286 relations: A&E Networks, Airliner, Al Arabiya, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Algorithm, Altair 8800, Altair BASIC, Alzheimer's disease, Amazon (company), American Genius, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Andrew Carnegie, Anthony Michael Hall, Anti-competitive practices, Apple Inc., Author, Baidu, Barack Obama, BASIC, BBC, BBC Radio 4, Bellevue, Washington, Berkshire Hathaway, BgC3, Big History, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Bill Gates' flower fly, Bill Gates's house, Blue Skies (Irving Berlin song), Bono, Boy Scouts of America, Branded Entertainment Network, Breukelen, British Computer Society, Business @ the Speed of Thought, Calvinism, Carlos Slim, Cascade Investment, Chairman, Chief executive officer, Christos Papadimitriou, Circumcision, CNET, COBOL, Codex Leicester, Columbia University Press, Combinatorics, Computer Center Corporation, Congregational Christian Churches, Copyright, ..., CP/M, Craig Mundie, Criticism of Microsoft, David Boies, David Rockefeller, Desert Island Discs, Developing country, Digital Equipment Corporation, Digital Research, Discrete Mathematics (journal), Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society, Dot-com bubble, Earth sheltering, Eclipse Aviation, Economy class, Ed Roberts (computer engineer), Elizabeth II, Elon Musk, Embassy of France, Washington, D.C., Employee stock option, Emulator, English Americans, Entomology, Ernest W. Lefever, First Interstate BancSystem, Forbes, Forbes 400, Form 4, Fortran, François Hollande, Frank Gehry, Franklin Institute, Franklin Institute Awards, General Electric, Genetically modified organism, German Americans, Golden rice, Hacker culture, Harry R. Lewis, Harvard College, Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Hassanal Bolkiah, Hawaii, Hearts, Home computer, Honeywell, Humanitarianism, IBM, IBM PC DOS, IBM Personal Computer, Ice Bucket Challenge, IGN, Information superhighway, InfoWorld, Intel 8008, Intel 8080, International Rice Research Institute, Investor, Irish Americans, Jack Sock, Jeff Bezos, Jefferson Awards for Public Service, Jerry Pournelle, Jerry Seinfeld, Jimmy Fallon, John D. Rockefeller, John Isner, John W. Thompson, John Wiley & Sons, Jumble sale, Karolinska Institute, KeyArena, King County, Washington, Kirkland, Washington, Lake Washington, Lakeside School (Seattle), Lanai, Latin honors, Leave of absence, Legion of Honour, Leonardo da Vinci, LinkedIn, Lisp (programming language), List of richest Americans in history, List of wealthiest historical figures, Los Angeles Times, Machine code, Mary Maxwell Gates, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Medina, Washington, Melinda Gates, Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems, Microsoft, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Windows, Mike McCready, Mitch Kapor, Mohammad bin Salman, Monopolization, MS-DOS, Mug shot, Nathan Myhrvold, National Geographic (U.S. TV channel), National Merit Scholarship Program, NBC, Nerds 2.0.1, New Mexico, New York Institute of Technology, Newsweek, Nick Bostrom, Non-Hispanic whites, Nothing So Strange, NPR, Nyenrode Business University, Official Journal of the Federation, Omni Processor, Ontario, Open Letter to Hobbyists, Order of the Aztec Eagle, Order of the British Empire, OS/2, Padma Bhushan, Page (assistance occupation), Pancake sorting, Paul Allen, PDP-10, Peace Corps, Pearl Jam, Peking University, Penguin Books, Personal computer, Peter Rinearson, Philanthropy, Pickleball, Pirates of Silicon Valley, Popular Electronics, President of France, President of the United States, Presidential Medal of Freedom, Programmed Data Processor, Programming language, Protestantism, Ray Ozzie, Reclaimed water, Reddit, ResearchGate, Ric Weiland, Richard Dawkins, Robin Li, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Rockefeller family, Roger Federer, Rolling Stone, Rotary International, Royal Institute of Technology, San Jose, California, Sanitation, SAP Center, SAT, Satya Nadella, Saudi Arabia, Saudi Vision 2030, Savannah Guthrie, Scotch-Irish Americans, Seattle, Seattle Computer Products, Seinfeld, Sewage sludge treatment, Shareholder, Sherman Antitrust Act, Silver Buffalo Award, Software architect, Source code, Stanford University, Steve Ballmer, Steve Jobs, Steven Pinker, Superintelligence, Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, Swaziland, Technical advisor, Teletype Corporation, Teletype Model 33, TerraPower, The Better Angels of Our Nature, The Dating Game, The Economist, The Giving Pledge, The Great Courses, The Great Gatsby, The Guardian, The Machine That Changed the World (miniseries), The Power of Half, The Road Ahead (Bill Gates book), The Social Network, The Sunday Times, The Tech Awards, The Tonight Show, The Virtual Revolution, The World's Billionaires, Tic-tac-toe, Tim Paterson, Time 100, Time Person of the Year, Today (U.S. TV program), Touchstone Pictures, Traf-O-Data, Traffic count, Triumph of the Nerds, TRS-80 Model 100, Tsinghua University, Tying (commerce), UNCF, United States, United States antitrust law, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States dollar, United States House of Representatives, United States v. Microsoft Corp., United Way of America, University of Texas at Dallas, Upside (magazine), Very light jet, Vitamin A deficiency, Waiting for "Superman", Warren Buffett, Waseda University, Washington (state), Wellcome Trust, WGBH Educational Foundation, White House, William H. Gates Sr., Willie Nelson, Wired (magazine), Ziff Davis, 86-DOS. Expand index (236 more) » « Shrink index
A&E Networks (branded as A+E Networks) is a US media company that owns a group of television channels available via cable & satellite in the U.S. and abroad.
An airliner is a type of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo.
Al Arabiya (العربية, transliterated: or; meaning "The Arabic One" or "The Arab One") is a Saudi-owned pan-Arab television news channel broadcast in Modern Standard Arabic.
Albuquerque (Beeʼeldííl Dahsinil; Arawageeki; Vakêêke; Gołgéeki) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Mexico.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.
Altair BASIC is a discontinued interpreter for the BASIC programming language that ran on the MITS Altair 8800 and subsequent S-100 bus computers.
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
American Genius is an American documentary series focusing on the lives of inventors and pioneers who have been responsible for major developments in their areas of expertise and helped shape the course of history.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
Michael Anthony Hall (born April 14, 1968), known professionally as Anthony Michael Hall, is an American actor, film producer, and director who starred in several teen-oriented films of the 1980s.
Anti-competitive practices are business, government or religious practices that prevent or reduce competition in a market (see restraint of trade).
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer.
Baidu, Inc. (anglicized), incorporated on 18 January 2000, is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products, and artificial intelligence, headquartered at the Baidu Campus in Beijing's Haidian District.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
BASIC (an acronym for Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
Bellevue is a city in the Eastside region of King County, Washington, United States, across Lake Washington from Seattle.
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.
bgC3 LLC is an American research company established by Microsoft founder, Bill Gates in 2008.
Big History is an academic discipline which examines history from the Big Bang to the present.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), also known as the Gates Foundation, is a private foundation founded by Bill and Melinda Gates.
Bill Gates' flower fly (Eristalis gatesi) is a flower fly found only in Costa Rican high montane cloud forests and named after Bill Gates.
Xanadu 2.0 is a mansion owned by Bill Gates that overlooks Lake Washington in Medina, Washington.
"Blue Skies" is a popular song, written by Irving Berlin in 1926.
Paul David Hewson, KBE OL (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono, is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist.
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations in the United States of America and one of the largest youth organizations in the United States, with more than 2.4 million youth participants and nearly one million adult volunteers.
Branded Entertainment Network (BEN) is a Los Angeles-based advertising and licensing agency.
Breukelen is a town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.
Sir Maurice Wilkes served as first President of BCS in 1957. The British Computer Society (BCS) is a professional body and a learned society that represents those working in Information Technology, both in the United Kingdom and internationally.
Business @ the Speed of Thought is a book written by Bill Gates and Collins Hemingway in 1999.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Carlos Slim Helú (born January 28, 1940) is a Mexican business magnate, engineer, investor and philanthropist.
Cascade Investment, L.L.C. is an American holding and investment company headquartered in Kirkland, Washington, United States.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
Christos Harilaos Papadimitriou (Greek: Χρήστος Χαρίλαος Παπαδημητρίου; born August 16, 1949) is a Greek theoretical computer scientist, and professor of Computer Science at Columbia University.
Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
COBOL (an acronym for "common business-oriented language") is a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.
The Codex Leicester (also briefly known as Codex Hammer) is a collection of scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
Combinatorics is an area of mathematics primarily concerned with counting, both as a means and an end in obtaining results, and certain properties of finite structures.
This small Washington state company offered time-sharing on a PDP-10 and is most famous for the people who passed through its doors, among them being Bill Gates, Paul Allen.
The Congregational Christian Churches were a Protestant Christian denomination that operated in the U.S. from 1931 through 1957.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
Craig James Mundie (born July 1, 1949 in Cleveland, Ohio) is Senior Advisor to the CEO at Microsoft and its former Chief Research and Strategy Officer.
Criticism of Microsoft has followed various aspects of its products and business practices.
David Boies (born March 11, 1941) is an American lawyer and chairman of the law firm Boies, Schiller & Flexner.
David Rockefeller (June 12, 1915 – March 20, 2017) was an American banker who was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation.
Desert Island Discs is a radio programme broadcast on BBC Radio 4.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Digital Research, Inc. (also known as DR or DRI) was a company created by Gary Kildall to market and develop his CP/M operating system and related 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit systems like MP/M, Concurrent DOS, Multiuser DOS, DOS Plus, DR DOS and GEM.
Discrete Mathematics is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal in the broad area of discrete mathematics, combinatorics, graph theory, and their applications.
Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society (DFBCS) is an award and fellowship granted by the British Computer Society for members of the computing profession who have made an outstanding contribution to the advancement of computing.
The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the dot-com crash, the Y2K crash, the Y2K bubble, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic economic bubble and period of excessive speculation that occurred roughly from 1997 to 2001, a period of extreme growth in the usage and adaptation of the Internet.
Earth sheltering is the architectural practice of using earth against building walls for external thermal mass, to reduce heat loss, and to easily maintain a steady indoor air temperature.
Eclipse Aviation Corporation was the Albuquerque, New Mexico-based manufacturer of the Eclipse 500 very light jet (VLJ) and also at one time proposed developing the Eclipse 400 single-engined jet.
Economy class, also called coach class, steerage, standard class or (slang) cattle class, is the lowest travel class of seating in air travel, rail travel, and sometimes ferry or maritime travel.
Henry Edward "Ed" Roberts (September 13, 1941 – April 1, 2010) was an American engineer, entrepreneur and medical doctor who invented the first commercially successful personal computer in 1975.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elon Reeve Musk (born June 28, 1971) is an American business magnate, investor and engineer.
The Embassy of France in Washington, D.C., is the primary French diplomatic mission to the United States.
An employee stock option (ESO) is commonly viewed as a complex call option on the common stock of a company, granted by the company to an employee as part of the employee's remuneration package.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Entomology is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology.
Ernest Warren Lefever (November 12, 1919 – July 29, 2009) was an Republican American political theorist and foreign affairs expert who founded the Ethics and Public Policy Center in 1976 and was nominated for a State Department post by President Ronald Reagan, but withdrew after his nomination was rejected by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
First Interstate BancSystem, Inc., is a financial holding company for both the company and its primary banking subsidiary First Interstate Bank.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
The Forbes 400 or 400 Richest Americans is a list published by Forbes magazine of the wealthiest 400 American residents, ranked by net worth.
Form 4 is a United States SEC filing that relates to insider trading.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.
Frank Owen Gehry,, FAIA (born Frank Owen Goldberg)Reinhart, Anthony (July 28, 2010), Globe and Mail is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles.
The Franklin Institute is a science museum and the center of science education and research in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The Franklin Institute Awards (or Benjamin Franklin Medal) is a science and engineering award presented since 1824 by the Franklin Institute, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are Americans who have full or partial German ancestry.
The hacker culture is a subculture of individuals who enjoy the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming limitations of software systems to achieve novel and clever outcomes.
Lewis has been honored for his "particularly distinguished contributions to undergraduate teaching"; his students have included future entrepreneurs Bill Gates and Mark Zuckerberg, and numerous future faculty members at Harvard and other schools.
Harvard College is the undergraduate liberal arts college of Harvard University.
The Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) is the engineering school within Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS).
Hassanal Bolkiah, GCB GCMG (full name: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibn Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam; born 15 July 1946) is the 29th and current Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei.
Hawaii (Hawaii) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.
Hearts is an "evasion-type" trick-taking playing card game for four players, although variations can accommodate between three and six players.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.
Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby humans practice benevolent treatment and provide assistance to other humans, in order to better humanity for moral, altruistic and logical reasons.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM PC DOS (an acronym for IBM personal computer disk operating system) is a discontinued operating system for the IBM Personal Computer, manufactured and sold by IBM from the early 1980s into the 2000s.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The Ice Bucket Challenge, sometimes called the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge, is an activity involving the dumping of a bucket of ice and water over a person's head, either by another person or self-administered, to promote awareness of the disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as motor neurone disease and in the US as Lou Gehrig's disease) and encourage donations to research.
IGN (formerly Imagine Games Network) is an American video game and entertainment media company operated by IGN Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Ziff Davis wholly owned by j2 Global.
The information superhighway or infobahn was a popular term used through the 1990s to refer to digital communication systems and the Internet telecommunications network.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
The Intel 8008 ("eight-thousand-eight" or "eighty-oh-eight") is an early byte-oriented microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April 1972.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff.
An investor is a person that allocates capital with the expectation of a future financial return.
Irish Americans (Gael-Mheiriceánaigh) are an ethnic group comprising Americans who have full or partial ancestry from Ireland, especially those who identify with that ancestry, along with their cultural characteristics.
Jack Sock (born September 24, 1992) is an American professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.
Jeffrey Preston Bezos (born Jorgensen; January 12, 1964) is an American technology entrepreneur, investor, philanthropist, and the founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Amazon, the world's largest online retailer.
The Jefferson Awards Foundation was created in 1972 by the American Institute for Public Service.
Jerry Eugene Pournelle (August 7, 1933 – September 8, 2017) was an American science fiction writer, essayist, and journalist who contributed for many years to the computer magazine Byte in the 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s.
Jerome Allen "Jerry" Seinfeld (born April 29, 1954) is an American stand-up comedian, actor, writer, producer, and director.
James Thomas Fallon (born September 19, 1974) is an American comedian, actor, television host, singer, writer, and producer.
John Davison Rockefeller Sr. (July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937) was an American oil industry business magnate, industrialist, and philanthropist.
John Robert Isner (born April 26, 1985) is an American professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.
John Wendell Thompson (born April 24, 1949) is the chairman of Microsoft.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
A jumble sale, bring and buy sale (U.K, Australia, occasionally Canada) or rummage sale (U.S and Canada) is an event at which second hand goods are sold, usually by an institution such as a local Boys' Brigade Company, Scout group, or church, as a fundraising or charitable effort.
The Karolinska Institute (KI; Karolinska Institutet; sometimes known as the (Royal) Caroline Institute in English) is a medical university in Solna within the Stockholm urban area of Sweden.
KeyArena (formerly Washington State Pavilion, Washington State Coliseum and Seattle Center Coliseum) is a multi-purpose arena in Seattle.
King County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington.
Kirkland is a city in King County, Washington, United States.
Lake Washington is a large freshwater lake adjacent to the city of Seattle.
Lakeside School is a private/independent school located in the Haller Lake neighborhood at the north city limits of Seattle, Washington for grades 5–12.
Lānai is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands and the smallest publicly accessible inhabited island in the chain.
Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of distinction with which an academic degree has been earned.
A leave of absence (LOA) is a period of time that one must be away from one's primary job, while maintaining the status of employee.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.
LinkedIn is a business and employment-oriented service that operates via websites and mobile apps.
Lisp (historically, LISP) is a family of computer programming languages with a long history and a distinctive, fully parenthesized prefix notation.
Second richest in terms of wealth over contemporary GDP is disputed, with various sources listing Andrew Carnegie, Cornelius Vanderbilt, John Jacob Astor IV, Bill Gates or Henry Ford.
The list of the wealthiest historical figures gathers published estimates as to the (inflation-adjusted) net-worth and fortunes of the wealthiest historical figures in comparison.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Machine code is a computer program written in machine language instructions that can be executed directly by a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
Mary Maxwell Gates (July 5, 1929 – June 10, 1994) was an American businesswoman, and served 18 years (1975–1993) on the University of Washington board of regents.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
Medina is a mostly residential city in Eastside, King County, Washington, United States.
Melinda Ann Gates (née French; born August 15, 1964) is an American philanthropist.
Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) was an American electronics company founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico that began manufacturing electronic calculators in 1971 and personal computers in 1975.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet developed by Microsoft for Windows, macOS, Android and iOS.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Michael David "Mike" McCready (born April 5, 1966) is an American musician who serves as the lead guitarist for the American rock band Pearl Jam.
Mitchell David Kapor (born November 1, 1950) is an American entrepreneur best known for his work as an application developer in the early days of the personal computer software industry, later founding Lotus, where he was instrumental in developing the Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet.
Mohammad bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود; born 31 August 1985), known colloquially as MbS, is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, also serving as First Deputy Prime Minister, President of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs and Minister of Defense—the world's youngest office holder at the time.
In US antitrust law, monopolization is an illegal and the main categories of prohibited behavior include exclusive dealing, price discrimination, refusing to supply an essential facility, product tying and predatory pricing.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
A mug shot or mugshot (an informal term for police photograph or booking photograph) is a photographic portrait of a person from the waist up, typically taken after a person is arrested.
Nathan Paul Myhrvold (born August 3, 1959), formerly Chief Technology Officer at Microsoft, is co-founder of Intellectual Ventures and the principal author of Modernist Cuisine and its successor books.
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel and also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by National Geographic Partners, majority-owned by 21st Century Fox with the remainder owned by the National Geographic Society.
The National Merit Scholarship Program is a United States academic scholarship competition for recognition and university scholarships administered by the National Merit Scholarship Corporation (NMSC), a privately funded, not-for-profit organization based in Evanston, Illinois.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Nerds 2.0.1: A Brief History of the Internet - a.k.a. Glory of the Geeks - is a 1998 American PBS television documentary that explores the development of the Arpanet, the Internet, and the World Wide Web in from 1969 to 1998.
New Mexico (Nuevo México, Yootó Hahoodzo) is a state in the Southwestern Region of the United States of America.
New York Institute of Technology (also known as NYIT) is a private, independent, nonprofit, non-sectarian, coeducational research university founded in 1955.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
Nick Bostrom (Niklas Boström,; born 10 March 1973) is a Swedish philosopher at the University of Oxford known for his work on existential risk, the anthropic principle, human enhancement ethics, superintelligence risks, and the reversal test.
Non-Hispanic whites or whites not of Hispanic or Latino origin (commonly referred to as Anglo-Americans)Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86 are European Americans who are not of Hispanic or Latino origin/ethnicity, as defined by the United States Census Bureau.
Nothing So Strange is a 2002 American mockumentary film written, produced and directed by Brian Flemming in the style of an "independent documentary".
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Nyenrode Business Universiteit, formerly spelled as Nijenrode, is a Dutch business school and one of four private universities in the Netherlands.
The Diario Oficial de la Federación (DOF; translated variously as the Official Journal of the Federation or else as Official Gazette of the Federation), published daily by the government of Mexico, is the main official government publication in Mexico.
Omni Processor is a name proposed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for a group of physical, biological or chemical treatment processes to process fecal sludge – a mixture of human excreta and water – in developing countries.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
The Open Letter to Hobbyists was a 1976 open letter written by Bill Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, to early personal computer hobbyists, in which Gates expresses dismay at the rampant copyright infringement of software taking place in the hobbyist community, particularly with regard to his company's software.
The Order of the Aztec Eagle (Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca) forms part of the Mexican Honours System and is the highest Mexican order awarded to foreigners in the country.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India, preceded by the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan and followed by the Padma Shri.
A page is an occupation in some professional capacity.
Pancake sorting is the colloquial term for the mathematical problem of sorting a disordered stack of pancakes in order of size when a spatula can be inserted at any point in the stack and used to flip all pancakes above it.
Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.
The Peace Corps is a volunteer program run by the United States government.
Pearl Jam is an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington, in 1990.
Peking University (abbreviated PKU or Beida; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: běi jīng dà xué) is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Peter Mark Rinearson (born April 8, 1954, Seattle) is an American journalist, author and businessman.
Philanthropy means the love of humanity.
Pickleball is a paddle sport (similar to a racquet sport) that combines elements of badminton, tennis, and table tennis.
Pirates of Silicon Valley is an original 1999 American made for television biographical drama film, directed by Martyn Burke and starring Noah Wyle as Steve Jobs and Anthony Michael Hall as Bill Gates.
Popular Electronics is an American magazine published by John August Media, LLC, and hosted at TechnicaCuriosa.com.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.
Programmed Data Processor (PDP), referred to by some customers, media and authors as "Programmable Data Processor, is a term used by the Digital Equipment Corporation from 1957 to 1990 for several lines of minicomputers.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
Raymond "Ray" Ozzie (born November 20, 1955) is an American software industry entrepreneur who held the positions of Chief Technical Officer and Chief Software Architect at Microsoft between 2005 and 2010.
Reclaimed or recycled water (also called wastewater reuse or water reclamation) is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes.
Reddit (stylized in its logo as reddit) is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website.
ResearchGate is a social networking site for scientists and researchers to share papers, ask and answer questions, and find collaborators.
Richard W. "Ric" Weiland (April 21, 1953 – June 24, 2006) was a computer software pioneer, programmer and philanthropist.
Clinton Richard Dawkins (born 26 March 1941) is an English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and author.
Robin Li or Li Yanhong (born 17 November 1968) is a Chinese Internet entrepreneur, co-founder of the search engine Baidu, and one of the richest people in China, with a net worth of US$18.5 billion as of October 2017.
The Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) is a philanthropic foundation created and run by members of the Rockefeller family.
The Rockefeller family is an American industrial, political, and banking family that owns one of the world's largest fortunes.
Roger Federer (born 8 August 1981) is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
Rotary International is an international service organization whose stated purpose is to bring together business and professional leaders in order to provide humanitarian services, encourage high ethical standards in all vocations, and to advance goodwill and peace around the world.
KTH Royal Institute of Technology (KTH; Kungliga Tekniska högskolan) is a university in Stockholm, Sweden, specialized in Engineering and Technology, it ranks highest in northern mainland Europe in its academic fields.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
The SAP Center (originally known as the San Jose Arena) is an indoor arena located in San Jose, California.
The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
Satya Narayana Nadella (born 19 August 1967) is an Indian American business executive.
Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.
Saudi Vision 2030 (رؤية السعودية 2030) is a plan to reduce Saudi Arabia's dependence on oil, diversify its economy, and develop public service sectors such as health, education, infrastructure, recreation and tourism.
Savannah Clark Guthrie (born December 27, 1971) is an Australian-American broadcast journalist and attorney.
Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Presbyterian and other Ulster Protestant Dissenters from various parts of Ireland, but usually from the province of Ulster, who migrated during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Seattle is a seaport city on the west coast of the United States.
Seattle Computer Products (SCP) was a Seattle, Washington, microcomputer hardware company which was one of the first manufacturers of computer systems based on the 16-bit Intel 8086 processor.
Seinfeld is an American television sitcom that ran for nine seasons on NBC, from 1989 to 1998.
Sewage sludge treatment describes the processes used to manage and dispose of sewage sludge produced during sewage treatment.
A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.
The Sherman Antitrust Act (Sherman Act) is a landmark federal statute in the history of United States antitrust law (or "competition law") passed by Congress in 1890 under the presidency of Benjamin Harrison.
The Silver Buffalo Award is the national-level distinguished service award of the Boy Scouts of America.
A software architect is a software expert who makes high-level design choices and dictates technical standards, including software coding standards, tools, and platforms.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Steven Anthony Ballmer (born March 24, 1956) is an American businessman, investor and philanthropist who was the chief executive officer of Microsoft from January 2000 to February 2014, and is the current owner of the Los Angeles Clippers of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author.
A superintelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds.
Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies is a 2014 book by the Swedish philosopher Nick Bostrom from the University of Oxford.
Swaziland, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini since April 2018 (Swazi: Umbuso weSwatini), is a landlocked sovereign state in Southern Africa.
A technical advisor is an individual who is an expert in a particular field of knowledge, hired to provide detailed information and advice to people working in that field.
The Teletype Corporation, a part of American Telephone and Telegraph Company's Western Electric manufacturing arm since 1930, came into being in 1928 when the Morkrum-Kleinschmidt Company changed its name to the name of its trademark equipment.
The Teletype Model 33 is an electromechanical teleprinter designed for light-duty office.
TerraPower is a nuclear reactor design company headquartered in Bellevue, Washington, in the United States.
The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined is a 2011 book by Steven Pinker, in which the author argues that violence in the world has declined both in the long run and in the short run and suggests explanations as to why this has occurred.
The Dating Game is an ABC television show.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Giving Pledge is a campaign to encourage wealthy people to contribute a majority of their wealth to philanthropic causes.
The Great Courses (TGC) is a series of college-level audio and video courses produced and distributed by The Teaching Company, an American company based in Chantilly, Virginia.
The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West and East Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Machine That Changed the World (1992) (broadcast under the alternative title "The Dream Machine" in the UK, with different narration) is a 5-episode television series on the history of electronic digital computers.
The Power of Half: One Family's Decision to Stop Taking and Start Giving Back is a book written by Kevin Salwen and his teenage daughter Hannah in 2010.
The Road Ahead is a book written by Bill Gates, co-founder and then-CEO of the Microsoft software company, together with Microsoft executive Nathan Myhrvold and journalist Peter Rinearson.
The Social Network is a 2010 American biographical drama film directed by David Fincher and written by Aaron Sorkin.
The Sunday Times is the largest-selling British national newspaper in the "quality press" market category.
The Tech Awards is a program of The Tech Museum of Innovation wherein innovators from any country are recognized for technological contributions which benefit the greatest number of people.
The Tonight Show is an American late-night talk show currently broadcast from the NBC studios in Rockefeller Center in New York City (and previously from various studios in the Los Angeles region) and airing on NBC since 1954.
The Virtual Revolution is a British television documentary series presented by Aleks Krotoski, which began airing on BBC Two on 30 January 2010.
The World's Billionaires is an annual ranking by documented net worth of the world's wealthiest billionaires compiled and published in March annually by the American business magazine Forbes.
Tic-tac-toe (also known as noughts and crosses or Xs and Os) is a paper-and-pencil game for two players, X and O, who take turns marking the spaces in a 3×3 grid.
Tim Paterson (born 1956) is an American computer programmer, best known for creating 86-DOS, an operating system for the Intel 8086.
Time 100 (often written in all-caps as TIME 100) is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by the American news magazine Time.
Person of the Year (called Man of the Year or Woman of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...
Today, also called The Today Show, is an American news and talk morning television show that airs on NBC.
Touchstone Pictures is an American film distribution label of Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
Traf-O-Data was a business partnership between Bill Gates, Paul Allen and Paul Gilbert that existed in the 1970s.
A traffic count is a count of vehicular or pedestrian traffic, which is conducted along a particular road, path, or intersection.
Triumph of the Nerds is a 1996 British/American television documentary, produced by John Gau Productions and Oregon Public Broadcasting for Channel 4 and PBS.
The TRS-80 Model 100 is a portable computer introduced in 1983.
Tsinghua University (abbreviated THU;; also romanized as Qinghua) is a major research university in Beijing, China and a member of the elite C9 League of Chinese universities.
Tying (informally, product tying) is the practice of selling one product or service as a mandatory addition to the purchase of a different product or service.
UNCF, the United Negro College Fund, also known as the United Fund, is an American philanthropic organization that funds scholarships for black students and general scholarship funds for 37 private historically black colleges and universities.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States antitrust law is a collection of federal and state government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
United States v. Microsoft Corporation, 253 F.3d 34 (D.C. Cir. 2001), is a U.S. antitrust law case, ultimately settled by the Department of Justice (DOJ), in which Microsoft Corporation was accused of holding a monopoly and engaging in anti-competitive practices contrary to sections 1 and 2 of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
United Way of America (now United Way Worldwide) based in Alexandria, Virginia, is a nonprofit organization that works with almost 1,200 local United Way offices throughout the country in a coalition of charitable organizations to pool efforts in fundraising and support.
The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD or UT Dallas) is a public research university in the University of Texas System.
Upside was a San Francisco-based business and technology magazine for venture capitalists.
A very light jet (VLJ), entry-level jet or personal jet, previously known as a microjet, is a category of small business jets seating four to eight people and often with a maximum takeoff weight of or under, although the Embraer Phenom 100, HondaJet and Cessna Citation M2 are all slightly over.
Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) or hypovitaminosis A is a lack of vitamin A in blood and tissues.
Waiting for "Superman" is a 2010 American documentary film directed by Davis Guggenheim and produced by Lesley Chilcott.
Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist who serves as the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway.
, abbreviated as, is a Japanese private research university in Shinjuku, Tokyo.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.
The Wellcome Trust is a biomedical research charity based in London, United Kingdom.
The WGBH Educational Foundation was established in 1951 in Boston, Massachusetts as an American nonprofit organization that oversees all of the PBS member stations licensed to the state of Massachusetts: the WGBH stations in Boston (WGBH-TV, the foundation's flagship property, and WGBX-TV) and WGBY-TV in Springfield.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William Henry Gates II (born November 30, 1925), better known as Bill Gates Sr., is a retired American attorney and philanthropist and author of the book Showing Up for Life: Thoughts on the Gifts of a Lifetime.
Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
Ziff Davis, LLC is an American publisher and Internet company.
86-DOS is a discontinued operating system developed and marketed by Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for its Intel 8086-based computer kit.
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