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Index Blues

Blues is a music genre and musical form originated by African Americans in the Deep South of the United States around the end of the 19th century. [1]

563 relations: A Hard Day's Night (song), Abolitionism in the United States, African Americans, African-American culture, African-American music, After Midnight (J. J. Cale song), Akonting, Alan Lomax, Albert Ammons, Albert King, Alexis Korner, Alligator Records, Alternative rock, America the Beautiful, American folk music revival, American Record Corporation, Amiri Baraka, Appalachian music, Archive of Folk Culture, Aretha Franklin, Argentina, Arhoolie Records, Artie Matthews, Audio feedback, Avellaneda Blues, B.B. King, Baby Franklin Seals, Back Door Man, Ballad, Banjo, Bar form, Barbecue Bob, Baroque music, Bass (sound), Bass guitar, Bassline, Batman (TV series), Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Beale Street, Beat (music), Beatnik, Bebop, Ben Harper, Bennie Moten, Bessie Smith, Beth Hart, Bettye LaVette, Big band, Big Bill Broonzy, Big Joe Turner, ..., Big Walter Horton, Bill Monroe, Billboard (magazine), Blind Blake, Blind Boy Fuller, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Blind Willie Johnson, Blind Willie McTell, Blind Willie Walker, Blonde on Blonde, Blue law, Blue note, Blue Suede Shoes, Bluebird Records, Bluegrass music, Blues ballad, Blues Brothers 2000, Blues dance, Blues Fell This Morning, Blues Hall of Fame, Blues Music Award, Blues rock, Blues scale, Blues shouter, Blues Traveler, Bo Carter, Bo Diddley, Bob Dylan, Bob Wills, Bobby Bland, Bobby Rush (musician), Boogie Chillen', Boogie-woogie, Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Brass band, Brass instrument, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, British blues, British Invasion, Broadway theatre, Buddy Guy, Cab Calloway, Cage the Elephant, Cajuns, Call and response (music), Cambridge University Press, Camp meeting, Canadian blues, Canned Heat, Carl Perkins, Casey Bill Weldon, Chant, Charles Brown (musician), Charley Patton, Charlie Musselwhite, Charlie Parker, Charlie Poole, Charlotte Forten Grimké, Checker Records, Chess Records, Chicago, Chicago blues, Chord (music), Chord progression, Chuck Berry, Cinderella Rockefella, Civil rights movement, Clarence Carter, Clarksdale, Mississippi, Classic female blues, Classical period (music), Clifton Chenier, Clint Eastwood, Cobra Records, Cocaine (song), Contradanza, Cotton Club, Count Basie Orchestra, Country blues, Country music, Crazy Blues, Cream (band), Cross Road Blues, Curley Weaver, Cyclic form, Cyril Davies, Da Capo Press, Dallas Blues, Dan Aykroyd, Deep South, Degree (music), Delmark Records, Delta blues, Denise LaSalle, Depression (mood), Derek Trucks, Detroit, Detroit blues, Diatonic scale, Dick Waterman, Diddley bow, Digital recording, Dirty blues, Distortion, Distortion (music), Dominant (music), Dominant seventh chord, Dotdash, Double bass, Dr. John, Drum kit, Duke Ellington, Earl Hines, Eddy Arnold, Eight-bar blues, Electric blues, Electric guitar, Elegua, Elmore James, Elvis Presley, Emancipation Proclamation, Endless Boogie, Eric Clapton, Eric Gales, Erykah Badu, Esther Ofarim, Excello Records, Fabian Forte, Facebook, Farce, Fat Possum Records, Field holler, Fingerstyle guitar, Flat (music), Fleetwood Mac, Folk music, Folkways Records, Frank Stokes (musician), Freddie King, Free Speech Movement, Fula people, Funk, Gary Clark Jr., George Colman the Younger, George Gershwin, Glenn Miller, Golden Gate Quartet, Gospel blues, Gospel music, Grace note, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album, Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album, Great Migration (African American), Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, Griot, Groove (music), Guitar, Guitar amplifier, Guitar solo, Gus Cannon, Hank Williams, Harmonic seventh, Harmonica, Harmony, Harold Arlen, Hart Wand, Heavy metal music, Henry Thomas (blues musician), Herbie Hancock, Hill country blues, Hillbilly, Hip hop music, Hokum, Hoochie Coochie Man, Hound Dog (song), How Long, How Long Blues, Howard W. Odum, Howlin' Wolf, Hymn, I Just Want to Make Love to You, I'm a King Bee, Igbo Americans, Igbo music, Igbo people, In the Mood, Instrument amplifier, Internet, Isaac Watts, J. B. Lenoir, J. D. "Jay" Miller, J. J. Cale, J. T. Brown (musician), J.O.B. Records, Jack White, Jackson, Mississippi, James Brown, Janis Joplin, Jason Ricci, Jay McShann, Jazz, Jeff Baxter, Jefferson Airplane, Jelly Roll Morton, Jerry Lee Lewis, Jerry McCain, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmie Rodgers (country singer), Jimmie Vaughan, Jimmy Reed, Jimmy Rushing, Jimmy Yancey, Joe Bonamassa, John Belushi, John Lee Hooker, John Lomax, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, John Mayer, John Storm Roberts, Johnny B. Goode, Johnny Winter, Jug band, Juke joint, Jump blues, Jumpin' at the Woodside, Junior Kimbrough, Kansas City blues, Kansas City metropolitan area, Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas Joe McCoy, Kazoo, Keb' Mo', Key (music), Key to the Highway, Kim Wilson, Kokomo Arnold, Ladder of thirds, Lafayette County, Mississippi, Latin music, Lawrence Gellert, Lead Belly, Leroy Carr, Level (music), Library of Congress, Lightnin' Hopkins, Lightnin' Slim, List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits, List of blues festivals, List of blues genres, List of blues musicians, List of blues standards, List of British blues musicians, List of films about blues music, List of train songs, Little Milton, Little Richard, Little Walter, Living Blues, Long Tall Sally, Lonnie Johnson (musician), Los Angeles, Louis Armstrong, Louis Jordan, Louisiana, Louisiana blues, Lucille Bogan, Lucille Hegamin, Luther Allison, Ma Rainey, Magic Sam, Magic Slim, Major scale, Malaco Records, Mamie Smith, Manal, Mandinka people, Mandolin, Martin Scorsese, Marvin Sease, MCA Inc., Meade Lux Lewis, Melody, Memphis blues, Memphis Jug Band, Memphis Minnie, Memphis Slim, Memphis, Tennessee, Mike Bloomfield, Miles Davis, Minor seventh, Minor third, Minstrel show, Mississippi, Mississippi Blues Trail, Mississippi Delta, Mississippi Fred McDowell, Mississippi John Hurt, Missouri, Modal frame, Moon Mullican, Muddy Waters, Music genre, Music industry, Music of Africa, Musical form, Nat King Cole, National Blues Museum, New England, New Orleans, New Orleans blues, Newport Folk Festival, Newton County, Georgia, Nightclub, Nighthawk Records, NorthernBlues Music, Ogg, Okeh Records, One O'Clock Jump, Orianthi, Origins of the blues, Orisha, Ostinato, Otis Rush, Oxford University Press, Papa Charlie Jackson, Paramount Records, Paul Butterfield, Paul Oliver, PBS, Peggy Scott-Adams, Perry Bradford, Pete Johnson, Piano, Piano blues, Piano Concerto No. 21 (Mozart), Piedmont blues, Pinetop Smith, Pitch (music), Pop music, Popular music, Porteño, Post–World War II economic expansion, Pow wow, Professor Longhair, Psychedelic rock, Public address system, Punk blues, R. L. Burnside, Race record, Racism, Ragtime, Ray Charles, Río de la Plata, Reggae, Reverend Gary Davis, Rhapsody in Blue, Rhythm and blues, Richter-tuned harmonica, Ring shout, Robert Cray, Robert Johnson, Robert Wilkins, Robert Winslow Gordon, Rock and roll, Rock music, Rockabilly, Roman numerals, Rory Gallagher, Ruf Records, Ry Cooder, Saint Louis Blues (song), Sam Cooke, Sam Myers, Sam Phillips, Samuel Charters, Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, San Francisco Chronicle, Santana (band), Satan, Saxophone, Scrapper Blackwell, Second Great Migration (African American), Sent for You Yesterday, Seventh chord, Severn Records, Shake, Rattle and Roll, Shanachie Records, Sheet music, Shemekia Copeland, Shirley Brown, Sir Charles Jones, Sitting on Top of the World, Sixteen-bar blues, Skiffle, Skip James, Sleepy John Estes, Slide guitar, Slim Harpo, Smithsonian Folkways, Smithsonian Institution, Son House, Songcatcher, Songster, Sonny Boy Williamson II, Sonny Terry, Soul blues, Soul music, Sounder (film), South Texas, Southern soul, Southern Spaces, Southern United States, Spiritual (music), St. Louis, St. Louis blues (music), St. Martin's Press, Steve Winwood, Stevie Ray Vaughan, String bending, Strong Persuader, Subdominant, Sun Records, Supergroup (music), Susan Tedeschi, Swamp blues, Swing (jazz performance style), Swing music, Sylvester Weaver (musician), T-Bone Walker, Taj Mahal (musician), Talking blues, Tampa Red, Tango, Teen idol, Tennessee, Territory band, Texas blues, Texas Flood, That's All Right, The Allman Brothers Band, The Animals, The Beatles, The Black Keys, The Blues (film series), The Blues Brothers, The Blues Brothers (film), The Doors, The Fabulous Thunderbirds, The Healer (album), The J. Geils Band, The Memphis Blues, The Rolling Stones, The West Wing, The Yardbirds, Theatre Owners Booking Association, Thomas A. Dorsey, Time signature, Tin Pan Alley, Tonic (music), Torch song, Tracy Chapman, Traditional blues verses, Tritone, Trouble in Mind (song), Tulsa Sound, Turnaround (music), Tutti Frutti (song), Tutwiler, Mississippi, Twelve-bar blues, University of Arkansas Press, University of Illinois Press, University of Massachusetts, University of North Carolina Press, Unplugged (Eric Clapton album), Vanguard Records, Vaudeville, Vee-Jay Records, Vibrato, Victor Talking Machine Company, Victoria Spivey, Video clip, Vietnam War, Virtuoso, W. C. Handy, W. W. Norton & Company, Walter Vinson, Wang Dang Doodle, Warren Haynes, Washboard (musical instrument), Watermelon Man (composition), Waylon Jennings, West Coast blues, West Side, Chicago, What'd I Say, Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On, Willie Dixon, Willie Nelson, Wim Wenders, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolof people, Work song, World War II, Xalam, Xylophone, Yazoo Records, Yoruba religion, YouTube, Z. Z. Hill, Zydeco, ZZ Top, ZZ Ward, 20th century, 20th-century music. Expand index (513 more) »

A Hard Day's Night (song)

"A Hard Day's Night" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles.

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Abolitionism in the United States

Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.

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African Americans

African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the black racial groups of Africa.

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African-American culture

African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, refers to the contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from mainstream American culture.

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African-American music

African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.

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After Midnight (J. J. Cale song)

"After Midnight" is a rock song by J. J. Cale, first released in 1966.

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The akonting (or ekonting in French transliteration) is the folk lute of the Jola people, found in Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa.

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Alan Lomax

Alan Lomax (January 31, 1915 – July 19, 2002) was an American ethnomusicologist, best known for his numerous field recordings of folk music of the 20th century.

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Albert Ammons

Albert Clifton Ammons (March 1, 1907 – December 3, 1949) was an American pianist and player of boogie-woogie, a bluesy jazz style popular from the late 1930s to the mid-1940s.

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Albert King

Albert Nelson (April 25, 1923 – December 21, 1992), known by his stage name Albert King, was an American blues guitarist and singer whose playing influenced many other blues guitarists.

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Alexis Korner

Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".

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Alligator Records

Alligator Records is an American, Chicago-based independent blues record label founded by Bruce Iglauer in 1971.

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Alternative rock

Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s.

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America the Beautiful

"America the Beautiful" is an American patriotic song.

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American folk music revival

The American folk-music revival began during the 1940s and peaked in popularity in the mid-1960s.

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American Record Corporation

American Record Corporation (ARC), also referred to as American Record Company, American Recording Corporation, or (erroneously) as ARC Records, was an American record company.

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Amiri Baraka

Amiri Baraka (born Everett LeRoi Jones; October 7, 1934 – January 9, 2014), previously known as LeRoi Jones and Imamu Amear Baraka, was an African-American writer of poetry, drama, fiction, essays and music criticism.

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Appalachian music

Appalachian music is the music of the region of Appalachia in the Eastern United States.

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Archive of Folk Culture

The Archive of Folk Culture was founded at the U.S. Library of Congress in 1928, (originally as the Archive of American Folk Song) as a repository for American Folk Music.

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Aretha Franklin

Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer and songwriter.

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Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Arhoolie Records

Arhoolie Records, which is based in El Cerrito, California, United States, is an American small independent record label run by Chris Strachwitz.

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Artie Matthews

Artie Matthews (November 15, 1888 – October 25, 1958) was an American songwriter, pianist, and ragtime composer.

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Audio feedback

Audio feedback (also known as acoustic feedback, simply as feedback, or the Larsen effect) is a special kind of positive loop gain which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example, a power amplified loudspeaker).

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Avellaneda Blues

"Avellaneda Blues" is a song by the Argentine blues rock band Manal.

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B.B. King

Riley B. King (September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015), known professionally as B.B. King, was an American blues singer, electric guitarist, songwriter, and record producer.

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Baby Franklin Seals


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Back Door Man

"Back Door Man" is a blues song written by Willie Dixon and recorded by Howlin' Wolf in 1960.

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A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.

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The banjo is a four-, five- or six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head.

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Bar form

Bar form (German: die Barform or der Bar) is a musical form of the pattern AAB.

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Barbecue Bob

Robert Hicks, better known as Barbecue Bob (September 11, 1902 – October 21, 1931), was an early American Piedmont blues musician.

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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Bass (sound)

Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.

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Bass guitar

The bass guitar (also known as electric bass, or bass) is a stringed instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and four to six strings or courses.

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A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).

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Batman (TV series)

Batman is a 1960s American live action television series, based on the DC comic book character of the same name.

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Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Baton Rouge is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana and its second-largest city.

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Beale Street

Beale Street is a street in Downtown Memphis, Tennessee, which runs from the Mississippi River to East Street, a distance of approximately.

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Beat (music)

In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).

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Beatnik was a media stereotype prevalent throughout the 1950s to mid-1960s that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s.

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Bebop or bop is a style of jazz developed in the early to mid-1940s in the United States, which features songs characterized by a fast tempo, complex chord progressions with rapid chord changes and numerous changes of key, instrumental virtuosity, and improvisation based on a combination of harmonic structure, the use of scales and occasional references to the melody.

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Ben Harper

Benjamin Chase Harper (born October 28, 1969) is an American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.

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Bennie Moten

Benjamin "Bennie" Moten (November 13, 1894 – April 2, 1935) was an American jazz pianist and band leader born and raised in Kansas City, Missouri.

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Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.

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Beth Hart

Beth Hart (born January 24, 1972) is an American singer, songwriter and musician from Los Angeles, California, United States.

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Bettye LaVette

Bettye LaVette (born Betty Jo Haskins, January 29, 1946) is an American soul singer-songwriter who made her first record at sixteen, but achieved only intermittent fame until 2005, with her album I've Got My Own Hell to Raise.

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Big band

A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones, trumpets, trombones, and a rhythm section.

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Big Bill Broonzy

Big Bill Broonzy (born Lee Conley Bradley, June 26, 1903 – August 14, 1958) was an American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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Big Joe Turner

Joseph Vernon "Big Joe" Turner Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985) was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri.

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Big Walter Horton

Walter Horton, better known as Big Walter (Horton) or Walter "Shakey" Horton (April 6, 1921 – December 8, 1981) was an American blues harmonica player.

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Bill Monroe

William Smith Monroe (September 13, 1911 – September 9, 1996) was an American mandolinist, singer, and songwriter, who helped to create the style of music known as bluegrass.

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Billboard (magazine)

Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.

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Blind Blake

Arthur "Blind" Blake (1896 – December 1, 1934) was an American blues and ragtime singer and guitarist.

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Blind Boy Fuller

Blind Boy Fuller (born Fulton Allen, July 10, 1904 or 1907February 13, 1941) was an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Blind Lemon Jefferson

Lemon Henry "Blind Lemon" Jefferson (September 24, 1893 – December 19, 1929) was an American blues and gospel singer, songwriter, and musician.

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Blind Willie Johnson

Blind Willie Johnson (January 25, 1897 – September 18, 1945) was an American gospel blues singer and guitarist and evangelist.

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Blind Willie McTell

Blind Willie McTell (born William Samuel McTier; May 5, 1898 – August 19, 1959) was a Piedmont blues and ragtime singer and guitarist.

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Blind Willie Walker

Blind Willie Walker (April 1896 – March 4, 1933) was an early American blues guitarist and singer, who played the Piedmont blues style.

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Blonde on Blonde

Blonde on Blonde is the seventh studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released in mid 1966, on Columbia Records.

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Blue law

Blue laws, also known as Sunday laws, are laws designed to restrict or ban some or all Sunday activities for religious reasons, particularly to promote the observance of a day of worship or rest.

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Blue note

In jazz and blues, a blue note (also "worried" note) is a note that—for expressive purposes—is sung or played at a slightly different pitch than standard.

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Blue Suede Shoes

"Blue Suede Shoes" is a rock-and-roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955.

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Bluebird Records

Bluebird Records was a record label known for its low-cost releases, primarily of blues and jazz in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Bluegrass music

Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music named after Kentucky mandolin player and songwriter Bill Monroe's band, the Bluegrass Boys 1939-96, and furthered by musicians who played with him, including 5-string banjo player Earl Scruggs and guitarist Lester Flatt, or who simply admired the high-energy instrumental and vocal music Monroe's group created, and carried it on into new bands, some of which created subgenres (Progressive Bluegrass, Newgrass, Dawg Music etc.). Bluegrass is influenced by the music of Appalachia and other styles, including gospel and jazz.

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Blues ballad

The term blues ballad is used to refer to a specific form of popular music which fused Anglo-American and Afro-American styles from the late 19th century onwards.

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Blues Brothers 2000

Blues Brothers 2000 is a 1998 American musical comedy film that is a sequel to the 1980 film The Blues Brothers, written and produced by John Landis and Dan Aykroyd.

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Blues dance

Blues dancing is a family of historical dances that developed alongside and were danced to blues music, or the contemporary dances that are danced in that aesthetic.

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Blues Fell This Morning

Blues Fell This Morning is a notable 1960 book published by Cassell and written by Paul Oliver.

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Blues Hall of Fame

The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee.

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Blues Music Award

The Blues Music Awards are awards presented by the Blues Foundation, a non-profit organization set up to foster blues heritage.

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Blues rock

Blues rock is a fusion genre combining elements of blues and rock.

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Blues scale

The term blues scale refers to several different scales with differing numbers of pitches and related characteristics.

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Blues shouter

A blues shouter is a blues singer, often male, capable of singing unamplified with a band.

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Blues Traveler

Blues Traveler is an American rock band formed in Princeton, New Jersey in 1987.

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Bo Carter

Armenter Chatmon (June 30, 1893 – September 21, 1964), known as Bo Carter, was an early American blues musician.

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Bo Diddley

Ellas McDaniel (born Ellas Otha Bates, December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), known as Bo Diddley, was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter and music producer who played a key role in the transition from the blues to rock and roll.

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Bob Dylan

Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and painter who has been an influential figure in popular music and culture for more than five decades.

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Bob Wills

James Robert Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician, songwriter, and bandleader.

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Bobby Bland

Robert Calvin Bland (né Robert Calvin Brooks; January 27, 1930 – June 23, 2013), known professionally as Bobby "Blue" Bland, was an American blues singer.

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Bobby Rush (musician)

Bobby Rush (born November 10, 1933) is a Grammy Award Winning American blues musician, composer and singer.

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Boogie Chillen'

"Boogie Chillen'" or "Boogie Chillun" is a blues song first recorded by John Lee Hooker in 1948.

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Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African-American communities in the 1870s.

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Booker T. & the M.G.'s

Booker T. & the M.G.'s is an instrumental R&B/funk band that was influential in shaping the sound of Southern soul and Memphis soul.

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Brass band

A brass band is a musical ensemble generally consisting entirely of brass instruments, most often with a percussion section.

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Brass instrument

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips.

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British Academy of Film and Television Arts

The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is an independent charity that supports, develops and promotes the art forms of the moving image – film, television and game in the United Kingdom.

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British blues

British blues is a form of music derived from American blues that originated in the late 1950s and which reached its height of mainstream popularity in the 1960s, when it developed a distinctive and influential style dominated by electric guitar and made international stars of several proponents of the genre including The Rolling Stones, The Animals, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac and Led Zeppelin.

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British Invasion

The British Invasion was a cultural phenomenon of the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom and other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States and significant to rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.

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Broadway theatre

Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.

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Buddy Guy

George "Buddy" Guy (born July 30, 1936) is an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Cab Calloway

Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.

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Cage the Elephant

Cage the Elephant is an American rock band from Bowling Green, Kentucky, that formed in 2006 and relocated to London, England in 2008 before their first album was released.

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The Cajuns (Louisiana les Cadiens), also known as Acadians (Louisiana les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, and in The Maritimes as well as Québec consisting in part of the descendants of the original Acadian exiles—French-speakers from Acadia (L'Acadie) in what are now the Maritimes of Eastern Canada.

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Call and response (music)

In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually written in different parts of the music, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or in response to the first.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Camp meeting

The camp meeting is a form of Protestant Christian religious service originating in England and Scotland as an evangelical event in association with the communion season.

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Canadian blues

Canadian blues is the blues and blues-related music (e.g., blues rock) performed by blues bands and performers in Canada.

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Canned Heat

Canned Heat is an American rock band formed in Los Angeles in 1965.

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Carl Perkins

Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at the Sun Studio, in Memphis, beginning in 1954.

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Casey Bill Weldon

William "Casey Bill" Weldon (December 10, 1909 – c. 1970) was an American country blues musician.

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A chant (from French chanter, from Latin cantare, "to sing") is the iterative speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.

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Charles Brown (musician)

Tony Russell "Charles" Brown (September 13, 1922 – January 21, 1999) was an American blues singer and pianist whose soft-toned, slow-paced blues-club style influenced blues performance in the 1940s and 1950s.

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Charley Patton

Charley Patton (died April 28, 1934), also known as Charlie Patton, was an American Delta blues musician.

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Charlie Musselwhite

Charles Douglas "Charlie" Musselwhite (born January 31, 1944) is an American electric blues harmonica player and bandleader, one of the white bluesmen who came to prominence in the early 1960s, along with Mike Bloomfield and Paul Butterfield, or bands such as Canned Heat.

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Charlie Parker

Charles Parker Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as Yardbird and Bird, was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.

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Charlie Poole

Charlie Poole (March 22, 1892 – May 21, 1931) was an American old time banjo player and country musician, as well as the leader of the North Carolina Ramblers, a string band that recorded many popular songs between 1925 and 1930.

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Charlotte Forten Grimké

Charlotte Louise Bridges Forten Grimké (August 17, 1837 – July 23, 1914) was an African-American anti-slavery activist, poet, and educator.

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Checker Records

Checker Records is an inactive record label that was started in 1952 as a subsidiary of Chess Records in Chicago, Illinois.

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Chess Records

Chess Records was an American record company, founded in 1950 in Chicago and specializing in blues and rhythm and blues.

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Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.

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Chicago blues

The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois.

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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Chord progression

A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.

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Chuck Berry

Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.

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Cinderella Rockefella

"Cinderella Rockefella" is a novelty song written by Mason Williams and Nancy Ames, best known in the version by the Israeli duo Esther and Abi Ofarim, at the time a married couple, in 1968.

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Civil rights movement

The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.

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Clarence Carter

Clarence George Carter (born January 14, 1936) is an American blues and soul singer, musician, songwriter and record producer.

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Clarksdale, Mississippi

Clarksdale is a city in Coahoma County, Mississippi, United States, and seat of the county.

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Classic female blues

Classic female blues was an early form of blues music, popular in the 1920s.

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Classical period (music)

The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.

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Clifton Chenier

Clifton Chenier (June 25, 1925 – December 12, 1987), a Louisiana French-speaking native of Opelousas, Louisiana, was an eminent performer and recording artist of Zydeco, which arose from Cajun and Creole music, with R&B, jazz, and blues influences.

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Clint Eastwood

Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, filmmaker, musician, and political figure.

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Cobra Records

Cobra Records (together with its Artistic subsidiary) was an independent record label that operated from 1956–1959.

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Cocaine (song)

"Cocaine" is a song written and recorded in 1976 by singer-songwriter J. J. Cale.

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Contradanza (also called contradanza criolla, danza, danza criolla, or habanera) is the Spanish and Spanish-American version of the contradanse, which was an internationally popular style of music and dance in the 18th century, derived from the English country dance and adopted at the court of France.

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Cotton Club

The Cotton Club was a New York City nightclub located in Harlem on 142nd Street and Lenox Avenue from 1923 to 1935, then briefly in the midtown Theater District from 1936 to 1940.

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Count Basie Orchestra

The Count Basie Orchestra is a 16 to 18 piece big band, one of the most prominent jazz performing groups of the swing era, founded by Count Basie in 1935 and recording regularly from 1936.

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Country blues

Country blues (also folk blues, rural blues, backwoods blues, or downhome blues) is acoustic, mainly guitar-driven forms of the blues, that mixes blues elements with characteristics of country and folk.

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Country music

Country music, also known as country and western or simply country, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s.

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Crazy Blues

"Crazy Blues" is a song written by Perry Bradford.

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Cream (band)

Cream were a 1960s British rock power trio consisting of drummer Ginger Baker, guitarist/singer Eric Clapton and lead singer/bassist Jack Bruce.

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Cross Road Blues

"Cross Road Blues" (also known as "Crossroads") is a blues song written and recorded by American blues artist Robert Johnson in 1936.

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Curley Weaver

Curley James Weaver (March 25, 1906 – September 20, 1962) was an American blues musician, also known as Slim Gordon.

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Cyclic form

Cyclic form is a technique of musical construction, involving multiple sections or movements, in which a theme, melody, or thematic material occurs in more than one movement as a unifying device.

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Cyril Davies

Cyril Davies (23 January 1932 – 7 January 1964) was an English blues musician, and one of the first blues harmonica players in England.

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Da Capo Press

Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Dallas Blues

"Dallas Blues", written by Hart Wand, is an early blues song, first published in 1912.

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Dan Aykroyd

Daniel Edward Aykroyd (born July 1, 1952) is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, musician, and filmmaker.

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Deep South

The Deep South is a cultural and geographic subregion in the Southern United States.

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Degree (music)

In music theory, scale degree refers to the position of a particular note on a scale relative to the tonic, the first and main note of the scale from which each octave is assumed to begin.

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Delmark Records

Delmark Records is the oldest American jazz and blues independent record label.

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Delta blues

Delta blues is one of the earliest-known styles of blues music.

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Denise LaSalle

Ora Denise Allen (July 16, 1939 – January 8, 2018), known by the stage name Denise LaSalle, was an American blues, R&B and soul singer, songwriter, and record producer who, since the death of Koko Taylor, had been recognized as the "Queen of the Blues".

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.

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Derek Trucks

Derek Trucks (born June 8, 1979) is an American guitarist, songwriter, and founder of the Grammy Award-winningThe Derek Trucks Band.

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Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County.

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Detroit blues

Detroit blues is blues played by musicians residing in and around Detroit, Michigan, particularly in the 1940s and 1950s.

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Diatonic scale

In western music theory, a diatonic scale is a heptatonic scale that includes five whole steps (whole tones) and two half steps (semitones) in each octave, in which the two half steps are separated from each other by either two or three whole steps, depending on their position in the scale.

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Dick Waterman

Dick Waterman (born July 14, 1935, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States) is an American writer, promoter and photographer, who has been influential in the development and recording of the blues since the 1960s.

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Diddley bow

The diddley bow is a single-stringed American instrument which influenced the development of the blues sound.

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Digital recording

In digital recording, audio signals picked up by a microphone or other transducer or video signals picked up by a camera or similar device are converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes over time in air pressure for audio, and chroma and luminance values for video, then recorded to a storage device.

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Dirty blues

Dirty blues encompasses forms of blues music that deal with socially taboo subjects, including sexual acts and/or references to drug use of some kind.

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Distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of something.

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Distortion (music)

Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain, producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Dominant seventh chord

In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.

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Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.

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Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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Dr. John

Malcolm John Rebennack (born November 21, 1940), better known by his stage name Dr.

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Drum kit

A drum kit — also called a drum set, trap set, or simply drums — is a collection of drums and other percussion instruments, typically cymbals, which are set up on stands to be played by a single player, with drumsticks held in both hands, and the feet operating pedals that control the hi-hat cymbal and the beater for the bass drum.

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Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and bandleader of a jazz orchestra, which he led from 1923 until his death in a career spanning over fifty years.

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Earl Hines

Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader.

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Eddy Arnold

Richard Edward "Eddy" Arnold (May 15, 1918 – May 8, 2008) was an American country music singer who performed for six decades.

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Eight-bar blues

In music, an eight-bar blues is a typical blues chord progression, "the second most common blues form,"Riker, Wayne (1994).

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Electric blues

Electric blues refers to any type of blues music distinguished by the use of electric amplification for musical instruments.

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Electric guitar

An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals.

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Elegua (Yoruba: Èṣù-Ẹlẹ́gbára, also spelled Eleggua; known as Eleguá in Latin America) is an Orisha, a deity of roads in the religions of Santeria, Candomblé and in Palo Mayombe.

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Elmore James

Elmore James (January 27, 1918 – May 24, 1963) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and bandleader.

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Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.

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Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.

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Endless Boogie

Endless Boogie is a studio album by American blues musician John Lee Hooker, released in 1971 through ABC Records.

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Eric Clapton

Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

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Eric Gales

Eric Gales (born October 29, 1974), also known as Raw Dawg, is an American blues-rock guitarist, originally hailed as a child prodigy.

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Erykah Badu

Erica Abi Wright (born February 26, 1971), known professionally as Erykah Badu, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, disc jockey, activist, and actress.

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Esther Ofarim

Esther Zaied, better known by her married name Esther Ofarim (אסתר עופרים; born June 13, 1941), is an Israeli singer.

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Excello Records

Excello Records was an American blues independent record label, started by Ernie Young in Nashville, Tennessee, United States, in 1953 as a subsidiary of Nashboro, a gospel label.

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Fabian Forte

Fabiano Anthony Forte (born February 6, 1943), professionally known as Fabian, is an American singer and actor.

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Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.

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In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.

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Fat Possum Records

Fat Possum Records is an American independent record label based in Water Valley and Oxford, Mississippi.

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Field holler

The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by African (and later African American) slaves to accompany their work, to communicate usefully, or to vent feelings.

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Fingerstyle guitar

Fingerstyle guitar is the technique of playing the guitar by plucking the strings directly with the fingertips, fingernails, or picks attached to fingers, as opposed to flatpicking (plucking individual notes with a single plectrum, commonly called a "pick").

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Flat (music)

In music, flat or bemolle (Italian: "soft B") means "lower in pitch".

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Fleetwood Mac

Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band, formed in London in 1967.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Folkways Records

Folkways Records was a record label founded by Moses Asch that documented folk, world, and children's music.

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Frank Stokes (musician)

Frank Stokes (January 1, 1877 or 1888 – September 12, 1955) was an American blues musician, songster, and blackface minstrel, who is considered by many musicologists to be the father of the Memphis blues guitar style.

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Freddie King

Freddie King (September 3, 1934 – December 28, 1976) was an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Free Speech Movement

The Free Speech Movement (FSM) was a massive, long-lasting student protest which took place during the 1964–65 academic year on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.

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Fula people

The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw), numbering between 40 and 50 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.

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Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).

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Gary Clark Jr.

Gary Clark Jr. (born February 15, 1984) is an American musician from Austin, Texas.

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George Colman the Younger

George Colman (21 October 1762 – 17 October 1836), known as "the Younger" was an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.

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George Gershwin

George Jacob Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

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Glenn Miller

Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 – December 15, 1944) The website for Arlington National Cemetery refers to Glenn Miller as "missing in action since Dec.

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Golden Gate Quartet

The Golden Gate Quartet (a.k.a. The Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet) is an American vocal group.

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Gospel blues

Gospel blues or holy blues is a form of blues-based gospel music that has been around since the inception of blues music, a combination of blues guitar and evangelistic lyrics.

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Gospel music

Gospel music is a genre of Christian music.

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Grace note

A grace note is a kind of music notation used to denote several kinds of musical ornaments.

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Grammy Award

A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.

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Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album

The Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album was awarded from 1988 to 2011 and from 2017 onwards.

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Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album

The Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album was awarded from 1983 to 2011 and from 2017 onwards.

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Great Migration (African American)

The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1916 and 1970.

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Great Mississippi Flood of 1927

The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was the most destructive river flood in the history of the United States, with inundated up to a depth of.

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A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.

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Groove (music)

In music, groove is the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or sense of "swing".

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The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.

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Guitar amplifier

A guitar amplifier (or amp) is an electronic device or system that strengthens the weak electrical signal from a pickup on an electric guitar, bass guitar, or acoustic guitar so that it can produce sound through one or more loudspeakers, which are typically housed in a wooden cabinet.

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Guitar solo

A guitar solo is a melodic passage, instrumental section, or entire piece of music written for a classical guitar, electric guitar or an acoustic guitar.

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Gus Cannon

Gustavus "Gus" Cannon (September 12, 1883 or 1884 – October 15, 1979) was an American blues musician who helped to popularize jug bands (such as his own Cannon's Jug Stompers) in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Hank Williams

Hiram "Hank" Williams (September 17, 1923 – January 1, 1953) was an American singer-songwriter.

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Harmonic seventh

The harmonic seventh interval, also known as the septimal minor seventh, or subminor seventh, is one with an exact 7:4 ratioAndrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002).

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The harmonica, also known as a French harp or mouth organ, is a free reed wind instrument used worldwide in many musical genres, notably in blues, American folk music, classical music, jazz, country, and rock and roll.

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In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.

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Harold Arlen

Harold Arlen (born Hyman Arluck; February 15, 1905 – April 23, 1986) was an American composer of popular music who composed over 500 songs, a number of which have become known worldwide.

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Hart Wand

Hart A. Wand (March 3, 1887 – August 9, 1960), was an American early fiddler and bandleader from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, he was of German extraction.

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Heavy metal music

Heavy metal (or simply metal) is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom.

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Henry Thomas (blues musician)

Henry Thomas (18741930?) was an American country blues singer, songster and musician, who had a brief recording career in the late 1920s which has latterly been influential.

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Herbie Hancock

Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.

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Hill country blues

Hill country blues (also known as North Mississippi hill country blues or North Mississippi blues) is a regional style of country blues.

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"Hillbilly" is a term (often derogatory) for people who dwell in rural, mountainous areas in the United States, primarily in Appalachia and the Ozarks.

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Hip hop music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.

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Hokum is a particular song type of American blues music—a humorous song which uses extended analogies or euphemistic terms to make sexual innuendos.

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Hoochie Coochie Man

"Hoochie Coochie Man" (originally titled "I'm Your Hoochie Cooche Man") is a blues standard written by Willie Dixon and first recorded by Muddy Waters in 1954.

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Hound Dog (song)

"Hound Dog" is a twelve-bar blues song written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.

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How Long, How Long Blues

"How Long, How Long Blues" (also known as "How Long Blues" or "How Long How Long") is a blues song recorded by the American blues duo Leroy Carr and Scrapper Blackwell in 1928.

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Howard W. Odum

Howard Washington Odum (May 24, 1884 – November 8, 1954) was an American sociologist and author, publishing three novels in addition to 20 scholarly texts.

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Howlin' Wolf

Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), known as Howlin' Wolf, was a Chicago blues singer, guitarist, and harmonica player, originally from Mississippi.

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A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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I Just Want to Make Love to You

"I Just Want to Make Love to You" is a 1954 blues song written by Willie Dixon, first recorded by Muddy Waters, and released as "Just Make Love to Me" (Chess 1571).

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I'm a King Bee

"I'm a King Bee" is a swamp blues song that has been performed and recorded by numerous blues and other artists.

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Igbo Americans

Igbo Americans, or Americans of Igbo ancestry, (Ṇ́dị́ Ígbò n'Emerịkà) are residents of the United States who identify as having Igbo ancestry from modern day Nigeria.

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Igbo music

Igbo music (Igbo: Egwu nkwa ndi Igbo) is the music of the Igbo people, who are indigenous to the southeastern part of Nigeria.

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Igbo people

The Igbo people (also Ibo," formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo; natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò) are an ethnic group native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria.

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In the Mood

"In the Mood" is a popular big band-era #1 hit recorded by American bandleader Glenn Miller.

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Instrument amplifier

An instrument amplifier is an electronic device that converts the often barely audible or purely electronic signal of a musical instrument into an audible sound.

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The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.

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Isaac Watts

Isaac Watts (17 July 1674 – 25 November 1748) was an English Christian minister (Congregational), hymn writer, theologian, and logician.

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J. B. Lenoir


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J. D. "Jay" Miller

Joseph Denton "Jay" Miller (May 5, 1922 – March 23, 1996) was an American record producer, musician and songwriter from Crowley, Louisiana, whose Cajun, swamp blues, and swamp pop recordings influenced American popular culture.

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J. J. Cale

John Weldon "J.

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J. T. Brown (musician)


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J.O.B. Records

J.O.B. Records was an American, Chicago based independent record label, founded by businessman Joe Brown and bluesman St. Louis Jimmy Oden in 1949.

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Jack White

John Anthony White (né Gillis; born July 9, 1975) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer and actor.

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Jackson, Mississippi

Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital city and largest urban center of the U.S. state of Mississippi.

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James Brown

James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader.

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Janis Joplin

Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) nicknamed The Pearl, was an American rock, soul and blues singer and songwriter, and one of the most successful and widely-known female rock stars of her era.

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Jason Ricci

Jason Ricci (born February 3, 1974) is an American harmonica player and singer.

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Jay McShann

James Columbus "Jay" McShann (January 12, 1916 – December 7, 2006) was a jazz pianist and bandleader.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jeff Baxter

Jeffrey Allen "Skunk" Baxter (born December 13, 1948) is an American guitarist, known for his stints in the rock bands Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers during the 1970s and Spirit in the 1980s.

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Jefferson Airplane

Jefferson Airplane, a rock band based in San Francisco, California, was one of the pioneering bands of psychedelic rock.

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Jelly Roll Morton

Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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Jerry Lee Lewis

Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and pianist, often known by his nickname, The Killer.

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Jerry McCain

Jerry McCain, often billed as Jerry "Boogie" McCain (June 18, 1930 – March 28, 2012), was an American electric blues musician, best known as a harmonica player.

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Jimi Hendrix

James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

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Jimmie Rodgers (country singer)

James Charles Rodgers (September 8, 1897 – May 26, 1933), professionally Jimmie Rodgers, was an American country, blues and folk singer, songwriter and musician in the early 20th century, known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling.

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Jimmie Vaughan

Jimmie Lawrence Vaughan (born March 20, 1951, Oak Cliff, Dallas County, Texas, United States) is an American blues rock guitarist and singer based in Austin, Texas.

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Jimmy Reed

Mathis James Reed (September 6, 1925August 29, 1976) was an American blues musician and songwriter.

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Jimmy Rushing

James Andrew Rushing (August 26, 1901 – June 8, 1972) was an American blues shouter, balladeer, swing jazz singer, and pianist from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, best known as the featured vocalist of Count Basie's Orchestra from 1935 to 1948.

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Jimmy Yancey

James Edwards Yancey (February 20, 1894 or 1895 or 1901 – September 17, 1951) was an American boogie-woogie pianist, composer, and lyricist.

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Joe Bonamassa

Joe Bonamassa (born May 8, 1977) is an American blues rock guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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John Belushi

John Adam Belushi (January 24, 1949 – March 5, 1982) was an American comedian, actor, and singer.

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John Lee Hooker

John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1912 or 1917; retrieved August 22, 2017. – June 21, 2001) was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

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John Lomax

John Avery Lomax (September 23, 1867 – January 26, 1948) was an American teacher, a pioneering musicologist, and a folklorist who did much for the preservation of American folk music.

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John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers

John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers was an English blues rock band, led by singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist John Mayall, OBE.

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John Mayer

John Clayton Mayer (born October 16, 1977) is an American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer.

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John Storm Roberts

John Storm Roberts (February 24, 1936 – November 29, 2009) was a British-born, U.S.-based ethnomusicologist, writer and record producer.

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Johnny B. Goode

"Johnny B. Goode" is a 1958 rock-and-roll song written and first recorded by Chuck Berry.

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Johnny Winter

John Dawson Winter III (February 23, 1944 – July 16, 2014), known as Johnny Winter, was an American musician, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer.

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Jug band

A jug band is a band employing a jug player and a mix of conventional and homemade instruments.

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Juke joint

Juke joint (or jook joint) is the vernacular term for an informal establishment featuring music, dancing, gambling, and drinking, primarily operated by African Americans in the southeastern United States.

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Jump blues

Jump blues is an up-tempo style of blues, usually played by small groups and featuring saxophone or brass instruments.

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Jumpin' at the Woodside

"Jumpin' at the Woodside" is a song first recorded in 1938 by the Count Basie Orchestra, and considered one of the band's signature tunes.

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Junior Kimbrough

David "Junior" Kimbrough (July 28, 1930 – January 17, 1998) was an American blues musician.

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Kansas City blues

Kansas City blues is a genre of blues music.

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Kansas City metropolitan area

The Kansas City metropolitan area is a 15-county metropolitan area anchored by Kansas City, Missouri, that straddles the border between the U.S. states of Missouri and Kansas.

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Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas City is the largest city in the U.S. state of Missouri.

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Kansas Joe McCoy

Wilbur "Kansas Joe" McCoy (May 11, 1905 – January 28, 1950) was an American Delta blues singer, musician and songwriter.

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The kazoo is a musical instrument that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when the player vocalizes into it.

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Keb' Mo'

Kevin Roosevelt Moore (born October 3, 1951), known as Keb' Mo', is an American blues musician and four-time Grammy Award winner.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the group of pitches, or scale, that forms the basis of a music composition in classical, Western art, and Western pop music.

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Key to the Highway

"Key to the Highway" is a blues standard that has been performed and recorded by several blues and other artists.

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Kim Wilson

Kim Wilson (born January 6, 1951) is an American blues singer and harmonica player.

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Kokomo Arnold

James "Kokomo" Arnold (February 15, 1896 or 1901 – November 8, 1968) was an American blues musician.

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Ladder of thirds

A ladder of thirds (coined by van der Merwe 1989, adapted from Curt Sachs) is similar to the circle of fifths, though a ladder of thirds differs in being composed of thirds, major or minor, and may or may not circle back to its starting note and thus may or may not be an interval cycle.

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Lafayette County, Mississippi

Lafayette County is a county in the U.S. state of Mississippi.

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Latin music

Latin music (Portuguese and música latina) is a genre that is used by the music industry as a catch-all term for any music that comes from Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking areas of the world, namely Latin America, Spain, and Portugal, as well as music sung in either language.

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Lawrence Gellert

Lawrence Gellert, born Laslow Grünbaum, September 14, 1898, in Budapest, Hungary, died 1979 (Gellert disappeared in 1979, his exact death date is unknown), was a music collector, who, in the 1920s and 1930s, amassed a significant collection of field-recorded African-American blues and spirituals and also claimed to have documented black protest traditions in the South of the United States.

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Lead Belly

Huddie William Ledbetter (January 20, 1888 – December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the folk standards he introduced.

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Leroy Carr

Leroy Carr (March 27, 1905 – April 29, 1935) was an American blues singer, songwriter and pianist who developed a laid-back, crooning technique and whose popularity and style influenced such artists as Nat King Cole and Ray Charles.

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Level (music)

A level,van der Merwe, Peter (1989).

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Lightnin' Hopkins

Samuel John "Lightnin'" Hopkins (March 15, 1912 – January 30, 1982) was an American country blues singer, songwriter, guitarist, and occasional pianist, from Centerville, Texas.

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Lightnin' Slim

Otis Verries Hicks, known as Lightnin' Slim (March 13, 1913 – July 27, 1974), was an African-American Louisiana blues musician, who recorded for Excello Records and played in a style similar to its other Louisiana artists.

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List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits

Listed here are Billboard magazine's number-one rhythm and blues hits from 1942 to 1959.

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List of blues festivals

Blues festivals are music festivals which focus on blues music.

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List of blues genres

Blues can be categorized into a number of genres.

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List of blues musicians

Performers in the blues style range from primitive, one-chord Delta players to big bands to country music to rock and roll to classical music.

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List of blues standards

Blues standards are blues songs that have attained a high level of recognition due to being widely performed and recorded.

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List of British blues musicians

This is an incomplete list of British blues bands and musicians.

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List of films about blues music

Films dealing with blues history or prominently featuring blues music as a theme include.

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List of train songs

A train song is a song referencing passenger or freight railroads.

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Little Milton

James Milton Campbell Jr. (September 7, 1934 – August 4, 2005), better known as Little Milton, was an American blues singer and guitarist, best known for his hit records "Grits Ain't Groceries," "Walking the Back Streets and Crying," and "We're Gonna Make It.".

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Little Richard

Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known as Little Richard, is an American musician, songwriter, singer, and actor.

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Little Walter

Marion Walter Jacobs (May 1, 1930 – February 15, 1968), known as Little Walter, was an American blues musician, singer, and songwriter, whose revolutionary approach to the harmonica and impact on succeeding generations earned comparisons for him to such seminal artists as Django Reinhardt, Charlie Parker and Jimi Hendrix.

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Living Blues

Living Blues: The Magazine of the African American Blues Tradition is a bi-monthly magazine focused on blues music, and America's oldest blues periodical.

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Long Tall Sally

"Long Tall Sally" is a rock and roll 12-bar blues song written by Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Enotris Johnson, and Little Richard; recorded by Little Richard; and released in March 1956 on the Specialty Records label.

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Lonnie Johnson (musician)

Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer, guitarist, violinist and songwriter.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo, Satch, and Pops, was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz.

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Louis Jordan

Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who was popular from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.

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Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Louisiana blues

Louisiana blues is a genre of blues music that developed in the period after World War II in the state of Louisiana.

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Lucille Bogan

Lucille Bogan (April 1, 1897 – August 10, 1948) was an American singer-songwriter, among the first to be recorded.

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Lucille Hegamin

Lucille Nelson Hegamin (November 29, 1894 – March 1, 1970) was an American singer and entertainer and an early African-American blues recording artist.

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Luther Allison

Luther Allison (August 17, 1939 – August 12, 1997) was an American blues guitarist.

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Ma Rainey

"Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Pridgett, September 1882 or April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) was one of the earliest African-American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record.

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Magic Sam

Samuel Gene Maghett (February 14, 1937 – December 1, 1969), known as Magic Sam, was an American Chicago blues musician.

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Magic Slim

Morris Holt (August 7, 1937 – February 21, 2013), known as Magic Slim, was an American blues singer and guitarist.

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Major scale

The major scale (or Ionian scale) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music.

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Malaco Records

Malaco Records is an American independent record label based in Jackson, Mississippi that has been the home of various major blues and gospel acts, such as Johnnie Taylor, Bobby Bland, Z. Z. Hill, Denise LaSalle, Benny Latimore, Dorothy Moore, Little Milton, Shirley Brown, Tyrone Davis, Marvin Sease, and the Mississippi Mass Choir.

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Mamie Smith

Mamie Smith (née Robinson; May 26, c. 1883 – September 16, 1946) was an American vaudeville singer, dancer, pianist and actress.

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Manal was an Argentine rock group.

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Mandinka people

The Mandinka (also known as Mandenka, Mandinko, Mandingo, Manding or Malinke) are an African ethnic group with an estimated global population of 11 million (the other three largest ethnic groups in Africa being the unrelated Fula, Hausa and Songhai peoples).

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A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".

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Martin Scorsese

Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor and film historian, whose career spans more than 50 years.

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Marvin Sease

Marvin Monnie Sease (February 16, 1946 – February 8, 2011) - accessed February 2011 was an American blues and soul singer-songwriter known for his gospel-infused vocal style and erotic-oriented lyrics.

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MCA Inc.

MCA Inc.

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Meade Lux Lewis

Anderson Meade Lewis (September 4, 1905 – June 7, 1964), known as Meade Lux Lewis, was an American pianist and composer, noted for his playing in the boogie-woogie style.

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A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

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Memphis blues

The Memphis blues is a style of blues music created from the 1910s to the 1930s by musicians in the Memphis area, like Frank Stokes, Sleepy John Estes, Furry Lewis and Memphis Minnie.

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Memphis Jug Band

The Memphis Jug Band was an American musical group active from the mid-1920s to the late 1950s.

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Memphis Minnie

Lizzie Douglas (June 3, 1897 – August 6, 1973), known as Memphis Minnie, was a blues guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter whose recording career lasted from the 1920s to the 1950s.

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Memphis Slim

Memphis Slim (September 3, 1915 – February 24, 1988) was an American blues pianist, singer, and composer.

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Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is a city located along the Mississippi River in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee.

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Mike Bloomfield

Michael Bernard Bloomfield (July 28, 1943 – February 15, 1981) was an American guitarist and composer, born in Chicago, Illinois, who became one of the first popular music superstars of the 1960s to earn his reputation almost entirely on his instrumental prowess, since he rarely sang before 1969.

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Miles Davis

Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.

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Minor seventh

In music theory, a minor seventh is one of two musical intervals that span seven staff positions.

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Minor third

In the music theory of Western culture, a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones.

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Minstrel show

The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American form of entertainment developed in the early 19th century.

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Mississippi is a state in the Southern United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.

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Mississippi Blues Trail

The Mississippi Blues Trail was created by the Mississippi Blues Commission in 2006 to place interpretive markers at the most notable historical sites related to the birth, growth, and influence of the blues throughout (and in some cases beyond) the state of Mississippi.

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Mississippi Delta

The Mississippi Delta, also known as the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta, is the distinctive northwest section of the U.S. state of Mississippi (and small portions of Arkansas and Louisiana) which lies between the Mississippi and Yazoo Rivers.

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Mississippi Fred McDowell

Fred McDowell (January 12, 1906 – July 3, 1972), known by his stage name Mississippi Fred McDowell, was an American hill country blues singer and guitar player.

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Mississippi John Hurt

John Smith Hurt (possibly March 3, 1892 – November 2, 1966), better known as Mississippi John Hurt, was an American country blues singer and guitarist.

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Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.

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Modal frame

A modal frame in music is "a number of types permeating and unifying African, European, and American song" and melody.

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Moon Mullican

Aubrey Wilson Mullican (March 29, 1909 – January 1, 1967), known as Moon Mullican and "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players", was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and pianist.

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Muddy Waters

McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician who is often cited as the "father of modern Chicago blues".

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Music genre

A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

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Music industry

The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.

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Music of Africa

The traditional music of Africa, given the vastness of the continent, is historically ancient, rich and diverse, with different regions and nations of Africa having many distinct musical traditions.

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Musical form

The term musical form (or musical architecture) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music; it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections.

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Nat King Cole

Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American jazz pianist and vocalist.

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National Blues Museum

The National Blues Museum is a museum in St. Louis, Missouri, United States, dedicated to exploring the musical history and impact of the blues.

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New England

New England is a geographical region comprising six states of the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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New Orleans blues

New Orleans blues, is a subgenre of blues music and a variation of Louisiana blues that developed in the 1940s and 1950s in and around the city of New Orleans, rooted by the rich blues roots of the city going back generations earlier.

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Newport Folk Festival

The Newport Folk Festival is an American annual folk-oriented music festival in Newport, Rhode Island, which began in July 1959 as a counterpart to the previously established Newport Jazz Festival.

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Newton County, Georgia

Newton County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia.

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A nightclub, music club or club, is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night.

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Nighthawk Records

Nighthawk Records was an American independent record label, founded by Robert Schoenfeld who began operations in 1976 with the release of four vintage post-war blues reissue albums.

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NorthernBlues Music

NorthernBlues Music is a Canadian independent record label, which specializes in blues music.

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Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

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Okeh Records

Okeh Records is an American record label founded by the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corporation, a phonograph supplier established in 1916, which branched out into phonograph records in 1918.

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One O'Clock Jump

"One O'Clock Jump" is a jazz standard, a 12-bar blues instrumental, written by Count Basie in 1937.

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Orianthi Panagaris (born 22 January 1985), known mononymously as Orianthi, is an Australian musician, singer and songwriter known principally for rehearsing with Michael Jackson for his ill-fated This Is It concert series, and for performing in Alice Cooper's touring band.

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Origins of the blues

Little is known about the exact origin of the music now known as the blues.

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An orisha (spelled òrìṣà in the Yoruba language, and orichá or orixá in Latin America) is a spirit who reflects one of the subordinate manifestations of the supreme divinity (Olodumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba religion.

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In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English, from Latin: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, frequently at the same pitch.

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Otis Rush

Otis Rush (born April 29, 1934) is a blues guitarist and singer.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.

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Papa Charlie Jackson

Papa Charlie Jackson (November 10, 1887 – May 7, 1938) was an early American bluesman and songster who accompanied himself with a banjo guitar, a guitar, or a ukulele.

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Paramount Records

Paramount Records was an American record label known for its recordings of jazz and blues in the 1920s and early 1930s, including such artists as Ma Rainey and Blind Lemon Jefferson.

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Paul Butterfield

Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942May 4, 1987) was an American blues harmonica player and singer.

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Paul Oliver

Paul Hereford Oliver MBE (25 May 1927 – 15 August 2017) was a British architectural historian and writer on the blues and other forms of African-American music.

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The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Peggy Scott-Adams

Peggy Scott-Adams (born Peggy Stoutmeyer, June 25, 1948) is an African-American blues and R&B singer.

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Perry Bradford

Perry Bradford (February 14, 1893, Montgomery, Alabama – April 20, 1970, New York City) was an African-American composer, songwriter, and vaudeville performer.

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Pete Johnson

Pete Johnson (born Kermit H. Johnson, March 25, 1904 – March 23, 1967) was an American boogie-woogie and jazz pianist.

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The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Piano blues

Piano blues is a catch-all term for blues genres that are structured around the piano as the primary musical instrument.

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Piano Concerto No. 21 (Mozart)

The Piano Concerto No.

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Piedmont blues

Piedmont blues (also known as East Coast, or Southeastern blues) refers primarily to a guitar style, the Piedmont fingerstyle, which is characterized by a fingerpicking approach in which a regular, alternating thumb bass string rhythmic pattern supports a syncopated melody using the treble strings generally picked with the fore-finger, occasionally others.

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Pinetop Smith

Clarence Smith (June 11, 1904 – March 15, 1929), better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top Smith, was an American boogie-woogie style blues pianist.

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Pitch (music)

Pitch is a perceptual property of sounds that allows their ordering on a frequency-related scale, or more commonly, pitch is the quality that makes it possible to judge sounds as "higher" and "lower" in the sense associated with musical melodies.

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Pop music

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.

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Popular music

Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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Porteño (feminine: porteña) in Spanish is used to refer to a person who is from or lives in a port city, but it can also be used as an adjective for anything related to those port cities.

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Post–World War II economic expansion

The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of strong economic growth beginning after World War II and ending with the 1973–75 recession.

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Pow wow

A pow wow (also powwow or pow-wow) is a social gathering held by many different Native American communities.

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Professor Longhair

Henry Byrd redirects here.

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Psychedelic rock

Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs.

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Public address system

A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.

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Punk blues

Punk blues (or blues punk) is a fusion genre of punk rock and blues.

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R. L. Burnside

Robert Lee Burnside, known as R. L. Burnside (November 23, 1926 – September 1, 2005) was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

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Race record

Race records were 78-rpm phonograph records marketed to African Americans between the 1920s and 1940s.

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Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.

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Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.

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Ray Charles

Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), known professionally as Ray Charles, was an American singer-songwriter, musician, and composer.

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Río de la Plata

The Río de la Plata ("river of silver") — rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River (occasionally Plata River) in other English-speaking countries — is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers.

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Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.

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Reverend Gary Davis

Reverend Gary Davis, also Blind Gary Davis (born Gary D. Davis, April 30, 1896 – May 5, 1972), was a blues and gospel singer who was also proficient on the banjo, guitar and harmonica.

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Rhapsody in Blue

Rhapsody in Blue is a 1924 musical composition by American composer George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.

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Rhythm and blues

Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.

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Richter-tuned harmonica

The Richter-tuned harmonica, or 10-hole harmonica (in Asia) or blues harp (in America), is the most widely known type of harmonica.

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Ring shout

A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.

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Robert Cray

Robert William Cray (born August 1, 1953) is an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Robert Johnson

Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911August 16, 1938) was an American blues singer-songwriter and musician.

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Robert Wilkins

Robert Timothy Wilkins (January 16, 1896 – May 26, 1987) was an American country blues guitarist and vocalist, of African-American and Cherokee descent.

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Robert Winslow Gordon

Robert Winslow Gordon (September 2, 1888 – March 26, 1961) was educated at Harvard.

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Rock and roll

Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.

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Rock music

Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States.

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Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating back to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.

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Roman numerals

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

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Rory Gallagher

William Rory Gallagher (2 March 1948 – 14 June 1995) was an Irish blues and rock multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, and producer.

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Ruf Records

Ruf Records is a German independent record label, which was founded in 1994 by Luther Allison’s manager, Thomas Ruf, to promote Allison's career.

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Ry Cooder

Ryland Peter "Ry" Cooder (born March 15, 1947) is an American musician, songwriter, film score composer, and record producer.

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Saint Louis Blues (song)

"Saint Louis Blues" is a popular American song composed by W. C. Handy in the blues style and published in September 1914.

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Sam Cooke

Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur.

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Sam Myers

Samuel Joseph Myers (February 19, 1936 – July 17, 2006) was an American blues musician and songwriter.

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Sam Phillips

Samuel Cornelius Phillips (January 5, 1923 – July 30, 2003) was an American record producer who played an important role in the development of rock and roll during the 1950s.

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Samuel Charters

Samuel Barclay Charters IV (August 1, 1929 – March 18, 2015) was an American music historian, writer, record producer, musician, and poet.

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Samuel Coleridge-Taylor

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (15 August 18751 September 1912) was an English composer and conductor who was mixed-race; his father was a Sierra Leone Creole physician.

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San Francisco Chronicle

The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.

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Santana (band)

Santana is a Latin music and rock band formed in San Francisco, California in 1966 by Mexican-American guitarist Carlos Santana.

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Satan is an entity in the Abrahamic religions that seduces humans into sin.

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The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

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Scrapper Blackwell

Francis Hillman "Scrapper" Blackwell (February 21, 1903 – October 7, 1962) was an American blues guitarist and singer, best known as half of the guitar-piano duo he formed with Leroy Carr in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

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Second Great Migration (African American)

In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than 5 million African Americans from the South to the North, Midwest and West.

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Sent for You Yesterday

Sent for You Yesterday is a novel by the American writer John Edgar Wideman, first published in 1983 (in New York by Avon Books, and subsequently in London by Allison and Busby, 1984), set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, during the 1970s.

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Seventh chord

A seventh chord is a chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root.

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Severn Records

Severn Records is an American independent record label that concentrates on blues music.

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Shake, Rattle and Roll

"Shake, Rattle and Roll" is a twelve bar blues-form song, written in 1954 by Jesse Stone under his songwriting pseudonym of Charles E. Calhoun.

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Shanachie Records

Shanachie Records is a New Jersey-based record label founded in 1975 by Richard Nevins and Dan Collins.

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Sheet music

Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols to indicate the pitches (melodies), rhythms or chords of a song or instrumental musical piece.

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Shemekia Copeland

Charon Shemekia Copeland (born April 10, 1979) is an American electric blues vocalist.

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Shirley Brown

Shirley Brown (born January 6, 1947, West Memphis, Arkansas) is an American blues singer, best known for her million-selling single "Woman to Woman", which was nominated for a Grammy Award in 1975.

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Sir Charles Jones

Sir Charles Jones (born April 25, 1973) is an American blues and Southern soul singer.

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Sitting on Top of the World

"Sitting on Top of the World" (also "Sittin' on Top of the World") is a country blues song written by Walter Vinson and Lonnie Chatmon.

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Sixteen-bar blues

The sixteen-bar blues can be a variation on the standard twelve-bar blues or on the less common eight-bar blues.

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Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usually using a combination of manufactured and homemade or improvised instruments.

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Skip James

Nehemiah Curtis "Skip" James (June 9, 1902October 3, 1969) was an American Delta blues singer, guitarist, pianist and songwriter.

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Sleepy John Estes

John Adams Estes (January 25, 1899 or 1900 – June 5, 1977), known as Sleepy John Estes, was an American blues guitarist, songwriter and vocalist.

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Slide guitar

Slide guitar is a particular technique for playing the guitar that is often used in blues-style music.

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Slim Harpo

James Isaac Moore (January 11, 1924 – January 31, 1970), better known by his stage name Slim Harpo, was an American blues musician, a leading exponent of the swamp blues style, and "one of the most commercially successful blues artists of his day".

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Smithsonian Folkways

Smithsonian Folkways is the nonprofit record label of the Smithsonian Institution.

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Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.

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Son House

Eddie James "Son" House, Jr. (March 21, 1902His date of birth is a matter of some debate. House alleged that he was middle-aged during World War I and that he was 79 in 1965, which would make his date of birth around 1886. However, all legal records give his date of birth as March 21, 1902. – October 19, 1988) was an American delta blues singer and guitarist, noted for his highly emotional style of singing and slide guitar playing.

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Songcatcher is a 2000 drama film directed by Maggie Greenwald.

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A "songster" is a wandering musician, usually but not always African-American, of the type which first appeared in the late 19th century in the southern United States.

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Sonny Boy Williamson II

Alex or Aleck Miller (né Ford, possibly December 5, 1912 – May 24, 1965), known later in his career as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter.

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Sonny Terry

Saunders Teddell, or Saunders Terrell (or other variants, sources differ) (October 24, 1911 – March 11, 1986), known as Sonny Terry, was an American Piedmont blues and folk musician, who was known for his energetic blues harmonica style, which frequently included vocal whoops and hollers and occasionally imitations of trains and fox hunts.

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Soul blues

Soul blues is a style of blues music developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s that combines elements of soul music and urban contemporary music.

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Soul music

Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

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Sounder (film)

Sounder is a 1972 American DeLuxe Color drama film in Panavision directed by Martin Ritt, and starring Cicely Tyson, Paul Winfield, and Kevin Hooks.

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South Texas

South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of -- and sometimes including -- San Antonio.

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Southern soul

Southern soul is a type of soul music that emerged from the Southern United States.

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Southern Spaces

Southern Spaces is a peer-reviewed open-access academic journal that publishes articles, photo essays and images, presentations, and short videos about real and imagined spaces and places of the Southern United States and their connections to the wider world.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.

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Spiritual (music)

Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are generally Christian songs that were created by African Americans.

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St. Louis


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St. Louis blues (music)


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St. Martin's Press


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Steve Winwood

Stephen Lawrence Winwood (born 12 May 1948) is an English rock musician whose genres include progressive rock, blue-eyed soul, rhythm and blues, blues rock, pop rock, and jazz.

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Stevie Ray Vaughan

Stephen Ray Vaughan (October 3, 1954 – August 27, 1990) was an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer.

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String bending

String bending is a guitar technique where fretted strings are displaced by application of a force by the fretting fingers in a direction perpendicular to their vibrating length.

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Strong Persuader

Strong Persuader is the fifth studio album by American blues singer and guitarist Robert Cray.

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In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale.

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Sun Records

Sun Records is an American independent record label founded by Sam Phillips in Memphis, Tennessee in 1950.

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Supergroup (music)

A supergroup is a music group whose members have successful solo careers or are part of other groups or well known in other musical professions.

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Susan Tedeschi

Susan Tedeschi (born November 9, 1970) is an American singer and guitarist.

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Swamp blues

Swamp blues, sometimes the Excello sound, is a subgenre of blues music and a variation of Louisiana blues that developed around Baton Rouge in the 1950s and which reached a peak of popularity in the 1960s.

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Swing (jazz performance style)

In music, the term swing has two main uses.

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Swing music

Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s.

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Sylvester Weaver (musician)

Sylvester Weaver (July 25, 1896 or 1897 – April 4, 1960) was an American blues guitar player and a pioneer of country blues.

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T-Bone Walker

Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was a pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound.

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Taj Mahal (musician)

Henry Saint Clair Fredericks (born May 17, 1942), who uses the stage name Taj Mahal, is an American blues musician, a self-taught singer-songwriter and film composer who plays the guitar, piano, banjo, and harmonica, among many other instruments.

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Talking blues

Talking blues is a form of folk music and country music.

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Tampa Red

Tampa Red (January 8, 1904 – March 19, 1981), born Hudson Woodbridge but known from childhood as Hudson Whittaker, was an American Chicago blues musician.

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Tango is a partner dance which originated in the 1880s along the River Plate (Río de Plata), the natural border between Argentina and Uruguay.

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Teen idol

A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base.

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Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.

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Territory band

Territory bands were dance bands that crisscrossed specific regions of the United States from the 1920s through the 1960s.

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Texas blues

Texas blues is a style of blues music.

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Texas Flood

Texas Flood is the first studio album by the American blues rock band Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble, released on June 13, 1983 by Epic Records.

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That's All Right

"That's All Right" is a song written and originally performed by blues singer Arthur Crudup.

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The Allman Brothers Band

The Allman Brothers Band was an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida, United States, in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman (slide guitar and lead guitar) and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums).

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The Animals

The Animals are an English rhythm and blues and rock band, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne in the early 1960s.

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The Beatles

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.

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The Black Keys

The Black Keys are an American rock band formed in Akron, Ohio, in 2001.

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The Blues (film series)

The Blues is a 2003 documentary film series produced by Martin Scorsese, dedicated to the history of blues music.

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The Blues Brothers

The Blues Brothers are an American blues and soul revivalist band which was founded in 1978 by comedy actors Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live.

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The Blues Brothers (film)

The Blues Brothers is a 1980 American musical comedy film directed by John Landis.

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The Doors

The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger, and John Densmore on drums.

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The Fabulous Thunderbirds

The Fabulous Thunderbirds is an American blues rock band formed in Texas in 1974.

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The Healer (album)

The Healer is a blues album by John Lee Hooker, released in 1989.

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The J. Geils Band

The J. Geils Band was an American rock band formed in 1968, in Worcester, Massachusetts, under the leadership of guitarist John "J." Geils.

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The Memphis Blues

"The Memphis Blues" is a song described by its composer, W. C. Handy, as a "southern rag".

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The Rolling Stones

The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London, England, in 1962.

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The West Wing

The West Wing is an American serial political drama television series created by Aaron Sorkin that was originally broadcast on NBC from September 22, 1999, to May 14, 2006.

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The Yardbirds

The Yardbirds are an English rock band, formed in London in 1963.

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Theatre Owners Booking Association

Theatre Owners Booking Association, or T.O.B.A., was the vaudeville circuit for African American performers in the 1920s.

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Thomas A. Dorsey

Thomas Andrew Dorsey (July 1, 1899 – January 23, 1993) was known as "the father of black gospel music" and was at one time so closely associated with the field that songs written in the new style were sometimes known as "dorseys".

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Time signature

The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each measure (bar) and which note value is equivalent to one beat.

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Tin Pan Alley

Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is commonly used in the final cadence in tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music and traditional music.

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Torch song

A torch song is a sentimental love song, typically one in which the singer laments an unrequited or lost love, either where one party is oblivious to the existence of the other, where one party has moved on, or where a romantic affair has affected the relationship.

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Tracy Chapman

Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, known for her hits "Fast Car" and "Give Me One Reason", along with other singles "Talkin' 'bout a Revolution", "Baby Can I Hold You", "Crossroads", "New Beginning" and "Telling Stories".

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Traditional blues verses

In the folk tradition, there are many traditional blues verses that have been sung over and over by many artists.

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In music theory, the tritone is defined as a musical interval composed of three adjacent whole tones.

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Trouble in Mind (song)

"Trouble in Mind" is a vaudeville blues-style song written by jazz pianist Richard M. Jones.

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Tulsa Sound

The Tulsa Sound is a musical style that originated in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

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Turnaround (music)

In jazz, a turnaround is a passage at the end of a section which leads to the next section.

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Tutti Frutti (song)

"Tutti Frutti" (meaning "all fruits" in Italian) is a song written by Little Richard along with Dorothy LaBostrie that was recorded in 1955 and became his first major hit record.

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Tutwiler, Mississippi

Tutwiler is a town in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi, United States.

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Twelve-bar blues

The twelve-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music.

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University of Arkansas Press

The University of Arkansas Press is a scholarly press that is part of the University of Arkansas and the American Association of University Presses.

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University of Illinois Press

The University of Illinois Press (UIP) is a major American university press and is part of the University of Illinois system.

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University of Massachusetts

The University of Massachusetts is the five-campus public university system and the only public research system in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

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University of North Carolina Press

The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina.

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Unplugged (Eric Clapton album)

Unplugged is a 1992 album by Eric Clapton, recorded at Bray Studios, England in front of an audience for the MTV Unplugged.

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Vanguard Records

Vanguard Records is an American record label set up in 1950 by brothers Maynard and Seymour Solomon in New York City.

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Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.

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Vee-Jay Records

Vee-Jay Records is an American record label founded in the 1950s, located in Chicago and specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll.

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Vibrato (Italian, from past participle of "vibrare", to vibrate) is a musical effect consisting of a regular, pulsating change of pitch.

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Victor Talking Machine Company

The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American record company and phonograph manufacturer headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.

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Victoria Spivey

Victoria Regina Spivey (October 15, 1906 – October 3, 1976), sometimes known as Queen Victoria, was an American blues singer and songwriter.

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Video clip

Video clips are short clips of video, usually part of a longer recording.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso or, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field such as fine arts, music, singing, playing a musical instrument, or composition.

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W. C. Handy

William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was a composer and musician, known as the Father of the Blues.

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W. W. Norton & Company


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Walter Vinson

Walter Vinson (February 2, 1901 – April 22, 1975) was an American Memphis blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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Wang Dang Doodle

"Wang Dang Doodle" is a blues song written by Willie Dixon.

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Warren Haynes

Warren Haynes (born April 6, 1960) is an American musician, singer and songwriter.

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Washboard (musical instrument)

The washboard and frottoir (from Cajun French "frotter", to rub) are used as a percussion instrument, employing the ribbed metal surface of the cleaning device as a rhythm instrument.

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Watermelon Man (composition)

"Watermelon Man" is a jazz standard written by Herbie Hancock, first released on his debut album, Takin' Off (1962).

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Waylon Jennings

Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, and musician.

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West Coast blues

The West Coast blues is a type of blues influenced by jazz and jump blues, with strong piano-dominated sounds and jazzy guitar solos, which originated from Texas blues players who relocated to California in the 1940s.

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West Side, Chicago

The West Side is one of the three major sections of the city of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, along with the North Side and the South Side.

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What'd I Say

"What'd I Say" (or "What I Say") is an American rhythm and blues song by Ray Charles, released in 1959.

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Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On

"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" (sometimes rendered "Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On") is a song written by Dave "Curlee" Williams and usually credited to him and James Faye "Roy" Hall.

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Willie Dixon

William James Dixon (July 1, 1915January 29, 1992) was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer.

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Willie Nelson

Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, author, poet, actor, and activist.

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Wim Wenders

Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, photographer, and a major figure in New German Cinema.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

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Wolof people

The Wolof people are a West African ethnic group found in northwestern Senegal, The Gambia and southwestern coastal Mauritania.

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Work song

A work song is a piece of music closely connected to a form of work, either sung while conducting a task (usually to coordinate timing) or a song linked to a task which might be a connected narrative, description, or protest song.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Xalam (in Serer, or khalam in Wolof) is a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa.

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The xylophone (from the Greek words ξύλον—xylon, "wood" + φωνή—phōnē, "sound, voice", meaning "wooden sound") is a musical instrument in the percussion family that consists of wooden bars struck by mallets.

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Yazoo Records

Yazoo Records was an American record label founded in the late 1960s by Nick Perls.

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Yoruba religion

The Yoruba religion comprises the traditional religious and spiritual concepts and practices of the Yoruba people.

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YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.

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Z. Z. Hill

Arzell J. Hill (September 30, 1935 – April 27, 1984),Dahl, Bill.

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Zydeco (or, Zarico) is a music genre that evolved in southwest Louisiana by French Creole speakers which blends blues, rhythm and blues, and music indigenous to the Louisiana Creoles and the Native people of Louisiana.

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ZZ Top

ZZ Top is an American rock band formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas.

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ZZ Ward

ZZ Ward (born Zsuzsanna Eva Ward;Lesley McKenzie,, The Hollywood Reporter, August 28, 2015. June 2, 1986) is an American musician, singer and songwriter.

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20th century

The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000.

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20th-century music

During the 20th century there was a vast increase in the variety of music that people had access to.

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1960s blues, 1970s blues, Blue music, Blues (music), Blues Legends, Blues Music, Blues chords, Blues fusion, Blues man, Blues music, Bluesman, Bluesy, Bluezy, Contemporary blues, History of blues, History of the blues, Latin blues, The Blues, The blues, Urban blues.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues

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