38 relations: Adobe Photoshop, Bitmap, Black and white, Computer monitor, Connected-component labeling, Conway's Game of Life, Digital camera, Digital image, Digital image processing, Discrete tomography, Distance transform, Dither, Edge detection, Euler number, Fax, Grayscale, Halftone, Image scanner, Image segmentation, JBIG, JBIG2, Kibibyte, Laser printing, Mathematical morphology, Monochrome, Netpbm format, Optical character recognition, Otsu's method, Oversampled binary image sensor, Pixel, Square lattice, Subset, Thresholding (image processing), TWAIN, Vanilla software, Voronoi diagram, Watershed (image processing), X BitMap.

## Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.

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## Bitmap

In computing, a bitmap is a mapping from some domain (for example, a range of integers) to bits.

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## Black and white

Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.

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## Computer monitor

A computer monitor is an output device which displays information in pictorial form.

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## Connected-component labeling

Connected-component labeling (alternatively connected-component analysis, blob extraction, region labeling, blob discovery, or region extraction) is an algorithmic application of graph theory, where subsets of connected components are uniquely labeled based on a given heuristic.

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## Conway's Game of Life

The Game of Life, also known simply as Life, is a cellular automaton devised by the British mathematician John Horton Conway in 1970.

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## Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.

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## Digital image

A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.

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## Digital image processing

In computer science, Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images.

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## Discrete tomography

Discrete tomography Herman, G. T. and Kuba, A., Discrete Tomography: Foundations, Algorithms, and Applications, Birkhäuser Boston, 1999 Herman, G. T. and Kuba, A., Advances in Discrete Tomography and Its Applications, Birkhäuser Boston, 2007 focuses on the problem of reconstruction of binary images (or finite subsets of the integer lattice) from a small number of their projections.

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## Distance transform

A distance transform, also known as distance map or distance field, is a derived representation of a digital image.

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## Dither

Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images.

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## Edge detection

Edge detection includes a variety of mathematical methods that aim at identifying points in a digital image at which the image brightness changes sharply or, more formally, has discontinuities.

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## Euler number

In mathematics, the Euler numbers are a sequence En of integers defined by the Taylor series expansion where is the hyperbolic cosine.

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## Fax

Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.

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## Grayscale

In photography, computing, and colorimetry, a grayscale or greyscale image is one in which the value of each pixel is a single sample representing only an amount of light, that is, it carries only intensity information.

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## Halftone

Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size or in spacing, thus generating a gradient-like effect.

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## Image scanner

An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.

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## Image segmentation

In computer vision, image segmentation is the process of partitioning a digital image into multiple segments (sets of pixels, also known as super-pixels).

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## JBIG

JBIG is an early lossless image compression standard from the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group, standardized as ISO/IEC standard 11544 and as ITU-T recommendation T.82 in March 1993.

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## JBIG2

JBIG2 is an image compression standard for bi-level images, developed by the Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group.

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## Kibibyte

The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information.

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## Laser printing

Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.

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## Mathematical morphology

Mathematical morphology (MM) is a theory and technique for the analysis and processing of geometrical structures, based on set theory, lattice theory, topology, and random functions.

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## Monochrome

Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.

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## Netpbm format

A Netpbm format is any graphics format used and defined by the Netpbm project.

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## Optical character recognition

Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).

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## Otsu's method

In computer vision and image processing, Otsu's method, named after, is used to automatically perform clustering-based image thresholding, or, the reduction of a graylevel image to a binary image.

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## Oversampled binary image sensor

An oversampled binary image sensor is an image sensor with non-linear response capabilities reminiscent of traditional photographic film.

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## Pixel

In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.

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## Square lattice

In mathematics, the square lattice is a type of lattice in a two-dimensional Euclidean space.

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## Subset

In mathematics, a set A is a subset of a set B, or equivalently B is a superset of A, if A is "contained" inside B, that is, all elements of A are also elements of B. A and B may coincide.

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## Thresholding (image processing)

Thresholding is the simplest method of image segmentation.

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## TWAIN

TWAIN is an applications programming interface (API) and communications protocol that regulates communication between software and digital imaging devices, such as image scanners and digital cameras.

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## Vanilla software

Computer software, and sometimes also other computing-related systems like computer hardware or algorithms, are called vanilla when not customized from their original form, meaning that they are used without any customizations or updates applied to them.

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## Voronoi diagram

In mathematics, a Voronoi diagram is a partitioning of a plane into regions based on distance to points in a specific subset of the plane.

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## Watershed (image processing)

In the study of image processing, a watershed is a transformation defined on a grayscale image.

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## X BitMap

In computer graphics, the X Window System used X BitMap (XBM), a plain text binary image format, for storing cursor and icon bitmaps used in the X GUI.

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## Redirects here:

1 bit color, 1 bit colour, 1-bit color, 1-bit colour, 1bit color, 1bit colour, Bi-level image, Binary Image, Binary images, Binary-image, Monochrome Bitmap.

## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binary_image