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Bile acid malabsorption

Index Bile acid malabsorption

Bile acid malabsorption, known also as bile acid diarrhea, is a cause of several gut-related problems, the main one being chronic diarrhea. [1]

41 relations: Bile acid, Bile acid sequestrant, Biliary tract, Cholecystectomy, Cholecystokinin, Chronic pancreatitis, Clinical Medicine, Coeliac disease, Colesevelam, Colestipol, Colestyramine, Crohn's disease, Diarrhea, Digestion, Enterohepatic circulation, Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, FABP6, Farnesoid X receptor, FGF19, Gallbladder, Gastroenterology, Gastrointestinal disease, Gastrointestinal physiology, Ileum, Irritable bowel syndrome, Large intestine, Liver, Malabsorption, Nuclear medicine, Obeticholic acid, OSTalpha, OSTbeta, Portal vein, Radiation enteropathy, SeHCAT, SLC10A2, Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, Small intestine, Taurine, Vagotomy, 7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one.

Bile acid

Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals and other vertebrates.

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Bile acid sequestrant

The bile acid sequestrants are a group of resins used to bind certain components of bile in the gastrointestinal tract.

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Biliary tract

The biliary tract, (biliary tree or biliary system) refers to the liver, gall bladder and bile ducts, and how they work together to make, store and secrete bile.

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Cholecystectomy

Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder.

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Cholecystokinin

Cholecystokinin (CCK or CCK-PZ; from Greek chole, "bile"; cysto, "sac"; kinin, "move"; hence, move the bile-sac (gallbladder)) is a peptide hormone of the gastrointestinal system responsible for stimulating the digestion of fat and protein.

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Chronic pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis is a long-standing inflammation of the pancreas that alters the organ's normal structure and functions.

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Clinical Medicine

Clinical Medicine is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal published by the Royal College of Physicians.

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Coeliac disease

Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.

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Colesevelam

Colesevelam is a bile acid sequestrant administered orally.

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Colestipol

Colestipol (trade names Colestid, Cholestabyl) is a bile acid sequestrant used to lower blood cholesterol, specifically low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

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Colestyramine

Colestyramine (INN) or cholestyramine (USAN) (trade names Questran, Questran Light, Cholybar, Olestyr) is a bile acid sequestrant, which binds bile in the gastrointestinal tract to prevent its reabsorption.

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Crohn's disease

Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.

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Diarrhea

Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.

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Digestion

Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.

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Enterohepatic circulation

Enterohepatic circulation refers to the circulation of biliary acids, bilirubin, drugs or other substances from the liver to the bile, followed by entry into the small intestine, absorption by the enterocyte and transport back to the liver.

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Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology is a peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of gastroenterology and hepatology.

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FABP6

Fatty acid binding protein 6, ileal (gastrotropin), also known as FABP6, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the FABP6 gene.

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Farnesoid X receptor

The bile acid receptor (BAR), also known as farnesoid X receptor (FXR) or NR1H4 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group H, member 4) is a nuclear receptor that is encoded by the NR1H4 gene in humans.

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FGF19

Fibroblast growth factor 19 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FGF19 gene.

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Gallbladder

In vertebrates, the gallbladder is a small hollow organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.

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Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology (MeSH heading) is the branch of medicine focused on the digestive system and its disorders.

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Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

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Gastrointestinal physiology

Gastrointestinal physiology is the branch of human physiology that addresses the physical function of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

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Ileum

The ileum is the final section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.

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Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.

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Large intestine

The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.

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Liver

The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.

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Malabsorption

Malabsorption is a state arising from abnormality in absorption of food nutrients across the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

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Nuclear medicine

Nuclear medicine is a medical specialty involving the application of radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

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Obeticholic acid

Obeticholic acid (abbreviated to OCA, trade name Ocaliva), is a semi-synthetic bile acid analogue which has the chemical structure 6α-ethyl-chenodeoxycholic acid.

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OSTalpha

Organic solute transporter alpha, also known as OST-alpha, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the OSTA gene.

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OSTbeta

Organic solute transporter beta, also known as OST-beta, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the OSTB gene.

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Portal vein

The portal vein or hepatic portal vein is a blood vessel that carries blood from the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, pancreas and spleen to the liver.

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Radiation enteropathy

Radiation enteropathy or radiation enteritis is a syndrome that may develop following abdominal or pelvic radiation therapy for cancer.

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SeHCAT

SeHCAT (23-seleno-25-homotaurocholic acid, selenium homocholic acid taurine, or tauroselcholic acid) is a drug used in a clinical test to diagnose bile acid malabsorption.

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SLC10A2

The SLC10A2 (solute carrier family 10 member 2) gene in humans encodes the bile acid:sodium symporter known as the apical sodium–bile acid transporter (ASBT) or as the ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT).

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Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth

Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), also termed bacterial overgrowths, or small bowel bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SBBOS), is a disorder of excessive bacterial growth in the small intestine.

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Small intestine

The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.

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Taurine

No description.

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Vagotomy

A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing part of the vagus nerve.

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7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one

7α-Hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one is an intermediate in the biochemical synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol.

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Redirects here:

Bile acid diarrhea, Bile acid diarrhoea, Bile salt diarrhea, Bile salt malabsorption, Primary bile acid diarrhea.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_acid_malabsorption

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