113 relations: Adipate, Algae fuel, Aliphatic compound, Alkane, Amylomaize, Angewandte Chemie, Arkema, Aromaticity, ASTM International, Bacteria, Biobased economy, Biodegradable plastic, Biodegradation, Biofuel, Biomass, Biopolymer, BioSphere Plastic, Braskem, By-product, Carbon footprint, Carbon-12, Carbon-14, Carcinogen, Celluloid, Cellulose, Cellulose acetate, Civil society, Colloid, Compost, Corn starch, Deforestation, Ecotoxicity, Edible tableware, Emulsion polymerization, Energy Star, Epoxy, European Committee for Standardization, Fermentation, Fiber, Flame retardant, Fossil fuel, Fujitsu, Fused filament fabrication, Genetic engineering, Genetically modified bacterium, Genetically modified crops, Glucose, Glycerol, Greenhouse gas, Halogen, ..., High-density polyethylene, Humidity, Humus, Ingeo, International Organization for Standardization, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Layer (electronics), Lipid, Low-density polyethylene, Maize, Mass spectrometry, Methane emissions, Microbiota, Mirel, Monomer, Nanoparticle, Natural gas, NEC, Nitrocellulose, Nitrous oxide, Nylon 11, Nylon 12, Olefin metathesis, Organic electronics, Organic solar cell, Oxo Biodegradable, Packaging and labeling, Petrochemical, Petroleum, Philips, Phosphorus, Photosynthesis, Plastic, Plastic bottle, Plasticizer, Polycaprolactone, Polyester, Polyethylene, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Polyhydroxybutyrate, Polylactic acid, Polyolefin, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polyurethane, Pure and Applied Chemistry, Redox, Renewable energy, Silicon dioxide, Soil acidification, Solegear Bioplastics, Sorbitol, South America, Starch, Succinic acid, Sugar, Sustainability, Thermoplastic, Toxicity, Ultraviolet, United States Department of Agriculture, University of Warwick, Vegetable oil. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
Adipates are the salts and esters of adipic acid.
Algae fuel, algal biofuel, or algal oil is an alternative to liquid fossil fuels that uses algae as its source of energy-rich oils.
In organic chemistry, hydrocarbons (compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen) are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil) also known as non-aromatic compounds.
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin (a historical name that also has other meanings), is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon.
Amylomaize was a term coined in the late 1940s by Robert P. Bear of Bear Hybrids Corn Company in Decatur, Illinois to describe his discovery and commercial breeding of a cornstarch with high (>50%) amylose content, also called high amylose starch.
Angewandte Chemie (meaning "Applied Chemistry") is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal that is published by Wiley-VCH on behalf of the German Chemical Society (Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker).
Arkema is a specialty chemicals and advanced materials company headquartered in Colombes, near Paris, France.
In organic chemistry, the term aromaticity is used to describe a cyclic (ring-shaped), planar (flat) molecule with a ring of resonance bonds that exhibits more stability than other geometric or connective arrangements with the same set of atoms.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Biobased economy, bioeconomy or biotechonomy refers to all economic activity derived from scientific and research activity focused on biotechnology.
Biodegradable plastics are plastics that are decomposed by the action of living organisms, usually bacteria.
Biodegradation is the disintegration of materials by bacteria, fungi, or other biological means.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.
BioSphere Plastic is a manufacturer of biodegradable additives.
Braskem is a Brazilian petrochemical company headquartered in São Paulo.
A by-product is a secondary product derived from a manufacturing process or chemical reaction.
A carbon footprint is historically defined as the total emissions caused by an individual, event, organisation, or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent.
Carbon-12 is the more abundant of the two stable isotopes of carbon (Carbon-13 being the other), amounting to 98.93% of the element carbon; its abundance is due to the triple-alpha process by which it is created in stars.
Carbon-14, 14C, or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope of carbon with an atomic nucleus containing 6 protons and 8 neutrons.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Cellulose acetate is the acetate ester of cellulose.
Civil society is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens".
In chemistry, a colloid is a mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance.
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed in a process called composting.
Corn starch, cornstarch, cornflour or maize starch or maize is the starch derived from the corn (maize) grain.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Ecotoxicity, the subject of study of the field of ecotoxicology (a portmanteau of ecology and toxicology), refers to the potential for biological, chemical or physical stressors to affect ecosystems.
Edible tableware is tableware, such as plates, drinkware and glasses, utensils and cutlery, that is edible.
Emulsion polymerization is a type of radical polymerization that usually starts with an emulsion incorporating water, monomer, and surfactant.
Energy Star (trademarked ENERGY STAR) is a voluntary program launched by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and now managed by the EPA and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that helps businesses and individuals save money and protect the environment through superior energy efficiency.
Epoxy is either any of the basic components or the cured end products of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group.
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN, Comité Européen de Normalisation) is a public standards organization whose mission is to foster the economy of the European Union (EU) in global trading, the welfare of European citizens and the environment by providing an efficient infrastructure to interested parties for the development, maintenance and distribution of coherent sets of standards and specifications.
Fermentation is a metabolic process that consumes sugar in the absence of oxygen.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
The term flame retardants subsumes a diverse group of chemicals which are added to manufactured materials, such as plastics and textiles, and surface finishes and coatings.
A fossil fuel is a fuel formed by natural processes, such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms, containing energy originating in ancient photosynthesis.
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is a 3D printing process that uses a continuous filament of a thermoplastic material.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
Genetically modified bacteria were the first organisms to be modified in the laboratory, due to their simple genetics.
Genetically modified crops (GMCs, GM crops, or biotech crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of which has been modified using genetic engineering methods.
Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6.
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range.
The halogens are a group in the periodic table consisting of five chemically related elements: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), iodine (I), and astatine (At).
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.
In soil science, humus (derived in 1790–1800 from the Latin humus for earth, ground) denominates the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular cake structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals." Humus significantly affects the bulk density of soil and contributes to its retention of moisture and nutrients.
Ingeo is trademarked brand name for a range of polylactic acid (PLA) biopolymers owned by NatureWorks.
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) is an international federation of National Adhering Organizations that represents chemists in individual countries.
A layer is the deposition of molecules on a substrate or base (glass, ceramic, semiconductor, or plastic/bioplastic).
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
Mass spectrometry (MS) is an analytical technique that ionizes chemical species and sorts the ions based on their mass-to-charge ratio.
Global methane emissions are major part of the global greenhouse gas emissions.
A microbiota is an "ecological community of commensal, symbiotic and pathogenic microorganisms" found in and on all multicellular organisms studied to date from plants to animals.
Mirel is a trade name for a polyhydroxyalkanoate-based biodegradable bioplastic made by Cambridge, Massachusetts based company Metabolix.
A monomer (mono-, "one" + -mer, "part") is a molecule that "can undergo polymerization thereby contributing constitutional units to the essential structure of a macromolecule".
Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Nylon 11 or Polyamide 11 (PA 11) is a polyamide and bioplastic, a member of the nylon family of polymers.
Nylon 12 is a polymer with the formula n. It is made from ω-aminolauric acid or laurolactam monomers that each have 12 carbons, hence the name ‘Nylon 12’.
Olefin metathesis is an organic reaction that entails the redistribution of fragments of alkenes (olefins) by the scission and regeneration of carbon-carbon double bonds.
Organic electronics is a field of materials science concerning the design, synthesis, characterization, and application of organic small molecules or polymers that show desirable electronic properties such as conductivity.
An organic solar cell or plastic solar cell is a type of photovoltaic that uses organic electronics, a branch of electronics that deals with conductive organic polymers or small organic molecules, for light absorption and charge transport to produce electricity from sunlight by the photovoltaic effect.
OXO Biodegradable OXO-biodegradation is defined by CEN (the European Standards Organisation) as "degradation resulting from oxidative and cell-mediated phenomena, either simultaneously or successively." Sometimes described as "OXO-degradable" but this describes only the first or oxidative phase and this description should not be used for material which degrades by the process of OXO-biodegradation defined by CEN.
Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities (energy transformation).
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
A plastic bottle is a bottle constructed from plastic.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
Polycaprolactone (PCL) is a biodegradable polyester with a low melting point of around 60 °C and a glass transition temperature of about −60 °C.
Polyester is a category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain.
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic.
Polyhydroxyalkanoates or PHAs are polyesters produced in nature by numerous microorganisms, including through bacterial fermentation of sugar or lipids.
Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), a polymer belonging to the polyesters class that are of interest as bio-derived and biodegradable plastics.
Poly(lactic acid) or polylactic acid or polylactide (PLA) is a biodegradable and bioactive thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States and Canada), cassava roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane (in the rest of the world).
A polyolefin is any of a class of polymers produced from a simple olefin (also called an alkene with the general formula CnH2n) as a monomer.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene.
Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links.
Pure and Applied Chemistry (abbreviated Pure Appl. Chem.) is the official journal for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Soil acidification is the buildup of hydrogen cations, also called protons, reducing the soil pH.
Good Natured Products Inc. (TSX V:SGB), formerly Solegear, is an award-winning, publicly traded bioplastics company founded in 2006 and based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.
South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere.
Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The University of Warwick is a plate glass research university in Coventry, England.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
ASTM D5526, ASTM D6002, ASTM D6400, ASTM D6866, Bio plastics, Bio-plastic, Bio-plastics, Biodegradable Plastic, Biodegradable Plastics, Bioplast, Bioplastics, Decomposable plastic, Decomposable plastics, EN 13432, Fuel-latent plastic, Plant based plastic.