30 relations: Alicante Bouschet, Ancient Rome, Asturias, Cabernet Sauvignon, Castile and León, Chardonnay, Cistercians, Denominación de Origen, Doña Blanca, Galicia (Spain), Gewürztraminer, Godello, Lugo, Malvasia, Mencia, Merlot, Middle Ages, Ourense, Oviedo, Palomino, Phylloxera, Pliny the Elder, Ponferrada, Province of León, Quartz, Regional climate levels in viticulture, Rootstock, Slate, Tempranillo, Vitis vinifera.
Alicante Bouschet or Alicante Henri Bouschet is a wine grape variety that has been widely cultivated since 1866.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Asturias (Asturies), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
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Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.
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Castile and León (Castilla y León; Leonese: Castiella y Llión; Castela e León; Castela e Leão) is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
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Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine.
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A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist or SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), a religious order of monks and nuns. They are variously called the Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though the term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania), or the White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cucculas worn by the Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of their monasteries. A reform movement seeking a simpler lifestyle started in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, which led to development of the Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. After that the followers of the older pattern of life became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially field-work, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century. In 1891 certain abbeys formed a new Order called Trappists (Ordo Cisterciensium Strictioris Observantiae – OCSO), which today exists as an order distinct from the Common Observance.
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Denominación de Origen (Designation of Origin – DO)In other languages of Spain.
Doña Blanca (Spanish "White Lady", also known as Portuguese Dona Branca) is a white Spanish and Portuguese wine grape variety that is grown primarily in the northwest Galicia region of Spain and throughout Portugal from the Douro northward.
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Galicia (or;; Galician and Portuguese: Galiza,, or) is an autonomous community in northwest Spain, with the official status of a historic nationality.
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Gewürztraminer p is an aromatic wine grape variety, used in white wines, and performs best in cooler climates.
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Godello is a white variety of wine grape grown in northwestern Spain, in particular in Galicia.
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Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain in the autonomous community of Galicia.
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Malvasia (also known as Malvazia) is a group of wine grape varieties grown historically in the Mediterranean region, Balearic islands, Canary Islands and the island of Madeira, but now grown in many of the winemaking regions of the world.
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Mencía is a Spanish grape variety primarily found in the northwestern part of the country.
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Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
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In European history, the Middle Ages or Medieval period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
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Ourense (Orense) is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of the same name in Galicia.
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Oviedo (Asturian: Uviéu) is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain and the administrative and commercial centre of the region.
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Palomino is a coat color in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white mane and tail.
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Grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch 1855); family Phylloxeridae); originally described in France as Phylloxera vastatrix; equated to the previously described Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, Phylloxera vitifoliae; commonly just called phylloxera (from Greek φύλλον, leaf, and ξερόν, dry) is a pest of commercial grapevines worldwide, originally native to eastern North America.
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Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23 – August 25, AD 79), better known as Pliny the Elder, was a Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire and personal friend of the emperor Vespasian.
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Ponferrada (from the Latin Pons Ferrata, Iron Bridge) is the capital city of El Bierzo in the Province of León, Spain.
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León is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
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Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust, after feldspar.
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In viticulture, there are several levels of regional climates that are used to describe the terroir or immutable characteristics of an area.
A rootstock is part of a plant, often an underground part, from which new above-ground growth can be produced.
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Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism.
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Tempranillo (also known as Ull de Llebre, Cencibel, Tinta del Pais and several other synonyms) is a black grape variety widely grown to make full-bodied red wines in its native Spain.
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Vitis vinifera (common grape vine) is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran.
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