123 relations: Albanian identity card, Albanian lek, Australian Customs Service, Austrian passport, Basic access control, BBC, Belgian passport, Biometric Database Law, Biometrics, Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark, Boston, Brasília, Brazilian identity card, British passport, Budapest Declaration on Machine Readable Travel Documents, Bulgarian passport, Bundesdruckerei, Central Intelligence Agency, Civil liberties, Contactless smart card, Croatian passport, Cryptographic hash function, Cypriot passport, Czech passport, Danish passport, Digital signature, Dutch identity card, Dutch passport, EEPROM, Encryption, Estonian passport, European Data Protection Supervisor, European Free Trade Association, European Union, Extended Access Control, Facial recognition system, Faraday cage, Fingerprint, Finnish passport, Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, France, French passport, German passport, Ghanaian cedi, Giesecke & Devrient, Goiás, Greek passport, Hajj, Hong Kong dollar, Hungarian passport, ..., Identity document, Idex ASA, Immigration and Checkpoints Authority, Immigration Department (Hong Kong), Immigration Department of Malaysia, Imprimerie nationale, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Civil Aviation Organization Public Key Directory, Iraqi dinar, Iris recognition, Irish passport, Islam Karimov, ISO/IEC 14443, Italian passport, JPEG, JPEG 2000, Juan Diego Flórez, Latvian lats, Latvian passport, Lisbon, Lithuanian passport, Luxembourgish passport, Machine-readable passport, Malagasy ariary, Maltese passport, Microprocessor, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China, Ministry of Public Security (China), Moldovan leu, Motorola, Nashik, Norwegian krone, Omani passport, Passport, Passports of the European Union, PCCW, Personal identification number, Polish passport, Portuguese passport, Pratibha Patil, President of India, Privacy, Private biometrics, Public key infrastructure, Radio-frequency identification, Renminbi, Retinal scan, Romanian passport, Russian ruble, Schengen acquis, Schengen Agreement, Schengen Area, September 11 attacks, Slovak passport, Slovenian passport, Smart card, SmartGate, Spanish passport, Supplemental access control, Swedish passport, Tata Consultancy Services, The Star (Malaysia), Travel document, Travel visa, United States, United States Department of State, United States Government Publishing Office, United States passport, United States Passport Card, Visa Waiver Program, Voice of America, WikiLeaks. Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
The Albanian identity card (Letërnjoftim) is a national identity card that is issued by the Albanian authorities to their citizens.
The lek (plural lekë) (sign: L; code: ALL) is the official currency of Albania.
The Australian Customs Service, was an Australian Government agency responsible for Australian border protection, duties and taxes between 1985 and 2009.
Austrian passports are issued to citizens of Austria to facilitate international travel.
Basic access control (BAC) is a mechanism specified to ensure only authorized parties can wirelessly read personal information from passports with an RFID chip.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Belgian passports are passports issued by the Belgian state to its citizens to facilitate international travel.
The Biometric Database Law is an Israeli law which the Knesset passed in December 2009, determining that fingerprints and facial contours would be collected from all Israeli residents, that the collected data would be integrated onto the Israeli digital identity cards and digital passports, and that a biometric government database of all Israeli citizens and residents would be created which would be used for biometric identification that would allow the management of access control, identification of individuals and assist in locating individuals suspected of criminal activity by the law enforcement officials.
Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: konvertibilna marka, Cyrillic: конвертибилна марка) is the currency of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Brasília is the federal capital of Brazil and seat of government of the Federal District.
The cédula de identidade is the official national identity document in Brazil.
British passports are passports issued by the United Kingdom to those holding any form of British nationality.
The Budapest Declaration on Machine Readable Travel Documents is a declaration issued by the Future of Identity in the Information Society (FIDIS), a Network of Excellence, to raise the concern to the public to the risks associated by a security architecture related to the management of Machine Readable Travel Documents (MRTDs), and its current implementation in passports of the European Union that creates some threats related to identity theft, and privacy.
Bulgarian passport is an international travel document issued to nationals of Bulgaria, and may also serve as proof of Bulgarian citizenship.
Bundesdruckerei ("Federal Printing Office") is a German manufacturer of banknotes, stamps, identity cards, passports, visas, driving licences, and vehicle registration certificates.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).
Civil liberties or personal freedoms are personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot abridge, either by law or by judicial interpretation, without due process.
A contactless smart card is a contactless credential whose dimensions are credit-card size.
Croatian passport (Hrvatska putovnica) is issued to citizens of the Republic of Croatia for the purpose of international travel.
A cryptographic hash function is a special class of hash function that has certain properties which make it suitable for use in cryptography.
Cypriot passports are issued to citizens of Cyprus for the purpose of international travel.
Czech passport (cestovní pas, pas) is an international travel document issued to nationals of Czech Republic, and may also serve as proof of Czech citizenship.
Danish passports are issued to citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark to facilitate international travel.
A digital signature is a mathematical scheme for presenting the authenticity of digital messages or documents.
The Dutch identity card (Nederlandse identiteitskaart) is an official non-compulsory identity document issued to Dutch nationals in the European part of the Netherlands and certain diplomatic missions.
Dutch passports are issued to citizens of the Kingdom of the Netherlands for the purpose of international travel.
EEPROM (also E2PROM) stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory and is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers, integrated in microcontrollers for smart cards and remote keyless system, and other electronic devices to store relatively small amounts of data but allowing individual bytes to be erased and reprogrammed.
In cryptography, encryption is the process of encoding a message or information in such a way that only authorized parties can access it and those who are not authorized cannot.
Estonian passport (Eesti kodaniku pass) is an international travel document issued to citizens of Estonia, and may also serve as proof of Estonian citizenship.
The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) is an independent supervisory authority whose primary objective is to ensure that European institutions and bodies respect the right to privacy and data protection when they process personal data and develop new policies.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of four European states: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Extended Access Control (EAC) is a set of advanced security features for electronic passports that protects and restricts access to sensitive personal data contained in the RFID chip.
A facial recognition system is a technology capable of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source.
A Faraday cage or Faraday shield is an enclosure used to block electromagnetic fields.
A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.
Finnish passports are issued to nationals of Finland for the purpose of international travel.
The Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, also called Framework Programmes or abbreviated FP1 to FP7 with "FP8" being named "Horizon 2020", are funding programmes created by the European Union/European Commission to support and foster research in the European Research Area (ERA).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
French passport (in French: Passeport français) is an identity document issued to French citizens.
German passports are issued to nationals of Germany for the purpose of international travel.
The Ghanaian cedi (currency sign: GH₵; currency code: GHS) is the unit of currency of Ghana.
Giesecke+Devrient (G+D) is a German company headquartered in Munich that provides banknote and securities printing, smart cards, and cash handling systems.
Goiás is a state of Brazil, located in the Center-West region of the country. The name Goiás (formerly, Goyaz) comes from the name of an indigenous community. The original word seems to have been guaiá, a compound of gua e iá, meaning "the same person" or "people of the same origin." It borders the Federal District and the states of (from north clockwise) Tocantins, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. The most populous state of its region, Goiás is characterized by a landscape of chapadões (plateaus). In the height of the drought season, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the Araguaia River go down and exposes almost of beaches, making it the main attraction of the State. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Mineiros, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys, rapids and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás (or Old Goiás), from Goiânia, established in the beginning of 18th Century, and Caldas Novas, with its hot water wells attracting more than one million tourists per year. In Brazil's geoeconomic division, Goiás belongs to the Centro-Sul (Center-South), being the northernmost state of the southern portion of Brazil.
Greek passports are issued exclusively to Greek citizens for the purpose of international travel.
The Hajj (حَجّ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.
The Hong Kong dollar (sign: HK$; code: HKD) is the official currency of Hong Kong.
Hungarian passports are issued to Hungarian citizens for international travel by The Central Data Processing, Registration and Election Office of the Hungarian Ministry of the Interior.
An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.
Idex ASA (Oslo Stock Exchange/Oslo Børs) is a Norwegian biometrics company, specialising in fingerprint imaging and fingerprint recognition technology.
The Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (Abbreviation: ICA) is the border control agency of the Singapore Government.
The Immigration Department (known as 人民入境事務處 before the 1997 transfer of sovereignty) of the Government of Hong Kong is responsible for immigration control of Hong Kong.
The Immigration Department of Malaysia (Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia) is a department of the Federal Government of Malaysia which provides services to Malaysian Citizens, Permanent Residents and Foreign Visitors.
The Imprimerie nationale is the official printing works of the French government, in succession to the Manufacture royale d'imprimerie founded by Cardinal Richelieu.
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (also known as IIT Kanpur or IITK) is a public engineering institution located in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The International Civil Aviation Organization Public Key Directory (ICAO PKD) is a database maintained by the International Civil Aviation Organization holding national cryptographic keys related to the authentication of e-passport information.
The Dinar (Arabic: دينار,.
Iris recognition is an automated method of biometric identification that uses mathematical pattern-recognition techniques on video images of one or both of the irises of an individual's eyes, whose complex patterns are unique, stable, and can be seen from some distance.
An Irish passport is the passport issued to citizens of Ireland.
Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov (Islom Abdugʻaniyevich Karimov; Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов; 30 January 1938 – 2 September 2016) was the leader of Uzbekistan and its predecessor state, the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1989 until his death in 2016.
ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.
Italian passports are issued to Italian citizens for the purpose of international travel.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.
Juan Diego Flórez (born January 13, 1973) is a Peruvian operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in bel canto operas.
The lats (plural: lati (2–9) latu (10 and more)), ISO 4217 currency code: LVL or 428) was the currency of Latvia until it was replaced by the euro on 1 January 2014. A two-week transition period during which the lats was in circulation alongside the euro ended on 14 January 2014. It is abbreviated as Ls and was subdivided into 100 santīmi (singular: santīms; from French centime).
Latvian passports are issued to citizens of Latvia for identity and international travel purposes.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
Lithuanian passport is an official document, issued exclusively to Lithuanian citizens to identify themselves as such and/or to facilitate travel outside Lithuania (there are other types of passports which may be issued by Lithuanian authorities to non-citizens; e.g. a "Foreigner's Passport", or "Stateless Person's Passport", or "Refugee's Passport").
A Luxembourgish passport is an international travel document issued to nationals of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, and may also serve as proof of Luxembourgish citizenship.
A machine-readable passport (MRP) is a machine-readable travel document (MRTD) with the data on the identity page encoded in optical character recognition format.
The ariary (sign: Ar; ISO 4217 code MGA) is the currency of Madagascar.
The Maltese passport (passaport Maltin) is a passport that is issued to citizens of Malta.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (MOFA or MFA) under the State Council of the Government of the People's Republic of China is an executive agency responsible for foreign relations between the People's Republic of China and other countries in the world.
The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) is the principal police and security authority of the People's Republic of China and the government ministry that exercises oversight over and is ultimately responsible for day-to-day law enforcement.
The leu (ISO 4217 code MDL) is the currency of Moldova.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Nashik is an ancient city in the northwest region of Maharashtra in India. Situated on the banks of Godavari river Nashik is best known for being one of Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years. The city located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai, is called the "Wine Capital of India" as half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located in Nashik.
The krone (sign: kr; code: NOK), plural kroner, is the currency of Norway and its dependent territories.
The Omani passport is issued to citizens of Oman for international travel.
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.
The European Union itself does not issue ordinary passports, but ordinary passport booklets issued by its 28 member states share a common format.
PCCW Limited (formerly known as Pacific Century CyberWorks Limited) is a Hong Kong-based information and communications technology (ICT) company which most notably as the majority owner of HKT Limited.
A personal identification number (PIN, pronounced "pin"; is often spoken out loud "PIN number" by mistake) is a numeric or alpha-numeric password or code used in the process of authenticating or identifying a user to a system and system to a user.
A Polish passport is an international travel document issued to nationals of Poland, and may also serve as proof of Polish citizenship.
Portuguese passports are issued to citizens of Portugal for the purpose of international travel.
Pratibha Rao Patil (born 19 December 1934) is an Indian politician who served as the 12th President of India from 2007 to 2012.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
A form of biometrics, also called biometric encryption or BioCryptics, in which the prover is protected against the misuse of template data by a dishonest verifier.
A public key infrastructure (PKI) is a set of roles, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, distribute, use, store, and revoke digital certificates and manage public-key encryption.
Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
A retinal scan is a biometric technique that uses the unique patterns on a person's retina blood vessels.
Romanian passport is an international travel document issued to nationals of Romania, and may also serve as proof of Romanian citizenship.
The Russian ruble or rouble (рубль rublʹ, plural: рубли́ rubli; sign: ₽, руб; code: RUB) is the currency of the Russian Federation, the two partially recognized republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and the two unrecognized republics of Donetsk and Luhansk.
The Schengen acquis is a set of rules and legislation, integrated into European Union law, which regulate the abolishment of border controls at the internal borders within the Schengen Area, as well as the strengthening of border controls at the external borders.
The Schengen Agreement is a treaty which led to the creation of Europe's Schengen Area, in which internal border checks have largely been abolished.
The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
The Slovak passport is issued to citizens of Slovakia to enable legal international travel.
Slovenian passports are issued to citizens of Slovenia to facilitate international travel.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is any pocket-sized card that has embedded integrated circuits.
SmartGate is an automated self-service border control system operated by the Australian Border Force and located at immigration checkpoints in arrival halls in eight Australian international airports.
Spanish passports are issued to Spanish citizens for the purpose of travel outside Spain.
Supplemental Access Control (SAC) is a set of security features defined by ICAO for protecting data contained in electronic travel documents (e.g. electronic passports).
Swedish passports are issued to nationals of Sweden for the purpose of international travel.
Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian multinational information technology (IT) service, consulting and business solutions company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
The Star is an English-language, tabloid-format newspaper in Malaysia.
A travel document is an identity document issued by a government or international treaty organization to facilitate the movement of individuals or small groups of persons across international boundaries, following international agreements.
A visa (from the Latin charta visa, meaning "paper which has been seen") is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
United States passports are passports issued to citizens and nationals of the United States of America.
The U.S. Passport Card is the de facto national identification card of the United States and a limited travel document issued by the federal government of the United States in the size of a credit card.
The Visa Waiver Program (VWP) is a program of the United States Government which allows citizens of specific countries to travel to the United States for tourism, business, or while in transit for up to 90 days without having to obtain a visa.
Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international radio broadcast source that serves as the United States federal government's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting.
WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media provided by anonymous sources.