket Bicycles, Precession (mechanical), Prone bicycle, Q factor (bicycles), Quick release skewer, Racing bicycle, Recumbent bicycle, Reynolds 531, Reynolds Technology, Road bicycle, Roadster (bicycle), Safety bicycle, Santa Cruz Bicycles, Scandium, Schwinn Bicycle Company, Seatpost, Sheldon Brown (bicycle mechanic), Shifter (bicycle part), Shock absorber, Skirt, Sociable, Softride, Specific gravity, Specific strength, Steel, Step-through frame, Stiffness, Strength of materials, Suspension (vehicle), Tandem bicycle, Thermoplastic, Time trial, Titanium, Titanium alloy, Tool steel, Track bicycle, Trek Bicycle Corporation, Triangle, Triathlon, Truss, Ultimate tensile strength, Union Cycliste Internationale, Utility bicycle, Volagi Cycles, Welding, Wheelie bike, Windsor Star, Wood, Zipp 2001, 41xx steel, 6061 aluminium alloy, 7005 aluminium alloy. Expand index (77 more) » « Shrink index
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
Aerospace engineering is the primary field of engineering concerned with the development of aircraft and spacecraft.
An alloy is a combination of metals or of a metal and another element.
Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal.
Bamboo bicycles are pedal-and-chain-driven, human-powered, single-track vehicles that have two wheels attached to a bamboo frame.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
Bicycle and motorcycle dynamics is the science of the motion of bicycles and motorcycles and their components, due to the forces acting on them.
Bicycle and motorcycle geometry is the collection of key measurements (lengths and angles) that define a particular bike configuration.
A bicycle fork is the part of a bicycle that holds the front wheel.
A bicycle pump is a type of positive-displacement air pump specifically designed for inflating bicycle tires.
An S and S Coupling also known as a Bicycle Torque Coupling or BTC is a coupling which enables bicycle frames to be separated into smaller pieces, usually to facilitate packing and transporting.
A bicycle wheel is a wheel, most commonly a wire wheel, designed for a bicycle.
Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5.
A bottle cage is device used to affix a water bottle to a bicycle.
The bottom bracket on a bicycle connects the crankset (chainset) to the bicycle and allows the crankset to rotate freely.
A Bowden cable is a type of flexible cable used to transmit mechanical force or energy by the movement of an inner cable relative to a hollow outer cable housing.
A braze-on is the name for any number of parts of a bicycle which have been permanently attached to the frame.
Brazing is a metal-joining process in which two or more metal items are joined together by melting and flowing a filler metal into the joint, the filler metal having a lower melting point than the adjoining metal.
A cable guide is a fitting or part of a bicycle frame which guides a piece of bare inner bowden cable around a corner.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
A cardboard bicycle is a bicycle composed mostly or entirely of cardboard.
In metalworking and jewellery making, casting is a process in which a liquid metal is somehow delivered into a mold (it is usually delivered by a crucible) that contains a hollow shape (i.e., a 3-dimensional negative image) of the intended shape.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
Cold-weather biking or winter biking is the use of a bicycle during months when roads and paths are covered with ice, slush and snow.
Columbus Tubi is a manufacturer of steel tubing used in bicycle frames, located in Settala, in the Province of Milan.
Crashworthiness is the ability of a structure to protect its occupants during an impact.
A cruiser bicycle, also known as a beach cruiser or (formerly) motobike, is a bicycle that usually combines balloon tires, an upright seating posture, a single-speed drivetrain, and straightforward steel construction with expressive styling.
Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
The density, or more precisely, the volumetric mass density, of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Derailleur gears are a variable-ratio transmission system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets of different sizes, and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another.
Die casting is a metal casting process that is characterized by forcing molten metal under high pressure into a mold cavity.
Downhill mountain biking (DH) is a genre of mountain biking practiced on steep, rough terrain that often features jumps, drops, rock gardens and other obstacles.
A dress (also known as a frock or a gown) is a garment consisting of a skirt with an attached bodice (or a matching bodice giving the effect of a one-piece garment).
In mechanical engineering, an eccentric is a circular disk (eccentric sheave) solidly fixed to a rotating axle with its centre offset from that of the axle (hence the word "eccentric", out of the centre).
An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
The Exploratorium is a museum in San Francisco that allows visitors to explore the world through science, art, and human perception.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
Fatigue limit, endurance limit, and fatigue strength are all expressions used to describe a property of materials: the amplitude (or range) of cyclic stress that can be applied to the material without causing fatigue failure.
In mechanical engineering, a fillet is a rounding of an interior or exterior corner of a part design.
A folding bicycle is a bicycle designed to fold into a compact form, facilitating transport and storage.
A fork end, fork-end, or forkend is a slot in a bicycle frame or bicycle fork where the axle of a bicycle wheel is attached.
Freight bicycles, carrier cycles, freight tricycles, cargo bikes, box bikes, or cycletrucks are human powered vehicles designed and constructed specifically for transporting loads.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW), sometimes referred to by its subtypes metal inert gas (MIG) welding or metal active gas (MAG) welding, is a welding process in which an electric arc forms between a consumable wire electrode and the workpiece metal(s), which heats the workpiece metal(s), causing them to melt and join.
Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), also known as tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding, is an arc welding process that uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce the weld.
A gearbox bicycle is a bicycle that uses a gearbox to convert torque and rotational speed from the power source, usually the rider's legs, to what is desired at the drive wheel.
This is a glossary of terms and jargon used in cycling, mountain biking, and cycle sport.
Graeme Obree (born 11 September 1965), nicknamed The Flying Scotsman, is a Scottish racing cyclist who twice broke the world hour record, in July 1993 and April 1994, and was the individual pursuit world champion in 1993 and 1995.
GT Bicycles designs and manufactures road, mountain, and bmx bicycles.
A guy-wire, guy-line, or guy-rope, also known as simply a guy, is a tensioned cable designed to add stability to a free-standing structure.
The headset is the set of components on a bicycle that provides a rotatable interface between the bicycle fork and the head tube of the bicycle frame.
Humber is an English brand of bicycle.
Hybrid bicycles blend characteristics from more specialized road bikes, touring bikes and mountain bikes.
An -beam, also known as H-beam (for universal column, UC), w-beam (for "wide flange"), universal beam (UB), rolled steel joist (RSJ), or double-T (especially in Polish, Bulgarian, Spanish, Italian and German), is a beam with an or H-shaped cross-section.
An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock on flat or rolling terrain, or up a mountain road such as Alpe d'Huez (in French: contre la montre – literally "against the watch", in Italian: tappa a cronometro "stopwatch stage").
Kestrel is an American bicycle brand which specializes in high-end bikes for triathlons and road racing.
Lamination is the technique of manufacturing a material in multiple layers, so that the composite material achieves improved strength, stability, sound insulation, appearance or other properties from the use of differing materials.
The League of American Bicyclists (LAB) is a non-profit membership organization which promotes cycling for fun, fitness and transportation through advocacy and education.
For other cycling related terms (besides parts) see Glossary of cycling.
A lowrider bicycle is a highly customized bicycle with styling inspired by lowrider cars.
Lugged steel frame construction is a method of building bicycle frames using steel tubing mated with socket-like sleeves, called lugs.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25.
Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.
A miter joint (mitre in British English), sometimes shortened to miter, is a joint made by beveling each of two parts to be joined, usually at a 45° angle, to form a corner, usually a 90° angle.
Molding or moulding (see spelling differences) is the process of manufacturing by shaping liquid or pliable raw material using a rigid frame called a mold or matrix.
Molybdenum is a chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42.
Monocoque, also structural skin, is a structural system where loads are supported through an object's external skin, similar to an egg shell.
A motorcycle frame is a motorcycle's core structure.
A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated Mtn Bike or MTB) is a bicycle designed for off-road cycling.
Notching is a metal-cutting process used on sheetmetal or thin barstock, sometimes on angle sections or tube.
The Paris–Roubaix is a one-day professional men's bicycle road race in northern France, starting north of Paris and finishing in Roubaix, at the border with Belgium.
The Pedersen bicycle, also called the Dursley Pedersen bicycle is a bicycle that was developed by Danish inventor Mikael Pedersen and produced in the English town of Dursley.
The penny-farthing, also known as a high wheel, high wheeler and ordinary, was the first machine to be called a "bicycle".
Pocket Bicycles was the name of a manufacturer of portable bicycles located in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the 1970s.
Precession, also called epicyclic fretting precession, (or more accurately hypocyclic fretting precession since "epicyclic" applies to a round part spinning outside a circle and "hypocyclic" applies to a round part spinning inside a circle) is the process of a round part in a round hole rotating with respect to that hole because of clearance between them and a radial force on the part that changes direction.
A prone bicycle is a bicycle which places the rider in a prone position.
The Q Factor of a bicycle is the distance between the pedal attachment points on the crank arms, when measured parallel to the bottom bracket axle.
A quick release skewer is a mechanism for attaching a wheel to a bicycle.
A racing bicycle, also known as a road bike, and once popularly known as a ten speed, is a bicycle designed for competitive road cycling, a sport governed by according to the rules of the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).
A recumbent bicycle is a bicycle that places the rider in a laid-back reclining position.
Reynolds 531 (pronounced 'five-three-one') is a brand name, registered to Reynolds Technology of Birmingham in the United Kingdom, for a manganese–molybdenum, medium-carbon steel tubing that was used in many quality applications, including race car chassis, aircraft components and, most famously, bicycle frame tubing.
Reynolds Technology is a manufacturer of tubing for bicycle frames and other bicycle components based in Birmingham, England established in 1898.
The term road bicycle is used to describe bicycles built for traveling at speed on paved roads.
A roadster bicycle, Encyclopædia Britannica - Frames.
A safety bicycle (or simply a safety) is a type of bicycle that became very popular beginning in the late 1880s as an alternative to the penny-farthing ("ordinary") and is now the most common type of bicycle.
Santa Cruz Bicycles is a manufacturer of high end mountain bikes based in Santa Cruz, California.
Scandium is a chemical element with symbol Sc and atomic number 21.
The Schwinn Bicycle Company was founded by German-born mechanical engineer Ignaz Schwinn (1860–1945) in Chicago in 1895.
A bicycle seatpost, seatpin, saddlepole, saddle pillar, or saddle pin is a tube that extends upwards from the bicycle frame to the saddle.
Sheldon Brown (July 14, 1944 – February 4, 2008) was an American bicycle mechanic, technical expert and author.
A bicycle shifter or gear control or gear levers is a component used to control the gearing mechanisms and select the desired gear ratio.
A shock absorber (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses.
A skirt is the lower part of a dress or gown, covering the person from the waist downwards, or a separate outer garment serving this purpose.
The Sociable or Buddy Bike or Side By Side Bicycle is a bicycle that supports two riders who sit side by side.
Softride was a manufacturer of bicycles located in Bellingham, Washington.
Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance; equivalently, it is the ratio of the mass of a substance to the mass of a reference substance for the same given volume.
The specific strength is a material's strength (force per unit area at failure) divided by its density.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
A step-through frame (a.k.a. open frame or low-step frame) is a type of bicycle frame, often used for utility bicycles, with a low or absent top tube or cross-bar.
Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.
Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two.
The tandem bicycle or twin is a form of bicycle (occasionally a tricycle) designed to be ridden by more than one person.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
In many racing sports an athlete (or occasionally a team of athletes) will compete in a time trial against the clock to secure the fastest time.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Titanium alloys are metals that contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements.
Tool steel refers to a variety of carbon and alloy steels that are particularly well-suited to be made into tools.
A track bicycle or track bike is a bicycle optimized for racing at a velodrome or outdoor track.
Trek Bicycle Corporation is a bicycle and cycling product manufacturer and distributor under brand names Trek, Electra Bicycle Company, Gary Fisher, Bontrager, Diamant Bikes, Villiger Bikes and, until 2008, LeMond Racing Cycles and Klein.
A triangle is a polygon with three edges and three vertices.
A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.
In engineering, a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object".
Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or Ftu within equations, is the capacity of a material or structure to withstand loads tending to elongate, as opposed to compressive strength, which withstands loads tending to reduce size.
The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI;, International Cycling Union) is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events.
A utility bicycle is a bicycle designed for practical transportation, as opposed to those primarily for recreation and competition, such as touring bicycles, racing bicycles, and mountain bicycles.
Volagi Cycles is an American based company that manufactures bicycles and related components.
Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.
A wheelie bike, also called a muscle bike, high-riser, spyder bike or banana bike, is a type of stylized children's bicycle designed in the 1960s to resemble a chopper motorcycle and characterized by ape hanger handlebars, a banana seat with sissy bar, and small wheels.
The Windsor Star is the regional daily newspaper of Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Zipp 2001 and 3001 were a line of bicycle frames, now discontinued, made by the Zipp company.
41xx steel is a family of SAE steel grades, as specified by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
6061 is a precipitation-hardened aluminum alloy, containing magnesium and silicon as its major alloying elements.
7005 is an aluminium alloy used primarily for less expensive bicycle frames, due to its relative ease of welding and manufacture, it not requiring expensive heat treating.
Bicycle frame construction, Bicycle frame size, Bicycle size, Bike frame, Chain stay, Chainstay, Diamond frame, Down tube, Downtube, Frame geometry, Frameset (bicycle), Seat Stay, Seat tube, Top tube.