255 relations: Aerodynamics, Aeroperú Flight 603, Agrupación Aérea Presidencial, Aileron, Air 2000, Air charter, Air Europe, Air Florida, Air Force Two, Air Holland, Air Lease Corporation, Air shuttle, Air traffic control, Air Transport Services Group, Airbus A310, Airbus A320 family, Airbus A321, Airbus A330, Aircraft fairing, Aircraft gross weight, Aircraft hijacking, Aircraft upset, Airfoil, Airframe, Airline Deregulation Act, Airline hub, Airstair, Aluminium alloy, American Airlines, American Airlines Flight 77, American Airlines Flight 965, Arkia, Aspect ratio (aeronautics), ATA Airlines, Autoland, Auxiliary power unit, Avianca, Aviation accidents and incidents, Aviation Partners Inc., Aviation safety, Avionics, BAL Bashkirian Airlines, Billings Logan International Airport, Bird strike, Birgenair Flight 301, Blue Dart Aviation, Boeing, Boeing 707, Boeing 727, Boeing 737, ..., Boeing 737 Next Generation, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, Boeing 777, Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Boeing Business Jet, Boeing C-137 Stratoliner, Boeing C-32, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, Boeing Renton Factory, Braniff International Airways, Britannia Airways Flight 226A, British Airways, Bulk cargo, Canard (aeronautics), Canary Islands, Cantilever, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Cargo aircraft, Cathode ray tube, Cessna Citation family, China Southern Airlines, China Southwest Airlines, China Xinjiang Airlines, Civil Aviation Administration of China, Civil Aviation Authority (United Kingdom), Combi aircraft, Competition between Airbus and Boeing, Computer-aided design, Condor Flugdienst, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Delta Flight Museum, DHL Air UK, DHL Aviation, Domestic flight, Donald Trump, Douglas DC-8, Drag (physics), Dunlop Rubber, Eastern Air Lines, Electromechanics, Electronic flight instrument system, Electronic warfare, Empennage, ETOPS, European Air Transport Leipzig, Evacuation slide, Express mail, Fairchild Aircraft, Farnborough Airshow, Fatigue (material), Federal Aviation Administration, FedEx Express, Fiberglass, Flap (aeronautics), Fleet commonality, Flight engineer, Flight length, Flight management system, Fly-by-wire, Fuel efficiency, Fuselage, Galley (kitchen), Garment bag, GE Aviation, Girona–Costa Brava Airport, Glass cockpit, Government of Kazakhstan, Grumman, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Hawker Siddeley Trident, Honeycomb structure, Honeywell, Hot and high, House of Saud, Hull loss, Hydraulic motor, Hydraulics, IAI Westwind, Iberia (airline), Icelandair, Inertial navigation system, Instrument landing system, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading, Israel Aerospace Industries, Japan Airlines, Jet airliner, John Wayne Airport, Kevlar, Krueger flap, LaGuardia Airport, Laminar flow, Landing gear, Leading-edge slat, Legacy carrier, Lifeboat (shipboard), Lift (force), Lift-induced drag, List of Boeing customer codes, List of civil aircraft, List of jet airliners, List of Sultans of Brunei, Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, LTU International, Lufthansa, Mach number, Mainline (aeronautics), Maximum takeoff weight, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, McDonnell Douglas DC-9, McDonnell Douglas MD-80, Medical evacuation, Mexican Air Force, Microsoft, Monarch Airlines, Narrow-body aircraft, NASA, National Airlines (N8), National Transportation Safety Board, Nepal Airlines, Noise regulation, Non-stop flight, North American Airlines, Northrop YF-23, Northwest Airlines, Oil pressure, OpenSkies, Operating cost, Operating empty weight, Pallet, Paul Allen, Payload, Pegasus Field, Pilot error, Pitot tube, Pitot-static system, Power-to-weight ratio, Pratt & Whitney, Pratt & Whitney PW2000, President of Argentina, President of Mexico, Prime Minister of New Zealand, Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic, Ram air turbine, Range (aeronautics), Reinforced carbon–carbon, Retro style, Rockwell Collins, Rockwell International, Rolls-Royce Holdings, Rolls-Royce RB211, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Royal Brunei Airlines, Royal New Zealand Air Force, Scott Base, Seniority, Separation (aeronautics), September 11 attacks, Shanghai Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Spatial disorientation, Spirit AeroSystems, Spoiler (aeronautics), Stall (engine), Steven F. Udvar-Házy, Subsonic aircraft, Supercritical airfoil, T-tail, Tailplane, Tailstrike, Takeoff, Thomas Cook Airlines, Trans World Airlines, Transbrasil, Transcontinental flight, Tribhuvan International Airport, Tricycle landing gear, Trijet, Trump Force One, TUI Group, Tupolev Tu-154, Tupolev Tu-204, Turbofan, Twinjet, Type rating, Unit load device, United Airlines, United Airlines Flight 93, United States Air Force, United States Department of State, United States presidential election, 2016, UPS Airlines, Vice President of the United States, Wake turbulence, Wide-body aircraft, Wing root, Wingspan, Wingtip device, Wingtip vortices, XiamenAir, Yom Kippur War, 1990 Guangzhou Baiyun airport collisions, 2002 Überlingen mid-air collision. Expand index (205 more) » « Shrink index
Aerodynamics, from Greek ἀήρ aer (air) + δυναμική (dynamics), is the study of the motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object, such as an airplane wing.
Aeroperú Flight 603 was a scheduled flight from Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida (KMIA) to Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport in Santiago, Chile (SCEL), with stopover in Peru.
The Agrupación Aérea Presidencial (Presidential Air Group) was the Head of State Air Transport Unit for the President of Argentina.
An aileron (French for "little wing" or "fin") is a hinged flight control surface usually forming part of the trailing edge of each wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Air 2000 was a British charter airline that operated for 17 years between 1987 and 2004.
Air charter is the business of renting an entire aircraft (i.e., chartering) as opposed to individual aircraft seats (i.e., purchasing a ticket through a traditional airline).
Air Europe was a wholly privately owned, independentindependent from government-owned corporations British airline, established in 1978 under the working title Inter European Airways.
Air Florida was an American low-cost carrier that operated from 1971 to 1984.
Air Force Two is the air traffic control call sign held by any United States Air Force aircraft carrying the U.S. Vice President, but not the President.
Air Holland was an airline based in the Netherlands.
Air Lease Corporation (ALC) is an American aircraft leasing company founded in 2010 and headed by Steven Udvar-Házy.
An air shuttle is a scheduled airline service on short routes with a simplified fare and class structure.
Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based air traffic controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and through controlled airspace, and can provide advisory services to aircraft in non-controlled airspace.
Air Transport Services Group (ATSG) is an American aviation holding company which provides air cargo transportation and related services to air carriers and other companies that outsource their air cargo lift requirements.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A321 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A330 is a medium- to long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliner made by Airbus.
An aircraft fairing is a structure whose primary function is to produce a smooth outline and reduce drag.
The aircraft gross weight (also known as the all-up weight (AUW)) is the total aircraft weight at any moment during the flight or ground operation.
Aircraft hijacking (also air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States and in the US state of Mississippi, and as skyjacking in some nations) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.
Aircraft upset is a dangerous condition in aircraft operations in which the flight attitude or airspeed of an aircraft is outside the normal bounds of operation for which it is designed.
An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
The airframe of an aircraft is its mechanical structure.
The Airline Deregulation Act is a 1978 United States federal law that deregulated the airline industry in the United States, removing U.S. federal government control over such areas as fares, routes and market entry of new airlines, introducing a free market in the commercial airline industry and leading to a great increase in the number of flights, a decrease in fares, and an increase in the number of passengers and miles flown.
Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations at a given airport.
An airstair is a set of steps built into an aircraft so that passengers may board and alight the aircraft.
Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal.
American Airlines, Inc. (AA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, within the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.
American Airlines Flight 77 was a scheduled American Airlines domestic transcontinental passenger flight from Washington Dulles International Airport in Dulles, Virginia, to Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles, California.
American Airlines Flight 965 was a regularly scheduled flight from Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida, to Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport in Cali, Colombia.
Arkia, legally incorporated as Arkia Israeli Airlines Ltd (ארקיע, I will soar, خطوط أركيا), is an Israeli airline.
In aeronautics, the aspect ratio of a wing is the ratio of its span to its mean chord.
ATA Airlines, Inc. – formerly known as American Trans Air and commonly referred to as ATA – was an American low-cost scheduled service and charter airline based in Indianapolis, Indiana.
In aviation, autoland describes a system that fully automates the landing procedure of an aircraft's flight, with the flight crew supervising the process.
An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion.
Avianca S.A. (acronym in Spanish for "Aerovías del Continente Americano S.A.", Airways of the American Continent) is a Colombian airline that has been the national airline and flag carrier of Colombia since 5 December 1919, when it was initially registered under the name SCADTA.
An aviation accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft, which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until all such persons have disembarked, where a person is fatally or seriously injured, the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure or the aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible.
Aviation Partners Inc. (API) is a Seattle-based private corporation that specializes in performance enhancing winglet systems.
Aviation safety means the state of an aviation system or organization in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.
Avionics are the electronic systems used on aircraft, artificial satellites, and spacecraft.
BAL Bashkirian Airlines («Башкирские авиалинии», Baškirskije avialinii, «БАЛ Башҡортостан авиалиниялары», BAL Başqortostan avialiniyaları) was an airline with its head office on the property of Ufa Airport in Ufa, Russia.
Billings Logan International Airport is two miles northwest of downtown Billings, in Yellowstone County, Montana.
A bird strike—sometimes called birdstrike, bird ingestion (for an engine), bird hit, or bird aircraft strike hazard (BASH)—is a collision between an airborne animal (usually a bird or bat) and a manmade vehicle, especially an aircraft.
Birgenair Flight 301 was a flight chartered by Turkish-managed Birgenair partner Alas Nacionales from Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic to Frankfurt, Germany, via Gander, Canada, and Berlin, Germany.
Blue Dart Aviation is a cargo airline based in Chennai, India.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing 727 is a midsized, narrow-body three-engined jet aircraft built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from the early 1960s to 1984.
The Boeing 737 is a short- to medium-range twinjet narrow-body airliner developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.
The Boeing 737 Next Generation, commonly abbreviated as 737NG, is the name given to the −600/-700/-800/-900 series of the Boeing 737 airliner.
The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, "Jumbo Jet".
The Boeing 767 is a mid- to large-size, mid- to long-range, wide-body twin-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 777 is a family of long-range wide-body twin-engine jet airliners developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an American long-haul, mid-size widebody, twin-engine jet airliner made by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
The Boeing Business Jet series are variants of Boeing jet airliners for the corporate jet market.
The Boeing C-137 Stratoliner was a VIP transport aircraft derived from the Boeing 707 jet airliner used by the United States Air Force.
The Boeing C-32 is a military passenger transportation version of the Boeing 757-200 as designated by the United States Air Force.
Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA) is a division of The Boeing Company.
The Boeing Company's Renton, Washington Factory is a facility where Boeing 737 Next Generation and MAX airliners are built.
Braniff Airways, Inc., doing business as Braniff International Airways, from 1948 until 1965, and then Braniff International from 1965 until 1983, was an American airline that operated from 1928 until 1982.
Britannia Airways Flight BY226A was an international charter flight from Cardiff, Wales, UK, which crashed on landing at Girona Airport, Spain, on 14 September 1999 and broke apart.
British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.
Bulk cargo is commodity cargo that is transported unpackaged in large quantities.
A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
The Canary Islands (Islas Canarias) is a Spanish archipelago and autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, west of Morocco at the closest point.
A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
A cargo aircraft (also known as freight aircraft, freighter, airlifter or cargo jet) is a fixed-wing aircraft that is designed or converted for the carriage of cargo rather than passengers.
The cathode ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube that contains one or more electron guns and a phosphorescent screen, and is used to display images.
The Cessna Citation is a market brand-name used by American manufacturer Cessna for its line of business jets.
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
China Southwest Airlines (CSWA) was an airline with its head office on the property of Shuangliu Airport in Shuangliu County, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
China Xinjiang Airlines was a Chinese airline owned by CAAC.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), formerly the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, is the aviation authority under the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the statutory corporation which oversees and regulates all aspects of civil aviation in the United Kingdom.
Combi aircraft in commercial aviation are aircraft that can be used to carry either passengers, as an airliner, or cargo as a freighter, and may have a partition in the aircraft cabin to allow both uses at the same time in a mixed passenger/freight combination.
The competition between Airbus and Boeing has been characterised as a duopoly in the large jet airliner market since the 1990s.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Condor Flugdienst GmbH, branded as Condor, is a German leisure airline based in Frankfurt.
Continental Airlines was a major United States airline founded in 1934 and eventually headquartered in Houston, Texas.
Delta Air Lines, Inc., commonly referred to as Delta, is a major United States airline, with its headquarters and largest hub at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia.
The Delta Flight Museum is an aviation and corporate museum located in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, near the airline's main hub at the Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.
DHL Air UK, incorporated as DHL Air Ltd., is a cargo airline based in Orbital Park, Hounslow, London Borough of Hounslow.
DHL Aviation is a division of DHL Express (owned by Deutsche Post DHL) responsible for providing air transport capacity.
A domestic flight is a form of commercial flight within civil aviation where the departure and the arrival take place in the same country.
Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017.
The Douglas DC-8 (also known as the McDonnell Douglas DC-8) is an American four-engine long-range narrow-body jet airliner built from 1958 to 1972 by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
In fluid dynamics, drag (sometimes called air resistance, a type of friction, or fluid resistance, another type of friction or fluid friction) is a force acting opposite to the relative motion of any object moving with respect to a surrounding fluid.
Dunlop Rubber was a multinational company involved in the manufacture of various rubber goods.
Eastern Air Lines was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991.
In engineering, electromechanics combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering.
An electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) is a flight deck instrument display system that displays flight data electronically rather than electromechanically.
Electronic warfare (EW) is any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack of an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum.
The empennage, also known as the tail or tail assembly, is a structure at the rear of an aircraft that provides stability during flight, in a way similar to the feathers on an arrow.
ETOPS is an aviation acronym for Extended Operations.
European Air Transport Leipzig GmbH, often shortened to EAT Leipzig or EAT-LEJ, is a German cargo airline with its head office and main hub on the grounds of Leipzig/Halle Airport in Schkeuditz.
An evacuation slide is an inflatable slide used to evacuate an aircraft quickly.
Express mail is an accelerated mail delivery service for which the customer pays a surcharge and receives faster delivery.
Fairchild was an American aircraft and aerospace manufacturing company based at various times in Farmingdale, New York; Hagerstown, Maryland; and San Antonio, Texas.
The Farnborough International Airshow is a week-long, biennial event that combines a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with a public airshow.
In materials science, fatigue is the weakening of a material caused by repeatedly applied loads.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States is a national authority with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation.
FedEx Express, formerly Federal Express, is a cargo airline based in Memphis, Tennessee, United States.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
Flaps are a type of high-lift device used to increase the lift of an aircraft wing at a given airspeed.
Aviation commonality describes the economic and logistic benefits of operating a standardized fleet of aircraft that share common parts, training requirements, or other characteristics.
A flight engineer (FE), also sometimes called an air engineer, is the member of an aircraft's flight crew who monitors and operates its complex aircraft systems.
In aviation, the flight length is defined as the distance of a flight.
A flight management system (FMS) is a fundamental component of a modern airliner's avionics.
Fly-by-wire (FBW) is a system that replaces the conventional manual flight controls of an aircraft with an electronic interface.
Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the ratio from effort to result of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier (fuel) into kinetic energy or work.
The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.
The galley is the compartment of a ship, train, or aircraft where food is cooked and prepared.
A garment bag or suit bag is a container of flexible material, usually used to ease transporting suits, jackets or clothings in general, and also to protect clothes from dust by hanging them inside with their hangers and then in the closet bar.
GE Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio, outside Cincinnati.
Girona–Costa Brava Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Girona-Costa Brava, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gerona-Costa Brava) is an airport located southwest of the city of Girona, next to the small village of Vilobí d'Onyar, in the north-east of Catalonia, Spain.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Қазақстан Республикасының Үкіметі, Qazaqstan Respýblıkasynyń Úkimeti; Правительство Республики Казахстан, Pravitelstvo Respubliki Kazakhstan) oversees a presidential republic.
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading 20th century U.S. producer of military and civilian aircraft.
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China.
The Hawker Siddeley HS 121 Trident (originally the de Havilland D.H.121 and the Airco DH 121) was a British short- (and later medium-) range airliner.
Honeycomb structures are natural or man-made structures that have the geometry of a honeycomb to allow the minimization of the amount of used material to reach minimal weight and minimal material cost.
Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.
In aviation, hot and high is a condition of low air density due to high ambient temperature and high airport elevation.
The House of Saud (Āl Suʻūd) is the ruling royal family of Saudi Arabia.
A hull loss is an aviation accident that damages the aircraft beyond economical repair, resulting in a write-off.
A hydraulic motor is a mechanical actuator that converts hydraulic pressure and flow into torque and angular displacement (rotation).
Hydraulics (from Greek: Υδραυλική) is a technology and applied science using engineering, chemistry, and other sciences involving the mechanical properties and use of liquids.
The Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) Westwind (formerly Aero Commander 1121 Jet Commander) is a business jet that became a cornerstone of the Israeli aircraft manufacturing industry and remained in production for 20 years.
Iberia, legally incorporated as Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. Operadora, Sociedad Unipersonal, is the flag carrier airline of Spain, founded in 1927.
Icelandair is the flag carrier of Iceland, headquartered at Keflavík International Airport in Iceland.
An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.
An instrument landing system (ILS) enables pilots to conduct an instrument approach to landing if they are unable to establish visual contact with the runway.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading (ISTAT) is a non-profit aviation industry association.
Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל ha-ta'asiya ha-avirit le-yisra'el) or IAI (תע"א) is Israel's prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial and astronautic systems for both military and civilian usage.
, also known as, is the flag carrier airline of Japan. It is headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo, Japan; and its main hubs are Tokyo's Narita International Airport and Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport), as well as Osaka's Kansai International Airport and Osaka International Airport.
A jet airliner (or jetliner) is an airliner powered by jet engines (passenger jet aircraft).
John Wayne Airport is an international airport in Orange County, California, United States, with its mailing address in the city of Santa Ana, hence the IATA airport code.
Kevlar is a heat-resistant and strong synthetic fiber, related to other aramids such as Nomex and Technora.
Krueger flaps, or Krüger flaps, are lift enhancement devices that may be fitted to the leading edge of an aircraft wing.
LaGuardia Airport is an airport in the northern part of the New York City borough of Queens in the United States.
In fluid dynamics, laminar flow (or streamline flow) occurs when a fluid flows in parallel layers, with no disruption between the layers.
Landing gear is the undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft and may be used for either takeoff or landing.
Slats are aerodynamic surfaces on the leading edge of the wings of fixed-wing aircraft which, when deployed, allow the wing to operate at a higher angle of attack.
A legacy carrier, in the United States, is an airline that had established interstate routes before the beginning of the route liberalization which was permitted by the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978, and was thus directly affected by that act.
A lifeboat is a small, rigid or inflatable boat carried for emergency evacuation in the event of a disaster aboard a ship.
A fluid flowing past the surface of a body exerts a force on it.
In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, induced drag, vortex drag, or sometimes drag due to lift, is an aerodynamic drag force that occurs whenever a moving object redirects the airflow coming at it.
Unique, fixed customer codes were used by Boeing Commercial Airplanes to denote the original customer for airframes produced as part of Boeing's 7x7 family of commercial aircraft between 1956, with the introduction of the 707, and 2016.
List of civil aircraft is a list of articles on civilian aircraft with descriptions, which excludes aircraft operated by military organizations in civil markings, warbirds, warbirds used for racing, replica warbirds and research aircraft.
The following is the list of purpose-built passenger jet airliners.
The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and absolute monarch of Brunei.
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a fifth-generation, single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
LTU, legally incorporated as LTU Lufttransport-Unternehmen GmbH, was a German leisure airline headquartered in Düsseldorf.
Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.
In fluid dynamics, the Mach number (M or Ma) is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound.
A mainline flight is a flight operated by an airline's main operating unit, rather than by regional alliances, regional code-shares, regional subsidiaries, or wholly owned subsidiaries offering low-cost operations.
The maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) or maximum gross takeoff weight (MGTOW) or maximum takeoff mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off, due to structural or other limits.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-9 (initially known as the Douglas DC-9) is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner.
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners.
Medical evacuation, often shortened to medevac or medivac, is the timely and efficient movement and en route care provided by medical personnel to wounded being evacuated from a battlefield, to injured patients being evacuated from the scene of an accident to receiving medical facilities, or to patients at a rural hospital requiring urgent care at a better-equipped facility using medically equipped ground vehicles (ambulances) or aircraft (air ambulances).
The Mexican Air Force (FAM; Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Mexicana) is the primary aerial warfare service branch of the Mexican Armed Forces.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Monarch Airlines, also known simply as Monarch, was a British charter and scheduled airline which later, in 2004, became a low-cost airline The airline's headquarters were at Luton; in addition, it had other bases at Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, Gatwick and Manchester.
A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below of width.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
National Air Cargo, also operating as National Airlines, is an American airline based in Orlando, Florida.
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation.
Nepal Airlines Corporation (नेपाल वायुसेवा निगम), formerly known as Royal Nepal Airlines (शाही नेपाल वायुसेवा) is the flag carrier of Nepal.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Noise regulation includes statutes or guidelines relating to sound transmission established by national, state or provincial and municipal levels of government.
A non-stop flight is a flight by an aircraft with no intermediate stops.
North American Airlines, Inc., was an American airline with its headquarters at the HLH Building in Peachtree City, Georgia in Greater Atlanta, USA.
The Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 was an American single-seat, twin-engine stealth fighter aircraft technology demonstrator designed for the United States Air Force (USAF).
Northwest Airlines Corp. (often abbreviated as NWA and stylized as nwa) was a major United States airline founded in 1926 and absorbed into Delta Air Lines, Inc. by a merger.
Oil pressure is an important factor in the longevity of most internal combustion engines.
OpenSkies is a transatlantic airline owned by International Airlines Group (IAG), the headquartered is located in Rungis near Paris.
Operating (Operational) costs are the expenses which are related to the operation of a business, or to the operation of a device, component, piece of equipment or facility.
Operating empty weight (OEW) or Basic Operating Weight or Empty Operating Weight is the standard basic weight for any particular series or any particular configuration.
A pallet, sometimes inaccurately called a skid (a skid has no bottom deck boards), is a flat transport structure that supports goods in a stable fashion while being lifted by a forklift, pallet jack, front loader, work saver, or other jacking device, or a crane.
Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.
Pegasus Field was an airstrip in Antarctica, the southernmost of three airfields serving McMurdo Station.
Pilot error (sometimes called cockpit error) is a term used to describe a decision, action or inaction by a pilot or crew of an aircraft that is determined to be the cause of, or a contributing factor in, an accident or incident.
A Pitot tube, also known as Pitot probe, is a flow measurement device used to measure fluid flow velocity.
A pitot-static system is a system of pressure-sensitive instruments that is most often used in aviation to determine an aircraft's airspeed, Mach number, altitude, and altitude trend.
Power-to-weight ratio (or specific power or power-to-mass ratio) is a calculation commonly applied to engines and mobile power sources to enable the comparison of one unit or design to another.
Pratt & Whitney is an American aerospace manufacturer with global service operations.
The Pratt & Whitney PW2000, also known by the military designation F117 and initially referred to as the JT10D, is a series of high-bypass turbofan aero engines with a thrust range from 37,000 to 43,000 lbf (165 to 190 kN).
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of Mexico (Presidente de México), officially known as the President of the United Mexican States (Presidente de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos), is the head of state and government of Mexico.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
Puerto Plata, officially known as San Felipe de Puerto Plata, is the ninth-largest city in the Dominican Republic, and capital of the province of Puerto Plata.
A ram air turbine (RAT) is a small wind turbine that is connected to a hydraulic pump, or electrical generator, installed in an aircraft and used as a power source.
The maximal total range is the maximum distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft.
Carbon fibre reinforced carbon (CFRC), carbon–carbon (C/C), or reinforced carbon–carbon (RCC) is a composite material consisting of carbon fiber reinforcement in a matrix of graphite.
Retro style (also known as "vintage inspired") is a style that is consciously derivative or imitative of trends, music, modes, fashions, or attitudes of the past.
Rockwell Collins, Inc. is an American multinational company headquartered in Cedar Rapids, Iowa providing avionics and information technology systems and services to governmental agencies and aircraft manufacturers.
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation.
Rolls-Royce Holdings plc is a British multinational public limited company incorporated in February 2011 that owns Rolls-Royce, a business established in 1904 which today designs, manufactures and distributes power systems for aviation and other industries.
The Rolls-Royce RB211 is a British family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by Rolls-Royce plc.
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport is the primary airport serving Washington, D.C..
Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd (Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ڤنربڠن دراج بروني), or RB, is the national flag carrier airline of Brunei Darussalam, headquartered in the RB Plaza in Bandar Seri Begawan.
The Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) (Maori: Te Tauaarangi o Aotearoa, "New Zealand Warriors of the Sky"; previously Te Hokowhitu o Kahurangi, "War Party of the Blue") is the air force component of the New Zealand Defence Force.
The Scott Base is a New Zealand Antarctic research facility located at Pram Point on Ross Island near Mount Erebus in New Zealand's Ross Dependency territorial claim.
Seniority is the concept of a person or group of people taking precedence over another person or group because the former is either older than the latter or has occupied a particular position longer than the latter.
In air traffic control, separation is the name for the concept of keeping an aircraft outside a minimum distance from another aircraft to reduce the risk of those aircraft colliding, as well as prevent accidents due to secondary factors, such as wake turbulence.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Shanghai Airlines (Shanghainese: Zånhae Onkoen Gungseh) is an airline headquartered in Shanghai, China.
Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport.
Spatial disorientation, spatial unawareness is the inability of a person to correctly determine his/her body position in space.
Spirit AeroSystems, Inc. ("Spirit"), based in Wichita, Kansas, is the world's largest first-tier aerostructures manufacturer.
In aeronautics, a spoiler (sometimes called a lift spoiler or lift dumper) is a device intended to intentionally reduce the lift component of an airfoil in a controlled way.
A stall is the slowing or stopping of a process and in the case of an engine refers to a sudden stopping of the engine turning, usually brought about accidentally.
Steven Ferencz Udvar-Házy (born 1946), also known as István or Steve Hazy, is a Hungarian American billionaire businessman, and the CEO of Air Lease Corporation.
A subsonic aircraft is an aircraft with a maximum speed less than the speed of sound (Mach 1).
A supercritical airfoil is an airfoil designed, primarily, to delay the onset of wave drag in the transonic speed range.
A T-tail is an empennage configuration in which the tailplane is mounted to the top of the fin.
A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes.
In aviation, a tailstrike is an event in which the empennage of an aircraft strikes the runway.
Takeoff is the phase of flight in which an aerospace vehicle or an animal goes from the ground to flying in the air.
Thomas Cook Airlines (UK) Limited, is a British airline based in Manchester, England.
Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline from 1924 until 2001.
TransBrasil was a Brazilian airline which ceased operations on 3 December 2001.
A transcontinental flight commonly refers to a non-stop passenger flight between an airport in the West Coast of the United States and an airport in the East Coast of the United States.
Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) (त्रिभुवन अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय विमानस्थल) is an international airport in Kathmandu, Nepal, located in the Kathmandu Valley about from the city center of Kathmandu.
Tricycle gear is a type of aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion.
A trijet is a jet aircraft powered by three jet engines.
Trump Force One is an informal name for Donald Trump's private jet.
TUI Group (TUI (Touristik Union International) Aktiengesellschaft) is an Anglo-German travel and tourism company headquartered in Hannover, Germany.
The Tupolev Tu-154 (Tyполев Ту-154; NATO reporting name: "Careless") is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid-1960s and manufactured by Tupolev.
The Tupolev Tu-204 (Туполев Ту-204) is a twin-engined medium-range jet airliner capable of carrying 210 passengers, designed by Tupolev and produced by Aviastar SP and Kazan Aircraft Production Association.
The turbofan or fanjet is a type of airbreathing jet engine that is widely used in aircraft propulsion.
A twinjet or twin-engine jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines.
A type rating is a regulating agency's certification of an airplane pilot to fly a certain aircraft type that requires additional training beyond the scope of the initial license and aircraft class training.
A unit load device (ULD) is a pallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft.
United Airlines, Inc., commonly referred to as United, is a major United States airline headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
United Airlines Flight 93 was a domestic scheduled passenger flight that was hijacked by four Al-Qaeda terrorists on board, as part of the September 11 attacks.
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016.
UPS Airlines is an American cargo airline based in Louisville, Kentucky.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Wake turbulence is a disturbance in the atmosphere that forms behind an aircraft as it passes through the air.
A wide-body aircraft is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles, also known as twin-aisle aircraft, with seven or more seats abreast.
The wing root is the part of the wing on a fixed-wing aircraft that is closest to the fuselage.
The wingspan (or just span) of a bird or an airplane is the distance from one wingtip to the other wingtip.
Wingtip devices are intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft by reducing drag.
Wingtip vortices are circular patterns of rotating air left behind a wing as it generates lift.
XiamenAir (formerly Xiamen Airlines) is a Chinese passenger airline based in Xiamen, Fujian Province.
The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (or מלחמת יום כיפור,;,, or حرب تشرين), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.
On 2 October 1990, a hijacked Boeing 737, operating Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301, collided with two other aircraft on the runways of the old Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, while attempting to land.
On the night of 1 July 2002, Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937, a Tupolev Tu-154 passenger jet, and DHL Flight 611, a Boeing 757 cargo jet, collided in mid-air over Überlingen, a southern German town on Lake Constance.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
757 (plane), 757 plane, 757-200, 757-300, B 757, B-757, B752, B752SF, B753, B757, Boeing 752, Boeing 753, Boeing 757-200, Boeing 757-200ER, Boeing 757-200F, Boeing 757-200PCF, Boeing 757-200PF, Boeing 757-200SF, Boeing 757-204, Boeing 757-21B, Boeing 757-222, Boeing 757-223, Boeing 757-224, Boeing 757-225, Boeing 757-23A, Boeing 757-23APF, Boeing 757-2Q8, Boeing 757-300, Boeing 7N7, Boeing Model 757.