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Big band

Index Big band

A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section. [1]

137 relations: Afro-Cuban jazz, Alto saxophone, American march music, Anna Mae Winburn, Anthony Braxton, Arrangement, Art Hickman, Artie Shaw, Ascension (John Coltrane album), Avant-garde jazz, B. A. Rolfe, Banjo, Baritone saxophone, Bassline, Battle of the Bands, Bebop, Ben Bernie, Bennie Moten, Benny Carter, Benny Goodman, Big band remote, Bill Challis, Billie Holiday, Blues, Bob Crosby, Bob Eberly, Boyd Raeburn, Brazilian jazz, Broadway theatre, Buddy Rich, Carla Bley, Casa Loma Orchestra, Charlie Barnet, Cherokee (Ray Noble song), Chick Webb, Clark Terry, Classical music, Coleman Hawkins, Cool jazz, Cotton Club, Count Basie, Dick Haymes, Dizzy Gillespie, Doc Severinsen, Don Ellis, Don Redman, Doris Day, Duke Ellington, Earl Hines, Ella Fitzgerald, ..., Ferde Grofé, Fletcher Henderson, Foxtrot, Frank Sinatra, Free jazz, French horn, Gene Krupa, Gil Evans, Gloria Parker, Groove (music), Guy Lombardo, Harry James, Helen Forrest, Helen O'Connell, Hour of Charm Orchestra, House band, Ina Ray Hutton, Italian Instabile Orchestra, Jack Teagarden, Jaco Pastorius, James Reese Europe, Jay McShann, Jazz, Jazz fusion, Jelly Roll Morton, Jesse Stone, Jimmie Lunceford, Jimmy Dorsey, Jimmy Rushing, Jitterbug, John Coltrane, Kansas City jazz, King Oliver, Lee de Forest, Les Brown (bandleader), Library of Congress, Lindy Hop, Lionel Hampton, List of big bands, Louis Armstrong, Monitor (NBC Radio), Musical ensemble, Orchestra, Paul Whiteman, Peggy Lee, Phil Spitalny, Phonofilm, Polka, Progressive music, Ragtime, Refrain, Rhythm section, Roseland Ballroom, Saxophone, Shep Fields, Stan Kenton, Strophic form, Sun Ra, Sunset Cafe, Swing (jazz performance style), Swing music, Swing revival, Tenor saxophone, The Hour of Charm, Thirty-two-bar form, Time signature, Timpani, Tin Pan Alley, Tommy Dorsey, Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band, Trombone, Trumpet, Tuba, Twelve-bar blues, Types of trombone, United Service Organizations, University of Chicago Press, Vaudeville, Vernon and Irene Castle, Vienna Art Orchestra, Walter Page, Waltz, Wellman Braud, Western swing, Woody Herman, World War II, 1942–44 musicians' strike. Expand index (87 more) »

Afro-Cuban jazz

Afro-Cuban jazz is the earliest form of Latin jazz.

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Alto saxophone

The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846.

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American march music

American march music is march music written and/or performed in the United States.

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Anna Mae Winburn

Anna Mae Winburn, née Darden (August 13, 1913 – September 30, 1999) was an African-American vocalist and jazz bandleader who flourished beginning in the mid-1930s.

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Anthony Braxton

Anthony Braxton (born June 4, 1945) is an American composer and multi-instrumentalist who is known in the genre of free jazz.

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In music, an arrangement is a musical reconceptualization of a previously composed work.

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Art Hickman

Arthur George Hickman (June 13, 1886 – January 16, 1930) was a drummer, pianist, and bandleader of one of the first big bands.

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Artie Shaw

Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, and actor.

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Ascension (John Coltrane album)

Ascension is a jazz album by John Coltrane recorded in 1965 and released in 1966.

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Avant-garde jazz

Avant-garde jazz (also known as avant-jazz) is a style of music and improvisation that combines avant-garde art music and composition with jazz.

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B. A. Rolfe

Benjamin Albert Rolfe (October 24, 1879 – April 23, 1956) was an American musician known as "The Boy Trumpet Wonder" who went on to be a bandleader, recording artist, radio personality, and film producer.

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The banjo is a four-, five- or six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head.

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Baritone saxophone

The baritone saxophone or "bari sax" is one of the largest members of the saxophone family, only being smaller than the bass, contrabass and subcontrabass saxophones.

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A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).

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Battle of the Bands

Battle of the Bands is a contest in which two or more bands compete for the title of "best band".

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Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.

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Ben Bernie

Ben Bernie (May 30, 1891 – October 23, 1943),DeLong, Thomas A. (1996).

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Bennie Moten

Benjamin "Bennie" Moten (November 13, 1894 – April 2, 1935) was an American jazz pianist and band leader born and raised in Kansas City, Missouri.

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Benny Carter

Bennett Lester Carter (August 8, 1907 – July 12, 2003) was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, trumpeter, composer, arranger, and bandleader.

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Benny Goodman

Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".

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Big band remote

A big band remote (a.k.a. dance band remote) was a remote broadcast, popular on radio during the 1930s and 1940s, involving a coast-to-coast live transmission of a big band.

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Bill Challis

William H. "Bill" Challis (Jul 8, 1904, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania - October 4, 1994, Harveys Lake, Pennsylvania) was an American jazz arranger, best known for his association with the Paul Whiteman orchestra.

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Billie Holiday

Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years.

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Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century.

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Bob Crosby

George Robert Crosby (August 23, 1913 – March 9, 1993) was an American jazz singer and bandleader, known for his group the Bob-Cats.

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Bob Eberly

Bob Eberly (July 24, 1916 – November 17, 1981) was a big band vocalist best known for his association with Jimmy Dorsey and his duets with Helen O'Connell.

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Boyd Raeburn

Boyd Albert Raeburn (October 27, 1913 – August 2, 1966) was an American jazz bandleader and bass saxophonist. His big band, which was active ca. 1944-1947, performed arrangements that were often quite avant-garde, like the arrangements of Stan Kenton during the same period. The compositions arranged by George Handy were the most contemporary, utilizing dissonance somewhat in the manner of Igor Stravinsky. He attended the University of Chicago, where he led a campus band but eventually left the music industry to pursue business interests in New York and the Bahamas.

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Brazilian jazz

Brazilian Jazz can refer to both a genre, largely influenced by Bossa nova, that exists in many nations and the jazz music of Brazil itself.

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Broadway theatre

Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.

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Buddy Rich

Bernard "Buddy" Rich (September 30, 1917 – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader.

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Carla Bley

Carla Bley (née Lovella May Borg; born May 11, 1936) is an American jazz composer, pianist, organist and bandleader.

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Casa Loma Orchestra

The Casa Loma Orchestra was an American dance band active from 1927 to 1963.

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Charlie Barnet

Charles Daly Barnet (October 26, 1913 – September 4, 1991) was an American jazz saxophonist, composer, and bandleader.

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Cherokee (Ray Noble song)

"Cherokee" (also known as "Cherokee (Indian Love Song)") is a jazz standard written by Ray Noble and published in 1938.

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Chick Webb

William Henry "Chick" Webb (February 10, 1905 – June 16, 1939) was an American jazz and swing music drummer as well as a band leader.

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Clark Terry

Clark Virgil Terry Jr. (December 14, 1920 – February 21, 2015) was an American swing and bebop trumpeter, a pioneer of the flugelhorn in jazz, composer, educator, and NEA Jazz Masters inductee.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Coleman Hawkins

Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.

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Cool jazz

Cool jazz is a style of modern jazz music that arose in the United States after World War II.

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Cotton Club

The Cotton Club was a New York City nightclub located in Harlem on 142nd Street and Lenox Avenue from 1923 to 1935, then briefly in the midtown Theater District from 1936 to 1940.

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Count Basie

William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.

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Dick Haymes

Richard Benjamin "Dick" Haymes (September 13, 1918 – March 28, 1980) was an Argentine actor and singer.

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Dizzy Gillespie

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer, and singer.

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Doc Severinsen

Carl Hilding "Doc" Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American jazz trumpeter who led the band for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

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Don Ellis

Donald Johnson Ellis (July 25, 1934 – December 17, 1978) was an American jazz trumpeter, drummer, composer, and bandleader.

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Don Redman

Donald Matthew Redman (July 29, 1900 – November 30, 1964) was an American jazz musician, arranger, bandleader, and composer.

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Doris Day

Doris Day (born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff; April 3, 1922) is an American actress, singer, and animal welfare activist.

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Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.

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Earl Hines

Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader.

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Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.

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Ferde Grofé

Ferde Grofé (March 27, 1892 April 3, 1972) was an American composer, arranger, pianist and instrumentalist.

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Fletcher Henderson

James Fletcher Hamilton Henderson Jr. (December 18, 1897 – December 29, 1952) was an American pianist, bandleader, arranger and composer, important in the development of big band jazz and swing music.

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The foxtrot is a smooth, progressive dance characterized by long, continuous flowing movements across the dance floor.

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Frank Sinatra

Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.

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Free jazz

Free jazz is an approach to jazz music that was first developed in the 1950s and 60s as musicians attempted to alter, extend, or break down jazz convention, often by discarding fixed chord changes or tempos.

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French horn

The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

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Gene Krupa

Eugene Bertram Krupa (January 15, 1909 – October 16, 1973) was an American jazz and big band drummer, band leader, actor, and composer.

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Gil Evans

Ian Ernest Gilmore "Gil" Evans (born Green; May 13, 1912 – March 20, 1988) was a Canadian jazz pianist, arranger, composer and bandleader.

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Gloria Parker

Gloria Parker is an American musician and bandleader who had a radio show during the big band era.

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Groove (music)

In music, groove is the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or sense of "swing".

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Guy Lombardo

Gaetano Alberto "Guy" Lombardo (June 19, 1902 – November 5, 1977) was a Canadian-American bandleader and violinist of Italian descent.

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Harry James

Harry Haag James (March 15, 1916 – July 5, 1983) was an American musician who is best known as a trumpet playing band leader who led a big band from 1939 to 1946.

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Helen Forrest

Helen Forrest (April 12, 1917 – July 11, 1999) was an American singer of traditional pop and swing music.

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Helen O'Connell

Helen O'Connell (May 23, 1920 – September 9, 1993) was an American singer, actress, and hostess, sometimes described as "the quintessential big band singer of the 1940s".

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Hour of Charm Orchestra

The Hour of Charm Orchestra was an American musical group led by Phil Spitalny.

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House band

A house band is a group of musicians, often centrally organized by a band leader, who regularly play at an establishment.

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Ina Ray Hutton

Odessa Cowan, better known by her stage name Ina Ray Hutton (March 13, 1916 – February 19, 1984), was an American vocalist, bandleader, and the sister of June Hutton.

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Italian Instabile Orchestra

The Italian Instabile Orchestra (IIO) is an eighteen piece experimental big band that performs orchestral jazz and avant-garde jazz.

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Jack Teagarden

Weldon Leo "Jack" Teagarden (August 20, 1905 – January 15, 1964) was a jazz trombonist and singer.

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Jaco Pastorius

John Francis Anthony "Jaco" Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz bassist who was a member of Weather Report from 1976 to 1981.

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James Reese Europe

James Reese Europe (February 22, 1880 – May 9, 1919), sometimes known as Jim Europe, was an American ragtime and early jazz bandleader, arranger, and composer.

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Jay McShann

James Columbus "Jay" McShann (January 12, 1916 – December 7, 2006) was a jazz pianist and bandleader.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jazz fusion

Jazz fusion (also known as fusion) is a musical genre that developed in the late 1960s when musicians combined aspects of jazz harmony and improvisation with styles such as funk, rock, rhythm and blues, and Latin jazz.

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Jelly Roll Morton

Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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Jesse Stone

Jesse Albert Stone (November 16, 1901 – April 1, 1999) was an American rhythm and blues musician and songwriter whose influence spanned a wide range of genres.

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Jimmie Lunceford

James Melvin Lunceford (June 6, 1902 – July 12, 1947) was an American jazz alto saxophonist and bandleader in the swing era.

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Jimmy Dorsey

James Dorsey (February 29, 1904 – June 12, 1957) was a prominent American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, composer and big band leader.

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Jimmy Rushing

James Andrew Rushing (August 26, 1901 – June 8, 1972) was an American blues shouter, balladeer, swing jazz singer, and pianist from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, best known as the featured vocalist of Count Basie's Orchestra from 1935 to 1948.

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The jitterbug is a kind of dance popularized in the United States in the early 20th century, and is associated with various types of swing dances such as the Lindy Hop, jive, and East Coast Swing.

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John Coltrane

John William Coltrane, also known as "Trane" (September 23, 1926 – July 17, 1967),.

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Kansas City jazz

Kansas City jazz is a style of jazz that developed in Kansas City during the 1930s and marked the transition from the structured big band style to the musical improvisation style of Bebop.

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King Oliver

Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, 1885 – April 10, 1938) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader.

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Lee de Forest

Lee de Forest (August 26, 1873 – June 30, 1961) was an American inventor, self-described "Father of Radio", and a pioneer in the development of sound-on-film recording used for motion pictures.

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Les Brown (bandleader)

Lester Raymond Brown (March 14, 1912 – January 4, 2001) was an American jazz musician who led the big band Les Brown and His Band of Renown for nearly seven decades from 1938 to 2000.

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Lindy Hop

The Lindy hop is an American dance which was born in Harlem, New York City in 1928 and has evolved since then with the jazz music of that time.

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Lionel Hampton

Lionel Leo Hampton (April 20, 1908 – August 31, 2002) was an American jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor.

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List of big bands

While the Big Band Era suggests that big bands flourished for a short period, they have been a part of jazz music since their emergence in the 1920s when white concert bands adopted the rhythms and musical forms of small African-American jazz combos.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.

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Monitor (NBC Radio)

Monitor was an American weekend radio program broadcast from June 12, 1955 until January 26, 1975.

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Musical ensemble

A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name.

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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Paul Whiteman

Paul Samuel Whiteman (March 28, 1890 – December 29, 1967) was an American bandleader, composer, orchestral director, and violinist.

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Peggy Lee

Norma Deloris Egstrom (May 26, 1920 – January 21, 2002) known professionally as Peggy Lee, was an American jazz and popular music singer, songwriter, composer, and actress, in a career spanning six decades.

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Phil Spitalny

Phil Spitalny (November 7, 1890 – October 11, 1970) was a musician, music critic, composer, and bandleader heard often on radio during the 1930s–40s.

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Phonofilm is an optical sound-on-film system developed by inventors Lee de Forest and Theodore Case in the 1920s.

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The polka is originally a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas.

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Progressive music

Progressive music is music that subverts genre and results in the expansion of stylistic boundaries.

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Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.

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A refrain (from Vulgar Latin refringere, "to repeat", and later from Old French refraindre) is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song.

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Rhythm section

A rhythm section (also called a backup band) is a group of musicians within a music ensemble or band who provide the underlying rhythm, harmony and pulse of the accompaniment, providing a rhythmic and harmonic reference and "beat" for the rest of the band.

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Roseland Ballroom

The Roseland Ballroom was a multipurpose hall, in a converted ice skating rink, with a colorful ballroom dancing pedigree, in New York City's theater district, on West 52nd Street in Manhattan.

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The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

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Shep Fields

Shep Fields (September 12, 1910 – February 23, 1981) was the band leader for the "Shep Fields and His Rippling Rhythm" orchestra during the Big Band era of the 1930s.

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Stan Kenton

Stanley Newcomb Kenton (December 15, 1911 – August 25, 1979) was an American popular music and jazz artist.

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Strophic form

Strophic form, also called verse-repeating or chorus form, is the term applied to songs in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music.

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Sun Ra

Sun Ra (born Herman Poole Blount, legal name Le Sony'r Ra; May 22, 1914 – May 30, 1993) was an American jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, and poet known for his experimental music, "cosmic" philosophy, prolific output, and theatrical performances.

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Sunset Cafe

The Sunset Cafe, also known as The Grand Terrace Cafe, was a jazz club in Chicago, Illinois operating during the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s.

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Swing (jazz performance style)

In music, the term swing has two main uses.

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Swing music

Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Swing revival

The swing revival, also called retro swing and neo-swing, was a renewed interest in swing music, beginning in the 1990s.

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Tenor saxophone

The Tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s.

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The Hour of Charm

The Hour of Charm is an American old-time radio music program.

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Thirty-two-bar form

The thirty-two-bar form, also known as the AABA song form, American popular song form and the ballad form, is a song structure commonly found in Tin Pan Alley songs and other American popular music, especially in the first half of the 20th century.

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Time signature

The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each measure (bar) and which note value is equivalent to one beat.

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Timpani or kettledrums (also informally called timps) are musical instruments in the percussion family.

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Tin Pan Alley

Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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Tommy Dorsey

Thomas Francis Dorsey Jr. (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist, composer, conductor and bandleader of the Big Band era.

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Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band

The Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band was a 16 piece jazz big band created by pianist Toshiko Akiyoshi and tenor saxophone/flutist Lew Tabackin in Los Angeles in 1973.

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The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.

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A trumpet is a brass instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.

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The tuba is the largest and lowest-pitched musical instrument in the brass family.

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Twelve-bar blues

The twelve-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music.

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Types of trombone

There are many different types of trombone.

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United Service Organizations

The United Service Organizations Inc. (USO) is a nonprofit organization that provides live entertainment, such as comedians and musicians, and other programs to members of the United States Armed Forces and their families.

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University of Chicago Press

The University of Chicago Press is the largest and one of the oldest university presses in the United States.

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Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.

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Vernon and Irene Castle

Vernon and Irene Castle were a husband-and-wife team of ballroom dancers and dance teachers who appeared on Broadway and in silent films early in the early 20th century.

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Vienna Art Orchestra

The Vienna Art Orchestra was a European jazz group based in Vienna, Austria.

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Walter Page

Walter Sylvester Page (February 9, 1900 – December 20, 1957) was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist and bandleader, best known for his groundbreaking work as a double bass player with Walter Page's Blue Devils and the Count Basie Orchestra.

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The waltz is a ballroom and folk dance, normally in time, performed primarily in closed position.

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Wellman Braud

Wellman Braud (January 25, 1891 – October 29, 1966) was an American jazz upright bassist.

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Western swing

Western swing music is a subgenre of American country music that originated in the late 1920s in the West and South among the region's Western string bands.

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Woody Herman

Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913 – October 29, 1987) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, singer, and big band leader.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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1942–44 musicians' strike

On August 1, 1942, the American Federation of Musicians, at the instigation of union president James Petrillo, began a strike against the major American recording companies because of disagreements over royalty payments.

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Big Band, Big Band Era, Big Band Jazz, Big Band music, Big band era, Big band music, Big bands, Big-band, Big-band jazz, Bigband, Experimental Big Band, Jazz orchestra.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_band

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