366 relations: A10 autoroute (France), A62 autoroute, A63 autoroute, A89 autoroute, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Agen, Airbus A380, Airbus Group, Alain Juppé, Albert Pitres, Allobroges, Alstom, Amphitheatre, Amsterdam, Ancient Rome, Ange-Jacques Gabriel, Anthony van Dyck, Antwerp, Appellation, Apse, Aquitaine, Arcachon, Arena (swimwear), Ariane 5, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Ashdod, Association football, Atlantic Ocean, Ausonius, École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux, École nationale supérieure de chimie et de physique de Bordeaux, École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, Édouard Molinaro, Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty, Baku, Basilica of St. Michael, Bordeaux, Battle of Bordeaux (1938 FIFA World Cup), Battle of Burdigala, Battle of Castillon, Battle of Roncevaux Pass, Battle of the Atlantic, Battle of the River 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The A10, also called L'Aquitaine, is an Autoroute in France, running for 549 km (341 mi) from the A6 south of Paris to the A630 at Bordeaux.
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The A62 autoroute is a French motorway forming part of the Autoroute de Deux Mers.
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The A63 autoroute is a motorway in southwest France, connecting Bordeaux (from Junction 15 of the Rocade) to the border with Spain.
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The A89 autoroute is a motorway in central France.
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Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi (died 732; عبد الرحمن الغافقي), also known as Abd er Rahman, Abdderrahman, Abderame, and Abd el-Rahman, unsuccessfully led the Andalusian Muslims into battle against the forces of Charles Martel in the Battle of Tours on October 10, 732 AD.
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The commune of Agen is the capital of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
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The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by the European aircraft company Airbus.
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Airbus Group SE is a European multinational aerospace and defence corporation.
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Alain Marie Juppé (born 15 August 1945) is a French politician.
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Albert Pitres (26 August 1848 – 25 March 1928) was a French neurological physician.
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The Allobroges (Άλλόβριγες, Άλλόβρυγες, Άλλόβρoγες) were a Gallic tribe of ancient Gaul, located between the Rhône River and the Lake of Geneva in what later became Savoy, Dauphiné, and Vivarais.
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Alstom is a French multinational company which holds interests in the electricity generation and rail transport markets.
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An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.
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Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Ancient Rome was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC.
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Ange-Jacques Gabriel (23 October 1698 – 4 January 1782) was the most prominent French architect of his generation.
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Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders.
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Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium which is the capital of Antwerp province.
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An appellation is a legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown; other types of food often have appellations as well.
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In architecture, the apse (from Latin absis: "arch, vault" from Greek ἀψίς apsis "arch"; sometimes written apsis; plural apsides) is a semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault or semi-dome, also known as an Exedra.
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Aquitaine (Aquitània; Akitania; Aquitania), archaic Guyenne/Guienne (Occitan: Guiana), is one of the 27 Regions of France, in the south-western part of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain.
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Arcachon (Arcaishon in Gascon) is a commune in the Gironde department in southwestern France.
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Arena is a brand of competitive swimwear created in 1973 at Adidas AG Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany, by its former president Horst Dassler.
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Ariane 5 is a European heavy lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
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Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches GCC, OL (July 19, 1885 - April 3, 1954) was a Portuguese consul whose actions during World War II saved the lives of thousands of Jewish refugees.
Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was a soldier and statesman, and one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain.
Arts et Métiers ParisTech is a French engineering and research graduate school (Grande Ecole), in the equivalent of the French ivy league.
Ashdod (אַשְׁדּוֹד; اشدود, إسدود Isdud) is the fifth-largest city in Israel, located in the Southern District of the country, on the Mediterranean coast where it is situated between Tel Aviv to the north (away) and Ashkelon to the south (away).
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Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
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The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceanic divisions, following the Pacific Ocean.
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Decimius Magnus Ausonius (– c. 395) was a Roman poet and teacher of rhetoric from Burdigala in Aquitaine, modern Bordeaux, France.
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École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux
The École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA) is a prestigious French engineering school located in Bordeaux specialized in Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Computer Science, Telecommunications, Mechanical Engineering and Mathematics.
The École Nationale Supérieure de Chimie et de Physique de Bordeaux or ENSCPB (or "CPB" in common parlance) - which can be translated as Graduate School of Chemistry and Physics of Bordeaux - is one of the French "grandes écoles ", whose main purpose is to form chemical and physical engineers (with a level "bac+5").
The École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies (EPITECH) also called European Institute of Technology is a private institution of higher education in general computer science that was created in 1999 and has been recognized by the French state The school is located at Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, Bordeaux, Rennes, Marseille, Lille, Lyon, Montpellier, Nancy, Nantes, Nice, Strasbourg and Toulouse In September 2013, the university will open a new campus in Beijing and in 2014 three others in California, United Kingdom and Spain.
Édouard Molinaro (13 May 1928 – 7 December 2013) was a French film director and screenwriter.
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Count Étienne-Marie-Antoine Champion de Nansouty (30 May 1768 – 12 February 1815) was a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region.
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The Basilica of St.
The Battle of Bordeaux is an informal name for the World Cup football match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia on June 12, 1938 in the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux, France, one of the quarter-finals of the 1938 World Cup finals.
The Battle of Burdigala was a battle of the Cimbrian War that occurred in the year 107 BC.
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The Battle of Castillon was fought on 17 July 1453 in Gascony near the town of Castillon-sur-Dordogne (later Castillon-la-Bataille).
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The Battle of Roncevaux Pass (French and English spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish, Orreaga in Basque) was a battle in 778 in which Roland, prefect of the Breton March and commander of the rear guard of Charlemagne's army, was defeated by the Basques.
The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
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The Battle of the River Garonne, also known as the Battle of Bordeaux,Matthew Bennett The Hutchinson Dictionary of Ancient & Medieval Warfare 1579581161 1998 p319 "In 732 a large army (70,000-80,000) led by Abd ar-Rahman defeated the Aquitainians under Duke Eudo at the Battle of Bordeaux" was fought in 732 between an Umayyad army led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, governor of Al-Andalus, and Aquitanian forces led by Duke Odo of Aquitaine.
The Battle of Tours (October 732), also called the Battle of Poitiers and in معركة بلاط الشهداء (ma'arakat Balâṭ ash-Shuhadâ – Battle of the Palace of Martyrs) was fought in an area between the cities of Poitiers and Tours, in north-central France, near the village of Moussais-la-Bataille, about northeast of Poitiers.
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Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune in southwestern France at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
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BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
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A bell (old Saxon: bellan, to bawl or bellow) is a simple sound-making device.
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A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells, even if it has none.
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BEM may refer to.
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BEM - Bordeaux Management School (Now KEDGE BUSINESS SCHOOL) is the legal name of a French Grande École founded in 1874, managed and financed by the Bordeaux Chamber of Commerce.
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Bertrand Andrieu (24 November 1761 – 6 December 1822) was a French engraver of medals.
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BETASOM (an Italian language acronym of Bordeaux Sommergibile) was a submarine base established at Bordeaux by the Italian Regia Marina Italiana during World War II.
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A bicycle-sharing system, public bicycle system, or bike-share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a very short term basis.
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Cycle lanes (UK) or bike lanes (USA) are types of bikeways with lanes on the roadway for cyclists only.
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Bilbao (Bilbo) is a municipality and city in Spain, the capital of the province of Biscay in the autonomous community of the Basque Country.
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The Bituriges Vivisci was one of the tribes of Gaul.
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Bonapartism is a political ideology of, and later inspired by, Napoleon Bonaparte.
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A booster rocket (or engine) is either the first stage of a multistage launch vehicle, or else a shorter-burning rocket used in parallel with longer-burning sustainer rockets to augment the space vehicle's takeoff thrust and payload capability.
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Bordeaux Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, seat of the Archbishop of Bordeaux-Bazas, located in Bordeaux.
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Bordeaux Harbour is a fishing port and bay in the parish of Vale in the north east of Guernsey.
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The Bordeaux tramway network (Tramway de Bordeaux) consists of three lines serving the city of Bordeaux in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
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The A line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by the Tram et Bus de la CUB, and connects Lormont and Floirac to Mérignac.
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The B line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by the Tram et Bus de la CUB, and connects Station Pessac Centre in Pessac to Claveau in north Bordeaux.
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The C line of the Bordeaux tramway is operated by the Tram et Bus de la CUB, and connects Les Aubiers to Terres Neuves.
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A Bordeaux wine is any wine produced in the Bordeaux region of France, centred on the city of Bordeaux and covering the whole area of the Gironde department, with a total vineyard area of over 120,000 hectares, making it the largest wine growing area in France.
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The Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855 resulted from the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, when Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for France's best Bordeaux wines that were to be on display for visitors from around the world.
The wine regions of Bordeaux are a large number of wine growing areas, differing widely in size and sometimes overlapping, which lie within the overarching wine region of Bordeaux, centred on the city of Bordeaux and covering the whole area of the Gironde department of Aquitaine.
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Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport (Aéroport de Bordeaux-Mérignac) is the international airport of Bordeaux, the ninth largest city in France.
The Bordeaux–Paris professional cycle race was one of Europe's Classic cycle races, and one of the longest in the professional calendar, covering approximately - more than twice most single-day races.
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The Brazil national football team (Seleção Brasileira de Futebol) represents Brazil in international men's association football. Brazil is administered by the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF), the governing body for football in Brazil. They have been a member of the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) since 1923 and member of the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL) since 1916. Brazil is the most successful national football team in the FIFA World Cup with five championships: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Brazil also has the best overall performance in World Cup history in both proportional and absolute terms with a record of 70 victories in 104 matches played, 119 goal difference, 227 points and only 17 losses. Brazil is the only national team to have played in all FIFA World Cup editions without any absence nor need for playoffs. The seleção is also the most successful national team in the FIFA Confederations Cup with four titles: 1997, 2005, 2009 and 2013, being the holder of the last title of the tournament. Brazil have won a total of 62 official international titles to professional and grassroots level selections, what constitutes an unparalleled world record. Brazil has the all-time highest average Football Elo Ranking in the world with 2013.3, and the third all-time highest Football Elo Ranking in the world, with 2153 in 1962, only behind the Hungary's Golden Team of 1954 and Germany national team of 2014. Many distinguished commentators consider the Brazil team of 1970 to be the greatest association football team ever, although some argue the case for other teams, such as the Brazil team of 1958 or 1962, with honorary mentions being held for the gifted 1982 side. Following the conclusion of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, the national team is ranked number 3 in the World Football Elo Ratings and 6 in the FIFA World Ranking. Brazil is the only national team to have won the world cup on four different continents: once in Europe (1958 Sweden), once in South America (1962 Chile), twice in North America (1970 Mexico and 1994 United States) and once in Asia (2002 Korea/Japan). They also share with Spain a record of 35 consecutive official matches undefeated.
Bristol is a city, unitary authority and county in South West England with an estimated population of 442,500 in 2015.
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Bruno Marie-Rose (born 20 May 1965, in Bordeaux) is a retired sprinter from France.
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A bus lane or bus only lane is a lane restricted to buses, often on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.
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The Urban Community of Bordeaux Public Transport System (TBC) (Keolis) manages 65 regular bus and tram lines in Bordeaux and Bordeaux's suburbs.
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Cabernet Franc is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide.
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Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties.
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A canelé is a small French pastry with a soft and tender custard center and a dark, thick caramelized crust.
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CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux, formerly the Centre d'arts plastiques contemporains (CAPC), is a museum of modern art established in 1973 in Bordeaux, France.
The Caribbean (or; Caribe; Caraïben; Caribbean Hindustani: कैरिबियन (Kairibiyana); Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.
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The Carménère grape is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France, where it was used to produce deep red wines and occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot.
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The Carolingian dynasty (known variously as the Carlovingians, Carolingus, Carolings or Karlings) was a Frankish noble family with origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century AD.
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Casablanca (in Arabic:, Addaar Albayḍaa; in Anfa, ⴰⵏⴼⴰ; local informal name: Kaẓa) is the largest city of Morocco, located in the northwestern part of the country on the Atlantic Ocean.
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Charles VII (22 February 1403 – 22 July 1461), called the Victorious (le Victorieux)Charles VII, King of France, Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War, ed.
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Château d'Yquem is a Premier Cru Supérieur (Fr: "Superior First Growth") wine from the Sauternes, Gironde region in the southern part of the Bordeaux vineyards known as Graves.
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Château Haut-Brion is a French wine, rated a Premier Cru Classé (First Growth), produced in Pessac just outside the city of Bordeaux.
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Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century.
Château Latour is a French wine estate, rated as a First Growth under the 1855 Bordeaux Classification, owned by Groupe Artemis.
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Château Margaux, archaically La Mothe de Margaux, is a wine estate of Bordeaux wine, and was one of four wines to achieve ''Premier cru'' (first growth) status in the Bordeaux Classification of 1855.
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Château Mouton Rothschild is a wine estate located in the village of Pauillac in the Médoc, 50 km (30 mi) north-west of the city of Bordeaux, France.
Christine Barbe is a French winemaker.
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Église Sainte-Croix. The Église Sainte-Croix ("Church of the Holy Cross") is a Roman Catholic abbey church in Bordeaux, southern France.
Claude Lorrain (born Claude Gellée, dit le Lorrain; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman and engraver of the Baroque era.
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A cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft.
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Cologne (German Köln, Kölle), Germany's fourth-largest city (after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich), is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than ten million inhabitants.
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Combined Operations Headquarters was a department of the British War Office set up during Second World War to harass the Germans on the European continent by means of raids carried out by use of combined naval and army forces.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
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The following is a list of the 542 communes of the Gironde department of France.
The Count of Bordeaux or comes Burdagalensis was the ruler of the city of Bordeaux and its environs in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods.
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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players each on a field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch.
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The Czechoslovakia national football team (Československá fotbalová reprezentace, Česko-slovenské národné futbalové mužstvo) was the national association football team of Czechoslovakia from 1920 to 1992.
Danielle Yvonne Marie Antoinette Darrieux (born 1 May 1917) is a French actress and singer, who has appeared in more than 110 films since 1931.
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Dassault Aviation is an international French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional, and business jets, a subsidiary of Dassault Group.
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Dassault Group (GIMD, Groupe Dassault, or the Groupe Industriel Marcel Dassault S.A.) is a France-based group of companies led by Serge Dassault.
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The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a French multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation.
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The Dassault Rafale (meaning burst of fire in a military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
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David Mandessi Diop (July 9, 1927 – 1960) was one of the most promising French West African poets known for his contribution to the Négritude literary movement.
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In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the 27 administrative regions and the commune.
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Dessert wines, sometimes called pudding wines, are sweet wines typically served with dessert.
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Divico was a Gallic king and the leader of the Helvetian tribe of the Tigurini.
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Dog breeds are groups of closely related and visibly similar domestic dogs, having characteristic traits that are selected and maintained by humans, bred from a known foundation stock.
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Dog fighting is a type of blood sport, generally defined as opposing two game dogs against one another in a ring or a pit for the entertainment of the spectators or the gratification of the dogfighters, who are sometimes referred to as dogmen.
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The Dogue de Bordeaux, Bordeaux Mastiff, French Mastiff or Bordeauxdog is a large French Mastiff breed—and one of the most ancient French dog breeds.
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The Duchy of Gascony (also Vasconia; duché de Gascogne, duché de Vasconie; Baskoniako dukerria) was a duchy in present southwestern France, roughly corresponding to the modern region of Gascony after 824.
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E-Artsup is a French private university created in 2001 and specialized in digital creativity and multimedia.
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Edmond Dédé (November 20, 1827, New Orleans, Louisiana – 1903, Paris, France) was a free-born Creole musician and composer.
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Edmond de Caillou or Raymond de Caillou, (also spelt Calhou, Calhau, Cailow etc.)(d. 1316) was a Gascon soldier who fought during the First War of Scottish Independence.
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Edward of Woodstock KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), called the Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, and the father of King Richard II of England.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (Aliénor/Éléonore; 1122 or 1124 – 1 April 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in western Europe during the High Middle Ages and a member of the Ramnulfid dynasty of rulers in southwestern France.
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Enotourism, Oenotourism, Wine tourism, or Vinitourism refers to tourism whose purpose is or includes the tasting, consumption or purchase of wine, often at or near the source.
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The École privée des sciences informatiques (EPSI) is a French private school specialized in information technology.
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An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin "eques", meaning "knight", deriving from "equus", meaning "horse".
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Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
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Eugène Goossens (28 January 1867 – 31 July 1958) was a French born conductor and violinist.
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Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux (commonly referred to as Girondins de Bordeaux or simply Bordeaux) is a French professional football club based in the city of Bordeaux.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
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First Growth (Premier Cru) status is a classification of wines primarily from the Bordeaux region of France.
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The fleur-de-lis or fleur-de-lys (plural: fleurs-de-lis) is a stylized lily (in French, fleur means "flower", and lis means "lily") or iris that is used as a decorative design or symbol.
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Florent Lucien Serra (born 28 February 1981) is a French tennis player.
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Floyd Ayité (born 15 December 1988 in Bordeaux) is a French-Togolese offensive midfielder currently playing in France for SC Bastia and a Togo international.
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Football is the most popular sport in France.
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François Bigot (born Bordeaux, 30 January 1703; died Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 12 January 1778) was a French government official.
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François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician.
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François Charles Mauriac (11 October 1885 – 1 September 1970) was a French author, member of the Académie française (from 1933), and laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1952).
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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
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Francia or Frankia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), Frankish Kingdom, Frankish Empire, Frankish Realm or occasionally Frankland, was the territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks, a confederation of Germanic tribes, during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.
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Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns.
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The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
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The Franks (Franci or gens Francorum) are historically first known as a group of Germanic tribes that roamed the land between the Lower and Middle Rhine in the 3rd century AD, and second as the people of Gaul who merged with the Gallo-Roman populations during succeeding centuries, passing on their name to modern-day France and becoming part of the heritage of the modern day French people.
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Frans Hals the Elder (c. 1582 – 26 August 1666) was a Dutch Golden Age portrait painter who lived and worked in Haarlem.
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Frédéric "Freddie" Daquin (born 23 September 1978) is a French association football player.
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The French National School for the Judiciary (French: École nationale de la magistrature or ENM) is a French post-graduate school, where French judges and public prosecutors are trained.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire.
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French wine is produced all throughout France, in quantities between 50 and 60 million hectolitres per year, or 7–8 billion bottles.
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The Fronde was a series of civil wars in France between 1648 and 1653, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635.
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is the capital city of Fukuoka Prefecture and is situated on the northern shore of the island of Kyushu in Japan.
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Gallia Aquitania, also known as Aquitaine or Aquitaine Gaul, was a province of the Roman Empire.
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Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux.
The Garonne (Garonne,; in Occitan, Catalan, Portuguese and Spanish: Garona; Garumna or Garunna) is a river in southwest France and northern Spain, with a length of.
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Gascon is a dialect of Occitan.
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The Gauls were Celtic peoples inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century AD).
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Georges-Antoine-Pons Rayet (December 12, 1839 – June 14, 1906) was a French astronomer.
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Georges-Pierre Seurat (2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French Post-Impressionist painter and draftsman.
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Georges-Eugène Haussmann, commonly known as Baron Haussmann (27 March 1809 – 11 January 1891), was the Prefect of the Seine Department in France, who was chosen by the Emperor Napoleon III to carry out a massive program of new boulevards, parks and public works in Paris, commonly called Haussmann's renovation of Paris.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history, and speak the German language as their native language.
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Gironde (in Occitan Gironda) is a common name for the Gironde estuary, where the mouths of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers merge, and for a department in the Aquitaine region situated in southwest France.
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The Gironde is a navigable estuary (often falsely referred to as a river), in southwest France and is formed from the meeting of the rivers Dordogne and Garonne just downstream of the centre of Bordeaux.
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Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux, is a theatre in Bordeaux, France, first inaugurated on 17 April 1780.
Grégory Bourdy (born 25 April 1982) is a French professional golfer who competes on the European Tour.
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Ground-level power supply, also known as surface current collection and Alimentation par le Sol (APS, which literally means feeding via the ground), is a modern method of third-rail electrical pick-up for street trams.
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen;;; 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923) was a French civil engineer and architect.
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Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship.
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Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England (1154–89) and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
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Hoshū jugyō kō (補習授業校), or hoshūkō (補習校) are supplementary Japanese schools located in foreign countries.
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The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
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INSEEC Business School or Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales is a french business school located in Bordeaux, Paris and Chambery.
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Sciences Po Bordeaux, or Institut d'études politiques (IEP) de Bordeaux, is a French political science grande école situated on the university campus of Pessac, 8 km from the centre of Bordeaux and is attached to the Montesquieu University - Bordeaux IV.
In Bordeaux, the Cognitique Institute (IdC) is a public education institution, founded by the Bordeaux Segalen University, that includes a cognitive engineering training program, two Masters programs and a PhD program in cognitive science.
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The Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE), pronounced is in France the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies.
The Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action (ISEFAC) is a French private business school created in 2000.
The Institut supérieur européen de gestion group (ISEG group, French for Advanced European Institute of Management) is a group of three business schools, ISEG business school, ISEG Marketing & Communication School and ISEG Finance School, created in 1980.
In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that typically uses grade separation, and one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without directly crossing any other traffic stream.
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An international airport is an airport that offers customs and immigration facilities for passengers travelling between countries.
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Irun (old Basque for "fortified town"; Irún) is a town of the Bidasoaldea region in the province of Gipuzkoa in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
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Jacques Chaban-Delmas (7 March 1915 – 10 November 2000) was a French Gaullist politician.
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Jacques Ellul (January 6, 1912 – May 19, 1994) was a French philosopher, law professor, sociologist, lay theologian, and Christian anarchist.
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The Jardin botanique de Bordeaux (0.5 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located at Place Bardineau, Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France; it is open daily without charge.
The Jardin botanique de la Bastide (4 hectares) is a municipal botanical garden located along the right bank of the Garonne along the Allée Jean Giono in Bordeaux, Gironde, Aquitaine, France; it is open daily without charge.
Jérôme Gnako (born February 17, 1968 in Bordeaux) is a French former football player, who played for several French clubs and twice for France national team.
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Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Anouilh (23 June 1910 – 3 October 1987) was a French dramatist whose career spanned five decades.
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Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (2 November 1699 – 6 December 1779) was an 18th-century French painter.
Jean-Jacques Sempé, usually known as Sempé (born 17 August 1932), is a French cartoonist.
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Jean-René Cruchet (March 21, 1875 – 1959) was a French pathologist born in Bordeaux.
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Jonathan Ayité (born 21 July 1985 in Bordeaux) is a French-born Togolese football striker who plays for Alanyaspor.
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Kap Bambino is an electronic musical duo from Bordeaux, France.
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Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
KEDGE Business School is a French business school and grande école.
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The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium and the Czech Republic.
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Kraków also Cracow, or Krakow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
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A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
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Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) is a large laser-based inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research device being built near Bordeaux, in France by the French nuclear science directorate, CEA.
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Le Mans is a city in France, located on the Sarthe River.
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Lead is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from plumbum) and atomic number 82.
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The liberal arts (Latin: artes liberales) are those subjects or skills that in classical antiquity were considered essential for a free person (Latin: liberal, "worthy of a free person") to know in order to take an active part in civic life, something that (for Ancient Greece) included participating in public debate, defending oneself in court, serving on juries, and most importantly, military service.
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Ligue 1 (League 1, formerly known as Division 1), is the French professional league for association football clubs.
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Lili Damita (10 July 1904 – 21 March 1994) was a French-American actress and singer who appeared in 33 films between 1922 and 1937.
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Lille (Rijsel) is a city in the North of France.
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Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
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A limited-access road, known by various terms worldwide, including limited-access highway, dual-carriageway, expressway, and partial controlled access highway is a highway or arterial road for high-speed traffic which has many or most characteristics of a controlled-access highway (freeway or motorway), including limited or no access to adjacent property, some degree of separation of opposing traffic flow, use of grade separated interchanges to some extent, prohibition of some modes of transport such as bicycles or horses and very few or no intersecting cross-streets.
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Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and the administrative capital of the Limousin région in west-central France.
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This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the province or the general area in which they lived.
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This is a list of communes in France (Overseas departments included) with a population over 20,000 at the 2010 census.
Before the French Revolution, the municipality of Bordeaux was headed by the jurat (Jurat).
The following are lists of World Heritage Sites in Europe.
Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States, the most populous city in the U.S. state of California, and the county seat of Los Angeles County.
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Louis XIV (5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death.
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Louis XV (15 February 1710 – 10 May 1774), known as Louis the Beloved (Louis le bien aimé), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1 September 1715 until his death.
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Luís Filipe Oliveira (born 27 May 1983), better known by his stage name Lucenzo, is a French singer-songwriter and producer of Portuguese descent.
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Lucius Cassius Longinus was a consul of the Roman Republic in 107 BC.
Lupo II (died 778) is the third-attested historical duke of Gascony (dux Vasconum or princeps), appearing in history for the first time in 769.
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Lyon or Lyons (or;, locally:; Liyon) is a city in east-central France, in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille.
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The M51 SLBM is a submarine-launched ballistic missile, built by Airbus Defence & Space, and deployed with the French Navy.
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Madrid is a south-western European city and the capital and largest municipality of Spain.
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Malbec is a purple grape variety used in making red wine.
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Marie Brizard et Roger International is a French alcoholic beverage company founded in 1755.
Marie Fel (24 October 1713 – 2 February 1794) was a French opera singer and a daughter of the organist Henri Fel.
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Marie-Louise Damien (December 5, 1889 – January 31, 1978), better known by the stage name Damia, was a French singer and actress.
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Marseille (locally:; Marselha), also known as Marseilles in English, is a city in France.
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In France, a mayor (maire in French) is chairperson of the municipal council, which organizes the work and deliberates on municipal matters.
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Mérignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
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McKesson Corporation is an American company distributing pharmaceuticals at a retailsale level and providing health information technology, medical supplies, and care management tools.
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The term Mediterranean climate is one typical of the Mediterranean Basin and is a particular variety of subtropical climate.
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Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
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The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century AD.
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Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (28 February 1533 – 13 September 1592) was one of the most significant philosophers of the French Renaissance, known for popularizing the essay as a literary genre.
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A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
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The Minister of Defence (Ministre de la Défense) is the French cabinet member charged with running the military of France.
The, also known as MEXT, Monka-shō or Monbushō, is one of the ministries of the Japanese government.
In modern usage, a missile is a self-propelled precision-guided munition system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided).
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The term monument historique is a designation given to some national heritage sites in France.
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Munich (also in UK English; München,, Minga) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
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The Museum of Aquitaine (French: Musée d'Aquitaine) is a collection of objects and documents from the history of Bordeaux and Aquitane.
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The Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux is the fine arts museum of the city of Bordeaux, France.
Muscadelle is a white wine grape variety.
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Nancy (German: Nanzig) is a city in the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
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Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt) is a city in West France, located on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire.
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The French National Rugby League (Ligue Nationale de Rugby) (not to be confused with the French Rugby League Federation, governing body for the sport Rugby League), is the national professional rugby union league system of France.
Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur (1695, Paris – 30 November 1774) was a French economist and statistician.
The Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux, currently also known as the Matmut Atlantique for sponsorship purposes, is a football stadium in Bordeaux, France.
An ocean liner is a ship designed to transport people from one seaport to another along regular long-distance maritime routes according to a schedule.
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An oceanic climate (also known as marine, west coast and maritime) is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm (but not hot) summers and cool (but not cold) winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range.
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Odilon Redon (born Bertrand-Jean Redon;; April 20, 1840July 6, 1916) was a French symbolist painter, printmaker, draughtsman and pastellist.
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Odo the Great (also called Eudes or Eudo) (died c. 735), was the Duke of Aquitaine by 700.
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Operation Frankton was a commando raid on shipping in the German occupied French port of Bordeaux in the Bay of Biscay during the Second World War.
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Oran (وهران, Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴻⵀⵔⴰⵏ) is a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country.
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Oxbow is a brand of clothing and athletic equipment.
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Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973), was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
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Paolo Caliari, known as Paolo Veronese (1528 – 19 April 1588) was an Italian Renaissance painter based in Venice, most famous for large history paintings of both religious and mythological subjects, such as The Wedding at Cana and The Feast in the House of Levi.
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Pascal Convert (born 1957) is a French visual artist.
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Pastry is a major type of bakers' confectionery.
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Pau) is a commune on the northern edge of the Pyrenees, and capital of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques Département in the region of Aquitaine, France. The city is located in the heart of the former sovereign State of Béarn, of which it was the capital from 1464. Bordered by the Gave de Pau, the city is located from the Atlantic Ocean and from Spain. This position gives it an exceptional panorama across the mountain range of the Pyrenees as well as on the hillsides of Jurançon. The name of Horizons Palois aims to protect this vision, in particular with the famous Boulevard des Pyrénées which extends for from the Château de Pau to the Parc Beaumont. Alphonse de Lamartine said: "Pau has the world's most beautiful view of the earth just as Naples has the most beautiful view of the sea." Archaeology has asserted that the site has been occupied at least since the Gallo-Roman era. Nevertheless, it wasn't until the first half of the 12th century that the first mentions of Pau as a settlement are found. The town originated from the construction of its castle, likely from the 11th century by the Viscounts of Béarn, to protect the ford which was a strategic point for access to the Bearn valleys and then to Spain. The city thus took its name from the stockade (pau in Bearnese) which set the boundaries of the primitive castle. The village which was built around the castle took advantage of its strategic position as well as the protection of the Viscounts of Béarn to widely develop over the following centuries. Pau became the capital of Béarn in 1464, thus becoming the political, cultural and economic centre of this small State which continued to defend its independence from the neighbouring French, English and Spanish peoples. The town and its castle took on a new dimension by becoming the seat of the Kings of Navarre, at the capture of Pamplona, by the Kingdom of Castile in 1512. Pau became a leading political and intellectual centre under the reign of Henry d'Albret and his wife Marguerite. The history of Pau is marked by the birth of Henry of Bourbon 13 December 1553 in the castle of his grandparents. He gained access to the throne of France in 1589 under the title of Henry IV. The image of the city is since widely associated with that of this monarch made famous for his willingness to put an end to the seemingly endless Wars of Religion. With the end of Béarnaise independence in 1620, Pau lost its influence but remained the same at the head of a largely autonomous province. It was home to the Parliament of Navarre which wrote its texts in Occitan until the Revolution and its dismantling to create the Department of Basses-Pyrénées (becoming Pyrénées-Atlantiques in 1969). It was during the 18th century when another famous person was born in Pau, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte who became Marshal of the Empire and King of Sweden (today, still the ruling dynasty) and Norway from 1818 until his death in 1844. The Belle Époque marked a resurgence for the Béarnaise capital with a massive influx of wealthy foreign tourists (including English but also Russian, Spanish and American), they came to spend the winter to take advantage of the benefits of Pau climate described by the Scottish physician Alexander Taylor. Pau turned widely with the construction of many villas and mansions to accommodate these wintering rich people, the city also developed all elements of modernity for their comfort baths, funicular and railway station). It was at this time that Pau became one of the world capitals of the nascent aerospace industry under the influence of the Wright brothers, crowned heads then pressed there to observe the flight of the first flying school in the world. With the decline of tourism during the 20th century, the Pau economy (and its suburbs) gradually shifted towards the aviation industry and then to that of petrochemicals with the major discovery of the Lacq gas deposit in 1951. Pau today is a city of about 80,000 inhabitants, the main urban area of Pau and of the Agglomeration community of Pau-Pyrenees with 13 neighbouring communes which carry out local tasks together. The Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, founded in 1972, accounts for a large student population. The city plays a leading role for Béarn but also for a wide segment of the Adour area. An administrative capital, it boasts a dense economic fabric including service activities.With 2600 salaried employees, the CSTJF of Total plays a major role. Pau also plays the role of cultural capital with many events, including sports. Pau heritage extends over several centuries, its diversity and its quality allowed it to obtain the label of City of Art and History in 2011. The name of its people is Palois and the motto of Pau is in Latin: Urbis palladium et gentis ("protective of the city and its people").
Paulinus of Nola (also known as Paolino di Nola; full name, Pontius Meropius Anicius Paulinus) (ca. 354 Bordeaux – 22 June 431 Nola) was a Latin poet and letter-writer, and a convert to the Christian faith.
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Périgueux (Peireguers or Periguers) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.
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The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
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Pippin the Younger (c. 714 - 24 September 768), often known under the mistranslation Pippin the Short (French: Pépin le Bref; German: Pippin der Kleine), was a King of the Franks from 751 until his death.
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Pernod Ricard is a French company that produces distilled beverages.
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Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish Baroque painter.
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Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape, principally used in classic Bordeaux blends.
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Blessed Pey Berland (or Peyberland, from Pierre Berland; c. 1380 – January 1458) was the Archbishop of Bordeaux from 1430 until his abdication, during a pivotal time in the history of the city and of Gascony.
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Philadelphia is the largest city in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania and the fifth-most-populous in the United States.
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Philippe Sollers (born Philippe Joyaux 28 November 1936, Bordeaux, France) is a French writer and critic.
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Pierre Palmade (born 23 March 1968 in Bordeaux) is a French actor and comedian.
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Jacques Pierre Joseph Rode (16 February 177425 November 1830) was a French violinist and composer.
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Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (or;; 25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
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Place de la Bourse is one of the most recognisable sights of Bordeaux.
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The Place des Quinconces, located in Bordeaux, France, is one of the largest city squares in Europe (approximately 31 acres or 126,000 m²).
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Plasma (from Greek πλάσμα, "anything formed") is one of the four fundamental states of matter, the others being solid, liquid, and gas.
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The Pont d'Aquitaine is a large suspension bridge over the Garonne, north-west of the city of Bordeaux, in France.
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The Pont de pierre, or "Stone Bridge" in English, is a bridge in Bordeaux, (in the Gironde department of France), which connects the left bank of the Garonne River (cours Victor Hugo) to the right bank quartier de la Bastide (Avenue Thiers).
The Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas is a vertical-lift bridge over the Garonne in Bordeaux, France.
Pope Urban II (Urbanus II; – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
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A portico (from Italian) is a porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.
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Porto, also known as Oporto in English, is the second-largest city in Portugal, after Lisbon, and one of the major urban areas in Southwestern Europe.
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Portuguese people (os portugueses) are an ethnic group native to the country of Portugal, in the west of the Iberian Peninsula of Southwestern Europe.
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A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
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Quebec (Québec), also Québec, City of Québec, Quebec City, or Québec City (Ville de Québec),The city's name is not on a federally legislated list of, as is the case with the province of Quebec/Québec.
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Ramallah (رام الله, pronounced Rāmallāh) is a Palestinian city in the central West Bank located north of Jerusalem at an average elevation of 880 meters above sea level, adjacent to al-Bireh.
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The Royal Navy, in Italian: Regia Marina, was the navy of the Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) from 1861 to 1946.
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Regional planning deals with the efficient placement of land-use activities, infrastructure, and settlement growth across a larger area of land than an individual city or town.
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René Clément (18 March 1913 – 17 March 1996) was a French film director and screenwriter.
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Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications." It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.
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Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed on 30 September 1399.
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Richard George Rogers, Baron Rogers of Riverside, CH, Kt, FRIBA, FCSD, HonFREng (born 23 July 1933) is a British architect noted for his modernist and functionalist designs in high-tech architecture.
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Riga (Rīga) is the capital and the largest city of Latvia.
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Riga City Council (Rīgas Dome) is the government of Riga City, the capital of Latvia.
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A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town or city.
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Road bicycle racing is a bicycle racing sport held on paved roads.
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The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux, the full name of which since 20 November 1937 has been the Archdiocese of Bordeaux-Bazas, is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France.
A consul was the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic, and the consulship was considered the highest level of the cursus honorum (the sequential order of public offices through which aspiring politicians sought to ascend).
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Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
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This article is about the street in Bordeaux.
Rugby union, or simply rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.
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Saint Petersburg (p) is the second largest city in Russia, politically incorporated as a federal subject (a federal city).
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Samsun is a city with a population over half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
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Samuel Boutal (born 22 November 1969) is a former French football (soccer) striker or offensive midfielder.
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Sanofi S.A. is a French multinational pharmaceutical company headquartered in Paris, France, as of 2013 the world's fifth-largest by prescription sales.
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A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.
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Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France.
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Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, mostly in France and Australia.
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Seguin I Lupo was Duke of Gascony from 812 until 816, when Louis the Pious deposed him "because of his boundless arrogance and wicked ways", according to the contemporary Frankish chroniclers.
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Seguin II (died 846), called Mostelanicus, was the Count of Bordeaux and Saintes from 840 and Duke of Gascony from 845.
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The Severan dynasty was a Roman imperial dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between 193 and 235.
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The Smurfit Kappa Group is Europe's leading corrugated packaging company and one of the leading paper-based packaging companies in the world.
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SNCF (Société nationale des chemins de fer français; "National society of French railways" or "French National Railway Company") is France's national state-owned railway company and manages the rail traffic in France and the Principality of Monaco.
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Snecma S.A. is a French multinational aircraft and rocket engine manufacturer headquartered in Courcouronnes, France.
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Sogerma was a French aerospace manufacturer founded in 1924, is a multi-skilled aeronautic partner: World n°3 and European leader on the aerostructures market, World N° 3 on the first & business class seats market, Joint world leader on the pilot seats market.
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Solectron Corporation was a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
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Spaniards (españoles.) are a nation and ethnic group native to Spain that share a common Spanish culture and speak the Spanish language as a mother tongue.
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Stade Chaban-Delmas is a sporting stadium located in the city of Bordeaux, France.
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Stephen Girard (May 20, 1750 – December 26, 1831; born Étienne Girard) was a French-born, naturalized American, philanthropist and banker.
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A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city.
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A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
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The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's high-speed rail service, operated by SNCF Voyages, the long-distance rail branch of SNCF, the national rail operator.
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Thales Group is a French multinational company that designs and builds electrical systems and provides services for the aerospace, defence, transportation and security markets.
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The Washington Post is an American daily newspaper.
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The Tigurini were a clan or tribe forming one out of four pagi (provinces) of the Helvetii.
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Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (for stannum) and atomic number 50.
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Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
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The Top 14 is a rugby union club competition that is played in France.
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Toulouse (locally:; Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital city of the southwestern French department of Haute-Garonne, as well as of the Midi-Pyrénées region.
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Tour Pey-Berland, named for its patron Pey Berland, is located in Bordeaux at the Place Pey-Berland next to Cathédrale Saint-André.
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A train station, railway station, railroad station, or depot (see below) is a railway facility where trains regularly stop to load or unload passengers or freight.
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Tram et bus de la CUB (TBC) is a public transport system for the 27 ''communes'' of the Urban Community of Bordeaux (CUB).
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A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse section, of any building, which lies across the main body of the building.
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Transport express régional (usually shortened to TER) is the brand name used by the SNCF, the French national railway company, to denote rail service run by the regional councils of France, specifically their organised transport authorities.
In France, the Tribunal d'instance (literally "Court of First Instance"), is a judicial inferior court of record of first instance for general civil suits and includes a criminal division, the Police Court (tribunal de police), which hears cases of misdemeanors or summary offences (contraventions).
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A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-1647-X. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with ISBN 0-7537-0970-8 or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
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Turkish people (Türk milleti), or Turks (Türkler), are a Turkic ethnic group.
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Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal and social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot, a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally "undersea boat".
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The UCI Track Cycling World Cup (formerly known as the UCI Track Cycling World Cup Classics) is a multi race tournament held over a track cycling season - usually between October and February.
Union Bordeaux Bègles is a French rugby union team playing in the Top 14, the first level of the country's professional league system.
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The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
An aire urbaine (literal and official translation: "urban area") is an INSEE (France's national statistics bureau) statistical concept describing a core of urban development and the extent of its commuter activity.
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The Urban Community of Bordeaux (French: Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux), also known by its French initials CUB, is the intercommunal structure gathering the city of Bordeaux (France) and some of its suburbs.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities.
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Urbanism is the characteristic way of interaction of inhabitants of towns and cities (urban areas) with the built environment or – in other words – the character of urban life, organization, problems, etc., as well as the study of that character (way), or of the physical needs of urban societies, or city planning.
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The Vandals were an East Germanic tribe, or group of tribes, who were first heard of in southern Poland, but later moved around Europe establishing kingdoms in Spain and later North Africa in the 5th century.
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A velodrome is an arena for track cycling.
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Versailles is a city in the Yvelines département in Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for its château, the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
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A vertical-lift bridge or lift bridge is a type of movable bridge in which a span rises vertically while remaining parallel with the deck.
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Vichy is a city in the Allier department in Auvergne in central France.
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Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
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Vikings (Norwegian and Vikinger; Swedish and Vikingar; Víkingar), from Old Norse víkingr, were Germanic Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern and central Europe, as well as European Russia, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
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Vine pull schemes are programs whereby grape growers receive a financial incentive to pull up their grape vines, a process known as arrachage in French.
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A vineyard is a plantation of grape-bearing vines, grown mainly for winemaking, but also raisins, table grapes and non-alcoholic grape juice.
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The Visigoths (UK:; US:, Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, or Wisi) were branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
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Waiofar (also spelled Waifar, Waifer or Waiffre) was the last independent Duke of Aquitaine from 745 to 768.
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Wilfried Tekovi (born 10 October 1989) is a Togolese international footballer who plays professionally as a defender for French side FC Gueugnon.
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General The Rt. Hon. William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, 1st Marquis of Campo Maior, GCB, GCH, GCTE, PC /ˈwɪlɪəm kɑː ˈberɪsfəd/ (2 October 1768 – 8 January 1856), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician.
Wine (from Latin vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes or other fruits.
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The wine lake refers to the continuing supply surplus of wine (supply glut) produced in the European Union.
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A World Heritage Site is a place (such as a building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, or mountain) that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as being of special cultural or physical significance.
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UNESCO designated a collection of 78 structures under the name "Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France" as a World Heritage Site in December 1998.
World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in Central China.
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Germaine Yvonne Arnaud (20 December 1890 – 20 September 1958) was a French pianist, singer and actress.
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Zahlé (also transliterated Zahleh; Lebanese Arabic: زحلة; Զահլէ) is the capital and largest city of Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon.
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The 12th U-boat Flotilla (German 12. Unterseebootsflottille) was a German U-boat flotilla formed on 15 October 1942 at Bordeaux under the command of Korvettenkapitän Klaus Scholtz.
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The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938.
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The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540.
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The 2007 Rugby World Cup was the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union competition inaugurated in 1987.
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