56 relations: Arene substitution pattern, Aromatic hydrocarbon, Aromatic sulfonation, Atropisomer, Bacteria, Benzene, Benzidine, BINAP, Chemical formula, Citrus, Coal tar, Coupling reaction, Dielectric, Diflunisal, Diphenyl ether, Distillation, E number, Electrophilic aromatic substitution, Emulsion, Enantioselective synthesis, Eutectic system, Flame retardant, Functional group, Fungicide, Fungus, Heat transfer, Ligand, Liquid crystal, Liquid-crystal display, Medication, Mold, Naphthalene, Natural gas, Optical brightener, Optical rotation, Organic compound, Oritavancin, Petroleum, Phenyl group, Phenylmagnesium bromide, Plastic, Polybrominated biphenyl, Polychlorinated biphenyl, Preservative, Solubility, Solvent, Steric effects, Suzuki reaction, Symmetry group, Telmisartan, ..., Terphenyl, Terpyridine, Terthiophene, Toluene, Tricyclobutabenzene, Ullmann reaction. Expand index (6 more) » « Shrink index
Arene substitution patterns are part of organic chemistry IUPAC nomenclature and pinpoint the position of substituents other than hydrogen in relation to each other on an aromatic hydrocarbon.
An aromatic hydrocarbon or arene (or sometimes aryl hydrocarbon) is a hydrocarbon with sigma bonds and delocalized pi electrons between carbon atoms forming a circle.
Aromatic sulfonation is an organic reaction in which a hydrogen atom on an arene is replaced by a sulfonic acid functional group in an electrophilic aromatic substitution.
Atropisomers are stereoisomers arising because of hindered rotation about a single bond, where energy differences due to steric strain or other contributors create a barrier to rotation that is high enough to allow for isolation of individual conformers.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.
Benzidine (trivial name), also called 1,1'-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (systematic name), is an organic compound with the formula (C6H4NH2)2.
BINAP (2,2'-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1'-binaphthyl) is an organophosphorus compound.
A chemical formula is a way of presenting information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal.
A coupling reaction in organic chemistry is a general term for a variety of reactions where two hydrocarbon fragments are coupled with the aid of a metal catalyst.
A dielectric (or dielectric material) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.
Diflunisal is a salicylic acid derivative with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.
Diphenyl ether is the organic compound with the formula (C6H5)2O.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
Electrophilic aromatic substitution is an organic reaction in which an atom that is attached to an aromatic system (usually hydrogen) is replaced by an electrophile.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable).
Enantioselective synthesis, also called asymmetric synthesis, is a form of chemical synthesis.
A eutectic system from the Greek "ευ" (eu.
The term flame retardants subsumes a diverse group of chemicals which are added to manufactured materials, such as plastics and textiles, and surface finishes and coatings.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the generation, use, conversion, and exchange of thermal energy (heat) between physical systems.
In coordination chemistry, a ligand is an ion or molecule (functional group) that binds to a central metal atom to form a coordination complex.
Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
A mold or mould (is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.
Naphthalene is an organic compound with formula.
Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes, and sometimes a small percentage of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide, or helium.
Optical brighteners, optical brightening agents (OBAs), fluorescent brightening agents (FBAs), or fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), are chemical compounds that absorb light in the ultraviolet and violet region (usually 340-370 nm) of the electromagnetic spectrum, and re-emit light in the blue region (typically 420-470 nm) by fluorescence.
Optical rotation or optical activity (sometimes referred to as rotary polarization) is the rotation of the plane of polarization of linearly polarized light as it travels through certain materials.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Oritavancin (INN, also known as LY333328, Orbactiv) is a novel semisynthetic glycopeptide antibiotic for the treatment of serious Gram-positive bacterial infections.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
In organic chemistry, the phenyl group or phenyl ring is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C6H5.
Phenylmagnesium bromide, with the simplified formula, is a magnesium-containing organometallic compound.
Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), also called brominated biphenyls or polybromobiphenyls, are a group of manufactured chemicals that consist of polyhalogenated derivatives of a biphenyl core.
A polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C12H10−xClx.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid or gaseous solvent.
A solvent (from the Latin solvō, "loosen, untie, solve") is a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct liquid, solid or gas), resulting in a solution.
Steric effects are nonbonding interactions that influence the shape (conformation) and reactivity of ions and molecules.
The Suzuki reaction is an organic reaction, classified as a coupling reaction, where the coupling partners are a boronic acid and an organohalide catalyzed by a palladium(0) complex.
In group theory, the symmetry group of an object (image, signal, etc.) is the group of all transformations under which the object is invariant with composition as the group operation.
Telmisartan (INN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (angiotensin receptor blocker, ARB) used in the management of hypertension.
Terphenyls are a group of closely related aromatic hydrocarbons.
Terpyridine (2,2';6',2"-terpyridine, often abbreviated to Terpy or Tpy) is a heterocyclic compound derived from pyridine.
Terthiophene is the organic compound with the formula 2C4H2S.
Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Tricyclobutabenzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of a benzene core with three cyclobutane rings fused onto it.
The Ullmann reaction or Ullmann coupling is a coupling reaction between aryl halides and copper.
(C6H5)2, Biaryl, Bibenzene, Biphenyl compounds, Biphenyl degradation, Diphenyl, E230, E7 liquid crystal mixture, Lemonene, Liquid crystal E7 mixture, Ph-Ph, Phenyl benzene, Phenylbenzene, Xenene, Xenyl.