130 relations: Acne, Ammonia, Annales de chimie et de physique, Antibiotic, Antoine Germain Labarraque, Aroma compound, Bacteria, Bactericide, Barium peroxide, Beeswax, Benzoyl peroxide, Beta-Carotene, Bleach, Bleach (disambiguation), Bleachfield, Bleaching of wood pulp, Bromate, Burn, Calcium chloride, Calcium hydroxide, Calcium hypochlorite, Carbon tetrachloride, Carcinogen, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, Cell (journal), Cellulose, Charles Tennant, Chemical bond, Chemical industry, Chloramine, Chlorine, Chlorine dioxide, Chlorine-releasing compounds, Chloroform, Chromophore, Claude Louis Berthollet, Cotton, Covalent bond, Denaturation (biochemistry), Denim, Double bond, Drinking water, Encyclopædia Britannica, Esophagus, Europe, Fat, Flour, Flour bleaching agent, Flour treatment agent, Flower, ..., Food industry, Formaldehyde, French people, Gel, Halazone, Headspace technology, Heat shock protein, Household chemicals, Hydrogen peroxide, Hypochlorite, Indigo dye, Irritation, Kaolinite, Kraft paper, Lactic acid, Leather, Light, Louis Jacques Thénard, Lye, Mildew, Moiety (chemistry), Mucous membrane, Newsprint, Nitric acid, Nouvelle Biographie Générale, Nucleophile, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Oil, Organochloride, Oxidizing agent, Oxygen, Ozone, Peracetic acid, Percent active chlorine, Peroxide, Peroxide-based bleach, Persistent organic pollutant, Photon, Pigment, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, Protein, Pulp (paper), Reducing agent, Rongalite, Saponification, Scottish people, Single bond, Skin, Slaughterhouse, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium borohydride, Sodium carbonate, Sodium dichloroisocyanurate, Sodium dithionite, Sodium hypochlorite, Sodium perborate, Sodium percarbonate, Stain, Stomach, Sulfur, Sulfur dioxide, Sulfuric acid, Sun, Surfactant, Swedes, Swimming pool, Swimming pool sanitation, Textile, Tooth whitening, Ultraviolet, Vinegar, Violet (color), Virus, Volatile organic compound, Water, Water chlorination, Water treatment, Weed, Wool, Zinc. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Annales de chimie et de physique (French for Annals of Chemistry and of Physics) is a scientific journal that was founded in Paris, France, in 1789 under the title Annales de chimie.
An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.
Antoine-Germain Labarraque (28 March 1777 – 9 December 1850)Maurice Bouvet.
An aroma compound, also known as an odorant, aroma, fragrance, or flavor, is a chemical compound that has a smell or odor.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
A bactericide or bacteriocide, sometimes abbreviated Bcidal, is a substance that kills bacteria.
Barium peroxide is the inorganic compound with the formula BaO2.
Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.
Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) is a medication and industrial chemical.
β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
Bleach is the generic name for any chemical product which is used industrially and domestically to whiten clothes, lighten hair color and remove stains.
Bleach is a chemical that removes color or whitens.
A bleachfield, bleach green, bleaching green or croft was an open area of land (usually a field) used for spreading cloth and fabrics on the ground to be bleached by the action of the sun and water.
Bleaching of wood pulp is the chemical processing of wood pulp to lighten its color and whiten the pulp.
The bromate anion, BrO, is a bromine-based oxoanion.
A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.
Calcium hydroxide (traditionally called slaked lime) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ca(OH)2.
Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula2.
Carbon tetrachloride, also known by many other names (the most notable being tetrachloromethane, also recognized by the IUPAC, carbon tet in the cleaning industry, Halon-104 in firefighting, and Refrigerant-10 in HVACR) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CCl4.
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
Carl Wilhelm Scheele (9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish Pomeranian and German pharmaceutical chemist.
Cell is a peer-reviewed scientific journal publishing research papers across a broad range of disciplines within the life sciences.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
Charles Tennant (3 May 1768 – 1 October 1838) was a Scottish chemist and industrialist.
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms, ions or molecules that enables the formation of chemical compounds.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
Chloramines are derivatives of ammonia by substitution of one, two or three hydrogen atoms with chlorine atoms: monochloramine (chloroamine, NH2Cl), dichloramine (NHCl2), and nitrogen trichloride (NCl3).
Chlorine is a chemical element with symbol Cl and atomic number 17.
Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound with the formula ClO2.
Chlorine-releasing compounds, also known as chlorine base compounds, are a family of chemicals that release chlorine.
Chloroform, or trichloromethane, is an organic compound with formula CHCl3.
A chromophore is the part of a molecule responsible for its color.
Claude Louis Berthollet (9 December 1748 in Talloires, France – 6 November 1822 in Arcueil, France) was a Savoyard-French chemist who became vice president of the French Senate in 1804.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Denaturation is a process in which proteins or nucleic acids lose the quaternary structure, tertiary structure, and secondary structure which is present in their native state, by application of some external stress or compound such as a strong acid or base, a concentrated inorganic salt, an organic solvent (e.g., alcohol or chloroform), radiation or heat.
Denim is a sturdy cotton warp-faced textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads.
A double bond in chemistry is a chemical bond between two chemical elements involving four bonding electrons instead of the usual two.
Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
Flour is a powder made by grinding raw grains or roots and used to make many different foods.
Flour bleaching agent is a food additive added to flour in order to make it appear whiter (freshly milled flour has a yellowish tint) and to oxidize the surfaces of the flour grains and help with developing of gluten.
Flour treatment agents (also called improving agents, bread improvers, dough conditioners and dough improvers) are food additives combined with flour to improve baking functionality.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
The French (Français) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation who are identified with the country of France.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Halazone (4-((dichloroamino)sulfonyl)benzoic acid) is a chemical compound with the formula can be written as, or.
Headspace technology is a technique developed in the 1980s to elucidate the odor compounds present in the air surrounding various objects.
Heat shock proteins (HSP) are a family of proteins that are produced by cells in response to exposure to stressful conditions.
Household chemicals are non-food chemicals that are commonly found and used in and around the average household.
Hydrogen peroxide is a chemical compound with the formula.
In chemistry, hypochlorite is an ion with the chemical formula ClO−.
Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo).
Irritation, in biology and physiology, is a state of inflammation or painful reaction to allergy or cell-lining damage.
Kaolinite is a clay mineral, part of the group of industrial minerals, with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4.
Kraft paper or kraft is paper or paperboard (cardboard) produced from chemical pulp produced in the kraft process.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Louis Jacques Thénard (4 May 1777 – 21 June 1857) was a French chemist.
A lye is a metal hydroxide traditionally obtained by leaching ashes (containing largely potassium carbonate or "potash"), or a strong alkali which is highly soluble in water producing caustic basic solutions.
Mildew is a form of fungus.
In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule.
A mucous membrane or mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs.
Newsprint is a low-cost non-archival paper consisting mainly of wood pulp and most commonly used to print newspapers and other publications and advertising material.
Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis (Latin for "strong water") and spirit of niter, is a highly corrosive mineral acid.
The Nouvelle Biographie Générale ("New General Biography"), was a 46-volume, French-language, biographical reference work, compiled between 1852 and 1866 by Ferdinand Hoefer, French physician and lexicographer.
Nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond in relation to a reaction.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is an agency of the United States Department of Labor.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the molecule.
In chemistry, an oxidizing agent (oxidant, oxidizer) is a substance that has the ability to oxidize other substances — in other words to cause them to lose electrons.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
Peracetic acid (also known as peroxyacetic acid, or PAA), is an organic compound with the formula CH3CO3H.
Percent active chlorine is a unit of concentration used for hypochlorite-based bleaches.
Peroxide is a compound with the structure R-O-O-R. The O−O group in a peroxide is called the peroxide group or peroxo group.
A peroxide-based bleach or simply peroxide bleach is any bleach product that is based on the peroxide chemical group, namely two oxygen atoms connected by a single bond, (–O–O–).
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds that are resistant to environmental degradation through chemical, biological, and photolytic processes.
The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), or simply dioxins, are a group of polyhalogenated organic compounds that are significant environmental pollutants.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Pulp is a lignocellulosic fibrous material prepared by chemically or mechanically separating cellulose fibres from wood, fiber crops, waste paper, or rags.
A reducing agent (also called a reductant or reducer) is an element (such as calcium) or compound that loses (or "donates") an electron to another chemical species in a redox chemical reaction.
Rongalite, also called Rongalit (registered trademark of BASF), is sodium hydroxymethylsulfinate, or Na+HOCH2SO2−.
Saponification is a process that produces soap.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
In chemistry, a single bond is a chemical bond between two atoms involving two valence electrons.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
A slaughterhouse or abattoir is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food.
Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.
Sodium borohydride, also known as sodium tetrahydridoborate and sodium tetrahydroborate, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaBH4.
Sodium carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known as washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals, and in the monohydrate form as crystal carbonate) is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid.
Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (INN: sodium troclosene, troclosenum natricum or NaDCC or SDIC) is a chemical compound widely used as a cleansing agent and disinfectant.
Sodium dithionite (also known as sodium hydrosulfite) is a white crystalline powder with a weak sulfurous odor.
Sodium perborate is chemical compound whose chemical formula may be written,, or, more properly, ·. Its name is sometimes abbreviated as PBS.
Sodium percarbonate is a chemical substance with formula.
A stain is a discoloration that can be clearly distinguished from the surface, material, or medium it is found upon.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension (or interfacial tension) between two liquids, between a gas and a liquid, or between a liquid and a solid.
Swedes (svenskar) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden.
A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, or paddling pool is a structure designed to hold water to enable swimming or other leisure activities.
Swimming pool sanitation is the process of ensuring healthy conditions in swimming pools, hot tubs, plunge pools, and similar recreational water venues.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
Tooth whitening (termed tooth bleaching when utilising bleach), is either the restoration of a natural tooth shade or whitening beyond the natural shade.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Violet is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light between blue and the invisible ultraviolet.
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
Water chlorination is the process of adding chlorine or hypochlorite to water.
Water treatment is any process that improves the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use.
A weed is a plant considered undesirable in a particular situation, "a plant in the wrong place".
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
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