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Billie Holiday

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Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), better known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz singer with a career spanning nearly thirty years. [1]

244 relations: Abel Meeropol, Adventures in Jazz, Aladdin Records, All of Me (jazz standard), All or Nothing at All (album), American Broadcasting Company, American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, Amiri Baraka, An Evening with Billie Holiday, Arlene Francis, Arthur Herzog Jr., Arthur Murray, Artie Shaw, Artists and repertoire, Associated Press, Audra McDonald, Benny Goodman, Bernie Hanighen, Bessie Smith, Bevan Dufty, Billboard (magazine), Billboard Hot 100, Billie Dove, Billie Holiday (album), Billie Holiday Sings, Billie's Blues, Billy Stewart, Bing Crosby, Blacklisting, Bluebird Records, Bobby Tucker, Body and Soul (1930 song), Body and Soul (Billie Holiday album), Box set, Brunswick Records, Buddy DeFranco, Café Society, Capitol Records, Cardiovascular disease, Carmen McRae, Carnegie Hall, CBS, Charles Laughton, Chick Webb, Cirrhosis, Citizen Kane, Clarence Holiday, Clef Records, Cleo Brown, Club Oasis, ..., Cole Porter, Columbia Records, Commodore Records, Contralto, Count Basie, Crazy He Calls Me, Dave Garroway, Decca Records, Detour Ahead, Diana Ross, Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?, Don't Explain (song), DownBeat, Duke Ellington, Easy Living (song), Ebony (magazine), Eddie Condon, Ella Fitzgerald, Embraceable You, Federal Prison Camp, Alderson, Fine and Mellow, Fletcher Henderson, Frank Sinatra, Fred Astaire, George Gershwin, Glen Gray, God Bless the Child (Billie Holiday song), Good Morning Heartache, Grammy Award, Grammy Hall of Fame, Greenwich Village, Harlem, Harry J. Anslinger, Heart failure, Helen Forrest, Herbert Biberman, Herbie Nichols, Heroin, Hollywood blacklist, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Humanity & Society, I Can't Get Started, I Cover the Waterfront (song), I Cried for You, I Loves You, Porgy, I Only Have Eyes for You, I Thought About You, I'll Be Seeing You (song), I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You), I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm, Impresario, International News Service, Jackie Gleason, Jazz, Jazz Party (TV series), Jazz standard, Jimmy Raney, Jimmy Rushing, Jo Stafford, Joe Glaser, Joe Guy (musician), Joel Whitburn, John Hammond (producer), John Szwed, Jukebox, Jules Levey, Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill, Lady in Satin, Lady Sings the Blues (Billie Holiday album), Lady Sings the Blues (book), Lady Sings the Blues (film), Lady Sings the Blues (song), Last Recording, Lena Horne, Leonard Feather, Lester Young, List of craters on Venus, List of people on the postage stamps of the United States, List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees, Liver disease, Lorraine Feather, Louis Armstrong, Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?), LP record, Lynching, Mafia, Manhattan, Martha Raye, McCarthyism, Metronome magazine, Metropolitan Hospital Center, MGM Records, Milt Gabler, Miss Brown to You, Mon Homme, Monette Moore, Music for Torching (album), Musical improvisation, Musical short, My Funny Valentine, Narcotic, Nat Hentoff, New Orleans (disambiguation), New York Amsterdam News, New York City, New York City Cabaret Card, New York Herald Tribune, New York Post, Night and Day (song), No More (1944 song), Okeh Records, Orson Welles, Paul Whiteman, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Phonograph record, Phrase (music theory), Playbill, Pod's and Jerry's, Pop music, Porgy and Bess, Pulmonary edema, Racial segregation in the United States, Ram Ramirez, Ray Ellis, Ray Noble, Reality television, Red Mitchell, Red Norvo, Reform school, Richard Brody, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Saint Raymond's Cemetery (Bronx), Salvador Camarata, Sandtown-Winchester, Baltimore, Sarah Vaughan, Savoy Ballroom, Saxophone, Songs for Distingué Lovers, Sonny Clark, St. Paul the Apostle Church (Manhattan), Stay with Me (Billie Holiday album), Steve Allen, Stockholm, Strange Fruit, String section, Sugar Chile Robinson, Billie Holiday, Count Basie and His Sextet, Summertime (George Gershwin song), Sweden, Swing era, Swing music, Symphony in Black, Tallulah Bankhead, Teddy Wilson, Tempo, Tenor saxophone, That Ole Devil Called Love, The Comeback Story, The Emperor Jones (1933 film), The Essential Billie Holiday: Carnegie Hall Concert Recorded Live, The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert, The Harlem Alhambra, The Man I Love (song), The New York City Jazz Record, The New York Times, The Sound of Jazz, The Tonight Show, Them There Eyes, They Can't Take That Away from Me, Time (magazine), Tommy Dorsey, Tony Pastor (bandleader), Tony Scott, Too Marvelous for Words, Trav'lin' Light (song), Truancy, United Artists Records, United Press International, Universal Pictures, Velvet Mood, Verve Records, Viola, Vocalion Records, WCBS (AM), We the People (U.S. TV series), What a Little Moonlight Can Do, What Is This Thing Called Love?, William Dufty, Willow Weep for Me, Woody Herman, Workhouse, Yankee Doodle, 133rd Street (Manhattan), 52nd Street (Manhattan). Expand index (194 more) »

Abel Meeropol

Abel Meeropol (February 14, 1903 – October 29, 1986)Baker, Nancy Kovaleff, "Abel Meeropol (a.k.a. Lewis Allan): Political Commentator and Social Conscience," American Music 20/1 (2002), pp.

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Adventures in Jazz

Adventures in Jazz is a 1949 CBS television show.

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Aladdin Records

Aladdin Records was a record company and label founded in Los Angeles in 1945 by brothers Eddie and Leo Mesner.

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All of Me (jazz standard)

"All of Me" is a popular song and jazz standard written by Gerald Marks and Seymour Simons in 1931.

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All or Nothing at All (album)

All or Nothing at All is a studio album by Billie Holiday, recorded in 1956 and 1957 and released by Verve Records in 1958.

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American Broadcasting Company

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers

The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an American not-for-profit performance-rights organization (PRO) that protects its members' musical copyrights by monitoring public performances of their music, whether via a broadcast or live performance, and compensating them accordingly.

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Amiri Baraka

Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones; October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014), previously known as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amear Baraka, was an African-American writer of poetry, drama, fiction, essays and music criticism.

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An Evening with Billie Holiday

An Evening with Billie Holiday (MG C-144) is the second 10 inch LP studio album by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released by Clef Records in 1953.

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Arlene Francis

Arlene Francis (born Arline Francis Kazanjian; October 20, 1907 – May 31, 2001) was an American actress, radio and television talk show host, and game show panelist.

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Arthur Herzog Jr.

Arthur Herzog Jr. (December 13, 1900 in New York City – September 1, 1983 in Detroit, Michigan) was a songwriter and composer.

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Arthur Murray

Arthur Murray (born Moses Teichman, April 4, 1895 – March 3, 1991) was an American ballroom dancer and businessman, whose name is most often associated with the dance studio chain that bears his name.

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Artie Shaw

Artie Shaw (born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky; May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, bandleader, and actor.

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Artists and repertoire

Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters.

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Audra McDonald

Audra Ann McDonald (born July 3, 1970) is a German-born American actress and singer.

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Benny Goodman

Benjamin David "Benny" Goodman (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz clarinetist and bandleader known as the "King of Swing".

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Bernie Hanighen

Bernard D. Hanighen (April 27, 1908, Omaha, Nebraska – October 19, 1976, New York City, New York) was an American songwriter and record producer best known for "When a Woman Loves a Man" and writing lyrics to the jazz composition "'Round Midnight" which was composed by jazz musician Thelonious Monk.

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Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.

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Bevan Dufty

Bevan Dufty (born February 27, 1955) is an American politician and Director of HOPE (Housing Opportunity, Partnerships and Engagement) for the City and County of San Francisco.

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Billboard (magazine)

Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.

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Billboard Hot 100

The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.

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Billie Dove

Billie Dove (May 14, 1903 – December 31, 1997) was an American actress.

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Billie Holiday (album)

Billie Holiday (MG C-161) is the third 10 inch LP album of original material by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released on Clef Records in 1954 (her final album would also be given the same title, prior to being changed to Last Recording instead).

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Billie Holiday Sings

Billie Holiday Sings (MGC-118) is a 10 inch LP album made by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released in the United States by Clef Records in 1952.

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Billie's Blues

"Billie's Blues" is a blues song written by jazz singer Billie Holiday, composing it just before being recorded in a session in 1936.

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Billy Stewart

William Larry Stewart II (March 24, 1937 – January 17, 1970) was an American rhythm and blues singer and pianist who was popular during the 1960s.

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Bing Crosby

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977)Giddins 2001, pp.

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Blacklisting

Blacklisting is the action of a group or authority, compiling a blacklist (or black list) of people, countries or other entities to be avoided or distrusted as not being acceptable to those making the list.

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Bluebird Records

Bluebird Records was a record label known for its low-cost releases, primarily of blues and jazz in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Bobby Tucker

Bobby Tucker (born Robert Nathaniel Tucker; January 8, 1923 – April 12, 2008) was a pianist and arranger during the jazz era from the 1940s into the 1960s.

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Body and Soul (1930 song)

"Body and Soul" is a popular song and jazz standard written in 1930 with lyrics by Edward Heyman, Robert Sour and Frank Eyton; and music by Johnny Green.

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Body and Soul (Billie Holiday album)

Body and Soul is a studio album made by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released in 1957.

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Box set

A box set or boxed set is a set of items (for example, a compilation of books, musical recordings, films or television programs) packaged in a box, for sale as a single unit.

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Brunswick Records

Brunswick Records is an American record label founded in 1916.

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Buddy DeFranco

Boniface Ferdinand Leonard "Buddy" DeFranco (February 17, 1923 – December 24, 2014) was an Italian American jazz clarinet player.

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Café Society

Café Society was a New York City nightclub open from 1938 to 1948 at Sheridan Square in Greenwich Village, and managed by Barney Josephson.

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Capitol Records

Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint.

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

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Carmen McRae

Carmen Mercedes McRae (April 8, 1922 – November 10, 1994) was an American jazz singer.

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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall (but more commonly) is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park.

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CBS

CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.

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Charles Laughton

Charles Laughton (1 July 1899 – 15 December 1962) was an English stage and film actor, director, producer and screenwriter.

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Chick Webb

William Henry "Chick" Webb (February 10, 1905 – June 16, 1939) was an American jazz and swing music drummer as well as a band leader.

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Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.

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Citizen Kane

Citizen Kane is a 1941 American mystery drama film by Orson Welles, its producer, co-screenwriter, director and star.

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Clarence Holiday

Clarence Halliday (Baltimore, 23 July 1898 – Dallas, 1 March 1937), also known as Clarence Holiday, was an American musician.

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Clef Records

Clef Records was an American jazz record label founded by Norman Granz in 1946.

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Cleo Brown

Cleopatra Brown (December 8, 1907 or 1909 – April 15, 1995), known as Cleo Brown, C. Patra Brown or Cleo Patra Brown, was an American blues and jazz vocalist and pianist.

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Club Oasis

Club Oasis is a 24-episode half-hour comedy-variety show, set in a chic simulated nightclub, which appeared on NBC in the 1957–1958 television season.

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Cole Porter

Cole Albert Porter (June 9, 1891 – October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter.

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Columbia Records

Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony.

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Commodore Records

Commodore Records was an American independent record label known for producing Dixieland jazz and swing.

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Contralto

A contralto is a type of classical female singing voice whose vocal range is the lowest female voice type.

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Count Basie

William James "Count" Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer.

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Crazy He Calls Me

"Crazy He Calls Me" is a 1949 jazz standard.

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Dave Garroway

David Cunningham "Dave" Garroway (July 13, 1913 – July 21, 1982) was an American television personality.

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Decca Records

Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis.

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Detour Ahead

"Detour Ahead" is a jazz standard with words and music credited to Herb Ellis, John Frigo, and Lou Carter.

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Diana Ross

Diana Ernestine Ross (born March 26, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and record producer.

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Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?

"Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans" is a song written by Eddie DeLange and Louis Alter, which was first heard in the movie New Orleans in 1947, where it was performed by Louis Armstrong and sung by Billie Holiday.

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Don't Explain (song)

"Don't Explain" is a song written by jazz singer Billie Holiday and Arthur Herzog Jr.

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DownBeat

DownBeat (stylized DOWNBEAT) is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond", the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years.

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Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.

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Easy Living (song)

"Easy Living" (1937) is a jazz standard written by Ralph Rainger and lyrics by Leo Robin for the film Easy Living directed by Mitchell Leisen.

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Ebony (magazine)

Ebony is a monthly magazine for the African-American market.

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Eddie Condon

Albert Edwin Condon (November 16, 1905 – August 4, 1973) was an American jazz banjoist, guitarist, and bandleader.

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Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer sometimes referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella.

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Embraceable You

"Embraceable You" is a popular jazz song, with music by George Gershwin and lyrics by Ira Gershwin.

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Federal Prison Camp, Alderson

The Federal Prison Camp, Alderson (FPC Alderson) is a minimum-security United States federal prison for female inmates in West Virginia.

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Fine and Mellow

"Fine and Mellow" is a jazz standard written by Billie Holiday, who first recorded it on April 20, 1939 on the Commodore label.

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Fletcher Henderson

James Fletcher Hamilton Henderson Jr. (December 18, 1897 – December 29, 1952) was an American pianist, bandleader, arranger and composer, important in the development of big band jazz and swing music.

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Frank Sinatra

Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer, actor, and producer who was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century.

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Fred Astaire

Fred Astaire (born Frederick Austerlitz; May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987) was an American dancer, singer, actor, choreographer and television presenter.

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George Gershwin

George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

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Glen Gray

Glenn Gray Knoblauch (June 7, 1900 – August 23, 1963), known professionally as Glen Gray, was a jazz saxophonist and leader of the Casa Loma Orchestra.

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God Bless the Child (Billie Holiday song)

"God Bless the Child" is a song written by Billie Holiday and Arthur Herzog, Jr. in 1939.

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Good Morning Heartache

"Good Morning Heartache" (Decca Records) is a song written by Irene Higginbotham, Ervin Drake, and Dan Fisher.

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Grammy Award

A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.

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Grammy Hall of Fame

The Grammy Hall of Fame is a hall of fame to honor musical recordings of lasting qualitative or historical significance.

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Greenwich Village

Greenwich Village often referred to by locals as simply "the Village", is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan, New York City.

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Harlem

Harlem is a large neighborhood in the northern section of the New York City borough of Manhattan.

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Harry J. Anslinger

Harry Jacob Anslinger (May 20, 1892 – November 14, 1975) was a United States government official who served as the first commissioner of the U.S. Treasury Department's Federal Bureau of Narcotics.

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Heart failure

Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.

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Helen Forrest

Helen Forrest (April 12, 1917 – July 11, 1999) was an American singer of traditional pop and swing music.

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Herbert Biberman

Herbert J. Biberman (March 4, 1900 – June 30, 1971) was an American screenwriter and film director.

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Herbie Nichols

Herbert Horatio Nichols (3 January 1919 – 12 April 1963) was an American jazz pianist and composer who wrote the jazz standard "Lady Sings the Blues".

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Heroin

Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.

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Hollywood blacklist

The Hollywood blacklist - as the broader entertainment industry blacklist is generally known - was the practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians, and other American entertainment professionals during the mid-20th century because they were accused of having Communist ties or sympathies.

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Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs

The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop/Rap Songs is a record chart that ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard.

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Humanity & Society

Humanity & Society is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal published by Sage Publications, and is the official journal of the Association for Humanist Sociology (AHS).

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I Can't Get Started

"I Can't Get Started" (also known as "I Can't Get Started with You" or "I Can't Get Started (with You)") is a popular song, with lyrics by Ira Gershwin and music by Vernon Duke (1936), that was first heard in the theatrical production Ziegfeld Follies of 1936 where it was sung by Bob Hope.

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I Cover the Waterfront (song)

"I Cover the Waterfront" is a 1933 popular song and jazz standard composed by Johnny Green with lyrics by Edward Heyman.

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I Cried for You

"I Cried for You" is a pop and jazz standard with music written by Gus Arnheim and Abe Lyman, with lyrics by Arthur Freed.

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I Loves You, Porgy

"I Loves You, Porgy" is a duet from the opera Porgy and Bess with music by George Gershwin and lyrics by Ira Gershwin.

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I Only Have Eyes for You

"I Only Have Eyes for You" is a romantic love song by composer Harry Warren and lyricist Al Dubin, written for the film Dames (1934) where it was introduced by Dick Powell and Ruby Keeler.

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I Thought About You

"I Thought About You" is a 1939 popular song composed by Jimmy Van Heusen with lyrics by Johnny Mercer.

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I'll Be Seeing You (song)

"I'll Be Seeing You" is a popular song, with music by Sammy Fain and lyrics by Irving Kahal.

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I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You)

"I'll Get By (As Long as I Have You)" is a popular song with music by Fred E. Ahlert and lyrics by Roy Turk.

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I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm

"I've Got My Love to Keep Me Warm" is a popular song written in 1937 by Irving Berlin.

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Impresario

An impresario (from the Italian impresa, "an enterprise or undertaking") is a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, or operas, performing a role similar to that of an artist manager or a film or television producer.

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International News Service

The International News Service (INS) was a U.S.-based news agency (newswire) founded by newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in 1909.

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Jackie Gleason

John Herbert Gleason (February 26, 1916June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, writer, composer and conductor.

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Jazz

Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jazz Party (TV series)

Jazz Party, also known as Art Ford's Jazz Party, was a TV series featuring jazz musicians on WNTA-TV in New York City, and which aired on Thursdays at 9pm ET from May 8, 1958 to December 25, 1958.

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Jazz standard

Jazz standards are musical compositions that are an important part of the musical repertoire of jazz musicians, in that they are widely known, performed, and recorded by jazz musicians, and widely known by listeners.

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Jimmy Raney

James Elbert Raney (August 20, 1927 – May 9, 1995) was an American jazz guitarist born in Louisville, Kentucky, known for his work from 1951 to 1952 and then from 1953 to 1954 with the Red Norvo trio (replacing Tal Farlow) and, during the same time period, with Stan Getz.

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Jimmy Rushing

James Andrew Rushing (August 26, 1901 – June 8, 1972) was an American blues shouter, balladeer, swing jazz singer, and pianist from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, best known as the featured vocalist of Count Basie's Orchestra from 1935 to 1948.

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Jo Stafford

Jo Elizabeth Stafford (November 12, 1917July 16, 2008) was an American traditional pop music singer and occasional actress, whose career spanned five decades from the late 1930s to the early 1980s.

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Joe Glaser

Joseph G. "Joe" Glaser (December 17, 1896 – June 6, 1969) was an artist manager famous for his involvement in the careers of jazz musicians, including Louis Armstrong and Billie Holiday.

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Joe Guy (musician)

Joseph Luke Guy (September 20, 1920 – 1962) was an American jazz trumpeter.

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Joel Whitburn

Joel Carver Whitburn (born November 29, 1939) is an American author and music historian.

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John Hammond (producer)

John Henry Hammond II (December 15, 1910 – July 10, 1987) was an American record producer, civil rights activist, and music critic from the 1930s to the early 1980s.

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John Szwed

John F. Szwed (born 1936) is the John M. Musser Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, African American Studies and Film Studies at Yale University and an Adjunct Senior Research Scholar in the Center for Jazz Studies at Columbia University, where he previously served as the Center's Director and Professor of Music and Jazz Studies.

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Jukebox

A jukebox is a partially automated music-playing device, usually a coin-operated machine, that will play a patron's selection from self-contained media.

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Jules Levey

Jules Levey (May 2, 1896, Rochester, New York City – January 2, 1975, New York) was the producer of the Frank Buck movie Jacaré.

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Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill

Lady Day at Emerson's Bar and Grill is a play with music by Lanie Robertson, recounting some events in the life of Billie Holiday.

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Lady in Satin

Lady in Satin is an album by jazz singer Billie Holiday released in 1958 on Columbia Records, catalogue CL 1157 in mono and CS 8048 in stereo.

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Lady Sings the Blues (Billie Holiday album)

Lady Sings the Blues is an album by American jazz vocalist Billie Holiday.

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Lady Sings the Blues (book)

Lady Sings the Blues (1956) is an autobiography by jazz singer Billie Holiday, which was co-authored by William Dufty.

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Lady Sings the Blues (film)

Lady Sings the Blues is a 1972 American biographical drama film directed by Sidney J. Furie about jazz singer Billie Holiday, loosely based on her 1956 autobiography which, in turn, took its title from one of Holiday's most popular songs.

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Lady Sings the Blues (song)

"Lady Sings the Blues" is a song written by jazz singer Billie Holiday, and jazz pianist Herbie Nichols.

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Last Recording

Last Recording, originally titled Billie Holiday before her death, is the last album of Billie Holiday released in 1959, five years after the original album titled Billie Holiday was released.

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Lena Horne

Lena Mary Calhoun Horne (June 30, 1917 – May 9, 2010) was an African American singer, dancer, actress, and civil rights activist.

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Leonard Feather

Leonard Geoffrey Feather (13 September 1914 – 22 September 1994) was a British-born jazz pianist, composer, and producer who was best known for his music journalism and other writing.

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Lester Young

Lester Willis Young (August 27, 1909 – March 15, 1959), nicknamed "Pres" or "Prez", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist and occasional clarinetist.

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List of craters on Venus

This is a list of craters on Venus, named by the International Astronomical Union's (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature.

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List of people on the postage stamps of the United States

This article lists people who have been featured on United States postage stamps, listed by their name, the year they were first featured on a stamp, and a very short description of their notability.

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List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, established in 1983 and located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, is dedicated to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential musicians, bands, producers, and others that have in some major way influenced the music industry, particularly in the area of rock and roll.

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Liver disease

Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.

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Lorraine Feather

Lorraine Feather (born Billie Jane Lee Lorraine Feather; September 10, 1948) is an American singer, lyricist, and songwriter.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.

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Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)

"Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)" (often called simply "Lover Man") is a 1941 popular song written by Jimmy Davis, Roger ("Ram") Ramirez, and James Sherman.

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LP record

The LP (from "long playing" or "long play") is an analog sound storage medium, a vinyl record format characterized by a speed of rpm, a 12- or 10-inch (30 or 25 cm) diameter, and use of the "microgroove" groove specification.

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Lynching

Lynching is a premeditated extrajudicial killing by a group.

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Mafia

A mafia is a type of organized crime syndicate whose primary activities are protection racketeering, the arbitration of disputes between criminals, and the organizing and oversight of illegal agreements and transactions.

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Manhattan

Manhattan is the most densely populated borough of New York City, its economic and administrative center, and its historical birthplace.

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Martha Raye

Martha Raye (August 27, 1916 – October 19, 1994) was an American comic actress and singer who performed in movies, and later on television.

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McCarthyism

McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence.

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Metronome magazine

Metronome Magazine (or Metronome) was a music magazine published from 1881 until 1961.

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Metropolitan Hospital Center

Metropolitan Hospital Center (MHC, also referred to as Metropolitan Hospital) is a hospital in East Harlem, New York City.

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MGM Records

MGM Records was a record label started by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio in 1946 for the purpose of releasing soundtrack albums of their musical films.

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Milt Gabler

Milton "Milt" Gabler (May 20, 1911 – July 20, 2001) was an American record producer, responsible for many innovations in the recording industry of the 20th century.

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Miss Brown to You

"Miss Brown to You" is a song with music composed by Richard A. Whiting and Ralph Rainger, and lyrics written by Leo Robin.

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Mon Homme

"Mon Homme" is a popular song known by its English translation, "My Man".

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Monette Moore

Monette Moore (May 19, 1902 in Gainesville, Texas – October 21, 1962 in Garden Grove, California) was an American jazz and classic female blues singer.

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Music for Torching (album)

Music for Torching (MGC 669) is a studio album by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released in 1955 by Clef Records.

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Musical improvisation

Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.

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Musical short

The musical short (a.k.a. musical short film, a.k.a. musical featurette) can be traced back to the earliest days of sound films.

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My Funny Valentine

"My Funny Valentine" is a show tune from the 1937 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart musical Babes in Arms in which it was introduced by former child star Mitzi Green.

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Narcotic

The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.

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Nat Hentoff

Nathan Irving "Nat" Hentoff (June 10, 1925 – January 7, 2017) was an American historian, novelist, jazz and country music critic, and syndicated columnist for United Media.

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New Orleans (disambiguation)

New Orleans is a city and a metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana.

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New York Amsterdam News

The New York Amsterdam News is an American weekly newspaper geared to the African-American community of New York City, New York.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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New York City Cabaret Card

The New York City Cabaret Identification Card was a permit required of all workers, including performers, in nightclubs in New York City from Prohibition to 1967.

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New York Herald Tribune

The New York Herald Tribune was a newspaper published between 1924 and 1966.

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New York Post

The New York Post is the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States and a leading digital media publisher that reached more than 57 million unique visitors in the U.S. in January 2017.

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Night and Day (song)

"Night and Day" is a popular song by Cole Porter that was written for the 1932 musical Gay Divorce.

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No More (1944 song)

"No More" is a song with music by Toots Camarata (also known as Tutti Camarata) and words by Bob Russell.

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Okeh Records

Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918.

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Orson Welles

George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film.

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Paul Whiteman

Paul Samuel Whiteman (March 28, 1890 – December 29, 1967) was an American bandleader, composer, orchestral director, and violinist.

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Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.

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Philadelphia

Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.

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Phonograph record

A phonograph record (also known as a gramophone record, especially in British English, or record) is an analog sound storage medium in the form of a flat disc with an inscribed, modulated spiral groove.

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Phrase (music theory)

In music theory, a phrase (φράση) is a unit of musical meter that has a complete musical sense of its own, built from figures, motifs, and cells, and combining to form melodies, periods and larger sections.

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Playbill

Playbill is a monthly U.S. magazine for theatregoers.

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Pod's and Jerry's

Pod's and Jerry's, officially the Catagonia Club, was a cabaret and jazz club on 133rd Street in Harlem, New York City.

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Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.

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Porgy and Bess

Porgy and Bess is an English-language opera by the American composer George Gershwin, with a libretto written by author DuBose Heyward and lyricist Ira Gershwin.

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Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema is fluid accumulation in the tissue and air spaces of the lungs.

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Racial segregation in the United States

Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, includes the segregation or separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.

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Ram Ramirez

Roger J. Ramirez (15 September 1913 in San Juan, Puerto Rico – 11 January 1994 in Queens, New York) was a Puerto Rican jazz pianist and composer.

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Ray Ellis

Ray Ellis (July 28, 1923 – October 27, 2008) was an American record producer, arranger and conductor.

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Ray Noble

Raymond Stanley Noble (17 December 1903 – 3 April 1978) was an English bandleader, composer, arranger, radio comedian, and actor.

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Reality television

Reality television is a genre of television programming that documents supposedly unscripted real-life situations, and often features an otherwise unknown cast of individuals who are typically not professional actors, although in some shows celebrities may participate.

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Red Mitchell

Keith Moore "Red" Mitchell (September 20, 1927 – November 8, 1992), was an American jazz double-bassist, composer, lyricist, and poet.

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Red Norvo

Red Norvo (born Kenneth Norville, March 31, 1908 – April 6, 1999) was one of jazz's early vibraphonists, known as "Mr.

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Reform school

In the United States, a reform school was a penal institution, generally for teenagers.

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Richard Brody

Richard Brody is an American film critic who has written for The New Yorker since 1999.

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Rock and Roll Hall of Fame

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll.

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Saint Raymond's Cemetery (Bronx)

Saint Raymond's Cemetery is a Roman Catholic cemetery at 2600 Lafayette Avenue in the Throggs Neck and Schuylerville sections of the Bronx, New York City, United States.

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Salvador Camarata

Salvador "Tutti" Camarata (May 11, 1913 – April 13, 2005) was a composer, arranger, trumpeter, and record producer.

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Sandtown-Winchester, Baltimore

Sandtown-Winchester is a neighborhood in West Baltimore, Maryland.

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Sarah Vaughan

Sarah Lois Vaughan (March 27, 1924 – April 3, 1990) was an American jazz singer.

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Savoy Ballroom

The Savoy Ballroom was a large ballroom for music and public dancing located at 596 Lenox Avenue, between 140th and 141st Streets in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City.

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Saxophone

The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

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Songs for Distingué Lovers

Songs for Distingué Lovers is an album by jazz singer Billie Holiday released in 1957 on Verve Records.

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Sonny Clark

Conrad Yeatis "Sonny" Clark (July 21, 1931 – January 13, 1963) was an American jazz pianist who mainly worked in the hard bop idiom.

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St. Paul the Apostle Church (Manhattan)

The Church of St. Paul the Apostle is a Roman Catholic church located at 8-10 Columbus Avenue on the corner of West 60th Street, in the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City. It is the mother church of the Paulist Fathers, the first order of Roman Catholic priests founded in the United States.Lafort, Remigius.. (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914), p.363.

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Stay with Me (Billie Holiday album)

'Stay with Me' (MGV 8302) is an album by jazz singer Billie Holiday accompanied by Tony Scott and his Orchestra.

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Steve Allen

Stephen Valentine Patrick William Allen (December 26, 1921 – October 30, 2000) was an American television personality, radio personality, musician, composer, actor, comedian, writer, and advocate of scientific skepticism.

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Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

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Strange Fruit

"Strange Fruit" is a song performed most famously by Billie Holiday, who first sang and recorded it in 1939.

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String section

The string section is composed of bowed instruments belonging to the violin family.

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Sugar Chile Robinson, Billie Holiday, Count Basie and His Sextet

"Sugar Chile" Robinson, Billie Holiday, Count Basie and His Sextet is a 1950 short film presenting five jazz numbers in a 15-minute running time.

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Summertime (George Gershwin song)

"Summertime" is an aria composed in 1934 by George Gershwin for the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swing era

The swing era (also frequently referred to as the "big band era") was the period of time (1935–1946) when big band swing music was the most popular music in the United States.

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Swing music

Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Symphony in Black

Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life is a nine-and-a-half minute musical short produced in 1935 that features Duke Ellington’s early extended piece, "A Rhapsody of Negro Life".

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Tallulah Bankhead

Tallulah Brockman Bankhead (January 31, 1902 – December 12, 1968) was an American actress of the stage and screen.

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Teddy Wilson

Theodore Shaw Wilson (November 24, 1912 – July 31, 1986) was an American jazz pianist.

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Tempo

In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.

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Tenor saxophone

The Tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s.

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That Ole Devil Called Love

"That Ole Devil Called Love" is a song written in 1944 by Allan Roberts and Doris Fisher.

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The Comeback Story

The Comeback Story is a half-hour drama reality show which aired on ABC from October 2, 1953 to February 5, 1954, in which celebrities explain how they overcame physical disabilities or other kinds of adverse fortunes in their lives.

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The Emperor Jones (1933 film)

The Emperor Jones is a 1933 American pre-Code film adaptation of the Eugene O'Neill play of the same title, was made outside of the Hollywood studio system, financed with private money from neophyte wealthy producers, and directed by iconoclast Dudley Murphy, who had sought O'Neill's permission to film the play since its 1924 production in New York.

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The Essential Billie Holiday: Carnegie Hall Concert Recorded Live

The Essential Billie Holiday: Carnegie Hall Concert Recorded Live is a live album by jazz singer Billie Holiday, recorded November 10, 1956 at Carnegie Hall in New York.

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The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert

The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert by Benny Goodman, Columbia Records catalogue item SL-160, is a two-disc LP of swing and jazz music recorded at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 16, 1938.

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The Harlem Alhambra

The Harlem Alhambra was a theater in Harlem, New York, built in 1905, that began as a vaudeville venue.

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The Man I Love (song)

"The Man I Love" is a popular standard, with music by George Gershwin and lyrics by his brother Ira.

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The New York City Jazz Record

The New York City Jazz Record is a monthly New York City based publication which contains features, reviews and concert announcements regarding jazz music.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.

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The Sound of Jazz

"The Sound of Jazz" is a 1957 edition of the CBS television series Seven Lively Arts and was one of the first major programs featuring jazz to air on American network television.

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The Tonight Show

The Tonight Show is an American late-night talk show currently broadcast from the NBC studios in Rockefeller Center in New York City (and previously from various studios in the Los Angeles region) and airing on NBC since 1954.

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Them There Eyes

"Them There Eyes" is a jazz song written by Maceo Pinkard, Doris Tauber and William Tracey.

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They Can't Take That Away from Me

"They Can't Take That Away from Me" is a 1937 popular song with music by George Gershwin and lyrics by Ira Gershwin.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Tommy Dorsey

Thomas Francis Dorsey Jr. (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist, composer, conductor and bandleader of the Big Band era.

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Tony Pastor (bandleader)

For the Victorian era impresario of the same name, see Tony Pastor. Tony Pastor (born Antonio Pestritto; October 26, 1907 – October 31, 1969) was an Italian American novelty singer and tenor saxophonist.

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Tony Scott

Anthony David Leighton Scott (21 June 1944 – 19 August 2012) was an English film director and producer.

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Too Marvelous for Words

"Too Marvelous for Words" is a popular song written in 1937.

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Trav'lin' Light (song)

"Trav'lin' Light" is a 1942 song composed by Trummy Young and Jimmy Mundy with lyrics by Johnny Mercer.

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Truancy

Truancy is any intentional, unjustified, unauthorized, or illegal absence from compulsory education.

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United Artists Records

United Artists Records was a record label founded by Max E. Youngstein of United Artists in 1957 to issue movie soundtracks.

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United Press International

United Press International (UPI) is an international news agency whose newswires, photo, news film, and audio services provided news material to thousands of newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations for most of the 20th century.

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Universal Pictures

Universal Pictures (also known as Universal Studios) is an American film studio owned by Comcast through the Universal Filmed Entertainment Group division of its wholly owned subsidiary NBCUniversal.

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Velvet Mood

Velvet Mood (subtitled Songs by Billie Holiday) (MGC 713) is an album by jazz singer Billie Holiday, released in 1956 on Clef Records.

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Verve Records

Verve Records, founded in 1956 by Norman Granz, is home to the world’s largest jazz catalogue and includes recordings by artists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, Stan Getz and Billie Holiday, among others.

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Viola

The viola is a string instrument that is bowed or played with varying techniques.

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Vocalion Records

For Decca's Vocalion label, see Disques Vogue Vocalion Records is an American record company and label active for many years in the U.S. and the U.K.

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WCBS (AM)

WCBS (880 AM, "WCBS Newsradio 880") is a radio station licensed to New York City and is owned and operated by Entercom.

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We the People (U.S. TV series)

We the People was an American talk show aired on CBS Television (1948-1949) and then on NBC Television (1949-1952).

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What a Little Moonlight Can Do

"What a Little Moonlight Can Do" is a popular song written by Harry M. Woods in 1934.

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What Is This Thing Called Love?

"What Is This Thing Called Love?" is a 1929 popular song written by Cole Porter, for the musical Wake Up and Dream.

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William Dufty

William Francis Dufty (February 2, 1916 – June 28, 2002) was an American writer, musician, and activist.

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Willow Weep for Me

"Willow Weep for Me" is a popular song composed in 1932 by Ann Ronell, who also wrote the lyrics.

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Woody Herman

Woodrow Charles Herman (May 16, 1913 – October 29, 1987) was an American jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, singer, and big band leader.

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Workhouse

In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment.

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Yankee Doodle

"Yankee Doodle" is a well-known American song, the early versions of which date to before the Seven Years' War and the American Revolution (1775–83) It is often sung patriotically in the United States today and is the state anthem of Connecticut.

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133rd Street (Manhattan)

133rd Street is a street in Manhattan and the Bronx, New York City.

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52nd Street (Manhattan)

52nd Street is a long one-way street traveling west to east across Midtown Manhattan, New York City.

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Billie Holliday, Billie halliday, Billy Holiday, Billy Holliday, Billy holliday, Eleanora Fagan, Eleanora Fagan Gough, Frank DeViese, Holiday, Billie, Lady Day (singer).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Holiday

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