Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


+ Save concept

In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used. [1]

194 relations: A/UX, Advanced RISC Computing, Alberto Ciaramella, Altair 8800, Amdahl Corporation, Apple I, Apple II series, Apple Inc., Apple–Intel architecture, Atari ST, Atari TOS, Atmel AVR, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System, BeOS, BIOS, BIOS interrupt call, BIOS parameter block, Boot disk, Boot sector, Bootstrapping, BootX (Apple), Burroughs B1700, Burroughs Corporation, Byte, CDC 6600, Chain loading, Channel I/O, Checksum, Cheyenne Mountain Complex, Comparison of boot loaders, Computer, Computer appliance, Computer memory, Computer network, Computer program, Computing, Copy protection, Coreboot, CSELT, Daemon (computing), Das U-Boot, Data General, Data General Nova, DEC Alpha, Device driver, Dictionary.com, Digital Equipment Corporation, Digital signal processor, Diode matrix, Disk enclosure, ..., Drum memory, Dynamic random-access memory, EEPROM, El Torito (CD-ROM standard), Embedded system, Endianness, ENIAC, Entry point, EPROM, Field-programmable gate array, File Allocation Table, Finite-state machine, Firmware, Flash file system, Flash memory, Floppy disk, Floppy disk variants, Forth (programming language), Front panel, GE-600 series, General Electric, General-purpose input/output, GNU GRUB, GPS navigation device, GUID Partition Table, Hard disk drive, Hibernation (computing), HP 2100, IBM, IBM 1401, IBM 2250, IBM 3270, IBM 650, IBM 701, IBM 7030 Stretch, IBM BASIC, IBM PC compatible, IBM Personal Computer, IBM System/360, IBM System/360 Model 85, IBM System/370, IBM System/370 Model 165, IBM System/370 Model 168, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, INT (x86 instruction), Intel, Intel 8086, Intel 8088, Itanium, JTAG, Kernel (operating system), Latitude ON, Libreboot, Linux, Linux startup process, List of PC booter games, Live CD, Live USB, Macintosh, Magnetic tape, Magnetic-core memory, Mask ROM, Master boot record, Memory card reader, Memtest86, Microcomputer, Microreboot, Microsoft Windows, Minicomputer, MIPS architecture, MOS Technology 6502, Multi-booting, Network booting, Non-volatile memory, NTLDR, Offset (computer science), OMAP, Open Firmware, Operating system, Optical disc drive, Partition table, PC booter, PDP-10, PDP-11, PDP-5, PDP-8, Phoronix, Power-on self-test, PowerPC, Preboot Execution Environment, Program status word, Programmable read-only memory, Pseudocode, Punched card, Punched card input/output, Punched tape, Random-access memory, Read-only memory, Real mode, Reboot, RedBoot, Reset vector, Rootkit, Runtime system, Safe mode, SCSI, Secure Digital, Serial Peripheral Interface, Server (computing), SGI Visual Workstation, Sleep mode, SPARC, Spectre GCR, Splashtop OS, Sun Microsystems, SuperDisk, SYS (command), SYSLINUX, System Management Mode, Tape drive, Teleprinter, Teletype Model 33, Television set, Texas Instruments, TheFreeDictionary.com, Trivial File Transfer Protocol, Unibus, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, UNIVAC I, Universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter, University of Oxford, USB, Volume boot record, Windows NT startup process, Windows To Go, Windows Vista startup process, Windows XP, Word (computer architecture), Workstation, X86, X86 memory segmentation, Z/Architecture, Zip drive, 36-bit. Expand index (144 more) »


A/UX is a discontinued Apple Computer implementation of the Unix operating system for some of its Macintosh computers.

New!!: Booting and A/UX · See more »

Advanced RISC Computing

Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) is a specification promulgated by a defunct consortium of computer manufacturers (the Advanced Computing Environment project), setting forth a standard MIPS RISC-based computer hardware and firmware environment.

New!!: Booting and Advanced RISC Computing · See more »

Alberto Ciaramella

Alberto Ciaramella (1947) is an Italian computer engineer and scientist.

New!!: Booting and Alberto Ciaramella · See more »

Altair 8800

The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU.

New!!: Booting and Altair 8800 · See more »

Amdahl Corporation

Amdahl Corporation was an information technology company which specialized in IBM mainframe-compatible computer products, some of which were regarded as supercomputers competing with those from Cray Research.

New!!: Booting and Amdahl Corporation · See more »

Apple I

Apple Computer 1, also known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976.

New!!: Booting and Apple I · See more »

Apple II series

The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.

New!!: Booting and Apple II series · See more »

Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.

New!!: Booting and Apple Inc. · See more »

Apple–Intel architecture

The Apple–Intel architecture, or Mactel, is an unofficial name used for Apple Macintosh personal computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. that use Intel x86 processors, rather than the PowerPC and Motorola 68000 ("68k") series processors used in their predecessors.

New!!: Booting and Apple–Intel architecture · See more »

Atari ST

The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.

New!!: Booting and Atari ST · See more »

Atari TOS

TOS (The Operating System also Tramiel Operating System from Jack Tramiel, owner of Atari Corp. at the time) is the operating system of the Atari ST range of computers.

New!!: Booting and Atari TOS · See more »

Atmel AVR

AVR is a family of microcontrollers developed by Atmel beginning in 1996.

New!!: Booting and Atmel AVR · See more »

Ballistic Missile Early Warning System

The RCA 474L Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (BMEWS, "474L System", Project 474L) was a United States Air Force Cold War early warning radar, computer, and communications system, for ballistic missile detection.

New!!: Booting and Ballistic Missile Early Warning System · See more »


BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.

New!!: Booting and BeOS · See more »


BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.

New!!: Booting and BIOS · See more »

BIOS interrupt call

BIOS interrupt calls are a facility that operating systems and application programs use to invoke the facilities of the Basic Input/Output System on IBM PC compatible computers.

New!!: Booting and BIOS interrupt call · See more »

BIOS parameter block

In computing, the BIOS parameter block, often shortened to BPB, is a data structure in the volume boot record describing the physical layout of a data storage volume.

New!!: Booting and BIOS parameter block · See more »

Boot disk

A boot disk is a removable digital data storage medium from which a computer can load and run (boot) an operating system or utility program.

New!!: Booting and Boot disk · See more »

Boot sector

A boot sector is a region of a hard disk, floppy disk, optical disc, or other data storage device that contains machine code to be loaded into random-access memory (RAM) by a computer system's built-in firmware.

New!!: Booting and Boot sector · See more »


In general, bootstrapping usually refers to a self-starting process that is supposed to proceed without external input.

New!!: Booting and Bootstrapping · See more »

BootX (Apple)

BootX is a software-based bootloader designed and developed by Apple Inc. for use on the company's Macintosh computer range.

New!!: Booting and BootX (Apple) · See more »

Burroughs B1700

The Burroughs B1000 Series was a series of mainframe computers, built by the Burroughs Corporation, and originally introduced in the 1970s with continued software development until 1987.

New!!: Booting and Burroughs B1700 · See more »

Burroughs Corporation

The Burroughs Corporation was a major American manufacturer of business equipment.

New!!: Booting and Burroughs Corporation · See more »


The byte is a unit of digital information that most commonly consists of eight bits, representing a binary number.

New!!: Booting and Byte · See more »

CDC 6600

The CDC 6600 was the flagship of the 6000 series of mainframe computer systems manufactured by Control Data Corporation.

New!!: Booting and CDC 6600 · See more »

Chain loading

Chain loading is a method used by computer programs to replace the currently executing program with a new program, using a common data area to pass information from the current program to the new program.

New!!: Booting and Chain loading · See more »

Channel I/O

In computing, channel I/O is a high-performance input/output (I/O) architecture that is implemented in various forms on a number of computer architectures, especially on mainframe computers.

New!!: Booting and Channel I/O · See more »


A checksum is a small-sized datum derived from a block of digital data for the purpose of detecting errors which may have been introduced during its transmission or storage.

New!!: Booting and Checksum · See more »

Cheyenne Mountain Complex

The Cheyenne Mountain Complex is a military installation and defensive bunker located in unincorporated El Paso County, Colorado, next to Colorado Springs, at the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, which hosts the activities of several tenant units.

New!!: Booting and Cheyenne Mountain Complex · See more »

Comparison of boot loaders

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of available boot loaders.

New!!: Booting and Comparison of boot loaders · See more »


A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

New!!: Booting and Computer · See more »

Computer appliance

A computer appliance is a computer with software or firmware that is specifically designed to provide a specific computing resource.

New!!: Booting and Computer appliance · See more »

Computer memory

In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".

New!!: Booting and Computer memory · See more »

Computer network

A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.

New!!: Booting and Computer network · See more »

Computer program

A computer program is a collection of instructions for performing a specific task that is designed to solve a specific class of problems.

New!!: Booting and Computer program · See more »


Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computers.

New!!: Booting and Computing · See more »

Copy protection

Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.

New!!: Booting and Copy protection · See more »


coreboot, formerly known as LinuxBIOS, is a software project aimed at replacing proprietary firmware (BIOS or UEFI) found in most computers with a lightweight firmware designed to perform only the minimum number of tasks necessary to load and run a modern 32-bit or 64-bit operating system.

New!!: Booting and Coreboot · See more »


Centro Studi e Laboratori Telecomunicazioni (CSELT) was an Italian research center for Telecommunication based in Torino, the biggest in Italy and one of the most important in Europe.

New!!: Booting and CSELT · See more »

Daemon (computing)

In multitasking computer operating systems, a daemon is a computer program that runs as a background process, rather than being under the direct control of an interactive user.

New!!: Booting and Daemon (computing) · See more »

Das U-Boot

Das U-Boot (subtitled "the Universal Boot Loader" and often shortened to U-Boot) is an open source, primary boot loader used in embedded devices to package the instructions to boot the device's operating system kernel.

New!!: Booting and Das U-Boot · See more »

Data General

Data General was one of the first minicomputer firms from the late 1960s.

New!!: Booting and Data General · See more »

Data General Nova

The Data General Nova is a series of 16-bit minicomputers released by the American company Data General.

New!!: Booting and Data General Nova · See more »

DEC Alpha

Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.

New!!: Booting and DEC Alpha · See more »

Device driver

In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.

New!!: Booting and Device driver · See more »


Dictionary.com is an online dictionary whose domain was first registered on May 14, 1995.

New!!: Booting and Dictionary.com · See more »

Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

New!!: Booting and Digital Equipment Corporation · See more »

Digital signal processor

A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.

New!!: Booting and Digital signal processor · See more »

Diode matrix

A diode matrix is a two-dimensional grid of wires: each "intersection" wherein one row crosses over another has either a diode connecting them, or the wires are isolated from each other.

New!!: Booting and Diode matrix · See more »

Disk enclosure

A disk enclosure is a specialized casing designed to hold and power disk drives while providing a mechanism to allow them to communicate to one or more separate computers.

New!!: Booting and Disk enclosure · See more »

Drum memory

Drum memory was a magnetic data storage device invented by Gustav Tauschek in 1932 in Austria.

New!!: Booting and Drum memory · See more »

Dynamic random-access memory

Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.

New!!: Booting and Dynamic random-access memory · See more »


EEPROM (also E2PROM) stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory and is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers, integrated in microcontrollers for smart cards and remote keyless system, and other electronic devices to store relatively small amounts of data but allowing individual bytes to be erased and reprogrammed.

New!!: Booting and EEPROM · See more »

El Torito (CD-ROM standard)

The El Torito Bootable CD Specification is an extension to the ISO 9660 CD-ROM specification.

New!!: Booting and El Torito (CD-ROM standard) · See more »

Embedded system

An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.

New!!: Booting and Embedded system · See more »


Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.

New!!: Booting and Endianness · See more »


ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was amongst the earliest electronic general-purpose computers made.

New!!: Booting and ENIAC · See more »

Entry point

In computer programming, an entry point is where control is transferred from the operating system to a computer program, at which place the processor enters a program or a code fragment and execution begins.

New!!: Booting and Entry point · See more »


An EPROM (rarely EROM), or erasable programmable read-only memory, is a type of memory chip that retains its data when its power supply is switched off.

New!!: Booting and EPROM · See more »

Field-programmable gate array

A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".

New!!: Booting and Field-programmable gate array · See more »

File Allocation Table

File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.

New!!: Booting and File Allocation Table · See more »

Finite-state machine

A finite-state machine (FSM) or finite-state automaton (FSA, plural: automata), finite automaton, or simply a state machine, is a mathematical model of computation.

New!!: Booting and Finite-state machine · See more »


In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.

New!!: Booting and Firmware · See more »

Flash file system

A flash file system is a file system designed for storing files on flash memory–based storage devices.

New!!: Booting and Flash file system · See more »

Flash memory

Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.

New!!: Booting and Flash memory · See more »

Floppy disk

A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.

New!!: Booting and Floppy disk · See more »

Floppy disk variants

The floppy disk is a ubiquitous data storage and transfer device from the mid-1970s well into the 2000s.

New!!: Booting and Floppy disk variants · See more »

Forth (programming language)

Forth is an imperative stack-based computer programming language and environment originally designed by Charles "Chuck" Moore.

New!!: Booting and Forth (programming language) · See more »

Front panel

A front panel was used on early electronic computers to display and allow the alteration of the state of the machine's internal registers and memory.

New!!: Booting and Front panel · See more »

GE-600 series

The GE-600 series was a family of 36-bit mainframe computers originating in the 1960s, built by General Electric (GE).

New!!: Booting and GE-600 series · See more »

General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

New!!: Booting and General Electric · See more »

General-purpose input/output

A general-purpose input/output (GPIO) is an uncommitted digital signal pin on an integrated circuit or electronic circuit board whose behavior—including whether it acts an input or output—is controllable by the user at run time.

New!!: Booting and General-purpose input/output · See more »


GNU GRUB (short for GNU GRand Unified Bootloader) is a boot loader package from the GNU Project.

New!!: Booting and GNU GRUB · See more »

GPS navigation device

A GPS navigation device, GPS receiver, or simply GPS is a device that is capable of receiving information from GPS satellites and then to calculate the device's geographical position.

New!!: Booting and GPS navigation device · See more »

GUID Partition Table

GUID Partition Table (GPT) is a standard for the layout of the partition table on a physical storage device used in a desktop or server PC, such as a hard disk drive or solid-state drive, using globally unique identifiers (GUID).

New!!: Booting and GUID Partition Table · See more »

Hard disk drive

A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.

New!!: Booting and Hard disk drive · See more »

Hibernation (computing)

Hibernation (or suspend to disk) in computing is powering down a computer while retaining its state.

New!!: Booting and Hibernation (computing) · See more »

HP 2100

The HP 2100 was a series of minicomputers produced by Hewlett-Packard (HP) from the mid-1960s to early 1990s.

New!!: Booting and HP 2100 · See more »


The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.

New!!: Booting and IBM · See more »

IBM 1401

The IBM 1401 is a variable wordlength decimal computer that was announced by IBM on October 5, 1959.

New!!: Booting and IBM 1401 · See more »

IBM 2250

The IBM 2250 Graphics Display Unit was a vector graphics display system by IBM for the System/360.

New!!: Booting and IBM 2250 · See more »

IBM 3270

The IBM 3270 is a class of block oriented computer terminal (sometimes called display devices) introduced by IBM in 1971 normally used to communicate with IBM mainframes.

New!!: Booting and IBM 3270 · See more »

IBM 650

The IBM 650 Magnetic Drum Data-Processing Machine is one of IBM's early computers, and the world’s first mass-produced computer.

New!!: Booting and IBM 650 · See more »

IBM 701

The IBM 701 Electronic Data Processing Machine, known as the Defense Calculator while in development, was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer, which was announced to the public on April 29, 1952.

New!!: Booting and IBM 701 · See more »

IBM 7030 Stretch

The IBM 7030, also known as Stretch, was IBM's first transistorized supercomputer.

New!!: Booting and IBM 7030 Stretch · See more »


The IBM Personal Computer Basic, commonly shortened to IBM BASIC, is a programming language first released by IBM with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) in 1981.

New!!: Booting and IBM BASIC · See more »

IBM PC compatible

IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.

New!!: Booting and IBM PC compatible · See more »

IBM Personal Computer

The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.

New!!: Booting and IBM Personal Computer · See more »

IBM System/360

The IBM System/360 (S/360) is a family of mainframe computer systems that was announced by IBM on April 7, 1964, and delivered between 1965 and 1978.

New!!: Booting and IBM System/360 · See more »

IBM System/360 Model 85

The IBM System/360 Model 85 is a high-end member of the System/360 family of computers, with many advanced features, and was introduced in January, 1968.

New!!: Booting and IBM System/360 Model 85 · See more »

IBM System/370

The IBM System/370 (S/370) was a model range of IBM mainframe computers announced on June 30, 1970 as the successors to the System/360 family.

New!!: Booting and IBM System/370 · See more »

IBM System/370 Model 165

The IBM System/370 Model 165 (and the Model 155) were jointly announced June 30, 1970 as "designed for...

New!!: Booting and IBM System/370 Model 165 · See more »

IBM System/370 Model 168

The IBM System/370 Model 168 (and the Model 158))were both announced August 2, 1972 Prior 370 systems had not "offered virtual storage capability, which was to be a hallmark of the 370 line," and some said that the 168 and 158 were the first "real 370" products. By contrast, "in 1972, the System/370 Advanced Function was released and had new Address Relocation Hardware and now supported four new operating systems (VM/370, DOS/VS, OS/VS1, OS/VS2)." The 158 and 168 were withdrawn Sep 15, 1980.

New!!: Booting and IBM System/370 Model 168 · See more »

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey.

New!!: Booting and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers · See more »

INT (x86 instruction)

INT is an assembly language instruction for x86 processors that generates a software interrupt.

New!!: Booting and INT (x86 instruction) · See more »


Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.

New!!: Booting and Intel · See more »

Intel 8086

The 8086 (also called iAPX 86) is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released.

New!!: Booting and Intel 8086 · See more »

Intel 8088

The Intel 8088 ("eighty-eighty-eight", also called iAPX 88) microprocessor is a variant of the Intel 8086.

New!!: Booting and Intel 8088 · See more »


Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).

New!!: Booting and Itanium · See more »


JTAG (named after the Joint Test Action Group which codified it) is an industry standard for verifying designs and testing printed circuit boards after manufacture.

New!!: Booting and JTAG · See more »

Kernel (operating system)

The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.

New!!: Booting and Kernel (operating system) · See more »

Latitude ON

Latitude ON is an instant-on computer system made by Dell.

New!!: Booting and Latitude ON · See more »


Libreboot (formerly known as GNU Libreboot) is a free software project aimed at replacing the proprietary BIOS firmware found in most computers with a libre, lightweight system designed to perform only the minimum number of tasks necessary to load and run a modern 32-bit or 64-bit operating system.

New!!: Booting and Libreboot · See more »


Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.

New!!: Booting and Linux · See more »

Linux startup process

Linux startup process is the multi-stage initialization process performed during booting a Linux installation.

New!!: Booting and Linux startup process · See more »

List of PC booter games

Many early IBM PC compatible games between 1981 and 1988 were known as PC booters.

New!!: Booting and List of PC booter games · See more »

Live CD

A live CD (also live DVD, live disc, or live operating system) is a complete bootable computer installation including operating system which runs directly from a CD-ROM or similar storage device into a computer's memory, rather than loading from a hard disk drive.

New!!: Booting and Live CD · See more »

Live USB

A live USB is a USB flash drive or external hard disk drive containing a full operating system that can be booted.

New!!: Booting and Live USB · See more »


The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.

New!!: Booting and Macintosh · See more »

Magnetic tape

Magnetic tape is a medium for magnetic recording, made of a thin, magnetizable coating on a long, narrow strip of plastic film.

New!!: Booting and Magnetic tape · See more »

Magnetic-core memory

Magnetic-core memory was the predominant form of random-access computer memory for 20 years between about 1955 and 1975.

New!!: Booting and Magnetic-core memory · See more »

Mask ROM

Mask ROM (MROM) is a type of read-only memory (ROM) whose contents are programmed by the integrated circuit manufacturer (rather than by the user).

New!!: Booting and Mask ROM · See more »

Master boot record

A master boot record (MBR) is a special type of boot sector at the very beginning of partitioned computer mass storage devices like fixed disks or removable drives intended for use with IBM PC-compatible systems and beyond.

New!!: Booting and Master boot record · See more »

Memory card reader

A memory card reader is a device for accessing the data on a memory card such as a CompactFlash (CF), Secure Digital (SD) or MultiMediaCard (MMC).

New!!: Booting and Memory card reader · See more »


MemTest86 and Memtest86+ are memory test software programs designed to test and stress test an x86 architecture computer's random access memory (RAM) for errors, by writing test patterns to most memory addresses, reading back the data, and comparing for errors.

New!!: Booting and Memtest86 · See more »


A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).

New!!: Booting and Microcomputer · See more »


Microrebooting is a technique used to recover from failures in crash-only software systems.

New!!: Booting and Microreboot · See more »

Microsoft Windows

Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.

New!!: Booting and Microsoft Windows · See more »


A minicomputer, or colloquially mini, is a class of smaller computers that was developed in the mid-1960s and sold for much less than mainframe and mid-size computers from IBM and its direct competitors.

New!!: Booting and Minicomputer · See more »

MIPS architecture

MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).

New!!: Booting and MIPS architecture · See more »

MOS Technology 6502

The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".

New!!: Booting and MOS Technology 6502 · See more »


Multi-booting is the act of installing multiple operating systems on a computer, and being able to choose which one to boot.

New!!: Booting and Multi-booting · See more »

Network booting

Network booting, shortened netboot, is the process of booting a computer from a network rather than a local drive.

New!!: Booting and Network booting · See more »

Non-volatile memory

Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.

New!!: Booting and Non-volatile memory · See more »


NTLDR (abbreviation of NT loader) is the boot loader for all releases of Windows NT operating system up to and including Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

New!!: Booting and NTLDR · See more »

Offset (computer science)

In computer science, an offset within an array or other data structure object is an integer indicating the distance (displacement) between the beginning of the object and a given element or point, presumably within the same object.

New!!: Booting and Offset (computer science) · See more »


The OMAP (Open Multimedia Applications Platform) family, developed by Texas Instruments, is a series of image/video processors.

New!!: Booting and OMAP · See more »

Open Firmware

Open Firmware, or OpenBoot in Sun Microsystems parlance, is a standard defining the interfaces of a computer firmware system, formerly endorsed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

New!!: Booting and Open Firmware · See more »

Operating system

An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.

New!!: Booting and Operating system · See more »

Optical disc drive

In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.

New!!: Booting and Optical disc drive · See more »

Partition table

A partition is a fixed-size subset of a disk drive which is treated as a unit by the operating system.

New!!: Booting and Partition table · See more »

PC booter

A PC booter, or booter, is a type of software for home computer era (late 1970s to early 1990s) personal computers that was loaded and executed in the bootup of the computer, from a bootable floppy disk, rather than as a regular program; a booter thus bypassed any operating system that might be installed on the hard disk of the computer.

New!!: Booting and PC booter · See more »


The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.

New!!: Booting and PDP-10 · See more »


The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.

New!!: Booting and PDP-11 · See more »


The PDP-5 was Digital Equipment Corporation's first 12-bit computer, introduced in 1963.

New!!: Booting and PDP-5 · See more »


The PDP-8 was a 12-bit minicomputer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).

New!!: Booting and PDP-8 · See more »


Phoronix is a technology website that offers insights regarding the development of the Linux kernel, product reviews, interviews, and news regarding free and open-source software by monitoring the Linux kernel mailing list or interviews.

New!!: Booting and Phoronix · See more »

Power-on self-test

A power-on self-test (POST) is a process performed by firmware or software routines immediately after a computer or other digital electronic device is powered on.

New!!: Booting and Power-on self-test · See more »


PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.

New!!: Booting and PowerPC · See more »

Preboot Execution Environment

In computing, the Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE, sometimes pronounced as pixie) specification describes a standardized client-server environment that boots a software assembly, retrieved from a network, on PXE-enabled clients.

New!!: Booting and Preboot Execution Environment · See more »

Program status word

The program status word (PSW) is an IBM System/360 architecture and successors control register which performs the function of a status register and program counter in other architectures, and more.

New!!: Booting and Program status word · See more »

Programmable read-only memory

A programmable read-only memory (PROM) or field programmable read-only memory (FPROM) or one-time programmable non-volatile memory (OTP NVM) is a form of digital memory where the setting of each bit is locked by a fuse or antifuse.

New!!: Booting and Programmable read-only memory · See more »


Pseudocode is an informal high-level description of the operating principle of a computer program or other algorithm.

New!!: Booting and Pseudocode · See more »

Punched card

A punched card or punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital data represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions.

New!!: Booting and Punched card · See more »

Punched card input/output

A computer punched card reader or just computer card reader is a computer input device used to read computer programs in either source or executable form and data from punched cards.

New!!: Booting and Punched card input/output · See more »

Punched tape

Punched tape or perforated paper tape is a form of data storage, consisting of a long strip of paper in which holes are punched to store data.

New!!: Booting and Punched tape · See more »

Random-access memory

Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.

New!!: Booting and Random-access memory · See more »

Read-only memory

Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.

New!!: Booting and Read-only memory · See more »

Real mode

Real mode, also called real address mode, is an operating mode of all x86-compatible CPUs.

New!!: Booting and Real mode · See more »


In computing, rebooting is the process by which a running computer system is restarted, either intentionally or unintentionally.

New!!: Booting and Reboot · See more »


RedBoot (an acronym for Red Hat Embedded Debug and Bootstrap firmware) is an open source application that uses the eCos real-time operating system Hardware Abstraction Layer to provide bootstrap firmware for embedded systems.

New!!: Booting and RedBoot · See more »

Reset vector

The reset vector is the default location a central processing unit will go to find the first instruction it will execute after a reset.

New!!: Booting and Reset vector · See more »


A root kit is a collection of computer software, typically malicious, designed to enable access to a computer or areas of its software that is not otherwise allowed (for example, to an unauthorized user) and often masks its existence or the existence of other software.

New!!: Booting and Rootkit · See more »

Runtime system

A runtime system, also called run-time system, primarily implements portions of an execution model.

New!!: Booting and Runtime system · See more »

Safe mode

Safe mode is a diagnostic mode of a computer operating system (OS).

New!!: Booting and Safe mode · See more »


Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.

New!!: Booting and SCSI · See more »

Secure Digital

Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.

New!!: Booting and Secure Digital · See more »

Serial Peripheral Interface

The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is a synchronous serial communication interface specification used for short distance communication, primarily in embedded systems.

New!!: Booting and Serial Peripheral Interface · See more »

Server (computing)

In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".

New!!: Booting and Server (computing) · See more »

SGI Visual Workstation

SGI Visual Workstation is a series of workstation computers that are designed and manufactured by SGI.

New!!: Booting and SGI Visual Workstation · See more »

Sleep mode

Sleep mode is a low power mode for electronic devices such as computers, televisions, and remote controlled devices.

New!!: Booting and Sleep mode · See more »


SPARC, for Scalable Processor Architecture, is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems.

New!!: Booting and SPARC · See more »

Spectre GCR

The Spectre GCR was a hardware add-on to the Atari ST computers that plugged into the cartridge port.

New!!: Booting and Spectre GCR · See more »

Splashtop OS

Splashtop OS (previously known as SplashTop) is a discontinued proprietary Linux distribution intended to serve as instant-on environment for personal computers.

New!!: Booting and Splashtop OS · See more »

Sun Microsystems

Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.

New!!: Booting and Sun Microsystems · See more »


The SuperDisk LS-120 is a high-speed, high-capacity alternative to the 90 mm (3.5 in), 1.44 MB floppy disk.

New!!: Booting and SuperDisk · See more »

SYS (command)

SYS is a command in Microsoft BASIC used to execute a machine language program in memory.

New!!: Booting and SYS (command) · See more »


The SYSLINUX Project is a suite of lightweight master boot record (MBR) boot loaders for starting up IBM PC compatible computers with the Linux kernel.

New!!: Booting and SYSLINUX · See more »

System Management Mode

System Management Mode (SMM, sometimes called ring -2 in reference to protection rings) is an operating mode of x86 central processor units (CPUs) in which all normal execution, including the operating system, is suspended.

New!!: Booting and System Management Mode · See more »

Tape drive

A tape drive is a data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape.

New!!: Booting and Tape drive · See more »


A teleprinter (teletypewriter, Teletype or TTY) is an electromechanical typewriter that can be used to send and receive typed messages through various communications channels, in both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint configurations.

New!!: Booting and Teleprinter · See more »

Teletype Model 33

The Teletype Model 33 is an electromechanical teleprinter designed for light-duty office.

New!!: Booting and Teletype Model 33 · See more »

Television set

A television set or television receiver, more commonly called a television, TV, TV set, or telly, is a device that combines a tuner, display, and loudspeakers for the purpose of viewing television.

New!!: Booting and Television set · See more »

Texas Instruments

Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.

New!!: Booting and Texas Instruments · See more »


TheFreeDictionary.com is an American online dictionary and encyclopedia that gathers information from a variety of sources.

New!!: Booting and TheFreeDictionary.com · See more »

Trivial File Transfer Protocol

Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) is a simple lockstep File Transfer Protocol which allows a client to get a file from or put a file onto a remote host.

New!!: Booting and Trivial File Transfer Protocol · See more »


The Unibus was the earliest of several computer bus and backplane designs used with PDP-11 and early VAX systems manufactured by the Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) of Maynard, Massachusetts.

New!!: Booting and Unibus · See more »

Unified Extensible Firmware Interface

The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.

New!!: Booting and Unified Extensible Firmware Interface · See more »


The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first commercial computer produced in the United States.

New!!: Booting and UNIVAC I · See more »

Universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter

A universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter (UART) is a computer hardware device for asynchronous serial communication in which the data format and transmission speeds are configurable.

New!!: Booting and Universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter · See more »

University of Oxford

The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.

New!!: Booting and University of Oxford · See more »


USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.

New!!: Booting and USB · See more »

Volume boot record

A volume boot record (VBR) (also known as a volume boot sector, a partition boot record or a partition boot sector) is a type of boot sector introduced by the IBM Personal Computer.

New!!: Booting and Volume boot record · See more »

Windows NT startup process

The Windows NT startup process is the process by which Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems initialize.

New!!: Booting and Windows NT startup process · See more »

Windows To Go

Windows To Go is a feature in Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8.1 Enterprise, Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education that allows them to boot and run from certain USB mass storage devices such as USB flash drives and external hard disk drives which have been certified by Microsoft as compatible.

New!!: Booting and Windows To Go · See more »

Windows Vista startup process

The startup process of Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 and their successors differs from the startup process part of previous versions of Windows.

New!!: Booting and Windows Vista startup process · See more »

Windows XP

Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.

New!!: Booting and Windows XP · See more »

Word (computer architecture)

In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.

New!!: Booting and Word (computer architecture) · See more »


A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.

New!!: Booting and Workstation · See more »


x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.

New!!: Booting and X86 · See more »

X86 memory segmentation

x86 memory segmentation refers to the implementation of memory segmentation in the Intel x86 computer instruction set architecture.

New!!: Booting and X86 memory segmentation · See more »


z/Architecture, initially and briefly called ESA Modal Extensions (ESAME), is IBM's 64-bit instruction set architecture implemented by its mainframe computers.

New!!: Booting and Z/Architecture · See more »

Zip drive

The Zip drive is a removable floppy disk storage system that was introduced by Iomega in late 1994.

New!!: Booting and Zip drive · See more »


Prior to the introduction of computers, the state of the art in precision scientific and engineering calculation was the ten-digit, electrically powered, mechanical calculator, such as those manufactured by Friden, Marchant and Monroe.

New!!: Booting and 36-bit · See more »

Redirects here:

Apple-Control-Reset, Apple-control-reset, Autobooting, Boot (computing), Boot Loader, Boot ROM, Boot device, Boot drive, Boot loader, Boot loaders, Boot menu, Boot monitor, Boot process, Boot program, Boot sequence, Boot software, Boot time, Boot up, Boot-up, Boot-up period, Bootable, Booting device, Booting up, Bootloader, Bootloaders, Bootstrap Loader, Bootstrap loader, Bootstrap program, Bootstrap routine, Bootup, Cold Boot, Cold reset, Direct-initialization, Hard boot, Hard-Reset, Initial Program Load, Initial Program Loader, Initial program load, List of Acquisitions by Hard-Reset, Open Apple-Control-Reset, Open apple-control-reset, Openapple-control-reset, PC Boot Process, Quick boot, Random reboot, Rebooting (computer), Second-stage boot loader, Secondary Program Loader, Secondary boot loader, Secondary program loader, Soft boot, Soft-reset, System boot, System reboot, System startup, Warm start, X-loader.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Booting

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »