382 relations: Aj (newspaper), Ajatashatru, All India Council for Technical Education, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, All India Kisan Sabha, Ancient higher-learning institutions, Ancient history, Anga, Angika, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Arrah, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Ashoka, Assam, Aurangzeb, Bagmati River, Bajjika, Banaili, Bandish, Banten, Battle of Buxar, Bazaar, Begusarai, Begusarai district, Bengal, Bengal Presidency, Bettiah, Bhagalpur, Bhagalpur College of Engineering, Bhagalpur district, Bhaiyaa, Bharat Ratna, Bharatiya Janata Party, Bhojpur district, Bihar, Bhojpuri cinema, Bhojpuri language, Bhojpuri region, Bibliography of India, Bicameralism, Bidesiya, Bihar and Orissa Province, Bihar Diwas, Bihar Legislative Assembly, Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Bihar Legislative Council, Bihar Sharif, Bihari cuisine, Bihari culture, Bihari languages, ..., Biharis, Bihta, Bimbisara, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Birla Institute of Technology, Patna, Bismillah Khan, Bodh Gaya, Bodhi, Bollywood, Boswellia serrata, Brahman, Brahmin, British Raj, Buddhism, Burhi Gandak River, Business Standard, Cambridge University Press, Carlsberg Group, Census of India, Central Development Region, Nepal, Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology, Hajipur, Central University (India), Central University of South Bihar, Champapuri, Champaran, Champaran Satyagraha, Chanakya National Law University, Chandragupt Institute of Management, Chandragupta Maurya, Chhapra, Chief minister, Chirand, Chola dynasty, Christianity, Christopher Bayly, Climate of India, Climatic regions of India, Cobra Beer, Communist Party of India, Dainik Jagran, Darbhanga, Darbhanga Airport, Darbhanga district, Darbhanga Gharana, Delhi, Devanagari, Dhrupad, Diospyros melanoxylon, Durga, East India, East India Company, Eastern Development Region, Nepal, Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India, Elections in Bihar, Engineering education, Fiji, Fine art, Firstpost, Flora, Freight equalisation policy, Gajendra Thakur, Gandaki River, Ganga (1965 film), Ganga Devi (painter), Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo, Ganges, Gautama Buddha, Gaya Airport, Gaya district, Gaya, India, Geography of Nepal, Goddess, Government of Bihar, Government of India, Gross domestic product, Gunga Jumna, Gupta, Guru Gobind Singh, Hajipur, Haryanka dynasty, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Himalayas, Hindi, Hindi Belt, Hindu, Hinduism, Hindustan (newspaper), Hindustan Times, Hindustani Awam Morcha, Hindustani classical music, History of India, Hot spring, Human Development Index, Index of India-related articles, India, Indian Administrative Service, Indian epic poetry, Indian Forest Service, Indian Institute of Management Bodh Gaya, Indian Institute of Technology Patna, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian National Congress, Indian philosophy, Indian Police Service, Indian Standard Time, Indigo, Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-Gangetic Plain, Indonesia, Indradeep Sinha, Institute of Hotel Management, Hajipur, Islam, ISO 3166-2:IN, Jagaddala Mahavihara, Jainism, Janaka, Janata Dal (United), Jasraj, Jay Prakash Narayan Airport, Jharkhand, Judiciary, Kanyadan (film), Kathmandu Valley, Katihar, Katihar district, Köppen climate classification, Kesarbai Kerkar, Khair, Kingdom of the Videhas, Koshi River, Krishna, Laagi Nahi Chhute Ram, Lakshmi, Lalu Prasad Yadav, List of Chief Ministers of Bihar, List of Deputy Chief Ministers of Bihar, List of districts of Bihar, List of governors of Bihar, List of high courts in India, List of Institutes of National Importance, List of people from Bihar, List of politicians from Bihar, List of states and union territories of India by area, List of states and union territories of India by population, LIT Verlag, Literacy, Literacy in India, Lok Janshakti Party, Lucknow, Madhepura, Madhubani, India, Madhubani/Mithila Painting, Madhuca longifolia, Magadha, Magahi language, Maharashtra, Mahasundari Devi, Mahatma Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi Central University, Mahavira, Maithili language, Maithili music, Manmath Nath Gupta, Manoj Tiwari, Marathi people, Mauritius, Maurya Empire, Mica, Michael Witzel, Minhaj-i-Siraj, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Mint (newspaper), Mithila, Mithila (region), Mithila Makhaan, Mithila, India, Monument, Motihari, Mughal painting, Mughal-e-Azam, Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, Munger, Munger district, Munshiram Manoharlal, Murshidabad, Muslim, Muzaffarpur, Muzaffarpur Airport, Muzaffarpur district, Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology, N. 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Aj (आज meaning "Today") is a Hindi language daily broadsheet newspaper in India, currently published from 12 cities in Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand states.
Ajatashatru (Pali: Ajātasattu; Kunika; or early 4th century BCE) was a king of the Haryanka dynasty of Magadha in North India.
The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the statutory body and a national-level council for technical education, under Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna (AIIMS Patna) (officially Jayaprakash Narayan All India Institute of Medical Sciences) is a medical college and medical research public university based in Patna, Bihar, India.
The All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) are a group of autonomous public medical colleges of higher education.
All India Kisan Sabha (All India Peasants Union, also known as the Akhil Bharatiya Kisan Sabha), was the name of the peasants front of the undivided Communist Party of India, an important peasant movement formed by Sahajanand Saraswati in 1936.
A variety of ancient higher-learning institutions were developed in many cultures to provide institutional frameworks for scholarly activities.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
Anga was an ancient Indian kingdom that flourished on the eastern Indian subcontinent and one of the sixteen mahajanapadas ("large state").
Angika (अंगिका) or Chhika-Chhiki is a language spoken primarily in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and the Terai region of Nepal.
Arrah is a city and a municipal corporation in Bhojpur district in the state of Bihar, India.
Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU) is collegiate public state university located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Ashoka (died 232 BCE), or Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty, who ruled almost all of the Indian subcontinent from to 232 BCE.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad (محي الدين محمد) (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known by the sobriquet Aurangzeb (اَورنگزیب), (اورنگزیب "Ornament of the Throne") or by his regnal title Alamgir (عالمگِیر), (عالمگير "Conqueror of the World"), was the sixth, and widely considered the last effective Mughal emperor.
The Bagmati River runs through the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal and separates Kathmandu from Patan.
Bajjika is a language spoken in eastern India, considered by some to be a dialect of the Maithili language.
Banaili was a zamindari estate based in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bandish, cheez or gat is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.
Banten is the westernmost province on the island of Java, in Indonesia.
The Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764 between the forces under the command of the British East India Company led by Hector Munro and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, Nawab of Bengal till 1763; the Nawab of Awadh; and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.
A bazaar is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold.
Begusarai town is the administrative headquarters of Begusarai district, which is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.
Begusarai District is one of the thirty-eight districts of the Indian state of Bihar.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
The Bengal Presidency was once the largest subdivision (presidency) of British India, with its seat in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Bettiah is a city and administrative headquarters of West Champaran district (Tirhut Division) - (Tirhut), near Indo-Nepal border, 225 kilometres north-west of Patna, in Bihar state of India.
Bhagalpur is a city of historical importance on the southern banks of the river Ganges in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bhagalpur College of Engineering (Devanāgarī: भागलपुर अभियंत्रण महाविद्यालय) (BCE Bhagalpur), is one of the best government technical institution established in 1960 in Bhagalpur, Bihar, India.
Bhagalpur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Bhagalpur town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
Bhaiyaa is Magahi language film released in 1961 directed by Phani Majumdar.
The Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (translation: Indian People's Party; BJP) is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress.
Bhojpur district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in northern India.
Bhojpuri cinema Bhojiwood refers to films produced in the Bhojpuri language in the western Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Madhesh in southern Nepal.
Bhojpuri is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Northern-Eastern part of India and the Terai region of Nepal.
The Bhojpuri region is an area encompassing parts of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in northern India and the Bara and Parsa districts of Nepal where the Bhojpuri language is spoken as a mother tongue language.
This is a bibliography of notable works about India.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Bidesiya is Bhojpuri film released in 1963 directed by S.N. Tripathi produced by Bachubhai Shah.
Bihar and Orissa was a province of British India which included the present-day Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and a part of Odisha.
Bihar Diwas (Bihar Day) is observed every year on March 22, marking the formation of the state of Bihar.
The Bihar Legislative Assembly, also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Bihar.
The Legislative Assembly election was held over five-phases in Bihar through October–November 2015 before the end of the tenure of the prior Legislative Assembly of Bihar on 29 November 2015.
Bihar Vidhan Parishad, also known as Bihar Legislative Council, is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the state of Bihar in India.
Bihar Sharif is the headquarters of Nalanda district and the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan area in the eastern Indian state of Bihar.
Bihari cuisine (बिहारी खाना, بِہاری کھانا) is eaten mainly in Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Bangladesh, Nepal, Mauritius, South Africa, Fiji, some cities of Pakistan, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Jamaica, and the Caribbean, as these are the places where people originating from the state of Bihar are present.
The culture of Bihar, an eastern state of India, includes various unique forms of literature, cuisine, performing and visual arts and festivals.
Bihari is the western group of Eastern Indo-Aryan languages, mainly spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh and also in Nepal.
The Biharis is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of Bihar.
Bihta is a fastest growing township in patna ￼￼district Indian state of Bihar.
Bimbisara (c. 558 – c. 491 BC or during the late 5th century BC) also known as Seniya or Shrenika in the Jain histories was a King of Magadha (V. K. Agnihotri (ed.), Indian History. Allied Publishers, New Delhi 262010, f. or c. 400 BC) and belonged to the Haryanka dynasty.
Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra (BIT Mesra) is an Indian institute of higher education and a deemed University under Section 3 of the UGC Act.
Birla Institute of Technology, Patna is an educational centre offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses located in Patna, Bihar, India.
Ustad Bismillah Khan (21 March 1916 – 21 August 2006) (born as Qamaruddin Khan), often referred to by the honorific title Ustad, was an Indian musician credited with popularizing the shehnai, a subcontinental wind instrument of the oboe class.
Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Bodhi (Sanskrit: बोधि; Pali: bodhi) in Buddhism traditionally is translated into English with the term enlightenment, although its literal meaning is closer to "awakening".
Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in the city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Maharashtra, India.
Boswellia serrata is a plant that produces Indian frankincense, Salai, referred to in Sanskrit as shallaki and in Latin as Olibanum Indicum.
In Hinduism, Brahman connotes the highest Universal Principle, the Ultimate Reality in the universe.P. T. Raju (2006), Idealistic Thought of India, Routledge,, page 426 and Conclusion chapter part XII In major schools of Hindu philosophy, it is the material, efficient, formal and final cause of all that exists.For dualism school of Hinduism, see: Francis X. Clooney (2010), Hindu God, Christian God: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries between Religions, Oxford University Press,, pages 51–58, 111–115;For monist school of Hinduism, see: B. Martinez-Bedard (2006), Types of Causes in Aristotle and Sankara, Thesis – Department of Religious Studies (Advisors: Kathryn McClymond and Sandra Dwyer), Georgia State University, pages 18–35 It is the pervasive, genderless, infinite, eternal truth and bliss which does not change, yet is the cause of all changes. Brahman as a metaphysical concept is the single binding unity behind diversity in all that exists in the universe. Brahman is a Vedic Sanskrit word, and it is conceptualized in Hinduism, states Paul Deussen, as the "creative principle which lies realized in the whole world". Brahman is a key concept found in the Vedas, and it is extensively discussed in the early Upanishads.Stephen Philips (1998), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Brahman to Derrida (Editor; Edward Craig), Routledge,, pages 1–4 The Vedas conceptualize Brahman as the Cosmic Principle. In the Upanishads, it has been variously described as Sat-cit-ānanda (truth-consciousness-bliss) and as the unchanging, permanent, highest reality. Brahman is discussed in Hindu texts with the concept of Atman (Soul, Self), personal, impersonal or Para Brahman, or in various combinations of these qualities depending on the philosophical school. In dualistic schools of Hinduism such as the theistic Dvaita Vedanta, Brahman is different from Atman (soul) in each being.Michael Myers (2000), Brahman: A Comparative Theology, Routledge,, pages 124–127 In non-dual schools such as the Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is identical to the Atman, is everywhere and inside each living being, and there is connected spiritual oneness in all existence.Arvind Sharma (2007), Advaita Vedānta: An Introduction, Motilal Banarsidass,, pages 19–40, 53–58, 79–86.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Budhi Gandak River (Nepali:बुडी गण्डकी खोला) is a tributary of the Ganges.
Business Standard is the third largest Indian English-language daily newspaper published by Business Standard Ltd (BSL) in two languages, English and Hindi.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Carlsberg A/S is a global brewer.
The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times,.
The Central Development Region (Nepali: मध्यमाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र, Madhyamānchal Bikās Kshetra) was one of Nepal's five development regions.
The Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (or CIPET) is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers (India).
Central universities or union universities in India are established by an Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry.
The Central University of South Bihar (CUSB) is one of the sixteen newly established Central Universities by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009).
Champapuri is a village in Narkatiaganj Subdivision region West Champaran district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India.
The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917, in the Champaran district of Bihar, India during the period of the British Raj, was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Mohandas Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement.
Chanakya National Law University (CNLU) is an autonomous law school in Patna, Bihar, India.
Chandragupt Institute of Management Patna (CIMP) was established in 2008 as an autonomous institution under the Societies Act, with active support from the government of Bihar.
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–297 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India.
Chhapra (Chapra) is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar.
A chief minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national entity, for instance a administrative subdivision or federal constituent entity.
Chirand is a archaeological site in the Saran district of Bihar, India, situated on the northern bank of the Ganga River.
The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Sir Christopher Alan Bayly, FBA, FRSL (18 May 1945 – 18 April 2015) was a British historian specializing in British Imperial, Indian and global history.
The Climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult.
India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size.
Cobra Beer is a beer brand manufactured in the United Kingdom and India.
The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Bhāratīya Kamyunisṭ Pārṭī) is a communist party in India.
Dainik Jagran (दैनिक जागरण, Daily Awakening) is an Indian Hindi language daily newspaper.
Darbhanga was, as of 2011, the sixth-largest urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Bihar with a population of nearly three lakh people.
Darbhanga Airport is a domestic/international airport in Darbhanga, Bihar, India which was an international/domestic airport and was operated before the patna airport was made.This Airport Has The Longest Runway In North-East India.
Darbhanga district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India, and Darbhanga city is the administrative headquarters of this district and 5th largest city of Bihar as well.
The Darbhanga Gharana is a style of singing that follows the Dhrupad tradition of Hindustani music.
Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
Devanagari (देवनागरी,, a compound of "''deva''" देव and "''nāgarī''" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group,, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal.
Dhrupad is a genre in Hindustani classical music.
Diospyros melanoxylon, the Coromandel ebony or East Indian ebony, is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae native to India and Sri Lanka; it has a hard, dry bark.
Durga, also identified as Adi Parashakti, Devī, Shakti, Bhavani, Parvati, Amba and by numerous other names, is a principal and popular form of Hindu goddess.
East India is a region of India consisting of the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and also the union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to trade with the East Indies (in present-day terms, Maritime Southeast Asia), but ended up trading mainly with Qing China and seizing control of large parts of the Indian subcontinent.
The Eastern Development Region (Nepali: पुर्वाञ्चल विकास क्षेत्र, Purwānchal Bikās Kshetra) was one of Nepal's five development regions.
The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India lists the official languages of the Republic of India.
Elections in Bihar state, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India.
Engineering education is the activity of teaching knowledge and principles to the professional practice of engineering.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Firstpost is an Indian news and media website.
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native plant life.
Freight equalisation policy was adopted by the government of India to facilitate the equal growth of industry all over the country.
Gajendra Thakur (born 1971) is an Indian author.
The Gandaki River (also known as the Narayani and the Gandak) is one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India.
Ganga is a 1965 Bhojpuri film directed by Kundan Kumar.
Ganga Devi (1928-1991) was an Indian painter, considered by many as one of the leading exponents of Madhubani painting tradition.
Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo is a Bhojpuri film released in 1963 directed by Kundan Kumar.
The Ganges, also known as Ganga, is a trans-boundary river of Asia which flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh.
Gautama Buddha (c. 563/480 – c. 483/400 BCE), also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha, after the title of Buddha, was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded.
Gaya Airport, also known as Bodhgaya Airport, is a public airport serving Gaya, Bihar, India.
Gaya is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.
Gaya is a city of ancient historical and mythological significance.
Nepal measures about along its Himalayan axis by across.
A goddess is a female deity.
The Government of Bihar, known locally as the State Government, is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of Bihar and its 9 divisions which consist of 38 districts.
The Government of India (IAST), often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Gunga Jumna (also transliterated as Ganga Jamuna or Ganga Jamna) is a 1961 Indian dacoit crime drama film, produced in Technicolor.
Gupta (Devanagari: गुप्त) is a common surname of Indian origin.
Guru Gobind Singh (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ) (5 January 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher.
Hajipur (Hājīpur) is the largest city and headquarters of Vaishali district of Tirhut Division in the Indian state of Bihar.
The Haryanka dynasty was the second ruling dynasty of Magadha, an ancient kingdom in India, which succeeded the mythological Barhadratha dynasty.
Hazari Prasad Dwivedi (19 August 190719 May 1979) was a Hindi novelist, literary historian, essayist, critic and scholar.
The Himalayas, or Himalaya, form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
The Hindi Belt or Hindi Desh, sometimes referred to as the Hindi-Urdu Region, is a linguistic region in north-central India where Hindi (including its dialects) and Urdu are widely spoken.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.
Hindustan Dainik or 'Hindustan' is an Indian Hindi-language daily newspaper and the third-largest circulated newspaper in India.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Hindustani Awam Morcha (translation: Indian People's Front; abbreviated as HAM) is an Indian political party, formally launched on 8 May 2015 by former Chief Minister of Bihar, Jitan Ram Manjhi, who left the Janata Dal (United) along with 18 others to form the party following the 2015 Bihar political crisis.
Hindustani classical music is the traditional music of northern areas of the Indian subcontinent, including the modern states of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of civilisation from the Indus Valley Civilisation to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic Civilisation; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism;Sanderson, Alexis (2009), "The Śaiva Age: The Rise and Dominance of Śaivism during the Early Medieval Period." In: Genesis and Development of Tantrism, edited by Shingo Einoo, Tokyo: Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, 2009.
A hot spring is a spring produced by the emergence of geothermally heated groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust.
The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic (composite index) of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to India or Indian culture include: List of India-related topics People are listed by their first names.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The Indian Administrative Service (IAST), often abbreviated to I.A.S., or simply IAS, is the administrative arm of the All India Services.
Indian epic poetry is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya (or Kāvya; Sanskrit: काव्य, IAST: kāvyá) or Kappiyam (Tamil language: காப்பியம், kāppiyam).
Indian Forest Service (IFS) (भारतीय वन सेवा) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India.
The Indian Institute of Management Bodh Gaya (IIM-BG) is an autonomous public business school in Bodh Gaya, Bihar in India.
The Indian Institute of Technology Patna (abbreviated IIT Patna or IITP) is an autonomous institute of education and research in science, engineering and technology located in Patna, India.
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India.
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress Party) is a broadly based political party in India.
Indian philosophy refers to ancient philosophical traditions of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian Police Service (Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā) or IPS, is an All India Service for policing.
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30.
Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue (a primary color in the RGB color space), as well as to some variants of ultramarine.
Indo-Aryan peoples are a diverse Indo-European-speaking ethnolinguistic group of speakers of Indo-Aryan languages.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain, also known as the Indus-Ganga Plain and the North Indian River Plain, is a 255 million-hectare (630 million-acre) fertile plain encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the eastern parts of Pakistan, virtually all of Bangladesh and southern plains of Nepal.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indradeep Sinha (July 1914 – 9 June 2003) was a freedom fighter and veteran communist leader.
The Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition, Hajipur (IHMCT&AN), generally known as IHM Hajipur, is a hospitality management school located in Hajipur, Bihar.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
ISO 3166-2:IN is the entry for India in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jagaddala Mahavihara (fl. late 11th century - mid-12th century) was a Buddhist monastery and seat of learning in Varendra, a geographical unit in present north Bengal in Bangladesh.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Janaka or Janak was a king of Videha.
Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) is a centre-left Indian political party with political presence mainly in Bihar and Jharkhand.
Pandit Jasraj (born 28 January 1930) is an Indian classical vocalist, belonging to the Mewati gharana.
Jay Prakash Narayan Airport is a customs airport located in Patna, the state capital of Bihar in India.
Jharkhand (lit. "Bushland" or The land of forest) is a state in eastern India, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
Kanyadan is a Maithili film released in 1965 directed by Phani Majumdar, it was first feature film in the Maithili language.
Population- 5 million The Kathmandu Valley (काठमाडौं उपत्यका, Nepalbhasa: स्वनिगः, नेपाः गाः), historically known as Nepal Valley or Nepa Valley, lies at the crossroads of ancient civilizations of Asia, and has at least 130 important monuments, including several pilgrimage sites for Hindus and Buddhists.
Katihar is a city situated in the eastern part of the state of Bihar in India.
Katihar district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Katihar town is the administrative headquarters of this district.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kesarbai Kerkar (13 July 1892 – 16 September 1977) was an Indian classical vocalist of the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana.
Khair is a city and a municipal board in Aligarh district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The Kingdom of the Videhas (also known as Mithila and Tirabhukti) was an ancient kingdom in Vedic India which rose to prominence under King Janaka.
The Koshi or Kosi River (कोशी नदी,, कोसी नदी) drains the northern slopes of the Himalayas in Tibet and the southern slopes in Nepal.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
Laagi Nahi Chhute Ram is 1963 Bhojpuri film directed by Kundan Kumar.
Lakshmi (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मी, IAST: lakṣmī) or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity.
Lalu Prasad Yadav (born 11 June 1948) is an Indian politician convicted of corruption from the state of Bihar.
The Chief Minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar.
Bihar, a state of India, currently has 38 administrative districts.
The Governor of Bihar is a nominal head and representative of the President of India in the state of Bihar.
There are 24 high courts at the state and union territory level of India, which together with the Supreme Court of India at the national level, comprise the country's judicial system.
Institute of National Importance (INI) is a status that may be conferred to a premier public higher education institution in India by an act of Parliament of India, an institution which "serves as a pivotal player in developing highly skilled personnel within the specified region of the country/state".
This is a list of notable people from Bihar, India.
This is a list of politicians from Bihar, India.
The following is a list of states and union territories of the Republic of India by area from largest to smallest according to the census of 2011.
India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.
LIT Verlag is a German academic publisher founded in 1980.
Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.
Literacy in India is a key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate has grown to 74% (2011 Census figure) with recent reports of 80% literacy.
The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) is a state political party in the state Bihar, India.
Lucknow is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is also the administrative headquarters of the eponymous District and Division.
Madhepura is a municipality in Madhepura district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Madhubani is a town with municipality in Madhubani district in the Indian state of Bihar.
Madhubani art (or Mithila art) is practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar in India and Nepal.
Mahua longifolia is an Indian tropical tree found largely in the central and north Indian plains and forests.
Magadha was an ancient Indian kingdom in southern Bihar, and was counted as one of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (Sanskrit: "Great Countries") of ancient India.
The Magahi language, also known as Magadhi, is a language spoken in Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal states of eastern India.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mahasundari Devi (died 4 July 2013) was an acclaimed Indian artist and Madhubani painter who won both state and national awards.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule.
Mahatma Gandhi Central University is a public central university located in Motihari, Bihar.
Mahavira (IAST), also known as Vardhamāna, was the twenty-fourth Tirthankara (ford-maker) of Jainism which was revived and re-established by him.
Maithili (Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Bihar and Jharkhand states of India and is one of the 22 recognised Indian languages.
Maithili Music is one of the most ancient types of music in South Asia.
Manmath Nath Gupta (7 February 1908 – 26 October 2000) was an Indian revolutionary writer and author of autobiographical, historical and fictional books in Hindi, English and Bengali.
Manoj Tiwari (born 1 February 1971) is a politician, singer and actor from Bihar, India.
The Marathi people (मराठी लोक) are an ethnic group that speak Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically-extensive Iron Age historical power founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated ancient India between 322 BCE and 180 BCE.
The mica group of sheet silicate (phyllosilicate) minerals includes several closely related materials having nearly perfect basal cleavage.
Michael Witzel (born July 18, 1943) is a German-American philologist and academic.
Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani (born 1193), full name Abu Osman Minhajuddin bin Sirajuddin, was a 13th-century Persian historian born in the Ghurid capital city of Firuzkuh, which was located in Ghor Province. In 1227, Juzjani migrated to Ucch then to Delhi. Juzjani was the principal historian for the Mamluk Sultanate of Delhi in northern India. and wrote of the Ghurid dynasty. He also wrote the Tabaqat-i Nasiri (1260 CE) for Sultan Nasir ud din Mahmud of Delhi.
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Ministry of I&B) is a branch of the Government of India which is apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to information, broadcasting, the press and films in India.
Mint is an Indian financial daily newspaper published by HT Media, a Delhi-based media group which is controlled by the KK Birla family and also publishes Hindustan Times.
Mithila may refer to.
Mithila, also known as Tirhut and Tirabhukti, is a geographical and cultural region mainly located in the Indian state of Bihar.
Mithila Makhaan is a Maithili language film directed by Nitin Chandra that stars Anurita Jha, Kranti Prakash Jha and Pankaj Jha.
Mithila (Hindi/Urdu: मिथिला متھلا, mithilā Tirhuta: মিথিলা) is a proposed state in India, comprising the Maithili speaking region of Northern and Eastern Bihar.
A monument is a type of—usually three-dimensional—structure that was explicitly created to commemorate a person or event, or which has become relevant to a social group as a part of their remembrance of historic times or cultural heritage, due to its artistic, historical, political, technical or architectural importance.
Motihari is the headquarters of East Champaran district (Purbi Champaran district) (Tirhut Division) - (Tirhut) in the Indian state of Bihar It is 25 km east of Dhaka town and 89 km north west of Muzaffarpur commissionary.
Mughal paintings are a particular style of South Asian painting, generally confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums, which emerged from Persian miniature painting (itself largely of Chinese origin), with Indian Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist influences, and developed largely in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries.
Mughal-e-Azam (English: The Great Mughal) is a 1960 Indian epic historical drama film directed by K. Asif and produced by Shapoorji Pallonji.
Ikhtiyar al-Din Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khilji, also known as Malik Ghazi Ikhtiyar 'l-Din Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji or Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji or simply Bakhtiyar Khilji (died 1206), a military general of Qutb al-Din Aibak, was responsible for the destruction of Nalanda university.
Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.
Munger district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India.
Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt.
Murshidabad (Pron: ˈmʊəʃɪdəˌbɑ:d/bæd or ˈmɜ:ʃɪdəˌ) is a town in Murshidabad district of West Bengal state in India.
A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Muzaffarpur is a sub-metropolitan city located in Muzaffarpur district in the Tirhut region of Bihar.
Muzaffarpur Airport is located at Muzaffarpur, in the state of Bihar, India.
Muzaffarpur District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.
Muzaffarpur Institute of Technology (Devanāgarī: मुजफ्फरपुर प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान) (commonly referred to as MIT, Muzaffarpur) is a public, coeducational engineering college in Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India.
Gogineni Ranga Nayukulu, also known as N. G. Ranga (7 November 1900 – 9 June 1995), was an Indian freedom fighter, parliamentarian and kisan (farmer) leader.
Nadiya Ke Paar (Across The River) is a 1982 Hindi film directed by Govind Moonis (Dube) and set in Ghazipur and Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh.
Nalanda was a Mahavihara, a large Buddhist monastery, in the ancient kingdom of Magadha (modern-day Bihar) in India.
Nalanda district is one of the thirty-eight districts of the state of Bihar in India.
Nalanda University (also known as Nalanda International University) is located in Rajgir, near Nalanda, Bihar, India.
The Nanda dynasty originated from the region of Magadha in ancient India during the 4th century BCE and lasted between 345–321 BCE.
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a centre-right coalition of political parties in India.
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremonies in India.
National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) is a group of fashion colleges in India.
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Hajipur (NIPER Hajipur) is a public pharmaceutical education and research university located in Hajipur, Bihar, India.
The National Institute of Technology Patna (NIT Patna), formerly Bihar School of Engineering and Bihar College of Engineering, is a public engineering institution located in Patna in the Indian state of Bihar.
The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education, located in India.
The National Institutes of Technology, Science Education and Research Act, 2007 was enacted by the Parliament of India to declare India's National Institutes of Technology (NITs) as Institutes of National Importance.
Navbharat Times (NBT) is one of the largest circulated as well as largest read Hindi newspapers of Delhi and Mumbai and Lucknow.
New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian television media company founded in 1988 by Radhika Roy, a journalist.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT), formerly known as the Delhi Institute of Technology, is an engineering college located in Dwarka, New Delhi, India.
Nitish Kumar (born 1 March 1951) is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in eastern India, since 2017.
North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India.
Ocimum tenuiflorum (synonym Ocimum sanctum), commonly known as holy basil, tulasi (sometimes spelled thulasi) or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bihar: Bihar – state in East India.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to India: India – seventh-largest country by area, located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.
Padma Shri (also Padma Shree) is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan.
Pali, or Magadhan, is a Middle Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian subcontinent.
A pandit (paṇḍita; also spelled pundit, pronounced; abbreviated as Pt. or Pdt.; Panditain or Punditain can refer to a female pundit or the wife of a pundit) is a Brahmin scholar or a teacher of any field of knowledge in Hinduism, particularly the Vedic scriptures, dharma, Hindu philosophy, or secular subjects such as music.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
The Pashtuns (or; پښتانه Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (افغان, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Pataliputra (IAST), adjacent to modern-day Patna, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Udayin in 490 BCE as a small fort near the Ganges river.
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar in India.
Patna College, established in 1863 during the British Raj, is one of the oldest colleges in the state of Bihar.
Patna district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India.
Patna High Court is the High Court of the state of Bihar.
Patna Medical College and Hospital (abbreviated as PMCH) was established in 1925 and originally known as Prince of Wales Medical College, is a medical college located in Patna, the state capital of Bihar, India.
Patna School of Painting or Patna Qalaam or company painting is a style of Indian Painting, which existed in Bihar, India in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Patna Science College, established in 1927, is one of the oldest science colleges in Patna, Bihar.
Patna University, the first university in Bihar, was established on 1 October 1917 during the British Raj, and is the seventh oldest university of the Indian subcontinent.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
The Permanent Settlement, also known as the Permanent Settlement of Bengal, was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land, with far-reaching consequences for both agricultural methods and productivity in the entire British Empire and the political realities of the Indian countryside.
The Phalgu or Falgu, a river that flows past Gaya, India in the Indian state of Bihar, is a sacred river for Hindus and Buddhists.
Pipra is a genus of bird in the Pipridae family.
A Postal Index Number or PIN or PIN code is a code in the post office numbering or post code system used by India Post, the Indian postal administration.
Prabhat Khabar is a Hindi language newspaper published daily in Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal.
Pratham is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
Punjab is a state in northern India.
The Punjabis (Punjabi:, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.
Purnea Airport is located near Purnia in the state of Bihar, India.
Purnia (also romanized as Purnea) is a city that serves as the administrative headquarters of both Purnia district and Purnia division in the Indian state of Bihar.
Purnia district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.
Raghuvanshi (or Raghuwanshi) is an Indian dynasty mentioned in Indian epic poetry.
Rahul Sankrityayan (9 April 1893 – 14 April 1963), is called the Father of Hindi Travelogue Travel literature.
Darbhanga Raj, also known as Raj Darbhanga and the Khandwala dynasty, were a Maithil dynasty of zamindars and the rulers of territories, not all contiguous, that are part of the Mithila region, which is now divided between India and Nepal.
Raj Kumar Shukla was the person who convinced Mr.
Rajendra Chola I or Rajendra I was a Chola emperor of India who succeeded his father Rajaraja Chola I to the throne in 1014 CE.
Rajendra Prasad (3 December 1884 – 28 February 1963) was the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
Rajgir (originally known as Girivraj) is a city and a notified area in Nalanda district in the Indian state of Bihar.
The Rajgir hills, also known as "Rajhara" hills, lie near the city of Rajgir in central regions of the Indian state of Bihar.It is surrounded by five hills named Ratnagiri, Vipalachal, Vaibhagiri, Songiri and Udaygiri.
Rajkamal Prakashan is a noted publishing house of Hindi literature as well as English book publication.
Rajkumar Shyamanand Sinha (also known as Kumar Shyamanand Singh) (born 27 July 1916) was the eldest son of Raja Bahadur Kirtyanand Sinha of the Banaili estate.
Rama or Ram (Sanskrit: राम, IAST: Rāma), also known as Ramachandra, is a major deity of Hinduism.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (translation: National People's Equality Party; abbreviated as RLSP) is a political party in the Indian State Bihar, founded on 3 March 2013.
Ravi Kishan Shukla (born 17 July 1969), popularly known as Ravi Kishan, is an Indian actor and television personality, who works in Hindi cinema and Bhojpuri cinema.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is an Indian conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
Sahajanand Saraswati (1889–1950), born in Ghazipur district, North-Western Provinces in British India, was an ascetic, a nationalist and a peasant leader of India.
Saharsa is a city and a municipality in the Saharsa district in the eastern part of the state of Bihar, India.
Saharsa is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar, India.
The Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters, is an organisation dedicated to the promotion of literature in the languages of India.
Sangeet Natak Akademi (The National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama in English) is the national level academy for performing arts set up by the Government of India.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
Saran District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India.
Saraswati (सरस्वती) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning worshipped throughout Nepal and India.
Sasaram sometimes also spelled as Sahasram, is an ancient city of India has witnessed the legacy of Sahastrabahu, Shershah Suri, and Jagjivan Ram Babu.
Satya Pal Malik is the current Governor of Bihar appointed by President Ram Nath Kovind on 30 September 2017.
The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486–22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted administrator as well as a capable general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. During his seven-year rule from 1538 to 1545, he set up a new civic and military administration, issued the first Rupiya from "Taka" and re-organised the postal system of India. He further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country.
The Shishunaga dynasty is believed to have been the second ruling dynasty of Magadha, an empire of ancient India.
Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism.
The Sikh gurus established Sikhism over the centuries, beginning in the year 1469.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Sita (pronounced, Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama (incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness.
The Sita-Kund is a Hindu pilgrimage site in Sitamarhi district, in the Indian state of Bihar, which has an ancient Hindu temple.
Sitamarhi is a town and the district headquarters of the Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of Bihar, India and is a part of the Tirhut Division.
Sitamarhi is one of the districts of the state of Bihar, India.
The Sivalik Hills is a mountain range of the outer Himalayas.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities.
Sushil Kumar Modi (born 5 January 1952) is an Indian politician from the Bharatiya Janata Party who is serving as Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar since 27 July 2017.
Tappa is a form of Indian semi-classical vocal music.
The Economic Times is an English-language, Indian daily newspaper published by the Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd..
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
Financial Express is an Indian English-language business newspaper.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The Telegraph is an Indian English daily newspaper founded and continuously published in Kolkata since 7 July 1982.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
Thumrī is a common genre of semi-classical Indian music.
There are 50 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administrated by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).
Chirand, situated on the northern bank of the Ganga River in Saran district has continuous archaeological record from the Neolithic age (about 2500–1345 BC).
In Jainism, a tirthankara (Sanskrit:; English: literally a 'ford-maker') is a saviour and spiritual teacher of the dharma (righteous path).
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
Bihar (बिहार, بہار) in eastern India is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world with a history going back 3000 years.
UDAN-RCS, UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) is a regional airport development and "Regional Connectivity Scheme" (RCS) of Government of India, with the objective of "Let the common citizen of the country fly", aimed at making air travel affordable and widespread, to boost inclusive national economic development, job growth and air transport infrastructure development of all regions and states of India.
UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
United Breweries Holdings Limited (UBHL) or UB Group is an Indian conglomerate company headquartered in UB City, Bangalore in the state of Karnataka, India.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.
United Technologies Corporation (UTC) is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Farmington, Connecticut.
University of California Press, otherwise known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
Upanayana (उपनयन) is one of the traditional saṃskāras (rites of passage) that marked the acceptance of a student by a guru (teacher) and an individual's entrance to a school in Hinduism.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Vaishali or Vesali was a city in present-day Bihar, India, and is now an archaeological site.
Vaishali district is a district in Bihar, India.
Vajji (Vṛji) or Vrijji was a confederacy of neighbouring clans including the Licchavis and one of the principal mahājanapadas of Ancient India.
Valmiki (Sanskrit: वाल्मीकि, Vālmīki) is celebrated as the harbinger-poet in Sanskrit literature.
Valmiki National Park,tiger reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary is located at the India-Nepal border in the West Champaran district of Bihar, India on the bank of river Gandak.
Vasupujya Swami was the twelfth tirthankara in Jainism of the avasarpini (present age).
Vidyapati (1352–1448), also known by the sobriquet Maithil Kavi Kokil (the poet cuckoo of Maithili), was a Maithili poet and a Sanskrit writer.
Vihara (विहार, IAST: vihāra) generally refers to a Buddhist bhikkhu monastery.
Vijendra Narayan Singh is a critic of Hindi Literature.
Vikramashila (IAST) was one of the two most important centres of learning in India during the Pala Empire, along with Nalanda.
Walter Hauser (1 May 1837, Wädenswil – 22 October 1902) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1888-1902).
Watercolor (American English) or watercolour (British English; see spelling differences), also aquarelle (French, diminutive of Latin aqua "water"), is a painting method in which the paints are made of pigments suspended in a water-based solution.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
West Champaran is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India, located just west of Birgunj.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
West Java (Jawa Barat, abbreviated as Jabar; Sundanese: Jawa Kulon) is a province of Indonesia.
Women's Institute of Technology is an engineering college in the Indian state of Bihar.
The World Bank (Banque mondiale) is an international financial institution that provides loans to countries of the world for capital projects.
Yadunandan Sharma (also spelled Jadunandan) (1896–1975) was an Indian peasant leader and national liberation figure from the Indian state of Bihar.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
A zamindar in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
The 2001 Census of India was the 14th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.
The 2008 Bihar flood was one of the most disastrous floods in the history of Bihar, an impoverished and densely populated state in India.