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A Better Tomorrow is a 1986 Hong Kong crime film, directed by John Woo, and starring Ti Lung, Leslie Cheung and Chow Yun-fat.
Allahrakka Rahman (born A. S. Dileep Kumar, best known as A. R. Rahman, is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, and music producer. A. R. Rahman's works are noted for integrating Indian classical music with electronic music, world music and traditional orchestral arrangements. Among his awards are six National Film Awards, two Academy Awards, two Grammy Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Golden Globe, fifteen Filmfare Awards and seventeen Filmfare Awards South. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award, in 2010 by the Government of India. In 2009, Rahman was included on the ''Time'' 100 list of the world's most influential people. The UK-based world-music magazine Songlines named him one of "Tomorrow's World Music Icons" in August 2011. South Indian fans of Rahman refer him with the nickname of "The Mozart of Madras", and "Isai Puyal" (the Musical Storm). With an in-house studio (Panchathan Record Inn in Chennai), Rahman's film-scoring career began during the early 1990s with the Tamil film Roja. Working in India's film industries, international cinema, and theatre, Rahman is one of the best-selling recording artists, with an estimated 200million units sold. In a notable two-decade career, he has been acclaimed for redefining contemporary Indian film music and contributing to the success of several films. Rahman has also become a notable humanitarian and philanthropist, donating and raising money for a number of causes and charities. In 2017, Rahman made his debut as a director and writer for the film Le Musk.
Aamir Khan (born Mohammed Aamir Hussain Khan on 14 March 1965) is an Indian film actor, producer, director and television talk show host.
Aan (Hindi: आन, Urdu: آن, translation: Pride), released as The Savage Princess in the United Kingdom and United States, is a 1952 Indian Bollywood film, produced and directed by Mehboob Khan.
Abhishek Bachchan (born 5 February 1976) is an Indian film actor, producer and playback singer known for his works in Bollywood and Bengali cinema.
Abrar Alvi (अबरार अलवी; ابرار علوی; 1927 – 18 November 2009) was an Indian film writer, director and actor.
The Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film is one of the Academy Awards handed out annually by the U.S.-based Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS).
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS (often pronounced as am-pas), also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures.
Across the Universe is a 2007 British-American jukebox musical romantic drama film directed by Julie Taymor, centered on songs by the English rock band The Beatles.
Action film is a film genre in which the protagonist or protagonists are thrust into a series of challenges that typically include violence, extended fighting, physical feats, and frantic chases.
"Addictive" is a song by R&B singer Truth Hurts.
Addis Ababa (አዲስ አበባ,, "new flower"; or Addis Abeba (the spelling used by the official Ethiopian Mapping Authority); Finfinne "natural spring") is the capital and largest city of Ethiopia.
Aditya Pancholi (born Nirmal Pancholi, 4 January 1962) is an Indian film actor, producer and playback singer who appears in Bollywood films.
Aditya Roy Kapur (born 16 November 1985) is an Indian film actor who works in Hindi films.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Aishwarya Rai (born 1 November 1973), also known by her married name Aishwarya Rai Bachchan, is an Indian actress, model and the winner of the Miss World 1994 pageant.
Vishal Devgn (born 2 April 1969), known professionally as Ajay Devgn, is an Indian film actor, director and producer.
Akhtar ul Iman (1915–1996) was a noted Urdu poet and screenwriter in Hindi cinema, who had a major influence on modern Urdu nazm.
Akshay Kumar (born Rajiv Hari Om Bhatia; 9 September 1967), is an actor, producer, martial artist, stuntman and television personality, who works in Bollywood films.
Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Alam Ara (translation: The Ornament of the World) was a 1931 Indian film directed by Ardeshir Irani.
Alia Bhatt (born 15 March 1993) is an actress and singer of Indian origin and British nationality, who works in Hindi films.
Alice Patten (born 28 August 1980) is an English actress, and the daughter of Chris Patten, Baron Patten of Barnes, a prominent British Conservative politician and the last Governor of Hong Kong.
Alka Yagnik (born 20 March 1966) is an Indian playback singer.
Amar Akbar Anthony is a 1977 Indian action comedy film, directed and produced by Manmohan Desai.
Ameesha Patel (born Amisha Amit Patel) also simply known as "Ameesha" is an Indian actress and model who predominantly appears in Bollywood films.
American Cinematographer is a magazine published monthly by the American Society of Cinematographers.
Amitabh Bachchan (born 11 October 1942) is an Indian film actor, producer, television host, and former politician.
Amsterdam University Press (AUP) is a university press that was founded in 1992 by the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andrew Lloyd Webber, Baron Lloyd-Webber Kt (born 22 March 1948) is an English composer and impresario of musical theatre.
Anil Kapoor (born 24 December 1956) is an Indian actor and producer who has appeared in many Hindi-language films, as well as international films and television series.
An anti-establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of a society.
An antihero, or antiheroine, is a protagonist in a story who lacks conventional heroic qualities and attributes such as idealism, courage, and morality.
Anurag Kashyap (born 10 September 1972), is an Indian film director, writer, editor, producer and actor known for his works in Hindi cinema, He is the recipient of several accolades, including a National Film Award, and four Filmfare Awards.
Anushka Sharma (born 1 May 1988) is an Indian actress and film producer.
Apradh is a 1972 action thriller romance Hindi film produced and directed by Feroz Khan.
The Arab states of the Persian Gulf are the seven Arab states which border the Persian Gulf, namely Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Khan Bahadur Ardeshir Irani (5 December 1886 – 14 October 1969); popularly known as Ardeshir Irani, was a writer, director, producer, actor, film distributor, film showman and cinematographer in the silent and sound eras of early Indian cinema.
Arjun Kapoor (born 26 June 1985) is an Indian actor who appears in Bollywood films.
Arjun Rampal (born 26 November 1972) is an Indian film actor, producer, screenwriter, model, entrepreneur and a television personality.
The Arri Group is a global supplier of motion picture film equipment.
An art film is typically a serious, independent film, aimed at a niche market rather than a mass market audience.
Asha Bhosle (born 8 September 1933), is an Indian singer.
Asha Parekh (born 2 October 1942) is an Indian film actress, director, and producer who was one of the top actresses in Hindi cinema from 1959 to 1973.
The Asian Academy of Film & Television (AAFT) is a film school located in India's Noida Film City in the National Capital Region and popular for film studies.
Asian Underground is a term associated with various British Asian and South Asian Canadian musicians (mostly Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan) who blend elements of Western underground dance music and the traditional Asian music of their home countries in South Asia.
Aurat (English: Woman) is a 1940 Indian film, directed by Mehboob Khan, starring Sardar Akhtar, Surendra, Yakub, Kanhaiyalal and Arun Kumar Ahuja.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
An auteur ('author') is an artist, such as a film director, who applies a highly centralized and subjective control to many aspects of a collaborative creative work.
Awaara (pronounced Āvārā, meaning "Vagabond"; also written Awāra), also known as The Vagabond overseas, is a 1951 Indian Bollywood film, produced and directed by Raj Kapoor, and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas.
"Awaara Hoon" (Hindi: आवारा हूँ; Aavaara huun; Russian: Бродяга я) is an internationally popular song from the 1951 classic Hindi film, Awaara, starring Raj Kapoor.
Aziz Mirza (born 1947) is an Indian film screenwriter, director, and producer known for his works in bollywood, and television.
A backstory, background story, back-story, or background is a set of events invented for a plot, presented as preceding and leading up to that plot.
The BAFTA Award for Best Film Not in the English Language is given annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts and presented at the British Academy Film Awards.
Baiju Bawra is a 1952 Hindi film directed by Vijay Bhatt.
Bajaj Auto Limited is a global two-wheeler and three-wheeler Indian manufacturing company.
Bajrangi Bhaijaan (English translation: Brother Bajrangi) is an Indian Hindi-language drama film, directed by Kabir Khan.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Blacks from South Africa were at times officially called "Bantu" by the apartheid regime.
Barfi! is a 2012 Indian comedy-drama film co-produced, written and directed by Anurag Basu.
Baz Luhrmann (born Mark Anthony Luhrmann, 17 September 1962) is an Australian writer, director, and producer with projects spanning film, television, opera, theatre, music, and recording industries.
Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.
The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: pañcāśēra manvantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.
Bengali literature (বাংলা সাহিত্য, Bangla Sahityô) denotes the body of writings in the Bengali language.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
A bibliography of notable books on Hindi cinema.
Bimal Roy (বিমল রায়) (12 July 1909 – 8 January 1966) was an Indian film director.
Bipasha Basu (born 7 January 1979), also known by her married name Bipasha Basu Singh Grover, is an Indian film actress and model.
Black Friday is a 2004 Indian crime drama film written and directed by Anurag Kashyap based on Black Friday – The True Story of the Bombay Bomb Blasts, a book by Hussain Zaidi about the 1993 Bombay bombings.
A blockbuster is a work of entertainment – especially a feature film, but also other media – that is highly popular and financially successful.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Bollywood Hungama (previously known as IndiaFM or IndiaFM.com) is a Bollywood entertainment website, owned by Hungama Digital Media Entertainment, which acquired this Bollywood portal in 2000.
Bombay is a 1995 Indian Tamil-language Indian romantic drama film directed by Mani Ratnam, starring Arvind Swamy and Manisha Koirala in the lead, and featuring music composed by A. R. Rahman.
Bombay Dreams is a Bollywood-themed musical, with music by A. R. Rahman, lyrics by Don Black and the book by Meera Syal and Thomas Meehan, originally produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber.
Box Office India is an Indian website Currently, its traffic ranking in India is 34,887 as of 30 December 2016.
British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.
Business Standard is the third largest Indian English-language daily newspaper published by Business Standard Ltd (BSL) in two languages, English and Hindi.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Caméra d'Or ("Golden Camera") is an award of the Cannes Film Festival for the best first feature film presented in one of the Cannes' selections (Official Selection, Directors' Fortnight or International Critics' Week).
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Cannes Festival (Festival de Cannes), named until 2002 as the International Film Festival (Festival international du film) and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival held in Cannes, France, which previews new films of all genres, including documentaries from all around the world.
Caravan is a 1971 Bollywood thriller film, produced by Tahir Hussain under the Nasir Hussain Films & T.V. Films banner and directed by Nasir Hussain.
Cary Grant (born Archibald Alec Leach; January 18, 1904November 29, 1986) was an English-American actor, known as one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men.
Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) (often referred to as the Censor Board) is a statutory censorship and classification body under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India.
The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India.
Chak De! India (English: Go For it! India or Go! India) is a 2007 Indian sports film, directed by Shimit Amin and produced by Aditya Chopra, with a screenplay written by Jaideep Sahni, sports scenes choreographed by Rob Miller, and music by Salim–Sulaiman.
Chalte Chalte is a 2003 Indian romantic drama movie starring Shah Rukh Khan and Rani Mukerji, directed by Aziz Mirza.
Chances Are is a 1989 American romantic comedy film directed by Emile Ardolino and starring Cybill Shepherd, Robert Downey, Jr., Ryan O'Neal, and Mary Stuart Masterson.
Chandni is a 1989 Indian romantic musical drama film, directed and produced by Yash Chopra in a screenplay written by Kamna Chandra, Arun Kaul, Sagar Sarhadi and Umesh Kalbagh.
Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.
Chennai Express is a 2013 Indian Hindi-language action comedy film directed by Rohit Shetty and written by Sajid-Farhad and Yunus Sajawal.
Chetan Anand (3 January 1921 – 6 July 1997) was a Hindi film producer, screenwriter and director from India, whose debut film, Neecha Nagar, was awarded the Palme d'Or (Best Film) award at the first ever Cannes Film Festival in 1946.
Chhoti Si Baat is a 1976 Hindi romantic comedy film directed by Basu Chatterjee.
Chicago is a 2002 American musical crime comedy-drama film based on the stage-musical of the same name, exploring the themes of celebrity, scandal, and corruption in Chicago during the Jazz Age.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.
China Gate is a 1998 Indian action film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi.
The China News Service is the second largest state-owned news agency in China, after the Xinhua News Agency.
China–India relations, also called Sino-Indian relations or Indo-China relations, refers to the bilateral relationship between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of India.
Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu and wushu, are the several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China.
Ching Siu-tung (born 1953), also known as Tony Ching, is a Hong Kong action choreographer, actor, film director and producer, who has directed over 20 films, including the critically acclaimed supernatural fantasy A Chinese Ghost Story (1987).
Chori Chori Chupke Chupke (English: Secretly and Stealthily) is a 2001 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Abbas-Mustan.
Ciara Princess Harris (born October 25, 1985), known mononymously as Ciara (pronounced), is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, model and actress.
Asian cinema refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Asia, and is also sometimes known as Eastern cinema.
The cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan.
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan.
The Cinema of India consists of films produced in the nation of India.
Nepali cinema does not have a very long history, but the industry has its own place in the cultural heritage of the country.
The Cinema of Pakistan or Pakistani cinema (پاکِستانی سینما) refers to the filmmaking industry in Pakistan.
The cinema of the Soviet Union, not to be confused with "cinema of Russia" despite films in the Russian language being predominant in the body of work so described, includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow.
The cinema of the United States, often metonymously referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on the film industry in general since the early 20th century.
The cinema of West Bengal (ṭôliuḍ), also known as Tollywood refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Cinematography (also called Direction of Photography) is the science or art of motion-picture photography by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as film stock.
CNN International (CNNI), simply referred to on the channel as CNN, is an international 24-hour English language cable, satellite, IPTV and digital terrestrial television channel that is operated by CNN.
CNN-News18 (originally CNN-IBN) is an Indian English-language news television channel founded by Rajdeep Sardesai located in Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
Columbia University Press is a university press based in New York City, and affiliated with Columbia University.
Comedy is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor.
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; r), also nicknamed the Russian Commonwealth (in order to distinguish it from the Commonwealth of Nations), is a political and economic intergovernmental organization of nine member states and one associate member, all of which are former Soviet Republics located in Eurasia (primarily in Central to North Asia), formed following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Company is a 2002 Indian crime-thriller film directed by Ram Gopal Varma.
Continental or mainland Europe is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands.
Copenhagen Business School (Danish: Handelshøjskolen i København) often abbreviated and referred to as CBS (also in Danish), is a public university situated in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Crime cinema, in the broadest sense, is a cinematic genre inspired by and analogous to the crime fiction literary genre.
Cuckoo Moray, also credited as Cuckoo or Cukoo, (1928 - 30 September 1981) was an Anglo-Indian dancer and actress in Indian cinema.
A cult following is a group of fans who are highly dedicated to a work of culture, often referred to as a cult classic.
Dabangg (Fearless) is a 2010 Indian action film directed by Abhinav Kashyap, and produced by Arbaaz Khan under Arbaaz Khan Productions.
Dacoity is a term used for "banditry" in Bengali, Odiya, Hindi, Kannada and Urdu.
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb Phalke (दादासाहेब फाळके) (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944), was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the Father of Indian cinema.
Daily News and Analysis (DNA) is an Indian broadsheet newspaper launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jaipur, Bengaluru and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format. It targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation.
Dangal (Wrestling competition) is a 2016 Indian Hindi-language biographical sports drama film, directed by Nitesh Tiwari and produced by Aamir Khan, under his studio Aamir Khan Productions with UTV Motion Pictures and Walt Disney Pictures India.
Danny Boyle (born 20 October 1956) is an English director, producer, screenwriter and theatre director, known for his work on films including Shallow Grave, Trainspotting, The Beach, 28 Days Later, Sunshine, Slumdog Millionaire, 127 Hours, and Steve Jobs.
Darr: A Violent Love Story (English: Fear) is a 1993 Indian psychological romantic thriller film directed by Yash Chopra under the banner of Yash Raj Films, inspired by the movie Cape Fear.
Deepika Padukone (born 5 January 1986) is an Indian film actress.
Deewaar is a 1975 Indian crime drama film, written by Salim-Javed (Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar), directed by Yash Chopra, and starring Shashi Kapoor, Amitabh Bachchan, Nirupa Roy, Parveen Babi and Neetu Singh.
Desi is a loose term for the people, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent or South Asia and their diaspora, derived from the Ancient Sanskrit देश (deśá), meaning Land or Country.
Dharamdev Pishorimal Anand (26 September 1923 – 3 December 2011), known as Dev Anand, was a noted Indian film actor, writer, director, and producer known for his work in Indian cinema.
Devanagari (देवनागरी,, a compound of "''deva''" देव and "''nāgarī''" नागरी; Hindi pronunciation), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group,, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) used in India and Nepal.
Devdas is a 2002 Indian romantic drama film directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali and based on the 1917 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's novel Devdas.
Devo (originally) is an American rock band from Akron, Ohio formed in 1973.
Dharma Productions Pvt.
Dharmatama is a 1975 Hindi thriller movie and the first Bollywood film to be shot in Afghanistan.
Dharmendra MP (born ਧਰਮ ਸਿੰਘ ਦਿਓਲ Dharam Singh Deol, ndtv.com; accessed 4 November 2016. 8 December 1935) is an Indian film actor, producer and politician.
Dharti Ke Lal (Children of the Earth in English) is a 1946 Hindi-Urdu film, the first directorial venture of the noted film director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (K. A. Abbas).
Dhoom 2 (English: Blast 2, also abbreviated and known as D:2, D2 and Dhoom 2: Back In Action) is a 2006 Indian action thriller film directed by Sanjay Gadhvi and produced by Aditya Chopra and Yash Chopra at an estimated budget of under the Yash Raj Films banner.
Dhoom 3 (English: Blast 3 or Boom 3, also abbreviated and known as D:3 and D3) is a 2013 Indian action thriller film written and directed by Vijay Krishna Acharya and produced by Aditya Chopra.
Die Tageszeitung (“The Daily Newspaper”), stylized as die tageszeitung and commonly referred to as taz, is a cooperative-owned German daily newspaper administrated by its employees.
Diet Coke (called Coca-Cola Light in some countries) is a sugar-free soft drink produced and distributed by The Coca-Cola Company.
Dil Jo Bhi Kahey... (Whatever The Heart Says) is a Bollywood film released in 2005.
Dil Se.. is a 1998 Indian romantic thriller film in the backdrop of the insurgency in Northeast India, written and directed by Mani Ratnam, and produced by him, Ram Gopal Varma and Shekhar Kapur.
Dil To Pagal Hai (English: The Heart Is Crazy), is a 1997 Indian musical romance film directed by Yash Chopra.
Dilip Kumar (born Muhammad Yusuf Khan; 11 December 1922) is an Indian film actor, producer, screenwriter, and activist, known for his work in Hindi cinema.
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (italic), also known by the initialism DDLJ, is an Indian romance film, directed by Aditya Chopra (in his directorial debut), produced by his father Yash Chopra, and written by Javed Siddiqui with Aditya Chopra.
Dimple Kapadia (born 8 June 1957) is an Indian film actress.
Dinesh Raheja (born March 31, 1957) is an Indian author, columnist, TV scriptwriter, film historian.
The Directorate of Film Festivals in India is an organisation that initiates and presents the International Film Festival of India, the National Film Awards and the Indian Panorama.
Disco Dancer is a 1982 Indian Bollywood musical drama film, written by Rahi Masoom Raza and directed by Babbar Subhash.
David Marvin Blake (born January 18, 1970), better known by his stage name DJ Quik, is an American hip hop recording artist, DJ and record producer.
Do Bigha Zamin is a 1953 Hindi film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and starring Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles.
Don is a 1978 Indian crime thriller action film, written by Salim-Javed (Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar), produced by Nariman Irani, and directed by Chandra Barot.
Don 2 (also known as Don: The King Is Back) is a 2011 Indian action thriller film, co-written, co-produced and directed by Farhan Akhtar.
"Don't Phunk with My Heart" (censored as "Don't Mess with My Heart") is a song recorded by American recording group The Black Eyed Peas, taken from the fourth studio album Monkey Business (2005).
Dotdash (formerly About.com) is an American Internet-based network of content that publishes articles and videos about various subjects on its "topic sites", of which there are nearly 1,000.
Douban.com, launched on March 6, 2005, is a Chinese social networking service website allowing registered users to record information and create content related to film, books, music, recent events and activities in Chinese cities.
Andre Romelle Young (born February 18, 1965), better known by his stage name Dr.
In reference to film and television, drama is a genre of narrative fiction (or semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humorous in tone.
Dreamgirls is a 2006 American romantic musical drama film written and directed by Bill Condon and jointly produced and released by DreamWorks Pictures and Paramount Pictures.
Dubbing, mixing or re-recording is a post-production process used in filmmaking and video production in which additional or supplementary recordings are "mixed" with original production sound to create the finished soundtrack.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent.
The Economic and Political Weekly is a weekly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all social sciences, and is published by the Sameeksha Trust.
The economic liberalisation in India refers to the economic liberalisation, initiated in 1991, of the country's economic policies, with the goal of making the economy more market and service-oriented and expanding the role of private and foreign investment.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Ek Tha Tiger (English: Once There was a Tiger) is a 2012 Indian action spy thriller film directed by Kabir Khan and produced by Aditya Chopra of Yash Raj Films.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Electropop is a variant of synth-pop that places more emphasis on a harder, electronic sound.
Emma Brown Garrett is an Australian born actress who is working in Indian Bollywood and Bengali movies.
Enchanted is a 2007 American musical fantasy romantic comedy film, produced by Walt Disney Pictures and Sonnenfeld and Josephson Entertainment.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Epic films are a style of filmmaking with large scale, sweeping scope, and spectacle.
Eros International Media Ltd is an Indian motion picture production and distribution company, based in Mumbai.
Escape From Taliban is a 2003 Indian film that is directed by Ujjal Chattopadhyaya.
Escapism is the avoidance of unpleasant, boring, arduous, scary, or banal aspects of daily life.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Experimental music is a general label for any music that pushes existing boundaries and genre definitions.
An exploitation film is a film that attempts to succeed financially by exploiting current trends, niche genres, or lurid content.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.
Farewell My Concubine is a 1993 Chinese drama film directed by Chen Kaige.
India is a country with an ancient clothing design tradition, yet an emerging fashion industry.
Feroz Khan (25 September 1939 – 27 April 2009) was an Indian actor, film editor, producer and director in the Hindi film industry.
Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.
The Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) is an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting of the Government of India and aided by the Central Government of India.
Film City is an integrated film studio complex situated near Sanjay Gandhi National Park at Goregaon East, Mumbai in India.
The Film Federation of India (FFI) is an apex body of the Indian film producers (around 18,000), distributors (around 20,000), exhibitors (around 12,000) and studio owners, headquartered in Mumbai.
The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors, and other film crew personnel.
Filmfare is an English-language, tabloid-sized magazine about Hindi-language cinema, popularly known as Bollywood.
The Filmfare Awards are presented annually by The Times Group to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the '''Hindi''' language film industry of India.
Filmi ("of films") music soundtracks are produced for India's mainstream motion picture industry and written and performed for Indian cinema.
Firstpost is an Indian news and media website.
FiveThirtyEight, sometimes referred to as 538, is a website that focuses on opinion poll analysis, politics, economics, and sports blogging.
Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople.
A folk dance is developed by people that reflect the life of the people of a certain country or region.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward.
Gadar: Ek Prem Katha (English: Revolt: A Love Story) is a 2001 Indian period action drama film starring Sunny Deol, Amisha Patel, and Amrish Puri, set in the time of the Partition of India in 1947.
Gardish is a 1993 Indian Hindi film written and directed by Priyadarshan, starring Jackie Shroff and Dimple Kapadia.
Gazeta Wyborcza (meaning Electoral Newspaper in English) is a newspaper published in Warsaw, Poland.
Geeta Dutt (born Geeta Ghosh Roy Chowdhuri; 23 November 1930 – 20 July 1972) was a prominent Indian playback singer and a famous bengali-hindi classical artist, born in Faridpur before the Partition of India.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Ghajini is a 2008 Indian Hindi-language action-thriller film written and directed by A. R. Murugadoss, with a climax co-written by Aamir Khan, and produced by Allu Aravind, Tagore Madhu and Madhu Mantena.
The ghazal (غزَل, غزل, غزل), a type of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry.
The Global Times is a daily Chinese tabloid newspaper under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues from China's perspective.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Gopi (गोपी) is a Sanskrit word originating from the word Gopala referring to a person in charge of a herd of cows.
Govind Nihalani (born 19 December 1940) is an Indian film director, cinematographer, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Hindi cinema.
Govinda Ahuja (born 21 December 1963) is Indian film actor, dancer, comedian and former politician known for his work in Hindi films.
A Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Eldred Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an American actor, one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s.
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pet name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist, musician, composer and film director.
Gunga Jumna (also transliterated as Ganga Jamuna or Ganga Jamna) is a 1961 Indian dacoit crime drama film, produced in Technicolor.
Vasanth Kumar Shivashankar Padukone (9 July 1925 – 10 October 1964), better known as Guru Dutt, was an Indian film director, producer and actor.
Guyana (pronounced or), officially the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.
Guzaarish (italic) is a 2010 Indian drama film written, composed and directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali.
Hachette is a French publisher.
Hairspray is a 2007 musical romantic comedy film based on the 2002 Broadway musical of the same name, which in turn was based on John Waters's 1988 comedy film of the same name.
Haji Mastan (1 March 1926 25 June 1994), popularly known as Haji Mastan, Bawa, or Sultan, was an Indian gangster, smuggler, film financier and real estate businessman.
Happy New Year, sometimes abbreviated as HNY is a 2014 Indian heist film directed by Farah Khan and produced by Gauri Khan under the banner of Red Chillies Entertainment.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
, sometimes credited as Harry Hosono, is a Japanese musician, singer, songwriter and record producer.
The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
Hay House is a New Thought and self-help publisher founded in 1984 by author Louise Hay,, Michael Kinsman, December 4, 2005, San Diego Union-Tribune when she self-published her books Heal Your Body and You Can Heal Your Life.
He Ping (born 1957 in Shanxi) is a Chinese film director, screenwriter and producer whose main filmography consists of a hybrid genre of Western-wuxia movies.
Helen Richardson Khan (born Helen Ann Richardson on 21 November 1938), popularly known as only Helen, is a Burma-born Indian film actress and dancer, working in Hindi films.
Hema Malini (born 16 October 1948) is an Indian actress,writer,lecturer, director, producer, dancer and politician.
Hemanta Mukherjee (16 June 1920 – 26 September 1989); often credited as Hemant Kumar outside Bengal) was an Indian music director, composer and playback singer,who sang in Bengali, Hindi and other Indian languages. He is also one of the known artists of Rabindra Sangeet. He won two National awards for the category best male playback singer.
Heroic bloodshed is a genre of Hong Kong action cinema revolving around stylized action sequences and dramatic themes such as brotherhood, duty, honour, redemption and violence.
Heyy Babyy is a 2007 Indian Hindi romantic comedy film starring Akshay Kumar, Fardeen Khan, Vidya Balan, Riteish Deshmukh, Juanna Sanghvi and Boman Irani.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST: Hindī), or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST: Mānak Hindī) is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.
The Hindi Belt or Hindi Desh, sometimes referred to as the Hindi-Urdu Region, is a linguistic region in north-central India where Hindi (including its dialects) and Urdu are widely spoken.
Hindi film distribution circuits comprises territories which have been created by film distributors for releasing Hindi cinema or Hindustani cinema (as it was earlier known) across India.
Hindi literature (हिन्दी साहित्य, Hindi Sahitya) includes literature in the various Central Zone Indo-Aryan languages which have writing systems.
Hindi Medium is a 2017 Indian Hindi-language comedy-drama film, written by Zeenat Lakhani and directed by Saket Chaudhary.
Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.
Hindustan Times is an Indian English-language daily newspaper founded in 1924 with roots in the Indian independence movement of the period ("Hindustan" being a historical name for India).
Hindustani (हिन्दुस्तानी, ہندوستانی, ||lit.
Hinglish, a portmanteau of Hindi and English, is the macaronic hybrid use of English and South Asian languages from across the Indian subcontinent, involving code-switching between these languages whereby they are freely interchanged within a sentence or between sentences.
The term historical period drama (also historical drama, period drama, costume drama, and period piece) refers to a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television.
Hitch is a 2005 American romantic comedy film directed by Andy Tennant and starring Will Smith.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
Hong Kong action cinema is the principal source of the Hong Kong film industry's global fame.
Hong Kong Cinemagic, sometimes referred to as HKCinemagic, is a bilingual (French and English) website providing a repository for information about Chinese language films from Hong Kong, China and Taiwan, and the people who created them.
Hong Kong University Press is the university press of the University of Hong Kong.
The hooker with a heart of gold (also the whore with a heart of gold or the tart with a heart) is a stock character involving a courtesan or prostitute with a hidden integrity and kindness.
Hrithik Roshan (born 10 January 1974) is an Indian actor who appears in Bollywood films.
Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (italic) also known by the initialism HAHK, is a 1994 Indian musical romantic-comedy film, written and directed by Sooraj Barjatya, and produced by Rajshri Productions.
Inder Raj Anand (इंदर राज आनन्द; died 6 March 1987) was an Indian film dialogue and screenwriter in Hindi cinema, who worked on many Raj Kapoor films, starting with Aag (1948), Aah (1953), Anari (1959) and Sangam (1963).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The India–Pakistan cricket rivalry is one of the most extreme and intensified sports rivalries in the world.
Indian classical dance, or Shastriya Nritya, is an umbrella term for various performance arts rooted in religious Hindu musical theatre styles,, Quote: All of the dances considered to be part of the Indian classical canon (Bharata Natyam, Chhau, Kathak, Kathakali, Manipuri, Mohiniattam, Odissi, Sattriya and Yakshagana) trace their roots to religious practices (...) the Indian diaspora has led to the translocation of Hindu dances to Europe, North America and the world." whose theory and practice can be traced to the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra.
The term Indian classical drama refers to the tradition of dramatic literature and performance in ancient India.
Indian classical music is a genre of South Asian music.
Indian English is any of the forms of English characteristic of India.
Indian epic poetry is the epic poetry written in the Indian subcontinent, traditionally called Kavya (or Kāvya; Sanskrit: काव्य, IAST: kāvyá) or Kappiyam (Tamil language: காப்பியம், kāppiyam).
The Indian independence movement encompassed activities and ideas aiming to end the East India Company rule (1757–1857) and the British Indian Empire (1857–1947) in the Indian subcontinent.
Indian literature refers to the literature produced on the Indian subcontinent until 1947 and in the Republic of India thereafter.
Indian martial arts refers to the fighting systems of the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.
Indian South Africans are citizens and residents of South Africa of Indian descent.
Indiana University (IU) is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States.
Indiana University Press, also known as IU Press, is an academic publisher founded in 1950 at Indiana University that specializes in the humanities and social sciences.
Indo-Persian culture refers to those Persian aspects that have been integrated into or absorbed into the cultures of South Asia and in particular, into North India, and Pakistan.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indosphere is a term coined by the linguist James Matisoff for areas of Indian linguistic and cultural influence in Southeast Asia.
Information technology in India is an industry consisting of two major components: IT services and business process outsourcing (BPO).
The Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (IPCS), was founded in 1996 as an independent think-tank to develop an alternative framework for Peace and Security in South Asia through independent research and analysis.
The International Federation of Film Critics (FIPRESCI, short for Fédération Internationale de la Presse Cinématographique) is an association of national organizations of professional film critics and film journalists from around the world for "the promotion and development of film culture and for the safeguarding of professional interests." It was founded in June 1930 in Brussels, Belgium.
The International Indian Film Academy Awards (also known as the IIFA Awards) are a set of awards presented annually by the International Indian Film Academy to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in Bollywood, the Hindi language film industry.
Saahabzaade Irfan Ali Khan (born 7 January 1966), credited as Irrfan Khan or simply Irrfan, is an Indian film actor, known for his work predominantly in Hindi cinema, as well as his works in British films and Hollywood.
Ismat Chughtai (21 August 1915–24 October 1991) was an Indian Urdu language writer.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jab We Met (English: When We Met) is a 2007 Indian romantic comedy film directed and written by Imtiaz Ali.
Jai Kishan Kakubhai "Jackie" Shroff (born 1 February 1957) is an Indian actor.
Jacqueline Fernandez (born 11 August 1985) is a Sri Lankan actress, former model, and the winner of the Miss Sri Lanka Universe pageant of 2006, Currently living in India and working in Bollywood Films.
Jagged Edge is a 1985 American courtroom thriller written by Joe Eszterhas and directed by Richard Marquand.
Jai Santoshi Maa is a 1975 low-budget Hindi film that became one of the top blockbusters of all time.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
The, often called the Japan Academy Awards or the Japanese Academy Awards, is a series of awards given annually since 1978 by the Nippon Academy-shō Association for excellence in Japanese film.
The was established in 1972 by an Act of the National Diet as a special legal entity to undertake international dissemination of Japanese culture, and became an Independent Administrative Institution under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 1 October 2003 under the "Independent Administrative Institution Japan Foundation Law".
Jatra (যাত্রা, origin: Yatra meaning procession or journey in Sanskrit) is a popular folk-theatre form of Bengali theatre, spread throughout most of Bengali speaking areas of the Indian subcontinent, including Bangladesh and Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa and Tripura As of 2005, there were some 55 troupes based in Calcutta's old jatra district, Chitpur Road, and all together, jatra is a $21m-a-year industry, performed on nearly 4,000 stages in West Bengal alone, where in 2001, over 300 companies employed over 20,000 people, more than the local film industry and urban theatre.
Javed Akhtar (born 17 January 1945) is an Indian poet, lyricist and screenwriter.
Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan (born Jaya Bhaduri on 9 April 1948) is an Indian film actress and politician.
Jaya Prada (born 3 April 1962) is an Indian film actress and politician.
Jeetendra (born Ravi Kapoor on 7 April 1942) is an Indian actor, TV and film producer as chairman of the Balaji Telefilms, Balaji Motion Pictures and ALT Entertainment.
Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje(झनक झनक पायल बाजे) is a 1955 Bollywood film directed by V. Shantaram.
John Abraham (born 17 December 1972) is an Indian film actor, producer and a former model who appears in Hindi films.
John Winston Howard, (born 26 July 1939) is a former Australian politician who served as the 25th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1996 to 2007.
John Woo SBS (Wu Yu-seng; Ng Yu-sum (Cantonese); born May 1, 1946) is a Chinese-born Hong Kong film director, writer, and producer.
Jordan (الْأُرْدُنّ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية), is a sovereign Arab state in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River.
Juhi Chawla (born 13 November 1967) is an Indian actress, model, film producer, and the winner of the 1984 Miss India beauty pageant.
Kundanlal Saigal, often abbreviated as K. L. Saigal (11 April 1904 – 18 January 1947), was an Indian singer and actor who is considered the first superstar of the Hindi film industry, which was centred in Kolkata during Saigal's time, but is currently centred in Mumbai.
Kaagaz Ke Phool (Kāgaz kē Phūl, Translation: "Paper Flowers") is a 1959 Hindi film produced and directed by Guru Dutt, who also played the lead role in the film.
Kabhi Alvida Naa Kehna (Never say goodbye) is a 2006 Indian Hindi-language musical romantic drama, directed by Karan Johar and produced under the Dharma Productions banner.
Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (English: Sometimes there's Happiness, Sometimes there's Sorrow), also known as K3G, is a 2001 Indian family drama film written and directed by Karan Johar and produced by Yash Johar.
Kabul Express (Hindi: काबुल एक्स्प्रेस, Urdu) is an Indian dystopian-adventure film written and directed by documentary film maker Kabir Khan and produced by Aditya Chopra under Yash Raj Films was released on 15 December 2006.
Kader Khan (born 11 December 1937) is an Afghan-born Indian-Canadian film actor, screenwriter, comedian, and director.
Kahaani is a 2012 Indian Hindi-language mystery thriller film co-written, co-produced and directed by Sujoy Ghosh.
KAIST (formally the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) is a public research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea.
Kajol (born Kajol Mukherjee; 5 August 1974), also known by her married name Kajol Devgn, is an Indian film actress, who predominantly works in Hindi cinema.
Kal Ho Naa Ho (italic), also abbreviated as KHNH, is a 2003 Indian romantic drama film directed by Nikkhil Advani.
Kalyanji–Anandji are an Indian composer duo from Gujarat: Kalyanji Virji Shah (30 June 1928 - 24 August 2000) and his brother Anandji Virji Shah (born 2 March 1933).
Syed Amir Haider Kamal Naqvi (سیّد امِیر حَیدر کمال نقوی), popularly known as Kamal Amrohi (کمال امروہی), (17 January 1918 – 11 February 1993) was an Indian film director and screenwriter.
Kangana Ranaut (born 23 March 1987) is an Indian film actress.
Kareena Kapoor (born 21 September 1980), also known by her married name Kareena Kapoor Khan, is an Indian actress who appears in Hindi films.
Karisma Kapoor (born 25 June 1974) is an Indian film actress.
Karz (The debt) is a 1980 Indian Hindi-language thriller film, directed by Subhash Ghai, starring Rishi Kapoor and Tina Munim as leads, also starring Simi Garewal, in the critically acclaimed role of Kamini Verma, the murderous wife from the past life, which won her a Filmfare nomination.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kasoor (English: Fault) is a 2001 Indian Hindi suspense thriller film produced under Mukesh Bhatt's Vishesh Entertainment Ltd. and directed by Vikram Bhatt.
Katrina Kaif (born Katrina Turquotte, 16 July 1983) is an English actress who works in Hindi films.
Kavita Krishnamurthy is an Indian film playback singer.
Kelly Poon (born 11 July 1983) is a Singaporean Chinese singer who emerged from one of the Project SuperStar singing competition held in Singapore.
Ketan Mehta (born 1952) is an Indian film director, who has also directed documentaries and television serials since 1975.
Khal Nayak (Villain) is a 1993 Indian Hindi action thriller film produced and directed by Subhash Ghai.
Khans of Bollywood is a term used to describe leading male actors of Bollywood, the Mumbai-based Hindi-language Indian film industry, whose surnames are Khan.
Khiladi is a media franchise consisting of a Bollywood action film series and an Indian stunt television series, starring Akshay Kumar.
Khuda Gawah is a 1992 Indian epic drama film, written and directed by Mukul S. Anand.
Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (7 June 1914 – 1 June 1987), popularly known as K. A. Abbas, was an Indian film director, screenwriter, novelist, and a journalist in the Urdu, Hindi and English languages.
Kick is a 2014 Indian action heist superhero film produced and directed by Urwah Arif under his Nadiadwala Grandson Entertainment banner.
Kisan Kanhaiya was a 1937 Hindi Cinecolor feature film which was directed by Moti B. Gidwani and produced by Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Pictures.
Kishore Kumar (4 August 1929 – 13 October 1987) was an Indian playback singer, actor, lyricist, composer, producer, director, and screenwriter.
Kisna: The Warrior Poet is an Indian Hindi film written, edited, produced and directed by Subhash Ghai and starring Vivek Oberoi (who plays the title role), Antonia Bernath, and Isha Sharvani.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Krishan Chander (23 November 1914 – 8 March 1977) was an Urdu and Hindi writer of short stories and novels.
Krishna (Kṛṣṇa) is a major deity in Hinduism.
The Kronos Quartet is an American string quartet based in San Francisco.
Krrish is a 2006 Indian superhero film directed, produced, and written by Rakesh Roshan, and starring Hrithik Roshan, Priyanka Chopra, Rekha and Naseeruddin Shah.
Kseniya Lvovna Ryabinkina (Ксения Львовна Рябинкина, born 4 September 1945) is a Soviet and Russian professional ballet dancer and character actor in Russian and Hindi cinema from the 1960s till date.
Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (English: Something... Something Happens) also known as KKHH, is a 1998 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film, released in India and the United Kingdom on 16 October 1998.
Kedarnath Bhattacharya, better known as Kumar Sanu (born 20 October 1957), is a leading Indian playback singer of Bengali background, popular for rendering his voice in Bollywood movies of the 1990s and early 2000s.
Kumar Shahani (born 7 December 1940) is a noted Indian film director and screenwriter, best known for his parallel cinema films, Maya Darpan (1972) and Khayal Gatha (1989) and Kasba (1990).
La Caution is a French hip hop duo consisting of members Hi-Tekk and Nikkfurie of Moroccan descent.
Lagaan (released worldwide as Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India) is a 2001 Indian epic sports-drama film, directed by Ashutosh Gowariker, produced by Aamir Khan and Mansoor Khan, and written by Gowariker and Abbas Tyrewala.
Lage Raho Munna Bhai is a 2006 Indian comedy-drama film directed by Rajkumar Hirani and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra.
Lahore (لاہور, لہور) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.
Languages spoken in India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-Aryan languages spoken by 76.5% of Indians and the Dravidian languages spoken by 20.5% of Indians.
Lara Dutta (born 16 April 1978) is an Indian actress, model and beauty queen who was crowned Miss Intercontinental 1997 and Miss Universe 2000.
Lata Mangeshkar (born 28 September 1929) is an Indian playback singer and occasional music composer.
Latin America is a group of countries and dependencies in the Western Hemisphere where Spanish, French and Portuguese are spoken; it is broader than the terms Ibero-America or Hispanic America.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
Löwenherz (German for "Lionheart") is a German-style board game designed by Klaus Teuber and published in 1997 by Goldsieber in German and by Rio Grande Games in English.
Kinostudiya "Lenfilm" (Киностудия Ленфильм) was a production unit of the Cinema of the Soviet Union, with its own film studio, located in Saint Petersburg, Russia, formerly Leningrad, R.S.F.S.R. Today OAO "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" is a corporation with its stakes shared between private owners and several private film studios, which are operating on the premises.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
Lip sync (short for lip synchronization) is a technical term for matching a speaking or singing person's lip movements with prerecorded sung or spoken vocals that listeners hear, either through the sound reinforcement system in a live performance or via television, computer, cinema speakers, or generally anything with audio output in other cases.
This is a list of cinema of the world by continent and country.
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population.
This is a list of films considered "the best ever", so voted in a notable national or international survey of either critics or the public.
For domestic gross revenue figures, see List of highest-grossing films in India This is a ranking of Indian Hindi films by highest domestic net collection, which includes films in the Hindi language, based on the conservative global box office estimates as reported by industry sources.
The following is a list of the highest-grossing films in China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), based on data by Entgroup's China Boxoffice (CBO) website with the gross in yuan.
This is a ranking of the highest grossing Indian films which includes films from various languages based on the conservative global box office estimates as reported by reputable sources.
Within the Indian film industry, there is a common, recurring theme of many members of a family participating in the film industry.
Hollywood-inspired nicknames, most starting with the first letter(s) of the location and ending in the letters "-ollywood" or "-wood", have been given to various locations around the world with associations to the film industry - inspired by the iconic Hollywood in Los Angeles, California, whose name has come to be a metonym for the motion picture industry of the United States.
Singing actors and actresses in Indian cinema are Indian film actors who do their own singing.
Here are the films of the USSR with the greatest number of ticket sales during the year in question.
This is a list of films produced by Bollywood film industry of Mumbai ordered by year and decade of release.
The Lollywood (لالی وُڈ), is the oldest film industry of Pakistani cinema based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Lucky: No Time For Love is a 2005 Hindi-language film depicting the story of two lovers in war-torn Russia written and directed by Radhika Rao and Vinay Sapru.
Maqbool Fida Husain (17 September 1915 – 9 June 2011)http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-art/painters/m-f-hussain.html, also, India's Most Famous Painter, Dies at 95|work.
Madhubala (born Mumtaz Jehan Begum Dehlavi; 14 February 1933 – 23 February 1969) was an Indian film actress who appeared in classic films of Hindi cinema.
Madhumati is a 1958 Indian paranormal romance film directed and produced by Bimal Roy, and written by Ritwik Ghatak and Rajinder Singh Bedi.
Madhuri Dixit Nene (born 15 May 1967) is an Indian actress who is known for her work in Hindi cinema.
The Mahābhārata (महाभारतम्) is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa.
Maharashtra (abbr. MH) is a state in the western region of India and is India's second-most populous state and third-largest state by area.
Mahesh Bhatt (born 20 September 1948) is an Indian film director, producer and screenwriter known for his works exclusively in Hindi cinema.
Mahima Chaudhry (born 13 September 1973) is an Indian actress and a former model who appears in Bollywood films.
Main Hoon Na (English: Trust me, I am here) is a 2004 Indian comedy-drama film co-written and directed by Farah Khan in her directorial debut.
Maine Pyar Kiya (italic) is a 1989 Indian musical romance film, directed by Sooraj R. Barjatya and written by Barjatya with S. M. Ahale.
Mala Sinha (born 1936) is a former Bollywood actress who has worked in Hindi, Bengali and Nepali films.
Malaika Arora (born 23 October 1973), is an Indian actress, dancer, model, VJ, and television presenter.
The Malay world or Malay realm (Malay: Dunia Melayu or Alam Melayu, Jawi: دنيا ملايو or عالم ملايو) is a concept or an expression that has been utilised by different authors and groups over time to denote several different notions, derived from varied interpretations of Malayness, either as a racial category, as a linguistic group, or as a political-cultural group.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
Mamma Mia! (promoted as Mamma Mia! The Movie) is a 2008 jukebox musical romantic comedy film based on the 1999 musical of the same name, based on the songs of successful pop group ABBA, with additional music composed by ABBA member Benny Andersson.
Mangal Pandey: The Rising (internationally known as The Rising: Ballad of Mangal Pandey) is a 2005 Indian historical biographical drama film based on the life of Mangal Pandey, an Indian soldier known for helping to spark the Indian rebellion of 1857 (also known as "The First War of Indian Independence").
Mani Kaul (25 December 1944 – 6 July 2011) was an Indian director of Hindi films and a figure in Indian parallel cinema.
Gopala Ratnam Subramaniam (born 2 June 1956), commonly known by his screen name Mani Ratnam, is an Indian film director, screenwriter, and producer who predominantly works in Tamil cinema.
Manisha Koirala (born 16 August 1970) is a Nepalese actress who mainly appears in Hindi films, though she has worked in several South Indian and Nepali films.
Manmohan Desai (26 February 1937 – 1 March 1994) was a producer and director of Indian movies.
Prabodh Chandra Dey (1 May 1919 − 24 October 2013), known by his stage name Manna Dey, was an Indian playback singer.
Manoj Bajpayee (born 23 April 1969), also credited as Manoj Bajpai, is an Indian film actor who predominantly works in Hindi cinema and has also done Telugu and Tamil language films.
Mansoor Khan is an Indian film director and producer known for his works in Bollywood.
Marigold (also known as Marigold: An Adventure in India) is a 2007 romantic musical comedy about an American actress who begins a personal transformation and becomes enamored with India as she experiences Bollywood firsthand.
Maritime Southeast Asia is the maritime region of Southeast Asia as opposed to mainland Southeast Asia and comprises what is now Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, and Timor Leste.
Marlon Brando Jr. (April 3, 1924 – July 1, 2004) was an American actor and film director.
Marshall Goodwin Simms Hodgson (April 11, 1922 – June 10, 1968), was an Islamic studies academic and a world historian at the University of Chicago.
Martial arts films are a subgenre of action films, which feature numerous martial arts fights between characters.
Masala films of Indian cinema are those that mix genres in one work.
Mauritius (or; Maurice), officially the Republic of Mauritius (République de Maurice), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about off the southeast coast of the African continent.
(मृच्छकटिका), also spelled Mṛcchakaṭikā, Mrchchhakatika, Mricchakatika, or Mrichchhakatika (The Little Clay Cart) is a ten-act Sanskrit drama attributed to Śūdraka (शूद्रक), an ancient playwright generally thought to have lived sometime between the 3rd century BC and the 5th century AD and identified by the prologue as a Kshatriya king as well as a devotee of Siva who lived for 100 years.
MBC Bollywood is a free-to-air movie channel that broadcasts Bollywood films.
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
Medieval India refers to a long period of the history of the Indian subcontinent between the "ancient period" and "modern period".
Meena Kumari (1 August 1933– 31 March 1972), born Mahjabeen Bano, was an Indian film actress, singer and poet under the pseudonym "Naaz".
Meenakshi Seshadri (born 16 November 1963) is an Indian actress, model and dancer who mainly appeared in Hindi films.
Meghnad Jagdishchandra Desai, Baron Desai (born 10 July 1940) is a United Kingdom economist and Labour politician.
Mehboob Khan (born Mehboob Khan Ramzan Khan; 9 September 1907 at filmreference.com. – 28 May 1964) was a pioneer producer-director of Hindi cinema, best known for directing the social epic Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
A melodrama is a dramatic work in which the plot, which is typically sensational and designed to appeal strongly to the emotions, takes precedence over detailed characterization.
Mera Naam Joker (translation: My Name is Joker) is a 1970 Indian Hindi drama film, directed by Raj Kapoor, with screenplay written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas.
Method acting is a range of training and rehearsal techniques that seek to encourage sincere and emotionally expressive performances, as formulated by a number of different theatre practitioners, principally in the United States, where it is among the most popular—and controversial—approaches to acting.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Mihir Bose (born 12 January 1947) is a journalist and author.
Mint is an Indian financial daily newspaper published by HT Media, a Delhi-based media group which is controlled by the KK Birla family and also publishes Hindustan Times.
Mira Nair (born 15 October 1957) is an Indian-American filmmaker based in New York City.
Gourang Chakraborty (born 16 June 1952), better known by his stage name Mithun Chakraborty (informally referred to as Mithun Da), is an Indian film actor, singer, producer, writer, social worker, entrepreneur, television presenter and a former Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament.
Mohabbatein (Love Stories) is a 2000 Indian musical romantic drama film directed by Aditya Chopra.
Mohammed Rafi (24 December 1924 - 31 July 1980) was an Indian playback singer and one of the most popular and successful singers of the Hindi film industry.
Momtaz Begum-Hossain (মমতাজ বেগম-হোসেন; born 8 December 1981) is an English freelance journalist, craft expert and presenter.
Mosfilm (Мосфильм, Mosfil’m) is a film studio that is among the largest and oldest in the Russian Federation and in Europe.
Mother India is a 1957 Indian epic drama film, directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar, and Raaj Kumar.
Moulin Rouge! (from) is a 2001 Australian-American jukebox musical romantic comedy film directed, co-produced, and co-written by Baz Luhrmann.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
Mughal-e-Azam (English: The Great Mughal) is a 1960 Indian epic historical drama film directed by K. Asif and produced by Shapoorji Pallonji.
Mukesh Chand Mathur (22 July 1923 – 27 August 1976), better known mononymously as Mukesh, was an Indian playback singer.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Mumtaz (ممتاز) is a name commonly used in various countries in the Muslim world, mainly Afghanistan, Brunei, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey, it can also be used as a female name.
Mumtaz Madhvani, formerly Mumtaz (born 31 July 1947), is an Indian Hindi film actress.
Munna Bhai M.B.B.S. is a 2003 Indian comedy-drama film directed by Rajkumar Hirani (in his directorial debut) and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra.
Bollywood songs, more formally known as Hindi film songs, or filmi songs are songs featured in Bollywood films.
The music of Uzbekistan has reflected the diverse influences that have shaped the country.
The musical film is a film genre in which songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing.
My Cousin Vinny is a 1992 American comedy film written by Dale Launer and directed by Jonathan Lynn.
Nana Patekar (born 1 January 1951) is an Indian actor, writer, philanthropist and filmmaker, mainly working in Hindi and Marathi cinema.
Nargis (born Fatima Rashid; 1 June 1929 – 3 May 1981), was an Indian film actress.
Naseeruddin Shah (born 20 July 1950) is an Indian film and stage actor and director, and a prominent figure in Indian parallel cinema.
Nasir Hussain (16 November 1926 – 13 March 2002) was an Indian film producer, director and screenwriter.
Nasreen Munni Kabir (born 1950) is an India-born television producer, director and author based in the U.K. She is best known for producing an annual season of Indian films for the British terrestrial television channel Channel 4.
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremonies in India.
The National Science and Media Museum (formerly the National Media Museum), located in Bradford, West Yorkshire, is part of the national Science Museum Group.
The Nāṭya Śāstra (Sanskrit: नाट्य शास्त्र, Nāṭyaśāstra) is a Sanskrit Hindu text on the performing arts.
In North India, Nautch is one of several styles of popular dance, performed by girls known as Nautch girls.
Nawazuddin Siddiqui (born 19 May 1974) is an Indian film actor, known for his works in Hindi cinema.
Neecha Nagar (नीचा नगर Nīcā nagar, English: Lowly City) is a 1946 Hindi-Urdu film, directed by Chetan Anand, written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and Hayatullah Ansari, and produced by Rashid Anwar.
In art, neorealism refers to a few movements.
Nepal (नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल), is a landlocked country in South Asia located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
New Hollywood, sometimes referred to as the "American New Wave," refers to a movement in American film history from the mid-to-late 1960s to the early 1980s when a new generation of young filmmakers came to prominence in the United States.
New York University Press (or NYU Press) is a university press that is part of New York University.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Nimmi (born 18 February 1933) is a former Indian screen actress who achieved stardom in the 1950s and early 1960s in Hindi films.
Nollywood is a sobriquet that originally referred to the Nigerian film industry.
Noor JehanAshish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen, Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema, British Film Institute, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2002, pp.
Noorie is a 1979 Indian Hindi romance film produced by Yash Chopra, and directed by Manmohan Krishna, who was a noted character actor of the 1950s and 1960s, this was his only film.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Nudity, or nakedness, is the state of wearing no clothing.
Nutan Bahl (born as Nutan Samarth; 4 June 1936 – 21 February 1991), better known as Nutan, was a popular Indian film actress.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
Oldboy is a 2003 South Korean neo-noir action film co-written and directed by Park Chan-wook.
Om Shanti Om is a 2007 Indian romantic melodrama film directed and co-written by Farah Khan with Mayur Puri and Mushtaq Shiekh.
One Thousand and One Nights (ʾAlf layla wa-layla) is a collection of Middle Eastern folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age.
Organised crime in India is a reference to organised crime elements originating in India and active in many parts of the world.
Outlook is a weekly general interest English news magazine published in India.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Padmashree Laloo Prasad Yadav is a Bollywood comedy film directed by and starring Mahesh Manjrekar.
Padmini (12 June 1932 – 24 September 2006) was an Indian actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer, who acted in over 250 Indian films.
Padmini Kolhapure (born 1 November 1965) is an Indian actress and singer, who appeared primarily in Hindi films.
The paisa (Nepali/पैसा, پیسہ), poisha (পয়সা) or baisa (Omani: بيسة) is a monetary unit in several countries.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
The Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival.
Parallel cinema is a film movement in Indian cinema that originated in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s as an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema, represented especially by popular Hindi cinema, known today as Bollywood.
Parsi theatre is a generic term for an influential theatre tradition, staged by Parsis, and theatre companies largely-owned by the Parsi business community, which flourished between 1850 and 1930s.
The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan.
Partner is a 2007 Indian romantic comedy film directed by David Dhawan.
Parveen Babi (4 April 1949 – 20 January 2005) was a popular Indian Hindi/Hindustani film actress, who appeared in 60 feature films and is most remembered for her glamorous roles alongside top heroes of the 1970s and early 1980s in blockbusters such as Deewaar, Amar Akbar Anthony, Namak Halaal, Suhaag and Shaan.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Pehlwani is a form of wrestling from the South Asia.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
The Penguin Group is a trade book publisher and part of Penguin Random House.
Performance art is a performance presented to an audience within a fine art context, traditionally interdisciplinary.
Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.
A Persianate society, or Persified society, is a society that is based on or strongly influenced by the Persian language, culture, literature, art and/or identity.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Peter William Armstrong (born 1 April 1943) is a television and radio producer, whose career at the BBC spanned 25 years.
Phantom Films is an Indian film production and distribution company established by Anurag Kashyap, director Vikramaditya Motwane, producer Madhu Mantena and the former head of UTV Spotboy Vikas Bahl.
Pitchfork is an American online magazine launched in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by Condé Nast.
PK (Drunk) is a 2014 Indian satirical comedy-drama film directed by Rajkumar Hirani, produced by Hirani and Vidhu Vinod Chopra, and written by Hirani and Abhijat Joshi.
Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Political sociology is concerned with the sociological analysis of political phenomena ranging from the State, to civil society, to the family, investigating topics such as citizenship, social movements, and the sources of social power.
The politics of Egypt is based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government, established following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak.
The politics of India takes place within the framework of its constitution.
Pooja Bhatt (born 24 February 1972) is an indian film director, actress, voice over artist, model and film maker.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Pradeep Kumar (born Pradeep Batabyal; 4 January 1925 – 27 October 2001) was an Indian actor who is recognized for his work in Hindi and Bengali cinema.
Preity Zinta (pronounced; born 31 January 1975) is an Indian film actress and entrepreneur.
Press Trust of India (PTI) is the largest news agency in India.
Prithviraj Kapoor (3 November 1906– 29 May 1972) born Prithvinath Kapoor, was a pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry, who started his career as an actor in the silent era of Hindi cinema, associated with IPTA as one of its founding members and who founded the Prithvi Theatres, a travelling theatre company based in Mumbai, in 1944.
Priyanka Chopra (born 18 July 1982) is a global actress, singer, film producer, philanthropist, author and the winner of the Miss World 2000 pageant.
Product placement, also known as embedded marketing, is a marketing technique in which references to specific brands or products are incorporated into another work, such as a film or television program, with specific promotional intent.
Punjab (Urdu, Punjabi:, panj-āb, "five waters") is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and its most populous province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017.
Pyaar To Hona Hi Tha (italic) is a 1998 Indian Hindi romantic comedy film starring Kajol and Ajay Devgn.
Pyaasa (English: Thirsty, or more idiomatically, "Wistful") is a 1957 Indian film, produced and directed by Guru Dutt, written by Abrar Alvi, and starring Guru Dutt, Waheeda Rehman and Mala Sinha.
Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (English: From Doom till Doom), also known by the initialism QSQT, is a 1988 Indian Hindi romantic film, directed by Mansoor Khan, written and produced by his father Nasir Hussain, and starring his cousin Aamir Khan with Juhi Chawla in the lead roles.
Quartz (qz.com) is a news website owned by Atlantic Media.
Queen is a 2014 Indian comedy-drama film directed by Vikas Bahl and produced by Anurag Kashyap, Vikramaditya Motwane, and Madhu Mantena.
Rahul Dev Burman (27 June 1939 – 4 January 1994) was an Indian film score composer, and one of the influential music directors of the Indian film industry.
Ra.One is a 2011 Indian superhero film directed by Anubhav Sinha, and starring Armaan Verma, Shah Rukh Khan, Kareena Kapoor Khan,Arjun Rampal, Shahana Goswami, and Tom Wu in pivotal roles.The script, written by Anubhav Sinha and Kanika Dhillon, originated as an idea that Anubhav Sinha got when he saw a television commercial, and which he subsequently expanded.
Raaz is a 2002 Indian horror film directed by Vikram Bhatt and produced by Mukesh Bhatt, Kumar S. Taurani, Ramesh S. Taurani.
Rachel Dwyer is a professor of Indian Cultures and Cinema at SOAS, University of London.
Radha (IAST), also called Radhika, Radharani, and Radhe, is a Hindu goddess popular in the Vaishnavism tradition.
Rahi Masoom Raza (1 September 1927 – 15 March 1992), born in Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, India, was an Urdu poet.
Ranbir Raj Kapoor (14 December 1924 – 2 June 1988), also known as "the greatest showman of Hindi cinema", was a noted Indian film actor, producer and director of Indian cinema.
Raja Harishchandra is a 1913 Indian silent film, directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke, and is often considered as the first full-length Indian feature film.
Raja Hindustani is a 1996 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Dharmesh Darshan.
Rajesh Khanna (born Jatin Khanna; 29 December 1942 – 18 July 2012) was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is known for his work in Hindi cinema.
Rajinder Singh Bedi (1 September 1915 – 1984) was an Indian Urdu writer of the progressive writers' movement and a playwright, who later worked in Hindi cinema as a film director, screenwriter and dialogue writer.
Rajshri Productions Pvt.
Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman (राजू बन गया जेन्टलमैन, Raju Became a Gentleman) is a 1992 Indian Hindi romance comedy film directed by Aziz Mirza starring Shahrukh Khan, Juhi Chawla, Nana Patekar and Amrita Singh.
Rakesh Roshan, (born Rakesh Roshan Lal Nagrath; 6 September 1949) is an Indian producer, director, screenwriter, editor, former actor and music director in Hindi films.
Raakhee Majumdar (born 15 August 1947) is a former Indian film actress, who has primarily appeared in Hindi films, as well as many Bengali films.
Ram Gopal Varma is an Indian film director, screenwriter and producer, known for his works in Telugu cinema, Bollywood, and television.
Ramayana (रामायणम्) is an ancient Indian epic poem which narrates the struggle of the divine prince Rama to rescue his wife Sita from the demon king Ravana.
Ramlila (Rāmlīlā) (literally 'Rama’s lila or play') is any dramatic folk re-enactment of the life of Rama according to the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana or secondary literature based on it such as the Ramcharitmanas.
Ranbir Kapoor (born 28 September 1982) is an Indian actor and film producer.
Rang De Basanti (Colour it Saffron) is a 2006 Indian drama film written, produced and directed by Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra, and co-written by Rensil D'Silva and Aamir Khan.
Rani Mukerji (born 21 March 1978) is an Indian actress.
Ranveer Singh Bhavnani (born 6 July 1985) is an Indian actor who appears in Hindi films.
A rasa (रस, രാസ്യം.) literally means "juice, essence or taste".
Raveena Tandon Thadani is an Indian actress, producer, and former model.
Rediff.com is an Indian news, information, entertainment and shopping web portal, founded in 1996 as "Rediff On The NeT".
Reincarnation is the philosophical or religious concept that an aspect of a living being starts a new life in a different physical body or form after each biological death.
Reincarnation is regularly mentioned in feature films, books, and popular music.
Bhanurekha Ganesan (born 10 October 1954), better known by her stage name Rekha, is an Indian film actress.
Reliance Entertainment (formerly known as Reliance BIG Entertainment) is a division of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group handling its media and entertainment business, across content and distribution platforms.
A remix is a piece of media which has been altered from its original state by adding, removing, and/or changing pieces of the item.
Rent is a 2005 American musical drama film directed by Chris Columbus.
Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Richard Nelson Corliss (March 6, 1944 – April 23, 2015) was an American film critic and magazine editor for Time.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rishi Kapoor (born 4 September 1952) is an Indian actor, director and producer known for his works in Hindi cinema.
Ritwik Ghatak (4 November 19256 February 1976) was a Bengali filmmaker and script writer.
Robert Anthony De Niro Jr. (born August 17, 1943) is an American actor, producer, and director.
Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on TV that focus on passion, emotion, and the affectionate romantic involvement of the main characters and the journey that their genuinely strong, true and pure romantic love takes them through dating, courtship or marriage.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rowdy Rathore is a 2012 Hindi action comedy film directed by Prabhu Deva, written by Shiraz Ahmed, and produced by Rajat Rawail, Sanjay Leela Bhansali and Ronnie Screwvala.
The Royal Tropical Institute, Dutch: Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT) is a foundation located in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, that studies tropical cultures worldwide.
RTL II is a commercial, privately owned, general-interest German television channel.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
Russia Beyond, previously branded as Russia Beyond the Headlines or the RBTH, is a project/brand started by the TV-Novosti company owned by the Rossiya Segodnya which is a state news agency wholly owned and operated by the Russian government, created by an Executive Order of the President of Russia on December 9, 2013.
Russian (rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language, which is official in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely spoken throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Rutgers University Press is a nonprofit academic publishing house, operating in New Brunswick, New Jersey under the auspices of Rutgers University.
() is a Japanese musician, singer, composer, record producer, activist, writer, actor and dancer, based in Tokyo and New York.
Sadhana Sargam (born 7 March 1969) is a playback singer of Indian cinema with a career spanning over three decades.
Sadhana Shivdasani (2 September 1941 – 25 December 2015), also known by the mononym Sadhana, was a popular Indian Hindi film actress, who was one of the most beautiful and the top actresses in the 1960s, a period regarded as Bollywood's "golden era".
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
Saira Banu (born 23 August 1944), also known as Saira Bano, is a popular Indian Hindi film actress and the wife of the film actor Dilip Kumar.
Salaam Bombay! is a 1988 Indian film written and directed by Mira Nair, and screenwritten by her longtime creative collaborator, Sooni Taraporevala.
Salaam Namaste (English: Hello Greetings) is a 2005 Indian romantic comedy film.
Salim Khan (सलीम ख़ान, سلیم خان; born 24 November 1935) was an Indian film actor and screenwriter.
The Salim Khan family refers to the family of Salim Khan which is a prominent Indian show business family, and is one of the prominent Bollywood film clans.
Salim-Javed were a screenwriting duo in the Indian film industry, composed of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar.
Abdul Rashid Salim Salman Khan (born 27 December 1965), credited as Salman Khan (pronunciation) is an Indian film actor, producer, singer and television personality.
Sanjay Balraj Dutt (born 29 July 1959) is an Indian film actor and producer known for his work in Hindi cinema (Bollywood).
Sanjeev Kumar (born Harihar Jethalal Jariwala; 9 July 1938 – 6 November 1985) was an Indian film actor.
Satya (italics) is a 1998 Indian Hindi language crime film, produced and directed by Ram Gopal Varma; written by Saurabh Shukla and Anurag Kashyap.
Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian filmmaker, screenwriter, graphic artist, music composer and author, widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century.
Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute (SRFTI) is a film and television institute located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
SBS is a national public television network in Australia.
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural and linguistic ties.
The Star Screen Awards, is an annual awards ceremony held in India honouring professional excellence in the Bollywood Film Industry.
A screenplay writer (also called screenwriter for short), scriptwriter or scenarist is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs, comics or video games, are based.
Secret Superstar is a 2017 Indian musical drama film, written and directed by Advait Chandan, and produced by Aamir Khan and Kiran Rao.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Sergey Valentinovich Kudryavtsev (Серге́й Валенти́нович Кудря́вцев; born March 12, 1956) is a Russian film critic and historian.
Set construction is the process undertaken by a construction manager to build full-scale scenery, as specified by a production designer or art director working in collaboration with the director of a production to create a set for a theatrical, film or television production.
Shabana Azmi (born 18 September 1950) is an Indian actress of film, television and theatre.
Shah Rukh Khan (born Shahrukh Khan; 2 November 1965), also known as SRK, is an Indian film actor, producer and television personality.
Shahid Kapoor (born 25 February 1981), also known as Shahid Khattar, is an Indian actor who appears in Hindi films.
Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor; 21 October 1931 – 14 August 2011) was an Indian film actor and director.
Shamshad Begum (Śamśād Bēgam; 14 April 1919 – 23 April 2013)India Post, South Asia Bureau, August 1998 was an Indian singer who was one of the first playback singers in the Hindi film industry.
Sharmila Tagore (also known as Begum Ayesha Sultana; born 8 December 1944) is an Indian film actress known for her works in Hindi cinema as well as Bengali cinema.
Shashi Kapoor (born as Balbir Prithviraj Kapoor; 18 March 1938 – 4 December 2017) was an Indian film actor and producer.
Shilpa Shetty (born 8 June 1975), also known by her married name Shilpa Shetty Kundra, is an Indian film actress, businesswoman, producer, model and writer.
Sholay (meaning "Embers") is a 1975 Indian action-adventure film in Hindi language, written by Salim-Javed, directed by Ramesh Sippy, and produced by his father G. P. Sippy.
Shraddha Kapoor (born 3 March 1987) is an Indian actress and singer who works in Hindi films.
Shree 420 (Hindi: श्री ४२०; translation: Sri 420, also transliterated as Shri 420) is a 1955 Hindi film, directed and produced by Raj Kapoor, written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, and starring Raj Kapoor and Nargis.
Shyam Benegal (born 14 December 1934) is an Indian director and screenwriter.
Sidharth Malhotra (born 16 January 1985) is an Indian actor and former model who appears in Hindi films.
Sify Technologies Limited is an Indian information and communications technology company providing end to end ICT solutions including Telecom Services, Data Center Services, Cloud & Managed services, Transformation Integration Services and Application Integration Services.
Sight & Sound is a British monthly film magazine published by the British Film Institute (BFI).
Sina is a Chinese technology company.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Singh is Kinng is a 2008 Indian action comedy film, directed by Anees Bazmee, which stars Akshay Kumar and Katrina Kaif in lead roles.
A slum is a highly populated urban residential area consisting mostly of closely packed, decrepit housing units in a situation of deteriorated or incomplete infrastructure, inhabited primarily by impoverished persons.
Slumdog Millionaire is a 2008 British drama film directed by Danny Boyle, written by Simon Beaufoy, and produced by Christian Colson.
Slumdog Millionaire: Music from the Motion Picture is the soundtrack album of the British drama film of the same name, directed by Danny Boyle.
Smita Patil (17 October 1955 – 13 December 1986) was an Indian actress of film, television and theatre.
Social realism is the term used for work produced by painters, printmakers, photographers, writers and filmmakers that aims to draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working class and to voice the authors' critique of the social structures behind these conditions.
Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.
Soft power is the ability to attract and co-opt, rather than by coercion (hard power), which is using force or giving money as a means of persuasion.
Somalia (Soomaaliya; aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe Federal Republic of Somalia is the country's name per Article 1 of the.
Sonakshi Sinha (born 2 June 1987) is an Indian film actress and singer.
Sonali Bendre (born 1 January 1975) is an Indian film actress and model who predominantly worked in Hindi films.
Sonam Kapoor (born 9 June 1985), also known by her married name Sonam Kapoor Ahuja, is an Indian actress who appears in Bollywood films.
Sonu Nigam (born 30 July 1973) is an Indian playback singer, live performer, host and actor.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film.
Souten is a 1983 Hindi-language Indian feature film directed by Sawan Kumar Tak, starring Rajesh Khanna, Padmini Kolhapure, Tina Munim, Prem Chopra and Pran.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
The South China Morning Post (also known as SCMP or The Post), with its Sunday edition, the Sunday Morning Post, is a Hong Kong English-language newspaper and Hong Kong's newspaper of record.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Spaghetti Western, also known as Italian Western or Macaroni Western (primarily in Japan), is a broad subgenre of Western films that emerged in the mid-1960s in the wake of Sergio Leone's film-making style and international box-office success.
In media, a spin-off (or spinoff) is a radio program, television program, video game, film, or any narrative work, derived from already existing works that focus on more details and different aspects from the original work (e.g. particular topics, characters or events).
A sports film is a film genre that uses sport as the theme of a film.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
Sridevi (ஸ்ரீதேவி; born Shree Amma Yanger Ayyapan; 13 August 1963 – 24 February 2018) was an Indian actress and film producer who starred in Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, Malayalam, and Kannada films.
The Stardust Awards is an award ceremony for Hindi movies, which is sponsored by Stardust magazine.
Palestine (فلسطين), officially the State of Palestine (دولة فلسطين), is a ''de jure'' sovereign state in the Middle East claiming the West Bank (bordering Israel and Jordan) and Gaza Strip (bordering Israel and Egypt) with East Jerusalem as the designated capital, although its administrative center is currently located in Ramallah.
Stephen Alter (born 1956) is an American author, primarily of non-fiction but also of fiction, who was born and raised in India, where he grew up as the son of missionaries.
Stereotypes of South Asians are broadly believed impressions about individuals of South Asian origin that are often inconsistent with reality.
Stephen Rodger Waugh, AO (born 2 June 1965) is a former Australian international cricketer and twin brother of cricketer Mark Waugh.
A story within a story is a literary device in which one character within a narrative narrates.
A stunt is an unusual and difficult physical feat or an act requiring a special skill, performed for artistic purposes usually on television, theatre, or cinema.
A stunt performer, often referred to as a stuntman, stuntwoman, or daredevil, is a trained professional who performs stunts, often as a career.
Subhash K. Jha is an Indian film critic, journalist from Patna, Bihar.
Sumitra Devi (1923 - 1990) was an Indian actress who is recognized for her work in Hindi as well as Bengali cinema during 1940s and 1950s.
Sunil Shetty (born 11 August 1961) is an Indian film actor, producer and entrepreneur predominantly active in Bollywood who has acted in more than 110 films.
Sunny Deol (born 19 October 1956)http://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/bollywood/sunny-deol-birthday-dance-action-3091005/ is an Indian film actor, director and producer known for his works exclusively in Hindi cinema.
Superstar is a term used to refer to someone who has great popular appeal and is widely known, prominent, or successful in some field.
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
Suraiya Jamaal Sheikh (15 June 1929 – 31 January 2004), popularly known as Suraiya, was a popular Indian Hindi/Hindustani film actress and playback singer in Bollywood.
Suriname (also spelled Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname (Republiek Suriname), is a sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.
Sushant Singh Rajput (born 21 January 1986) is an Indian film and television actor.
Sushmita Sen (born 19 November 1975) is an Indian actress, model and beauty queen who was crowned Femina Miss India Universe in 1994 and she later won the Miss Universe 1994 contest at the age of 18.
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (also known simply as Sweeney Todd) is a 2007 musical period horror film directed by Tim Burton and an adaptation of Stephen Sondheim and Hugh Wheeler's Tony Award-winning 1979 musical of the same name.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
T-Series is an Indian film music and production company founded by Gulshan Kumar in the 1980s.
Taare Zameen Par (titled Like Stars on Earth internationally) is a 2007 Indian drama film produced and directed by Aamir Khan.
Tabassum Fatima Hashmi (born 4 November 1971), known mononymously as Tabu, is an Indian film actress.
Tahir Hussain (19 September 1938 – 2 February 2010) was an Indian film producer and director known for his works in Hindi cinema.
The Taj Mahal (meaning "Crown of the Palace") is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra.
Tajikistan (or; Тоҷикистон), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhuriyi Tojikiston), is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an estimated population of million people as of, and an area of.
Tamil cinema is Indian motion pictures produced in the Tamil language.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tania Zaetta (born 17 November 1970) is an Australian actress and television presenter who acts in Bollywood.
Tanu Weds Manu Returns is a 2015 Indian romantic comedy film directed by Aanand L. Rai which serves as a sequel to the 2011 film Tanu Weds Manu.
A tawaif was a highly sophisticated courtesan who catered to the nobility of India, particularly during the Mughal era.
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals.
Telangana is a state in the south of India.
Telugu cinema, also known by its sobriquet Tollywood, is the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Telugu language, based in Film Nagar, a neighborhood of Hyderabad, Telangana.
Terukkuttu is a Tamil street theatre form practised in Tamil Nadu state of India and Tamil-speaking regions of Sri Lanka.
In promotion and of advertising, a testimonial or show consists of a person's written or spoken statement extolling the virtue of a product.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.
The Asian Age is an English-language Indian daily newspaper with editions published in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.
The Black Eyed Peas (originally simply Black Eyed Peas) are an American musical group, consisting of rappers will.i.am, apl.de.ap, and Taboo, and formerly Fergie.
The Bollywood Saga: Indian Cinema is a concise overview of the history of Bollywood.
The Brothers (Cantonese: 差人大佬搏命仔 Cha yan daai liu bok meng chai, Mandarin: Cha ren da lao bo ming zai) is a 1979 Hong Kong crime film, directed by Hua Shan, written by Lam Chin Wai and Yuen Cheung, and produced by Runme Shaw under the Shaw Brothers Studio.
The Diplomat is an online international news magazine covering politics, society, and culture in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Dirty Picture is a 2011 Indian biographical musical drama film inspired by the life of Silk Smitha, a South Indian actress noted for her erotic roles.
The Guru is a 2002 British-French-American sex comedy film written by Tracey Jackson and directed by Daisy von Scherler Mayer.
The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered at Chennai.
The Hollywood Reporter (THR) is a multi-platform American digital and print magazine founded in 1930 and focusing on the Hollywood film industry, television, and entertainment industries, as well as Hollywood's intersection with fashion, finance, law, technology, lifestyle, and politics.
The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Phantom of the Opera is a 2004 musical drama film based on Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical of the same name, which in turn is based on the French novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra by Gaston Leroux.
The Producers is a 2005 American musical comedy film directed by Susan Stroman and written by Mel Brooks and Thomas Meehan based on the eponymous 2001 Broadway musical, which in turn was based on Brooks's 1967 film of the same name starring Zero Mostel, Gene Wilder and Andreas Voutsinas.
The Reincarnation of Peter Proud is a 1975 American horror mystery film directed by J. Lee Thompson.
The Statesman is an Indian English-language broadsheet daily newspaper founded in 1875 and published simultaneously in Kolkata, New Delhi, Siliguri and Bhubaneswar.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper owned by The Times Group.
The Tramp (Charlot in several languages), also known as The Little Tramp, was British actor Charlie Chaplin's most memorable on-screen character and an icon in world cinema during the era of silent film.
The Tribune is an Indian English-language daily newspaper published from Chandigarh, New Delhi, Jalandhar, Dehradun and Bathinda.
The Wire (thewire.in) is a news website published by the Foundation for Independent Journalism (FIJ), a non-profit Indian company.
The earliest form of classical theatre of India was the Sanskrit theatre which came into existence only after the development of Greek and Roman theatres in the west.
Tiger Shroff (born Jai Hemant Shroff on 2 March 1990), is an Indian actor who works in Hindi films.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
"All-Time" 100 Movies is a compilation by ''TIME'' magazine featuring and celebrating 100 of "the greatest" films released between March 3, 1923 (when the first issue of TIME was published) and early 2005 (when the list was compiled).
Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance-disaster film directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron.
Tollygunge is a locality of south Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
A town square is an open public space commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings.
Shari Watson (born October 10, 1971, St. Louis, Missouri), known as Truth Hurts, is an American Contemporary R&B singer-songwriter.
Twinkle Khanna (born Tina Jatin Khanna on 29 December 1974) is an Indian author, newspaper columnist, film producer, former film actress and interior designer.
Udit Narayan Jha, credited as Udit Narayan (born 1 December 1955), is a playback singer of Nepalese descent whose songs have been featured mainly in Nepali and Bollywood movies.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, United States.
The University of Minnesota Press is a university press that is part of the University of Minnesota.
The University of Texas Press (or UT Press) is a university press that is part of the University of Texas at Austin.
Urdu (اُردُو ALA-LC:, or Modern Standard Urdu) is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language.
The Urdu alphabet is the right-to-left alphabet used for the Urdu language.
Urdu literature (ادبیات اردو) has a history that is inextricably tied to the development of Urdu, the register of the Hindustani language written in the Perso-Arabic script.
Urdu poetry (اُردُو شاعرى) is a rich tradition of poetry and has many different forms.
Urmila Matondkar is an Indian film actress primarily known for her work in Bollywood films.
Uttar Pradesh (IAST: Uttar Pradeś) is a state in northern India.
Uzbekistan, officially also the Republic of Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi), is a doubly landlocked Central Asian Sovereign state.
Vanity Fair is a magazine of popular culture, fashion, and current affairs published by Condé Nast in the United States.
Varun Dhawan (born 24 April 1987) is an Indian actor.
Veer-Zaara is a 2004 Indian romantic drama film directed and co-produced by Yash Chopra with his son Aditya Chopra.
VH1 (originally an initialism of Video Hits One) is an American cable and satellite television network based in New York City operated by the Viacom Global Entertainment Group, a unit of Viacom Media Networks, a division of Viacom.
Vidya Balan (pronounced; born 1 January 1979) is an Indian actress.
A vigilante is a civilian or organization acting in a law enforcement capacity (or in the pursuit of self-perceived justice) without legal authority.
Vijay Bhatt (born Vrajlal Jagneshwar Bhatt; 12 May 1907 – 17 October 1993) was a noted producer-director-screenwriter of Hindi cinema, who made such films as Ram Rajya (1943), Baiju Bawra (1952), Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959) and Himalaya Ki God Mein (1965).
Vijaya Mehta (born 4 November 1934) is a noted Indian film and theatre director and also an actor in many films from the Parallel Cinema.
Vikram Bhatt (born 1969 in Mumbai) is an Indian film director, producer and screenwriter.
Vinod Chopra Films is an Indian film production company owned and operated by Hindi film-maker Vidhu Vinod Chopra.
Vivek Oberoi (born 3 September 1976) is an Indian film actor known for his works exclusively in Bollywood.
Voice foley is the non-talking "foley", or sound effects, that a voice actor makes to enhance a performance.
Vyjayanthimala (Vyjayanthimala Bali, born 13 August 1936) is an Indian film actress, Bharathanatyam dancer, Carnatic singer, dance choreographer and parliamentarian.
Waheeda Rehman (born 3 February 1938http://trove.nla.gov.au/people/1447973?c.
Wajahat Mirza (وجاہت مرزا, वजाहत मिर्ज़ा) (20 April 1908 – 4 August 1990), also known as Vajahat Mirza and Wajahat Mirza Changezi, was an Indian screenwriter and film director who penned the dialogues of some of the most successful films in India during the 1950s and 1960s, best known for Mughal-e-Azam (1960) and the Academy Award-nominee, Mother India (1957).
Warriors of Heaven and Earth is a 2003 Chinese action adventure film directed by He Ping.
Wedding Crashers is a 2005 American comedy film directed by David Dobkin and written by Steve Faber and Bob Fisher.
West Bengal (Paśchimbāṅga) is an Indian state, located in Eastern India on the Bay of Bengal.
Western culture, sometimes equated with Western civilization, Occidental culture, the Western world, Western society, European civilization,is a term used very broadly to refer to a heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems and specific artifacts and technologies that have some origin or association with Europe.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
What Lies Beneath is a 2000 American supernatural horror film directed by Robert Zemeckis.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yaadon Ki Baaraat (English: Procession of Memories) is a 1973 Indian Bollywood film, directed by Nasir Hussain and written by Salim-Javed (Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar).
Yash Raj Films (YRF) is an Indian film production and distribution company working in Hindi cinema.
Yellow Magic Orchestra (YMO) is a Japanese electronic music band formed in Tokyo in 1978 by Haruomi Hosono (bass, keyboards, vocals), Yukihiro Takahashi (drums, lead vocals) and Ryuichi Sakamoto (keyboards, vocals).
You've Stolen My Heart is a 2005 studio album from the Kronos Quartet, featuring arrangements of the music of Indian composer Rahul Dev Burman, with vocals by Asha Bhosle, who she sang the original versions of the album's songs and was married to Burman until his death in 1995.
Zaira Wasim (born 23 October 2000) is an Indian film child actress.
Zanjeer (italic) is a 1973 Indian crime action film, written by Salim-Javed (mostly by Salim Khan, with assistance from Javed Akhtar), directed and produced by Prakash Mehra, and starring Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bachchan, Pran, Ajit and Bindu.
Zee Aflam (Arabic: زي افلآم)is an India-based satellite television channel owned by Zee Entertainment Enterprises based in Dubai, UAE, which broadcasts Hindi Movies and TV shows in Hindi with Arabic Subtitles.
The Zee Cine Award (ZCA) is an awards ceremony for the Hindi film industry.
Zeenat Aman (born 19 November 1951) is an Indian actress, model and beauty queen best known for her work in Hindi films during the 1970s and 80s.
Zinda (English: Alive) is a 2006 Indian Hindi mystery-thriller film, starring Sanjay Dutt, John Abraham, Lara Dutta and Celina Jaitly.
The 1st annual Cannes Film Festival was held from 20 September to 5 October 1946.
The 41st Cannes Film Festival was held from 11 to 23 May 1988.
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, doing business as 20th Century Fox, is an American film studio currently owned by 21st Century Fox.
3 Idiots is a 2009 Indian coming-of-age comedy-drama film, directed and written by Rajkumar Hirani, and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra, with screenplay by Abhijat Joshi, inspired by the novel Five Point Someone by Chetan Bhagat.
The 66th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television of 2008, was broadcast on January 11, 2009, from the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, United States on the NBC TV network.
The 81st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2008 and took place on February 22, 2009, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST.
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