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Binocular vision

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In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings. [1]

67 relations: Accommodation (eye), Active shutter 3D system, Adaptation (eye), Amblyopia, Antelope, Binocular disparity, Binocular rivalry, Binocular summation, Binocular vision, Biology, Bird of prey, Bubalus, Camouflage, Carnivora, Chameleon, Computer program, Cover test, Cyclopean image, Cyclotropia, Depth perception, Diplopia, Esophoria, Esotropia, Exophoria, Exotropia, Extraocular muscles, Eye, Eye movement, Field of view, Fovea centralis, Gun turret, Hering's law of equal innervation, Hering's law of visual direction, Horopter, Horror fusionis, Hypertropia, Java (programming language), Killer whale, Latin, Leonardo da Vinci, Megabat, Monocular vision, Neural adaptation, Nystagmus, Ocular dominance, Open-source model, Optometry, Orbit (anatomy), Orthophoria, Orthoptics, ..., Parallax, Predation, Primate, Pupil, Rabbit, Saccade, Smooth pursuit, Sperm whale, Starling, Stereoblindness, Stereopsis, Stimulus (physiology), Strabismus, Suppression (eye), Vergence, Vestibulo–ocular reflex, Visual perception. Expand index (17 more) »

Accommodation (eye)

Accommodation is the process by which the vertebrate eye changes optical power to maintain a clear image or focus on an object as its distance varies.

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Active shutter 3D system

An active shutter 3D system (a.k.a. alternate frame sequencing, alternate image, AI, alternating field, field sequential or eclipse method) is a technique of displaying stereoscopic 3D images.

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Adaptation (eye)

In ocular physiology, adaptation is the ability of the eye to adjust to various levels of light.

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Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a disorder of sight due to the eye and brain not working well together.

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An antelope is a member of a number of even-toed ungulate species indigenous to various regions in Africa and Eurasia.

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Binocular disparity

Binocular disparity refers to the difference in image location of an object seen by the left and right eyes, resulting from the eyes’ horizontal separation (parallax).

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Binocular rivalry

Binocular rivalry is a phenomenon of visual perception in which perception alternates between different images presented to each eye.

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Binocular summation

Binocular summation refers to the improved visual performance of binocular vision compared to that of monocular vision.

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Binocular vision

In biology, binocular vision is a type of vision in which an animal having two eyes is able to perceive a single three-dimensional image of its surroundings.

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Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Bird of prey

A bird of prey, predatory bird, or raptor is any of several species of bird that hunts and feeds on rodents and other animals.

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Bubalus is a genus of bovines that was first described by Charles Hamilton Smith in 1827.

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Camouflage is the use of any combination of materials, coloration, or illumination for concealment, either by making animals or objects hard to see (crypsis), or by disguising them as something else (mimesis).

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Carnivora (from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals.

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Chameleons or chamaeleons (family Chamaeleonidae) are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of Old World lizards with 202 species described as of June 2015.

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Computer program

A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.

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Cover test

A cover test or cover-uncover test is an objective determination of the presence and amount of ocular deviation.

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Cyclopean image

Cyclopean image is a single mental image of a scene created by the brain by combining two images received from the two eyes.

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Cyclotropia is a form of strabismus in which, compared to the correct positioning of the eyes, there is a torsion of one eye (or both) about the eye's visual axis.

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Depth perception

Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions (3D) and the distance of an object.

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Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally (i.e., both vertically and horizontally), or rotationally in relation to each other.

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Esophoria is an eye condition involving inward deviation of the eye, usually due to extra-ocular muscle imbalance.

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Esotropia is a form of strabismus in which one or both eyes turns inward.

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Exophoria is a form of heterophoria in which there is a tendency of the eyes to deviate outward.

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Exotropia is a form of strabismus where the eyes are deviated outward.

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Extraocular muscles

The extraocular muscles are the six muscles that control movement of the eye and one muscle that controls eyelid elevation (levator palpebrae).

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Eyes are organs of the visual system.

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Eye movement

Eye movement includes the voluntary or involuntary movement of the eyes, helping in acquiring, fixating and tracking visual stimuli.

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Field of view

The field of view is the extent of the observable world that is seen at any given moment.

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Fovea centralis

The fovea centralis is a small, central pit composed of closely packed cones in the eye.

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Gun turret

A gun turret is a location from which weapons can be fired that affords protection, visibility, and some cone of fire.

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Hering's law of equal innervation

Hering's law of equal innervation is used to explain the conjugacy of saccadic eye movement in stereoptic animals.

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Hering's law of visual direction

Hering's law of visual direction describes the perceived visual direction of a point relative to an observer.

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In studies of binocular vision the horopter is the locus of points in space that have the same disparity as fixation.

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Horror fusionis

In ophthalmology, horror fusionis is a condition in which the eyes have an unsteady deviation, with the extraocular muscles performing spasm-like movements that continuously shift the eyes away from the position in which they would be directed to the same point in space, giving rise to diplopia.

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Hypertropia is a condition of misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), whereby the visual axis of one eye is higher than the fellow fixating eye.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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Killer whale

| status.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 14522 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo, was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance, whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography.

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Megabats constitute the suborder Megachiroptera, and its only family Pteropodidae of the order Chiroptera (bats).

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Monocular vision

Monocular vision is vision in which both eyes are used separately.

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Neural adaptation

Neural adaptation or sensory adaptation is a change over time in the responsiveness of the sensory system to a constant stimulus.

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Nystagmus is a condition of involuntary (or voluntary, in rare cases) eye movement, acquired in infancy or later in life, that may result in reduced or limited vision.

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Ocular dominance

Ocular dominance, sometimes called eye preference or eyedness, is the tendency to prefer visual input from one eye to the other.

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Open-source model

The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.

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Optometry is a health care profession which involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.

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Orbit (anatomy)

In anatomy, the orbit is the cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are situated.

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Orthophoria condition of binocular fixation in which the lines of vision meet at the object toward which they are directed, and considered as a normal condition of balance of the ocular muscles of the two eyes.

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Orthoptics is a profession allied to eye care profession whose primary emphasis is the diagnosis and non-surgical management of strabismus (wandering eye), amblyopia (lazy eye) and eye movement disorders.

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Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines.

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Predation is a biological interaction where a predator (a hunting animal) kills and eats its prey (the organism that is attacked).

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A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").

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The pupil is a hole located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to strike the retina.

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Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha (along with the hare and the pika).

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A saccade (French for jerk) is a quick, simultaneous movement of both eyes between two or more phases of fixation in the same direction.

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Smooth pursuit

Smooth pursuit eye movements allow the eyes to closely follow a moving object.

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Sperm whale

The sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) or cachalot is the largest of the toothed whales and the largest toothed predator.

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Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds in the family Sturnidae.

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Stereoblindness (also stereo blindness) is the inability to see in 3D using stereopsis, or stereo vision, resulting in an inability to perceive stereoscopic depth by combining and comparing images from the two eyes.

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Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- stereo- meaning "solid", and ὄψις opsis, "appearance, sight") is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision.

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Stimulus (physiology)

In physiology, a stimulus (plural stimuli) is a detectable change in the internal or external environment.

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Strabismus, also known as crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object.

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Suppression (eye)

Suppression of an eye is a subconscious adaptation by a person's brain to eliminate the symptoms of disorders of binocular vision such as strabismus, convergence insufficiency and aniseikonia.

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A vergence is the simultaneous movement of both eyes in opposite directions to obtain or maintain single binocular vision.

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Vestibulo–ocular reflex

The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) is a reflex, where activation of the vestibular system causes eye movement.

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Visual perception

Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.

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Allelotropia, Binocular fusion, Binocular movement, Binocular single vision, Binocularity, Single binocular vision, Vision, binocular.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binocular_vision

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