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Black Hills

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The Black Hills (Ȟe Sápa; Moʼȯhta-voʼhonáaeva; awaxaawi shiibisha) are a small and isolated mountain range rising from the Great Plains of North America in western South Dakota and extending into Wyoming, United States. [1]

172 relations: American bison, American dipper, American Indian Wars, American marten, American red squirrel, American three-toed woodpecker, Arapaho, Arikara, Axis mundi, BBC News Online, Bear Butte, Bear Lodge Mountains, Belle Fourche, South Dakota, Bighorn sheep, Black Elk Peak, Black Hills Central Railroad, Black Hills Expedition, Black Hills gold jewelry, Black Hills Gold Rush, Black Hills National Forest, Black Hills State University, Black-backed woodpecker, Cave, Cement, Cenozoic, Central City, South Dakota, Cercocarpus, Chalk, Cheyenne, Clovis culture, Cougar, Crazy Horse Memorial, Crook County, Wyoming, Crow Nation, Cuesta, Custer County, South Dakota, Custer State Park, Custer, South Dakota, Cypress Hills (Canada), Dakota Territory, Deadwood Formation, Deadwood, South Dakota, Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Deer, Devils Tower, Dome (geology), Edgemont, South Dakota, Elk Mountains (South Dakota), Ellsworth Air Force Base, Endemism, ..., Fossil, Fox squirrel, François de La Vérendrye, French Creek (Cheyenne River), Geology, George Armstrong Custer, George S. Mickelson Trail, Gneiss, Gold, Gold rush, Granite, Gravel, Great Plains, Great Sioux Reservation, Great Sioux War of 1876, Grey jay, Gypsum, Hill City, South Dakota, Hogback (geology), Homestake Mine (South Dakota), Hospitality industry, Hot Springs, South Dakota, Igneous rock, Indian reservation, Inyan Kara Mountain, Irwindale, California, James Anaya, Jewel Cave National Monument, Juniperus scopulorum, Keystone, South Dakota, Kiowa, Lakota language, Lakota people, Laramide orogeny, Lawrence County, South Dakota, Lead, South Dakota, Limestone, Logging, Louis-Joseph Gaultier de La Vérendrye, Magma, Mammoth, Mammoth Site, Hot Springs, Meade County, South Dakota, Medieval Warm Period, Mesozoic, Metamorphic rock, Mining, Minnesota, Montana, Morrison Formation, Mount Rushmore, Mountain range, National Park Service, Native Americans in the United States, Nebraska, Needles (Black Hills), Newcastle, Wyoming, Newton–Jenney Party, North America, Northern flying squirrel, Paleozoic, Pawnee people, PBS, Pediment (geology), Pegmatite, Pennington County, South Dakota, Pierre-Jean De Smet, Pinus ponderosa, Pinyon jay, Prairie dog, Precambrian, Presidency of Barack Obama, Pronghorn, Radiometric dating, Rapid City, South Dakota, Ratite, Ruffed grouse, Sandstone, Sanford Underground Research Facility, Savanna, Sedimentary rock, Shale, Shark tooth, Sioux, South Dakota, Southern red-backed vole, Spearfish Canyon, Spearfish Formation, Spearfish, South Dakota, Storeria occipitomaculata, Stratigraphy, Stratum, Strike and dip, Sturgis Motorcycle Rally, Sturgis, South Dakota, Sundance Formation, Supreme Court of the United States, Tectonic uplift, Terrane, Tertiary, The Guardian, Thoen Stone, Topography, Tourism, Trans-Hudson orogeny, Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868), Unconformity, United Nations, United Nations special rapporteur, United States, United States Forest Service, United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians, Valentine McGillycuddy, Volcano, Weston County, Wyoming, White spruce, White-winged junco, Wind Cave National Park, Wyoming, Yellow-bellied marmot, 7th Cavalry Regiment. Expand index (122 more) »

American bison

The American bison or simply bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the American buffalo or simply buffalo, is a North American species of bison that once roamed the grasslands of North America in massive herds.

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American dipper

The American dipper (Cinclus mexicanus), also known as a water ouzel, is a stocky dark grey bird with a head sometimes tinged with brown, and white feathers on the eyelids that cause the eyes to flash white as the bird blinks.

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American Indian Wars

The American Indian Wars (or Indian Wars) is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists, and later the United States government and American settlers, against various American Indian tribes.

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American marten

The American marten or American pine marten (Martes americana) is a North American member of the family Mustelidae, sometimes referred to as the pine marten.

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American red squirrel

The American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) is one of three species of tree squirrels currently classified in the genus Tamiasciurus, known as the pine squirrels (the others are the Douglas squirrel, T. douglasii, and Mearns's squirrel, T. mearnsi).

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American three-toed woodpecker

The American three-toed woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis) is a medium-sized woodpecker (family Picidae).

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Arapaho

The Arapaho (in French: Arapahos, Gens de Vache) are a tribe of Native Americans historically living on the plains of Colorado and Wyoming.

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Arikara

Arikara, also known as Sahnish, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation. (Retrieved Sep 29, 2011) Arikaree or Ree, are a tribe of Native Americans in North Dakota.

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Axis mundi

The axis mundi (also cosmic axis, world axis, world pillar, center of the world, world tree), in certain beliefs and philosophies, is the world center, or the connection between Heaven and Earth.

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BBC News Online

BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.

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Bear Butte

Bear Butte is a geological laccolith feature located near Sturgis, South Dakota, United States, that was established as a State Park in 1961.

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Bear Lodge Mountains

The Bear Lodge Mountains (Mato Tipila) are a small mountain range in Crook County, Wyoming.

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Belle Fourche, South Dakota

Belle Fourche is a city in and the county seat of Butte County, South Dakota, United States.

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Bighorn sheep

The bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) is a species of sheep native to North America named for its large horns.

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Black Elk Peak

Black Elk Peak (formerly Harney Peak) is the highest natural point in South Dakota, United States.

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Black Hills Central Railroad

The Black Hills Central Railroad is a heritage railroad that operates in South Dakota, United States.

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Black Hills Expedition

The Black Hills Expedition was a United States Army expedition in 1874 led by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer that set out on July 2, 1874 from modern day Bismarck, North Dakota, which was then Fort Abraham Lincoln in the Dakota Territory, with orders to travel to the previously uncharted Black Hills of South Dakota.

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Black Hills gold jewelry

Black Hills gold jewelry is a type of jewelry manufactured in the Black Hills of South Dakota.

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Black Hills Gold Rush

The Black Hills Gold Rush took place in Dakota Territory in the United States.

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Black Hills National Forest

Black Hills National Forest is located in southwestern South Dakota and northeastern Wyoming, United States.

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Black Hills State University

Black Hills State University (BHSU) is a public university in Spearfish, South Dakota.

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Black-backed woodpecker

The black-backed woodpecker (Picoides arcticus) also known as the Arctic three-toed woodpecker is a medium-sized woodpecker (long) inhabiting the forests of North America.

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Cave

A cave is a hollow place in the ground, specifically a natural space large enough for a human to enter.

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Cement

A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.

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Cenozoic

The Cenozoic Era meaning "new life", is the current and most recent of the three Phanerozoic geological eras, following the Mesozoic Era and, extending from 66 million years ago to the present day.

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Central City, South Dakota

Central City is a city in Lawrence County, South Dakota, United States.

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Cercocarpus

Cercocarpus, commonly known as mountain mahogany, is a small genus of five or six species of nitrogen-fixing flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae.

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Chalk

Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.

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Cheyenne

The Cheyenne are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.

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Clovis culture

The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleo-Indian culture, named for distinct stone tools found in close association with Pleistocene fauna at Blackwater Locality No. 1 near Clovis, New Mexico, in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Cougar

The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas.

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Crazy Horse Memorial

The Crazy Horse Memorial is a mountain monument under construction on privately held land in the Black Hills, in Custer County, South Dakota, United States.

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Crook County, Wyoming

Crook County is a county located in the northeastern section of the U.S. state of Wyoming.

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Crow Nation

The Crow, called the Apsáalooke in their own Siouan language, or variants including the Absaroka, are Native Americans, who in historical times lived in the Yellowstone River valley, which extends from present-day Wyoming, through Montana and into North Dakota, where it joins the Missouri River.

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Cuesta

A cuesta is a hill or ridge with a gentle slope on one side, and a steep slope on the other.

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Custer County, South Dakota

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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Custer State Park

Custer State Park is a South Dakota State Park and wildlife reserve in the Black Hills, United States.

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Custer, South Dakota

Custer is a city in Custer County, South Dakota, United States.

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Cypress Hills (Canada)

The Cypress Hills are a geographical region of hills in southwestern Saskatchewan and southeastern Alberta, Canada.

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Dakota Territory

The Territory of Dakota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North and South Dakota.

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Deadwood Formation

The Deadwood Formation is a geologic formation of the Williston Basin and Western Canada Sedimentary Basin.

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Deadwood, South Dakota

Deadwood (Lakota: Owáyasuta; "To approve or confirm things") is a city in South Dakota, United States, and the county seat of Lawrence County.

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Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) was adopted by the General Assembly on Thursday, 13 September 2007, by a majority of 144 states in favour, 4 votes against (Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States) and 11 abstentions (Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burundi, Colombia, Georgia, Kenya, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Samoa and Ukraine).

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Deer

Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.

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Devils Tower

Devils Tower (also Bear Lodge Butte) is a laccolithic butte composed of igneous rock in the Bear Lodge Mountains (part of the Black Hills) near Hulett and Sundance in Crook County, northeastern Wyoming, above the Belle Fourche River.

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Dome (geology)

A dome is a feature in structural geology consisting of symmetrical anticlines that intersect each other at their respective apices.

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Edgemont, South Dakota

Edgemont is a city in Fall River County, South Dakota, United States.

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Elk Mountains (South Dakota)

The Elk Mountains are a small range of mountains in western South Dakota, forming the southwest portion of the Black Hills as part of its west-dipping monocline.

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Ellsworth Air Force Base

Ellsworth Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force base located about northeast of Rapid City, South Dakota, just north of the town of Box Elder.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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Fossil

A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.

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Fox squirrel

The fox squirrel (Sciurus niger), also known as the eastern fox squirrel or Bryant's fox squirrel, is the largest species of tree squirrel native to North America.

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François de La Vérendrye

François de La Vérendrye (1715 – July 31, 1794) was a Canadian explorer He was the third son of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye.

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French Creek (Cheyenne River)

French Creek is an intermittent stream located in the Black Hills region of western South Dakota, United States.

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Geology

Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.

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George Armstrong Custer

George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 – June 25, 1876) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.

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George S. Mickelson Trail

The George S. Mickelson Trail is a rail trail in the Black Hills region of South Dakota.

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Gneiss

Gneiss is a common distributed type of rock formed by high-grade regional metamorphic processes from pre-existing formations that were originally either igneous or sedimentary rocks.

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Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Gold rush

A gold rush is a new discovery of gold—sometimes accompanied by other precious metals and rare earth minerals—that brings an onrush of miners seeking their fortune.

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Granite

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.

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Gravel

Gravel is a loose aggregation of rock fragments.

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Great Plains

The Great Plains (sometimes simply "the Plains") is the broad expanse of flat land (a plain), much of it covered in prairie, steppe, and grassland, that lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. and Canada.

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Great Sioux Reservation

The Great Sioux Reservation was the original area encompassing what are today the various Sioux Indian reservations in South Dakota and Nebraska.

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Great Sioux War of 1876

The Great Sioux War of 1876, also known as the Black Hills War, was a series of battles and negotiations which occurred in 1876 and 1877 between the Lakota Sioux, Northern Cheyenne, and the government of the United States.

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Grey jay

The grey jay (Perisoreus canadensis), also gray jay, Canada jay, or whisky jack, is a passerine bird of the family Corvidae.

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Gypsum

Gypsum is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O.

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Hill City, South Dakota

Hill City is the oldest existing city in Pennington County, South Dakota, United States.

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Hogback (geology)

In geology and geomorphology, a hogback (or hog's back) is a long narrow ridge or series of hills with a narrow crest and steep slopes of nearly equal inclination on both flanks.

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Homestake Mine (South Dakota)

The Homestake Mine was a deep underground gold mine located in Lead, South Dakota.

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Hospitality industry

The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry.

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Hot Springs, South Dakota

Hot Springs (Lakota: mni kȟáta; "hot water") is a city in and the county seat of Fall River County, South Dakota, United States.

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Igneous rock

Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.

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Indian reservation

An Indian reservation is a legal designation for an area of land managed by a federally recognized Native American tribe under the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs rather than the state governments of the United States in which they are physically located.

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Inyan Kara Mountain

Inyan Kara Mountain (Íŋyaŋ Káǧa, Rock Gatherer) is a mountain associated with the Bear Lodge Mountains of Crook County, Wyoming (part of the Black Hills) that is considered sacred by the Lakota people, particularly for mothers in childbirth.

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Irwindale, California

Irwindale is a city in the San Gabriel Valley, in Los Angeles County, California.

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James Anaya

Stephen James Anaya is an American lawyer and the 16th Dean of the University of Colorado Boulder Law School.

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Jewel Cave National Monument

Jewel Cave National Monument contains Jewel Cave, currently the third longest cave in the world, with of mapped passageways.

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Juniperus scopulorum

Juniperus scopulorum (Rocky Mountain juniper) is a species of juniper native to western North America, in Canada in British Columbia and southwest Alberta, in the United States from Washington east to North Dakota, south to Arizona and also locally western Texas, and northernmost Mexico from Sonora east to Coahuila.

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Keystone, South Dakota

Keystone is a town in the Black Hills region of Pennington County, South Dakota, United States.

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Kiowa

Kiowa people are a Native American tribe and an indigenous people of the Great Plains.

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Lakota language

Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.

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Lakota people

The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.

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Laramide orogeny

The Laramide orogeny was a period of mountain building in western North America, which started in the Late Cretaceous, 70 to 80 million years ago, and ended 35 to 55 million years ago.

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Lawrence County, South Dakota

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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Lead, South Dakota

Lead is a city in Lawrence County, South Dakota, United States.

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Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Logging

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.

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Louis-Joseph Gaultier de La Vérendrye

Louis-Joseph Gaultier de La Vérendrye (November 9, 1717 – November 15, 1761) was a French Canadian fur trader and explorer.

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Magma

Magma (from Ancient Greek μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites.

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Mammoth

A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.

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Mammoth Site, Hot Springs

The Mammoth Site of Hot Springs, South Dakota is a museum and paleontological site near Hot Springs, South Dakota.

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Meade County, South Dakota

Meade County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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Medieval Warm Period

The Medieval Warm Period (MWP) also known as the Medieval Climate Optimum, or Medieval Climatic Anomaly was a time of warm climate in the North Atlantic region that may have been related to other warming events in other regions during that time, including China and other areas, lasting from to.

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Mesozoic

The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.

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Metamorphic rock

Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means "change in form".

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Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Minnesota

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.

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Montana

Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States.

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Morrison Formation

The Morrison Formation is a distinctive sequence of Upper Jurassic sedimentary rock found in the western United States which has been the most fertile source of dinosaur fossils in North America.

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Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore, a batholith in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, United States.

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Mountain range

A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.

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National Park Service

The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.

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Native Americans in the United States

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.

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Nebraska

Nebraska is a state that lies in both the Great Plains and the Midwestern United States.

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Needles (Black Hills)

The Needles of the Black Hills of South Dakota are a region of eroded granite pillars, towers, and spires within Custer State Park.

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Newcastle, Wyoming

Newcastle is a city in and the county seat of Weston County, Wyoming, United States.

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Newton–Jenney Party

The Newton–Jenney Party of 1875, led by Henry Newton and Walter P. Jenney, and escorted by a military detachment led by Lieutenant Colonel Richard I. Dodge, and known also as the Jenney-Newton Party, was a scientific expedition sponsored by the United States Geological Survey to map the Black Hills of South Dakota.

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North America

North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.

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Northern flying squirrel

The northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus) is one of three species of the genus Glaucomys, the only flying squirrels found in North America.

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Paleozoic

The Paleozoic (or Palaeozoic) Era (from the Greek palaios (παλαιός), "old" and zoe (ζωή), "life", meaning "ancient life") is the earliest of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic Eon.

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Pawnee people

The Pawnee are a Plains Indian tribe who are headquartered in Pawnee, Oklahoma.

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PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Pediment (geology)

A pediment is a very gently sloping (.5°-7°) inclined bedrock surface.

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Pegmatite

A pegmatite is a holocrystalline, intrusive igneous rock composed of interlocking phaneritic crystals usually larger than 2.5 cm in size (1 in); such rocks are referred to as pegmatitic.

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Pennington County, South Dakota

Pennington County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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Pierre-Jean De Smet

Pierre-Jean De Smet (30 January 1801 – 23 May 1873), also known as Pieter-Jan De Smet, was a Belgian Catholic priest and member of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), active in missionary work among the Native American peoples of western North America in the mid-19th century, in the midwestern and northwestern United States and western Canada.

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Pinus ponderosa

Pinus ponderosa, commonly known as the ponderosa pine, bull pine, blackjack pine, or western yellow-pine, is a very large pine tree species of variable habitat native to the western United States and Canada.

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Pinyon jay

The pinyon jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus), historically known as the blue crow or Maximilian's jay, is a jay between the North American blue jay and the Eurasian jay in size.

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Prairie dog

Prairie dogs (genus Cynomys) are herbivorous burrowing rodents native to the grasslands of North America.

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Precambrian

The Precambrian (or Pre-Cambrian, sometimes abbreviated pЄ, or Cryptozoic) is the earliest part of Earth's history, set before the current Phanerozoic Eon.

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Presidency of Barack Obama

The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017.

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Pronghorn

The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is a species of artiodactyl mammal indigenous to interior western and central North America.

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Radiometric dating

Radiometric dating or radioactive dating is a technique used to date materials such as rocks or carbon, in which trace radioactive impurities were selectively incorporated when they were formed.

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Rapid City, South Dakota

Rapid City (Mni Lúzahaŋ Otȟúŋwahe; "Swift Water City") is the second most populous city in South Dakota and the county seat of Pennington County.

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Ratite

A ratite is any of a diverse group of flightless and mostly large and long-legged birds of the infraclass Palaeognathae.

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Ruffed grouse

The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests from the Appalachian Mountains across Canada to Alaska.

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Sandstone

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.

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Sanford Underground Research Facility

The Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF), formerly Sanford Underground Laboratory at Homestake (or Sanford Lab) is an underground laboratory near Lead, South Dakota.

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Savanna

A savanna or savannah is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

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Sedimentary rock

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.

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Shale

Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock composed of mud that is a mix of flakes of clay minerals and tiny fragments (silt-sized particles) of other minerals, especially quartz and calcite.

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Shark tooth

A shark tooth is one of the numerous teeth of a shark.

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Sioux

The Sioux also known as Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America.

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South Dakota

South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States.

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Southern red-backed vole

The southern red-backed vole or Gapper's red-backed vole (Myodes gapperi) is a small slender vole found in Canada and the northern United States.

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Spearfish Canyon

Spearfish Canyon is a deep but narrow gorge carved by Spearfish Creek just south of Spearfish, South Dakota, United States.

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Spearfish Formation

The Spearfish Formation is a geologic formation, originally described from the Black Hills region of South Dakota, United States, but also recognised in North Dakota, Wyoming, Montana and Nebraska.

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Spearfish, South Dakota

Spearfish (Lakota: Hočhápȟe) is a city in Lawrence County, South Dakota, United States.

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Storeria occipitomaculata

Storeria occipitomaculata, commonly known as the redbelly snake, is a species of snake endemic to North America.

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Stratigraphy

Stratigraphy is a branch of geology concerned with the study of rock layers (strata) and layering (stratification).

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Stratum

In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.

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Strike and dip

Strike and dip refer to the orientation or attitude of a geologic feature.

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Sturgis Motorcycle Rally

The Sturgis Motorcycle Rally is an American motorcycle rally held annually in Sturgis, South Dakota, for ten days usually during the first full week of August.

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Sturgis, South Dakota

Sturgis is a city in Meade County, South Dakota, United States.

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Sundance Formation

The Sundance Formation is a western North American sequence of Upper Jurassic age marine shales, sandy shales, and sandstones deposited in the Sundance Sea.

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Supreme Court of the United States

The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.

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Tectonic uplift

Tectonic uplift is the portion of the total geologic uplift of the mean Earth surface that is not attributable to an isostatic response to unloading.

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Terrane

A terrane in geology, in full a tectonostratigraphic terrane, is a fragment of crustal material formed on, or broken off from, one tectonic plate and accreted or "sutured" to crust lying on another plate.

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Tertiary

Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Thoen Stone

The Thoen Stone is a sandstone slab dated 1834 that was discovered in the Black Hills of South Dakota by Louis Thoen in 1887.

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Topography

Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Trans-Hudson orogeny

The Trans-Hudson orogeny or Trans-Hudsonian orogeny was the major mountain building event (orogeny) that formed the Precambrian Canadian Shield, the North American Craton (also called Laurentia), and the forging of the initial North American continent.

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Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)

The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) was an agreement between the United States and the Oglala, Miniconjou, and Brulé bands of Lakota people, Yanktonai Dakota and Arapaho Nation, following the failure of the first Fort Laramie treaty, signed in 1851.

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Unconformity

An unconformity is a buried erosional or non-depositional surface separating two rock masses or strata of different ages, indicating that sediment deposition was not continuous.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations special rapporteur

The titles Special Rapporteur, Independent Expert, and Working Group Member are given to individuals working on behalf of the United Nations (UN) within the scope of "special procedure" mechanisms who have a specific country or thematic mandate from the United Nations Human Rights Council.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Forest Service

The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass.

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United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs

The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs is a committee of the United States Senate charged with oversight in matters related to the Native American, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native peoples.

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United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians

United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that: 1) the enactment by Congress of a law allowing the Sioux Nation to pursue a claim against the United States that had been previously adjudicated did not violate the doctrine of separation of powers; and 2) the taking of property that was set aside for the use of the tribe required just compensation, including interest.

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Valentine McGillycuddy

Valentine Trant McGillycuddy (1849–1939) was a surgeon who served with expeditions and United States military forces in the West.

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Volcano

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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Weston County, Wyoming

Weston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wyoming.

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White spruce

White spruce is a common name for several species of spruce (Picea) and may refer to.

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White-winged junco

The white-winged junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni) is a subspecies of the dark-eyed junco.

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Wind Cave National Park

Wind Cave National Park is an American national park located north of the town of Hot Springs in Western South Dakota.

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Wyoming

Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States.

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Yellow-bellied marmot

The yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris), also known as the rock chuck, is a large, stout-bodied ground squirrel in the marmot genus.

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7th Cavalry Regiment

The 7th Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment formed in 1866.

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Redirects here:

Black Hills (S.D. and Wyo.), Black Hills of Dakota, Black Hills of South Dakota, Black Hills, South Dakota, Black hills, Moˀȯhta-voˀhonáaeva, Paha Sapa, Pahá Sápa, The Black Hills.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Hills

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