139 relations: Abraham, Achaemenid Empire, Adam and Eve, Ammon, Anchor Bible Series, Aryeh Kaplan, Assurance (theology), Babylonian captivity, Bereshit (parsha), Biblical Sabbath, Binding of Isaac, Blessing of Jacob, Book of Deuteronomy, Book of Exodus, Book of Leviticus, Book of Numbers, Brit milah, Brook of Egypt, Cain and Abel, Canaan, Cave of the Patriarchs, Chayei Sarah, Christianity, Circumcision, Covenant (biblical), Creation myth, Curse and mark of Cain, Dating the Bible, David J. A. Clines, Deuteronomist, Dinah, Dream interpretation, Edom, Egypt, El Shaddai, Elohim, Elohist, Enûma Eliš, Ephraim Avigdor Speiser, Esau, Euphrates, Ezra, Fall of man, Garden of Eden, Generations of Adam, Genesis 1:1, Genesis creation narrative, Genesis flood narrative, Gerar, God in Abrahamic religions, ..., God in Judaism, Greek language, Gunther Plaut, Hagar, Hebrew language, Hebron, Historicity of the Bible, Human, Isaac, Ishmael, Ishmaelites, Israelites, Jacob, Jahwist, Jesus, Jews as the chosen people, Joseph (Genesis), Judaism, Keturah, Laban (Bible), Land of Goshen, Leah, Lech-Lecha, Legend, Leon Kass, Lot (biblical person), Lot's wife, Masoretic Text, Mesopotamia, Midian, Miketz, Moab, Mosaic authorship, Moses, Myth, Nahum M. Sarna, Nephilim, Noach (parsha), Noah, Noah's Ark, Old Testament, Origin myth, Paradise Lost, Parashah, Patriarchal age, Patriarchs (Bible), Pharaoh, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Priestly source, Primeval history, Princeton University Press, Promised Land, Protevangelium, Qumran, Rachel, Rainbows in mythology, Rebecca, Redeemer (Christianity), Saint John's Abbey, Collegeville, Salvation in Christianity, Samaritan Pentateuch, Samson Raphael Hirsch, Sarah, Septuagint, Serpents in the Bible, Seth, Sin, Sodom and Gomorrah, Solomon, Son of God, Supersessionism, Tanakh, Terence E. Fretheim, The Exodus, Toledot, Torah, Tower of Babel, Tree of the knowledge of good and evil, Trickster, Vaychi, Vayeira, Vayeshev, Vayetze, Vayigash, Vayishlach, Vulgate, Weekly Torah portion, Wife–sister narratives in the Book of Genesis, Yahweh. Expand index (89 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.
The Achaemenid Empire, also called the First Persian Empire, was an empire based in Western Asia, founded by Cyrus the Great.
Adam and Eve, according to the creation myth of the Abrahamic religions, were the first man and woman.
Ammon (ʻAmmūn) was an ancient Semitic-speaking nation occupying the east of the Jordan River, between the torrent valleys of Arnon and Jabbok, in present-day Jordan.
The Anchor Bible project, consisting of a commentary series, Bible dictionary, and reference library, is a scholarly and commercial co-venture begun in 1956, when individual volumes in the commentary series began production.
Aryeh Moshe Eliyahu Kaplan (אריה משה אליהו קפלן.; October 23, 1934 – January 28, 1983) was an American Orthodox rabbi and author known for his knowledge of physics and kabbalah.
Assurance is a Protestant Christian doctrine that states that the inner witness of the Holy Spirit allows the justified disciple to know that he or she is saved.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
Bereshit, Bereishit, Bereishis, B'reshith, Beresheet, or Bereishees (– Hebrew for "in the beginning," the first word in the parashah) is the first weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Biblical Sabbath is a weekly day of rest or time of worship given in the Bible as the seventh day.
The Binding of Isaac (עֲקֵידַת יִצְחַק Aqedat Yitzhaq, in Hebrew also simply "The Binding", הָעֲקֵידָה Ha-Aqedah), is a story from the Hebrew Bible found in Genesis 22.
The Blessing of Jacob is a prophetic poem that appears in Genesis at and mentions each of Jacob's twelve sons.
The Book of Deuteronomy (literally "second law," from Greek deuteros + nomos) is the fifth book of the Torah (a section of the Hebrew Bible) and the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
The Book of Leviticus is the third book of the Torah and of the Old Testament.
The Book of Numbers (from Greek Ἀριθμοί, Arithmoi; בְּמִדְבַּר, Bəmiḏbar, "In the desert ") is the fourth book of the Hebrew Bible, and the fourth of five books of the Jewish Torah.
The brit milah (בְּרִית מִילָה,; Ashkenazi pronunciation:, "covenant of circumcision"; Yiddish pronunciation: bris) is a Jewish religious male circumcision ceremony performed by a mohel ("circumciser") on the eighth day of the infant's life.
The Brook of Egypt is the name used in some English translations of the Bible for the Hebrew Naḥal Mizraim ("River of Egypt") used for the river defining the westernmost border of the Land of Israel.
In the biblical Book of Genesis, Cain and Abel are the first two sons of Adam and Eve.
Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kenā‘an; Hebrew) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.
The Cave of the Patriarchs, also called the Cave of Machpelah (Hebrew: מערת המכפלה,, trans. "cave of the double tombs") and known by Muslims as the Sanctuary of Abraham or the Ibrahimi Mosque (الحرم الإبراهيمي), is a series of subterranean chambers located in the heart of the old city of Hebron (Al-Khalil) in the Hebron Hills. According to tradition that has been associated with the Holy Books Torah, Bible and Quran, the cave and adjoining field were purchased by Abraham as a burial plot. The site of the Cave of the Patriarchs is located beneath a Saladin-era mosque, which had been converted from a large rectangular Herodian-era Judean structure. Dating back over 2,000 years, the monumental Herodian compound is believed to be the oldest continuously used intact prayer structure in the world, and is the oldest major building in the world that still fulfills its original function. The Hebrew name of the complex reflects the very old tradition of the double tombs of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah, considered the Patriarchs and Matriarchs of the Jewish people. The only Jewish matriarch missing is Rachel, described in one biblical tradition as having been buried near Bethlehem. The Arabic name of the complex reflects the prominence given to Abraham, revered by Muslims as a Quranic prophet and patriarch through Ishmael. Outside biblical and Quranic sources there are a number of legends and traditions associated with the cave. In Acts 7:16 of the Christian Bible the cave of the Patriarchs is located in Shechem (Neapolis; Arabic: Nablus).
Chayei Sarah, Chaye Sarah, or Hayye Sarah (— Hebrew for "life of Sarah," the first words in the parashah) is the fifth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Male circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.
A biblical covenant is a religious covenant that is described in the Bible.
A creation myth (or cosmogonic myth) is a symbolic narrative of how the world began and how people first came to inhabit it.
The curse of Cain and the mark of Cain are phrases that originated in the story of Adam and Eve in the Hebrew Bible.
The four tables give the most commonly accepted dates or ranges of dates for the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, the Deuterocanonical books (included in Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox bibles, but not in the Hebrew and Protestant bibles) and the New Testament, including, where possible, hypotheses about their formation-history.
David John Alfred Clines (born 21 November 1938 Sydney, Australia) is a biblical scholar.
The Deuteronomist, or simply D, is one of the sources identified through source criticism as underlying much of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament).
In the Book of Genesis, Dinah was the daughter of Jacob, one of the patriarchs of the Israelites, and Leah, his first wife.
Dream interpretation is the process of assigning meaning to dreams.
Edom (Assyrian: 𒌑𒁺𒈠𒀀𒀀 Uduma; Syriac: ܐܕܘܡ) was an ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west and the Arabian Desert to the south and east.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
El Shaddai (אֵל שַׁדַּי) or just Shaddai is one of the names of the God of Israel.
Elohim (Hebrew: ’ĕlōhîm) is one of the many names or titles for God in the Hebrew Bible; the term is also used in the Hebrew Bible to refer to other gods.
The Elohist (or simply E) is, according to the documentary hypothesis, one of four sources of the Torah, together with the Jahwist, the Deuteronomist and the Priestly source.
The (Akkadian Cuneiform:, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation myth (named after its opening words).
Ephraim Avigdor Speiser (January 24, 1902 – June 15, 1965) was a Jewish Polish-born American Assyriologist.
Esau (ISO 259-3 ʕeśaw; Ἡσαῦ Hēsau; Hesau, Esau; عِيسُو ‘Īsaw; meaning "hairy"Easton, M. Illustrated Bible Dictionary, (2006, p. 236 or "rough"Mandel, D. The Ultimate Who's Who in the Bible, (.), 2007, p. 175), in the Hebrew Bible, is the older son of Isaac. He is mentioned in the Book of Genesis, and by the prophets Obadiah and Malachi. The New Testament alludes to him in the Epistle to the Romans and in the Epistle to the Hebrews. According to the Hebrew Bible, Esau is the progenitor of the Edomites and the elder twin brother of Jacob, the patriarch of the Israelites.Metzger & Coogan (1993). Oxford Companion to the Bible, pp. 191–92. Esau and Jacob were the sons of Isaac and Rebekah, and the grandsons of Abraham and Sarah. Of the twins, Esau was the first to be born with Jacob following, holding his heel. Isaac was sixty years old when the boys were born. Esau, a "man of the field", became a hunter who had "rough" qualities that distinguished him from his twin brother. Among these qualities were his red hair and noticeable hairiness. Jacob was a shy or simple man, depending on the translation of the Hebrew word tam (which also means "relatively perfect man"). Throughout Genesis, Esau is frequently shown as being supplanted by his younger twin, Jacob (Israel).Attridge & Meeks. The Harper Collins Study Bible,, 2006, p. 40.
The Euphrates (Sumerian: Buranuna; 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Purattu; الفرات al-Furāt; ̇ܦܪܬ Pǝrāt; Եփրատ: Yeprat; פרת Perat; Fırat; Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
Ezra (עזרא,; fl. 480–440 BCE), also called Ezra the Scribe and Ezra the Priest in the Book of Ezra, was a Jewish scribe and a priest.
The fall of man, or the fall, is a term used in Christianity to describe the transition of the first man and woman from a state of innocent obedience to God to a state of guilty disobedience.
The Garden of Eden (Hebrew גַּן עֵדֶן, Gan ʿEḏen) or (often) Paradise, is the biblical "garden of God", described most notably in the Book of Genesis chapters 2 and 3, and also in the Book of Ezekiel.
"Generations of Adam" is a concept in in the Hebrew Bible.
Genesis 1:1 is the first verse of the first chapter in the Book of Genesis in the Bible and forms the opening of the Genesis creation narrative.
The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity.
The Genesis flood narrative is a flood myth found in the Hebrew Bible (chapters 6–9 in the Book of Genesis).
Gerar (Gərār, "lodging-place") was a Philistine town and district in what is today south central Israel, mentioned in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are sometimes called Abrahamic religions because they all accept the tradition of a god, Yahweh, that revealed himself to the prophet Abraham.
In Judaism, God has been conceived in a variety of ways.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Wolf Gunther Plaut, (November 1, 1912 – February 8, 2012) was a Reform rabbi and author.
Hagar (of uncertain origin هاجر Hājar; Agar) is a biblical person in the Book of Genesis.
Hebron (الْخَلِيل; חֶבְרוֹן) is a Palestinian.
The historicity of the Bible is the question of the Bible's "acceptability as a history," in the words of Thomas L. Thompson, a scholar who has written widely on this topic as it relates to the Old Testament.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
According to the biblical Book of Genesis, Isaac (إسحٰق/إسحاق) was the son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob; his name means "he will laugh", reflecting when Sarah laughed in disbelief when told that she would have a child.
Ishmael Ἰσμαήλ Ismaēl; Classical/Qur'anic Arabic: إِسْمَٰعِيْل; Modern Arabic: إِسْمَاعِيْل ʾIsmāʿīl; Ismael) is a figure in the Tanakh and the Quran and was Abraham's first son according to Jews, Christians and Muslims. Ishmael was born to Abraham and Sarah's handmaiden Hagar (Hājar).. According to the Genesis account, he died at the age of 137. The Book of Genesis and Islamic traditions consider Ishmael to be the ancestor of the Ishmaelites and patriarch of Qaydār. According to Muslim tradition, Ishmael the Patriarch and his mother Hagar are said to be buried next to the Kaaba in Mecca.
According to the Book of Genesis, Ishmaelites (Arabic: Bani Isma'il, Hebrew: Bnai Yishma'el) are the descendants of Ishmael, the elder son of Abraham and the descendants of the twelve sons and princes of Ishmael.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
Jacob, later given the name Israel, is regarded as a Patriarch of the Israelites.
The Jahwist, or Yahwist, often abbreviated J, is one of the hypothesized sources of the Pentateuch (Torah), together with the Deuteronomist, the Elohist and the Priestly source.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
In Judaism, "chosenness" is the belief that the Jews, via descent from the ancient Israelites, are the chosen people, i.e. chosen to be in a covenant with God.
Joseph (יוֹסֵף meaning "Increase", Standard Yosef Tiberian Yôsēp̄; يوسف Yūsuf or Yūsif; Ἰωσήφ Iōsēph) is an important figure in the Bible's Book of Genesis.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Keturah was a concubine (1917 Jewish Publication Society of America translation).
Laban is a figure in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible.
The Land of Goshen (אֶרֶץ גֹּשֶׁן or Eretz Gošen) is named in the Bible as the place in Egypt given to the Hebrews by the pharaoh of Joseph, and the land from which they later left Egypt at the time of the Exodus.
Leah is described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Laban.
Lech-Lecha, Lekh-Lekha, or Lech-L'cha (leḵ-ləḵā — Hebrew for "go!" or "leave!", literally "go for you" — the fifth and sixth words in the parashah) is the third weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history.
Leon Richard Kass (born February 12, 1939) is an American physician, scientist, educator, and public intellectual, best known as proponent of liberal education via the "Great Books," as an opponent of human cloning, life extension and euthanasia, as a critic of certain areas of technological progress and embryo research, and for his controversial tenure as chairman of the President's Council on Bioethics from 2001 to 2005.
Lot was a patriarch in the biblical Book of Genesis chapters 11–14 and 19.
In the Bible, Lot's wife is a figure first mentioned in.
The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or \mathfrak) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Midian (מִדְיָן), Madyan (مَـدْيَـن), or Madiam (Μαδιάμ) is a geographical place mentioned in the Torah and Qur’an.
Miketz or Mikeitz (— Hebrew for "at the end," the second word, and first distinctive word of the parashah), is the tenth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Moab (Moabite: Māʾab;; Μωάβ Mōáb; Assyrian: 𒈬𒀪𒁀𒀀𒀀 Mu'aba, 𒈠𒀪𒁀𒀀𒀀 Ma'ba, 𒈠𒀪𒀊 Ma'ab; Egyptian 𓈗𓇋𓃀𓅱𓈉 Mu'ibu) is the historical name for a mountainous tract of land in Jordan.
Mosaic authorship is the Jewish and Christian tradition that Moses was the author of the Torah, the first five books of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Myth is a folklore genre consisting of narratives that play a fundamental role in society, such as foundational tales.
Nahum Mattathias Sarna (Hebrew: נחום סרנא; March 27, 1923 – June 23, 2005) was a modern biblical scholar who is best known for the study of Genesis and Exodus represented in his Understanding Genesis (1966) and in his contributions to the first two volumes of the JPS Torah Commentary (1989/91).
The Nephilim (nefilim) were the offspring of the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men" before the Deluge, according to narrative of the Bible.
Noach, Noiach, Nauach, Nauah, or Noah (Hebrew for the name "Noah", the third word, and first distinctive word, of the parashah) is the second weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
In Abrahamic religions, Noah was the tenth and last of the pre-Flood Patriarchs.
Noah's Ark (תיבת נח; Biblical Hebrew: Tevat Noaḥ) is the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative (Genesis chapters 6–9) by which God spares Noah, his family, and a remnant of all the world's animals from a world-engulfing flood.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
An origin myth is a myth that purports to describe the origin of some feature of the natural or social world.
Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton (1608–1674).
The term parashah (פָּרָשָׁה Pārāšâ "portion", Tiberian, Sephardi, plural: parashot or parashiyot) formally means a section of a biblical book in the Masoretic Text of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
The Patriarchal Age is the era of the three biblical Patriarchs, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, according to the narratives of Genesis 12–50.
The Patriarchs (אבות. Avot or Abot, singular אב. Ab or Aramaic: אבא Abba) of the Bible, when narrowly defined, are Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac's son Jacob, also named Israel, the ancestor of the Israelites.
Pharaoh (ⲡⲣ̅ⲣⲟ Prro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE.
The Pontifical Biblical Institute (it: Pontificio Istituto Biblico), or "'Biblicum'", in Rome, Italy, is an institution of the Holy See that is run by the Jesuits and offers instruction at the university level.
The Priestly source (or simply P) is, according to the documentary hypothesis, one of four sources of the Torah, together with the Jahwist, the Elohist and the Deuteronomist.
The primeval history – the name given by biblical scholars to the first eleven chapters of the Book of Genesis – is a story of the first years of the world's existence.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
The Promised Land (הארץ המובטחת, translit.: Ha'Aretz HaMuvtahat; أرض الميعاد, translit.: Ard Al-Mi'ad; also known as "The Land of Milk and Honey") is the land which, according to the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), was promised and subsequently given by God to Abraham and his descendants, and in modern contexts an image and idea related both to the restored Homeland for the Jewish people and to salvation and liberation is more generally understood.
In Christian theology, the Protevangelium (also known as the protoevangelium, proto-evangelium or protoevangelion) is God's statement to the Serpent in the Garden of Eden about how the seed of the woman would crush the serpent's head: "And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel." (Genesis 3:15, KJV) Strictly speaking, the protevengelium refers to the last part of Genesis 3:15, "it shall bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise his heel." According to H. C. Leupold, this passage uses a zeugma in the word "bruise", which may be translated "it shall crush thy head and thou shalt bruise his heel." Because of the grave nature of the context, the fall of man, this passage describes more than just a man stepping on a snake's head.
Qumran (קומראן; خربة قمران) is an archaeological site in the West Bank managed by Israel's Qumran National Park.
Rachel (meaning ewe) was a Biblical figure best known for her infertility.
The rainbow, a natural phenomenon noted for its beauty and mystical appearance, has been a favorite component of mythology throughout history.
Rebecca appears in the Hebrew Bible as the wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob and Esau.
In Christian theology, Jesus is sometimes referred to as a Redeemer.
Saint John's Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Collegeville Township, Minnesota, United States, affiliated with the American-Cassinese Congregation.
Salvation in Christianity, or deliverance, is the saving of the soul from sin and its consequences.
The Samaritan Pentateuch, also known as the Samaritan Torah (תורה שומרונית torah shomronit), is a text of the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, written in the Samaritan alphabet and used as scripture by the Samaritans.
Samson Raphael Hirsch (June 20, 1808 – December 31, 1888) was a German Orthodox rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism.
Sarah or Sara (ISO 259-3 Śara; Sara; Arabic: سارا or سارة Sāra) was the half–sister and wife of Abraham and the mother of Isaac as described in the Hebrew Bible.
The Septuagint or LXX (from the septuāgintā literally "seventy"; sometimes called the Greek Old Testament) is the earliest extant Greek translation of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew.
Serpents (נחש nāḥāš) are referred to in both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament.
Seth (translit;; "placed", "appointed"; Σήθ), in Judaism, Christianity, Mandaeism, and Islam, was the third son of Adam and Eve and brother of Cain and Abel, who were the only other of their children mentioned by name in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
In a religious context, sin is the act of transgression against divine law.
Sodom and Gomorrah were cities mentioned in the Book of Genesis and throughout the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and in the deuterocanonical books, as well as in the Quran and the hadith.
Solomon (שְׁלֹמֹה, Shlomoh), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew Yədidya), was, according to the Hebrew Bible, Quran, Hadith and Hidden Words, a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel who succeeded his father, King David. The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, which would break apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone. According to the Talmud, Solomon is one of the 48 prophets. In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David. The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem, beginning in the fourth year of his reign, using the vast wealth he had accumulated. He dedicated the temple to Yahweh, the God of Israel. He is portrayed as great in wisdom, wealth and power beyond either of the previous kings of the country, but also as a king who sinned. His sins included idolatry, marrying foreign women and, ultimately, turning away from Yahweh, and they led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam. Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal work known as the Testament of Solomon. In the New Testament, he is portrayed as a teacher of wisdom excelled by Jesus, and as arrayed in glory, but excelled by "the lilies of the field". In later years, in mostly non-biblical circles, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist, with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period invoking his name.
Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as son of God, son of a god or son of heaven.
Supersessionism, also called replacement theology or fulfillment theology, is a Christian doctrine which asserts that the New Covenant through Jesus Christ, supercedes the Old Covenant, which was made exclusively with the Jewish people.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
Terence E. Fretheim is an Old Testament scholar and the Elva B. Lovell professor of Old Testament at Luther Seminary.
The exodus is the founding myth of Jews and Samaritans.
Tol'dot, Toldos, or Tol'doth (— Hebrew for "generations" or "descendants," the second word and the first distinctive word in the parashah) is the sixth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
The Tower of Babel (מִגְדַּל בָּבֶל, Migdal Bāḇēl) as told in Genesis 11:1-9 is an origin myth meant to explain why the world's peoples speak different languages.
The tree of the knowledge of good and evil is one of two specific trees in the story of the Garden of Eden in Genesis 2–3, along with the tree of life.
In mythology, and in the study of folklore and religion, a trickster is a character in a story (god, goddess, spirit, man, woman, or anthropomorphisation), which exhibits a great degree of intellect or secret knowledge, and uses it to play tricks or otherwise disobey normal rules and conventional behaviour.
Vaychi, Vayechi or Vayhi (— Hebrew for "and he lived," the first word of the parashah) is the twelfth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the last in the Book of Genesis.
Vayeira, Vayera, or (— Hebrew for "and He appeared," the first word in the parashah) is the fourth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Vayeshev, Vayeishev, or Vayesheb (— Hebrew for "and he lived," the first word of the parashah) is the ninth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Vayetze, Vayeitzei, or Vayetzei (— Hebrew for "and he left," the first word in the parashah) is the seventh weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Vayigash or Vaigash (— Hebrew for "and he drew near" or "then he drew near," the first word of the parashah) is the eleventh weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Vayishlach or Vayishlah (— Hebrew for "and he sent," the first word of the parashah) is the eighth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century.
The weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשַׁת הַשָּׁבוּעַ Parashat ha-Shavua), popularly just parashah (or parshah or parsha) and also known as a Sidra (or Sedra) is a section of the Torah (Five Books of Moses) used in Jewish liturgy during a single week.
There are three wife-sister narratives in Genesis, part of the Torah, all of which are strikingly similar.
Yahweh (or often in English; יַהְוֶה) was the national god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel (Samaria) and Judah.
Book of Gen, Book of Gen., Book of Geneſis, Book of genesis, ChristianBibleGenesis, ChristianBibleGenesis/One, ChristianBibleGenesis/Two, Gen., Genenis, Genesis (Bible), Genesis (Hebrew Bible), Genesis (Old Testament), Genesis 37, Genseis, Gensis 37, The Bondage in Canaan, The Book Of Genesis, The Book of Genesis, The Book of Geneſis, The Booke of Genesis, The Booke of Genesis, in Hebrew Beresith., The Booke of Geneſis, The Booke of Geneſis, in Hebrew Bereſith, The Booke of Geneſis, in Hebrew Bereſith., The First Booke of Moses, called Genesis, The Firſt Booke of Moſes, called Geneſis., Γένεσις, בראשית.