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A&E is an American digital cable and satellite television television channel.
African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.
Al-Karak (الكرك), also known as just Karak or Kerak, is a city in Jordan known for its Crusader castle, the Kerak Castle.
Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
The Alabama Ballet is a ballet company in Alabama, United States.
The Alabama Great Southern Railroad is a railroad in the U.S. states of Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
The Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame (AJHF) was founded in 1978, and opened a museum on September 18, 1993, with a mission "to foster, encourage, educate, and cultivate a general appreciation of the medium of jazz music as a legitimate, original and distinctive art form indigenous to America.
The Alabama Museum of the Health Sciences was opened and dedicated at the UAB campus in 1975.
The Alabama Outlawz were a professional indoor football team that resumed play in Arena Pro Football.
Alabama Power Company, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a company in the southern United States that provides electricity service to 1.4 million customers in the southern two-thirds of Alabama.
The Alabama Power Headquarters Building is an 18 story (98 m), corporate headquarters building located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Alabama Public Television is a state network of PBS member television stations serving the U.S. state of Alabama.
The Alabama School of Fine Arts (ASFA) is a public, partially residential high school located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Alabama Splash Adventure (previously known as VisionLand, Alabama Adventure and Splash Adventure) is a water park and amusement park, located off Interstate 20/59 in Bessemer, Alabama, just west of Birmingham and east of Tuscaloosa.
The Alabama Sports Hall of Fame (ASHOF) is a state museum located in Birmingham, Alabama, dedicated to communicating the state’s athletic history.
The Alabama Symphony Orchestra is a major orchestra based in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Alabama Theatre is a movie palace in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Alabama Warrior Railway is a terminal railroad in Birmingham, Alabama.
Alabaster is a city and southern suburb of Birmingham in Shelby County, Alabama, United States.
Alabama Gas Corporation, known as Alagasco, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is the largest natural gas utility in north and central Alabama that provides energy to 460,000 homes and businesses.
Aldridge Gardens is a 30-acre (121,000 m²) garden, prominently featuring hydrangeas, located on the former Aldridge Estate in Hoover, Alabama, United States.
The All-American Bowl was an annual postseason college football bowl game played at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama from 1977 to 1990.
Alliance Birmingham (temporary name) is a future professional American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama and are charter members of the Alliance of American Football.
The Alliance of American Football (AAF) is a proposed professional American football league set to commence play in February 2019, one week following the National Football League's Super Bowl championship game.
The Altamont School, located in Birmingham, Alabama atop Red Mountain, is a college preparatory day school with coeducational enrollment of grades 5–12.
The Alys Robinson Stephens Performing Arts Center (ASC) is a performing arts facility located on the campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB).
The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
AMERICAN Cast Iron Pipe Company, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a manufacturer of ductile iron pipe, spiral-welded steel pipe, fire hydrants and valves for the waterworks industry and electric-resistance-welded steel pipe for the oil and natural gas industry.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
American Eagle is an American brand name for the regional branch of American Airlines, under which nine (seven from 2019) individual regional airlines operate short- and medium-haul feeder flights.
American Sports Medicine Institute (ASMI) located in Birmingham, Alabama was founded in 1986 by Dr. James Andrews and Dr. Lawrence Lemak with original funding from HealthSouth Corporation.
AmSouth Bancorporation was a banking company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, and operated for its final year in existence as a bank holding company (subsidiary) of Regions Financial Corporation after a merger between the two banks.
Anshan is the third largest prefecture-level city in Liaoning Province, China.
The Appalachian Mountains (les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America.
The April 1977 Birmingham tornado was a powerful tornado that struck the northern suburbs of the Greater Birmingham Area in central Alabama during the afternoon of April 4, 1977.
Area code 205 is the North American telephone area code for western and central Alabama, including the cities of Birmingham and Tuscaloosa.
Arlington Antebellum Home & Gardens is a former plantation house and of landscaped gardens near downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent.
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas.
The AT&T City Center is a 30 story, 390 foot (119 m) office building located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Atlantic City is a resort city in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, known for its casinos, boardwalk, and beaches.
Avondale was a company town built around the Avondale Mills east of Birmingham, Alabama in Jefferson County.
B.L. Harbert International, LLC, based in Birmingham, Alabama, is a construction company that began operations in 2000 under the leadership of Billy L. Harbert.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
The Barber Motorsports Park is a multi-purpose racing facility located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Bass Masters Classic: Pro Edition is an enhanced version of the Bass Masters Classic fishing video game.
BBVA Compass Bancshares, Inc. (formerly Compass Bancshares) is a bank holding company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
BE&K, Inc., based in Birmingham, Alabama, is a global engineering and construction company.
BellSouth, LLC (stylized as BELLSOUTH and formerly known as BellSouth Corporation) is an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia.
The Bessemer Hall of History is a museum located in, and devoted to the history of, the city of Bessemer, Alabama.
Bessemer is a city southwest of Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
The W. F. "Bill" Harris State Fair Arena (called Bill Harris Arena or Fair Park Arena) is a 6,000-seat multipurpose indoor arena located at the Alabama State Fairgrounds.
Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Birmingham Americans were a professional American football team located in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Barons are a Minor League Baseball team based in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Barracudas were a Canadian football team that played the 1995 season in the Canadian Football League.
The Birmingham Black Barons played professional baseball for Birmingham, Alabama, in the Negro Leagues from 1920 to 1960 when the Major Leagues successfully integrated.
The Birmingham Botanical Gardens is of botanical gardens located adjacent to Lane Park at the southern foot of Red Mountain in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Bowl is a post-season NCAA-sanctioned Division I-A college football bowl game approved in April 2006 and plays annually at the 71,594-seat Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Bulls are a professional ice hockey team in Pelham, Alabama, that began play in the 2017–18 season as a member of the Southern Professional Hockey League.
The Birmingham Children's Theatre, the professional resident theatre company at the Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex, remains one of the oldest and largest professional theatres producing live theatre for young audiences.
Birmingham City Schools is a public school district that serves the US city of Birmingham, Alabama.
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute is a large interpretive museum and research center in Birmingham, Alabama that depicts the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Birmingham Fire were a professional American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham metropolitan area, sometimes known as Greater Birmingham, is a metropolitan area in north central Alabama centered on Birmingham, Alabama.
Founded in 1951, the Birmingham Museum of Art in Birmingham, Alabama, today has one of the finest collections in the Southeastern United States, with more than 24,000 paintings, sculptures, prints, drawings, and decorative arts representing a numerous diverse cultures, including Asian, European, American, African, Pre-Columbian, and Native American.
The Birmingham Post-Herald was a daily newspaper in Birmingham, Alabama, with roots dating back to 1850, before the founding of Birmingham.
The Birmingham Public Library, a well-respected and one of the largest library systems in the southeastern United States, consists of 19 branches and a main or central library located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham School of Law is a state-accredited law school located in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Southern Railroad was a short-line railroad in the Birmingham, Alabama area.
The Birmingham Stallions were a franchise in the United States Football League, an attempt to establish a second professional league of American football in the United States in competition with the National Football League.
The Birmingham Thunderbolts were a short-lived springtime American football team based in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Vulcans were a professional American football team located in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham Zoo is a zoological park that opened in 1955 in Birmingham, Alabama (US).
Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority (BJCTA) is the public transportation operator in the city of Birmingham, Alabama.
The Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex (formerly known as Birmingham–Jefferson Civic Center) is a sports, convention and entertainment complex located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, formerly Birmingham Municipal Airport and later Birmingham International Airport, is a joint civil-military airport serving the city of Birmingham, Alabama and its metropolitan area, including Tuscaloosa, in the United States.
Birmingham–Southern College (BSC) is a private liberal arts college in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
"Black Betty" (Roud 11668) is a 20th-century African-American work song often credited to Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter as the author, though the earliest recordings are not by him.
The Black Warrior River is a waterway in west-central Alabama in the southeastern United States.
BlackHawk is an American country music group founded in 1992 by Henry Paul (lead vocals, mandolin, acoustic guitar), Van Stephenson (background vocals, electric guitar), and Dave Robbins (background vocals, keyboards).
A blast furnace is a type of metallurgical furnace used for smelting to produce industrial metals, generally pig iron, but also others such as lead or copper.
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama (BCBSAL) is a nonprofit health insurance company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
The BNSF Railway Company is the largest freight railroad network in North America, followed by the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) in second place, its primary competitor for Western U.S. freight.
Vincent Edward "Bo" Jackson (born November 30, 1962) is a former baseball and American football player.
Bombingham is a nickname for Birmingham, Alabama during the Civil Rights Movement due to the 50 dynamite explosions that occurred in the city between 1947 and 1965.
Boutwell Memorial Auditorium is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena located in Birmingham, Alabama.
A boycott is an act of voluntary and intentional abstention from using, buying, or dealing with a person, organization, or country as an expression of protest, usually for moral, social, political, or environmental reasons.
Brasfield & Gorrie, LLC is one of the United States’s largest privately held construction firms, providing general contracting, design-build, and construction management services for a wide variety of markets.
Briarwood Presbyterian Church is a congregation of the Presbyterian Church in America located in suburban Birmingham, Alabama.
Bribery is the act of giving or receiving something of value in exchange for some kind of influence or action in return, that the recipient would otherwise not alter.
Bright House Networks LLC was an American telecom company.
Buffalo Rock Company is an independent Pepsi bottler based in Birmingham, Alabama.
Theophilus Eugene Connor (July 11, 1897 – March 10, 1973), known as Bull Connor, was an American politician who served as an elected Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama, for more than two decades.
Cadence Bank, N.A., based in Atlanta, Georgia is a $9.8 billion regional bank with 65 branches in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee and Texas.
The Cahaba River is the longest substantially free-flowing river in Alabama and is among the most scenic and biologically diverse rivers in the United States.
Calera is a city in Shelby and Chilton counties in the U.S. state of Alabama.
Campania is a region in Southern Italy.
"Gwine to Run All Night, or De Camptown Races" (popularly known as "Camptown Races") is a minstrel song by Stephen Foster (1826–1864).
The Canadian Football League (CFL; Ligue canadienne de football, LCF) is a professional sports league in Canada.
A capital improvement plan (CIP), or capital improvement program, is a short-range plan, usually four to ten years, which identifies capital projects and equipment purchases, provides a planning schedule and identifies options for financing the plan.
The Carver Theatre, now formally known as the Carver Performing Arts Center, is a theater located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
The Cathedral Church of the Advent in Birmingham, Alabama, is the mother church of the Episcopal Diocese of Alabama.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
CBS (an initialism of the network's former name, the Columbia Broadcasting System) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation.
Center Point is a newly incorporated city and a former census-designated place (CDP) in northeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
The North American Central Time Zone (CT) is a time zone in parts of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, some Caribbean Islands, and part of the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
Chaoyang District is a core district of Beijing.
Charles Wade Barkley (born February 20, 1963) is an American retired professional basketball player who is currently an analyst on Inside the NBA.
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina.
Charter Communications, Inc. is an American telecommunications company that offers its services to consumers and businesses under the branding of Spectrum.
Chattanooga is a city in the U.S. state of Tennessee, with a population of 177,571 in 2016.
Chelsea is a city in Shelby County, Alabama, United States.
The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
A city is a large human settlement.
City commission government is a form of local government in the United States.
The City Federal Building (originally the Comer Building) is a skyscraper located on Second Avenue North in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and US labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men.
Clanton is a city in Chilton County, Alabama, United States.
Clay is a city in northeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
Cobán, fully Santo Domingo de Cobán, is the capital of the department of Alta Verapaz in central Guatemala.
Cobb is a 1994 biopic starring Tommy Lee Jones as the famed baseball player Ty Cobb.
Coca-Cola Bottling Company UNITED, Inc. is a private Coca-Cola bottling company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
Commercial Metals Company is a steel and metal manufacturer based in Irving, Texas.
A company town is a place where practically all stores and housing are owned by the one company that is also the main employer.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish.
Crawford Broadcasting is a family-owned media company based in Denver, Colorado.
The Crescent is a passenger train operated by Amtrak in the eastern United States.
CSX Transportation is a Class I railroad operating in the eastern United States and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Cullman is a city in and the county seat of Cullman County, Alabama, United States.
Cumberland School of Law is an ABA accredited law school at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Cumulus Media, Inc. is an American broadcasting company and is the third largest owner and operator of AM and FM radio stations in the United States behind Entercom and iHeartMedia, Inc. As of July 1, 2017, Cumulus lists ownership of 446 stations in 90 media markets.
CVS Caremark (formerly Caremark Rx) (stylized as CVScaremark, previously CVS/caremark) is the prescription benefit management subsidiary of CVS Health, headquartered in Woonsocket, Rhode Island.
, or Dai-ichi Life for short, is the third-largest life insurer in Japan by revenue, behind Japan Post Insurance and Nippon Life.
The Daniel Building is a 20 story, 238 foot (86 m) office building located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.
Delta Air Lines, Inc., commonly referred to as Delta, is a major United States airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Diagnostic Health Corporation, based in Birmingham, Alabama, is one of the nation's largest independent diagnostic imaging companies.
Dixie Alley is a nickname sometimes given to areas of the southern United States that are particularly vulnerable to strong or violent tornadoes.
The Dixie Bowl was a post-season college football bowl game held New Year's Day at Legion Field in Birmingham, Alabama.
"Down in the Valley", also known as "Birmingham Jail", is a traditional country-blues American folk song.
Drew Christopher Brees (born January 15, 1979) is an American football quarterback for the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League (NFL).
Drummond Company, Inc. is a privately owned company based in Birmingham, Alabama, United States, involved in the mining and processing of coal and coal products as well as oil and real estate.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
The Eastern Tennessee Seismic Zone (ETSZ), also known as the East Tennessee Seismic Zone and the Southern Appalachian Seismic Zone, is a geographic band stretching from northeastern Alabama to southwestern Virginia that is subject to frequent small earthquakes.
EBSCO Industries is an American company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
Elyton (Ely's Town), Alabama, was the county seat of Jefferson County, Alabama from 1821 to 1873.
Encompass Health Corporation (formerly HealthSouth Corporation), based in Birmingham, Alabama, is one of the United States' largest providers of post-acute healthcare services, offering both facility-based and home-based post-acute services in 36 states and Puerto Rico through its network of inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, home health agencies, and hospice agencies.
Engineering News-Record (widely known as ENR) is an American weekly magazine that provides news, analysis, data and opinion for the construction industry worldwide.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English Americans, also referred to as Anglo-Americans, are Americans whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England, a country that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Episcopal Diocese of Alabama is located in Province IV of the Episcopal Church and serves the state of Alabama with the exception of the extreme southern region, including Mobile, which forms part of the Diocese of the Central Gulf Coast.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
The Eternal Word Television Network, more commonly known by its initialism EWTN, is an American television network which presents around-the-clock Catholic-themed programming.
Fairfield is a city in western Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.
A Federal Reserve Bank is a regional bank of the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States.
The FIFA Women's World Cup is an international football competition contested by the senior women's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Forestdale is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederick Lee "Fred" Shuttlesworth (born Fred Lee Robinson, March 18, 1922 – October 5, 2011), was a U.S. civil rights activist who led the fight against segregation and other forms of racism as a minister in Birmingham, Alabama.
Fultondale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States and a northern suburb of Birmingham.
Gardendale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States and a northern suburb of Birmingham.
The GEICO 500 is a Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race held at the Talladega Superspeedway in Lincoln, Alabama.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories.
Ginger ale is a carbonated soft drink flavoured with ginger.
Good Old Boys is the fifth album by Randy Newman, released in September 1974 on Reprise Records, catalogue number 2193.
Grand-Am Road Racing or Grand-Am was an auto racing sanctioning body that was established in 1999 to organize road racing competitions in North America.
The Great Blizzard of 1899 also known as the Great Arctic Outbreak of 1899 and the St.
The Great Depression began in August 1929, when the United States economy first went into an economic recession.
The Great Smoky Mountains are a mountain range rising along the Tennessee–North Carolina border in the southeastern United States.
The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and New Testament, and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire.
Greyhound Lines, Inc., usually shortened to Greyhound, is an intercity bus common carrier serving over 3,800 destinations across North America.
Guédiawaye is a town and département of the Dakar Region of Senegal.
The Gulf South Conference (GSC) is a collegiate athletic conference affiliated at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division II level which operates in the southeastern United States.
Gweru (named Gwelo until 1982) is a city in central Zimbabwe.
A haunted attraction is a form of live entertainment that simulates the experience of covering haunted locations or envisioning horror fiction.
The Heaviest Corner on Earth is a promotional name given to the corner of 20th Street and 1st Avenue North in Birmingham, Alabama, United States, in the early 20th century.
Helena (pronunciation hel-LE-nah) is a city in Jefferson and Shelby Counties in the state of Alabama.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
The Highland Park neighborhood is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Birmingham, Alabama.
Hispanic Americans and Latino Americans (Estadounidenses hispanos) are people in the United States who are descendants of people from countries of Latin America and Spain.
is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.
A hobo is a migrant worker or homeless vagrant, especially one who is impoverished.
Homewood High School (HHS) is a public high school, serving grades 9-12, in the Birmingham, Alabama suburb of Homewood.
Homewood is a city in southeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
The Honda Indy Grand Prix of Alabama is an IndyCar Series race held at Barber Motorsports Park, a 16-turn road course, in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Hoover is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in north central Alabama, United States.
Hueytown is a city in western Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
iHeartMedia, Inc., formerly CC Media Holdings, Inc., is an American mass media corporation headquartered in San Antonio, Texas.
IMAX is a system of high-resolution cameras, film formats and film projectors.
Indian Springs School is a private school that includes grades eight through twelve with both boarding and day students.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
Infinity Property & Casualty Corporation, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a national provider of car insurance.
In Alabama, Interstate 20 (I-20) travels through the center of the state.
Interstate 22 (I-22) is an Interstate Highway that follows the U.S. Route 78 (US 78) corridor on a route from Byhalia, Mississippi south of Memphis, Tennessee, to Birmingham, Alabama.
Interstate 459 (I-459) is a bypass highway of I-59 that is an alternate Interstate Highway around the southern sides of Birmingham, Bessemer, and several other cities and towns in Jefferson County, Alabama.
Interstate 59 (I-59) is an Interstate Highway located in the southeastern United States.
Interstate 65 (I-65) meanders across of the Alabama countryside linking six of the state's ten largest cities.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways, commonly known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States.
Ion Television is an American broadcast, cable, and satellite television network that is owned by Ion Media.
Irondale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), nicknamed The Golden Bear, is a retired American professional golfer.
Jacksonville is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Florida and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.
James Rheuben Andrews, M.D. (born September 1942) is an American orthopedic surgeon.
James Luther Bevel (October 19, 1936 – December 19, 2008) was a minister and leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
are traditional gardens whose designs are accompanied by Japanese aesthetic and philosophical ideas, avoid artificial ornamentation, and highlight the natural landscape.
Jasper is a city in Walker County, Alabama, United States.
Jefferson County International Baccalaureate School (JCIB) is a public International Baccalaureate school located on the campus of Shades Valley High School in Irondale, Alabama.
The Jefferson County School System is the second-largest public school system in Alabama.
Jefferson County is the most populous county in the state of Alabama in the United States.
Jefferson State Community College, more often known as 'Jeff State', is a two-year college in the Alabama Community College System.
Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States.
John Hand Building is a mixed-use high rise building in Birmingham, Alabama, USA, with a height of.
John Andrew Smoltz (born May 15, 1967), nicknamed "Smoltzie" and "Marmaduke," is an American former baseball pitcher who played 22 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1988 to 2009, all but the last year with the Atlanta Braves.
Kelly Ingram Park, formerly West Park, is a four-acre (16,000 m²) park located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Kenneth Edward Mellons (born July 10, 1965) is an American country music artist who released his self-titled debut album in 1994.
Kindergarten (from German, literally meaning 'garden for the children') is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school.
The Ku Klux Klan, commonly called the KKK or simply the Klan, refers to three distinct secret movements at different points in time in the history of the United States.
Larry Paul Langford (born March 17, 1948) is an American politician who served as mayor of the city of Birmingham, Alabama now serving a 15-year federal felony sentence.
Lawson State Community College (also referred to as Lawson State) is a historically black community college located in Birmingham and Bessemer, Alabama, USA.
Huddie William Ledbetter (January 20, 1888 – December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the folk standards he introduced.
Leeds is a tri-county municipality located in Jefferson, St. Clair, and Shelby counties in the State of Alabama and is an eastern suburb of Birmingham.
Legion Field is a stadium in Birmingham, Alabama, United States, primarily designed to be used as a venue for American football, but occasionally used for other large outdoor events.
The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16, 1963, by Martin Luther King Jr. The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Liberty National Life Insurance Company (LNL), located in McKinney, Texas, has been providing life and supplemental health insurance for more than 100 years.
A lifestyle center is a shopping center or mixed-used commercial development that combines the traditional retail functions of a shopping mall with leisure amenities oriented towards upscale consumers.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Alabama is a state located in the Southern United States.
The U.S. state of Alabama has 67 counties.
The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has defined 383 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) for the United States and seven for Puerto Rico.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places of the United States.
This is a list of urban areas in the United States as defined by the United States Census Bureau, ordered according to their 2010 census populations.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, informally known as the St.
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad, commonly called the L&N, was a Class I railroad that operated freight and passenger services in the southeast United States.
Lynyrd Skynyrd, or informally shortened to Skynyrd, is an American rock band best known for having popularized the Southern rock genre during the 1970s.
is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan.
The Magic City Classic is an annual American football "classic" which features Alabama A&M University and Alabama State University, the two largest historically black universities in the state.
Market capitalization (market cap) is the market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares.
Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
McCalla (sometimes spelled Mc Calla) is an unincorporated community in Jefferson and Tuscaloosa counties, Alabama, United States, southwest of Bessemer and the geographic terminus of the Appalachian Mountains.
McWane, Inc. is one of the world's largest manufacturers of iron water works and plumbing products and one of America's largest privately owned companies.
The McWane Science Center (formerly known as the McWane Center) is a science museum and research archive located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama (United States).
Megabus, branded as megabus.com, is an intercity bus service of Coach USA/Coach Canada and DATTCO (a non Stagecoach company, under contract) providing discount travel services since 2006, operating throughout the eastern, southern, midwestern, and western United States and in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Meridian is the sixth largest city in the state of Mississippi, United States.
The Metropolitan City of Naples (Italian: Città metropolitana di Napoli) is an Italian Metropolitan City in Campania region, established on January 1, 2015.
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area.
Michael Jeffrey Jordan (born February 17, 1963), also known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player.
The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").
Miles College is a historically black college founded in 1898.
Miles Law School is a law school located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Mixed-use development is a type of urban development that blends residential, commercial, cultural, institutional, or entertainment uses, where those functions are physically and functionally integrated, and that provides pedestrian connections.
The Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (often shortened to the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).
Montevallo is a city in Shelby County, Alabama, United States.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
Moody is a city in St. Clair County, Alabama, United States.
Mountain Brook High School (MBHS) is a three-year public high school in the Birmingham, Alabama, suburb of Mountain Brook.
Mountain Brook is a town in southeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, United States and an upper middle class suburb of Birmingham.
Multiracial Americans are Americans who have mixed ancestry of "two or more races".
Murderball is a 2005 American documentary film about athletes who are physically disabled who play wheelchair rugby.
MyNetworkTV (unofficially abbreviated as MyTV, MyNet, MNT or MNTV), is an American television network/syndication service that is owned by the Fox Entertainment Group division of 21st Century Fox, operated by its Fox Television Stations division, and distributed through the syndication structure of 20th Television.
National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is an American auto racing sanctioning and operating company that is best known for stock-car racing.
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County.
The National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc. (or simply National Baptist Convention) is the largest predominantly African-American Christian denomination in the United States.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Native Hawaiians (Hawaiian: kānaka ʻōiwi, kānaka maoli, and Hawaiʻi maoli) are the aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
A neighborhood association (NA) is a group of residents or property owners who advocate for or organize activities within a neighborhood.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
Newsies The Musical is a musical based on the 1992 film Newsies, which in turn was inspired by the real-life Newsboys Strike of 1899 in New York City.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
The World League of American Football (shortened to WLAF or World LeagueThe abbreviation "World League" was often used in /// in 1991 and 1992, but "World League of American Football" was often used on TV and posters), later renamed the NFL Europe League (NFL Europe for short) and then NFL Europa, was a professional American football league which operated between 1991 and 2007.
NOAA Weather Radio (NWR; also known as NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards) is an automated 24-hour network of VHF FM weather radio stations in the United States that broadcast weather information directly from a nearby National Weather Service office.
The Norfolk Southern Railway is a Class I railroad in the United States.
The Northeastern United States, also referred to as the American Northeast or simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States.
Nucor Corporation is a producer of steel and related products headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.
O'Neal Steel, Inc., based in Birmingham, Alabama, United States, is the nation's largest privately owned full-line metals service center.
Oak Mountain Amphitheatre, formerly known as the Verizon Wireless Music Center, is an outdoor amphitheater, owned by Live Nation, located in Pelham, Alabama, USA, a few miles south of Birmingham.
Oak Mountain State Park is a publicly owned recreation area located approximately south of Birmingham in the northeast quadrant of the city of Pelham, Alabama, United States.
The Olmsted Brothers company was an influential landscape architectural firm in the United States, established in 1898 by brothers John Charles Olmsted (1852–1920) and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. (1870–1957), sons of the eminent landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted.
One man, one vote (or one person, one vote) is a slogan used by advocates of political equality through various electoral reforms such as universal suffrage, proportional representation, or the elimination of plurality voting, malapportionment, or gerrymandering.
Oneonta is a city in Blount County, Alabama, United States.
The Orthodox Church in America (OCA) is an Eastern Orthodox Church, partly recognized as autocephalous, in North America.
Pacific Islanders or Pasifikas are the peoples of the Pacific Islands.
Pacific Islands Americans, also known as Oceanian Americans, Pacific Islander Americans, or Native Hawaiian and/or other Pacific Islander Americans, are Americans who have ethnic ancestry among the indigenous peoples of Oceania (viz. Polynesians, Melanesians and Micronesians).
"Paint Me a Birmingham" is a song written by Buck Moore and Gary Duffy.
The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that triggered a depression in Europe and North America that lasted from 1873 until 1879, and even longer in some countries (France and Britain).
The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.
Paratransit is recognized in North America as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public transit agencies.
Paul Alan Finebaum is an American sports author, television and radio personality, and former columnist.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Pelham Civic Complex is a 5,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Pelham, Alabama.
Pelham is a city in Shelby County, Alabama, United States.
PepsiCo, Inc. is an American multinational food, snack, and beverage corporation headquartered in Purchase, New York.
The PGA Tour (stylized in all capital letters as PGA TOUR by its officials) is the organizer of the main professional golf tours played primarily by men in the United States and North America.
PGA Tour Champions (formerly the Senior PGA Tour and the Champions Tour) is a men's professional senior golf tour, administered as a branch of the PGA Tour.
Pinson is a city in Jefferson County near Birmingham, Alabama, United States, northwest of Center Point.
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County.
Pleasant Grove is a city in western Jefferson County, Alabama.
Plzeň, also called Pilsen in English and German, is a city in western Bohemia in the Czech Republic.
Plzeň Region (Plzeňský kraj; Pilsner Region) is an administrative unit (kraj) in the western part of Bohemia in the Czech Republic.
Pomigliano d'Arco is a municipality in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, located north of Mount Vesuvius.
Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.
The Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) is the second largest Presbyterian church body (second to Presbyterian Church (USA)) and the largest conservative Reformed denomination in the United States.
ProAssurance Corporation, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a property and casualty company that sells professional liability insurance to doctors.
Protective Life Corporation is a financial service holding company in Birmingham, Alabama.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States.
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin (the only categories for ethnicity).
Racial segregation in the United States, as a general term, includes the segregation or separation of access to facilities, services, and opportunities such as housing, medical care, education, employment, and transportation along racial lines.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Railroad Park is a 19-acre park in Birmingham, Alabama, that opened in the fall of 2010.
Ram Jam was an American rock band formed in New York City in 1977, predominantly known for their hit single "Black Betty" in 1977.
Randall Woodfin (born May 29, 1981) is an American lawyer and politician who is the 30th and current mayor of Birmingham, Alabama, after winning the October 3, 2017, runoff against incumbent William A. Bell.
Randall Stuart Newman (born November 28, 1943) is an American singer-songwriter, arranger, composer, and pianist who is known for his distinctive voice, mordant (and often satirical) pop songs, and for film scores.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
Red Mountain is a long ridge running southwest-northeast and dividing Jones Valley from Shades Valley south of Birmingham, Alabama.
Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States.
The Regions Center (formerly the AmSouth Center, before that the AmSouth-Sonat Tower, and originally the First National-Southern Natural Building) is a 390 foot (119 meter) tall, 30 story office tower located at the northwest corner of 20th Street and 5th Avenue North in Birmingham, Alabama USA.
The Regions Charity Classic, formerly known as the Bruno's Memorial Classic, was an American golf tournament on the Champions Tour.
Regions Field is the name of a minor league baseball park in the Southside community of Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
Regions Financial Corporation is a bank and financial services company headquartered in the Regions Center in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Regions-Harbert Plaza is a 32-story, office building located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Reynolds v. Sims, was a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that unlike in the election of the United States Senate, in the election of any chamber of a state legislature the electoral districts must be roughly equal in population (thus negating the traditional function of a State Senate, which was to allow rural counties to counterbalance large towns and cities).
The Rhein Fire was a professional American football team in NFL Europe, formerly the World League of American Football.
Richard Arrington Jr. (born October 19, 1934 in Livingston, Alabama) was the first African American mayor of the city of Birmingham, Alabama (U.S.), serving 20 years, from 1979 to 1999.
Rick Burgess and Bill "Bubba" Bussey are cohorts of The Rick and Bubba Show — a syndicated comedic radio program based in Birmingham, Alabama.
Rickwood Field, located in Birmingham, Alabama, is the oldest professional baseball park in the United States.
The Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, also called the Ridge and Valley Province or the Valley and Ridge Appalachians, are a physiographic province of the larger Appalachian division and are also a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from southeastern New York through northwestern New Jersey, westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama.
William Roger Clemens (born August 4, 1962), nicknamed "Rocket", is an American former baseball pitcher who played 24 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for four teams.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Birmingham in Alabama is a particular church of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church that encompasses the northern 39 counties of the U.S. state of Alabama.
Rosh HaAyin (רֹאשׁ הָעַיִן, lit. Fountainhead; روش هاعين) is a city in the Central District of Israel.
Ruffner Mountain Nature Preserve is a 1,040 acre nature preserve located in the eastern portion of Jefferson County, Alabama in the City of Birmingham's historic South East Lake neighborhood.
The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
Saint Rose Academy, located in Birmingham, Alabama atop Red Mountain, is a private, co-educational Catholic elementary school run by the Dominican Sisters of St. Cecilia.
A sales tax is a tax paid to a governing body for the sales of certain goods and services.
The Samford Bulldogs are the 17 varsity teams (8 men's and 9 women's), recording championships from men's and women's track, men's and women's basketball, softball, baseball, soccer, volleyball, football, and men's and women's tennis that represent Samford University.
Samford University is a private, coeducational, Christian university located in Homewood, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham.
Sand Mountain is a sandstone plateau in northeastern Alabama and (to a far lesser extent) northwestern Georgia.
Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California.
The SEC Championship Game (officially SEC Championship on CBS presented by Dr Pepper for broadcast and sponsorship purposes) is an annual American football game that has determined the Southeastern Conference's season champion since 1992.
The second city of the United Kingdom is an unofficial claim made at various times by several cities since the establishment of the UK in 1707.
Shades Mountain is a cuesta in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States.
Shelby County Schools is the school district of Shelby County, Alabama.
Shelby County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.
The Sheraton Birmingham is Alabama's largest convention hotel, featuring 757 rooms and suites adjacent to the Birmingham Jefferson Convention Complex (BJCC) in downtown Birmingham, Alabama (United States).
Sheryl Suzanne Crow (born February 11, 1962) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, and actress.
Shovels & Rope are an American folk duo from Charleston, South Carolina composed of husband and wife Michael Trent and Cary Ann Hearst.
The Sidewalk Film Festival is an annual film festival scheduled over one weekend in late August in Birmingham, Alabama, since 1999.
Sloss Furnaces is a National Historic Landmark in Birmingham, Alabama in the United States.
The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits.
Soul of the Game (also known as Field of Honour) is a 1996 television film about Negro league baseball.
South Central Bell Telephone Company, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, was the name of the Bell System's operations in Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
The Southeastern Conference (SEC) is an American college athletic conference whose member institutions are located primarily in the Southern part of the United States.
The Southeastern United States (Sureste de Estados Unidos, Sud-Est des États-Unis) is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States.
The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a Christian denomination based in the United States.
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) is an African-American civil rights organization.
Southern Company is an American gas and electric utility holding company based in the southern United States.
Southern Heritage Festival was a two-day music, arts, and culture festival dedicated to the African American population of Birmingham, Alabama.
The Southern League is a Minor League Baseball league that operates in the Southern United States.
The Southern Museum of Flight is a civilian aviation museum Birmingham, Alabama USA.
The Southern Professional Hockey League (SPHL) is a professional ice hockey league based in Huntersville, North Carolina, with teams located primarily in the southeastern United States as well as Illinois and Indiana in the midwestern United States.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
The historic Southside community is situated on the hilly and forested slopes of Red Mountain just south of Birmingham, Alabama's central business district.
SouthTrust Corporation was a banking company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama.
Southwest Airlines Co. is a major United States airline headquartered in Dallas, Texas, and the world’s largest low-cost carrier.
The Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) is a collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, which is made up of historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) in the Southern United States.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl.
SummitMedia, LLC is an American radio broadcasting company based in Birmingham, Alabama.
Superbike racing is a category of motorcycle racing that employs highly modified production motorcycles, as opposed to MotoGP in which purpose-built motorcycles are used.
Superior Bancorp, and its principal subsidiary Superior Bank, was a southeastern community thrift with approximately $3.2 billion in assets in 2010.
Surgical Care Affiliates, Inc.
The SWAC Championship Game is an American college football game that was held on the first Saturday in December by the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC) each year to determine its football champion.
"Sweet Home Alabama" is a song by Southern rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd that first appeared in 1974 on their second album, Second Helping.
The city of Székesfehérvár, known colloquially as Fehérvár ("white castle") (located in central Hungary, is the ninth largest city of the country; regional capital of Central Transdanubia; and the centre of Fejér county and Székesfehérvár District. The area is an important rail and road junction between Lake Balaton and Lake Velence. Székesfehérvár, a royal residence (székhely), as capital of the Kingdom of Hungary, held a central role in the Middle Ages. As required by the Doctrine of the Holy Crown, the first kings of Hungary were crowned and buried here. Significant trade routes led to the Balkans and Italy, and to Buda and Vienna. Historically the city has come under Turkish, German and Russian control and the city is known by translations of "white castle" in these languages: (Stuhlweißenburg; Столни Београд; İstolni Belgrad).
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Talladega Superspeedway, formerly named Alabama International Motor Speedway (AIMS), is a motorsports complex located north of Talladega, Alabama.
The Tannehill Ironworks is the central feature of Tannehill Ironworks Historical State Park near the unincorporated town of McCalla in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama.
The Taste of 4th Avenue Jazz Festival is a one-day jazz festival which has been presented annually since 2003 in Birmingham's Historic 4th Avenue District downtown.
The Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Company (1852–1952), also known as TCI and the Tennessee Company, was a major American steel manufacturer with interests in coal and iron ore mining and railroad operations.
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) is a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter on May 18, 1933, to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development to the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly affected by the Great Depression.
The Birmingham News is the principal newspaper for Birmingham, Alabama, United States, and the largest newspaper in Alabama.
The Carolinas are the U.S. states of North Carolina and South Carolina, considered collectively.
The CW Television Network (commonly referred to as just The CW) is an American English-language broadcast television network that is operated by the CW Network, LLC, a limited liability joint venture between CBS Corporation, the former owners of United Paramount Network (UPN), and Warner Bros. Entertainment, former majority owner of The WB.
The First 48 is an American documentary television series on A&E.
The North Jefferson News is a newspaper based in Gardendale, Alabama.
The Summit, which opened in October 1997, is a 1 million square foot (93,000 m²) upscale lifestyle center located at the intersection of U.S. Highway 280 and Interstate 459 in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
The Tradition (known as the Regions Tradition for sponsorship reasons) is an event on the PGA Tour Champions tour.
The Thomas Jefferson Tower is a 19-story building, completed in 1929 as the 350-room Thomas Jefferson Hotel, at 1623 2nd Avenue North on the western side of downtown Birmingham, Alabama.
Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos, August 22, 1963) is an American singer-songwriter, pianist, and composer.
Tornado Alley is a colloquial term for the area of the United States (or by some definitions extending into Canada) where tornadoes are most frequent.
The April 6–9, 1998 tornado outbreak was a large tornado outbreak that started on April 6 across the Great Plains and ended on April 9 across the Carolinas and Georgia.
A tourist trolley, also called a road trolley, is a rubber-tired bus designed to resemble an old-style streetcar or tram.
Tracy Lee Lawrence (born January 27, 1968) is an American country music artist.
A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
A trauma center (or trauma centre) is a hospital equipped and staffed to provide care for patients suffering from major traumatic injuries such as falls, motor vehicle collisions, or gunshot wounds.
Trussville is a city in Jefferson and St. Clair counties in the State of Alabama.
Tufts University is a private research university incorporated in the municipality of Medford, Massachusetts, United States.
U.S. Route 280 is a spur of U.S. Highway 80.
U.S. Route 31 or U.S. Highway 31 (US 31) is a major north–south highway connecting southern Alabama to northern Michigan.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
United States Steel Corporation, more commonly known as U.S. Steel, is an American integrated steel producer headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with production operations in the United States, Canada, and Central Europe.
The UAB Blazers are the varsity intercollegiate athletic programs of the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
UAB Hospital is a Level I trauma center hospital located in Birmingham, Alabama.
The University of Alabama School of Dentistry is the public dental school located at the University of Alabama at Birmingham in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a liberal religion characterized by a "free and responsible search for truth and meaning".
United Express is the brand name for the regional branch of United Airlines, under which nine individually owned regional airlines operate short- and medium-haul feeder flights.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a mainline Protestant denomination and a major part of Methodism.
The United Soccer League (USL), formerly known as USL Pro, is a professional men's soccer league in the United States and Canada that began its inaugural season in 2011.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Football League (USFL) was an American football league that played for three seasons, 1983 through 1985.
The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.
The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) is a public research university in Birmingham in the U.S. state of Alabama.
The University of Alabama School of Medicine at UAB is a public medical school located in Birmingham, Alabama with branch campuses in Huntsville, Montgomery, and at the University of Alabama College of Community Health Sciences in Tuscaloosa.
The University of Alabama System coordinates and oversees the University of Alabama's three doctoral research institutions.
The University of Montevallo is a four-year public university located in Montevallo, Alabama, United States.
The University of Virginia Press (or UVaP) is a university press that is part of the University of Virginia.
Urban Design Associates (UDA; formerly known as UDA Architects) is an international urban design and architecture firm headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in the United Kingdom, urban renewal or urban redevelopment in the United States) is a program of land redevelopment in cities, often where there is urban decay.
Vestavia Hills High School. Vestavia Hills High School (VHHS), founded in 1970, is a public high school in Vestavia Hills, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham, Alabama, USA.
Vestavia Hills is a city in Jefferson and Shelby counties in the U.S. state of Alabama.
Vinnytsia (Vinnycja,; translit, Vinnica; Winnica; Winniza, and Vinița) is a city in west-central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Southern Bug.
Virginia College is a private for-profit college, located primarily in the southeastern United States.
Vulcan Materials Company, is an American company based in Birmingham, Alabama.
The Vulcan statue is the largest cast iron statue in the world, and is the city symbol of Birmingham, Alabama, reflecting its roots in the iron and steel industry.
WABM, virtual channel 68 (UHF digital channel 36), is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Wachovia (former NYSE ticker symbol WB) was a diversified financial services company based in Charlotte, North Carolina.
WBMA-LD, virtual channel 58 (UHF digital channel 40), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
WBRC, virtual channel 6 (UHF digital channel 50), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
Wells Fargo & Company is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in San Francisco, California, with central offices throughout the country.
The Wells Fargo Tower is a 34-story, 454 foot (138 meter) tall office building located in Birmingham, Alabama.
Westin Hotels & Resorts is an American upscale hotel chain owned by Marriott International.
Wheelchair rugby (originally murderball, and known as quad rugby in the United States) is a team sport for athletes with a disability.
White Americans are Americans who are descendants from any of the white racial groups of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, or in census statistics, those who self-report as white based on having majority-white ancestry.
White flight is a term that originated in the United States, starting in the 1950s and 1960s, and applied to the large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.
WIAT, virtual channel 42 (UHF digital channel 30), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
William A. Bell Sr. (born June 1, 1949) is an American politician who served as the 28th mayor of Birmingham, Alabama, from 2010 to 2017.
Winneba, is a town and the capital of Effutu Municipal District in Central Region of South Ghana.
WJOX-FM (94.5 FM) is a radio station licensed to Birmingham.
The Works Progress Administration (WPA; renamed in 1939 as the Work Projects Administration) was the largest and most ambitious American New Deal agency, employing millions of people (mostly unskilled men) to carry out public works projects, including the construction of public buildings and roads.
The World Football League (WFL) was a short-lived American football league that played in 1974 and part of 1975.
The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that are not contested in the Olympic Games.
WPXH-TV, virtual channel 44 (UHF digital channel 45), is an Ion Television owned-and-operated television station serving Birmingham, Alabama, United States that is licensed to Gadsden.
WTTO, virtual channel 21 (UHF digital channel 28), is a CW-affiliated television station serving Birmingham, Alabama, United States that is licensed to the suburb of Homewood.
WVTM-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
WZZK-FM (104.7 FM) is a country music formatted radio station licensed to Birmingham that serves northern and central Alabama.
X-League Indoor Football (X-League) was a professional indoor football league that began play in 2014.
The XFL was a professional American football league that played its only season in 2001.
Zoës Kitchen is a fast casual restaurant chain headquartered in Plano, Texas, United States.
The 1000Bulbs.com 500 is a Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series stock car race held at Talladega Superspeedway in Lincoln, Alabama.
The 16th Street Baptist Church is a Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama, that is frequented predominantly by African Americans.
The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing was an act of white supremacist terrorism which occurred at the African American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the Ku Klux Klan planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite attached to a timing device beneath the steps located on the east side of the church.
The 1916 Irondale earthquake struck in the north–central region of the U.S. state of Alabama on October 18.
The 1993 Storm of the Century (also known as the 93 Superstorm, The No Name Storm, or the Great Blizzard of 1993) was a large cyclonic storm that formed over the Gulf of Mexico on March 12, 1993.
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census.
The 2003 Alabama earthquake took place on April 29 at 3:59 A.M. Central Daylight Time (local time when the event occurred) eight miles (13 km) east-northeast of Fort Payne, Alabama.
The 2010 United States Census (commonly referred to as the 2010 Census) is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census.
The 2011 Super Outbreak was the largest, costliest, and one of the deadliest tornado outbreaks ever recorded, affecting the Southern, Midwestern, and Northeastern United States and leaving catastrophic destruction in its wake.
The 2011 Tuscaloosa–Birmingham tornado was a large and violent EF4 multiple-vortex tornado that devastated portions of Tuscaloosa and Birmingham, Alabama, as well as smaller communities and rural areas between the two cities, during the late afternoon and early evening of Wednesday, April 27, 2011.
The 2021 World Games will be the eleventh World Games, a major international multi-sport event, meant for sports, or disciplines or events within a sport, that were not contested in the Olympic Games.
42 is a 2013 American biographical sports film written and directed by Brian Helgeland about the racial integration of American professional baseball by player Jackie Robinson, who wore jersey number 42 through his Major League career.
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