52 relations: Alpha compositing, Binary image, Bit, Bit array, Bitmap index, Black and white, BMP file format, Byte, Color, Color depth, Color management, Computer data storage, Computer graphics, Computer programming, Computing, Data structure alignment, DEFLATE, Digital image, Filename extension, GIF, Glossary of computer graphics, Graphical user interface, Graphics Device Interface, Grayscale, ILBM, Image compression, Image file formats, Indexed color, JPEG, Lempel–Ziv–Welch, Lossy compression, LZ77 and LZ78, Metadata, Microsoft Windows, Netpbm format, OS/2, Palette (computing), Pixel, Portable Network Graphics, Raster graphics, Raster scan, Rasterisation, Raw image format, TIFF, Transparency (graphic), Vector graphics, Voxel, Wireless Application Protocol Bitmap Format, Word (computer architecture), X BitMap, ..., X PixMap, X Window System. Expand index (2 more) » « Shrink index
In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.
A binary image is a digital image that has only two possible values for each pixel.
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
A bit array (also known as bit map, bit set, bit string, or bit vector) is an array data structure that compactly stores bits.
A bitmap index is a special kind of database index that uses bitmaps.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.
The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.
Color (American English) or colour (Commonwealth English) is the characteristic of human visual perception described through color categories, with names such as red, orange, yellow, green, blue, or purple.
Color depth or colour depth (see spelling differences), also known as bit depth, is either the number of bits used to indicate the color of a single pixel, in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer, or the number of bits used for each color component of a single pixel.
In digital imaging systems, color management is the controlled conversion between the color representations of various devices, such as image scanners, digital cameras, monitors, TV screens, film printers, computer printers, offset presses, and corresponding media.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.
Computer programming is the process of building and designing an executable computer program for accomplishing a specific computing task.
Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.
Data structure alignment refers to the way data is arranged and accessed in computer memory.
In computing, Deflate is a lossless data compression algorithm and associated file format that uses a combination of the LZ77 algorithm and Huffman coding.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
This is a glossary of terms relating computer graphics.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The Graphics Device Interface (GDI) is a Microsoft Windows application programming interface and core operating system component responsible for representing graphical objects and transmitting them to output devices such as monitors and printers.
In photography, computing, and colorimetry, a grayscale or greyscale image is one in which the value of each pixel is a single sample representing only an amount of light, that is, it carries only intensity information.
Interleaved Bitmap (ILBM) is an image file format conforming to the Interchange File Format (IFF) standard.
Image compression is a type of data compression applied to digital images, to reduce their cost for storage or transmission.
Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.
In computing, indexed color is a technique to manage digital images' colors in a limited fashion, in order to save computer memory and file storage, while speeding up display refresh and file transfers.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
Lempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) is a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv, and Terry Welch.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
LZ77 and LZ78 are the two lossless data compression algorithms published in papers by Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv in 1977 and 1978.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
A Netpbm format is any graphics format used and defined by the Netpbm project.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
In computer graphics, a palette is a finite set of colors.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
A raster scan, or raster scanning, is the rectangular pattern of image capture and reconstruction in television.
Rasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image (pixels or dots) for output on a video display or printer, or for storage in a bitmap file format.
A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner.
Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.
Transparency is possible in a number of graphics file formats.
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space.
Wireless Application Protocol Bitmap Format (shortened to Wireless Bitmap and with file extension.wbmp) is a monochrome graphics file format optimized for mobile computing devices.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
In computer graphics, the X Window System used X BitMap (XBM), a plain text binary image format, for storing cursor and icon bitmaps used in the X GUI.
X PixMap (XPM) is an image file format used by the X Window System, created in 1989 by Daniel Dardailler and Colas Nahaboo working at Bull Research Center at Sophia Antipolis, France, and later enhanced by Arnaud Le Hors.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.