409 relations: Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna, Adriano Banchieri, Agostino Barelli, Agostino Carracci, Albanians, Alberto Tomba, Alessandro Carloni, Alessandro Cortini, Alessandro Gamberini, Alex Zanardi, Alfonso Lombardi, All Saints' Day, Amedeo Biavati, Amico Aspertini, Angelo Schiavio, Annamaria Cancellieri, Annibale Carracci, Annibale I Bentivoglio, Anteo Zamboni, Antonio Alessandrini, Antonio Basoli, Apennine Mountains, Archbishop, Archiginnasio of Bologna, Archistar, Architect, Argentina, Aristotele Fioravanti, Armistice of Cassibile, Art school, Asmara, Assessor (Italy), Association football, Augusto Righi, Bangladesh, Basilica di Santa Maria dei Servi, Basilica of San Domenico, Basilica of San Francesco, Bologna, Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore, Basketball, Battle of Bologna, Battle of Fossalta, Battle of Legnano, Benito Mussolini, Bentivoglio Altarpiece, Bentivoglio family, Bernabò Visconti, Bertrand du Pouget, Biblioteca Salaborsa, Biennio Rosso, ..., Bioelectricity, Bioelectromagnetics, Black Death, Boii, Bologna Cathedral, Bologna Centrale railway station, Bologna declaration, Bologna F.C. 1909, Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport, Bologna massacre, Bologna metropolitan area, Bologna metropolitan railway service, Bologna Motor Show, Bologna Process, Bologna sausage, Bolognese bell ringing art, Bolognese sauce, Bolognese School, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botanical garden, Byzantine Empire, Cantastoria, Carlo Colombara, Carlo Felice Cillario, Carlo Ruini, Carolingian Empire, Catholic Church, Cesare Borgia, Cesare Cremonini (musician), Cesena, Charlemagne, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Chiara Caselli, Chile, Christian Vieri, Cispadane Republic, Classification yard, Claudio Abbado, Claudio Lolli, Client state, Commuter rail, Comune, Conad, Congress of Vienna, Conrad IV of Germany, Conradin, Conservatorio Giovanni Battista Martini, Coop (Italy), Cooperative, Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor, Coventry, Cremona, Cristina D'Avena, Croatia, Cubic function, Dance, Dante Alighieri, Democratic Party (Italy), Dino Grandi, Domenichino, Donato Creti, Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A., East Asia, Electromagnetism, Elena Duglioli, Elisabetta Sirani, Emilia-Romagna, Enzo of Sardinia, Erasmus, Etruscan civilization, EuroLeague, European Capital of Culture, Exarchate of Ravenna, Excommunication, F.I.S.Co., Far-left politics, Farinelli, Feast of the Ascension, Ferrara, Fiera District, Filipino Italians, First French Empire, Five Star Movement, Flavio Delbono, Floriano Buroni, Forlì, Fortitudo Pallacanestro Bologna, Forza Italia (2013), Fountain of Neptune, Bologna, Francesco Francia, Francesco Lorusso, Francesco Pazienza, Francesco Ricci Bitti, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick of Antioch, Free public transport, Galeazzo Frudua, Galileo affair, Gentrification, Giacomo Bolognini, Gianfranco Fini, Gianluca Pagliuca, Gianni Morandi, Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz, Gino Cervi, Gioachino Rossini, Giordano 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The Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna ("academy of fine arts of Bologna") is a public tertiary academy of fine art in Bologna, in Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy.
Adriano Banchieri (Bologna, 3 September 1568 – Bologna, 1634) was an Italian composer, music theorist, organist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras.
Agostino Barelli (1627, Bologna – c. 1687, Bologna) was an Italian architect of the Baroque.
Agostino Carracci (or Caracci) (16 August 1557 – 22 March 1602) was an Italian painter and printmaker.
The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.
Alberto Tomba (born 19 December 1966 in San Lazzaro di Savena) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from Italy.
Alessandro Carloni is an Italian film director, animator, and art director, best known for his work with DreamWorks Animation in general, particularly the ''Kung Fu Panda'' films.
Alessandro Cortini (born May 24, 1976) is an Italian musician best known for touring and recording with the American band Nine Inch Nails from 2004 to 2008, during the 2013-2014 touring cycle, and is slated for several 2017 live performances.
Alessandro Gamberini (born 27 August 1981) is an Italian footballer who plays for A.C. Chievo Verona as a central defender.
Alessandro Zanardi (born 23 October 1966) is an Italian professional racing driver and paracyclist.
Alfonso Lombardi (ca. 1497-1537), also known as Lombardi da Lucca, Alfonso da Ferrara and as Alfonso Lombardo, was an Italian sculptor and medalist who was born in Ferrara, Italy in 1497, and died in Bologna in 1537.
All Saints' Day, also known as All Hallows' Day, Hallowmas, Feast of All Saints, or Solemnity of All Saints, is a Christian festival celebrated in honour of all the saints, known and unknown.
Amedeo Biavati (4 April 1915 – 22 April 1979) was an Italian footballer, who was born in Bologna.
Amico Aspertini (c. 1474 – 1552), also called Amerigo Aspertini, was an Italian Renaissance painter whose complex, eccentric, and eclectic style anticipates Mannerism.
Angelo Schiavio (15 October 1905 – 17 April 1990) was an Italian footballer who played as a forward.
Annamaria Cancellieri (born 22 October 1943) is the former Italian minister of Interior and the former justice minister.
Annibale Carracci (November 3, 1560 – July 15, 1609) was an Italian painter, active in Bologna and later in Rome.
Annibale I Bentivoglio (August 1415 – July 25, 1445) was a famous member of the Bolognese Bentivoglio family and the absolute ruler of the Italian city of Bologna from 1443 until his death.
Anteo Zamboni (11 April 1911 – 31 October 1926) was a 15-year-old Italian, propaganda of the deed anarchist who tried to assassinate Benito Mussolini in Bologna on 31 October 1926, by shooting at him during the parade celebrating the March on Rome.
Antonio Alessandrini (30 July 1786, Bologna – 6 April 1861 in the same city).
Antonio Basoli (1774–1848) was an Italian painter, interior designer, scenic designer, and engraver, active mostly in Bologna.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
In Christianity, an archbishop (via Latin archiepiscopus, from Greek αρχιεπίσκοπος, from αρχι-, 'chief', and επίσκοπος, 'bishop') is a bishop of higher rank or office.
The Archiginnasio of Bologna is one of the most important buildings in the city of Bologna; once the main building of the University of Bologna, it currently houses the Archiginnasio Municipal Library and the Anatomical Theatre.
Archistar is a software framework to build distributed storage system on the basis of secure fragmentation and information dispersal.
An architect is a person who plans, designs, and reviews the construction of buildings.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Ridolfo "Aristotele" Fioravanti (born c. 1415 or 1420 in Bologna; died c. 1486) was an Italian Renaissance architect and engineer, active in Muscovy from 1475, where he designed the Dormition Cathedral, Moscow during 1475–1479.
The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies during World War II.
An art school is an educational institution with a primary focus on the visual arts, including fine art, especially illustration, painting, photography, sculpture, and graphic design.
Asmara (ኣስመራ), known locally as Asmera (meaning "They made them unite" in Tigrinya), is the capital city and largest city of Eritrea.
In Italy an assessor (in Italian language: assessore) is a member of a Giunta, the executive body in all levels of local government: regions, provinces and communes.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Augusto Righi (27 August 1850 – 8 June 1920) was an Italian physicist and a pioneer in the study of electromagnetism.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Santa Maria dei Servi is a Roman Catholic basilica in Bologna, Italy.
The Basilica of San Domenico is one of the major churches in Bologna, Italy.
The Basilica of Saint Francis (Basilica San Francesco) is a historic church in the city of Bologna in northern Italy.
The Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore is an historic Roman Catholic church in Bologna, region of Emilia Romagna, Italy, serving a monastery of Augustinian friars.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of Bologna was fought in Bologna, Italy from 9–21 April 1945 during the Second World War, as part of the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy.
The Battle of Fossalta was an episode of the War of the Guelphs and Ghibellines in Northern Italy.
The Battle of Legnano was fought on May 29, 1176, between the forces of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, and the Lombard League.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician and journalist who was the leader of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF).
The Bentivoglio Altarpiece is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Lorenzo Costa the Elder, dating to August 1488.
Bentivoglio (Latin: Bentivoius) was an Italian family that became the de facto rulers of Bologna and responsible for giving the city its political autonomy during the Renaissance.
Bernabò or Barnabò Visconti (1323 – 19 December 1385) was an Italian soldier and statesman, who was Lord of Milan.
Bertrand du Pouget (Italian Bertrando del Poggetto) (1280 – 3 February 1352) was a French papal diplomat and Cardinal.
Biblioteca Salaborsa is the main public library in Bologna, region of Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
The Biennio Rosso (English: "Red Biennium" or "Two Red Years") was a two-year period, between 1919 and 1920, of intense social conflict in Italy, following the First World War.
In biology, developmental bioelectricity refers to the regulation of cell, tissue, and organ-level patterning and behavior as the result of endogenous electrically-mediated signaling.
Bioelectromagnetics, also known as bioelectromagnetism, is the study of the interaction between electromagnetic fields and biological entities.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
The Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Βόιοι) were a Gallic tribe of the later Iron Age, attested at various times in Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), Pannonia (Hungary and its western neighbours), parts of Bavaria, in and around Bohemia (after whom the region is named in most languages; comprising the bulk of the Czech Republic), and Gallia Narbonensis.
Bologna Cathedral (Cattedrale Metropolitana di San Pietro, Cattedrale di Bologna), dedicated to Saint Peter, is the cathedral of Bologna in Italy, and the seat and the metropolitan cathedral of the Archbishop of Bologna.
Bologna Centrale is a railway station in Bologna, Italy.
The Bologna Declaration (in full, Joint Declaration of the European Ministers of Education convened in Bologna on 19 June 1999) is the main guiding document of the Bologna process.
Bologna Football Club 1909, known simply as Bologna, is an Italian football club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, formed in 1909 (reformed in 1993).
Bologna Guglielmo Marconi Airport (Aeroporto di Bologna-Guglielmo Marconi) is an international airport serving the city of Bologna in Italy.
The Bologna massacre (strage di Bologna) was a terrorist bombing of the Central Station at Bologna, Italy, on the morning of 2 August 1980, which killed 85 people and wounded more than 200.
Bologna metropolitan area (Italian: Area metropolitana di Bologna) is a term for the urbanized area around the city of Bologna, Italy.
The Bologna metropolitan railway service will be a commuter railway service around the Italian city of Bologna.
The Bologna Motor Show (known as the "Salone internazionale dell'auto e della moto di Bologna" in Italian) is an auto show scheduled to be held annually in December, in Bologna, Italy.
The Bologna Process is a series of ministerial meetings and agreements between European countries to ensure comparability in the standards and quality of higher-education qualifications.
Bologna sausage, sometimes called baloney and known in South African English as polony, is a sausage derived from mortadella, a similar-looking, finely ground pork sausage containing cubes of pork fat, originally from the Italian city of Bologna.
The Bolognese bell ringing system took shape during the Middle Ages, and was perfected in the 19th century.
Bolognese sauce (known in Italian as ragù alla bolognese,, ragù bolognese, or simply ragù) is a meat-based sauce originating from Bologna, Italy, hence the name.
The Bolognese School or the School of Bologna of painting flourished in Bologna, the capital of Emilia Romagna, between the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, and rivalled Florence and Rome as the center of painting.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
Cantastoria (also spelled cantastorie, canta storia or canta historia) comes from Italian for "story-singer" and is known by many other names around the world.
Carlo Colombara (born 1964 in Bologna, Italy) is an Italian operatic bass.
Carlo Felice Cillario (7 February 191513 December 2007) was an Argentinian-born Italian conductor of international renown.
Carlo Ruini (1530–1598) was one of the most noted anatomists of the horse of the 16th century.
The Carolingian Empire (800–888) was a large empire in western and central Europe during the early Middle Ages.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Cesare Borgia (Catalan:; César Borja,; 13 September 1475 – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal with Aragonese origin, whose fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Machiavelli.
Cesare Cremonini (born on 27 March 1980 in Bologna) is an Italian singer-songwriter and actor.
Cesena (Cisêna) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, co-chief of the Province of Forlì-Cesena.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Chiara Caselli (born 22 December 1967) is an Italian actress.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Christian "Bobo" Vieri (born 12 July 1973) is an Italian former professional footballer who played as a centre forward.
The Cispadane Republic was a short-lived republic located in northern Italy, founded in 1796 with the protection of the French army, led by Napoleon Bonaparte.
A classification yard (American and Canadian English) or marshalling yard (British, Hong Kong, Indian, Australian and Canadian English) is a railway yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railway cars onto one of several tracks.
Claudio Abbado, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (26 June 1933 – 20 January 2014) was an Italian conductor.
Claudio Lolli (Bologna, March 28, 1950) is an Italian singer-songwriter, poet, writer and secondary school teacher.
A client state is a state that is economically, politically, or militarily subordinate to another more powerful state in international affairs.
Commuter rail, also called suburban rail, is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
Conad (Consorzio Nazionale Dettaglianti) is an Italian retail store brand which operates one of the largest supermarket chains in Italy.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Conrad (25 April 1228 – 21 May 1254), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was the only son of Emperor Frederick II from his second marriage with Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem.
Conrad (25 March 1252 – 29 October 1268), called the Younger or the Boy, but usually known by the diminutive Conradin (Konradin, Corradino), was the Duke of Swabia (1254–1268, as Conrad IV), King of Jerusalem (1254–1268, as Conrad III), and King of Sicily (1254–1258, de jure until 1268, as Conrad II).
The Conservatorio Giovanni Battista Martini (previously known as the Liceo Musicale di Bologna, and sometimes referred to in English as the Bologna Conservatory) is a college of music in Bologna, Italy.
Coop is a system of Italian consumers' cooperatives which operates the largest supermarket chain in Italy.
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
The Coronation of the Holy Roman Emperor was a ceremony in which the ruler of Europe's then-largest political entity received the Imperial Regalia at the hands of the Pope, symbolizing both the pope's alleged right to crown Christian sovereigns and also the emperor's role as protector of the Roman Catholic Church.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Cremona is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).
Cristina D'Avena (born July 6, 1964 in Bologna) is an Italian singer and actress.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
In algebra, a cubic function is a function of the form in which is nonzero.
Dance is a performing art form consisting of purposefully selected sequences of human movement.
Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.
The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
Dino Grandi (4 June 1895 – 21 May 1988), 1st Conte di Mordano, was an Italian Fascist politician, minister of justice, minister of foreign affairs and president of parliament.
Domenico Zampieri, known as Domenichino for his shortness (October 21, 1581 – April 6, 1641), was an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese or Carracci School of painters.
Donato Creti (24 February 1671 – 31 January 1749) was an Italian painter of the Rococo period, active mostly in Bologna.
Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. is the motorcycle-manufacturing division of Italian company Ducati, headquartered in Bologna, Italy.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.
Electromagnetism is a branch of physics involving the study of the electromagnetic force, a type of physical interaction that occurs between electrically charged particles.
Blessed Elena Duglioli (1472 - 23 September 1520) was an Italian Roman Catholic aristocrat from Bologna noted for her devotion to Christian life and social teachings.
Elisabetta Sirani (8 January 1638 – 28 August 1665) was an Italian Baroque painter and printmaker who died in unexplained circumstances at the age of 27.
Emilia-Romagna (Emilian and Emélia-Rumâgna) is an administrative Region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna.
Enzo (or Enzio; – 14 March 1272) was an illegitimate son of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II, who appointed him 'King of Sardinia' in 1238.
Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (28 October 1466Gleason, John B. "The Birth Dates of John Colet and Erasmus of Rotterdam: Fresh Documentary Evidence," Renaissance Quarterly, The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Renaissance Society of America, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Spring, 1979), pp. 73–76; – 12 July 1536), known as Erasmus or Erasmus of Rotterdam,Erasmus was his baptismal name, given after St. Erasmus of Formiae.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
The EuroLeague, also known as the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague for name sponsorship reasons, is the European-wide top-tier level professional basketball club competition that is organized by Euroleague Basketball, since 2000, for eligible European basketball clubs.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
The Exarchate of Ravenna or of Italy (Esarcato d'Italia) was a lordship of the Byzantine Empire in Italy, from 584 to 751, when the last exarch was put to death by the Lombards.
Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in a religious community or to restrict certain rights within it, in particular receiving of the sacraments.
F.I.S.Co.,(Festival Internazionale sullo Spettacolo Contemporaneo) is an international festival that showcases examples of the convergence taking place across the contemporary arts (dance, theatre, performance, visual and plastic arts).
Far-left politics are political views located further on the left of the left-right spectrum than the standard political left.
Farinelli (24 January 170516 September 1782), was the stage name of Carlo Maria Michelangelo Nicola Broschi, celebrated Italian castrato singer of the 18th century and one of the greatest singers in the history of opera.
The Feast of the Ascension of Jesus Christ, also known as Holy Thursday, Ascension Day, or Ascension Thursday, commemorates the Christian belief of the bodily Ascension of Jesus into heaven.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
Fiera District is the business district of Bologna, Italy.
Filipino Italians are Italians who are either migrants or descendants of migrants from the Philippines.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S) is a political party in Italy.
Flavio Delbono (born 17 September 1959) is an Italian politician and economist.
Floriano Buroni or Bonis (active c. 1670) was an Italian engraver.
Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.
Fortitudo Pallacanestro Bologna 103, currently known as Consultinvest Bologna for sponsorship reasons, is a basketball club based in Bologna, Italy.
Forza ItaliaThe name is not usually translated into English: forza is the second-person singular imperative of ''forzare'', in this case translating to "to compel" or "to press", and so means something like "Forward, Italy", "Come on, Italy" or "Go, Italy!".
The Fountain of Neptune (Fontana di Nettuno) is a monumental civic fountain located in the eponymous square, Piazza del Nettuno, next to Piazza Maggiore, in Bologna, Italy Its bronze figure of Neptune, extending his reach in a lordly gesture of stilling and controlling the waters, is an early work by Giambologna, completed about 1567.
Francesco Francia, whose real name was Francesco Raibolini (1447 – January 5, 1517), was an Italian painter, goldsmith, and medallist from Bologna, who was also director of the city mint.
Pierfrancesco Lorusso (Bologna, 7 October 1952 – Bologna, 11 March 1977), generally known as Francesco Lorusso, was an Italian militant of the far-left extra-parliamentary organization Lotta Continua who was shot dead by carabinieri in Bologna on 11 March 1977 during the riots of that year.
Francesco Pazienza (born in Monteparano in the 1946) is an Italian businessman, and former officer of the Italian military intelligence agency, SISMI.
Francesco Ricci Bitti (born 15 January 1942 in Faenza) is an Italian sports administrator who was the President of the International Tennis Federation from 1999 to 2015.
Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
Frederick's sarcophagus in the Cathedral of Palermo (above) and a frontal reproduction of the same (below).
Free public transport, often called fare-free public transit or zero-fare public transport, refers to public transport funded in full by means other than by collecting fares from passengers.
Galeazzo Frudua is an Italian luthier, Beatles expert, bass, guitar and amplifier builder and guitar making teacher.
The Galileo affair (il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around 1610, culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in 1633 for his support of heliocentrism.
Gentrification is a process of renovation of deteriorated urban neighborhoods by means of the influx of more affluent residents.
Giacomo Bolognini (1664–1734) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
Gianfranco Fini (born 3 January 1952) is an Italian politician, former President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, former leader of the conservative National Alliance, the post-fascist Italian Social Movement and the center-right Future and Freedom party.
Gianluca Pagliuca (born 18 December 1966) is an Italian football coach and former professional goalkeeper.
Gianni Morandi (born December 11, 1944) is an Italian pop singer, actor and entertainer.
Gil Álvarez Carrillo de Albornoz (Egidio Albornoz) (1310 – 23 August 1367) was a Spanish cardinal and ecclesiastical leader.
Gino Cervi (3 May 1901 – 3 January 1974) was an Italian actor.
Gioachino Antonio Rossini (29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces.
Giordano Berti (born 27 February 1959) is an Italian writer and teacher of History of Arts.
Giorgio Morandi (July 20, 1890 – June 18, 1964) was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life.
Giosuè Alessandro Giuseppe Carducci (27 July 1835 – 16 February 1907) was an Italian poet and teacher.
Giovanni Battista or Giambattista Martini, O.F.M. Conv. (24 April 1706 – 3 August 1784), also known as Padre Martini, was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar, who was a leading musician and composer of the period.
Giovanni Boccaccio (16 June 1313 – 21 December 1375) was an Italian writer, poet, correspondent of Petrarch, and an important Renaissance humanist.
Giovanni I (c. 1358 in Bologna – June 26, 1402 in Bologna) was the first ruler of Bologna from the Bentivoglio family, who rose to power among the faction-conflicts within the commune of Bologna.
Giovanni II Bentivoglio (February 12, 1443February 15, 1508) was an Italian nobleman who ruled as tyrant of Bologna from 1463 until 1506.
Giovanni Paolo Colonna (16 June 1637 – 28 November 1695) was an Italian composer, teacher, organist and organ builder.
Giovanni Placido Agostino Pascoli (31 December 1855 – 6 April 1912) was an Italian poet and classical scholar.
Giovanni Visconti (1290–1354) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal, who was co-ruler in Milan and lord of other Italian cities.
Giulio Cesare Croce (1550–1609) was an Italian writer, actor/producer of cantastoria and enigma writer.
Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti (19 September 1774 – 15 March 1849) was an Italian cardinal and famed hyperpolyglot.
Giuseppe Maria Crespi (March 14, 1665 – July 16, 1747), nicknamed Lo Spagnuolo ("The Spaniard"), was an Italian late Baroque painter of the Bolognese School.
Giuseppe Torelli (22 April 1658, Verona – 8 February 1709, Bologna) was an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer.
Association football (more commonly known as football or soccer) was first codified in 1863 in England, although games that involved the kicking of a ball were evident considerably earlier.
The scholars of the 11th and 12th century legal schools in Italy, France and Germany are identified as glossators in a specific sense.
The Goths (Gut-þiuda; Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe.
Granarolo dell'Emilia (Bolognese: Granarôl) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Bologna in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about northeast of Bologna.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna.
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
Guido Reni (4 November 1575 – 18 August 1642) was an Italian painter of high-Baroque style.
is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.
Henry V (Heinrich V.; 11 August 1081/86 – 23 May 1125) was King of Germany (from 1099 to 1125) and Holy Roman Emperor (from 1111 to 1125), the fourth and last ruler of the Salian dynasty.
Hera (Holding Energia Risorse Ambiente, Energy Resource Environment Holdings) is a multiutility company based in Bologna, Italy.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Illusionistic ceiling painting, which includes the techniques of perspective di sotto in sù and quadratura, is the tradition in Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo art in which trompe l'oeil, perspective tools such as foreshortening, and other spatial effects are used to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on an otherwise two-dimensional or mostly flat ceiling surface above the viewer.
IMA – Industria Macchine Automatiche S.p.A. is a multinational Italian company based in Bologna, Italy. Established in 1961, IMA Group is world leader in the design and manufacture of automatic machines for the processing and packaging of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food, tobacco, tea and coffee. IMA S.p.A. has been listed on the Borsa Italiana stock exchange since 1995 in the index FTSE Italia Mid Cap and FTSE Italia STAR. Alberto Vacchi is both president and CEO of the company.
Blessed Imelda Lambertini (1322 – May 12, 1333) is the patroness of First Holy Communicants.
In Catholic canon law, an interdict is an ecclesiastical censure, or ban that prohibits persons, certain active Church individuals or groups from participating in certain rites, or that the rites and services of the church are banished from having validity in certain territories for a limited or extended time.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Irnerius (c. 1050 – after 1125), sometimes referred to as lucerna juris ("lantern of the law"), was an Italian jurist, and founder of the School of Glossators and thus of the tradition of Medieval Roman Law.
Isis was a major goddess in ancient Egyptian religion whose worship spread throughout the Greco-Roman world.
The Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano, PCI) was a communist political party in Italy.
Italian Fascism (fascismo italiano), also known simply as Fascism, is the original fascist ideology as developed in Italy.
Italian Left (Sinistra Italiana, SI) is a left-wing political party in Italy.
The 2016 Italian local elections were held on 5 June, with a run-off, where necessary if a candidate for Mayor obtained less than 50 percent of votes in the first round, held on 19 June.
The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.
The Italian resistance movement (Resistenza italiana or just la Resistenza) is an umbrella term for resistance groups that opposed the occupying German forces and the Italian Fascist puppet regime of the Italian Social Republic during the later years of World War II.
The Italian Rugby Federation (Federazione Italiana Rugby) or FIR is the governing body for the sport of rugby union in Italy.
The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana,; RSI), informally known as the Republic of Salò (Repubblica di Salò), was a German puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the later part of World War II, existing from the beginning of German occupation of Italy in September 1943 until the surrender of German troops in Italy in May 1945.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Italy of Values (Italia dei Valori, IdV) is a centrist, populist and anti-corruption political party in Italy.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Johns Hopkins University is an American private research university in Baltimore, Maryland.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
was a Japanese architect, and winner of the 1987 Pritzker Prize for architecture.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.
The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.
Kung Fu Panda is a 2008 American computer-animated action comedy martial arts film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
La Plata is the capital city of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. is an Italian brand and manufacturer of luxury sports cars and SUVs based in Sant'Agata Bolognese and tractors Lamborghini Trattori in Pieve di Cento, Italy.
Lambrusco is the name of both an Italian red wine grape and a wine made principally from the grape.
Lasagne (singular lasagna) are wide, flat pasta, and possibly one of the oldest types of pasta.
Laura Maria Caterina Bassi (October 1711 – 20 February 1778) was an Italian physicist and academic.
Left Ecology Freedom (Sinistra Ecologia Libertà, SEL) was a democratic socialist political party in Italy, whose bulk was formed by former members of the Communist Refoundation Party.
The Lega Basket Serie A, officially abbreviated as LBA, (English: Serie A Basketball League) and known for sponsorship reasons as the Serie A PosteMobile, is a professional men's club basketball league that has been organised in Italy since 1920.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany.
Licio Gelli (April 21, 1919 – December 15, 2015) was an Italian financier, liaison officer between the Italian government and Nazi Germany, chiefly known for his role in the Banco Ambrosiano scandal.
This article contains a list of the oldest existing universities in continuous operation in the world.
This list ranks buildings in Bologna buildings that stand at least tall.
This is a list of the 100 busiest airports in Europe, ranked by total passengers per year, including both terminal and transit passengers.
Liutprand was the King of the Lombards from 712 to 744 and is chiefly remembered for his Donation of Sutri, in 728, and his long reign, which brought him into a series of conflicts, mostly successful, with most of Italy.
Live Arts Week is a project by Xing, born in 2012 out the fusion of the experiences of the two Bologna festivals (2000>2011): Netmage - International Live Media Festival and F.I.S.Co. - Festival Internazionale sullo Spettacolo Contemporaneo.
Lizzano in Belvedere (High Mountain Bolognese: Lizã; City Bolognese: Lizàn) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Bologna in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about southwest of Bologna.
The Lombard League (Italian and Lombard: Lega Lombarda) was a medieval alliance formed in 1167, supported by the Pope, to counter the attempts by the Hohenstaufen Holy Roman Emperors to assert influence over the Kingdom of Italy as a part of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.
Lorenzo Costa (1460 – March 5, 1535) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.
Louis XII (27 June 1462 – 1 January 1515) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504.
Lucio Dalla, OMRI (4 March 1943 – 1 March 2012) was an Italian singer-songwriter, musician and actor.
Ludovico (or Lodovico) Carracci (21 April 1555 – 13 November 1619) was an Italian, early-Baroque painter, etcher, and printmaker born in Bologna.
Blessed Ludovico Morbioli (1433 - 9 November 1485) was an Italian Roman Catholic from Bologna who led a dissolute life before adopting a life of repentance.
Luigi Aloisio Galvani (Aloysius Galvanus; 9 September 1737 – 4 December 1798) was an Italian physician, physicist, biologist and philosopher, who discovered animal electricity.
Luke the Evangelist (Latin: Lūcās, Λουκᾶς, Loukãs, לוקאס, Lūqās, לוקא, Lūqā&apos) is one of the Four Evangelists—the four traditionally ascribed authors of the canonical Gospels.
Macron S.p.A. is an Italian sporting apparel company, based in Crespellano, Bologna.
Malaguti is an Italian scooter and motorcycle company based in San Lazzaro di Savena, founded by Antonino Malaguti in 1930.
Manfred (Manfredi di Sicilia; 1232 – 26 February 1266) was the King of Sicily from 1258 to 1266.
Marcello Malpighi (10 March 1628 – 29 November 1694) was an Italian biologist and physician, who is referred to as the "Father of microscopical anatomy, histology, physiology and embryology".
Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti (23 December 1801 – November 1878) was an Italian classical guitarist and composer.
Marco Minghetti (18 November 1818 – 10 December 1886) was an Italian economist and statesman.
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (16 May 1718 – 9 January 1799) was an Italian mathematician, philosopher, theologian, and humanitarian.
Maria Rachele “Mariele” Ventre (16 July 1939 – 16 December 1995) was an Italian musician and singer, the founder and director of Italian children's choir Piccolo Coro dell'Antoniano.
Maserati is an Italian luxury vehicle manufacturer established on 1 December 1914, in Bologna.
Massimo Zanetti Beverage Group is an Italian coffee company that owns brands such as Segafredo and MJB.
Matilda of Tuscany (Italian: Matilde di Canossa, Latin: Matilda, Mathilda; 1046 – 24 July 1115) was a powerful feudal Margravine of Tuscany, ruler in northern Italy and the chief Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the Investiture Controversy; in addition, she was one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments, thanks to which she was able to dominate all the territories north of the Church States.
The Mayor of Bologna is an elected politician who, along with the Bologna’s City Council, is accountable for the strategic government of Bologna.
Medieval Roman law is the continuation and development of ancient Roman law that developed in the European Late Middle Ages.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The metropolitan city (città metropolitana in Italian) is an administrative division of Italy, operative since 2015.
The Metropolitan City of Bologna (Città Metropolitana di Bologna) is a metropolitan city in the Emilia Romagna region, Italy.
The Metropolitan City of Milan (Città Metropolitana di Milano) is a metropolitan city in the Lombardy region, Italy.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Modena (Mutna; Mutina; Modenese: Mòdna) is a city and comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
Mortadella is a large Italian sausage or luncheon meat (salume) made of finely hashed or ground, heat-cured pork, which incorporates at least 15% small cubes of pork fat (principally the hard fat from the neck of the pig).
The Mortara case (caso Mortara) was an Italian cause célèbre that captured the attention of much of Europe and North America in the 1850s and 1860s.
The movement of 1977 was a spontaneous political movement that arose in Italy in 1977.
A music school is an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism.
Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Niccolò dell’Arca (c. 1435-1440 – 2 March 1494) was an Italian Early Renaissance sculptor.
Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik; Nikolaus Kopernikus; Niklas Koppernigk; 19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance-era mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe, likely independently of Aristarchus of Samos, who had formulated such a model some eighteen centuries earlier.
Nomisma (νόμισμα) was the ancient Greek word for "money" and is derived from nomos (νόμος) "anything assigned, a usage, custom, law, ordinance".
Northern Italy (Italia settentrionale or just Nord) is a geographical region in the northern part of Italy.
The Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (Armed Revolutionary Core), abbreviated NAR, was an Italian neofascist Militant organization active from 1977 to November 1981.
OMAS was an Italian manufacturer of writing instruments, fountain pens, ink and related luxury goods, founded in 1925 and put in liquidation in January 2016.
Trebisonda (Ondina) Valla, (20 May 1916, in Bologna – 16 October 2006, in L'Aquila) was an Italian female athlete, and the first Italian woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
The Opera Pia dei Poveri Mendicanti was a civic welfare institutional service created in Bologna, Italy, in the 16th century by a group of ruling patricians to care for sick and poor people.
Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system.
The Orchestra Mozart or Orchestra Mozart Bologna is an Italian orchestra based in Bologna.
The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Bologna, also known as the Orto Botanico di Bologna, is a botanical garden operated by the University of Bologna.
Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).
Packaging machines are machines that complete stages of the packaging process.
Palazzo d'Accursio. Palazzo d'Accursio (or Palazzo Comunale) is a palace once formulated to house major administrative offices of the city of Bologna, region of Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
Palazzo dei Banchi is a Renaissance-style palace façade located on the eastern flank of the Piazza Maggiore in the center of Bologna, region of Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
The Palazzo del Podestà is a civic building in Bologna, northern Italy.
Palazzo Re Enzo is a palace in Bologna, northern Italy.
The Papal States, officially the State of the Church (Stato della Chiesa,; Status Ecclesiasticus; also Dicio Pontificia), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula under the direct sovereign rule of the Pope, from the 8th century until 1870.
Party-list proportional representation systems are a family of voting systems emphasizing proportional representation (PR) in elections in which multiple candidates are elected (e.g., elections to parliament) through allocations to an electoral list.
The Peace of Constance of 1183 was signed in the city of Konstanz by the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick Barbarossa and representatives of the Italian Lombard League.
Pepo was an 11th-century consultant judge ("causidicus") who became the first law teacher at the University of Bologna.
Peter Martyr Vermigli (8 September 149912 November 1562) was an Italian-born Reformed theologian.
Francesco Petrarca (July 20, 1304 – July 18/19, 1374), commonly anglicized as Petrarch, was a scholar and poet of Renaissance Italy who was one of the earliest humanists.
Saint Petronius (San Petronio) (died ca. 450 AD) was bishop of Bologna during the fifth century.
The Piccolo Coro dell'Antoniano (English: Little Choir of Antoniano) is an Italian children's choir from Bologna.
Pier Ferdinando Casini (born 3 December 1955) is an Italian politician.
Pier Francesco Battistelli (17th century) was an Italian painter active in the early-Baroque period, mainly in his hometown of Bologna as well as Parma.
Pier Paolo Pasolini (5 March 1922 – 2 November 1975) was an Italian film director, poet, writer, and intellectual.
Pierluigi Collina (born 13 February 1960) is an Italian former football referee.
Pietro Antonio Cataldi (15 April 1548, Bologna – 11 February 1626, Bologna) was an Italian mathematician.
Pietro Musumeci is a former general and deputy director of Italy's military intelligence agency, SISMI.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.
The Po Valley, Po Plain, Plain of the Po, or Padan Plain (Pianura Padana, or Val Padana) is a major geographical feature of Northern Italy.
Pope Adrian I (Hadrianus I d. 25 December 795) was Pope from 1 February 772 to his death in 795.
Pope Benedict XIV (Benedictus XIV; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, served as the Pope of the Catholic Church from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758.
Pope Eugene IV (Eugenius IV; 1383 – 23 February 1447), born Gabriele Condulmer, was Pope from 3 March 1431 to his death in 1447.
Pope Gregory XIII (Gregorius XIII; 7 January 1502 – 10 April 1585), born Ugo Boncompagni, was Pope of the Catholic Church from 13 May 1572 to his death in 1585.
Pope Gregory XV (Gregorius XV; 9 January 15548 July 1623), born Alessandro Ludovisi, was Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
Pope Julius II (Papa Giulio II; Iulius II) (5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), born Giuliano della Rovere, and nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope".
Pope Lucius II (Lucius II; died 15 February 1145), born Gherardo Caccianemici dal Orso, was Pope from 9 March 1144 to his death in 1145.
Pope Nicholas V (Nicholaus V) (13 November 1397 – 24 March 1455), born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death.
Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus).
Porta delle Lame or Porta Lame was a gate or portal of the former outer medieval walls of the city of Bologna, Italy.
The Porta Saragozza of Bologna was one of the gates or portals in the medieval walls of this city.
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon and the seat of Multnomah County.
Propaganda Due (P2) was a Masonic lodge under the Grand Orient of Italy, founded in 1945 that, by the time its Masonic charter was withdrawn in 1976, had transformed into a clandestine, pseudo-Masonic, ultraright organization operating in contravention of Article 18 of the Constitution of Italy that banned secret associations.
Prosciutto (Pronunciation of "Prosciutto". Cambridge dictionaries online.) is an Italian dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked; this style is called prosciutto crudo in Italian (or simply crudo) and is distinguished from cooked ham, prosciutto cotto.
The province of Bologna (provincia di Bologna) was a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.
The Province of Milan (Provincia di Milano) was a province in the Lombardy region, Italy.
Giuseppe Avati, better known as Pupi Avati (born 3 November 1938), is an Italian film director, producer, and screenwriter.
Rafael Bombelli (baptised on 20 January 1526; died 1572) was an Italian mathematician.
Raffaella Maria Pelloni, better known as Raffaella Carrà (born 18 June 1943, Bologna) is an Italian singer, dancer, television presenter, and actress.
In Italian cuisine, ragù is a meat-based sauce that is commonly served with pasta.
Ravenna (also locally; Ravèna) is the capital city of the Province of Ravenna, in the Emilia-Romagna region of Northern Italy.
The regions of Italy (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy, constituting its second NUTS administrative level.
The Reno is a river of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.
The Revolutions of 1830 were a revolutionary wave in Europe which took place in 1830.
The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848.
Riccardo Bacchelli (19 April 1891 – 8 October 1985) was an Italian writer.
Rimini (Rémin; Ariminum) is a city of about 150,000 inhabitants in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini.
Roberto Regazzi (born 20 August 1956 in Bologna, Italy) is a notable contemporary violin maker and scholar who received his initiation in the craft from Otello Bignami.
Romanians in Italy became a notable presence mostly after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul migrației către UE (Movement to the EU Phenomenon).
Romano Prodi (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician who served as the 10th President of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004.
Rossano Brazzi (18 September 1916 – 24 December 1994) was an Italian actor.
Routledge is a British multinational publisher.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Saint Joseph's Day, 19 March, the Feast of Saint Joseph is in Western Christianity the principal feast day of Saint Joseph, husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary and legal father of Jesus Christ.
Saint-Louis, or Ndar as it is called in Wolof, is the capital of Senegal's Saint-Louis Region.
Salumi (singular salume) are Italian cold cuts predominantly made from pork.
San Carlos is the capital city of the municipality of San Carlos and of the Río San Juan Department of Nicaragua.
The San Marino national football team (Nazionale di calcio di San Marino) is the national football team of San Marino, controlled by the San Marino Football Federation (FSGC).
San Michele in Bosco is a religious complex in Bologna, central Italy, including the church with the same name and the annexed Olivetan monastery.
The Basilica of San Petronio is the main church of Bologna, Emilia Romagna, northern Italy.
The Sanctuary of the Madonna of San Luca is a basilica church in Bologna, northern Italy, sited atop a forested hill, Colle or Monte della Guardia, some 300 metres above the city plain, just south-west of the historical centre of the city.
Sangiovese is a red Italian wine grape variety that derives its name from the Latin sanguis Jovis, "the blood of Jupiter".
Sante I Bentivoglio (1426–June 24, 1462) was an Italian nobleman who ruled as tyrant or de facto prince of Bologna from 1445 to 1462.
The basilica of Santo Stefano (Basilica di Santo Stefano) encompasses a complex of religious edifices in the city of Bologna, Italy.
Sara Errani (born April 29, 1987) is a professional tennis player from Italy.
The Savena is a river in the Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.
Scipione del Ferro (6 February 1465 – 5 November 1526) was an Italian mathematician who first discovered a method to solve the depressed cubic equation.
The Second Italian War of Independence, also called the Franco-Austrian War, Austro-Sardinian War or Italian War of 1859 (Campagne d'Italie), was fought by the French Empire and the Kingdom of Sardinia against the Austrian Empire in 1859 and played a crucial part in the process of Italian unification.
Serena Grandi (born 23 March 1958 in Bologna) is an Italian actress, famous as an icon and sex symbol in Italian cinema of the 1980s and 1990s.
Sergio Cofferati (born 30 January 1948) is an Italian politician who was Mayor of Bologna for the Democrats of the Left from 2004 to 2009.
Serie A2 Basket, known for sponsorship reasons as Serie A2 Citroën, is a professional men's basketball league in Italy.
A signoria (from signore, or "lord"; an abstract noun meaning (roughly) "government; governing authority; de facto sovereignty; lordship"; plural: signorie) was the governing authority in many of the Italian city states during the medieval and renaissance periods.
Simone Bolelli (born 8 October 1985) is an Italian professional tennis player.
Servizio per le Informazioni e la Sicurezza Militare (Military Intelligence and Security Service) was the military intelligence agency of Italy from 1977–2007.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere (usually from clouds) and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Tyrol is an autonomous province in northern Italy.
Spaghetti is a long, thin, solid, cylindrical pasta.
Springer Publishing is an American publishing company of academic journals and books, focusing on the fields of nursing, gerontology, psychology, social work, counseling, public health, and rehabilitation (neuropsychology).
Stadio Renato Dall'Ara is a multi-purpose stadium in Bologna, Italy.
Stefano Benni (born 12 August 1947) is an Italian satirical writer, poet and journalist.
Suburbanization is a population shift from central urban areas into suburbs, resulting in the formation of (sub)urban sprawl.
A supermarket is a self-service shop offering a wide variety of food and household products, organized into aisles.
Tagliatelle and tagliolini (from the Italian tagliare, meaning "to cut") are a traditional type of pasta from the Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions of Italy.
The Teatro Comunale di Bologna is an opera house in Bologna, Italy, and is one of the most important opera venues in Italy.
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960.
The Croods is a 2013 American 3D computer-animated comedy adventure film produced by DreamWorks Animation and distributed by 20th Century Fox.
The Johns Hopkins University SAIS Europe in Bologna, Italy is the European campus of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), a division of Johns Hopkins University located in Washington, D.C..
The Local is an English-language digital news publisher with local editions in Sweden, Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Norway, Denmark, Austria and Italy.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Thomas Becket (also known as Saint Thomas of Canterbury, Thomas of London, and later Thomas à Becket; (21 December c. 1119 (or 1120) – 29 December 1170) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 until his murder in 1170. He is venerated as a saint and martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion. He engaged in conflict with Henry II, King of England, over the rights and privileges of the Church and was murdered by followers of the king in Canterbury Cathedral. Soon after his death, he was canonised by Pope Alexander III.
Tortellini are ring-shaped pasta, sometimes also described as "navel shaped", hence their alternative name of "belly button" (ombelico).
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
The Towers of Bologna are a group of medieval structures in Bologna, Italy.
The Bologna trolleybus system (Rete filoviaria di Bologna) forms part of the public transport network of the city and comune of Bologna, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.
Tuzla is the third largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the administrative center of Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Two Towers (Le due torri.), both of them leaning, are the symbol of Bologna, Italy, and the most prominent of the Towers of Bologna.
Ugo Bassi (August 12, 1800 – August 8, 1849) was a Roman Catholic priest and Italian nationalist.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ulisse Aldrovandi (11 September 1522 – 4 May 1605) was an Italian naturalist, the moving force behind Bologna's botanical garden, one of the first in Europe.
Umberto Eco (5 January 1932 – 19 February 2016) was an Italian novelist, literary critic, philosopher, semiotician, and university professor.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Unipol Gruppo S.p.A is an Italian financial services holding company operating in the insurance and banking fields with headquarters in the Unipol Tower, Bologna.
Unipol Tower, is a 33-story skyscraper located at Via Larga in Bologna, Italy.
The University of Bologna (Università di Bologna, UNIBO), founded in 1088, is the oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of the leading academic institutions in Italy and Europe.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Vasco Errani (born 17 May 1955) is an Italian politician.
The Via Aemilia (Via Emilia) was a trunk Roman road in the north Italian plain, running from Ariminum (Rimini), on the Adriatic coast, to Placentia (Piacenza) on the river Padus (Po).
Virginio Merola (born February 14, 1955 in Santa Maria Capua Vetere) is an Italian politician.
Virtus Pallacanestro Bologna, known for sponsorship reasons as Virtus Segafredo Bologna, is an Italian professional basketball club based in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna.
''St. George and the Dragon'', detail. Vitale da Bologna (1289 or 1309 – 1369), also known as Vidolini, Vitale di Almo de' Cavalli or Vitale degli Equi, was an Italian painter, of the Early Renaissance.
The War of the Eight Saints (1375–1378) was a war between Pope Gregory XI and a coalition of Italian city-states led by Florence, which contributed to the end of the Avignon Papacy.
The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378, was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which two, since 1410 even three, men simultaneously claimed to be the true pope.
William Girometti (Milan, 9 January 1924 – Bologna, 3 October 1998) was an Italian painter of Surrealist influence.
Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wu Ming (extended name: Wu Ming Foundation) is a pseudonym for a group of Italian authors formed in 2000 from a subset of the Luther Blissett community in Bologna.
The Years of Lead (Anni di piombo) is a term used for a period of social and political turmoil in Italy that lasted from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, marked by a wave of both left-wing and right-wing incidents of political terrorism.
YES! is a nonprofit, independent publisher of solutions journalism.
Yoox Net-A-Porter Group (MTA:YNAP) is an Italian online fashion retailer created on 5 October 2015 after the merger between Yoox GROUP and THE NET-A-PORTER GROUP.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zecchino d'Oro (meaning "Golden Sequin") is an international children's song festival that has taken place every year since 1959.
The 1934 FIFA World Cup Final was the deciding match of the 1934 FIFA World Cup.
With both Inter and Bologna level on 54 points, a play-off match was conducted to decide the champion for the first and only time in Serie A history.
The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament.
The 2008–09 Lega Basket Serie A season, known as the Serie A TIM for sponsorship reasons, was the 87th season of the Lega Basket Serie A, the highest professional basketball league in Italy.
Bolagna, Bologna (Italy), Bologna italy, Bologna, Italy, Bologne, Bolognese, Bulåggna, Capital of Emilia-Romagna, Commune di Bologna, Comune di Bologna, Geography of Bologna, History of Bologna, UN/LOCODE:ITBLQ, בולוניה.