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Binomial nomenclature

Index Binomial nomenclature

Binomial nomenclature ("two-term naming system") also called nomenclature ("two-name naming system") or binary nomenclature, is a formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, both of which use Latin grammatical forms, although they can be based on words from other languages. [1]

119 relations: Alexander the Great, Allium, Amaranthus retroflexus, Amblyomma americanum, Anagram, Ancient Greek, Annual Reviews (publisher), Apposition, Archaea, Archibald Campbell (doctor), Aymara language, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Bauhin, Biodiversity Heritage Library, Botanical name, Botany, Canis, Carl Alexander Clerck, Carl Linnaeus, Cf., Chalumna River, Charles Wallace Richmond, Chionodoxa, Chionodoxa siehei, Clade, Cuban crow, Cyanobacteria, Cyclamen hederifolium, Cyclocephala nodanotherwon, Dutch Birding, Dynastinae, Erythroxylum coca, Escherichia coli, Font, Fossil, Gaspard Bauhin, Genitive case, Genus, Given name, Glossary of scientific naming, Grammatical gender, Grammatical number, Homo, Homo sapiens, House sparrow, Huia (plant), Hyacinthoides italica, Hybrid name, Infraspecific name, ..., International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, International Plant Names Index, Java, Javan torrent frog, John Tradescant the Elder, John Tradescant the Younger, Joke, Kingdom (biology), Lansium parasiticum, Large intestine, Latin, Latin declension, Latin grammar, Latinisation of names, List of authors of names published under the ICZN, List of botanists by author abbreviation (A), List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names, Magnolia campbellii, Magnolia hodgsonii, Mongolian language, Muilla, Nandina, New Latin, Nomenclature codes, Nominative case, Olive-backed pipit, Open nomenclature, Patella vulgata, Phlox drummondii, PhyloCode, Pierre Magnol, Plantago media, Presidencies and provinces of British India, Proper noun, Psittacidae, Pun, Quechuan languages, Red-breasted parakeet, Rhododendron, Saichania, Scientific terminology, Scilla, Sparrow, Species, Species description, Species Plantarum, Subspecies, Surname, Sweden, Synonym (taxonomy), Systema Naturae, Tarchia, Tautonym, Taxonomy (biology), Thomas Drummond (botanist), Tibetan antelope, Tradescantia virginiana, Trinomen, Tyrannosaurus, Undescribed taxon, Virus, Werner Rothmaler, West Indian Ocean coelacanth, Xenos vesparum, Yunnan, Zoology. Expand index (69 more) »

Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.

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Allium is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants that includes hundreds of species, including the cultivated onion, garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, and chives.

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Amaranthus retroflexus

Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the Amaranthaceae family with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. page 470.

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Amblyomma americanum

Amblyomma americanum, also known as the lone star tick, the northeastern water tick, or the turkey tick, is a type of tick indigenous to much of the eastern United States and Mexico, that bites painlessly and commonly goes unnoticed, remaining attached to its host for as long as seven days until it is fully engorged with blood.

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An anagram is a word or phrase formed by rearranging the letters of a different word or phrase, typically using all the original letters exactly once.

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Ancient Greek

The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.

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Annual Reviews (publisher)

Annual Reviews, located in Palo Alto California, Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher dedicated to synthesizing and integrating knowledge for the progress of science and the benefit of society.

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Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side, with one element serving to identify the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition.

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Archaea (or or) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms.

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Archibald Campbell (doctor)

Archibald Campbell (20 April 1805 – 5 November 1874) of the Bengal Medical Service (which became part the Indian Medical Service after 1857) was the first superintendent (1840-1862) of the sanitarium town of Darjeeling in north east India.

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Aymara language

Aymara (Aymar aru) is an Aymaran language spoken by the Aymara people of the Andes.

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Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

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Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them.

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Bauhin — a family of physicians and scientists.

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Biodiversity Heritage Library

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize and make accessible the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles.

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Botanical name

A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).

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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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Canis is a genus of the Canidae containing multiple extant species, such as wolves, coyotes, jackals, dingoes, and dogs.

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Carl Alexander Clerck

Carl Alexander Clerck (1709 – 22 July 1765) was a Swedish entomologist and arachnologist.

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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The abbreviation cf. (short for the confer/conferatur, both meaning "compare") is used in writing to refer the reader to other material to make a comparison with the topic being discussed.

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Chalumna River

The Chalumna River (Tyolomnqa) is a river in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

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Charles Wallace Richmond

Charles Wallace Richmond (December 31, 1868 – May 19, 1932) was an American ornithologist.

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Chionodoxa, known as glory-of-the-snow, is a small genus of bulbous perennial flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, often included in Scilla.

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Chionodoxa siehei

Chionodoxa siehei or Siehe's glory-of-the-snow is a bulbous perennial from west Turkey flowering in early spring.

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A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".

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Cuban crow

The Cuban crow (Corvus nasicus) is one of four species of crow that occur on a few key islands in the Caribbean.

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Cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta, are a phylum of bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis, and are the only photosynthetic prokaryotes able to produce oxygen.

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Cyclamen hederifolium

Cyclamen hederifolium (ivy-leaved cyclamen or sowbread) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cyclamen, of the family Primulaceae.

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Cyclocephala nodanotherwon

Cyclocephala nodanotherwon is a species of rhinoceros beetle in the scarab family.

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Dutch Birding

Dutch Birding is an ornithological magazine published by the Dutch Birding Association.

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Dynastinae or rhinoceros beetles are a subfamily of the scarab beetle family (Scarabaeidae).

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Erythroxylum coca

Erythroxylum coca is one of two species of cultivated coca.

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Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

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In metal typesetting, a font was a particular size, weight and style of a typeface.

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A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.

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Gaspard Bauhin

Gaspard Bauhin or Caspar Bauhin (Latinised Casparus Bauhinus; 17 January 1560 – 5 December 1624), was a Swiss botanist whose Phytopinax (1596) described thousands of plants and classified them in a manner that draws comparisons to the later binomial nomenclature of Linnaeus.

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Genitive case

In grammar, the genitive (abbreviated); also called the second case, is the grammatical case that marks a word, usually a noun, as modifying another word, also usually a noun.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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Given name

A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.

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Glossary of scientific naming

This is a list of terms and symbols used in scientific names for organisms, and in describing the names.

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Grammatical gender

In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.

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Grammatical number

In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").

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Homo (Latin homō "human being") is the genus that encompasses the extant species Homo sapiens (modern humans), plus several extinct species classified as either ancestral to or closely related to modern humans (depending on a species), most notably Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.

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Homo sapiens

Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for the only extant human species.

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House sparrow

The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world.

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Huia (plant)

Huia is a genus of extinct vascular plants of the Early Devonian (Pragian or Siegenian, around). The genus was first described in 1985 based on fossil specimens from the Posongchong Formation, Wenshan district, Yunnan, China.

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Hyacinthoides italica

Hyacinthoides italica, the Italian bluebell or Italian squill, is a spring-flowering bulbous perennial plant belonging to the family Asparagaceae.

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Hybrid name

In botanical nomenclature, a hybrid may be given a hybrid name, which is a special kind of botanical name, but there is no requirement that a hybrid name should be created for plants that are believed to be of hybrid origin.

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Infraspecific name

In botany, an infraspecific name is the scientific name for any taxon below the rank of species, i.e. an infraspecific taxon.

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International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants

The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical names that are given to plants, fungi and a few other groups of organisms, all those "traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants".

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International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes

The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP) formerly the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB) or Bacteriological Code (BC) governs the scientific names for Bacteria and Archaea.

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International Code of Zoological Nomenclature

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is a widely accepted convention in zoology that rules the formal scientific naming of organisms treated as animals.

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International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses

The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) authorizes and organizes the taxonomic classification of and the nomenclatures for viruses.

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International Plant Names Index

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) describes itself as "a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes." Coverage of plant names is best at the rank of species and genus.

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Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.

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Javan torrent frog

The Javan torrent frog (Huia masonii) is a species of frog in the Ranidae family.

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John Tradescant the Elder

John Tradescant the Elder (c. 1570s – 15–16 April 1638), father of John Tradescant the younger, was an English naturalist, gardener, collector and traveller, probably born in Suffolk, England.

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John Tradescant the Younger

John Tradescant the Younger (4 August 1608 – 22 April 1662), son of John Tradescant the elder, was a botanist and gardener, born in Meopham, Kent and educated at The King's School, Canterbury.

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A joke is a display of humour in which words are used within a specific and well-defined narrative structure to make people laugh and is not meant to be taken seriously.

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Kingdom (biology)

In biology, kingdom (Latin: regnum, plural regna) is the second highest taxonomic rank, just below domain.

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Lansium parasiticum

Lansium parasiticum, also known as langsat or lanzones, is a species of tree in the Mahogany family.

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Large intestine

The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Latin declension

Latin declension is the set of patterns according to which Latin words are declined, or have their endings altered to show grammatical case and gender.

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Latin grammar

Latin is a heavily inflected language with largely free word order.

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Latinisation of names

Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.

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List of authors of names published under the ICZN

This is a list of authors of names published under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.

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List of botanists by author abbreviation (A)

No description.

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List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names

This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical languages to understand and remember the scientific names of organisms.

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Magnolia campbellii

Magnolia campbellii, Campbell's magnolia, is a species of Magnolia that grows in sheltered valleys in the Himalaya from eastern Nepal, Sikkim and Assam, India, east to southwestern China (southern Xizang, Yunnan, southern Sichuan) and south to northern Myanmar.

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Magnolia hodgsonii

Magnolia hodgsonii (syn. Talauma hodgsonii), known in Chinese as Gai lie mu is a species of Magnolia native to the forests of the Himalaya and southeastern Asia, occurring in Bhutan, southwestern China (Xizang), northeastern India, northern Myanmar, Nepal, and Thailand.

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Mongolian language

The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script: Moŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel.) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.

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The genus Muilla includes three to four species of flowering plants.

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Nandina domestica commonly known as nandina, heavenly bamboo or sacred bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to eastern Asia from the Himalayas to Japan.

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New Latin

New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.

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Nomenclature codes

Nomenclature codes or codes of nomenclature are the various rulebooks that govern biological taxonomic nomenclature, each in their own broad field of organisms.

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Nominative case

The nominative case (abbreviated), subjective case, straight case or upright case is one of the grammatical cases of a noun or other part of speech, which generally marks the subject of a verb or the predicate noun or predicate adjective, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments.

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Olive-backed pipit

The olive-backed pipit (Anthus hodgsoni) is a small passerine bird of the pipit (Anthus) genus, which breeds across South, north Central and East Asia, as well as in the northeast of European Russia.

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Open nomenclature

Open nomenclature is a vocabulary of partly informal terms and signs in which a taxonomist may express remarks about their own material.

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Patella vulgata

Patella vulgata, common name the common limpet or common European limpet is an edible species of sea snail with gills, a typical true limpet, a marine gastropod mollusc in the family Patellidae.

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Phlox drummondii

Phlox drummondii (commonly annual phlox or Drummond's phlox) is a flowering plant in the genus Phlox of the family Polemoniaceae.

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The International Code of Phylogenetic Nomenclature, known as the PhyloCode for short, is a developing draft for a formal set of rules governing phylogenetic nomenclature.

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Pierre Magnol

Pierre Magnol (June 8, 1638 – May 21, 1715) was a French botanist.

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Plantago media

Plantago media, known as the hoary plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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Proper noun

A proper noun is a noun that in its primary application refers to a unique entity, such as London, Jupiter, Sarah, or Microsoft, as distinguished from a common noun, which usually refers to a class of entities (city, planet, person, corporation), or non-unique instances of a specific class (a city, another planet, these persons, our corporation).

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The family Psittacidae is one of three families of true parrots.

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The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

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Quechuan languages

Quechua, usually called Runasimi ("people's language") in Quechuan languages, is an indigenous language family spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes and highlands of South America.

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Red-breasted parakeet

The red-breasted parakeet (Psittacula alexandri) is among the more widespread species of the genus and is the species which has the most geographical variations.

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Rhododendron (from Ancient Greek ῥόδον rhódon "rose" and δένδρον déndron "tree") is a genus of 1,024 species of woody plants in the heath family (Ericaceae), either evergreen or deciduous, and found mainly in Asia, although it is also widespread throughout the highlands of the Appalachian Mountains of North America.

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Saichania (Mongolian meaning "beautiful one") is a genus of herbivorous ankylosaurid dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous period of Mongolia and China.

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Scientific terminology

Scientific terminology is the part of the language that is used by scientists in the context of their professional activities.

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Scilla (Squill) is a genus of about 50 to 80 bulb-forming perennial herbs in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, native to woodlands, subalpine meadows, and seashores throughout Europe, Africa and the Middle-East.

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Sparrows are a family of small passerine birds.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Species description

A species description is a formal description of a newly discovered species, usually in the form of a scientific paper.

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Species Plantarum

Species Plantarum (Latin for "The Species of Plants") is a book by Carl Linnaeus, originally published in 1753, which lists every species of plant known at the time, classified into genera.

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In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.

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A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Synonym (taxonomy)

In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name,''ICN'', "Glossary", entry for "synonym" although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature.

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Systema Naturae

(originally in Latin written with the ligature æ) is one of the major works of the Swedish botanist, zoologist and physician Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) and introduced the Linnaean taxonomy.

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Tarchia (meaning "brainy one") is a genus of herbivorous ankylosaurid dinosaur from the late Cretaceous of Mongolia.

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A tautonym is a scientific name of a species in which both parts of the name have the same spelling, for example Rattus rattus.

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Taxonomy (biology)

Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.

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Thomas Drummond (botanist)

Thomas Drummond (1793 — March 1835), was a Scottish botanical collector.

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Tibetan antelope

The Tibetan antelope or chiru (Pantholops hodgsonii) (pronounced) is a medium-sized bovid native to the Tibetan plateau.

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Tradescantia virginiana

Tradescantia virginiana, the Virginia spiderwort, is the type species of Tradescantia (spiderwort) native to the eastern United States.

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In zoological nomenclature, a trinomen (plural: trinomina), name, or ternary name, refers to the name of a subspecies.

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Tyrannosaurus is a genus of coelurosaurian theropod dinosaur.

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Undescribed taxon

In taxonomy, an undescribed taxon is a taxon (for example, a species) that has been discovered, but not yet formally described and named.

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A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

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Werner Rothmaler

Werner Walter Hugo Paul Rothmaler (born 20 August 1908 in Sangerhausen, died 13 April 1962 in Leipzig) was a German botanist and from 1953 until 1962 head of the Institute for Agricultural Biology of the University of Greifswald.

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West Indian Ocean coelacanth

The West Indian Ocean coelacanth (Latimeria chalumnae), sometimes known as the African coelacanth, or simply coelacanth, is one of two extant species of coelacanth, a rare order of vertebrates more closely related to lungfish, reptiles and mammals than to the common ray-finned fishes.

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Xenos vesparum

Xenos vesparum is an insect species, whose females are permanent entomophagous endoparasites of Polistes paper wasps.

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Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country.

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Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binomial_nomenclature

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