69 relations: Adipose tissue, Adolphe Quetelet, Allometry, Ancel Keys, Anorexia nervosa, Body fat percentage, Body Shape Index, Body water, Breast cancer, Bulimia nervosa, Center for Organizational Research and Education, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Child, Classification of obesity, Colorectal cancer, Coronary artery disease, Corpulence index, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Dietary Reference Intake, Dimensionless quantity, Dyslipidemia, Eating disorder, Endometrial cancer, Familial amyloid polyneuropathy, Gallbladder disease, Gamma-glutamyltransferase, Hong Kong, Hospital Authority, Human body weight, Human height, Hypertension, JAMA (journal), Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, Keith Devlin, Kilogram, Lipomatosis, List of countries by body mass index, Lloyd N. Trefethen, Malnutrition, Mass, Mass versus weight, Metre, Mr. Olympia, Muscle, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Health Service, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Obesity, ..., Obesity paradox, Osteoarthritis, Overweight, Percentile, Ronnie Coleman, Sensitivity and specificity, Slate (magazine), Sleep apnea, Square (algebra), Stone (unit), Stroke, The Independent, The Lancet, Underweight, Unit of measurement, University of Chicago, Waist-to-height ratio, Waist–hip ratio, World Health Organization. Expand index (19 more) » « Shrink index
In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet FRSFor FRSE (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874) was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
Allometry is the study of the relationship of body size to shape, anatomy, physiology and finally behaviour, first outlined by Otto Snell in 1892, by D'Arcy Thompson in 1917 in On Growth and Form and by Julian Huxley in 1932.
Ancel Benjamin Keys (January 26, 1904 – November 20, 2004) was an American physiologist who studied the influence of diet on health.
Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.
The body fat percentage (BFP) of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body mass, times 100; body fat includes essential body fat and storage body fat.
Body Shape Index (BSI) is a metric for assessing the health implications of a given human body height, mass and waist circumference.
In physiology, body water is the water content of an animal body that is contained in the tissues, the blood, the bones and elsewhere.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.
Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging.
The Center for Organizational Research and Education (CORE), formerly the Center for Consumer Freedom (CCF) and prior to that the Guest Choice Network, is an American non-profit entity founded by Richard Berman that lobbies on behalf of the fast food, meat, alcohol and tobacco industries.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the leading national public health institute of the United States.
Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human being between the stages of birth and puberty.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
The Corpulence Index (CI) or Ponderal Index (PI) is a measure of leanness (corpulence) of a personFoods and Nutrition Encyclopedia, Audrey H. Ensminger, Marion Eugene Ensminger.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (United States).
In dimensional analysis, a dimensionless quantity is a quantity to which no physical dimension is assigned.
Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g. triglycerides, cholesterol and/or fat phospholipids) in the blood.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Endometrial cancer is a cancer that arises from the endometrium (the lining of the uterus or womb).
Familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), also called transthyretin-related hereditary amyloidosis, transthyretin amyloidosis abbreviated also as ATTR (hereditary form), or Corino de Andrade's disease, is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease.
Gallbladder diseases are diseases involving the gallbladder.
Gamma-glutamyltransferase (also γ-glutamyltransferase, GGT, gamma-GT) is a transferase (a type of enzyme) that catalyzes the transfer of gamma-glutamyl functional groups from molecules such as glutathione to an acceptor that may be an amino acid, a peptide or water (forming glutamate).
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
The Hospital Authority is a statutory body managing all the government hospitals and institutes in Hong Kong.
Human body weight refers to a person's mass or weight.
Human height or stature is the distance from the bottom of the feet to the top of the head in a human body, standing erect.
Hypertension (HTN or HT), also known as high blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association is a peer-reviewed medical journal published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.
The Journal of Clinical Epidemiology is a peer reviewed journal of Epidemiology that promotes the quality of clinical and patient-oriented health services research through the advancement and application of innovative methods of.
Keith J. Devlin (born 16 March 1947) is a British mathematician and popular science writer.
The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.
Lipomatosis is believed to be an autosomal dominant condition in which multiple lipomas are present on the body.
This page serves as a partial list of countries by adult mean body weight and incidence of obese and overweight populations as calculated by body mass index (BMI).
(Lloyd) Nicholas Trefethen, FRS (born 30 August 1955) is professor of numerical analysis and head of the Numerical Analysis Group at the Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
Mass is both a property of a physical body and a measure of its resistance to acceleration (a change in its state of motion) when a net force is applied.
In common usage, the mass of an object is often referred to as its weight, though these are in fact different concepts and quantities.
The metre (British spelling and BIPM spelling) or meter (American spelling) (from the French unit mètre, from the Greek noun μέτρον, "measure") is the base unit of length in some metric systems, including the International System of Units (SI).
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is a survey research program conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States, and to track changes over time.
The National Health Service (NHS) is the name used for each of the public health services in the United Kingdom – the National Health Service in England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and Health and Social Care in Northern Ireland – as well as a term to describe them collectively.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) is the third largest Institute of the National Institutes of Health, located in Bethesda, Maryland, United States.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
The obesity paradox is a medical hypothesis which holds that obesity (and high cholesterol, when the more global term reverse epidemiology is used) may, counterintuitively, be protective and associated with greater survival in certain groups of people, such as very elderly individuals or those with certain chronic diseases.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone.
Being overweight or fat is having more body fat than is optimally healthy.
A percentile (or a centile) is a measure used in statistics indicating the value below which a given percentage of observations in a group of observations fall.
Ronnie Dean Coleman (born May 13, 1964) is a retired American professional bodybuilder.
Sensitivity and specificity are statistical measures of the performance of a binary classification test, also known in statistics as a classification function.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep.
In mathematics, a square is the result of multiplying a number by itself.
The stone or stone weight (abbreviation: st.) is an English and imperial unit of mass now equal to 14 pounds (6.35029318 kg).
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
An underweight person is a person whose body weight is considered too low to be healthy.
A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude of a quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law, that is used as a standard for measurement of the same kind of quantity.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference divided by their height, both measured in the same units.
The Waist-hip ratio or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.