418 relations: A10 autoroute, A62 autoroute, A63 autoroute, A89 autoroute, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Academy, Agen, Airbus A380, Alain Juppé, Alain Rousset, Albert Pitres, Allobroges, Alstom, Amphitheatre, Amsterdam, Ancient Rome, Ange-Jacques Gabriel, Anthony van Dyck, Antwerp, Appellation, Apse, Aquitaine, Aquitanian language, Arcachon, Arena (swimwear), Ariane 5, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Armand Gensonné, Arnaud Binard, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Ashdod, Association football, Atlantic history, Atlantic Ocean, Ausonius, École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux, École nationale supérieure de chimie et de physique de Bordeaux, Édouard Molinaro, Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty, Étienne Noël Damilaville, Baku, Basilica of St. Michael, Bordeaux, Battle of Bordeaux (1938 FIFA World Cup), Battle of Burdigala, Battle of Castillon, Battle of Roncevaux Pass, Battle of 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The A10, also called L'Aquitaine, is an Autoroute in France, running for 549 km (341 mi) from the A6 south of Paris to the A630 at Bordeaux.
The A62 autoroute is a French motorway forming part of the Autoroute de Deux Mers.
The A63 autoroute is a motorway in southwest France, connecting Bordeaux (from Junction 15 of the Rocade) to the border with Spain.
The A89 autoroute is a motorway in central France.
Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (died 732; عبد الرحمن الغافقي), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, unsuccessfully led the Andalusian Muslims into battle against the forces of Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours on October 10, 732 AD.
An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership.
The commune of Agen is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
Alain Marie Juppé (born 15 August 1945) is a French politician, and a member of The Republicans.
Alain Rousset (born February 16, 1951) is the Socialist president of the Aquitaine region of France, and a Deputy in the National Assembly of France, representing the 7th constituency of the Gironde.
Albert Pitres (26 August 1848 – 25 March 1928) was a French neurological physician.
The Allobroges (Άλλόβριγες, Άλλόβρυγες, Άλλόβρoγες) were a Gallic tribe of ancient Gaul, located between the Rhône River and Lake Geneva in what later became Savoy, Dauphiné, and Vivarais.
Alstom is a French multinational company operating worldwide in rail transport markets, active in the fields of passenger transportation, signalling and locomotives, with products including the AGV, TGV, Eurostar, and Pendolino high-speed trains, in addition to suburban, regional and metro trains, and Citadis trams.
An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Ange-Jacques Gabriel (23 October 1698 – 4 January 1782) was the principal architect of King Louis XV of France.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
An appellation is a legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown; other types of food often have appellations as well.
In architecture, an apse (plural apses; from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis, plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Aguiéne), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana) was a traditional region of France, and was an administrative region of France until 1 January 2016.
The Aquitanian language was spoken on both sides of the western Pyrenees in ancient Aquitaine (approximately between the Pyrenees and the Garonne, in the region later known as Gascony) and in the areas south of the Pyrenees in the valleys of the Basque Country before the Roman conquest.
Arcachon (Arcaishon in Gascon) is a commune in the southwestern French department of Gironde.
Arena is a brand of competitive swimwear created in 1973 at Adidas AG Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches GCC, OL (July 19, 1885 – April 3, 1954) was a Portuguese consul during World War II.
Armand Gensonné (10 August 175831 October 1793) was a French politician.
Arnaud Binard (born 18 January, 1971) is a French actor and producer.
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain, serving twice as Prime Minister.
Arts et Métiers ParisTech is a French engineering and research graduate school (Grande Ecole).
Ashdod (help; أَشْدُود or إِسْدُود) is the sixth-largest city and the largest port in Israel accounting for 60% of the country's imported goods.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Atlantic history is a specialty field in history that studies of the Atlantic World in the early modern period.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
Decimus or Decimius Magnus Ausonius (– c. 395) was a Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric from Burdigala in Aquitaine, modern Bordeaux, France.
École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux
The École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA) is a grande école (French engineering school) located in Bordeaux specialized in Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Computer Science, Telecommunications, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
The École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie et de Physique de Bordeaux or ENSCPB (or "CPB" in common parlance) - which can be translated as Graduate School of Chemistry and Physics of Bordeaux - is one of the French "grandes écoles ", whose main purpose is to form chemical and physical engineers (with a level "bac+5").
Édouard Molinaro (13 May 1928 – 7 December 2013) was a French film director and screenwriter.
Étienne-Marie-Antoine Champion, comte de Nansouty (30 May 1768 – 12 February 1815) was a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
Étienne Noël Damilaville 21 November 1723 – 13 December 1768) was an 18th-century French man of letters, friend of Voltaire, Diderot and d'Alembert. He served in various military and administrative functions of the Ancien Régime. He was a member of the bodyguard of King Louis XV, and then a senior civil servant in the tax office responsible for supervising the Vingtième. His official roles meant that his correspondence was unexamined by censors, enabling him to circulate letters between leading thinkers of the day, most particularly during the Sirven affair.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
The Basilica of St.
The Battle of Bordeaux is an informal name for the World Cup football match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia on 12 June 1938 in the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux, France, one of the quarter-finals of the 1938 World Cup finals.
The Battle of Burdigala was a battle of the Cimbrian War that occurred in the year 107 BC.
The Battle of Castillon was a battle fought on 17 July 1453 in Gascony near the town of Castillon-sur-Dordogne (later Castillon-la-Bataille).
The Battle of Roncevaux Pass (French and English spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish, Orreaga in Basque) in 778 saw a large force of Basques ambush a part of Charlemagne's army in Roncevaux Pass, a high mountain pass in the Pyrenees on the present border between France and Spain, after his invasion of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
The Battle of the River Garonne, also known as the Battle of Bordeaux,Matthew Bennett The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient & Medieval Warfare 1579581161 1998 p319 "In 732 a large army (70,000-80,000) led by Abd ar-Rahman defeated the Aquitainians under Duke Eudo at the Battle of Bordeaux" was fought in 732 between an Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, governor of Al-Andalus, and Aquitanian forces led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine.
The Battle of Tours (10 October 732) – also called the Battle of Poitiers and, by Arab sources, the Battle of the Palace of the Martyrs (Ma'arakat Balāṭ ash-Shuhadā’) – was fought by Frankish and Burgundian forces under Charles Martel against an army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Governor-General of al-Andalus.
Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
A bell is a directly struck idiophone percussion instrument.
A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none.
BEM or Bem may refer to.
Bernard Delvaille (1 December 1931 – 18 April 2006) was a French poet, essayist, translator and anthologist.
Bernard Sarrette (27 November 1765April 1858), founded what would become the Conservatoire de Paris.
Bertrand Andrieu (24 November 1761 – 6 December 1822) was a French engraver of medals.
BETASOM (an Italian language acronym of Bordeaux Sommergibile or Sommergibili) was a submarine base established at Bordeaux, France by the Italian Regia Marina Italiana during World War II.
A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a short term basis for a price or free.
Bike lanes (US) or cycle lanes (UK) are types of bikeways (cycleways) with lanes on the roadway for cyclists only.
Bilbao (Bilbo) is a city in northern Spain, the largest city in the province of Biscay and in the Basque Country as a whole.
The Bituriges Vivisci were one of the tribes of Gaul.
Bonapartism is the political ideology of Napoleon Bonaparte and his followers and successors.
A booster rocket (or engine) is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer rockets to augment the space vehicle's takeoff thrust and payload capability.
The Cathedral of Saint Andrew of Bordeaux (French: Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux), commonly known as Bordeaux Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Andrew and located in Bordeaux, France.
Bordeaux Métropole is the métropole, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Bordeaux.
The Bordeaux tramway network (Tramway de Bordeaux) consists of three lines serving the city of Bordeaux in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The A line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by Transports Bordeaux Métropole, and connects Lormont and Floirac to Mérignac.
The B line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by Transports Bordeaux Métropole, and connects Station Pessac Centre in Pessac to Claveau in north Bordeaux.
The C line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by Transports Bordeaux Métropole, and connects Les Aubiers to Terres Neuves.
A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of southwest France, centred on the city of Bordeaux on the Garonne River, to the north of the city the Dordogne River joins the Garonne forming the broad estuary called the Gironde and covering the whole area of the Gironde department,with a total vineyard area of over 120,000 hectares, making it the largest wine growing area in France.
The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 resulted from the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, when Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines that were to be on display for visitors from around the world.
The wine regions of Bordeaux are a large number of wine growing areas, differing widely in size and sometimes overlapping, which lie within the overarching wine region of Bordeaux, centred on the city of Bordeaux and covering the whole area of the Gironde department of Aquitaine.
Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport (Aéroport de Bordeaux-Mérignac) is the international airport of Bordeaux, in south-western France.
The Bordeaux–Paris professional cycle race was one of Europe's Classic cycle races, and one of the longest in the professional calendar, covering approximately - more than twice most single-day races.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
Bruno Marie-Rose (born 20 May 1965 in Bordeaux) is a retired sprinter from France.
The Burdigalian is, in the geologic timescale, an age or stage in the early Miocene.
A bus lane or bus-only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.
The Urban Community of Bordeaux Public Transport System (TBM) (Keolis) manages 65 regular bus and tram lines in Bordeaux Métropole.
Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide.
Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.
A canelé is a small French pastry flavored with rum and vanilla with a soft and tender custard center and a dark, thick caramelized crust.
The cantons of Bordeaux are administrative divisions of the Gironde department, in southwestern France.
CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux, formerly the Centre d'arts plastiques contemporains (CAPC), is a museum of modern art established in 1973 in Bordeaux, France.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Carménère grape is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France, where it was used to produce deep red wines and occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot.
The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family founded by Charles Martel with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Cdiscount is a French e-commerce website with a broad offer: a wide range of products including, among others, cultural goods, high-tech, IT, household appliances, personal appliances and food.
Chantal Bourragué (born 3 March 1946 in Angoulême, Charente) is a member of the National Assembly of France.
Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461), called the Victorious (le Victorieux)Charles VII, King of France, Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War, ed.
Château d'Yquem is a Premier Cru Supérieur (Fr: "Superior First Growth") wine from the Sauternes, Gironde region in the southern part of the Bordeaux vineyards known as Graves.
Château Haut-Brion is a French wine, rated a Premier Cru Classé (First Growth), produced in Pessac just outside the city of Bordeaux.
Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century.
Château Latour is a French wine estate, rated as a First Growth under the 1855 Bordeaux Classification, owned by Groupe Artemis.
Château Margaux, archaically La Mothe de Margaux, is a wine estate of Bordeaux wine, and was one of four wines to achieve ''Premier cru'' (first growth) status in the Bordeaux Classification of 1855.
Château Mouton Rothschild is a wine estate located in the village of Pauillac in the Médoc region, 50 km (30 mi) north-west of the city of Bordeaux, France.
Christine Barbe is a French winemaker.
The Church of the Holy Cross (Église Sainte-Croix) is a Roman Catholic abbey church located in Bordeaux, southern France.
The Cité du Vin is a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine located in Bordeaux, France.
Claude Lorrain (born Claude Gellée, called le Lorrain in French; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era.
A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft or spacecraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
Cologne (Köln,, Kölle) is the largest city in the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the fourth most populated city in Germany (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich).
Combined Operations Headquarters was a department of the British War Office set up during Second World War to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The following is a list of the 538 communes of the Gironde department of France.
The Count of Bordeaux (Latin comes Burdagalensis) was the ruler of the city of Bordeaux and its environs in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux (1 May 1917 – 17 October 2017) was a French actress of stage, television and film, as well as a singer and dancer.
Dassault Aviation SA is an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, a subsidiary of Dassault Group.
Dassault Group (GIMD, Groupe Dassault, or the Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault S.A.) is a France-based group of companies established in 1929 with the creation of Dassault Aviation by Marcel Dassault, and led by son Serge Dassault with cofounder of Dassault Systèmes Charles Edelstenne, and currently Dassault Aviation Chairman and CEO is Éric Trappier.
The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault Rafale (literally meaning "gust of wind", and "burst of fire" in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
David Mandessi Diop (July 9, 1927 – August 29, 1960) was one of the most promising French West African poets known for his contribution to the Négritude literary movement.
The Democratic Movement (Mouvement démocrate; MoDem) is a centrist political party in France that is characterised by a strong pro-European stance.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Dessert wines, sometimes called pudding wines, are sweet wines typically served with dessert.
Divico was a Gallic king and the leader of the Helvetian tribe of the Tigurini.
Dog breeds are dogs that have relatively uniform physical characteristics developed under controlled conditions by humans, with breeding animals selected for phenotypic traits such as size, coat color, structure, and behavior.
Dog fighting is a type of blood sport generally defined as two or more game dogs against one another in a ring or a pit for the entertainment of the spectators or the gratification of the dogfighters, who are sometimes referred to as dogmen.
The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French Mastiff breed—and one of the most ancient French dog breeds.
The Duchy of Aquitaine (Ducat d'Aquitània,, Duché d'Aquitaine) was a historical fiefdom in western, central and southern areas of present-day France to the south of the Loire River, although its extent, as well as its name, fluctuated greatly over the centuries, at times comprising much of what is now southwestern France (Gascony) and central France.
The Duchy of Gascony or Duchy of Vasconia (Baskoniako dukerria; ducat de Gasconha; duché de Gascogne, duché de Vasconie) was a duchy in present southwestern France and northeastern Spain, part corresponding to the modern region of Gascony after 824.
E-Artsup is a French private university created in 2001 and specialized in digital creativity and multimedia.
Edmond de Caillou or Raymond de Caillou, (also spelt Calhou, Calhau, Cailow etc.)(d. 1316) was a Gascon soldier who fought during the First War of Scottish Independence.
Edward of Woodstock, known as the Black Prince (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), was the eldest son of Edward III, King of England, and Philippa of Hainault and participated in the early years of the Hundred Years War.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (Aliénor d'Aquitaine, Éléonore,; 1124 – 1 April 1204) was queen consort of France (1137–1152) and England (1154–1189) and duchess of Aquitaine in her own right (1137–1204).
The Encyclopédistes were members of the Société des gens de lettres, a French writer's society, who contributed to the development of the Encyclopédie from June 1751 to December 1765 under editors Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert.
Enotourism, oenotourism, wine tourism, or vinitourism refers to tourism whose purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption or purchase of wine, often at or near the source.
The Paris Graduate School of Digital Innovation (École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, or Epitech), formerly European Institute of Information Technology in English is a private institution of higher education in general computer science that was founded in 1999 and has been accredited by the French government.
The École privée des sciences informatiques (EPSI) is a French private school specialized in information technology.
An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".
The Ecole Spéciale de Mécanique et d'Electricité (English traduction: Special School of Mechanics and Electricity), called ESME Sudria, is a French private institution of higher education and research (Grande École d'Ingénieurs) located in France (Paris, Bordeaux, Lyon & Lille).
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
Eugène Goossens (28 January 1867 – 31 July 1958) was a French born conductor and violinist.
Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux (commonly referred to as Girondins de Bordeaux or simply Bordeaux) is a French professional football club based in the city of Bordeaux.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
First Growth (Premier Cru) status is a classification of wines primarily from the Bordeaux region of France.
The fleur-de-lis/fleur-de-lys (plural: fleurs-de-lis/fleurs-de-lys) or flower-de-luce is a stylized lily (in French, fleur means "flower", and lis means "lily") that is used as a decorative design or motif, and many of the Catholic saints of France, particularly St. Joseph, are depicted with a lily.
Florent Lucien Serra (born 28 February 1981) is a French retired professional tennis player.
Floyd Ama Nino Ayité (born 15 December 1988) is a professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Premier League club Fulham and the Togo national team.
Association football is the most popular sport in France, followed by rugby union.
François Bayrou (born 25 May 1951) is a French centrist politician and the president of the Democratic Movement (MoDem), who was a candidate in the 2002, 2007 and 2012 French presidential elections.
François Bigot (born Bordeaux, 30 January 1703; died Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 12 January 1778) was a French government official.
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 2012 to 2017.
François Magendie (6 October 1783 – 7 October 1855) was a French physiologist, considered a pioneer of experimental physiology.
François Charles Mauriac (11 October 1885 – 1 September 1970) was a French novelist, dramatist, critic, poet, and journalist, a member of the Académie française (from 1933), and laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1952).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire.
Frans Hals the Elder (– 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age painter, normally of portraits, who lived and worked in Haarlem.
Frédéric "Freddie" Daquin (born 23 September 1978) is a French association football player.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
The French National School for the Judiciary (French: École nationale de la magistrature or ENM) is a French post-graduate school, where French judges and public prosecutors are trained.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
French wine is produced all throughout France, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 7–8 billion bottles.
The Fronde was a series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635.
is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture, situated on the northern shore of Japanese island Kyushu.
Gallia Aquitania, also known as Aquitaine or Aquitaine Gaul, was a province of the Roman Empire.
Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux.
The Garonne (Garonne,; in Occitan, Catalan, and Spanish: Garona; Garumna or Garunna) is a river in southwest France and northern Spain, with a length of.
Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Gérald Jean Caussé (born 20 May 1963) has been the Presiding Bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) since 9 October 2015.
Gérard Bayo (born 20 July 1936, Bordeaux) is a French poet and writer.
Georges-Antoine-Pons Rayet (12 December 1839 – 14 June 1906) was a French astronomer.
Georges-Pierre Seurat (2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman.
Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann (27 March 180911 January 1891), was a prefect of the Seine Department of France chosen by Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive urban renewal program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris that is commonly referred to as Haussmann's renovation of Paris.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
Gironde (in Occitan Gironda) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwest France.
The Gironde is a navigable estuary (often falsely referred to as a river), in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux.
The Girondins, Girondists or Gironde were members of a loosely knit political faction during the French Revolution.
Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux, is a theatre in Bordeaux, France, first inaugurated on 17 April 1780.
Grégory Bourdy (born 25 April 1982) is a French professional golfer who competes on the European Tour.
Ground-level power supply, also known as surface current collection and Alimentation par le Sol (APS, which literally means feeding via the ground), is a modern method of third-rail electrical pick-up for street trams instead of more common overhead lines, thus it is one of the methods that could allow construction of catenary-free light rail system.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 183227 December 1923) was a French civil engineer.
Henri Émile Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.
Hoshū jugyō kō (補習授業校), or hoshūkō (補習校) are supplementary Japanese schools located in foreign countries.
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.
Hunald I, also spelled Hunold, Hunoald, Hunuald or Chunoald (died 756), was the Duke of Aquitaine from 735 until 745.
The INSEEC Business School (L'Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales) is a French Business School, with campuses in Paris, Bordeaux, Lyon, Chambéry, and London, Monaco, Geneva, Shanghai and San Francisco, with dual degrees affiliated universities across Europe, America and Asia, as well as 340 international study-abroad agreements.
Sciences Po Bordeaux, or Institut d'études politiques (IEP) de Bordeaux, is a French political science grande école located on the university campus of Pessac, 8 km from the centre of Bordeaux.
In Bordeaux, the Cognitique Institute (IdC) is a public education institution, founded by the Bordeaux Segalen University, that includes a cognitive engineering training program, two Masters programs and a PhD program in cognitive science.
The Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action (ISEFAC) is a French private business school created in 2000.
The Institut supérieur européen de gestion group (ISEG group, French for Advanced European Institute of Management) is a group of two business schools, ISEG Marketing & Communication School and ISG Programme Business & Management, the former created in 1980, and the latter formed in 2014 when ISEG Business School and ISEG Finance School, each also founded in 1980, merged.
In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that uses grade separation, and typically one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without interruption from any other crossing traffic stream.
Irun (Irún, Irun) is a town of the Bidasoaldea region in the province of Gipuzkoa in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
The Italians (Italiani) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to the Italian peninsula.
Jacques Chaban-Delmas (7 March 1915 – 10 November 2000) was a French Gaullist politician.
Jacques Ellul (January 6, 1912 – May 19, 1994) was a French philosopher, sociologist, lay theologian, and professor who was a noted Christian anarchist.
The Jardin botanique de Bordeaux (0.5 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located at Place Bardineau, Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France; it is open daily without charge.
The Jardin botanique de la Bastide (4 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located along the right bank of the Garonne along the Allée Jean Giono in Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France; it is open daily without charge.
Jérôme Gnako (born February 17, 1968 in Bordeaux) is a French former football player, who played for several French clubs and twice for France national team.
Jean Alaux, called "le Romain" ("the Roman"), (1785 – 2 March 1864) was a French history painter and Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1846-52.
Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh (23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist whose career spanned five decades.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (November 2, 1699 – December 6, 1779) was an 18th-century French painter.
Jean-François Domergue (born 23 June 1957) is a former French footballer who played defender.
Jean-Jacques Magendie (21 May 1766 in Bordeaux – 26 March 1835 in Paris) was a French Navy officer.
Jean-Jacques Sempé, usually known as Sempé (born 17 August 1932), is a French cartoonist.
Jean-Luc Fournet (25 February 1965, Bordeaux) is a French papyrologist.
Jean-Luc Antoine Pierre Mélenchon (born 19 August 1951) is a French politician serving as a member of the National Assembly of France since 2017.
Jean-Marie Le Pen (born 20 June 1928) is a French politician who has served as Honorary President of the National Front since January 2011 and a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from France since 2004, previously between 1984 and 2003.
Jean-René Cruchet (March 21, 1875 – 1959) was a French pathologist born in Bordeaux.
Jonathan Ayité (born 21 July 1985) is a Togolese football striker who plays for Samsunspor and the Togo national football team.
Joseph Henri Joachim, vicomte Lainé (11 November 1768 – 17 December 1835), was a French lawyer and politician.
Kap Bambino is an electronic musical duo from Bordeaux, France.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
KEDGE Business School is a French business school and grande école.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Langon (Lengon) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) is a large laser-based inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research device being built near Bordeaux, in France by the French nuclear science directorate, CEA.
Léopold Lafleurance (17 April 1865 – 4 August 1953) was a French flutist and professor.
Le Mans is a city in France, on the Sarthe River.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest or LGV L'Océane, is a high-speed railway line between Tours and Bordeaux, in France.
Liberal arts education (from Latin "free" and "art or principled practice") can claim to be the oldest programme of higher education in Western history.
Ligue 1, also called Ligue 1 Conforama for sponsorship reasons with Conforama, is a French professional league for men's association football clubs.
Lili Damita (born Liliane Marie-Madeleine Carré, 10 July 1904 – 21 March 1994) was a French-American actress and singer who appeared in 33 films between 1922 and 1937.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway, is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses, and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the Roman province (after Roman conquest) or the general area in which they lived.
Below is a list of communes in France (Overseas departments included) with a population over 20,000 at the 2013 census.
Before the French Revolution, the municipality of Bordeaux was headed by the jurat (Jurat).
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death in 1774.
Luís Filipe Oliveira (born 27 May 1983), better known by his stage name Lucenzo, is a French-Portuguese singer and record producer.
Lucius Cassius Longinus was a consul of the Roman Republic in 107 BC.
Lupo II (died 778) is the third-attested historical duke of Gascony (dux Vasconum or princeps), appearing in history for the first time in 769.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
The M51 SLBM is a submarine-launched ballistic missile, built by Airbus Defence & Space, and deployed with the French Navy.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Malbec is a purple grape variety used in making red wine.
Marie Brizard et Roger International is a French alcoholic beverage company founded in 1755.
Marie Fel (24 October 1713 – 2 February 1794) was a French opera singer and a daughter of the organist Henri Fel.
Marie-Louise Damien (5 December 1889 – 30 January 1978), better known by the stage name Damia, was a French singer and actress.
Marie-Sabine Roger (born 19 September 1957, Bordeaux) is a French writer.
Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen (born 5 August 1968) is a French politician and lawyer serving as President of the National Rally political party (previously named National Front) since 2011, with a brief interruption in 2017.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
In France, a mayor (maire in French) is chairperson of the municipal council, which organizes the work and deliberates on municipal matters.
Mérignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
McKesson Corporation is an American healthcare company distributing pharmaceuticals and providing health information technology, medical supplies, and care management tools.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century.
Michèle Delaunay (born Clermont-Ferrand, 8 January 1947) is a French politician who, until her appointment as Junior Minister for the Elderly and Dependent Care at the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health by President François Hollande on 16 May 2012, was a member of the National Assembly of France where she represented the 2nd constituency of the Gironde on behalf of the Socialist Party.
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne (28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
The Ministry of the Armed Forces (Ministre des Armées) is the French cabinet member charged with running the French Armed Forces.
The, also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, and formerly the, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
In modern language, a missile is a guided self-propelled system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
* Monument historique is a designation given to some national heritage sites in France.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
The Museum of Aquitaine (French: Musée d'Aquitaine) is a collection of objects and documents from the history of Bordeaux and Aquitaine.
The Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux is the fine arts museum of the city of Bordeaux, France.
The Musée national des douanes is a national museum on the history of French customs located at Place de la Bourse in the city of Bordeaux, France.
Muscadelle is a white wine grape variety.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The French National Rugby League (Ligue Nationale de Rugby), is the national professional rugby union league system of France.
Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa KOGF GCB (born 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.
Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur (1695, Paris – 30 November 1774) was a French economist and statistician.
The Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux, currently also known as the Matmut Atlantique for sponsorship purposes, is a football stadium in Bordeaux, France.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine ("New Aquitaine"; Nòva Aquitània; Akitania Berria; Poitevin-Saintongeais: Novéle-Aguiéne) is the largest administrative region in France, located in the southwest of the country.
Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc (langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language.
An ocean liner is a passenger ship primarily used as a form of transportation across seas or oceans.
An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.
Odilon Redon (born Bertrand-Jean Redon;; April 20, 1840July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist.
Odo the Great (also called Eudes or Eudo) (died 735), was the Duke of Aquitaine by 700.
Olinde Rodrigues Benjamin Olinde Rodrigues (6 October 1795 – 17 December 1851), more commonly known as Olinde Rodrigues, was a French banker, mathematician, and social reformer.
Olivier Mony (born 27 October 1966, Bordeaux) is a French writer and journalist.
Operation Frankton was a commando raid on shipping in the German occupied French port of Bordeaux in southwest France during the Second World War.
Oran (وَهران, Wahrān; Berber language: ⵡⴻⵂⵔⴰⵏ, Wehran) is a major coastal city located in the north-west of Algeria.
Oxbow is a brand of clothing and athletic equipment.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Paolo Caliari, known as Paolo Veronese (1528 – 19 April 1588), was an Italian Renaissance painter, based in Venice, known for large-format history paintings of religion and mythology, such as The Wedding at Cana (1563) and The Feast in the House of Levi (1573).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pascal Convert (born 1957) is a French visual artist.
Pastry is a dough of flour, water and shortening (solid fats, including butter) that may be savoury or sweetened.
Pau is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.
Paulinus of Nola (Paolino di Nola; Paulinus Nolanus,; also Anglicized as Pauline of Nola; – June 22, 431), born Pontius Meropius Anicius Paulinus, was a Roman poet, writer, and senator who attained the ranks of suffect consul and governor of Campania (–1) but—following the assassination of the emperor Gratian and under the influence of his Spanish wife Therasia—abandoned his career, was baptized as a Christian, and (after Therasia's death) became bishop of Nola in Campania.
The Pereire brothers were prominent 19th-century financiers in Paris, France, who were rivals of the Rothschilds.
Périgueux (Peireguers or Periguers) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
Pepin the Short (Pippin der Kurze, Pépin le Bref, c. 714 – 24 September 768) was the King of the Franks from 751 until his death.
Pernod Ricard is a French company that produces distilled beverages.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape, principally used in classic Bordeaux blends.
Blessed Pey Berland (or Peyberland, from Pierre Berland; c. 1380 – January 1458) was the Archbishop of Bordeaux from 1430 until his abdication, during a pivotal time in the history of the city and of Gascony.
Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and the sixth-most populous U.S. city, with a 2017 census-estimated population of 1,580,863.
Philippe Sollers (born Philippe Joyaux 28 November 1936, Bordeaux, France) is a French writer and critic.
Pierre Palmade (born 23 March 1968 in Bordeaux) is a French actor and comedian.
Jacques Pierre Joseph Rode (16 February 177425 November 1830) was a French violinist and composer.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Pierre-Jean Garat (25 April 1764 – 1 March 1823) was a French Basque singer and nephew of Dominique Joseph Garat.
Place de la Bourse is a square in Bordeaux, France and one of the city's most recognisable sights.
The Place des Quinconces, located in Bordeaux, France, is one of the largest city squares in Europe (approximately 31 ac or 12.6 ha).
Plasma (Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek English Lexicon, on Perseus) is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s.
The Pont d'Aquitaine is a large suspension bridge over the Garonne, north-west of the city of Bordeaux, in France.
The Pont de pierre, or "Stone Bridge" in English, is a bridge in Bordeaux, (in the Gironde department of France), which connects the left bank of the Garonne River (cours Victor Hugo) to the right bank quartier de la Bastide (Avenue Thiers).
The Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas is a vertical-lift bridge over the Garonne in Bordeaux, France.
Pope Urban II (Urbanus II; – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
A portico is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
Porto (also known as Oporto in English) is the second-largest city in Portugal after Lisbon and one of the major urban areas of the Iberian Peninsula.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The President of the Republic is a title used for heads of state and/or heads of government in countries having republican form of government.
Quebec City (pronounced or; Québec); Ville de Québec), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is situated north-east of Montreal. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
The Royal Navy (Italian: Regia Marina) was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946.
Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town.
René Clément (18 March 1913 – 17 March 1996) was a French film director and screenwriter.
Research comprises "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture.
Riga (Rīga) is the capital and largest city of Latvia.
Riga City Council (Rīgas Dome) is the government of Riga City, the capital of Latvia.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Road bicycle racing is the cycle sport discipline of road cycling, held on paved roads.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux (–Bazas) (Latin: Archidioecesis Burdigalensis (–Bazensis); French: Archidiocèse de Bordeaux (–Bazas); Occitan: Archidiocèsi de Bordèu (–Vasats)) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
A consul held the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic (509 to 27 BC), and ancient Romans considered the consulship the highest level of the cursus honorum (an ascending sequence of public offices to which politicians aspired).
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
UNESCO designated the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France as a World Heritage Site in December 1998.
The rue Sainte-Catherine, a 1.2 km long pedestrian street, is the main shopping street in Bordeaux, France.
Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Safran Aircraft Engines (previously Snecma) is a French aerospace engine manufacturer headquartered in Courcouronnes, France.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
Samsun is a city on the north coast of Turkey with a population over half a million people.
Samuel Boutal (born 22 November 1969) is a former French football (soccer) striker or offensive midfielder.
Sanofi S.A. is a French multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Gentilly, France, as of 2013 the world's fifth-largest by prescription sales.
A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.
Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France.
Marie-Ségolène Royal, known as Ségolène Royal (born 22 September 1953), is a French politician and prominent member of the Socialist Party.
Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, mostly in France and Australia.
Seguin I Lupo was Duke of Gascony from 812 until 816, when Louis the Pious deposed him "because of his boundless arrogance and wicked ways", according to the contemporary Frankish chroniclers.
Seguin II (died 846), called Mostelanicus, was the Count of Bordeaux and Saintes from 840 and Duke of Gascony from 845.
A seminar is a form of academic instruction, either at an academic institution or offered by a commercial or professional organization.
The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Smurfit Kappa Group plc is Europe's leading corrugated packaging company and one of the leading paper-based packaging companies in the world.
The Société nationale des chemins de fer français (SNCF, "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
Solectron Corporation was a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.
Stade Chaban-Delmas is a sporting stadium located in the city of Bordeaux, France.
Stelia Aerospace (stylised STELIA Aerospace) is a company that designs and manufactures aerostructures, pilot seats and premium class passenger seats for aircraft and airlines.
Stephen Girard (May 20, 1750 – December 26, 1831; born Étienne Girard) was a French-born, naturalized American, philanthropist and banker.
A suburb is a mixed-use or residential area, existing either as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
The Centrists (Les Centristes, LC), formerly known as New Centre (Nouveau Centre, NC) and European Social Liberal Party (Parti Social Libéral Européen, PSLE), is a centre-right political party in France, formed by the members of the Union for French Democracy (UDF) – including 18 of the 29 members of the UDF in the National Assembly) – who did not agree with François Bayrou's decision to found the Democratic Movement (MoDem) and wanted to support the newly elected president Nicolas Sarkozy, continuing the UDF-Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) alliance. The party foundation was announced on 29 May 2007 during a press conference and renamed on 11 December 2016.
The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Tigurini were a clan or tribe forming one out of four pagi (provinces) of the Helvetii.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
The Top 14 is a professional rugby union club competition that is played in France created in 1892.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
Tour Pey Berland, named for its patron Pey Berland, is located in Bordeaux at the Place Pey Berland next to Cathédrale Saint-André.
A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility or area where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice.
Transport express régional (usually shortened to TER) is the brand name used by the SNCF, the French national railway company, to denote rail service run by the regional councils of France, specifically their organised transport authorities.
Transports Bordeaux Métropole (or TBM, formerly Tram et bus de la CUB, or TBC) is a public transport system for the 28 ''communes'' of Bordeaux Métropole.
The Trewartha climate classification is a climate classification system published by American geographer Glenn Thomas Trewartha in 1966, and updated in 1980.
Triangular trade or triangle trade is a historical term indicating trade among three ports or regions.
In France, the Tribunal d'instance (literally "Court of First Instance") is a judicial lower court of record of first instance for general civil suits and includes a criminal division, the Police Court (tribunal de police), which hears cases of misdemeanors or summary offences (contraventions).
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
U-boat is an anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
The UCI Track Cycling World Cup (formerly known as the UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics) is a multi race tournament held over a track cycling season - usually between October and February.
The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
Union Bordeaux Bègles (Union Bordèu Begla) is a French rugby union team playing in the Top 14, the first level of the country's professional league system.
An aire urbaine (literal and official translation: "urban area") is an INSEE (France's national statistics bureau) statistical concept describing a core of urban development and the extent of its commuter activity.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.
Urbanism is the study of how inhabitants of urban areas, such as towns and cities, interact with the built environment.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.
A velodrome is an arena for track cycling.
Versailles is a city in the Yvelines département in Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
A vertical-lift bridge or just lift bridge is a type of movable bridge in which a span rises vertically while remaining parallel with the deck.
Vichy (Vichèi in Occitan) is a city in the Allier department of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France, in the historic province of Bourbonnais.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
Vine pull schemes are programs whereby grape growers receive a financial incentive to pull up their grape vines, a process known as arrachage in French.
Vinexpo is one of the largest exhibitions for wine and spirits professionals from all over the world, held in Bordeaux in uneven years.
A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
Virginie Calmels (born 11 February 1971) is a French businesswoman and politician.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Waiofar, also spelled Waifar, Waifer or Waiffre (died 768), was the last independent Duke of Aquitaine from 745 to 768.
Wilfried Tekovi (born 10 October 1989) is a Togolese international footballer who plays professionally as a defender for French side FC Gueugnon.
General William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, 1st Marquis of Campo Maior, (2 October 1768 – 8 January 1854) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
The wine lake refers to the continuing supply surplus of wine produced in the European Union.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Germaine Yvonne Arnaud (20 December 1890 – 20 September 1958) was a French-born pianist, singer and actress, who was well known for her career in Britain, as well as her native land.
Zahlé (زحلة) is the capital and the largest city of Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon.
The 12th U-boat Flotilla (German 12. Unterseebootsflottille) was a German U-boat flotilla formed on 15 October 1942 at Bordeaux under the command of Korvettenkapitän Klaus Scholtz.
The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938.
The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.
The 2007 Rugby World Cup was the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union competition inaugurated in 1987.