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Blues is a genre and musical form that originated in African-American communities in the "Deep South" of the United States around the end of the 19th century. [1]

539 relations: A Hard Day's Night (song), Abolitionism in the United States, About.com, African American, African blues, African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68), African-American culture, African-American music, After Midnight (JJ Cale song), Akonting, Alan Lomax, Albert Ammons, Alexis Korner, Alligator Records, Alternative rock, America the Beautiful, American folk music revival, American Record Corporation, Appalachian music, Archive of Folk Culture, Aretha Franklin, Arhoolie Records, Artie Matthews, Awolnation, B.B. King, Back Door Man, Ballad, Banjo, Bar form, Barbecue Bob, Baroque music, Bass guitar, Bassline, Batman (TV series), Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Beale Street, Beat (music), Bebop, Ben Harper, Bennie Moten, Bessie Smith, Beth Hart, Bettye LaVette, Big band, Big Bill Broonzy, Big Joe Turner, Big Walter Horton, Bill Monroe, Billboard (magazine), Blind Blake, ..., Blind Boy Fuller, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Blind Willie Johnson, Blind Willie McTell, Blind Willie Walker, Blonde on Blonde, Blue note, Blue Suede Shoes, Bluebird Records, Bluegrass music, Blues ballad, Blues Brothers 2000, Blues dance, Blues Fell This Morning, Blues Hall of Fame, Blues Music Award, Blues rock, Blues scale, Blues shouter, Blues Traveler, Bo Carter, Bo Diddley, Bob Dylan, Bob Wills, Bobby Bland, Bobby Rush (musician), Boogie Chillen', Boogie-woogie, Booker T. & the M.G.'s, Brass band, Brass instrument, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, British blues, British Invasion, Buddy Guy, Cab Calloway, Cage the Elephant, Cajun, Call and response (music), Cambridge University Press, Camp meeting, Canadian blues, Canned Heat, Carl Perkins, Casey Bill Weldon, Chant, Charles Brown (musician), Charley Patton, Charlie Musselwhite, Charlie Parker, Charlie Poole, Checker Records, Chess Records, Chicago, Chicago blues, Chord (music), Chord progression, Chuck Berry, Cinderella Rockefella, Clarence Carter, Clarksdale, Mississippi, Classic female blues, Classical period (music), Clifton Chenier, Clint Eastwood, Cobra Records, Cocaine (song), Contradanza, Cornet, Cotton Club, Count Basie Orchestra, Country blues, Country music, Cream (band), Cross Road Blues, Curley Weaver, Cyclic form, Cyril Davies, Da Capo Press, Dallas Blues, Dan Aykroyd, Deep South, Degree (music), Delmark Records, Delta blues, Denise LaSalle, Depression (mood), Derek Trucks, Detroit, Detroit blues, Diatonic scale, Dick Waterman, Diddley bow, Digital recording, Dirty blues, Distortion, Dominant (music), Dominant seventh chord, Double bass, Dr. John, Drum, Duke Ellington, Earl Hines, East Coast blues, Eddy Arnold, Eight-bar blues, Electric blues, Electric guitar, Elegua, Elmore James, Elvis Presley, Emancipation Proclamation, Endless Boogie, Eric Clapton, Eric Gales, Erykah Badu, Esther Ofarim, European American, Excello Records, Fabian Forte, Facebook, Farce, Fat Possum Records, Feedback, Field holler, Fife and drum blues, Fingerstyle guitar, Flat (music), Fleetwood Mac, Folk music, Folkways Records, Frank Stokes (musician), Freddie King, Free Speech Movement, Fula people, Funk, Gary Clark, Jr., George Colman the Younger, George Gershwin, Glenn Miller, Golden Gate Quartet, Gospel music, Grace note, Grammy Award, Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album, Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album, Great Migration (African American), Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, Griot, Groove (music), Guitar, Guitar amplifier, Gus Cannon, Hank Williams, Harmonic seventh, Harmonica, Harmony, Harold Arlen, Hart Wand, Heavy metal music, Henry Thomas (blues musician), Herbie Hancock, Hill country blues, Hip hop music, Hokum, Hoochie Coochie Man, Hound Dog (song), How Long, How Long Blues, Howard W. Odum, Howlin' Wolf, Hymn, I Just Want to Make Love to You, I'm a King Bee, Igbo American, Igbo music, Igbo people, In the Mood, Isaac Watts, J. B. Lenoir, J. D. "Jay" Miller, J. T. Brown (musician), J.O.B. Records, Jack White, Jackson, Mississippi, James Brown, Janis Joplin, Jason Ricci, Jay McShann, Jazz, Jeff Baxter, Jefferson Airplane, Jelly Roll Morton, Jerry Lee Lewis, Jerry McCain, Jimi Hendrix, Jimmie Rodgers (country singer), Jimmie Vaughan, Jimmy Reed, Jimmy Rushing, Jimmy Yancey, JJ Cale, Joe Bonamassa, John Belushi, John Lee Hooker, John Lomax, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, John Storm Roberts, Johnny B. Goode, Johnny Winter, Jug band, Juke joint, Jump blues, Junior Kimbrough, Kansas City blues, Kansas City metropolitan area, Kansas City, Missouri, Kansas Joe McCoy, Kazoo, Keb' Mo', Key (music), Key to the Highway, Kokomo Arnold, Ladder of thirds, Lafayette County, Mississippi, Latin music (genre), Lawrence Cohn, Lawrence Gellert, Lead Belly, Leroy Carr, Level (music), Library of Congress, Lightnin' Hopkins, Lightnin' Slim, List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits, List of blues festivals, List of blues genres, List of blues musicians, List of blues standards, List of British blues musicians, List of films about blues music, List of train songs, Little Milton, Little Richard, Little Walter, Living Blues, Long Tall Sally, Lonnie Johnson (musician), Los Angeles, Louis Armstrong, Louis Jordan, Louisiana, Louisiana blues, Luther Allison, Ma Rainey, Magic Sam, Magic Slim, Major scale, Malaco Records, Mamie Smith, Mandinka people, Mandolin, Martin Scorsese, Marvin Sease, MCA Inc., Meade Lux Lewis, Melody, Memphis blues, Memphis Jug Band, Memphis Minnie, Memphis Slim, Memphis, Tennessee, Miles Davis, Minor seventh, Minor third, Minstrel show, Mississippi, Mississippi Blues Trail, Mississippi Fred McDowell, Mississippi John Hurt, Missouri, Modal frame, Moon Mullican, Muddy Waters, Music genre, Music of Africa, Musical form, Nat King Cole, New England, New Orleans, New Orleans blues, New York blues, Newport Folk Festival, Newton County, Georgia, Nightclub, Nighthawk Records, NorthernBlues Music, Ogg, Okeh Records, Old-time music, One O'Clock Jump, Orianthi, Origins of the blues, Orisha, Ostinato, Otis Rush, Oxford University Press, Papa Charlie Jackson, Paramount Records, Paul Butterfield, Paul Oliver, PBS, Peggy Scott-Adams, Perry Bradford, Pete Johnson, Peter van der Merwe (musicologist), Piano, Piano blues, Piano Concerto No. 21 (Mozart), Piedmont blues, Pinetop Smith, Pop music, Popular music, Post–World War II economic expansion, Pow wow, Professor Longhair, Psychedelic rock, Public address system, Punk blues, R. L. Burnside, Race record, Racism, Ragtime, Ray Charles, Reggae, Reverend Gary Davis, Rhapsody in Blue, Rhythm and blues, Ring shout, Robert Cray, Robert Johnson, Robert Wilkins, Robert Winslow Gordon, Rock and roll, Rock music, Rockabilly, Roman numerals, Rory Gallagher, Ruf Records, Ry Cooder, Saint Louis Blues (song), Sam Cooke, Sam Myers, Sam Phillips, Samuel Charters, Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, San Francisco Chronicle, Santana (band), Satan, Saxophone, Scrapper Blackwell, Second Great Migration (African American), Sent for You Yesterday, Seventh chord, Severn Records, Shake, Rattle and Roll, Shanachie Records, Sheet music, Shemekia Copeland, Shirley Brown, Sir Charles Jones, Sitting on Top of the World, Sixteen-bar blues, Skiffle, Skip James, Sleepy John Estes, Slide guitar, Slim Harpo, Smithsonian Folkways, Smithsonian Institution, Son House, Songcatcher, Songster, Sonny Boy Williamson II, Sonny Terry, Soul blues, Soul music, Sounder (film), South Texas, Southern soul, Southern Spaces, Southern United States, Spiritual (music), St. Louis, St. Louis blues (music), St. Martin's Press, Steve Winwood, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Strong Persuader, Subdominant, Sun Records, Susan Tedeschi, Swamp blues, Swing (jazz performance style), Swing music, Sylvester Weaver, T-Bone Walker, Tablature, Taj Mahal (musician), Talking blues, Tampa Red, Teen idol, Tennessee, Territory band, Texas blues, Texas Flood, That's All Right, The Allman Brothers Band, The Animals, The Black Keys, The Blues (film), The Blues Brothers, The Blues Brothers (film), The Doors, The Fabulous Thunderbirds, The Healer (album), The J. Geils Band, The Memphis Blues, The Rolling Stones, The West Wing, The Yardbirds, Theater Owners Booking Association, Thomas A. Dorsey, Time signature, Tin Pan Alley, Tonic (music), Tracy Chapman, Traditional blues verses, Tritone, Trombone, Trouble in Mind (song), Trumpet, Tulsa Sound, Turnaround (music), Tutti Frutti (song), Tutwiler, Mississippi, Twelve-bar blues, University of Arkansas Press, University of Illinois Press, University of Massachusetts, University of Michigan, University of North Carolina Press, Unplugged (Eric Clapton album), Vanguard Records, Vaudeville, Vee-Jay Records, Victor Talking Machine Company, Victoria Spivey, Video clip, Vietnam War, Virtuoso, Vocal music, W. C. Handy, W. W. Norton & Company, Walter Vinson, Wang Dang Doodle, Warren Haynes, Washboard (musical instrument), Watermelon Man (composition), Waylon Jennings, West Coast blues, West Side, Chicago, What'd I Say, Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On, Willie Dixon, Willie Nelson, Wim Wenders, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Wolof people, Work song, World War II, Xalam, Yazoo Records, Yoruba religion, YouTube, Z. Z. Hill, Zydeco, ZZ Top, ZZ Ward, 20th-century music. Expand index (489 more) »

A Hard Day's Night (song)

"A Hard Day's Night" is a song by the English rock band The Beatles.

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Abolitionism in the United States

Abolitionism in the United States was the movement of the American Civil War to end slavery, whether formal or informal, in the United States.

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About.com

About.com, also known as The About Group (formerly About Inc.), is an Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites," of which there are nearly 1,000.

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African American

African American, also referred to as Black American or Afro-American, is an ethnic group of Americans (citizens or residents of the United States) with total or partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa.

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African blues

Many scholars and ethnomusicologists point to Africa as the origins of the Blues.

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African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement, sometimes anachronistically referred to as the "African-American Civil Rights Movement" although the term "African-Americans" was not used in the 1960s, encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

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African-American culture

African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, in the United States refers to the cultural contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from American culture.

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African-American music

African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of musics and musical genres largely developed by African Americans.

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After Midnight (JJ Cale song)

"After Midnight" is a rock song by J.J. Cale from his 1966 single "Slow Motion" which was successfully covered by Eric Clapton.

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Akonting

The akonting (or ekonting in French transliteration) is the folk lute of the Jola people, found in Senegal, Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau in West Africa.

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Alan Lomax

Alan Lomax (January 31, 1915 – July 19, 2002) was an American field collector of folk music of the 20th century.

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Albert Ammons

Albert Ammons (September 23, 1907 – December 2, 1949) was an American pianist and player of boogie-woogie, a bluesy jazz style popular from the late 1930s into the mid-1940s.

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Alexis Korner

Alexis Korner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".

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Alligator Records

Alligator Records is an American, Chicago-based independent blues record label, founded by Bruce Iglauer in 1971.

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Alternative rock

Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock or simply alternative) is a genre of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became widely popular by the 1990s.

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America the Beautiful

"America the Beautiful" is an American patriotic song.

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American folk music revival

The American folk music revival was a phenomenon in the United States that began during the 1940s and peaked in popularity in the mid-1960s.

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American Record Corporation

American Record Corporation (ARC), also referred to as American Record Company, American Recording Corporation, or (erroneously) as ARC Records, was a United States based record company.

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Appalachian music

Appalachian music is the traditional music of the region of Appalachia in the Eastern United States.

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Archive of Folk Culture

The Archive of Folk Culture was founded at the U.S. Library of Congress in 1928 (originally as the Archive of American Folk Song) as a repository for American folk music.

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Aretha Franklin

Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer and musician.

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Arhoolie Records

Arhoolie Records (El Cerrito, California) is a small independent record label run by Chris Strachwitz.

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Artie Matthews

Artie Matthews (November 15, 1888 – October 25, 1958) was a songwriter, pianist, and ragtime composer.

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Awolnation

Awolnation (usually stylized as AWOLNATION) is an American electronic rock band, formed and fronted by Aaron Bruno, formerly of Under the Influence of Giants, Hometown Hero, and Insurgence.

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B.B. King

Riley B. King (September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015), known by his stage name B.B. King, was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist.

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Back Door Man

"Back Door Man" is a blues song written by Willie Dixon and recorded by Howlin' Wolf in 1960.

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Ballad

A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music.

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Banjo

The banjo is a four-, five- or (occasionally) six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head.

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Bar form

Bar form (German: die Barform or der Bar) is a musical form of the pattern AAB.

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Barbecue Bob

Robert Hicks, better known as Barbecue Bob (September 11, 1902 – October 21, 1931) was an early American Piedmont blues musician.

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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Bass guitar

The bass guitar (also called electric bass, or simply bass) is a stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers or thumb, by plucking, slapping, popping, (rarely) strumming, tapping, thumping, or picking with a plectrum, often known as a pick.

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Bassline

A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of popular music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, or traditional music, for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).

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Batman (TV series)

Batman is a 1960s American live action television series, based on the DC comic book character of the same name.

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Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Baton Rouge (French for "Red Stick", French: Bâton-Rouge) is the capital of the U.S. state of Louisiana and its second-largest city.

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Beale Street

Beale Street is a street in Downtown Memphis, Tennessee, which runs from the Mississippi River to East Street, a distance of approximately.

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Beat (music)

In music and music theory, the beat is the basic unit of time, the pulse (regularly repeating event), of the mensural level (or beat level).

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Bebop

Bebop or bop is a style of jazz characterized by a fast tempo, instrumental virtuosity and improvisation based on the combination of harmonic structure and sometimes references to the melody.

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Ben Harper

Ben Harper (born October 28, 1969) is an American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist.

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Bennie Moten

Bennie Moten (November 13, 1894 – April 2, 1935) was an American jazz pianist and band leader born in Kansas City, Missouri.

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Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith (April 15, 1894 – September 26, 1937) was an American blues singer.

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Beth Hart

Beth Hart (born January 24, 1972) is an American singer, songwriter and musician from Los Angeles, California, United States.

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Bettye LaVette

Bettye LaVette (born Betty Haskins, January 29, 1946) is an American soul singer-songwriter who made her first record at sixteen, but achieved only intermittent fame until 2005, with her album I've Got My Own Hell to Raise.

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Big band

A big band is a type of musical ensemble that originated in the United States and is associated with jazz and the Swing Era typically consisting of percussion, brass, and woodwind instruments totalling approximately 12 to 25 musicians.

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Big Bill Broonzy

Big Bill Broonzy (June 26, 1893 – August 14 or 15, 1958) was a prolific American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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Big Joe Turner

Joseph Vernon "Joe" Turner, Jr. (May 18, 1911 – November 24, 1985), best known as Big Joe Turner, was an American blues shouter from Kansas City, Missouri, United States.

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Big Walter Horton

Walter Horton, better known as Big Walter Horton or Walter "Shakey" Horton, (April 6, 1921 – December 8, 1981) was an American blues harmonica player.

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Bill Monroe

William Smith Monroe (September 13, 1911 – September 9, 1996) was an American mandolinist, singer, and songwriter who created the style of music known as bluegrass.

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Billboard (magazine)

Billboard (stylized as billboard) is an American music magazine, originally headquartered in New York City, New York and now owned by Prometheus Global Media.

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Blind Blake

Arthur "Blind" Blake (1896 – December 1, 1934) was an American blues and ragtime singer and guitarist.

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Blind Boy Fuller

Blind Boy Fuller (born Fulton Allen, July 10, 1907February 13, 1941) was an American blues guitarist and vocalist.

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Blind Lemon Jefferson

"Blind" Lemon Jefferson (born Lemon Henry Jefferson; September 24, 1893 – December 19, 1929) was an American blues and gospel singer, guitarist, and songwriter from Texas.

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Blind Willie Johnson

"Blind" Willie Johnson (January 22, 1897September 18, 1945) was a gospel blues singer and guitarist.

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Blind Willie McTell

Blind Willie McTell (born William Samuel McTier; May 5, 1898 – August 19, 1959) was a Piedmont and ragtime blues singer and guitarist.

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Blind Willie Walker

Blind Willie Walker (1896 – March 4, 1933) was an early American blues guitarist and singer, who played the Piedmont blues style.

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Blonde on Blonde

Blonde on Blonde is the seventh studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on May 16, 1966, on Columbia Records.

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Blue note

In jazz and blues, a blue note (also "worried" note) is a note that—for expressive purposes—is sung or played at a slightly different pitch than standard.

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Blue Suede Shoes

"Blue Suede Shoes" is a rock and roll standard written and first recorded by Carl Perkins in 1955 and is considered one of the first rockabilly (rock and roll) records and incorporated elements of blues, country and pop music of the time.

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Bluebird Records

Bluebird Records is a sub-label of RCA Victor originally created in 1932 to counter the American Record Company in the "3 records for a dollar" market.

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Bluegrass music

Bluegrass music is a form of American roots music, and a subgenre of country music.

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Blues ballad

The term blues ballad is used to refer to a specific form of popular music which fused Anglo-American and Afro-American styles from the late 19th century onwards.

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Blues Brothers 2000

Blues Brothers 2000 is a 1998 American musical comedy film that is a sequel to 1980's The Blues Brothers, written and produced by John Landis and Dan Aykroyd.

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Blues dance

Blues dancing is a family of historical dances that developed alongside and were danced to blues music, or the contemporary dances that are danced in that aesthetic.

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Blues Fell This Morning

Blues Fell This Morning (ISBN 0-521-37793-5) is a notable 1960 book published by Cambridge University Press and written by Paul Oliver.

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Blues Hall of Fame

The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee.

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Blues Music Award

The Blues Music Awards are awards presented by the Blues Foundation, a non-profit organization set up to foster blues heritage.

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Blues rock

Blues rock is a musical genre combining elements of blues and rock.

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Blues scale

The term blues scale refers to several different scales with differing numbers of pitches and related characteristics.

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Blues shouter

A blues shouter is a blues singer, often male, capable of singing unamplified with a band.

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Blues Traveler

Blues Traveler is a rock band, formed in Princeton, New Jersey in 1987.

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Bo Carter

Armenter Chatmon (June 30, 1893 – September 21, 1964), known as Bo Carter, was an American early blues musician.

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Bo Diddley

Bo Diddley (December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), born Ellas Otha Bates but changed to Ellas McDaniel, was an American R&B and Chicago Blues vocalist and guitarist.

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Bob Dylan

Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman, May 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, artist and writer.

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Bob Wills

James Robert "Bob" Wills (March 6, 1905 – May 13, 1975) was an American Western swing musician, songwriter, and bandleader.

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Bobby Bland

Robert Calvin "Bobby" Bland (January 27, 1930 – June 23, 2013), né Brooks, also known professionally as Bobby "Blue" Bland, was an American blues singer.

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Bobby Rush (musician)

Bobby Rush (born November 10, 1933, Homer, Louisiana, United States) is an American blues musician, composer and singer.

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Boogie Chillen'

"Boogie Chillen'" or "Boogie Chillun" is a blues song first recorded by John Lee Hooker in 1948.

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Boogie-woogie

Boogie-woogie is a musical genre that became popular during the late 1920s, but developed in African American communities in the 1870s.

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Booker T. & the M.G.'s

Booker T. & the M.G.'s is an instrumental R&B/funk band that was influential in shaping the sound of Southern soul and Memphis soul.

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Brass band

A brass band is a musical ensemble generally consisting entirely of brass instruments, most often with a percussion section.

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Brass instrument

A brass instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound by sympathetic vibration of air in a tubular resonator in sympathy with the vibration of the player's lips.

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British Academy of Film and Television Arts

The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is an independent charity that supports, develops and promotes the art forms of the moving image – film, television and games.

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British blues

British blues is a form of music derived from American blues that originated in the late 1950s and which reached its height of mainstream popularity in the 1960s, when it developed a distinctive and influential style dominated by electric guitar and made international stars of several proponents of the genre including The Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac and Led Zeppelin.

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British Invasion

The British Invasion was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom, as well as other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States, and significant to the rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.

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Buddy Guy

George "Buddy" Guy (born July 30, 1936) is an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Cab Calloway

Cabell "Cab" Calloway III (December 25, 1907 – November 18, 1994) was an American jazz singer and bandleader.

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Cage the Elephant

Cage the Elephant is an American rock band from Bowling Green, Kentucky, that formed in 2006.

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Cajun

Cajuns (les Cadiens or Les Cadiens or les Acadiens) are an ethnic group mainly living in the U.S. state of Louisiana, consisting of the descendants of Acadian exiles (French-speakers from Acadia in what are now The Maritimes of Eastern Canada).

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Call and response (music)

In music, a call and response is a succession of two distinct phrases usually played by different musicians, where the second phrase is heard as a direct commentary on or response to the first.

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Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

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Camp meeting

The camp meeting is a form of Protestant Christian religious service originating in England and Scotland as an evangelical event in association with the communion season.

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Canadian blues

Canadian blues is the blues and blues-related music (e.g., blues rock) performed by blues bands and performers in Canada.

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Canned Heat

Canned Heat is an American blues/boogie rock band that formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1965.

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Carl Perkins

Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998)Pareles. was an American singer-songwriter who recorded most notably at Sun Records Studio in Memphis, Tennessee, beginning in 1954.

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Casey Bill Weldon

William "Casey Bill" Weldon (December 10, 1909 – circa 1970) was an American country blues musician.

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Chant

A chant (from French chanter) is the rhythmic speaking or singing of words or sounds, often primarily on one or two main pitches called reciting tones.

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Charles Brown (musician)

Tony Russell "Charles" Brown (September 13, 1922 – January 21, 1999), born in Texas City, Texas was an American blues singer and pianist whose soft-toned, slow-paced blues-club style influenced the development of blues performance during the 1940s and 1950s.

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Charley Patton

Charley Patton (died April 28, 1934), also known as Charlie Patton, was an American Delta blues musician.

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Charlie Musselwhite

Charles Douglas "Charlie" Musselwhite (born January 31, 1944) is an American electric blues harmonica player and bandleader, one of the non-black bluesmen who came to prominence in the early 1960s, along with Mike Bloomfield and Paul Butterfield.

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Charlie Parker

Charles Parker, Jr. (August 29, 1920 – March 12, 1955), also known as "Yardbird" and "Bird", was an American jazz saxophonist and composer.

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Charlie Poole

Charlie Poole (March 22, 1892 – May 21, 1931) was an American old time banjo player and country musician and the leader of the North Carolina Ramblers, an American old-time string band that recorded many popular songs between 1925 to 1930.

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Checker Records

Checker Records is an inactive record label that was started in 1952 as a subsidiary to Chess Records in Chicago, Illinois.

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Chess Records

Chess Records was an American record company based in Chicago, Illinois, whose catalogue is owned currently by parent company Universal Music Group, with the catalogue managed by Geffen Records.

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Chicago

Chicago is the third most populous city in the United States.

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Chicago blues

The Chicago blues is a form of blues music indigenous to Chicago, Illinois.

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of three or more notes that is heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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Chord progression

A chord progression or harmonic progression is a series of musical chords, or chord changes that "aims for a definite goal" of establishing (or contradicting) a tonality founded on a key, root or tonic chordArnold Schoenberg, Structural Functions of Harmony, Faber and Faber, 1983, p.1-2.

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Chuck Berry

Charles Edward Anderson "Chuck" Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music.

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Cinderella Rockefella

"Cinderella Rockefella" was a novelty single written by Mason Williams and Nancy Ames, and most famously released by the Israeli duo group Esther and Abi Ofarim, a then married couple, in 1968.

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Clarence Carter

Clarence George Carter (born January 14, 1936) is a blind American blues and soul singer, musician, songwriter and record producer.

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Clarksdale, Mississippi

Clarksdale is a city in Coahoma County, Mississippi, and seat of the county.

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Classic female blues

Classic female blues was an early form of blues music, popular in the 1920s.

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Classical period (music)

The dates of the Classical period in Western music are generally accepted as being between about 1750 and 1820.

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Clifton Chenier

Clifton Chenier (June 25, 1925 – December 12, 1987), a Louisiana French-speaking native of Opelousas, Louisiana, was an eminent performer and recording artist of Zydeco, which arose from Cajun and Creole music, with R&B, jazz, and blues influences.

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Clint Eastwood

Clinton "Clint" Eastwood, Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, film director, producer, musician, and politician.

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Cobra Records

Cobra Records (together with its Artistic subsidiary) was an independent record label that operated from 1956–1959.

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Cocaine (song)

"Cocaine" is a song written and recorded in 1976 by JJ Cale, who was until then a little known country blues singer with a particular relaxed style.

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Contradanza

Contradanza (also called contradanza criolla, danza, danza criolla, or habanera) is the Spanish and Spanish-American version of the contradanse, which was an internationally popular style of music and dance in the 18th century, derived from the English country dance and adopted at the court of France.

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Cornet

The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet or French Horn, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality.

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Cotton Club

The Cotton Club was a New York City night club located first in the Harlem neighborhood on 142nd St & Lenox Ave from 1923 to 1935 and then for a brief period from 1936 to 1940 in the midtown Theater District.

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Count Basie Orchestra

The Count Basie Orchestra is a 16 to 18 piece big band, one of the most prominent jazz performing groups of the swing era, founded by Count Basie in 1935 and recording regularly from 1936.

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Country blues

Country blues (also folk blues, rural blues, backwoods blues, or downhome blues) is acoustic, mainly guitar-driven forms of the blues, that mixes blues elements with characteristics of folk.

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Country music

Country music is a genre of American popular music that originated in the Southern United States in the 1920s.

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Cream (band)

Cream were a 1960s British rock supergroup power trio consisting of bassist/singer Jack Bruce, drummer Ginger Baker, and guitarist/singer Eric Clapton.

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Cross Road Blues

"Cross Road Blues" (more commonly known as "Crossroads") is a blues song written and recorded by American blues artist Robert Johnson in 1936.

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Curley Weaver

Curley James Weaver (March 25, 1906 - September 20, 1962) was an American blues musician, also known as Slim Gordon.

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Cyclic form

Cyclic form is a technique of musical construction, involving multiple sections or movements, in which a theme, melody, or thematic material occurs in more than one movement as a unifying device.

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Cyril Davies

Cyril Davies (23 January 1932 – 7 January 1964) was a blues musician and one of the first British blues harmonica players.

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Da Capo Press

Da Capo Press is an American publishing company with headquarters in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Dallas Blues

"Dallas Blues", written by Hart Wand is an early blues tune, first published in 1912.

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Dan Aykroyd

Daniel Edward Aykroyd, (born July 1, 1952) is a Canadian American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and musician.

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Deep South

The Deep South is a descriptive category of the cultural and geographic subregions in the Southern United States.

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Degree (music)

In music theory, a scale degree is the name given to a particular note of a scale to specify its position relative to the tonic (the main note of the scale).

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Delmark Records

Delmark Records is the oldest American jazz and blues independent record label.

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Delta blues

The Delta blues is one of the earliest styles of blues music.

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Denise LaSalle

Ora Denise Allen (born July 16, 1939), known by the stage name Denise LaSalle, is an American blues and R&B/soul singer, songwriter, and record producer who, since the death of Koko Taylor, has been recognized as the "Queen of the Blues".

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Depression (mood)

Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being.

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Derek Trucks

Derek Trucks (born June 8, 1979) is an American guitarist, songwriter and founder of the Grammy Award-winning The Derek Trucks Band.

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Detroit

Detroit is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the largest city on the United States–Canada border.

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Detroit blues

Detroit blues is blues music played by musicians resident in Detroit, Michigan, particularly that played in the 1940s and 1950s.

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Diatonic scale

In music theory, a diatonic scale (or heptatonia prima) is a scale composed of seven distinct pitch classes.

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Dick Waterman

Dick Waterman (born July 14, 1935, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States) is an American writer, promoter and photographer, who has been influential in the development and recording of the blues since the 1960s.

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Diddley bow

The diddley bow is a single-stringed American instrument which influenced the development of the blues sound.

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Digital recording

In digital recording, audio signals or video signals are converted into a stream of discrete numbers, representing the changes over time in air pressure for audio, and chroma and luminance values for video, then recorded to a storage device.

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Dirty blues

Dirty blues encompasses forms of blues music that deal with socially taboo subjects, including sexual acts and/or references to drug use of some kind.

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Distortion

Distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of something, such as an object, image, sound or waveform.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Dominant seventh chord

In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.

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Double bass

The double bass is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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Dr. John

Malcolm John "Mac" Rebennack (born November 21, 1940), better known by the stage name Dr.

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Drum

The drum is a member of the percussion group of musical instruments.

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Duke Ellington

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist and bandleader of jazz orchestras.

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Earl Hines

Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines (December 28, 1903 – April 22, 1983), was an American jazz pianist and bandleader.

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East Coast blues

East Coast blues casts a wide net covering all of Piedmont blues - a style that relied on fast, virtuosic fingerpicking and added influences such as ragtime - as well as the urbanized R&B of New York blues and countless smaller regional styles.

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Eddy Arnold

Richard Edward "Eddy" Arnold (May 15, 1918 – May 8, 2008) was an American country music singer who performed for six decades.

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Eight-bar blues

In music, an eight-bar blues is a typical blues chord progression, "the second most common blues form,"Riker, Wayne (1994).

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Electric blues

Electric blues refers to any type of blues music distinguished by the use of electric amplification for musical instruments.

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Electric guitar

An electric guitar is a guitar that uses a pickup to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical impulses.

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Elegua

Elegua (also spelled Eleggua; known as Eleguá in Latin America) is an Orisha.

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Elmore James

Elmore James (January 27, 1918 – May 24, 1963) was an American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and band leader.

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Elvis Presley

Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977) was an American singer and actor.

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Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.

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Endless Boogie

Endless Boogie is a studio album by American blues musician John Lee Hooker, released in 1971 through ABC Records.

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Eric Clapton

Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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Eric Gales

Eric Gales (aka Raw Dawg) (born October 29, 1974, Memphis, Tennessee) is an American blues-rock guitarist, originally hailed as a child prodigy.

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Erykah Badu

Erykah Abi Wright (born Erica Abi Wright; February 26, 1971), better known by her stage name Erykah Badu, is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, activist, and actress.

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Esther Ofarim

Esther Ofarim (אסתר עופרים; born June 13, 1941) is an Israeli singer.

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European American

European Americans (also known as Euro-Americans) are Americans with ancestry from Europe.

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Excello Records

Excello Records was an American blues record label, started by Ernie Young in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1953 as a subsidiary of Nashboro, a gospel label.

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Fabian Forte

Fabiano Anthony Forte (born February 6, 1943), professionally known as Fabian, is an American singer and actor.

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Facebook

Facebook is an online social networking service headquartered in Menlo Park, California.

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Farce

In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant, and thus improbable.

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Fat Possum Records

Fat Possum Records is an American independent record label based in Water Valley and Oxford, Mississippi.

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Feedback

Feedback occurs when outputs of a system are routed back as inputs as part of a chain of cause-and-effect that forms a circuit or loop.

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Field holler

The field holler or field call is a mostly historical type of vocal music sung by southern labourers to accompany their work, to communicate usefully or to vent feelings.

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Fife and drum blues

Fife and drum blues is an American folk music form derived from country blues, martial music tradition, and African rhythms.

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Fingerstyle guitar

guitar_wallpaper_photo_hd_backgrounds_201_backgrounds-1024x576.jpg Fingerstyle guitar is the technique of playing the guitar by plucking the strings directly with the fingertips, fingernails, or picks attached to fingers, as opposed to flatpicking (picking individual notes with a single plectrum called a flatpick).

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Flat (music)

In music, flat, or bemolle (Italian: "soft B") means "lower in pitch".

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Fleetwood Mac

Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band formed in July 1967, in London.

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Folk music

Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival.

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Folkways Records

Folkways Records was a record label founded by Moses Asch that documented folk, world, and children's music.

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Frank Stokes (musician)

Frank Stokes (January 1, 1888 – September 12, 1955) was an American blues musician, songster, and blackface minstrel, who is considered by many musicologists to be the father of the Memphis blues guitar style.

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Freddie King

Freddie King (September 3, 1934 – December 28, 1976) was an influential American blues guitarist and singer.

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Free Speech Movement

The Free Speech Movement (FSM) was a student protest which took place during the 1964–65 academic year on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley under the informal leadership of students Mario Savio, Jack Weinberg, Michael Rossman, Brian Turner, Bettina Aptheker, Steve Weissman, Art Goldberg, Jackie Goldberg, and others.

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Fula people

The Fula people or Fulani or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw) numbering approximately 20 million people in total are one of the most widely dispersed and culturally diverse of the peoples of Africa.

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Funk

Funk is a music genre that originated in the mid- to late 1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).

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Gary Clark, Jr.

Gary Lee Clark, Jr. (born February 15, 1984) is an American guitarist and actor based in Austin, Texas.

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George Colman the Younger

George Colman (21 October 1762 – 17 October 1836), known as "the Younger", English dramatist and miscellaneous writer, was the son of George Colman "the Elder".

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George Gershwin

George Gershwin (September 26, 1898 July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist.

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Glenn Miller

Alton Glenn Miller (March 1, 1904 – missing in action December 15, 1944) was an American big band musician, arranger, composer, and bandleader in the swing era.

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Golden Gate Quartet

The Golden Gate Quartet (aka The Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet) is an American vocal group.

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Gospel music

Gospel music is a music genre in Christian music.

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Grace note

A grace note is a kind of music notation used to denote several kinds of musical ornaments, usually printed smaller to indicate that it is melodically and harmonically nonessential.

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Grammy Award

A Grammy Award (originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS) of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry.

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Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album

The Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album was awarded from 1988 to 2011.

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Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album

The Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album was awarded from 1983 to 2011.

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Great Migration (African American)

The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.

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Great Mississippi Flood of 1927

The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was the most destructive river flood in the history of the United States, with 27,000 square miles inundated up to a depth of 30 feet.

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Griot

A griot, jali or jeli (djeli or djéli in French spelling) is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and/or musician.

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Groove (music)

Groove is the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or sense of "swing" created by the interaction of the music played by a band's rhythm section (drums, electric bass or double bass, guitar, and keyboards).

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Guitar

The guitar is a popular musical instrument classified as a string instrument with anywhere from 4 to 18 strings, usually having 6.

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Guitar amplifier

A guitar amplifier (or guitar amp) is an electronic amplifier that amplifies the electrical signal from a pickup on an electric guitar, bass guitar, or acoustic guitar so that it can produce sound through a loudspeaker, which is typically housed in a wooden cabinet.

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Gus Cannon

Gus Cannon (September 12, 1883 – October 15, 1979) was an American blues musician who helped to popularize jug bands (such as his own Cannon's Jug Stompers) in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Hank Williams

Hiram King "Hank" Williams, Sr. (September 17, 1923 – January 1, 1953) was an American singer-songwriter and musician.

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Harmonic seventh

The harmonic seventh interval, also known as the septimal minor seventh, or subminor seventh, is one with an exact 7:4 ratioAndrew Horner, Lydia Ayres (2002).

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Harmonica

The harmonica, also French harp, and mouth organ, is a free reed wind instrument used worldwide in many musical genres, notably in blues, American folk music, classical music, jazz, country, and rock and roll.

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Harmony

In music, harmony is the use of simultaneous pitches (tones, notes), or chords.

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Harold Arlen

Harold Arlen (February 15, 1905 – April 23, 1986) was an American composer of popular music, having written over 500 songs, a number of which have become known worldwide.

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Hart Wand

Hart A. Wand (March 3, 1887 – August 9, 1960), was an American early fiddler and bandleader from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, he was of German extraction.In the musical world he is chiefly noted for publishing the "Dallas Blues" in March 1912 (copyrighted in September).

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Heavy metal music

Heavy metal is a genre of rock music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s, largely in the United Kingdom and the United States.

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Henry Thomas (blues musician)

Henry Thomas (18741930) was an American country blues singer, songster and musician, who enjoyed a brief recording career in the late 1920s which has latterly been influential.

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Herbie Hancock

Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader and composer.

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Hill country blues

Hill country blues (also known as North Mississippi hill country blues or North Mississippi blues) is a regional style of country blues.

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Hip hop music

Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.

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Hokum

Hokum is a particular song type of American blues music—a humorous song which uses extended analogies or euphemistic terms to make sexual innuendos.

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Hoochie Coochie Man

"Hoochie Coochie Man" (originally titled "I'm Your Hoochie Cooche Man") is a blues standard written by Willie Dixon and first recorded by Muddy Waters in 1954.

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Hound Dog (song)

"Hound Dog" is a twelve-bar blues song by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller.

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How Long, How Long Blues

"How Long, How Long Blues" (also known as "How Long Blues" or "How Long How Long") is a blues song recorded by the American blues duo Leroy Carr and Scrapper Blackwell in 1928.

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Howard W. Odum

Howard Washington Odum (May 24, 1884 near Bethlehem, Georgia – November 8, 1954 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina) was an American sociologist.

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Howlin' Wolf

Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), known as Howlin' Wolf, was an African-American Chicago blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player, from Mississippi.

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Hymn

A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praising GOD, adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification.

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I Just Want to Make Love to You

I Just Want to Make Love to You is a 1954 blues song written by Willie Dixon, first recorded by Muddy Waters, and released as Just Make Love to Me (Chess 1571).

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I'm a King Bee

"I'm a King Bee" is a swamp blues song that has been performed and recorded by numerous blues and other artists.

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Igbo American

Igbo Americans, or Americans of Igbo ancestry, (Ṇ́dị́ Ígbò n'Emerịkà) are residents of the United States who identity as having Igbo ancestry from modern day Nigeria.

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Igbo music

Igbo music (Igbo: Egwu nkwa ndi Igbo) is the music of the Igbo people, who are indigenous to the southeastern part of Nigeria.

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Igbo people

The Igbo people, historically spelled "Ibo", are an ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria.

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In the Mood

"In the Mood" is a big band-era #1 hit recorded by American bandleader Glenn Miller.

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Isaac Watts

Isaac Watts (17 July 1674 – 25 November 1748) was an English Christian hymnwriter, theologian and logician.

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J. B. Lenoir

J.

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J. D. "Jay" Miller

Joseph Denton "Jay" Miller (May 5, 1922 Iota, Louisiana - March 23, 1996 Lafayette, Louisiana) was an American record producer, musician and songwriter from Crowley, Louisiana whose Cajun, swamp blues, and swamp pop recordings made an impact on American popular culture.

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J. T. Brown (musician)

J.

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J.O.B. Records

J.O.B. Records was an American, Chicago based independent record label, founded by businessman Joe Brown and bluesman St. Louis Jimmy Oden in 1949.

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Jack White

Jack White (born John Anthony Gillis; July 9, 1975) is an American musician, record producer, and occasional actor.

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Jackson, Mississippi

Jackson is the capital of and the largest city in the state of Mississippi.

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James Brown

James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer and dancer.

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Janis Joplin

Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 – October 4, 1970) was a US singer-songwriter who first rose to fame in the late 1960s as the lead singer of the psychedelic/acid rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, and later as a solo artist with her own backing groups, The Kozmic Blues Band and The Full Tilt Boogie Band.

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Jason Ricci

Jason Ricci (born February 3, 1974) is an American harmonica player and singer.

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Jay McShann

James Columbus "Jay" McShann (January 12, 1916 – December 7, 2006) was a jump blues, mainstream jazz, and swing bandleader, pianist and singer.

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Jazz

Jazz is a genre of music that originated in African American communities in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Jeff Baxter

Jeffrey Allen "Skunk" Baxter (born December 13, 1948) is an American guitarist, known for his stints in the rock bands Steely Dan and The Doobie Brothers during the 1970s and Spirit in the 1980s.

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Jefferson Airplane

Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band formed in San Francisco, California, in 1965.

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Jelly Roll Morton

Ferdinand Joseph LaMothe (October 20, 1890 – July 10, 1941), known professionally as Jelly Roll Morton, was an American ragtime and early jazz pianist, bandleader and composer who started his career in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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Jerry Lee Lewis

Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and pianist, who is often known by his nickname of The Killer and is often viewed as "rock & roll's first great wild man." As an early pioneer of rock and roll music, in 1956 Lewis made his first recordings at Sun Records in Memphis.

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Jerry McCain

Jerry McCain, often billed as Jerry "Boogie" McCain (June 18, 1930 – March 28, 2012), was an American electric blues musician, best known as a harmonica player.

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Jimi Hendrix

James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American rock guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

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Jimmie Rodgers (country singer)

James Charles "Jimmie" Rodgers (September 8, 1897 – May 26, 1933) was an American country singer in the early 20th century, known most widely for his rhythmic yodeling.

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Jimmie Vaughan

Jimmie Lawrence Vaughan (born March 20, 1951, Dallas County, Texas, United States) is an American blues rock guitarist and singer based in Austin, Texas.

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Jimmy Reed

Mathis James "Jimmy" Reed (September 6, 1925 – August 29, 1976) was an American blues musician and songwriter, notable for bringing his distinctive style of blues to mainstream audiences.

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Jimmy Rushing

James Andrew Rushing (August 26, 1901 – June 8, 1972), known as Jimmy Rushing, was an American blues shouter, balladeer, and swing jazz singer from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, best known as the featured vocalist of Count Basie's Orchestra from 1935 to 1948.

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Jimmy Yancey

James Edwards "Jimmy" Yancey (February 20, 1894 – September 17, 1951) was an African American boogie-woogie pianist, composer, and lyricist.

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JJ Cale

John Weldon Cale (December 5, 1938 – July 26, 2013), professionally known as J.J. Cale, was an American singer-songwriter, recording artist and influential guitar stylist.

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Joe Bonamassa

Joe Bonamassa (born May 8, 1977) is an American blues rock musician, singer and songwriter.

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John Belushi

John Adam Belushi (January 24, 1949 – March 5, 1982) was an American comedian, actor, and musician.

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John Lee Hooker

John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1917 – June 21, 2001) was an American blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.

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John Lomax

John Avery Lomax (September 23, 1867 – January 26, 1948) was an American teacher, a pioneering musicologist and folklorist who did much for the preservation of American folk songs.

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John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers

John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers are a pioneering English blues band, led by singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist John Mayall, OBE.

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John Storm Roberts

John Storm Roberts (February 24, 1936 – November 29, 2009) was a British-born, U.S.-based ethnomusicologist, writer and record producer.

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Johnny B. Goode

"Johnny B. Goode" is a 1958 rock and roll song written and originally performed by Chuck Berry.

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Johnny Winter

John Dawson Winter III (February 23, 1944 – July 16, 2014), known as Johnny Winter, was an American musician, singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and producer.

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Jug band

A jug band is a band employing a jug player and a mix of traditional and home-made instruments.

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Juke joint

Juke joint (or jook joint) is the vernacular term for an informal establishment featuring music, dancing, gambling, and drinking, primarily operated by African American people in the southeastern United States.

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Jump blues

Jump blues is an up-tempo blues usually played by small groups and featuring horns.

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Junior Kimbrough

David "Junior" Kimbrough (July 28, 1930 – January 17, 1998) was an American blues musician.

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Kansas City blues

Kansas City blues is a genre of blues music.

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Kansas City metropolitan area

Kansas City (KC) is a fourteen-county metropolitan area, anchored by Kansas City, Missouri, that spans the border between the U.S. states of Missouri and Kansas.

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Kansas City, Missouri

Kansas City, or K.C., is the largest city in the state of Missouri.

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Kansas Joe McCoy

Kansas Joe McCoy (May 11, 1905 – January 28, 1950) was an American Delta blues musician and songwriter.

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Kazoo

The kazoo is a musical instrument that adds a "buzzing" timbral quality to a player's voice when the player vocalizes into it.

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Keb' Mo'

Keb' Mo' (born Kevin Moore, October 3, 1951) is a three-time American Grammy Award-winning blues musician.

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Key (music)

In music theory, the key of a piece is the tonic note and chord which gives a subjective sense of arrival and rest.

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Key to the Highway

"Key to the Highway" is a blues standard that has been performed and recorded by several blues and other artists.

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Kokomo Arnold

Kokomo Arnold (February 15, 1901 – November 8, 1968) was an American blues musician.

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Ladder of thirds

A ladder of thirds (coined by van der Merwe 1989, adapted from Curt Sachs) is similar to the circle of fifths, though a ladder of thirds differs in being composed of thirds, major or minor, and may or may not circle back to its starting note and thus may or may not be an interval cycle.

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Lafayette County, Mississippi

Lafayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi.

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Latin music (genre)

"Latin music" (Musica latina in Spanish and Portuguese) is a catch-all term used by the music industry to described any music in Spanish mainly from Latin America and Spain regardless of genre.

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Lawrence Cohn

Lawrence Cohn is best known as one of the creators of Legacy Recordings, a branch of Sony Music Entertainment and as the originator and producer of the Roots 'N' Blues series.

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Lawrence Gellert

Lawrence Gellert, born Laslow Grünbaum, September 14, 1898, in Budapest, Hungary, died 1979 (Gellert disappeared in 1979, his exact death date is unknown), was a music collector, who, in the 1920s and 1930s, amassed a significant collection of field-recorded African-American blues and spirituals and also claimed to have documented black protest traditions in the South of the United States.

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Lead Belly

Huddie William Ledbetter (January 20, 1888 – December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician notable for his strong vocals, virtuosity on the twelve-string guitar, and the songbook of folk standards he introduced.

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Leroy Carr

Leroy Carr (March 27, 1905 – April 29, 1935) was an American blues singer, songwriter and pianist who developed a laid-back, crooning technique and whose popularity and style influenced such artists as Nat King Cole and Ray Charles.

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Level (music)

A level,van der Merwe, Peter (1989).

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Library of Congress

The Library of Congress is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress, but which is the de facto national library of the United States.

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Lightnin' Hopkins

Sam John Hopkins (March 15, 1912 – January 30, 1982), better known as Lightnin’ Hopkins, was an American country blues singer, songwriter, guitarist and occasional pianist, from Houston, Texas.

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Lightnin' Slim

Lightnin' Slim (March 13, 1913 - July 27, 1974) was an African-American Louisiana blues musician, who recorded for Excello Records and played in a style similar to its other Louisiana artists.

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List of Billboard number-one rhythm and blues hits

Listed here are Billboard magazine's number-one rhythm and blues hits from 1942–1959.

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List of blues festivals

The following is an incomplete list of blues festivals, which encapsulates music festivals focused on blues.

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List of blues genres

Blues can be categorized into a number of genres.

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List of blues musicians

Performers in the blues style range from primitive, one-chord Delta players to big bands to country music to rock and roll to classical music.

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List of blues standards

Blues standards are blues songs that have attained a high level of recognition due to being widely performed and recorded.

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List of British blues musicians

This is an incomplete list of British blues bands and musicians.

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List of films about blues music

Films dealing with blues history or prominently featuring blues music as a theme include.

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List of train songs

A train song is a song referencing passenger or freight railroads.

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Little Milton

James Milton Campbell, Jr. (September 7, 1934 – August 4, 2005), better known as Little Milton, was an American blues singer and guitarist, best known for his hit records "Grits Ain't Groceries," "Walking the Back Streets and Crying," and "We're Gonna Make It.".

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Little Richard

Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), known by his stage name Little Richard, is an American recording artist, songwriter and musician.

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Little Walter

Marion Walter Jacobs (May 1, 1930 – February 15, 1968), known as Little Walter, was an American blues musician and singer, whose revolutionary approach to the harmonica earned him comparisons to seminal virtuosos Django Reinhardt, Charlie Parker and Jimi Hendrix,Glover, Dirks, & Gaines.

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Living Blues

Living Blues: The Magazine of the African American Blues Tradition is a bi-monthly magazine focused on blues music, and America's oldest blues periodical.

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Long Tall Sally

"Long Tall Sally" is a rock and roll 12-bar blues song written by Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Enotris Johnson, and Richard Penniman (known as "Little Richard"); recorded by Little Richard; and released in March 1956 on the Specialty Records label.

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Lonnie Johnson (musician)

Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer/guitarist, violinist and songwriter who pioneered the role of jazz guitar and jazz violin, and is recognized as the first to play an electrically-amplified violin.

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Los Angeles

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.

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Louis Armstrong

Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo or Pops, was an American jazz trumpeter, singer, and one of the pivotal and most influential figures in jazz music.

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Louis Jordan

Louis Thomas Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s.

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Louisiana

Louisiana (or; État de Louisiane,; Louisiana Creole: Léta de la Lwizyàn) is a state located in the southern region of the United States.

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Louisiana blues

Louisiana blues is a genre of blues music that developed in the period after World War II in the state of Louisiana.

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Luther Allison

Luther Allison (August 17, 1939 – August 12, 1997) was an American blues guitarist.

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Ma Rainey

"Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett; c. April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) was one of the earliest known American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of such singers to record.

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Magic Sam

Samuel "Magic Sam" Gene Maghett (February 14, 1937 – December 1, 1969) was an American Chicago blues musician.

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Magic Slim

Morris Holt (August 7, 1937 – February 21, 2013), known as Magic Slim, was an American blues singer and guitarist.

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Major scale

The major scale or Ionian scale is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music.

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Malaco Records

Malaco Records is an American independent record label based in Jackson, Mississippi that has been the home of various major blues and gospel acts, such as Johnnie Taylor, Bobby Bland, Z. Z. Hill, Denise LaSalle, Benny Latimore, Dorothy Moore, Little Milton, Shirley Brown, Marvin Sease, and the Mississippi Mass Choir.

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Mamie Smith

Mamie Smith (née Robinson; May 26, 1883 – September 16, 1946) was an American vaudeville singer, dancer, pianist and actress, who appeared in several films late in her career.

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Mandinka people

The Mandinka, Malinke (also known as Mandinko or Mandingo) is a West African ethnic group with an estimated global population of eleven million (the other three major ethnic groups in the region being the non-related Fula, Hausa and Songhai).

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Mandolin

A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".

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Martin Scorsese

Martin Charles Scorsese (born November 17, 1942) is an American director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and film historian, whose career spans more than 45 years.

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Marvin Sease

Marvin Sease (February 16, 1946 – February 8, 2011) - accessed February 2011 was an American blues and soul singer-songwriter known for his gospel-infused vocal style and erotic-oriented lyrics.

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MCA Inc.

MCA, Inc.

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Meade Lux Lewis

Meade "Lux" Lewis (born Meade Anderson Lewis; September 1905 – June 7, 1964) was an American pianist and composer, noted for his work in the boogie-woogie style.

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Melody

A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

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Memphis blues

The Memphis blues is a style of blues music that was created in the 1910s – 1930s by Memphis-area musicians like Frank Stokes, Sleepy John Estes, Furry Lewis and Memphis Minnie.

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Memphis Jug Band

The Memphis Jug Band was an American musical group active from the mid-1920s through the late 1950s.

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Memphis Minnie

Lizzie Douglas (June 3, 1897 – August 6, 1973), known as Memphis Minnie, was a blues guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter whose recording career lasted from the 1920s to the 1950s.

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Memphis Slim

Memphis Slim (September 3, 1915 – February 24, 1988) was an American blues pianist, singer, and composer.

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Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is a city in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the county seat of Shelby County.

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Miles Davis

Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.

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Minor seventh

In classical music from Western culture, a seventh is a musical interval encompassing seven staff positions, and the minor seventh is one of two commonly occurring sevenths.

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Minor third

In the music theory of Western culture, a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones.

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Minstrel show

The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was a US form of entertainment developed in the 19th century of comic skits, variety acts, dancing, and music, performed by white people in blackface or, especially after the U.S. Civil War, by black people.

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Mississippi

Mississippi is a state located in the Southern United States.

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Mississippi Blues Trail

The Mississippi Blues Trail was created by the Mississippi Blues Commission in 2006 to place interpretive markers at the most notable historical sites related to the birth, growth and influence of the blues throughout (and in some cases beyond) the state of Mississippi.

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Mississippi Fred McDowell

Fred McDowell (January 12, 1904 – July 3, 1972) known by his stage name; Mississippi Fred McDowell, was an American Hill country blues singer and guitar player.

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Mississippi John Hurt

John Smith Hurt, better known as Mississippi John Hurt (July 3, 1893 or March 8, 1892 — November 2, 1966) was an American country blues singer and guitarist.

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Missouri

Missouri (see pronunciations) is a state located in the Midwestern United States.

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Modal frame

A modal frame in music is one of "a number of types permeating and unifying African, European, and American song" and melody.

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Moon Mullican

Aubrey Wilson Mullican (March 29, 1909 – January 1, 1967), known as Moon Mullican, and "King of the Hillbilly Piano Players", was an American country and western singer, songwriter, and pianist.

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Muddy Waters

McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known by his stage name Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician.

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Music genre

A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions.

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Music of Africa

Given the vastness of the continent, the traditional music of Africa is historically ancient, rich, and diverse, with the different regions and nations of Africa having distinct musical traditions.

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Musical form

The term musical form (or musical architecture) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music, and it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections.

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Nat King Cole

Nathaniel Adams Coles (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known professionally as Nat King Cole, was an American singer who first came to prominence as a leading jazz pianist.

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New England

New England is a region which comprises six states of the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

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New Orleans

New Orleans (or; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.

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New Orleans blues

New Orleans blues, is a subgenre of blues music and a variation of Louisiana blues that developed in the 1940s and 1950s in and around the city of New Orleans, rooted by the rich blues roots of the city going back generations earlier.

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New York blues

The New York blues is a type of blues music, produced in New York City.

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Newport Folk Festival

The Newport Folk Festival is an American annual folk-oriented music festival in Newport, Rhode Island, which began in 1959 as a counterpart to the previously established Newport Jazz Festival.

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Newton County, Georgia

Newton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia.

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Nightclub

A nightclub (also known as a discothèque, disco, dance club or club) is an entertainment venue which usually operates late into the night.

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Nighthawk Records

Nighthawk Records was an American independent record label, founded by Robert Schoenfeld who began operations in 1976 with the release of four vintage post-war blues reissue albums.

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NorthernBlues Music

NorthernBlues Music is a Canadian independent record label, which specializes in blues music.

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Ogg

Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.

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Okeh Records

Okeh Records began as the Otto Heinemann Phonograph Corp., a phonograph supplier, in 1916, branching out into phonograph records in 1918.

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Old-time music

Old-time music is a genre of North American folk music.

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One O'Clock Jump

"One O'Clock Jump" is a jazz standard, a 12-bar blues instrumental, written by Count Basie in 1937.

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Orianthi

Orianthi Panagaris (born 22 January 1985), known professionally as Orianthi, is an Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist.

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Origins of the blues

Little is known about the exact origin of the music now known as the blues.

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Orisha

An orisha (spelled orichá or orixá in Latin America) is a spirit that reflects one of the manifestations of God (Eledumare, Olorun, Olofi) in Yoruba religion.

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Ostinato

In music, an ostinato (derived from Italian: stubborn, compare English: 'obstinate') is a motif or phrase that persistently repeats in the same musical voice, usually at the same pitch.

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Otis Rush

Otis Rush (born April 29, 1935) is a blues musician, singer and guitarist.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Papa Charlie Jackson

Papa Charlie Jackson (November 10, 1887 – May 7, 1938) was an early American bluesman and songster who accompanied himself with a banjo guitar, a guitar, or a ukulele.

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Paramount Records

Paramount Records was an American record label, best known for its recordings of African-American jazz and blues in the 1920s and early 1930s, including such artists as Ma Rainey and Blind Lemon Jefferson.

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Paul Butterfield

Paul Vaughn Butterfield (December 17, 1942 – May 4, 1987) was an American blues singer and harmonica player.

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Paul Oliver

Paul Oliver (born Paul Hereford Oliver, 25 May 1927, Nottingham, England) is a British architectural historian and writer on the blues and other forms of African-American music.

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PBS

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

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Peggy Scott-Adams

Peggy Scott-Adams (born Peggy Stoutmeyer, June 25, 1948) is an African-American soul and R&B singer.

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Perry Bradford

Perry Bradford (14 February 1893, Montgomery, Alabama – 20 April 1970, New York City) was an African-American composer, songwriter, and vaudeville performer.

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Pete Johnson

Pete Johnson (March 25, 1904 – March 23, 1967) was an American boogie-woogie and jazz pianist.

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Peter van der Merwe (musicologist)

Peter van der Merwe was born in Cape Town, South Africa.

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Piano

The piano (an abbreviation of pianoforte) is a musical instrument played using a keyboard.

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Piano blues

Piano blues is a variety of blues styles that are structured around the piano as the primary musical instrument.

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Piano Concerto No. 21 (Mozart)

The Piano Concerto No.

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Piedmont blues

Piedmont blues (also known as East Coast, or Southeastern blues) refers primarily to a guitar style, the Piedmont fingerstyle, which is characterized by a fingerpicking approach in which a regular, alternating thumb bass string rhythmic pattern supports a syncopated melody using the treble strings generally picked with the fore-finger, occasionally others.

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Pinetop Smith

Clarence Smith, better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top Smith (June 11, 1904 – March 15, 1929) was an American boogie-woogie style blues pianist.

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Pop music

Pop music (a term that originally derives from an abbreviation of "popular") is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the Western world during the 1950s and 1960s, deriving from rock and roll.

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Popular music

The term popular music belongs to any of a number of musical genres "having wide appeal" and typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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Post–World War II economic expansion

The post–World War II economic expansion, also known as the postwar economic boom, the long boom, and the Golden Age of Capitalism, was a period of economic prosperity in the mid-20th century which occurred, following the end of World War II in 1945, and lasted until the early 1970s.

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Pow wow

A pow wow (also powwow or pow-wow) is a social gathering held by many different Native American communities.

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Professor Longhair

Henry Roeland "Roy" Byrd (December 19, 1918 – January 30, 1980), better known as Professor Longhair, was a New Orleans blues singer and pianist.

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Psychedelic rock

Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that is inspired or influenced by psychedelic culture and attempts to replicate and enhance the mind-altering experiences of psychedelic drugs.

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Public address system

A public address system (PA system) is an electronic sound amplification and distribution system with a microphone, amplifier and loudspeakers, used to allow a person to address a large public, for example for announcements of movements at large and noisy air and rail terminals or at a sports stadium.

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Punk blues

Punk blues (or blues punk) is a fusion genre of punk rock and blues.

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R. L. Burnside

Not to be confused with R. H. Burnside, stage director. R. L. Burnside (November 23, 1926 – September 1, 2005) was an American blues singer, songwriter, and guitarist who lived much of his life in and around Holly Springs, Mississippi.

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Race record

Race records were 78 rpm phonograph records marketed to African Americans during the 1920s through the early 1940s.

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Racism

Racism consists of ideologies and practices that seek to justify, or cause, the unequal distribution of privileges, rights, or goods amongst, or otherwise exhibit hatred or prejudice towards, different racial groups.

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Ragtime

Ragtime – also spelled rag-time or rag time – is a musical genre that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1895 and 1918.

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Ray Charles

Ray Charles Robinson (September 23, 1930 – June 10, 2004), professionally known as Ray Charles, was an American singer, songwriter, musician and composer.

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Reggae

Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.

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Reverend Gary Davis

Reverend Gary Davis, also Blind Gary Davis, (April 30, 1896 – May 5, 1972) was a blind African American blues and gospel singer and guitarist, who was also proficient on the banjo guitar and harmonica.

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Rhapsody in Blue

Rhapsody in Blue is a 1924 musical composition by American composer George Gershwin for solo piano and jazz band, which combines elements of classical music with jazz-influenced effects.

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Rhythm and blues

Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B or RnB, is a genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s.

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Ring shout

A shout or ring shout is an ecstatic, transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States, in which worshipers move in a circle while shuffling and stomping their feet and clapping their hands.

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Robert Cray

Robert Cray (born August 1, 1953, Columbus, Georgia, United States) is an American blues guitarist and singer.

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Robert Johnson

Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) was an American singer-songwriter and musician.

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Robert Wilkins

Robert Timothy Wilkins (January 16, 1896 – May 26, 1987) was an American country blues guitarist and vocalist, of African American and Cherokee descent.

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Robert Winslow Gordon

Robert Winslow Gordon (born September 2, 1888), educated at Harvard, he joined the English faculty at the University of California at Berkeley in 1918.

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Rock and roll

Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s,Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992), ISBN 0-571-12939-0.

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Rock music

Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States.

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Rockabilly

Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating to the early 1950s in the United States, especially the South.

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Roman numerals

Roman numerals, the numeric system used in ancient Rome, employs combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet to signify values.

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Rory Gallagher

William Rory Gallagher (2 March 1948 – 14 June 1995) was an Irish blues and rock multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, and bandleader.

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Ruf Records

Ruf Records is a German independent record label, which was founded in 1994 by Luther Allison’s manager, Thomas Ruf, to promote Allison's career.

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Ry Cooder

Ryland Peter "Ry" Cooder (born March 15, 1947) is an American musician, songwriter, film score composer, and record producer.

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Saint Louis Blues (song)

"Saint Louis Blues" is a popular American song composed by W. C. Handy in the blues style.

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Sam Cooke

Samuel Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), professionally known as Sam Cooke, was an American recording artist, singer-songwriter and entrepreneur generally considered among the greatest of all time.

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Sam Myers

Sam Myers (February 19, 1936 – July 17, 2006) was an American blues musician and songwriter.

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Sam Phillips

Samuel Cornelius "Sam" Phillips (January 5, 1923 – July 30, 2003) was an American musician, businessman, record executive, music producer, and disc-jockey, who played an important role in the emergence and development of rock and roll and rockabilly as the major form of popular music in the 1950s.

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Samuel Charters

Samuel Barclay Charters IV (August 1, 1929 – March 18, 2015) was an American music historian, writer, record producer, musician, and poet.

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Samuel Coleridge-Taylor

Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (15 August 18751 September 1912) was an English composer of Creole descent who achieved such success that he was once called the "African Mahler".

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San Francisco Chronicle

1906 earthquake and fire The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, but distributed throughout the state from the Sacramento area and Emerald Triangle south to Santa Barbara County.

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Santana (band)

Santana are a Latin rock band formed in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Mexican guitarist Carlos Santana.

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Satan

Satan (Hebrew: שָּׂטָן satan, meaning "adversary";http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/13219-satan "Term used in the Bible with the general connotation of "adversary", being applied (1) to an enemy in war (I Kings v. 18; xi. 14, 23, 25), from which use is developed the concept of a traitor in battle (I Sam. xxix. 4); (2) to an accuser before the judgment-seat (Ps. cix. 6); and (3) to any opponent (II Sam. xix. 23). The word is likewise used to denote an antagonist who puts obstacles in the way, as in Num. xxii. 32, where the angel of God is described as opposing Balaam in the guise of a satan or adversary; so that the concept of Satan as a distinct being was not then known." Arabic: شيطان shaitan, meaning; "astray", "distant", or sometimes "devil") is a figure appearing in the texts of the Abrahamic religions who brings evil and temptation, and is known as the deceiver who leads humanity astray.

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Saxophone

The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments.

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Scrapper Blackwell

Francis Hillman "Scrapper" Blackwell (February 21, 1903 – October 7, 1962) was an American blues guitarist and singer; best known as half of the guitar-piano duo he formed with Leroy Carr in the late 1920s and early 1930s, he was an acoustic single-note picker in the Chicago blues and Piedmont blues style, with some critics noting that he veered towards jazz.

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Second Great Migration (African American)

In the context of the 20th-century history of the United States, the Second Great Migration was the migration of more than five million African Americans from the South to the North, Midwest and West.

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Sent for You Yesterday

Sent for You Yesterday is a novel by the American writer John Edgar Wideman set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania during the 1970s.

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Seventh chord

A seventh chord is a chord consisting of a triad plus a note forming an interval of a seventh above the chord's root.

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Severn Records

Severn Records is an American independent record label that concentrates on blues music.

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Shake, Rattle and Roll

"Shake, Rattle and Roll" is a twelve bar blues-form rock and roll song, written in 1954 by Jesse Stone under his assumed songwriting name Charles E. Calhoun.

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Shanachie Records

Shanachie Records was founded in 1975 by Richard Nevins and Dan Collins.

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Sheet music

Sheet music is a handwritten or printed form of music notation that uses modern musical symbols.

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Shemekia Copeland

Shemekia Copeland (born April 10, 1979) is an American electric blues vocalist.

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Shirley Brown

Shirley Brown (born January 6, 1947, West Memphis, Arkansas) is an American soul singer, best known for her million-selling single "Woman to Woman", which was nominated for a Grammy Award in 1975.

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Sir Charles Jones

Sir Charles Jones is an American blues and Southern Soul singer.

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Sitting on Top of the World

"Sitting on Top of the World" (also rendered as "Sittin' on Top of the World") is a folk-blues song written by Walter Vinson and Lonnie Chatmon, core members of the Mississippi Sheiks, a popular country blues band of the 1930s.

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Sixteen-bar blues

The sixteen-bar blues can be a variation on the standard twelve-bar blues or on the less common eight-bar blues.

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Skiffle

Skiffle is a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and roots influences, usually using homemade or improvised instruments.

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Skip James

Nehemiah Curtis "Skip" James (June 9, 1902 – October 3, 1969) was an American Delta blues singer, guitarist, pianist and songwriter.

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Sleepy John Estes

John Adam Estes (January 25, 1899 – June 5, 1977), best known as Sleepy John Estes or Sleepy John, was an American blues guitarist, songwriter and vocalist, born in Ripley, Lauderdale County, Tennessee.

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Slide guitar

Slide guitar is a particular method or technique for playing the guitar.

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Slim Harpo

James Isaac Moore (January 11, 1924 – January 31, 1970), known as Slim Harpo, was an American blues musician, a leading exponent of the swamp blues style, and "one of the most commercially successful blues artists of his day".

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Smithsonian Folkways

Smithsonian Folkways is the nonprofit record label of the Smithsonian Institution.

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Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution, established in 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.

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Son House

Eddie James "Son" House, Jr. (March 21, 1902His date of birth is a matter of some debate. Son House himself alleged that he was middle-aged during World War I, and, more specifically, that he was 79 in 1965, which would mean that he was born around 1886. However, all legal records place his birth on March 21, 1902. – October 19, 1988) was an American blues singer and guitarist, noted for his highly emotional style of singing and slide guitar playing.

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Songcatcher

Songcatcher is a 2000 drama film directed by Maggie Greenwald.

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Songster

A "songster" is a wandering musician, usually but not always African-American, of the type which first appeared in the late 19th century in the southern United States.

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Sonny Boy Williamson II

Alex or Aleck Miller (né Ford, possibly December 5, 1912 – May 24, 1965), known later in his career as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter.

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Sonny Terry

Saunders Terrell (24 October 1911 — 11 March 1986), better known as Sonny Terry, was a blind, American Piedmont blues musician.

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Soul blues

Soul blues is a style of blues music developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s that combines elements of soul music and urban contemporary music.

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Soul music

Work Music A prominent origin for 'Soul' music as far as the currently known United States were early Slavery year.

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Sounder (film)

Sounder is a 1972 DeLuxe Color drama film in Panavision directed by Martin Ritt and starring Cicely Tyson, Paul Winfield, and Kevin Hooks.

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South Texas

South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of and including San Antonio.

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Southern soul

Southern soul is a type of soul music that emerged from the Southern United States.

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Southern Spaces

Southern Spaces is a peer-reviewed open-access academic journal that publishes articles, photo essays and images, presentations, and short videos about real and imagined spaces and places of the Southern United States and their connections to the wider world.

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Southern United States

The Southern United States—commonly referred to as the American South, Dixie, or simply the South—is a region of the United States of America.

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Spiritual (music)

Spirituals (or Negro spirituals) are religious (generally Christian) songs that were created by enslaved African people in the United States.

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St. Louis

St.

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St. Louis blues (music)

St.

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St. Martin's Press

St.

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Steve Winwood

Stephen Lawrence "Steve" Winwood (born 12 May 1948) is an English musician whose genres include rock, blue-eyed soul, rhythm and blues, blues rock, pop rock, and jazz.

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Stevie Ray Vaughan

Stephen "Stevie" Ray Vaughan (October 3, 1954 – August 27, 1990) was an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer.

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Strong Persuader

Strong Persuader is the fifth studio album by American blues singer and guitarist Robert Cray, released on November 17, 1986, by Mercury Records and Hightone Records.

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Subdominant

In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale.

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Sun Records

Sun Records, a division of Sun Entertainment Corp, is an American independent record label founded in Memphis, Tennessee, which began operations on March 27, 1952.

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Susan Tedeschi

Susan Tedeschi (born November 9, 1970) is an American blues and soul musician known for her singing voice, guitar playing, and stage presence.

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Swamp blues

Swamp blues, sometimes the Excello sound, is a subgenre of blues music and a variation of Louisiana blues that developed around Baton Rouge in the 1950s and which reached a peak of popularity in the 1960s.

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Swing (jazz performance style)

In jazz and related musical styles, the term swing is used to describe the sense of propulsive rhythmic "feel" or "groove" created by the musical interaction between the performers, especially when the music creates a "visceral response" such as feet-tapping or head-nodding (see pulse).

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Swing music

Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of American music that developed in the early 1930s and became a distinctive style by 1940.

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Sylvester Weaver

Sylvester Weaver (July 25, 1896 or 1897 – April 4, 1960) was an American blues guitar player and pioneer of country blues.

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T-Bone Walker

Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was a critically acclaimed American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was an influential pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound.

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Tablature

Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches.

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Taj Mahal (musician)

Henry Saint Clair Fredericks (born May 17, 1942), who uses the stage name Taj Mahal, is an American blues musician.

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Talking blues

Talking blues is a form of folk music and country music.

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Tampa Red

Tampa Red (January 8, 1904 – March 19, 1981), born Hudson Woodbridge but known from childhood as Hudson Whittaker, was an American Chicago blues musician.

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Teen idol

A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base.

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Tennessee

Tennessee (ᏔᎾᏏ, Tanasi) is a U.S. state located in the Southeastern United States.

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Territory band

Territory bands were dance bands that crisscrossed specific regions of the United States from the 1920s through the 1960s.

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Texas blues

Texas blues is a subgenre of blues.

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Texas Flood

Texas Flood is the debut album of American blues rock band Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble, released on June 13, 1983 by Epic Records.

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That's All Right

"That's All Right" is a song written and originally performed by blues singer Arthur Crudup.

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The Allman Brothers Band

The Allman Brothers Band were an American rock band formed in Jacksonville, Florida in 1969 by brothers Duane Allman (slide guitar and lead guitar) and Gregg Allman (vocals, keyboards, songwriting), as well as Dickey Betts (lead guitar, vocals, songwriting), Berry Oakley (bass guitar), Butch Trucks (drums), and Jai Johanny "Jaimoe" Johanson (drums).

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The Animals

The Animals were a British band of the 1960s, formed in Newcastle upon Tyne during the early part of the decade.

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The Black Keys

The Black Keys are an American rock duo formed in Akron, Ohio, in 2001.

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The Blues (film)

The Blues is a 2003 documentary film series produced by Martin Scorsese, dedicated to the history of blues music.

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The Blues Brothers

The Blues Brothers, formally, variously The Blues Brothers' Show Band and Revue and The Blues Brothers' Rhythm and Blues Revue, are an American blues and rhythm and blues revivalist band founded in 1976 by comedy actors Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi as part of a musical sketch on Saturday Night Live.

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The Blues Brothers (film)

The Blues Brothers is a 1980 American musical crime comedy film directed by John Landis.

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The Doors

The Doors were an American rock band formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, with vocalist Jim Morrison, keyboardist Ray Manzarek, guitarist Robby Krieger and drummer John Densmore.

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The Fabulous Thunderbirds

The Fabulous Thunderbirds is an American, Grammy-nominated blues rock band, formed in 1974.

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The Healer (album)

The Healer is a blues album by John Lee Hooker, released in 1989.

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The J. Geils Band

The J. Geils Band is an American rock band formed in 1967 in Worcester, Massachusetts, under the leadership of guitarist J. Geils.

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The Memphis Blues

"The Memphis Blues" is a song described by its composer, W. C. Handy, as a "Southern Rag." It was self-published by Handy in September, 1912 and has been recorded by many artists over the years.

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The Rolling Stones

The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962.

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The West Wing

The West Wing is an American serial political drama television series created by Aaron Sorkin that was originally broadcast on NBC from September 22, 1999, to May 14, 2006.

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The Yardbirds

The Yardbirds are an English rock band formed in London in 1963 that had a string of hits during the mid-1960s, including "For Your Love", "Over Under Sideways Down" and "Heart Full of Soul".

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Theater Owners Booking Association

Theater Owners Booking Association, or T.O.B.A., was the vaudeville circuit for African American performers in the 1920s and 1930s.

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Thomas A. Dorsey

Thomas Andrew Dorsey (July 1, 1899 – January 23, 1993) was known as "the father of black gospel music" and was at one time so closely associated with the field that songs written in the new style were sometimes known as "dorseys."Bernice Johnson Reagon. University of Nebraska Press, 2001, p. 21, citing Joseph "Gospel Joe" Williams. Earlier in his life he was a leading blues pianist known as Georgia Tom. As formulated by Dorsey, gospel music combines Christian praise with the rhythms of jazz and the blues. His conception also deviates from what had been, to that time, standard hymnal practice by referring explicitly to the self, and the self's relation to faith and God, rather than the individual subsumed into the group via belief. Dorsey, who was born in Villa Rica, Georgia, was the music director at Pilgrim Baptist Church in Chicago, Illinois from 1932 until the late 1970s. His best-known composition, "Take My Hand, Precious Lord", was performed by Mahalia Jackson and was a favorite of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.. Another composition, "Peace in the Valley", was a hit for Red Foley in 1951 and has been performed by dozens of other artists, including Queen of Gospel Albertina Walker, Elvis Presley and Johnny Cash. Dorsey died in Chicago, aged 93. In 2002, the Library of Congress honored his album Precious Lord: New Recordings of the Great Songs of Thomas A. Dorsey (1973), by adding it to the United States National Recording Registry.

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Time signature

The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each bar and which note value is to be given one beat.

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Tin Pan Alley

Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

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Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale and the tonal center or final resolution tone.

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Tracy Chapman

Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, known for her hits "Fast Car" and "Give Me One Reason", along with other singles "Talkin' 'bout a Revolution", "Baby Can I Hold You", "Crossroads", "New Beginning" and "Telling Stories".

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Traditional blues verses

In the folk tradition, there are many traditional blues verses that have been sung over and over by many artists.

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Tritone

In music theory, the tritone is strictly defined as a musical interval composed of three adjacent whole tones.

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Trombone

The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.

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Trouble in Mind (song)

"Trouble in Mind" is a slow eight-bar blues song written by jazz pianist Richard M. Jones.

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Trumpet

A trumpet is a musical instrument.

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Tulsa Sound

The Tulsa Sound is a musical style that originated in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

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Turnaround (music)

In jazz, a turnaround is a passage at the end of a section which leads to the next section.

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Tutti Frutti (song)

"Tutti Frutti" (meaning "all fruits" in Italian) is a song written by Little Richard (Richard Wayne Penniman) along with Dorothy LaBostrie that was recorded in 1955 and became his first major hit record.

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Tutwiler, Mississippi

Tutwiler is a town in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi.

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Twelve-bar blues

The 12-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music.

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University of Arkansas Press

The University of Arkansas Press is a scholarly press that is part of the University of Arkansas and the American Association of University Presses.

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University of Illinois Press

The University of Illinois Press (UIP), is a major American university press and part of the University of Illinois system.

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University of Massachusetts

The University of Massachusetts is the five-campus public university system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

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University of Michigan

The University of Michigan (U-M, UM, UMich, or U of M), frequently referred to simply as Michigan, is a public research university located in Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States.

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University of North Carolina Press

The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina.

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Unplugged (Eric Clapton album)

Unplugged is a live album by Eric Clapton released in 1992.

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Vanguard Records

Vanguard Records is a record label set up in 1950 by brothers Maynard and Seymour Solomon in New York.

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Vaudeville

Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment.

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Vee-Jay Records

Vee-Jay Records is an American record label founded in the 1950s, specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll.

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Victor Talking Machine Company

See The Victor Talking Machine Company was an American flagship record company headquartered in Camden, New Jersey.

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Victoria Spivey

Victoria Spivey (October 15, 1906 – October 3, 1976) was an American blues singer and songwriter.

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Video clip

Video clips are short clips of video, usually part of a longer recording.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and also known in Vietnam as Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Virtuoso

A virtuoso (from Italian virtuoso, "virtuous", Late Latin virtuosus, Latin virtus, "virtue", "excellence", "skill", or "manliness") is an individual who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field.

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Vocal music

Vocal music is a genre of music performed by one or more singers, with or without instrumental accompaniment (a cappella), in which singing (i.e. vocal performance) provides the main focus of the piece.

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W. C. Handy

William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was an American blues composer and musician.

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W. W. Norton & Company

W.

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Walter Vinson

Walter Vinson (February 2, 1901 – April 22, 1975) was an American Memphis blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.

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Wang Dang Doodle

"Wang Dang Doodle" is a blues song written by Willie Dixon.

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Warren Haynes

Warren Haynes (born April 6, 1960) is an American rock and blues guitarist, vocalist and songwriter.

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Washboard (musical instrument)

The washboard and frottoir (from Cajun French "frotter", to rub) are used as a percussion instrument, employing the ribbed metal surface of the cleaning device as a rhythm instrument.

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Watermelon Man (composition)

"Watermelon Man" is a jazz standard written by Herbie Hancock, first released on his debut album, Takin' Off (1962).

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Waylon Jennings

Waylon Arnold Jennings (pronounced; June 15, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and actor.

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West Coast blues

The West Coast blues is a type of blues influenced by jazz and jump blues, with strong piano-dominated sounds and jazzy guitar solos, which originated from Texas blues players who relocated to California in the 1940s.

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West Side, Chicago

The West Side is one of the three major sections of the city of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois along with the North Side and the South Side.

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What'd I Say

"What'd I Say" (or "What I Say") is an American Rhythm and blues song, by Ray Charles released in 1959.

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Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On

"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" (sometimes rendered "Whole Lot of Shakin' Going On") is a song written by Dave "Curlee" Williams and usually credited to him and James Faye "Roy" Hall.

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Willie Dixon

William James "Willie" Dixon (July 1, 1915 – January 29, 1992) was an American blues musician, vocalist, songwriter, arranger and record producer.

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Willie Nelson

Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American singer-songwriter, musician, guitarist, author, poet, actor, and activist.

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Wim Wenders

Ernst Wilhelm "Wim" Wenders (born 14 August 1945) is a German filmmaker, playwright, author, photographer, and a major figure in New German Cinema.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (English see fn.; 27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era.

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Wolof people

The Wolof people (UK) (US) are an ethnic group in Senegal, The Gambia, and Mauritania.

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Work song

A work song is a piece of music closely connected to a specific form of work, either sung while conducting a task (usually to coordinate timing) or a song linked to a task or trade which might be a connected narrative, description, or protest song.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Xalam

Xalam, also spelled khalam, is the Wolof name for a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa.

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Yazoo Records

Yazoo Records is an American record label, founded in the late 1960s by Nick Perls.

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Yoruba religion

The religion of the Yoruba people is found primarily in southwestern Nigeria and the adjoining parts of Benin, commonly known as Yorubaland.

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YouTube

YouTube is a video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California, United States.

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Z. Z. Hill

Arzell Hill (September 30, 1935 – April 27, 1984),.

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Zydeco

Zydeco is a musical genre evolved in southwest Louisiana by French Creole and Louisiana French speakers which blends blues, rhythm and blues, and music indigenous to the Louisiana Creoles and the Native people of Louisiana.

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ZZ Top

ZZ Top is an American rock band that formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas.

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ZZ Ward

ZZ Ward (born Zsuzsanna Eva Ward, June 2, 1986) is an American musician and singer-songwriter, signed to the Boardwalk Entertainment Group and Hollywood Records.

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20th-century music

20th-century music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology for recording and distributing music as well as dramatic innovations in musical forms and styles.

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Blue music, Blues (music), Blues Legends, Blues Music, Blues chords, Blues fusion, Blues man, Blues music, Bluesman, Bluesy, Bluezy, Contemporary blues, History of blues, History of the blues, Latin blues, The Blues, The blues, Urban blues.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues

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