95 relations: Abijah, Absalom, Adonijah, Alberto Soggin, Amalek, Amnon, Arameans, Araunah, Ark of the Covenant, Babylonian captivity, Bathsheba, Battle of Aphek, Battle of the Wood of Ephraim, Bava Batra, Bethlehem, Bias, Biblical judges, Blessing of Jacob, Blessing of Moses, Book of Deuteronomy, Book of Joshua, Book of Judges, Book of Ruth, Books of Kings, Christianity, Court History of David, Dagon, David, David and Jonathan, David's Mighty Warriors, Deuteronomist, Douay–Rheims Bible, Edom, Eli (biblical figure), Forward Movement, Gad (prophet), Goliath, Hannah (biblical figure), Harp, Hebrew language, Hellenistic period, Hezekiah, Historicity of the Bible, History of ancient Israel and Judah, Hophni and Phinehas, Ish-bosheth, Israelites, Jacob, Jebusite, Jerusalem Bible, ..., Jonathan (1 Samuel), Josiah, Kingdom of Israel (Samaria), Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy), Kingdom of Judah, List of minor Old Testament figures, A–K, Martin Noth, Masoretic Text, Mediumship, Menachem Cohen (scholar), Mephibosheth, Michal, Midrash Shmuel (aggadah), Mizpah in Gilead (Judges), Moab, Moses, Mount Gilboa, Nathan (prophet), Nazirite, Nevi'im, NIV Study Bible, Old Testament, Philistine captivity of the Ark, Philistines, Psalm 18, Rashi, Rechab, Samson, Samuel, Saul, Septuagint, Shiloh (biblical city), Solomon, Song of Hannah, Squire, Talmud, Tamar (daughter of David), Tanakh, Torah, Tribe of Benjamin, Uriah the Hittite, Vulgate, Witch of Endor, Yahweh, 2 Samuel 22. Expand index (45 more) » « Shrink index
Abijah (’Ăḇîyāh; also Abiah, Abia; in modern Hebrew Aviya) is a Biblical HebrewPetrovsky, p. 35 unisex nameSuperanskaya, p. 277 that means "my Father is Yah".
Absalom or Avshalom according to the Hebrew Bible was the third son of David, King of Israel with Maacah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur.
According to 2 Samuel, Adonijah (’Ǎḏōnîyāh, "Yah is my lord") was the fourth son of King David.
Jan Alberto Soggin (10 March 192627 October 2010) was a leading Italian Biblical scholar.
Amalek (عماليق) is a nation described in the Old Testament of the Hebrew Bible.
Amnon (אַמְנוֹן, "faithful", born circa 1000 BCE) was the oldest son of King David and his third wife, Ahinoam of Jezreel.
The Arameans, or Aramaeans (ܐܪ̈ܡܝܐ), were an ancient Northwest Semitic Aramaic-speaking tribal confederation who emerged from the region known as Aram (in present-day Syria) in the Late Bronze Age (11th to 8th centuries BC).
Araunah (Hebrew: ’Ǎrawnāh) was a Jebusite who was mentioned in the Second Book of Samuel who owned the threshing floor on Mount Moriah that David purchased and used as the site for assembling an altar to God.
The Ark of the Covenant, also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a gold-covered wooden chest with lid cover described in the Book of Exodus as containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments.
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia.
Bathsheba was the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of David, according to the Hebrew Bible.
The Battle of Aphek is a biblical episode described in of the Hebrew Bible.
According to 2 Samuel, the Battle of the Wood of Ephraim was a military conflict between the rebel forces of the formerly exiled Israelite Prince Absalom against the royal forces of his father king David during a short lived revolt.
Bava Batra (also Baba Batra; Talmudic Aramaic: בבא בתרא "The Last Gate") is the third of the three tractates in the Talmud in the order Nezikin; it deals with a person's responsibilities and rights as the owner of property.
Bethlehem (بيت لحم, "House of Meat"; בֵּית לֶחֶם,, "House of Bread";; Bethleem; initially named after Canaanite fertility god Lehem) is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, Palestine, about south of Jerusalem.
Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
The Biblical judges (sing. שופט šōp̄êṭ/shofet, pl. šōp̄əṭîm/shoftim) are described in the Hebrew Bible, and mostly in the Book of Judges, as people who served roles as military leaders in times of crisis, in the period before an Israelite monarchy was established.
The Blessing of Jacob is a prophetic poem that appears in Genesis at and mentions each of Jacob's twelve sons.
The Blessing of Moses is the name given to a prophetic poem that appears in Deuteronomy, where it is presented as a blessing of the Tribes of Israel by Moses.
The Book of Deuteronomy (literally "second law," from Greek deuteros + nomos) is the fifth book of the Torah (a section of the Hebrew Bible) and the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Joshua (ספר יהושע) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible (the Christian Old Testament) and the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile.
The Book of Judges (Hebrew: Sefer Shoftim ספר שופטים) is the seventh book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament.
The Book of Ruth (מגילת רות, Ashkenazi pronunciation:, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (Ketuvim), of the Hebrew Bible; in most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel, as it is set "in the days when the judges judged", although the Syriac Christian tradition places it later, between Ecclesiastes and the Song of Songs.
The two Books of Kings, originally a single book, are the eleventh and twelfth books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The Court History of David (frequently called simply the Court History) is one of the two hypothetical main source documents of the Books of Samuel, the other being the Accession History.
Dagon (Dāgūn; דָּגוֹן, Tib.) or Dagan (𒀭𒁕𒃶) is an ancient Mesopotamian (Assyro-Babylonian) and Levantine (Canaanite) deity.
David is described in the Hebrew Bible as the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
David (Hebrew:; Dāwīḏ or David) and Jonathan (Hebrew:; Yəhōnāṯān or Yehonatan) were heroic figures of the Kingdom of Israel, who formed a covenant of friendship recorded in the books of Samuel.
David's Mighty Warriors (also known as David's Mighty Men or the Gibborim; ha-Gibbōrîm) are a group of 37 men in the Hebrew Bible who fought with King David and are identified in, part of the "supplementary information" added to the Second Book of Samuel in its final four chapters.
The Deuteronomist, or simply D, is one of the sources identified through source criticism as underlying much of the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old Testament).
The Douay–Rheims Bible (pronounced or) (also known as the Rheims–Douai Bible or Douai Bible, and abbreviated as D–R and DRB) is a translation of the Bible from the Latin Vulgate into English made by members of the English College, Douai, in the service of the Catholic Church.
Edom (Assyrian: 𒌑𒁺𒈠𒀀𒀀 Uduma; Syriac: ܐܕܘܡ) was an ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west and the Arabian Desert to the south and east.
Eli (meaning "Ascent" or "above"; Ἠλί Ēli; Heli) was, according to the Books of Samuel, a High Priest of Shiloh.
Forward Movement is the name taken by a number of Christian Protestant movements in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada and other countries.
Gad was a seer or prophet mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and the writings of Jewish historian Josephus.
Goliath is described in the biblical Book of Samuel as a tall Philistine warrior who was defeated by young David in single combat. Post-Classical Jewish traditions stressed his status as the representative of paganism, in contrast to David, the champion of the God of Israel. Christian tradition sees in David's overcoming Goliath the victory of God's king over the enemies of God's helpless people and interprets this as prefiguring Jesus' victory over sin and the Church's victory over Satan. The phrase "David and Goliath" (or "David versus Goliath") has taken on a more popular meaning, denoting an underdog situation, a contest where a smaller, weaker opponent faces a much bigger, stronger adversary. "used to describe a situation in which a small or weak person or organization tries to defeat another much larger or stronger opponent: The game looks like it will be a David and Goliath contest.".
Hannah (חַנָּה Ḥannāh) is one of the wives of Elkanah mentioned in the First Book of Samuel.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
The Hellenistic period covers the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year.
Hezekiah was, according to the Hebrew Bible, the son of Ahaz and the 13th king of Judah.
The historicity of the Bible is the question of the Bible's "acceptability as a history," in the words of Thomas L. Thompson, a scholar who has written widely on this topic as it relates to the Old Testament.
The Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah were related kingdoms from the Iron Age period of the ancient Levant.
Hophni and Phinehas or Phineas were the two sons of Eli.
According to the Hebrew Bible, Ish-bosheth (Standard: Ishbóshet; Tiberian: ʼÎšbṓšeṯ) also called Eshbaal (Standard: Eshbáʻal; Tiberian: ʼEšbáʻal), Ashbaal or Ishbaal, was one of the four sons of King Saul and was chosen as the second king over the Kingdom of Israel, which then consisted of all the Twelve Tribes of Israel, after the death of his father and three brothers at the Battle of Mount Gilboa.
The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.
Jacob, later given the name Israel, is regarded as a Patriarch of the Israelites.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Jebusites (ISO 259-3 Ybusi) were a Canaanite tribe who inhabited Jerusalem prior to its conquest by Joshua (11:3 and 12:10) or King David (2 Samuel 5:6-10).
The Jerusalem Bible (JB or TJB) is an English translation of the Bible published in 1966 by Darton, Longman & Todd.
Jonathan (Hebrew: Yəhōnāṯān or Yehonatan; or Yonatan) is a heroic figure in 1 Samuel in the Hebrew Bible.
Josiah or Yoshiyahu was a seventh-century BCE king of Judah (c. 649–609) who, according to the Hebrew Bible, instituted major religious reforms.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Kingdom of Israel was one of two successor states to the former United Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
The United Monarchy is the name given to the Israelite kingdom of Israel and Judah, during the reigns of Saul, David and Solomon, as depicted in the Hebrew Bible.
The Kingdom of Judah (מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Yehudāh) was an Iron Age kingdom of the Southern Levant.
This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.
Martin Noth (3 August 1902 – 30 May 1968) was a German scholar of the Hebrew Bible who specialized in the pre-Exilic history of the Hebrews.
The Masoretic Text (MT, 𝕸, or \mathfrak) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Tanakh for Rabbinic Judaism.
Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.
Menachem Cohen (born c. 1928) is an Israeli scholar who worked for over 30 years to correct grammatical errors in the Hebrew Bible.
According to the Books of Samuel of the Tanakh, Mephibosheth was the son of Jonathan, grandson of King Saul and father of Mica or Micha.
Michal (מיכל) was, according to the first Book of Samuel, the younger daughter of Saul, king of Israel, who loved and became the first wife of David, who later became king of Judah, and later still of the united Kingdom of Israel.
Midrash Samuel (Hebrew: מדרש שמואל), an aggadic midrash on the books of Samuel, is quoted for the first time by Rashi in his commentary on I Sam. ii.
Mizpah ("watch-tower; the look-out") is a town in Gilead, where Jephthah resided, and where he assumed the command of the Israelites in a time of national danger.
Moab (Moabite: Māʾab;; Μωάβ Mōáb; Assyrian: 𒈬𒀪𒁀𒀀𒀀 Mu'aba, 𒈠𒀪𒁀𒀀𒀀 Ma'ba, 𒈠𒀪𒀊 Ma'ab; Egyptian 𓈗𓇋𓃀𓅱𓈉 Mu'ibu) is the historical name for a mountainous tract of land in Jordan.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Mount Gilboa (הַר הַגִּלְבֹּעַ, הר הגלבוע, Har HaGilboa), sometimes called the Mountains of Gelboe, is a mountain range overlooking the Jezreel Valley in northern Israel.
Nathan (נָתַן Nāṯan; ܢܬܢ fl. c. 1000 BC) is a person in the Hebrew Bible.
In the Hebrew Bible, a nazirite or nazarite is one who voluntarily took a vow described in.
Nevi'im (נְבִיאִים Nəḇî'îm, lit. "spokespersons", "Prophets") is the second main division of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh), between the Torah (instruction) and Ketuvim (writings).
The NIV Study Bible is a study Bible originally published by Zondervan in 1985 which uses the New International Version (NIV).
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
The Philistine captivity of the Ark was an episode described in the biblical history of the Israelites, in which the Ark of the covenant was in the possession of the Philistines, who had captured it after defeating the Israelites in a battle at a location between Eben-ezer, where the Israelites encamped, and Aphek (probably Antipatris), where the Philistines encamped.
The Philistines were an ancient people known for their conflict with the Israelites described in the Bible.
Psalm 18 is the 18th psalm of the Book of Psalms.
Shlomo Yitzchaki (רבי שלמה יצחקי; Salomon Isaacides; Salomon de Troyes, 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), today generally known by the acronym Rashi (רש"י, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud and commentary on the ''Tanakh''.
Rechab is the name of three men in the Bible.
Samson (Shimshon, "man of the sun") was the last of the judges of the ancient Israelites mentioned in the Book of Judges in the Hebrew Bible (chapters 13 to 16) and one of the last of the leaders who "judged" Israel before the institution of the monarchy.
Samuel is a figure in the Hebrew Bible who plays a key role in the narrative, in the transition from the period of the biblical judges to the institution of a kingdom under Saul, and again in the transition from Saul to David.
Saul (meaning "asked for, prayed for"; Saul; طالوت, Ṭālūt or شاؤل, Ša'ūl), according to the Hebrew Bible, was the first king of the Kingdom of Israel and Judah.
The Septuagint or LXX (from the septuāgintā literally "seventy"; sometimes called the Greek Old Testament) is the earliest extant Greek translation of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew.
Shiloh (Heb: שִׁלוֹ,שִׁילֹה,שִׁלֹה, and שִׁילוֹ variably) was an ancient city in Samaria mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Solomon (שְׁלֹמֹה, Shlomoh), also called Jedidiah (Hebrew Yədidya), was, according to the Hebrew Bible, Quran, Hadith and Hidden Words, a fabulously wealthy and wise king of Israel who succeeded his father, King David. The conventional dates of Solomon's reign are circa 970 to 931 BCE, normally given in alignment with the dates of David's reign. He is described as the third king of the United Monarchy, which would break apart into the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah shortly after his death. Following the split, his patrilineal descendants ruled over Judah alone. According to the Talmud, Solomon is one of the 48 prophets. In the Quran, he is considered a major prophet, and Muslims generally refer to him by the Arabic variant Sulayman, son of David. The Hebrew Bible credits him as the builder of the First Temple in Jerusalem, beginning in the fourth year of his reign, using the vast wealth he had accumulated. He dedicated the temple to Yahweh, the God of Israel. He is portrayed as great in wisdom, wealth and power beyond either of the previous kings of the country, but also as a king who sinned. His sins included idolatry, marrying foreign women and, ultimately, turning away from Yahweh, and they led to the kingdom's being torn in two during the reign of his son Rehoboam. Solomon is the subject of many other later references and legends, most notably in the 1st-century apocryphal work known as the Testament of Solomon. In the New Testament, he is portrayed as a teacher of wisdom excelled by Jesus, and as arrayed in glory, but excelled by "the lilies of the field". In later years, in mostly non-biblical circles, Solomon also came to be known as a magician and an exorcist, with numerous amulets and medallion seals dating from the Hellenistic period invoking his name.
The Song of Hannah is a poem interrupting the prose text of the Books of Samuel.
Starting in the Middle Ages, a squire was the shield- or armour-bearer of a knight.
The Talmud (Hebrew: תַּלְמוּד talmūd "instruction, learning", from a root LMD "teach, study") is the central text of Rabbinic Judaism and the primary source of Jewish religious law and theology.
Tamar is a person in 2 Samuel in the Hebrew Bible.
The Tanakh (or; also Tenakh, Tenak, Tanach), also called the Mikra or Hebrew Bible, is the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is also a textual source for the Christian Old Testament.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
According to the Torah, the Tribe of Benjamin (Hebrew: שֵׁבֶט בִּנְיָמִֽן, Shevet Binyamin) was one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel.
Uriah the Hittite (’Ūrîyāh ha-Ḥittî) was a soldier in King David’s army mentioned in the biblical Second Book of Samuel.
The Vulgate is a late-4th-century Latin translation of the Bible that became the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version of the Bible during the 16th century.
In the Hebrew Bible, the Witch of Endor is a woman who summons the prophet Samuel's spirit, at the demand of King Saul of the Kingdom of Israel in the First Book of Samuel.
Yahweh (or often in English; יַהְוֶה) was the national god of the Iron Age kingdoms of Israel (Samaria) and Judah.
2 Samuel 22 is one of the final chapters of the Second Book of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible.
1 Sam., 1 Samuel, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1-2 Samuel, 1Sa., 1–2 Samuel, 2 Sam., 2 Samuel, 2 Samuel 5, 2Sa., 2nd Samuel, Basileiai, Book of Sa1, Book of Sa2, Book of Samuel, Books of samuel, First Book of Samuel, First Samuel, First and Second Books of Samuel, I Sam., I Samuel, II Sam., II Samuel, Republican source, Samuel I, Samuel II, Samuel book, Samuel, First and Second Books of, Samuelis, Second Book of Samuel, Second Samuel, The Books of Samuel, The First Book of Samuel, The Second Book of Samuel.