97 relations: Aerobatics, Agricultural aircraft, Aileron, Air-to-ground weaponry, Airplane, Albatros D.III, Anti-submarine warfare, Antonov An-3, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), Aviasud Mistral, Aviation, Avro 504, B&F Fk12, Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing, Bill Lishman, Biology, Biplane, Boeing-Stearman Model 75, Bomber, Box kite, Bracing (aeronautics), Chord (aeronautics), Cosmos (Australian magazine), Curtiss JN-4, De Havilland Tiger Moth, Dornier-Zeppelin D.I, Drag (physics), Escort carrier, Fairey Swordfish, Feathered dinosaur, Fiat CR.42, Fixed-wing aircraft, Fleet Air Arm, Flying and gliding animals, Fokker D.VII, Fokker D.VIII, Fokker V.4, Fuselage, Gloster Gladiator, Grumman Ag Cat, Handley Page V/1500, Hang gliding, Heinkel He 50, History of aviation, Junkers D.I, Junkers J 1, Junkers J.I, Korean People's Army Air and Anti-Air Force, Korean War, Lawrence Hargrave, ..., Mauro Solar Riser, Microraptor, Monoplane, Morane-Saulnier AI, Murphy Renegade, Naval Aircraft Factory N3N, Nieuport, Nieuport 10, Nieuport 17, Nieuport 27, Octave Chanute, Pander E, Parasitic drag, Pitts Special, Polikarpov Po-2, PZL M-15 Belphegor, Reciprocating engine, Royal Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Royal Flying Corps, Sopwith 1½ Strutter, Sopwith Dolphin, SPAD S.XIII, Stagger (aeronautics), Stall (fluid mechanics), Stampe-Vertongen SV.4, Tandem wing, Tension member, Torpedo bomber, Trainer aircraft, Triplane, Turbofan, Turboprop, Udet U 12, UFM Easy Riser, Ultralight aviation, United States Army Air Forces, Waco Custom Cabin series, Waco F series, Waco Standard Cabin series, Wing, Wing configuration, Wing loading, Wing walking, World War I, World War II, Wright Flyer. Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
Aerobatics (a portmanteau of aerial-acrobatics) is the practice of flying maneuvers involving aircraft attitudes that are not used in normal flight.
An agricultural aircraft is an aircraft that has been built or converted for agricultural use - usually aerial application of pesticides (crop dusting) or fertilizer (aerial topdressing); in these roles they are referred to as "crop dusters" or "top dressers".
An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Air-to-ground weaponry is aircraft ordnance used by combat aircraft to attack ground targets.
An airplane or aeroplane (informally plane) is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
The Albatros D.III was a biplane fighter aircraft used by the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I. A modified licence model was built by Oeffag for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (''Luftfahrtruppen'').
Anti-submarine warfare (ASW, or in older form A/S) is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, or other submarines to find, track and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines.
The Antonov An-3 is a Soviet (later Ukrainian and Russian) civil multipurpose and agricultural aircraft.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
The Aviasud Mistral is a French two-seat ultralight biplane built by Aviasud Engineering.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
The Avro 504 was a First World War biplane aircraft made by the Avro aircraft company and under licence by others.
The B&F Fk12 Comet, also called the FK-Lightplanes FK12 Comet, is a single-engine, two-seat sports biplane designed in Germany.
The Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing is an American biplane with an atypical negative wing stagger (the lower wing is farther forward than the upper wing), that first flew in 1932.
William Lishman, M.S.M., LL.D. (February 12, 1939 – December 30, 2017) was an award-winning sculptor, filmmaker, inventor, naturalist and public speaker, president of William Lishman & Associates Limited, Vice President of Paula Lishman Limited and Chair Emeritus of Operation Migration Inc.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with two main wings stacked one above the other.
The Stearman (Boeing) Model 75 is a biplane used as a military trainer aircraft, of which at least 10,626 were built in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s.
A bomber is a combat aircraft designed to attack ground and naval targets by dropping air-to-ground weaponry (such as bombs), firing torpedoes and bullets or deploying air-launched cruise missiles.
A box kite is a high performance kite, noted for developing relatively high lift; it is a type within the family of cellular kites.
In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.
In aeronautics, chord refers to the imaginary straight line joining the leading and trailing edges of an aerofoil.
Cosmos (styled COSMOS) is a science magazine produced in Australia with a global outlook and literary ambitions.
The Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" was one of a series of "JN" biplanes built by the Curtiss Aeroplane Company of Hammondsport, New York, later the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company.
The de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth is a 1930s biplane designed by Geoffrey de Havilland and built by the de Havilland Aircraft Company.
The Zeppelin D.I, or Zeppelin-Lindau D.I or Zeppelin D.I (Do) (as named in German documents), also sometimes referred to postwar as the Dornier D.I or Dornier-Zeppelin D.I, for the designer,Grosz, 1998, p.12 was a single-seat all-metal stressed skinGrey, 1970, p.580 monocoque cantilever-wing biplane fighter, developed by Claude Dornier while working for Luftschiffbau Zeppelin at their Lindau facility.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
The escort carrier or escort aircraft carrier (US hull classification symbol CVE), also called a "jeep carrier" or "baby flattop" in the United States Navy (USN) or "Woolworth Carrier" by the Royal Navy, was a small and slow type of aircraft carrier used by the Royal Navy, the Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army Air Force, and the United States Navy in World War II.
The Fairey Swordfish was a biplane torpedo bomber designed by the Fairey Aviation Company.
For over 150 years, since scientific research began on dinosaurs in the early 1800s, dinosaurs were generally believed to be most closely related to squamata ("scaled reptiles"); the word "dinosaur", coined in 1842 by paleontologist Richard Owen, comes from the Greek for "fearsome lizard".
The Fiat CR.42 Falco ("Falcon", plural: Falchi) was a single-seat sesquiplane fighter developed and produced by Italian aircraft manufacturer Fiat Aviazione.
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft, such as an airplane or aeroplane (note the two different spellings), which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings.
The Fleet Air Arm (FAA) is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of naval aircraft.
A number of animals have evolved aerial locomotion, either by powered flight or by gliding.
The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker E.V was a German parasol-monoplane fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz and built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker V.4 was a prototype German fighter aircraft of World War I. Inspired by the successful Sopwith Triplane, Anthony Fokker chose to create a triplane fighter.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
The Gloster Gladiator (or Gloster SS.37) is a British-built biplane fighter.
The Grumman G-164 Ag Cat is a single-engine biplane agricultural aircraft, developed by Grumman in the 1950s.
The Handley Page V/1500 was a British night-flying heavy bomber built by Handley Page towards the end of the First World War.
Hang gliding is an air sport or recreational activity in which a pilot flies a light, non-motorised foot-launched heavier-than-air aircraft called a hang glider.
The Heinkel He 50 was a German World War II-era dive bomber, originally designed for the Imperial Japanese Navy.
The history of aviation extends for more than two thousand years, from the earliest forms of aviation such as kites and attempts at tower jumping to supersonic and hypersonic flight by powered, heavier-than-air jets.
The Junkers D.I (factory designation J 9) was a monoplane fighter aircraft produced in Germany late in World War I, significant for becoming the first all-metal fighter to enter service.
The Junkers J 1, nicknamed the Blechesel ("Tin Donkey" or "Sheet Metal Donkey"), was an experimental monoplane aircraft developed by Junkers & Co.
The Junkers J.I (manufacturer's designation J 4) was a German "J-class" armored sesquiplane of World War I, developed for low-level ground attack, observation and Army cooperation.
The Korean People's Army Air and Anti-Air Force (KPAAF or KPAF; Chosŏn'gŭl: 조선인민군 항공 및 반항공군; Chosŏn inmin'gun hangkong mit banhangkonggun; Hanja: 朝鮮人民軍 航空 및 反航空軍) is the unified military aviation force of North Korea.
The Korean War (in South Korean, "Korean War"; in North Korean, "Fatherland: Liberation War"; 25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between North Korea (with the support of China and the Soviet Union) and South Korea (with the principal support of the United States).
Lawrence Hargrave, MRAeS, (29 January 18506 July 1915) was an Australian engineer, explorer, astronomer, inventor and aeronautical pioneer.
The Mauro Solar Riser is an American biplane ultralight electric aircraft that was the first manned aircraft to fly on solar power.
Microraptor (Greek, μικρός, mīkros: "small"; Latin, raptor: "one who seizes") was a genus of small, four-winged paravian dinosaurs.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
The Morane-Saulnier AI (also Type AI) was a French parasol-wing fighter aircraft produced by Morane-Saulnier during World War I.
The Murphy Renegade is a family of Canadian two-seats-in-tandem, single engine, conventional landing gear, biplanes, produced by Murphy Aircraft and intended for amateur construction.
The Naval Aircraft Factory N3N was an American tandem-seat, open cockpit, primary training biplane aircraft built by the Naval Aircraft Factory (NAF) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the 1930s.
Nieuport, later Nieuport-Delage, was a French aeroplane company that primarily built racing aircraft before World War I and fighter aircraft during World War I and between the wars.
The Nieuport 10 was a French First World War sesquiplane that filled a wide variety of roles including reconnaissance, fighter and trainer.
The Nieuport 17 C.1 was a French sesquiplaneA type of biplane in which one pair of wings is markedly smaller than the other.
The Nieuport 27 was a French sesquiplane fighter aircraft during World War I designed by Gustave Delage.
Octave Chanute (February 18, 1832, Paris – November 23, 1910, Chicago, Illinois) was a French-American civil engineer and aviation pioneer, born in France.
The Pander E was the first indigenous Dutch training aircraft, used by clubs and also privately owned.
Parasitic drag is drag that results when an object is moved through a fluid medium.
The Pitts Special (company designations S1 and S2) is a series of light aerobatic biplanes designed by Curtis Pitts.
The Polikarpov Po-2 (also U-2, for its initial ''uchebnyy'' role as a flight instruction aircraft) served as a general-purpose Soviet biplane, nicknamed Kukuruznik (Кукурузник,Gunston 1995, p. 292. from Russian "kukuruza" (кукуруза) for maize; thus, "maize duster" or "crop duster"), NATO reporting name "Mule".
The PZL M-15 was a jet-powered biplane manufactured by WSK PZL-Mielec in Poland for Soviet agricultural aviation.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF; Aviation royale canadienne, ARC) is the air force of Canada.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
The Sopwith 1½ Strutter was a British single or two-seat multi-role biplane aircraft of the First World War.
The Sopwith 5F.1 Dolphin was a British fighter aircraft manufactured by the Sopwith Aviation Company.
The SPAD S.XIII was a French biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War, developed by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) from the earlier and highly successful SPAD S.VII. During early 1917, the French designer Louis Béchereau, spurred by the approaching obsolescence of the S.VII, decided to develop two new fighter aircraft, the S.XII and the S.XIII, both utilizing a powerful new geared version of the successful Hispano-Suiza 8A engine. The cannon armament of the S.XII was unpopular with most pilots, but the S.XIII proved to be one of the most capable fighters of the war, as well as one of the most-produced, with 8,472 built and orders for around 10,000 more cancelled at the Armistice.Sharpe 2000, p. 272. By the end of the First World War, the S.XIII had equipped virtually every fighter squadron of the ''Aéronautique Militaire''. In addition, the United States Army Air Service also procured the type in bulk during the conflict, and some replaced or supplemented S.VIIs in the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), pending the arrival of Sopwith Dolphins. It proved popular with its pilots; numerous aces from various nations flew the S.XIII during their flying careers. Following the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, which effectively marked the end of the First World War, surplus S.XIIIs were sold in great numbers to both civil and military operators throughout the world.
In aviation, stagger is the relative horizontal fore-aft positioning of stacked wings in a biplane, triplane, or multiplane.
In fluid dynamics, a stall is a reduction in the lift coefficient generated by a foil as angle of attack increases.
The Stampe et Vertongen SV.4 (also known incorrectly as the Stampe SV.4 or just Stampe) is a Belgian two-seat trainer/tourer biplane designed and built by Stampe et Vertongen.
QAC Quickie Q2 A tandem wing aircraft has two main wings, with one located forward and the other to the rear.
Tension members are structural elements that are subjected to axial tensile forces.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
A triplane is a fixed-wing aircraft equipped with three vertical stacked wing planes.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft propeller.
The Udet U 12 Flamingo was an aerobatic sports plane and trainer aircraft developed in Germany in the mid-1920s.
The UFM Easy Riser is an American swept wing biplane hang glider that was first powered in 1975, becoming the first modern ultralight aircraft.
Ultralight aviation (called microlight aviation in some countries) is the flying of lightweight, 1- or 2-seat fixed-wing aircraft.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The Waco Custom Cabins were a series of up-market single-engined four-to-five-seat cabin sesquiplanes of the late 1930s produced by the Waco Aircraft Company of the United States.
The Waco F series was a range of American-built private pilot owner and training biplanes of the 1930s from the Waco Aircraft Company.
The Waco Standard Cabin series is a range of American single-engine 4–5 seat fabric covered cabin biplanes produced by the Waco Aircraft Company beginning in 1931 with the QDC and continuing until 1942 when production ended for the VKS-7F.
A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid.
The wing configuration of a fixed-wing aircraft (including both gliders and powered aeroplanes or airplanes) is its arrangement of lifting and related surfaces.
In aerodynamics, wing loading is the total weight of an aircraft divided by the area of its wing.
Starting in airshows and barnstorming during the 1920s, wing walking is the act of moving on the wings of an airplane during flight.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Wright Flyer (often retrospectively referred to as Flyer I or 1903 Flyer) was the first successful heavier-than-air powered aircraft.